James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

. (page 151 of 190)
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tfuaconnekunk, 1 and a mlnlator i Mr. Croaa or U< Rea] waa directed to

anpply certain Sabbathe al Lemintnnk (now called Lamlngton and Mr.

i i waaprobabrj the ancaetoi ol Mt .trwsoBor-

ber, who, an old man at tin. timo I camo to Green* Ich, -till wi

«itli tola church. Mr. Jeata Barbor llred al the Mnthweat base of

i- identical « uli a bal waa

I. Mention la re]

1. i Mi Green'a, theae namai being naad In*
a ,, in ti... mlnutce tho tot alio deal
Mr. tin . ii i

ml -p.-iiin^ being

" From 1789 Ibrward freqnenl montlon Is mado "t auppUaa Wing ap-
awlch ni in Delav i

11 At what rahlp waabnill fur thin

■ ti tin,

yoara I740 and IT It. f..r iii the Journal ol lb il ml Braln-

ard, who waa laboriug among the Indiana In

win.,' In- in. nil. .to having praaehi ' ith, Dae 9, 1744, In

Qraanwti b, N. J.



" That the Greenwich thus hallowed by the prayers and tears of the
sainted Brainerd was our Greenwich is rendered certain by the fact,
which he mentioned, that it was ten miles from his house in the Forks
of the Delaware. That house was a rude cabin, and stood about one-
half a mile south by west of where the church of Lower Mount Bethel
now stands, near the banks of Martin's Creek, the Indian name of which
was SaJchanwotung. The site of the cabin was pointed out to me some
forty years ago. It is just about ten miles from the site of the original
Greenwich meeting-house, but not more than six or seven from Axford's
neighborhood, sometimes called, in the old records, ' Greenwich upon
Delaware.' The original meeting-house, built of lo»s, stood upon the
farm formerly owned by John Riley, Esq., now by Henry R. Kennedy,
Esq. The site of the church and graveyard was to the left of the old road
as you ascend the hill from the farmhouse going towards the south. Be-
neath the soil of that field sleep the bones of many of the early inhabi-
tants of the valley. There, as 'the Elders 1 have informed me, was a
large buryiug-ground, in which slumber the mortal remains of many
who, one hundred and thirty years ago, heard the gospel from the lips
of the sainted Brainerd. And that there was a house of worship erected
as early as 1744 is proven by the fact that he did not preach in a private
house or he would have mentioned it, and that the congregation could
not have worshiped on the Dth and loth of December in thp open air
or woods. The fact, too, that thirty -one years after Brainerd's visit the
old log church was so far decayed as to call for a new erection renders it
probable that it had been built some two or three years before his visit,
—probably about 1741. That locality was abandoned in 1775. The
plowshare has long ago leveled every mound that covered the bosoms
of the sleepers. Few of the present generation can tell exactly where
that ' God's acre' lies."

The Rev. Francis Peppard, the Rev. James Camp-
bell, and others ministered to this people at an early
day. Besides these, it is learned from the minutes of
the Presbytery that

" John Cross, Rev. Daniel Lawrence, Rev. John Clark, Rev. Robt. Cross,
Rev. John Boyd, the Rev. James McRea, and others, visited the churches
of this region and dispensed ordinances; but there was probably no
settled pastor before Mr. Roseborough.

"The Rev. John Roseborough* was pastor of Greenwich, Oxford, and
Mansfield-Woodhouse about 1755. Late in 17G9 he removed from this
side of the river Delaware, and became the pastor of the churches in the
two Irish settlements, in what is now Northampton County. Mr. Kose-
horough continued to serve those churches until 1777, wheu, in the
darkest hour of our Revolutionary struggle, he roused by his eloquence
the brave hearts of his parishioners to rush to the help of their country.
A battalion was raised. The patriotic pastor was chosen to its command.
He marched at its head to the camp of Washington, then near to Cor-
yell's Ferry, and tendered their services in the cause of freedom. He
requested the general to appoint an experienced officer to command
them, and he himself remained as chaplain. They shared in the strug-
gle and glory of Trenton. But, a few days after that victory, the patriot
pastor, who had not recrossed the Delaware with the main body of the
army, was surprised by a scoutiug-party of British horse in a farmhouse
near Pennington. Finding that he was a Presbyterian, and of course a
Whig, they stabbed him in cold blood, and he died under their murder-
ous hands, a martyr to the cause of American liberty."

After this, during the anxious period prior to the
Revolutionary war, the church had no settled pastor,
though many ministers officiated as supplies. In 1776,
Rev. Joseph Treat came to this valley and Mount
Bethel, and preached at each point upon alternate
Sabbaths. He subsequently removed to the congre-
gation and remained until his death, in 1797 or '98.

"The old stone church, which was erected on this spot one hundred
years ago, remained in good condition until it was pulled down to give
place to the piesent edifice, in April, 1835. It must have been one of the
best church edifices of its day in the State, and reflected honor upon the
congregation which at so early a day, and in troublous times, could
erect such a building. It was built of stone masonry so solid and well
cemented that the walls Beeined as firm and weather-proof in the last

' Spelled also Rosebrough and Rosebrugh.

year of its existence as in the first. It was 49 by 38 feet, with walls 17
feet high; ceiling slightly arched across the narrow dimension of the
house ; gables on the east and west ends (the reverse of the present edi-
fice) ; two doors in front, opening on aisles which led back to another
aisle, which extended, in front of the pulpit, the entire leugth of the
house; pulpit of the ancient tub species, with a precentor's box in front
of it. The pulpit stood against the north wall, opposite the doors, and
galleries were on three sides of the auditorium, reached by stairs which
arose from each door.

"After the death of Mr. Treat the Rev. William B. Sloan became the
pastor of the two congregations of Mansfield and Greenwich, and was
ordained and installed near the close of 1797 or the early part of 1798.
For about seventeen years he served the two churches, and then became
the sole pastor of this one, which he served until the full of 1834, — about
thirty-six years in all.

"The earliest record of session that can be found is dated Nov. 14, 1803,
seventy-two years ago. The first page contains this inscription : 'Green-
wich Presbyterian Church Consistory, opened Nov. 14, 1803; Rev. Wm.

B. Sloan, Moderator, Peter Davis and Thomas Stewart, Elders ordained,
Thomas Kennedy, Wm. Kennedy, and Wm. Smith, Elders elect.' The
record is in the writing of the venerable Judge Stewart.

" From that time to the present the records of Session have been kept
with a good degree of regularity. Adam Ramsey, Peter Sharps, Sr., and
Abraham Carpenter were elected elders Sept. 25, 1811 ; Charles Carter,
Peter Smith, and Dr. Silas Cook in July, 1819; Lefferd Haughawout,
Aug. 22, 1822 ; Jonathan Robbins and Samuel T. Stewart, March 6, 1825 ;
William Carter and Daniel Hulshizer, Sept. 19, 1833; Peter Sharps, Jr.,
and John A. Creveling, Feb. 2, 1839; Johu Carter, Robeit S. Kennedy,
and Spencer C. Smith, June 6, 1848; James Stewart and John Kelly,
May 4, 1851; William Stewart, Peter Pursell, and John P. Smith, July
26, 1857 ; William Carpenter, Peter S. Robbins, Robert S. Kelly, and
William H. Hamlin, Sept. 8, 1866; Joseph W. Carter, Sept. 27, 1873, the
last five constituting the present Session. Of those who were ordained
to the office of deacon, the following is a list: John Carter, Spencer

C. Smith, Robert S. Kennedy, Henry Gardner, John Kelly, aud Jesse
Stewart were ordained Feb. 21, 1841; William Stewart, William J. Fish-
baugh, and Henry R. Kennedy, July 30, 1848; Peter Pursell, Robert L.
Cline, and William Carpenter, April 8, 1849; John H. Hamlin, Robert
K. Hamlin, Spencer C. Pursell, Philip L. Hawk, aud Joseph W. Carter,
in 1869; Lefferd H. Pursell, John Hart, and Joseph F. Young, May 1,
1S70. 1 '

Feb. 7, 1835, Rev. D. X. Juukin "received a unani-
mous call from the congregation, and on March 25th
was ordained to the ministry and installed as pastor of
the church. He continued with this people until 1851
(when he accepted a call to the F Street Presbyte-
rian Church of Washington City). During the first
year of his pastorate in Greenwich the structure of
1775 was taken down and the present edifice erected,
the building committee having been the venerable
William Carter, then an elder of the church, Robert
H. Kennedy, and John A. Creveling. All of the
stones needed, in addition to those of the old building,
were taken from the hillside beyond the mill, and
were the gift of Mr. Kennedy, besides a liberal cash

The succeeding pastor was Rev. A. H. Hand, who
was called June 17, 1851, and was installed Sept. 2,
1851, continuing here until November, 1870, more
than nineteen years, when he accepted a call to the
church of Palisades, N. Y.

The present pastor, Rev. Thomas S. Long, was in-
stalled May 18, 1871. Under his ministry the church
enjoys a high degree of prosperity.


A Sabbath-school organized in the Stewart school-
house as early as 1819 or 1820 formed the nucleus of



a later church organization. The building was located
on the site of the old stone school-house, a short di -
tance south of the- village, on the road to Bloomsbury.
Here the Kev. Mr. Sloan conducted his catechetical
examinatioDs, though it is not known thai other re-
ligions services were held there. Within that old
building, now no longer in existence, many a chapter
of tin- Bible was memorized and recited by a genera-
tion that is rapidly passing away. This Sabbath-
school was continued until 1*1", when it was merged
into the more rerently organized one whieh met in
the academy at Stewartsville.

In I s;;7 the presenl academy was built, and in De-
cember of the Bame year dedication Bervices were
conducted by Rev. I). K. Jun kin, pastor of the Green-
wich Presbyterian Church, and Rev. Daniel Miller,
of the St. James Lutheran Church. Prom this date

until the erection of a church edifice in l.S.'iO the pas-
tors of these churches preached in the ncadeiin once
in four week-. A union Sabbath-school was also or-
ganized, which continued in a flourishing condition,
with Elder Robert 8. Kennedy as superintendent,

Mlti] B School Was organized in the church in 1858.

I N 1849 the expediency of erecting a house of wor-
ship in the village of Stewartsville was agitated bj the
I ■:■. -h\ ten us redding in the viiimty d the vdl iga
The interests of the community called for a weekly
service, and many of the citizens were obliged to make
weary pilgrimage, to neighboring churches for the
purpose of regular Sabbath worship. The matter was
first brought before the Session of the Greenwich

Church on .Ian. I. 1S..0, hut it met with little encour-
agement. At a subsequent meeting, held January
BUt, at the academy, it was unanimouslj resolved by
the citizen- that step- be al once talon to Becurea

separate organization and creel a suitable ehuivh

edifice, Upwards of $2 WO was at once subscribed.
no March :, i860, the Presbytery granted the re-

cplesl of the petitioners lor the new organization,

notwithstanding the remonstrances of the I Ireenw ich
Church. Accordingly, on May 29, 1850, the Stew-
artsville Presbyterian Church was organized with 76

ii i -.."'loi v, bom were from thet Ireenwicht Ihurch,
!t from the Scott's Mountain ( 'huivh. 8 from Harmony,

2 from Mansfield, and the remainder from other place-.
\l the -amc time Me-r-. I'hinea- Barber, Daniel

Eulshizer, Robert S. Kennedy, ami William .1. Beers
were elected and installed ruling elders of the new


The church edifice, a frame building capable of

seating aboul 500 | pie, was dedicated on the fire!

Sahhath of January, 1851. The controversy growing
oui of this church was not easily settled. The mem-
bers of the Session who had formerly been members
bf the Greenwich Church, feeling thai unjusl reflec-
tions had been made upon their ives and c lucl

in the matter, and entered on the record- of the Green-
wich Church, complained to the Presbytery, and

finally carried the mailer to the Synod, who. in I Icto-

ber, 1851, appointed a committee to examine and
report. They reported thai

"After examining nil tli>- papera, doonmenla, and mlnntai and fully
two • hurchee, tfaejr are uiiauliuounly of tiu

oplnlon Una til'- whole c lucl "f tlio nvraong who engaged In and c.»r-

rled out the organization of tlo- cbnrch InSCewartavlUatag fnriu. we haTe
been abk- to dl ' i . .liable, und praiseworthy,

and deeervlng of commendation rathej Iban oenaura and dUapprobu-


A minute to this effect was entered on the Session
hook- of both churches.

May 13, 1851, Rev. George ('. Bush was in-tailed as
the lir-t pastor of the church. During a pastorate of
eleven years in the field Mr. Bush did much mission-
ary work, preaching more or less frequently on Si
.Mountain, at New Village, Broadway, Ohiontown,

Lowe's Hollow, G Ispring, and elsewhere, and had

the satisfaction of seeing the church very greatly

strengthened. Its membership was increa-cd from
76 to 222, the congregations much enlarged, and the
benevolent contributions doubled. The basement of
the church was in 1858 fitted for a Sabbath-school
room, and, the union school at the academy having
been closed, the Presbyterians and Lutherans each

organized a school. The same year a parsonage was
builton a lot selected by the pastor and occupied by
him the same year. Mr. Bush was noted for his social
qualities and his excellence as a pastor. In January,
L862, the pastoral relations with this church were dis-
solved, that he might accept a call to the church at

On Feb. lit, 1862, the church extended a unanimous
call to Rev. Samuel M. Studdiford, then of Plainfield,
X. J., who was installed April 23d, his father and
brother by invitation taking part in the installation
-erviee. Mr. Studdiford's pastorate covered a period
of four year-. Hi- ministry was eminently acceptable
to the people, and his associations with them of tin-
most genial character. He -peaks of the congrega-
tion as " united and harinonioii-," and of hi- residence
here as lull of delightful memories. During this pas-
torate 59 person- were added to the church, and a

membership of 253 were reported to the Presbytery
i it u re.
His successor was Rev. William Laurie, who had
Inn recently completed his studies al Princeton. He

was ordained and installed June 6, 1866. After a
successful mini-try. during which ill persons were
added to i| M , luneli on profession of their faith, and

24 bj htter, Mr. Lowrie ended his pastoral labors at
Stewartsville, Sept. 23, L872, and accepted a call to the
Presbyterian church of Penn Van. V "i . Rev. Wil-
liam Thomson, the presenl pa-tor. assumed charge of
the church Oct l. 1878. I nder his ministry there
have been considerable accessions to the church mem-
bership, and a degr f prosperity has been enjoyed

fullj equal to that of former j ear-.
The presenl officers of the church arc:

Danlol Bnlablier, Henry Teel, Andrew Hulahlnr, Andrew P.
Kannej, Thoa, I. Stewart, John w ■



Deacons.— Michel Cline, Peter Warman, Thomas T. Stewart, John W.
Cline, Charles Tilton.

Trustees.— John Thatcher, P. F. Hulshizer, M.D., James Vliet, A. P.
Kase, Robert Godfrey, John McKinney, J. C. Boyer.


The early records of this church having been lost
renders its complete history difficult if not impossi-
ble to compile. Doubtless it had its first inception as
early as 1750.

The first public notice of the existence of Luther-
ans in this neighborhood is found in a German publi-
cation called "Hallishe Nachrichten." From this
we learn that in 1760 letters were received from Lu-
therans living in Greenwich asking for preaching of
the gospel. The people had no doubt met and con-
ducted services in their houses, and, as was the custom
in the earlier days of Lutheranism in Pennsylvania,
had one to read from Luther's " Hauspostille," but,
feeling the need of more regular and formal service,
had written to Germany for a pastor.

From the same source is derived the information
that letters or messages were received in 1762 from
the Lutheran congregation in " Greenwich, at the
Blue Mountains." It is therefore certain that there
has been a congregation organized and worshiping
on or near the present location of St. James' for more
than 120 years.

From the earliest records which have been preserved
we learn that originally there was a union between
the German Reformed and Lutheran Churches, but,
the former becoming extinct by removals and deaths,
the Lutherans became the sole occupants of the
church and the possessors of the property, and after-
wards formed a new organization under a special con-
stitution. In its early history this church was affili-
ated with St. Michael's Lutheran Church of Phila-
delphia, and with it held the faith of the Reformation,
as declared in the Augsburg Confession, for more than
a hundred years.

The only names which have come down through
the history of the church to the present are those of
Shipman, Feit, Ensley, and Melick, but the relatives
of many others still remain in the congregation.

Tradition states that the first building for the pur-
poses of worship was constructed of logs, and was
about 30 by 40 feet in size. It was thatched with
straw, which caused it to be generally known as the
" Straw Church."

The second edifice was erected in 1790, and was of
much more desirable material. It was 40 by 50 feet
in dimensions, and built of stone. Galleries occu-
pied three sides of the house and a high pulpit stood
on one of the long sides, as was the style in early

The third building, which is the St. James of to-
day, was constructed in 1834.

The first pastor was Rev. Peter Muhlenberg, who
officiated from 1769 to 1773. His successors, with the
dates of their pastorates, were :

Revs. Christian Streit, 1773-77 ; Mr. Braas, 1777-81 ; John F. Ernst,
1781-92; John C. Yeager, 1792; Christian Enders, 1815 ; J. P.Hecht,
1815-1837;* Daniel Miller, 1837-47; J. McCron, 1847-61; J. K.
Plitt, 1801-05 ; M. H. Richards, 1865-GS ; S. Henry, 1868.

The present pastor is Rev. Mr. Hoover, formerly
of Leechburg, Pa.

" It is interesting to look over the records of St. James and note the
condition of the chnrch as indicated by the various items and incidents
therein contained.

" The congregation, just before the war of the Revolution, preseuted
many evidences of life and prosperity, young though it was. Its com-
munion list shows that, even in a sparsely-inhabited country, it is pos-
sible for large numbers of people to be gathered ; and there is no doubt
of the fact that distance and weather were but little regarded.

" The commencement of the Revolutionary struggle is very clearly in-
dicated by the diminution of the members present at communion sea-
sons, and the fewness of other items in the record shows that the con-
gregation must have passed through a trying time. The majority of the
men of the church were most probably in the army ; and the older and
younger ot the male population found themselves burdened with a
heavy responsibility.

" Very soon after the end of the win' the church again gave evidence
of its vitality. From that time to this, with a few exceptional short
periods of inactivity and indifference, the church of St. James has given
evidence that it was interested in the work which claimed its attention.

"From this congregation quite a little family of churches has sprung.
At first it received its preaching from the pastors of some large towns,
and enjoyed these services only at long intervals. Subsequently it be-
came a part of the Easton pastorate, and, being 60 near the pastoral resi-
dence, found itself in rather comfortable circumstances. In a compara-
tively few years, however, many of its members felt the necessity of a
separate organization. The effort was made, and it became a distinct

"After sustaining itself, the church began to push out its influences.
Its outposts very soon separated from the mother-church and organized
for themselves. Stewartsville, a considerable part of Riegelsville, and
Grace Chapel in Phillipsburg may be considered as having received their
life from St. James' Church, being largely made up of its members.

"Although large numbers have been withdrawn from the congrega-
tion for the formation of these churches, yet St. James has at the present
time about 250 communicant members.


The corner-stone of this church was laid in the
year 1851, during the pastorate of Rev. Mr. Plitt, it
having been a branch of the old St. James' Church
of Still Valley. The building was erected under
many discouragements by a small band of deter-
mined and liberal-minded men, directed by an effi-
cient building committee, consisting of Messrs. John
Fulmer, John H. Kase, William S. Kase, Alvah R.
Kase, and George H. Weller. The edifice was at that
time considered as substantial, and even elegant, and
gave a fresh impulse to the growth of this denomina-
tion in the vicinity.

It is a brick structure, 42 by 65 feet in dimensions,
and has a seating capacity of 500 persons. It is also
furnished with an excellent pipe organ. A parsonage
is connected with the church, which was purchased at
an expense of $3000.

The pastors since its organization have been Revs.
Heukcl, Barclay, Sheeleigh, Sikes, Sizer, and Kelly,
the last named being the present incumbent. The
Council is composed of the following members :

Elders, G. Weller, C. 1 lance, and Daniol Bloom ; Deacons, Robert Hanco,
Ilonry Frey, Samuel Lelm, and Peter Calling.

» Until this time it was connected with St. John's, Easton.



The trustees are William Tinsman, J. Bhillinger, -till in process of completion, the basement bi

J. Bhurtz, J. Dutt, and II. Stone. The present mem- cupied for religious worship. The organization is at

bership of the church is about 160. A flourishing present without a pastor.

Sabbath-school is also connected with the organiza- Another society of Christians also exists within the

tiuii. township which enjoys much prosperity.


The exact date of the formation of a class at Fines-
ville is not a matter of record, though it is certain
that a Methodist episcopal Society existed as earl]
:i L885. I >i t i-i ii lt that year a church edifice was
erected, in which services were held alternately by

the Methodists, Christians, Lutherans, and Pi

Eerians, the edifice having been erected as a union
church. In 1879 it was purchased and rebuilt by
the .Methodist denomination, who have since that
time maintained regular services. The pastor usually

resided at Bl isbury, and included this church and

congregation in his field of labor. The earliest pas-
tors Who devoted themselves to this charge in Is:'.")

mil' Revs. Benj in Reed and Abram Carhart.

Often three or lour preachers would be upon the

circuit during the same year, and as some of the min-
isters were young men, and were often removed by
the presiding elders to distant points after but six

months' service, it will be readily -ecu that it is not

an easy task to disentangle the chronology when the
time is so long past. A list of the preachers from the
year 1885 is given, In most cases it is difficult to give
the names of all the junior preachers, for the reason
just stated :

1835, u,, < :•;, Abram Carhart; 1837,

Jamea B. Turtle; 1*38, William E. Perry ; 1839, Chatties; 1840,

<;,.. ,..;.■ Banghai t,CbarIi I D em 1841, George HItcl

Herein I G i Hlti liens, Samui I ' . Abram

0w Rl hard Vanl rue; 1844, Abram Owen; 1846, Edward Page,

Jonathan 1 Crane, Jacob P. Daily, M st.rl.r-; !846,Edward Page,
Qeoi ■ Baughart, Jacob P. Dally; 1*17, George Baoghart, John
tort, E. Bandei rd,J hn K. Bun ; 184J

inin Kelly, John Fort; 1848, Benjamin Kelly, Thomaa S Dedrick;
i- 10 i B n. t,.„ kwood; i- 1, G rge Wlnao ban

i ii.-., n lh. .in Copp, William II. DIi

1864, )n. Ruwlln

67, Thomas Walton; If I. P. D S nl.nn Ooloman

William E.BIakealea; 1861 112, Chariot Walton; 1863, John r d;

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 151 of 190)