James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

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contrast with multitudes who. after the most painful

am! prayerful struggles to give up the weed, are con-
quered by their appetite in spite of their agony, —
" A iiNin ,,f do purpose do pnrpose fulfills ;
W«al ii hare men h»Te u-itt-."

His cheerfulness and sociability made him many

friends, and \'rw men enjoy the society of their friends
more than he. He loved humor and repartee, and
often in his happier moments would indulge in mer-
riment and hursts of laughter which, by quick con-
tagion, would iii an in-taut nun ulse whole assemblies

whether in public or private

Mrs. Lxford was the granddaughter of Eev. Mr.
Johnston, a Presbyterian clergyman settled and well
known in Hunterdon County in his day. She was of

a thoughtful, serious turn of mind, and in her home
displayed more than ordinary prudence, skill, and
neat in — . They had three children. — Rachel, who mar-
ried William Drake; Margaret, the wife of Rev. R.
Vanhorne, of the Newark Conference; and Nancy, the
wife of Uaac 8. Dill. Mrs. Axford died of paralysis,

i let. 9, 1866, in the sixty-ninth year of hei

Although Mr. Axford has never become a commu-
nicant in any church, he has always been a believer
and >upport,-r of Christianity. He remembers with

interest going with his parent-, when he W8S a little

hoy, on a winter evening, in a sled drawn by oxen,
- distance to a Methodist service in his grand-
father's house at the big spring, before there were any
churches id' that denomination in the county. In his
later years he ha- heeii a pew-holder and a regular

attendant on tin- religious services in the Methodist
Episcopal Church, which he has also enjoyed with a
new interest. He lived in Oxford for marly three-
quarters of a century, » lu-n he renwn id to I [ackette-
town, whet-,- In- now, in the eighty-seventh year of his
age, resides in the hoii-e of his oldest daughter, he-
loved by his children and grandchildren, and respected

by all who know him.



Greeshvich, the most southerly of the townships
of Warren, was originally one of the four civil divi-
sions of Sussex County, which at that time embraced
AValpack, Newton, Hardwick, and Greenwich. At
an early date it comprised a large extent of territory,
but has from time to time been reduced in size until
its dimensions, including Lopatcong, were 7 miles in
length by 6 in width. It was by the erection of the
latter township still further diminished until its
present limits were attained. Greenwich is bounded
on the north by Lopatcong, south by Hunterdon
County, west by the Delaware, and east by Franklin
and Hunterdon Counties.

In point of population Greenwich ranks as second
in the county, having a total of nearly 2600 souls.

The township tax for the last year was $3000; the
county tax, $6591.83 ; the State school tax, $3567.68 ;
the special tax, $19.81 ; and the extra school tax,
.*806. Greenwich is traversed both by railroads and
a canal, which afford it ample facilities for traffic as
well as for travel. The Morris and Essex Eailroad
runs through the northern portion, with a station
near Stewartsville. The Belvidere Division of the
Pennsylvania Eailroad follows the Delaware Elver,
with a station at Eiegelsville and another at Carpen-
terville. The New Jersey Central runs through the
centre of Greenwich, with a station near Spring-
town, and an extension of the Lehigh Valley Eail-
road also passes through the township. The Morris
Canal begins at Easton, and, passing through Green-
wich and other townships, terminates at Jersey City.

The surface of Greenwich is undulating, presenting
much variety of scenery, portions of which are very
beautiful. The soil is a combination of limestone,
clay, and sand, though its prevailing ingredient is
limestone. Clay is chiefly found in the centre, sand
being occasionally interspersed with it, while occa-
sionally ridges of slate are found in localities. This
soil is admirably adapted to the raising of all grains,
and abundant crops are the reward of the husband-
man's labor. Greenwich is amply supplied with
water. The Delaware Eiver follows its western bor-
der, while the Musconetcong rises in the mountains
above Hackettstown, and, flowing southwest along the
southern boundary of the township, pours its waters


I J v K. 0. Wftgnor.

into the Delaware near Eiegelsville. The Pohatcong
Creek has its source in the mountains on the east side
of the county, in Mansfield, and, flowing southwest
through Washington and Franklin into Greenwich,
also empties into the Delaware. These streams afford
a superior water-power, which is extensively used for
manufacturing and milling in various portions of the

Iron ore has been discovered within the township
and is now being mined, though to a limited extent.
Numerous limekilns are erected in localities where
limestone abounds, and have become one of the chief
sources of business enterprise.


Few, if any, of the early settlers of the township
survive, and their representatives who are still in
Greenwich, have not preserved the traditions of their
ancestors. It is, therefore, almost impossible for the
historian to obtain a sufficient number of facts to
make a record of the early settlement interesting or
valuable. The earliest families of the neighborhood
came from different sections and remote parts of the
world. English, Scotch, Scotch-Irish, German, Dutch,
AVelsh, and probably other nationalities, contributed a
share. The larger, and for a time the controlling, ele-
ment was Scotch-Irish. The Maxwells came from the
North of Ireland in 1747. The Stewarts and Ken-
nedys and Eamseys and McCulloughs and Kellys
were of the same stock, but the Stewarts and Kellys
came hither from Bucks County. The Smiths,
Crevelings, Bidlenntns, Fines, Hulshizers, Carpenters,
Clines, Hances, and Youngs were of German origin,
as were also the Boyers. The Hagawouts, Beavers,
and Sharpenstoins (now abbreviated to Sharps) were
of Dutch and Holland origin. The Pursells, Hunts,
Hixons, Davis, Hamlins, Carters, Greens, Barbers,
Bulmans, and probably the Bobbins were of English
extraction. The Hughes family were of Welsh origin,
and the Hyndshaws of Scotch extraction. In a few
cases there may be errors in this classification, but
the statements are substantially correct. With the
difficulty of obtaining facts in view, it will be possible
to touch upon the advent of but a few families, and
those briefly. The Kennedy family, one of the first
in Greenwich, was early represented by two brothers,
Thomas and William, who came from Bucks Co., Pa.,
and purchased a tract of land in the north portion of
the township, the former locating at Stewartsville



ami the latter at Still Valley. The year of their ad-
vent, as nearly as can be stated, was 1771.

Thomas Kennedy, who was :i man of i h influ-
ence, left two sons, — Robert S. and .lame-, — the latter
of whom removed from the township. Robert s.
remained upon the homestead, where hi- death oc-
barred in 1879, in hi- seventy-seventh year. Saving
been of Scotch-Irish descent, he possessed many of
tie characteristics of that race. He was a man of
powerful build, and was possessed id' a strong mind,

a clear judgment, a powerful will, and indomitable

.lodge Kennedy was actively interested in political
atlairs. and in civil life I ccupied with credit

various positions of responsibility and honor.* In
Church relation- Judge Kennedy was a Presbyterian,
and for a period of nearly -ixty year- actively en-
gaged in Sabbath-school work, lb- was a hailing
elder in the Greenwich Presbyterian Church for a
pen d i I thirty - -ars and later i t the church at Stew-
Brtsville, and participated actively in meeting- of the
General Assembly of the Church. A safe and wise

e selor, a linn friend, and an upright man, Judge

Kennedy will tor years he mourned by the community

of which he formed a part.

Roberl II. Kennedy was descended rr t different

family, yet one of the earliest in the town-hip. He
Was a prominent man in his time, and in political

faith was a Democrat, while Roberl s. was a Whig.

The earliest representative of the Stewart family
in i ireenw ieh was Squire Thomas Stewart, who came
from Bucks i 'o.. Pa., early during the present century
and purchased land, upon which he resided, having

Followed farming pursuits. The land on which he at

first located is now occupied by Charles Paulns. He
died in the year 1887, and lefl -i i sons, of whom Jesse,

, and John survive, though neither reside- in

1 1 el i. The representative of tin ■ family now in

tin- township is Jesse, the - "f William, ex-judge

pf the Court of Common Pleas, who resides at Stew-
artsville. Robert, another of the sons of Squire

Thoina- Stewart, was an early merchant, and subse-
quently removed to Wisconsin, where his death oc-
curred. Robert, a brothl r Of Squire Stewart, also re-
sided in the township, one-half mile from Stewarts-

villi-, upon the farm dow occupied by Charles Ober-
ley, Jr. lb- had n I irge famil) of sons and daug : i
hers, all of whom removed from the town-hip.

1 - Hyndshaw formerly spelled Hyndshau | wa-
nt' Scotch descent, lb- -cr\cd iii the war of the Rev-
olution, was taken prisoner, and marly suffered death
from starvation, the shock of which permanently in-
jured him. At the close of the conflict he came to

Greenwich and purchased WO acres of land, which,
upon his death, in 1819, was divided among hi- four
children, each of w hom was given :i farm. ' »f these
children, two -,,u- are now living. James resides in

Bwikotcli In ohnptw hi I

ChicagOj and John S. represents the family in the

town-hip and lives upon the homestead.

Lewis ('line was of German extraction, and located
at New Brunswick, X. J., before the Revolutionary
war. His son Lewi- settled upon the homestead, and,
two years before his death, which occurred in 1842,
removed to Greenwich, upon land now occupied by

Michel Cline. Lewis (line had live -oris and five
daughters. Of these children, Lewi- ('line and I)r.

Garner ('line reside in Harmony town-hip. John
i- located in Franklin and Michel in Greenwich, being

the only representative of the family in the town-hip.

A daughter, Mrs. Christian Davidson, re-ides in Ox-

John Shinier emigrated to the town-hip from Lehigh

Co., Pa., a- early a- the year 1800, and settled upon

the land now occupied by Samuel I.. Shinier, which

is known a- tie homesteadnawi. (in this place seven
children were horn, — Peter, John N.. Robert K.. Isaac
S.. William I!.. Samuel I... and Mary, who became

Mr-. John R. Smith. Of these -on-, lour arc now
living. John N. and William R. re-ide in Green-
wich, Robert K. ill l.opatcong, and Sa I I., in

Phillipsburg. Mr. Shinier'- death occurred in the

township, and his remains repose in the a
burial-ground of St. .lame-' ( Shurch.

The Shipman family are of Holland descent. Two
brothers early emigrated to New York State, and
Chose :i location in Schoharie County. About the
year 1760 one of these brother-, named Matthias,

n moved to New Jersey and purchased a tract of 400
acres of land in the township of Greenwich, which
was largely uncultivated, and inhabited principally

by Indians. (In his death the estate was inherited by
his -on Isaac, who had 12 children, of \vl i are

now living. Three -on- reside in I.opati g town-
ship, and one. Dr. William Shipman, a physician
enjoying an extended practice, i- a resident of Green-
wich. The children i.i [saac, another son, are also
located iii Greenwich. Jesse resides in La-ton, Pa.

The family of Hulshizers are, as their name indi-
cates, of German origin. A lull history of the various

branches of this family will appear iii the biograph-
ical department of this work.
George W. Zeller came from Pennsylvania in 1 7": '7 .

and located upon the farm now occupied by hi- -on.

George Zeller. He had two sons, John and George,

above mentioned, and tWO daughters, Maria, who

married Christian Kreider, and Margaret, who he-
came Mrs. Michael Messinger. Mr. Zeller died upon
the land he purchased, in his eighty-second year.

Both -on- located in the township. John died in

1879, and George, who resides upon the hoc

with bis family, is the onlv survivor.

William Paulison removed from Pennsylvania prior
to tin Revolutionary war and settled in Greenwich.

lb- had two daughters ami a son. Cornelius, who also

resided in the town-hip. and w a- (he father of ten
children, live sons and live daughter-, all of whom



are now deceased, with the exception of Miss Mary
Paulison, who resides at Springtown.

The Sharp family were very prominent in Green-
wich at an early day. Four brothers, John, Stuffle,
Jacob, and Peter, each owned extensive farms, which
they improved, and upon which they resided. Jacob,
at a later day, removed to Wilkesbarre, Pa. The
property of the family has passed into other hands,
and none of its former owners are found in Green-

Leonard Stocker, another of the early emigrants
from Pennsylvania, located on the west side of the
township, near the Delaware River, at an early day,
where he purchased land which was occupied until
his death. He had five sons and two daughters, of
whom Samuel resided in the township, where he died.
The remaining children chose homes elsewhere.

The sons of John Stocker now residents of Green-
wich are Peter and Edward. Abram Stocker is rep-
resented by his sons William, Josiah, and Abram.

Balsar Carpenter early owned a tract of land ad-
joining that of Peter Sharp. This property on his
death passed into the hands of his son Joseph, whose
decease occurred in 1878, in his eighty-sixth year,
after which his sons William and Samuel came into
possession and are the present occupants.

Jacob Youngs, formerly a resident of Pennsylvania,
purchased an extensive landed interest in the town-
ship, which was inherited by his sons John, Jacob,
and Abram. These sons are since deceased, and Al-
fred, a son of John, only resides in Greenwich.

Godfrey Insley was an early citizen of Franklin,
where, after serving his time, he purchased a farm.
At a later date he removed to Stewartsville, and finally
to Lopatcong, where his death occurred in 1863. He
had children, — Philip, Mary, Catharine, Christopher,
John, Jacob, George, Isaac, Margaret, and Godfrey.
But one of these, George Insley, now resides in Green-

Another of the older settlers was Philip Weller,
who on his arrival purchased the land now cultivated
by his grandson, William Weller. Here after a life
of much industry he died, and was buried in the
cemetery of Greenwich Church.

John Weller removed from Franklin township in
1820, and inherited land now occupied by Peter Lantz
and George Beers, upon which he resided until his
death, in 1839. He had eight children, seven of whom
grew to mature years. But one son, William, remains
in Greenwich, and is located upon a farm east of

Charles Oberley came from Northampton Co., Pa.,
in 1833, and selected land at present occupied by his
son Owen. Mr. Oberley died in 1875, and is survived
by his widow and five children.

Many old and prominent families of Greenwich
have passed from the recollection of a later generation.
It is therefore impossible to make this record of early
settlements as complete as it might otherwise be.


It is probable that roads in a very rude condition
existed in Greenwich more than a century ago. As
early as the close of the Revolutionary war one of the
highways was traversed by a detachment of Burgoy ne's
army, who marched through the valley and lodged in
the old Greenwich church. The earliest remembered
turnpike is known as the New Brunswick turnpike,
which entered the township near Phillipsburg, and,
pursuing a southeasterly course, then an easterly route
through Still Valley, left the township at Bloomsbury.

The Morris turnpike began at Phillipsburg, and,
running westerly, passed through Stewartsville, and
on through Franklin. This was a very early highway.
Before this turnpike was constructed a road ran from
Easton to Stewartsville, and through New Village to

The road territory of Greenwich is now divided into
32 districts, over which the following supervisors are
appointed :

No. 1, Wilson Metier; 2, Jolin Heller; 3, William Heller; 4, Abraru
Heller; 5, David Wiener; 6,0. Wallace; 7, William B. Fritz; 8, D.
P. Cline; 9, Andrew Lott; 10, Isaac Wyant; 11, William Butler; 12,
Henry B. Stone; 13, Peter Myers; 14, William S. Purcell; 15, John
Nestley; 16, A. B. Frity.e; 17, Andrew Hawk; 18, J. Launing; 19,
F. Vnnderbilt; 20, Jacob Bellis; 21, William Sbipman; 22, William
B. Shinier; 23, George B. Cole; 24, Henry Super; 25, Jacob Frey;
26, Philip Reese; 27, Lewis Cline, 28, J. H. Hillshizer; 29, Peter
Stamets; 30, William Sharrer; 31, George W. Hance ; 32, John Fine.


That Greenwich was formerly a township under
Hunterdon and Morris Counties and had its repre-
sentatives in the Provincial Assembly is proved by
" A Pole of the Freeholders of the County of Hun-
terdon for Representatives to serve in the General
Assembly of the Province of New Jersey, for the
County of Hunterdon, taken per Christopher Search,
one of the Clerks, October 9th, 1738, before David
Martin, Esq., High Sheriff."

Greenwich township was represented in this elec-
tion by the following-named electors : Samuel Green,
Henry Stewart, John Anderson, Thomas Anderson.

Greenwich was in Morris County from 1738, when
set off from Hunterdon, until 1753, when Sussex was
formed from Morris! From that date until 1824 it
was in Sussex County, but since the last-named year
has been a civil division of Warren County.*

* Since writing the history of Greenwich the following act has boon
passod dividing the township. Approved March 24, 1881 :

"An Act to establish a new township in the county of Warren, to be
called the township of Pohatcong.

"1. Be it enacted by the Senate and General Assembly of tin; Male of Neut
Jersey, That all that part of the township of Greenwich, in tho county of
Warren, contained within tin- following bounds,— to wit, beginning at
the lino between tho townships of Lopatcong and Greenwich, at a point
on said line between tho farms of William Hamlin and Jacob Paulus ;
thence in a southeasterly course to a corner of the public road at the
house occupied by tho sexton of tho Saint. James 1 Lutheran Church;
thence along said road to Still Valley ; thence to the forks of the road at
the farmhouse of Robert T. Smith ; theuco in a direct course to a corner
between the farms or Daniel (Vase and Henry It. Kennedy; thence

along tho lino between Rabbins and Henry It. Kennedy; thence on

the line between the lands of KaBU and Creveling to the Musconetcong



Although Greenwich is one of the oldest townships
in the county in point of organization, do records
prior to 1855 have been preserved by its township
officers. It is therefore impossible to make the civil
list of the township complete.

I i mi r; 1M - G (Tan Neaa; 1861 61, John
Sberrer; 1862, George Von Neaa; 1863-67, Jamea M. Lou. ; 1S6S
70, Jamea M. Kennedy; 1871, J. M. Hawk; 1872-74, .Tun. - M. Ken-
nedy; 1876 76, II. n.v H.S1 ; 1877, A. J. Fulmor; 1878, Henry II.

Stone; 1879-80, John Fine.

.mi :,. \ J, Raub; 1859 62, Jacob Vonghl ,

Robert H. Abernethy; 1866-66, Jean Stewart, Jr.; 186T-1
II. Kroner; 1874, Jamee K. Barl ' irlea H. Kramer;

1879 91, DaTld Welder.

D mil i i ddlni r; 186 I hn 3bi rrei I 1-61, V llllaili I ar-

penter; 1862, John K. Bnghee; I86S-64, John Thatcher;
JohnFIni Benjamin Swarte; 1869-76, William Carpenter;

1876, Nathan Oarpeuler; 1-77 78, William Carter; 1879, David I.
SI ine; 1880 Bl, B ilomon « Weldi r,

Ion H mil in, B L.Cllne, J. I\ Tin-man, William lla-.-r; 1866,
JobnS. Tlnamun; 1860, B. I.. Cllne, J. S. Tiuaman, J. W. Low, Wil-
liam 0. T. i -, 1861, .1 U. Plumer, A. J. Kaub; 1862, Benjamin

SwarU, EaaaoSblpman; 186 l,Curdon Uoulton; 1865, Jamea W. low,
Peter Snyder, Itau Oarpentei I868.J 3. Tinainan,B.H. Abernethy;
1867, WHUara S. Kaae; 1868, Jami - U. Kennedy, Willbun B I
lor; lscj, Freeman Wood; l-T", WUUam Carpenter, G
Fackciithull, Benjamin P. Purcell; 1871, William Carpenter, J. C.
Smith, II. P. Pnrcell; IsTi, William Hunt, S. tic-urge Price; 1873,

.lam. i U Kei i J. D. Gray, Abnun Sel

1876, William B. Carpenter; 1878, Thaddeua G. Price, John Pine.


'obn Sharp -. L.C. Bowlbj ; 1869-61, Nathaniel J
iilahl el I ■ r r. Hulehlxor.

■., i i,i. in. , ' n i' bl in . i ■ II, John Carpenter, Jona-
than Bobblne; 1832, Robert H. Kei ly, Jonathan Bobbin

;:.i;,i,.ii ii Kennedy, Jacob H.WIutor; 1840-41, Joeeph A. Cur-

I... i, Isaac Shlpman.Jr.; 1842 13, William Hamlin, William Ala-

i i • Smith ; 1846 18, John T.

Bariok,Ja I Btowarl; 1849 50, John M Roaeberry, Jamea E

1- .1 Robert II. Kennedy, Jamoa Btewart; 1862 55, Jamea Btewart;

i Edward II. Bird; 1869-60, John

Thatcher; 1861-62, tndrea M Fine; 1863, l-.i Shlpman ; 1864,

Andrew J, Fulmar; 181 Peter S Bobbina; 1868, William I.

Tool; 1869 71. .I.,. obS. Hawk ; 1872, Vli nt Smith ; 1.-7:1-7-1, Jncob

8. Ila«k ; 1876 76, Jai oh J. St 1-7: 79, I...... S. Laul

Joescl. Lake . 1881, I iai - I anbach.


The memory of the present residents of ' Ireenwich

i- not equal to the task of perpetuating in history

recollections of the school-days of their ancestors.

'flic facts with reference in early schools are then-lore

An early Mom- eel l-house was erected durii

latter part of the lasl century, nearly a mile below

ltiv.-i at ..r near Pine Holkva brldgo; thencedowu the mlddl

iiv.-i- 1.. Its . ..i.iin -1-uitli the Delaware ltii . i ■; thonce np the Delaware

Rlvor to the line botwoen the townahlpa of Lopatcong and G nwli bj

thence along aald lino to tho | laherobj

Ki ..u Irom tin- townahlp of Greenwich, In tho county of Warren,and

parata t la a il lp, to bt I u a d hi the na ne i - j I

Stewartsville, on theiyad to Bloomsbury. It i- -till
Btanding, though not in use. .Many of the ri-inur
youth of that portion of the township seventy-five

years ago hen- acquired the rudiments of an educa-
tion, under the tutelage of Master Philip Larch.

Another building, of lugs, was erected for school
purposes in the northwest portion of the township, in
which the teachers were Masters William Wilson,
John Siiiiuis, Phineas Barber, and Jacob Mellick.
The schools wen- at this early day maintained by
subscription, the parents Bigning two dollars pet-
scholar for a quarter of twelve weeks and agreeing
to board the master.

In 18-'J7 an academy was ereetetl by the private en-
terprise of the citizens of Stewartsville, which was
opened b] Master Moore as instructor. JohnS. La Bar
was a later teacher, 'l'ln- building is now occupied
by the district as a public school. The township N

now divided into the following districts, presidi 'I •■• er
l.\ the teachers named in connection with each:

No. 1, Flneavllle, D. R. William- No. 2, Uugheerllle, Wm. C. Free-
man ; No 3, Carpentervllle, J B Stanfler; No.4,6pringtown, E.7.

- in ■ lib , Pi lablni ; No. ... Brill Valley,

E. F. Clitic; No. 7, Stewartaville, T. G. Pli

The number of pupils in attendance (luring the
past year was 698. The amount of -State appropria-
tion was $211.41, the a moii n I of township school tax
ssi Hi, the amount of two-mill lax siM67.64, making
a total amount for school purposes of >=:!] S.">.(»"«.


The following extracts, embodying a history ..i the
First Presbyterian Church of Greenwich, are taken
from a centennial discourse delivered June 17, 1875,
by its former pastor, l!cv. L>. X. .luiikiii, D.D. :

" N,. ilniil.t I'n.-l.vt.-i ian famili.-s hud come mining the earlier eettlcrs

,.f tho vail, -v. an. 1 it la rerj probable that aome \i-it- from mln

the goapel would be made befon anynltamptat organization would be

i ii in- matter of record. The earliest reconl which I

hare been able t.> Bud carrlea na bach aboni one hnndred and tliii,v-?i\

years. In 1739 the minm. - ol the Preabyterj ol Nea Brnnawlck In-

1..HH ii-. in their antique -tvl.-, that 'them . ] - b\t.-rya

luppllcatlon f..r auppliee <>f preaching in Mr. Barbor'e tiriglilxirliood near

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 150 of 190)