James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

. (page 149 of 190)
Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 149 of 190)
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vey all their works, property, and franchise to the
" Inhabitants of the Town of Hackettstown."

Thus empowered, the town purchased all the stock
and franchise of the aqueduct company for $21,000,
and bonds of the town were issued, at the rate of
seven per cent, interest, for the purpose of paying the
original owners and further improving their works.

The first commissioners under the charter were
John Shields, I. W. Crane, Reading Bell, Robert
Rusling, Lewis J. Youngblood, and William L. John-
son. They were to serve as follows: Two for one
year, two for two years, and two for three years, their
respective terms of office being determined by lot.
After the purchase was made a new site was pro-
cured and the Schooley's Mountain reservoir built,
since which the water-supply has been ample. It
was found necessary to make a further issue of bonds,
and the total water debt now amounts to about $54,000.
The annual revenue derived from water-rates is $4200.
The income more than pays the interest, and enables
the town to pay off some of the outstanding bonds
each year.


This department of public interest is represented
by "Cataract Hose Company," which was organized
in 1877. It has 1000 feet of improved rubber hose
and suitable trucks. There te also one hand-engine,
under control of the Common Council. S. P. Cook
is chief engineer. The water system, however, is so
perfect that the one hose company is deemed suffi-
cient to meet all the demands for the protection of

The officers of the company are G. W. Smith, Fore-
man; Nathan Klotz and G. T. Everett, Assistant
Foremen ; L. C. Caugle, Secretary ; N. E. Wade,
Treasurer ; R. G. Clark, Steward. The members are
as follows:

William Ackley, C. H. S. Boettiger, Jacob Creyeling, W. B. Cramer, Ja-
cob Albers, 0. A. Hummer, W. L. Hairhouse, G. W. King, Jr., Nathan
Luff, Theo. Menagh, F. J. Smith, E. F. Turtle, J. L. Smith, James
Brant, E. R. Bell, Wilson Daylie, James E. Gerard, F. W. Halsey,
Kohert 0. Howell, James D. Klotz, Theo. Ackley, Jacob McCracken,
A. D. Sidner, J. E. Swick, H. W. Vcorhees, G. M. Titus, Jacob Van
Sjokle, Nelson Wiley, Eugene Bilby.


The first store in Hackettstown was kept by Thomas
Helms, in a building which stood near the present site
of the brick mill owned by L. J. Youngblood. This
was prior to the Revolutionary war, and was for many
years the only store in the settlement. In 1820, Wil-
liam Little sold goods in a store opposite the Warren
House. The building is now used as a dwelling by
Mr. Martin. Jesse Johnson kept store where his
grandson, Morris N. Johnson, now is. Nathan Stiger
was also a merchant at that time.

The various branches of trade are represented at
the present time as follows :



T. G. Pluto, Cliarlcn Halrhouse, and 0< Webber, Jeweler* : John B Huck-

low, ham; M. Kut/., G. A. Ilt-atty, James MiU.-li.tll, T. B V ml II

Uorrta N. .1 uon, J. W. Blsckwell, 0. 0. Huff, rarleUea; J D

Flock, .1. D. Hoffknan, W. 0. Sharp, J. N. Sharp, end i

(rood*; W. II. Droko A llr.itli.tr, .1. S. Kcwn, " U Vim Imh.mi,

hardware; F. W. Kloppelberg, musical Instalment* j A. \v. 1 1

I ,i p; David m. i i. ii. a,.-. >i. McClelleu, J. N. E»erett,and W.D.

Hi Hi t, i.uri..." -: nil Natamore, photographer; W.G.Sntphli
ii..| Bee,dniggUt»; F.Wendt,T.C.En>mon*,W. I. Douglas*, and A.
Brown, olotblera; Aloxander C. Howell and B.A. Week*, confec-
tioner*; W. B. Bice, F. Kumpf, bootl and »1 : Bice » Uilder-

l.nmt, I.. II Albei i- .ii, 0. -. Down* Bon, Mb Mm lies, g r»;

John !••. McOlelleo, marble; Ja iTonng, M. I.. Hint, B.8. BetUger,

and v.. Buah, tobaeconlata ; Kloti t Aoklei and W, V. Bodda, oh-

era; William U I I ph HcCracken, and Frederick Smith,

llTery-etuhli ll..t.-l ■■ . ■- im.mii.m.-I .-U.-wIi.-i.-.


was organized in 1855, with a capital <>f *l<>»>. Dr.

William Bea was president, and George Roe cashier.
The enterprise proving successful, in 1865 a charter
was obtained, and ii became the " Firsl National Bank
of Hackettetown." At this time its capital was
1150,000. President, John I '. Welsh : Vice-President,
Seymour Et. Smith; Cashier, Robert L.Cole; Di-
rectors, William Dellicker, John B. Fisher, William
M, Everett, Samuel Rea, Caleb Swayze, and Andrew

.1. ( 'iliiiinin-.

The bank has o surplusof 150,000, and is considered
one of the staunches! moneyed institutions in the


com Deed business in 1867. The officers are John

B. Fisher, President; R. S. Price, Secretary ; Caleb
II. Valentine, Treasurer. It- directory embrace Sey-
iii ■ R. Smith, J. W. Welsh, William Shields, Rich-
ard Stephens, Robert Ayres, Jr., William Dellicker,
Joseph K. Rice, William M. Everett, Theodore Ymin^,
and John C. Welsh.

ii conducts ii- business strictly on the mutual plan,
and has bo far been very successful. The company
was ii' ii obliged to call on it- policy-holders for any
assistance for over three years after it began to write
policies. Notwithstanding the fact thai it has paid
tosses up i" the present time to the amount of $22,000,

a cash capital of $50, has accumulated. It is ably

managed, and does business quite extensively through-
out Warren, Sussex, and Morris Counties.


This profession has been well represented Bince the
earliest settlement. Before, during, and after the
Revolution this place was included in the ride of the
pioneer doctor, Samuel Kennedy, who resided al
"Log Jail," or Johusonsburg. Dr. Robert Cum-
mins, located at Mount Bethel, also officiated here.
Dr. Stockton practiced in Backettatown prior to L790,

and Drs, Fowler and tloagland - after that date,

mill before 1800. Dr, William Hampton came to
Hackettetown in 1803 (but remained only a year'.
Dr. John Beach in 1810, and Ruel Hampton, brother
of William, commenced practicing here in 1817.

Tli. una- P. Stewart, his pupil, became his partner in
1820, and upon the removal of Dr. Hampton, in 1822,
succeeded to his practice. Dr. William R i
here and commenced practice in 1829. Dr. Silas
Cook came in 1828, and practiced until 1841, when
he removed to Gaston, returning again to Hackette-
town in 1857, where he died in 1878. Dr. Lewis C.
Cook, son of the last named, followed his profession
here from 1841 until lii- death, in l s 7 1 ; another son,
John S. Cook, studied medicine with lii- father, and
has practiced in tlii- town and vicinity Bince I860.
Brief sketches of most of the above mentioned will

be fotiml in the chapter upon the lical profession,

in tin- frciHTiil history, antecedent.

Other physicians located here are Drs. B.T. Black-
well, Tli lore i 'ram-, John W. Dalrymple, Alvah

C. Van Sickle, and Alden E. Martin.

Among the pr inenl members of the liar at the

presenl daj is Col. Caleb H. Valentine, grandson of
Judge Valentine. He was born in 1888; entered
Villi- ( lollege, where he remained until the death of hia
grandfather, in 1861. He Btudied law with Jehiel G.
Shipman, of Belvidere; was a member of the State
Legislature in 1869 to 1871. While there he was one of
tin- original and most earnest promoters of the present
free-school system. He was admitted to the bar in 1869.
A. II. Dellicker was a graduate of Phillips' Academy,
Andover, Ma-., in 1872; wenl to Princeton College
two years ; studied law in the office of Col. C. H.Valen-
tine, and was admitted to the bar in 1879. 8. Pierson
Cook, a graduate of Princeton in l s Ti. also Btudied
law with Col. Valentine, anil was admitted to the bar
iii 1878. He is a member of the law-firm of Price &
Cook. R. S. Price, another Btudenl of Col. Valentine,
was admitted to the bar in 1875. He has served as
one term and as town clerk for -i\ years. He
is the Benior member of the firm of Price & Cook.
.i.e. \n.n and D. B. Harvey also practice law in
Hackettetown. Jacob C. Allen received an academic
education al Hackettetown, and was engaged for some
years in the mercantile business before he took tip the
study of law. He is energetic and diligenl in the
pur-nii of lii- profession. D. B. Harvey is a graduate
of Dartmouth College, N. II. He was a professor in
:i < reorgia college till the war of the Rebellion broke
out, when he came North, settled at Hackettetown,
and opened a law-office, where he has continued Bince.

Carriage manufacture is carried on in. .re exten-
sively than any other industry. The tirsi factory was
established by Jacob Day, about L816, and was con-
tinued for twenty-five years. Those uow engaged in
this line of manufacture are Crawford & Co., R E.
Dickerson, L. II. Neighbour, McLean a.- Co., W. B.
Cramer, T- H. Brant, I EL Heed, Bidner & Niper,
Sanders .v Hack, and J. F. Bird.



John S. Johnston owns the only kiln in the town.
He also works a very extensive limestone-quarry.
Another quarry is owned by George Fuller, of New
York ; it comprises about three squares, located south-
west from the college. It is worked by G. W. Fra-
zier, and yields about 2000 tons per month.

The blast-furnace is located near the limits of Hack-
ettstown, next to Mansfield township. It was origi-
nal^ built by a stock company, who purchased a
large tract of land and commenced operations under
the name of the Hackettstown Land Improvement
Company. Among the directors were Caleb H. Val-
entine, Redding Bell, George W. Johnson, William
L. Johnson, Shields & Karr, Joshua H. Curtis, and
others. The enterprise was not successful, and the
property was sold at sheriff's sale to AVood Bros., of
Philadelphia, from whom Joseph Wharton, the pres-
ent owner, purchased some two years since. The fur-
nace has a capacity of turning out 40 tons of iron

A foundry and machine-shop is carried on by Mi-
chael Bowers, Jr.

To Gen. William Helms belongs the credit of build-
ing the first grist-mill erected in this part of the
country. The exact year it was built cannot be
learned, but it is known to have been prior to 1770.
It was a frame building, situated on the Musconet-
cong River, a short distance above where the present
brick mill stands. There was a saw-mill attached,
and here the lumber was sawed that built the first
houses of ancient Hackettstown.

The present grist-mills are the brick mill, owned by
Lewis J. Youngblood, and two frame mills, owned by
John C. Welsh and Isaac W. Crane, all propelled by

There is one steam saw- and planing-mill, owned
by Messrs. Haszen & Clawson, who also manufacture
sash, doors, and blinds. This firm are also exten-
sively engaged in building carriage- and wagon-rims.


Daniel Axford was born in Oxford township, near
the present Oxford Iron-Works, July 19, 1794. The
farm on which he was born was part of a tract taken
up about the year 1730 by his great-grandfather, John
Axford, the first settler of this part of the country.
This farm, after having been in the Axford family for
upwards of a hundred years uninterruptedly, was
sold to Cornelius Pittenger, and is now occupied as
the site of the principal buildings of the Oxford Iron-
Works. John Axford, the ancestor of the entire Ax-
ford family known in this country, came originally
from Oxford, England, but had lived for a while near
Trenton, in this State. When he came to this part of

the country it was an unbroken wilderness, and the
government subject to the British crown. He was at-
tracted to this particular locality by the natural
meadows in the vicinity, and his first log house was
built by the large spring where. Charles Scranton now
lives. He showed his prudent/oresight by taking up
all the rich valley between where Washington and
Broadway now stand, and sending his claim to the
county clerk's office in Burlington, the nearest county
record at that time. Through some one's neglect it
failed of record, and the property never came in pos-
session of the family.

He had, however, taken up sixteen hundred acres
nearer to him, which he divided among his four chil-
dren, who were all sons. John Axford and his wife,
Anna Beach, belonged to the Society of Friends, and
at their death were interred in the Friends' burying-
ground in the Quaker Settlement of this county. The
name of Axford was commonly pronounced Oxford
in those days, and it is probable the township takes
its name from him.

His four sons were named Abraham, Samuel, Jona-
than, and John. Abraham settled where Theodore
Hoagland now lives; Samuel, where the stone house
stands on Furnace Brook, at the junction of the Fur-
nace and Butzville roads ; Jonathan, on the lands
owned by the late David and Aaron Smith ; and John,
the grandfather of Daniel, at the old homestead by
the big spring.

John Axford married Abigail Hunt, and Samuel,
the oldest of their nine children, was Daniel's father.
He married Margaret McDonald, with whom he had
twelve children, five sons and seven daughters. Daniel
was the third son. Three of his brothers and one
sister removed with their families to Oakland Co.,
Mich., where they all rose to wealth and influence
and left a large posterity.

The opportunities for education were very limited
in Oxford when Mr. Axford was young, and he grew
up with little schooling. He was early put to work
on the farm, and was required to apply himself closely
until he came of age. He reached his manhood in
the midst of the hardships of the war of 1812, and he
was himself drafted for the service, but so late in the
contest that peace was proclaimed before his company
reached the seat of war. On the 1st of January,
1817, he was married to Margaret, daughter of Ben-
jamin Morgan, and with her began that journey and
work of life which they prosecuted afterwards so
honorably and successfully together for half a cen-
tury. Their sole occupation through life was farming.'

The Axfords have been farmers, with few excep-
tions, from the earliest generations, and almost inva-
riably successful ones. Mr. Axford began the world
entirely without capital, but by prudence and industry
rapidly acquired a competency, which by the meridian
of life had grown to a handsome fortune. Had he
been ambitious of wealth to the last, he would now
have been one of the wealthiest men in the county.


Theodore G. Plate is a son of John
Peter and Charlotte Von den Berken Plate,
of Roensahl, Westphalia, Prussia. His father,
.1 native of Valbert, Prussia, engaged for many
years in the business of a "kline smith" al
ttoensahl, and died in 1853 or 1854. His
mother died ten year- previous, and both are

interred ;ii Kooiisahl. Out of a family of

seven children hut three emigrated to this
country, — viz., the subject of this sketch, a
younger In-other, Emil, who Located in Cali-
fornia in the year 1854, where he engaged in
th e confectionery business, and a sister, Leo-
nora, wife of Henry A.mniann, of Union Hill,
N. .1.
Mr. Plate was horn al Roensahl, on March

I, 1830, and attended scl I UUtil he reached

the age of fifteen. He then entered the factory
of his brother, a piano-manufacturer of Roen-

.sihl, tor the purpose of learning the trade,
lie remained with hi- brother for several year-.
and then worked at his trade at Frankfort-on-
the-Main and at I lesse-Pannstadt for nine
months each.

In 1851, upon attaining his majority, he left
his native country for the purpose of avoiding
the unjust compulsory military service which
the laws prescribed, and landed in New York
('its- on September 29th, of that year, with
small means, hut with a determination to meet
the exigencies of life manfully, and if possible
to achieve success by honest industry and faith-
ful application to duly.

11 [ion landing in New York, Mr. Plato at

lir-t entered the employ of Firth & Pont,
piano-makers, on Franklin Square, with whom
lie remained two years. He then worked four
years for Raven & Bacen, in the same Inisiness.
In October, 1857, he located at Hackettstown,
\. .1.. and worked in the jewelry business with
Charles Hairkouse until the following .March,
when he established himself al Hope X. •'.,
and carried on the business of a jeweler. After

■ me year he returned to HackettStOWn, where

he has since remained in successful trade. He
is now the Leading jeweler of the village, and
l>v courteous and faithful attention to business
has accumulated considerable property.

lie is a prominent representative of the
German element in Warren County, and is
deservedly popular with all classes of people.
Hearts politically with the Republican party,
hut has always persistently refused to accepl
office of any kind. He is a liberal contributor
to all worthy objects, and is a member of In-
dependence Lodge, A. I'". and A. M.. of Hack-
ettstown. Himself and family have always
been members of the Lutheran Church.

Mr. Plate has been twice married. His first
wife, whom he married Sept. :',, lX->">, was

Friederika Buerhaus, of Kluppelberg, in
Rhineland. she was born A.ug. 22, L 830, and

died Ma\ 12, 1X70, leaving two daughters,
Amanda C. and Cornelia, both of whom arc

living. His present wife,n& Julia Vollberg,
of Roensahl, In- married on A ult- 31, 1X7'_'.
By this union was horn Theodore G. Plate, Jr.,

who is also li\ in.:.

T. S. Van Horn is a grandson of George Van Horn, a
native of Frelinghuysen township, born in 1771, and for
many years a prominent and representative man in
his locality, and a soldier in the war of 1812. His
father, Isaac H. Van Horn, was born on March 10, 1814,
and was a leading farmer in Frelinghuysen township
until his demise, in 1858, at the age of forty-four.
His mother, Rebecca, daughter of Tobias Stillwell, of
Allamuchy township, resides in Hackettstown. Out
of a family of twelve children, equally divided in sex,
ten grew to years of maturity and are now living, —
namely, Lavinia, wife of Henry W. Reynolds, of Hope ;
George W., a leading merchant at Johnsonsburg ; the
subject of this sketch; Alice, wife of William Everitt,
of Hackettstown, died Sept. 1, 1879; William, Jr., in
the mercantile business at Marksboro' ; Nettie S., wife
of G. K. Hart, Esq., a lawyer at Knoxville, Iowa;
Theodore F., doing business at Kenton, Ohio; Philetus
R., in mercantile business in Hackettstown ; Emma S.,
wife of Chas. F. Wade, of Hackettstown ; and Richard
M., pursuing legal studies at Belvidere, N. J.

T. S. Van Horn was born on his father's farm, at
Johnsonsburg, Warren Co., N. J., on Sept. 12, 1840.
His boyhood days, until the age of fifteen, were passed
at home, and comprised the usual routine experiences of
a farmer's son. On April 1, 1856, he entered upon the
active duties of life by entering the store of Alpheus
Swayze, of Hope, N. J., with a view of learning the mer-
cantile business. Here he remained until September,
1862, when, animated by patriotic impulses, he enlisted
as a private soldier in the Thirty-first Regiment of New
Jersey Volunteers, and entered the field with his regi-
ment to battle for his country's rights. At the expiration
of his term of enlistment he received an honorable dis-
charge, having attained the rank of commissary sergeant.
He re-entered the store of Mr. Swayze for a few months
after his return home, and in October, 1863, passed to

the store of A. W. Oreveling, at Washington, N. J.
where he remained until April 1, 1864. On that date he
established himself in trade at Johnsonsburg, where he
continued five years. At the expiration of that time he
made a prospecting tour through the West with a view
to a settlement, but returned to his native county, and
in the fall of 1868 purchased the site of his present com-
modious store in Hackettstown, and the following spring
entered into mercantile life at that place, where he is to-
day one of the leading and prominent business men.
He erected his store-house in 1874.

Mr. Van Horn, though but now in the prime of life,
is recognized as one of the self-made and growing busi-
ness men of Warren County. Starting out early in life
with only the preliminary' training of a farmer's son, and
with no capital other than strong hands and a willing
and ambitious spirit, he has by industry, economy, and
close application to business gradually reached a posi-
tion of comparative affluence. While he has confined
his attention strictly to the legitimate business of a
merchant, he has been actively identified with various
movements tending to elevate and develop the com-
munity in which ho dwells, and has been a liberal pro-
moter of church and kindred interests. In 1870 he was
one of ten men in establishing the Land Improvement
Company at Hackettstown, and in the building of a fur-
nace and car-shops at that place, — a venture that caused
him serious financial loss. He is a member of the Pres-
byterian Church of Hackettstown, and has served as
superintendent of the Sabbath-school connected with
that church , and has been a trustee of the church for the
past two years. Ho takes an active interest in the tem-
perance cause, and is the president of the Band of
Hope connected with the Sabbath-school of the church.

He was married on Jan. 15, 1867, to Olivia, daughter
of Caleb Swayze, of Hope, and lias two children, — Alice
E. and Sarah O. Van Horn.



His life i- only another illustration that farming is
„„,. ,,!' the most honorable and lucrative of human

His interest in political affairs dates hack to his
early manhood. I h- lias filled the offices of justice,
jollector, freeholder, and sheriff. II.- was twice ap-
lointi d by the Legislature of the State justice of the
hace, and each appointmcnl was for five years ; but,
being elected to the « >f1i-<- of sheriff of tin- ronnly in
the midst of his second term, he resigned his judicial
office He relates, as a matter of pleasantry, that he
married twenty-eight couple while he was justice of
the peace. He held the office of sheriff from 1 536 to
and during that time inflicted the penalty of
public whipping in the county the last time it was
done before the repeal of the law. In two instances
|e was chosen delegate to I longressional conventions :
Lee in the fall of 1830, during Jackson's administra-
tion, when the convention was held in Trenton and
nominated, according to the custom then prevailing,
I ticket for the entire State. The second time was in
l- II, when the convention met in the Methodist
Episcopal church in Stanhope, and nominated only
for the district. Mr. Ax ford has always been strong
and decided in his political convictions, and unswerv-
inir in his loyalty to his party. He has voted at everj
election for sixty-six years, and always a Democratic


When the county house and farm were purchased
to improve the condition of the county paupers, hi-
was chosen a director, with Archibald Robertson, of
Beatyestown, to prepare the buildings and to gather

in the | r. They began the work in April, and in

the August following they had them housed in their
iieu and comfortable quarters. When the necessity

afterward- arose for enlarged aci nodations, he was

appointed a member of the building committee, and

the present creditable and i dious county huihl-

Bge were elected under hi- supervision.

Mr. Axford was one ol the founders of the Belvi-
d.-n Bank, and has been a stockholder and director
uninterruptedly from its origin to the present time.
lie has ,i|s,, been one ol the directors of the Farmers'
Mutual Insurance Company of Warren from its or-
ganization, and for several years he held the office of
treasurer of tin company.

Mis reputation for honesty, ability, and kin

my of his neighbors to select him as the executor
of their will-, and the e t to appoint him as admin-
istrator of estates, lew men in the countv have done

as much in that line, and done- it a- satisfactorily, a-
Mr. Axford. He was noted for the accuracy of Ili-
ac,-,, unts and the moderation of his char-,-. His life

has been strictly moral. Without attaching himself
to temperance societies, he abstained personally and
abolished the use of Liquor on bis farm, even in har-
vest, nearly half a century ago. II, used no profane

l:iugu:i!re, and always rested, with all his household, on
the Sal, hath-, lay. lie quil the u-e of tobaCCO, after

having been addicted to it for thirty year-, -imply by
the exercu • of a manly will. Hi case is Ul striking

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 149 of 190)