James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

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cause of liberty or of submitting to such pains and
penalties as could be legally indicted upon them. In
this work lie was heartily assisted by Evi Adams,
Esq., of Wantage, and James Davidson, Esq., of
Greenwich. During a considerable portion of the war

he acted as assistant deputy quartermaster-general,
and attended to forwarding flour, chopped feed, hemp,
etc., from this county for the sustenance and use of
the army. The three points to which supplies from
Sussex were sent were Trenton, Morristown, and New
Windsor. Cavalry-horses worn down in the service
were assigned to Mr. Anderson, who had to procure
keeping for them proper to recuperate and refit them
for the army. This office was one of great importance,
and he discharged its duties with skill and fidelity.
There were few wagons in the county, and it was
necessary to procure some from a distance. Teams
also were scarce and difficult to be obtained. The
roads were new and ill adapted to transporting pur-
poses, yet Mr. Anderson persevered until it was found
impracticable to forward supplies with the means at
command. In this emergency Washington sent an
order to Moore Furman, Mr. Anderson's principal,
empowering him to confiscate teams'whenever neces-
sary, and, where forage could not be procured by pur-
chase, to impress supplies of that also. This delicate
duty Mr. Anderson discharged with firmness, the pub-
lic service demanding extraordinary measures. If
there were complaints of individual hardships, the
general good was promoted.

The army-supplies raised in Sussex and forwarded
to the various military posts were of great service in
strengthening the sinews of war, and all who were
engaged in this useful business were quite as effect-
ually rolling on the ball of the Revolution as those
who "spent their dearest action on the tented field."

Mr. Anderson was appointed in 1785 the first surro-
gate of Sussex County, which office he held by suc-
cessive reappointments until his death, in 1807. He
was also acting clerk of the county from 1770 to 1777.

Among the papers left at his death have been found
some documents which will doubtless be of great in-
terest to the present generation. We print a few of
them below. The first is a literal transcript of the
order of Gen. Washington, above referred to, respect-
ing the impressment of teams and forage for the use
of the army :

" To MooitE Fukman, Esq., Drpvtij Q. ill. Genl:

" The present critical and important conjuncture requiring every pos-
sible effort to forward the Stores and Provisions for the use of the Army,
and the present embarrassment ill the Quartermaster General's Depart-
ment rendering it impracticable to provide compotentmeansin the ordi-
nary way, yon are hereby authorized and empowered to impress as many
teams iu the State of Now Jersey as you may find necessary for the pur-
pose above mentioned, with respect to those articles which are under our
direction. And in order that an adequate supply of forage may had, you
will provide by purchase, impress or otheiw'se the Quantity necessary,
for which this shall be your warrant.
" Giveu at Head Quart, rs,

'• Robinson House, Slate of Now York,

"July 30,1780.

u Georqe Washington."

Another of these documents shows that Robert
Morris, chief justice of New Jersey, and John Cleves
Symmes, one of the justices of the Supreme Court of
Judicature, commissioned Mr. Anderson "to take
especial recognizance, administer oaths," etc., in Sus-

SUSSEX AN'H war ken COUNTIES in the revolution.


sex County. The commission is dated New Bruns-
wick, April 10, 1778, anil signed by Robert .Morris
and John ( Sieves Symmes.

It would appear that in 1765 the stock of leather
bad become exhausted in Sussex County. Mr. An-
dei on, taking a benevolent interest in liis relative,
Mr. Joseph Collier, sends him to Trenton for a new
supply, with the following letter addressed to Mr.
Stacy Potts, of thai place, offering himself as security
tor his friend :

" Alibi.' ni'-Ht ii stranger to you, and a x*onng Fellow jmtl beginning
Id, and nothing Before Hand, and, thank God, bul llttli

Baud, 1 have, upon my relation**, Mr. J ph Collier's request, made

bold to wrlto yon lu his behair, and Desire yon - ] lot hltn have Bli ot

Eight P Isworthol Leather,and take me rot l>i* Security for that

nun ; and in so doing will much oblige

"Your Humble Sorvt.



'March 28, 1760.'

The original of which the following is a copy was
addressed to Mr. Anderson by Joseph -N. Shippen,

asking his advice as to how two negroes could In-
saved from the death-penalty —then in force — for

stealing. The writer seems to have been very much

in earnest to save the lives of these unfortunate crim-
inals, and writes:

" I'ic. Sot,— Tli.' bearer hu a Nlgro "i Hon Dopui's ami another "f

mine, under a c mltmenl to Sussex Goal, from Mr. Van Borne, for u

Ihofl fi Mr. Hoops, which cannot be tried conveniently unless !"■ «:l.

ut home, and then, I Imagine, we might have thorn tried by Ihr ■

(bur Magistrates, and an end made t" the aflair without taking their liw*.
Pray send mu your ml vice wlmt u ill In. lh.. !..-*! v\,.y I., r mi. I., mt in tin.
matter, ;>u.l 1 will thankfully reward you for it and whutever trouble
yon tnaytake In obliging ma Oue iiiin.; more, 1 beg thai yon «iil

plea " i del in b refreshments for Iiiin while he i* there as yon tliink

proper, I "ill pay it lam Kick in bed, unable t.. ride opoi I would
i myaell ..n.l consult in.' [natter rally with you.

" Know, however, that I will most assuredly reward yon to your satis*
IscUon. I cnnl at present tell you the affile exactly, but will ■

i ■ you. Excuse iiii- very Inc i ecrmwltas I write In the

greatest pain lyhik' In my bed.
"I um lir Sir,

" Voni ready Friend and very BTmblc Sevt

n Jomu?u N. SuiPPBsr.

"Oxroun, 27 June,

Col. Johs Cleves Symmes was a leading mem-
ber Of the Sussex C inittce of Safety, and one of

the eminent men of the State. In the fall of l77o he
repaired, with the battalion under his command, to
Mmris County, and formed part of the brigade under
Col. Jacob Ford. On the L4thof December of that
year, while quartered at Camden and charged with
the duty of covering the retreat of Wash
through New Jersey, Col. Ford received intelligence
thai eighl hundred British troops, commanded by
(leu. Leslie, had advanced to Springfield, four miles
from Chatham, ami he ordered Col. Symmes to pro-
ceed to Springfield and cheek the approach of the

enemy if possible. Accordingly, Col. Symmes, with
a detachment ot' the brigade, marched to that village
an. I attacked the British in the morning. This was

one of I he first checks Leslie met with alter leaving

Elizabethtown, hut other- soon followed, and his fur-
ther progress in that direction was effectually slopped.
In the skirmish at Springfield, (apt. Samuel Kuy-
kcinlal, of Sussex County, had hi- hand split from

the middle finger to the wrist by a musket-ball, — a

wound which finally deprived hiin of the u f his

ami. We find in tic records of the county, at New-
ton, that on Ech. 21. L78-2, Col. Syinnie- appeared

before ' ruisbert Sutfin, one of tin- justices of the peace
for Sussex County, and made affidavit that the con-
tents 'i a certih ite if i i 1 1 1 1 1 1 ■> given 1< him to
Capt. Samuel Kuykendal was true; whereupon the
court made the following order:

■■ The '-..Hi bavins taken tin- same mi aldoratl are of the opin-
ion tlmt tin - hi - unn. 1 Klrkendall (Kuykendal) i- entitled to
the half-pay of a Captain from tin- -«i.l seventeenth day •■! I
..in- thousand seven hundred and sevcuty-elx, mentioned In the said cur-
llflcntoof Col. Symmes; and the Court is alsu of oniulou thai the said

Capt Sa 1 Klrkendall (Kuykendal] Is capable ol doing Guard

rison Duty In the Curpe of Invalids, and order that a Certlflcal
accordingly. 11

Timothy Symmes, John McMurtry.and Isaac Mar-
tin were the judges on the bench when this order was

Col. Symmes was made one of the judges of the
Supreme < lour) ot New Jersey soon after tie- battle of
Springfield, and retired from active duty as a military
officer, lie wa-. however, prominent in civil and ju-
dicial affairs till after the close of the Revolution,

when his eminent services Were transferred to another
Ii. Id of usefulness and honor.*
Capt. Joseph Haekee, another member of the

Sussex t ininittee cf Sift-.- was in iittive service,

and distinguished himself at the battle of Minisink,
.Inly 22, 177'.'.

M\i. Sami i.i. Mi:i:ki:k was also engaged in the
battle of Minisink, in which he was wounded.

After the fearful massacre of July 20, 1779, perpe-
trated by Brant upon the defenseless settlers along
the Neversink, intelligence was immediately conveyed
by dispatch to both Sussex ami < frange Counties. Col.
Tustin, of ( roshen, summoned the officers of hi- regi-
ment, with all the men they could muster, to

-,! morning at Minisink. They promptly at-
tended to the order, and Mai. Meeker and t'apt.
Marker, of the Sussex militia, with a lone of men
under their command, also appeared at the place of

rendezvous. A council of war was immediately held.

The enemy, it Was then reported, was five hundred

strong, two hundred of whom wen- Tories painted
like Indians, and the whole under the command of

Ii was thought by < 'ol. Tustin unadvisable, with the
small force then- assembled, to attempt pursuit, hut

the impetUOUS and daring Meeker mounted his hor>c.

and, brandishing his -word, exclaimed, " Let the
brave men follow me; cowards may stay behind I"
This energetic action decided the question, tor. as

: Walpack, in tl.u
wore; also short sketch in "Bench ail



none wished to be considered cowards, all fell into line
and went in pursuit of the enemy. They marched
about seventeen miles that day, and camped upon the
ground which had been occupied the night before by
the Indians and Tories. On their way they had been
reinforced by a small detachment under Col. Hathorn,
of Warwick. Here it was discovered that the force
of the enemy was fully as great as had been supposed,
and the more cautious of the officers declined further
pursuit until their numbers should be increased by
reinforcements. Among those who advised this was
Col. Hathorn, who now, as senior officer, had assumed
command of the expedition. Maj. Meeker made
another appeal to the courage of the party, which
had the effect of overturning all dissuasive argu-
ments, and it was decided to pursue and attack the
Indians at all hazards.

On the morning of the 22d the march was resumed,
and on the summits of the hills skirting the Delaware
the Indians were discovered strolling leisurely along
about three-fourths of a mile ahead. The purpose
was now formed to push on and attack them opposite
the mouth of the Lackawaxen, where they had for-
warded their plunder, and where there was a place for
fording the river. But the wily Indians, under cover
of the hills, passed to the right and concealed them-
selves in a ravine, over which the militia forces passed
without suspicion, and were soon surprised bply the deficiency, volunteers were called for,
large bounties offered, and muster-masters appointed,
Maj. John Van Vleet beingmaster for Sussex. June
1 iih the acl of the Legislature was amended, under
which the quota of Sussex was fifty men. June 25th
recruiting-officers were appointed, ('apt. ( iem r< lb \
nolds serving for thi unty of Sussex.

The three regiments thus raised were commanded
by Cols. Matthias Ogden, Isaac Shreve, and Elias
Dayton respectively. The company officers were, —

Firsl Regiment, Capts. Jonathan Forman, John
Flahaven, Giles Mead, Alexander Mitchell, IVter V.
Vporheers, John Holmes.

Second Regiment, Capts. John Hollingshead, John
N. Cumming, Samuel Reading, Nathaniel Bowman,
Jonathan Phillips, William Helms.

Third Regiment, Capts. John Ross, William Clif-
ford, Richard Cox, Jeremiah Ballard, Joseph I. An-
derson, Bateman Lloyd.

Gen. Maxwell continued ci nander of the Jersej

Brigade until he resigned, in July, 1780. Col. Elias
Dayton, as senior ollieer, then assumed the position,
remaining until the close of the war.

The news of the cessation of hostilities was an-
nounced in the camp of the brigade April 19, 1783,
ami the ''Jersey Line" was discharged November 3d

pf thai year.

n.— THE MILITIA 1,1 \ ii S
At various times during the war New Jersey, by

reason oi its exposure to the incursions of the British
army ami the ravages of Tories and Indians, found it

necessary I bodj a certain quota of volunteers

from the militia of the different counties. These
were sometimes called " New Jersej levies" and "five
months' levies," imi were generally designated a* State
troops. Of these, Sussex County (which then em-
braced what is now Warren) furnished the following :

Under the ael of Nov. 27, 1776, for the rai
tour battalions, Sussex furnished two companies.

These, with two companies E Somerset and four

from Hunterdon, formed a battalion of which David
Chambers was colonel, Jacob West lieu tenant- colonel,

and Kuos Kelscy major. The lour battalions formed

one brigade, of which Gen. Matthias Williamson had

co land.

Under the call of Oct. i>, 177'J, tor lour thousand

volunteers for service until Dec. 20, 1779, two regi-

jnents, of ten companies each, were raised, t

which contained the Sussex • 'ounty quota. The
amended militia law of Aug. 16, 177"', gave this

county two regiments and one battalion. "Minute-

men" having been raised in Sussex, Morris, and Som-
erset, this ordinance also ordered, iii obedience to the
recommendation of the Continental < longress, that all
the counties furnish them, and prescribed the propor-
tions for each, the apportionment for Sussex being

five companies.

The Provincial ( 'ongress pa— ed an ordinance. June

1 I. I77i;. to raise the three thousand three hundred
troops called for by the Continental Congress. This

lone was divided into live battalion-, of eight com-
panies each, and the service limited to Dec. I, 1776.
( >ne of the battalions contained four companies from

Sussex I ounty I the remaining half were from Morris),

and was officered as follow-: Colonel, Ephraim Mar-
tin; Lieutenant-Colonel, John Munson; Major, I

nelius Ludlow; Adjutant, Joseph King; Quarter-
master, Joshua Gordon; Surgeon. Jonathan Horton ;
Surgeon's Male, David Ervin. This was in the bri-
gade of Gen. Nathaniel Heard.

July 111, 177ii, Congress i . •. jii. — t . o 1 the Convention
Of New Jersey to supply with militia the place- of two
thousand men of Gen. Washington's army who had
been ordered to march into New Jersey to form the
Flying Camp. One of the four battalions thus raised
contained two Sussex companies, of sixty-four men
each, Col. Marie Thompson being its commanding


Enactments regulating the militia were passed in
1777 and the Subsequent years of the war. In 177s
the militia troops were divided into brigades. In
1780 bounties of sixty dollars (Continental money)
were offered to privates for service of one month. In
17-1 the militia was tonne. 1 into three brigades in-
stead of I wo, I he troops of Sussex, with tho-o of K— ex,
Morris, etc., constituting the " Upper Brigade."


The troops of Sussex County, under this last ar-
rangement, were composed of two regiments and a
battalion, with the following offici i- :

First Regiment. — Colonel, William Maxwell, fol-
lowed successively by Mark Thompson and Lieut-
Col. Jacob West ; Lieutenant-Colonel, Jacob West,

succeeded by Matthias Shipman and by Capt. Wil-
li. on Bond; First Major. Matthias Shipman, BUC-
!■,■• ded by John B. Scott and < 'apt. John Vim Vlcct ;

s.c i Major, Edward Demand, succeeded by Lieut.

Abr. Besherer; Quartermaster, Robert Arnold; Sur-
geon, Robert ( 'uinmins.

■■/ Regiment, 'Colonel, Ephraim Martin, suc-
ceeded by Aaron Hankinson and John Seward, the
hitler promoted from rank of lieutenant-col,, ml ;

Lieutenant-Colonel, John Seward, succeeded by
Daniel Harker; First Major, .lame- Broderick and

Francis Eeadley; s id Major. Samuel Meeker;

Adjutant, Joseph Linn: Quartermaster, Isaac Hull.

succeeded by Henry Johnson; Surgi Cornelius


Battalion. — Colonel, John Clevee Bymmes,



succeeded by Capt. John Rosekranz; Major, Samuel
Westbrook and John Cortright, each successively pro-
moted from captaincies ; Surgeon, Dr. J. Avert.

The following is a list of nearly one thousand sol-
diers from Sussex County who served in the Conti-
nental army and in the State militia during the
Revolutionary war:*

Aaron Hankinson, colonel, Second Regiment, Feb. 28, 1777.

Ephraim Martin, colonel, Second Regiment, 177G; colonel in Continental

William Maxwell, colonel, First Regiment; also brigadier-general Con-
tinental army.

John Munson, colonel, Western Battalion, 1777 ; lieutenant-colonel Mar-
tin's Battalion, Heard's Brigade, June 14, 1776.

John Rosenkranz, colonel, Third Battalion, May 23, 1777; pro. from

John Seward, colonel, Second Regiment ; lieutenant-colonel Feb. 28, 1777 ;
pro. from captain.

John Cleves Symmes, colonel, Third Battalion; resigned May 23, 1777, to
accept appointment as justice of the Supreme Court of New Jersey.

Mark Thompson, colonel, First Regiment, July 10, 1776 ; lieutenant-col-
onel Stewart's battalion " Minute-Men," Fob. 15, 177G ; colonel bat-
talion "Detached Militia," July 18, 1776; resigned.

Jacob West, colonel, First Regiment, June G, 1777 ; pro. from lieutenant-
colonel; also lieutenant-colonel of Chambers' battalion State troops,
Nov. 27, 1776.

William Bond, lieutenant-colonel, First Regiment, Oct. 7,1778; pro. from
captain; also captain in Fourth Battalion, Second Establishment,
Continental army, Nov. 28, 177G; retired Sept. 26, 1780.

Daniel Harker, lieutenant-colonel, Second Regiment; resigned Feb, 6,

Matthias Shipman, lieutenant-colonel, First Regiment, June G, 1777 ; pro.
from first major; resigned Oct. 2, 1778.

Abraham Bescherer, second major, First Regiment, June 6, 1777; pro.
from lieutenant Capt. Beaver's company, First Regiment.

James Broderick, first major, Second Regiment; pro. from captain ; also
captain in Continental army in '-Spencer's Regiment," Feb. 18, 1777;

John Cortright, major, Third Battalion ; pro. from captain.

Edward Demund, second major, First Regiment, Sept. 28. 177G; resigned.

Francis Headley, first major, Second Regiment, May 23, 1777.

Samuel Meeker, captain : troop of Sussex light-horse; second uinjor Sec-
ond Regiment; pro. from captain Second Regiment, May 23, 1777;
wounded July 22, 1779 ; also major of Col. Vandike'e regiment State
troops, Oct. 9, 1779.

John B. Scott, first major, First Regiment; also captain in Continental

John Van Vlect, first major, First Regiment; pro. from captain June 6,

Samuel Westbrook, major, Third Battalion ; pro. from captain ; also major
battalion State troops. June 7, 1780.

Josc-ph Linn, adjutant, Second Regiment.

John Ityerson, adjutant, Second Regiment.

Ludlam Salmon, adjutant, First Regiment.

John Willing, ensign, Capt. Bonnell's company State troops; ensign,
Sussex; adjutant, Sussex.

Robert Arnold, quartermaster. First Regiment.

Isaac (lull, quartermaster, Second Regiment.

Henry Johnson, quartermaster, Second Regiment. (See, also, list of

Timothy Symmes, quartermaster.

Avan Ross Westhrwok, second lieutenant, Capt. Cortright's company,

* It is imposaible to give a list of all who served. Adjt.-Gen. Stryker's
published reports and rosters — the most complete of any yet issued — are
quite informal, after exhausting every available source of Information.
It is to his reports we are indebted for the compilation hero presented.
This lint does not contain the names of those from Sussox County who
served in the three com panics of artillery raised in the State (commanded
respectively by Capte. Frederick Frolinghuyson, Samuel Hugg, and Joshua
Huddy), or who enlinted in the navy or In the light-horse (cavalry) ser-
vice. The rosters of those commands do not show from what counties
the men were unlisted, and it is impossible now to Identify them.

Third Battalion; quartermaster Major VvYstbronk's battalion, State

Edward Dunlap, paymaster.
John Stiles, paymaster.
J. Avert, surgeon, Third Battalion.
Cornelius Baldwin, surgeon, Second Regiment, Feb. 28, 177G ; surgeon

Col. Hunt's battalion, " Heard's Brigade," July 8, 177G.
Robert Cummins, surgeon, First Regiment.
James Holme-, surgeon, battalion "Minute-Men," Oct. 23, 1775: also

surgeon Continental army.
David Ervin, surgeon's mate, Col. Martin's battalion, " Heard's Brigade,"

June 29, 1776; also surgeon Continental army.


Ananias Allen, captain, Second Regiment.

George Allen, captain, Second Regiment; pro. from lieutenant.

James Anderson, captain, Fiist Regiment, June 6, 1777.

William Arnet, captain.

Robert Beavers, captain, First Regiment.

Cyrus Beck with, captain, Second Regiment.

William Blain, captain.

A. Blauvelt, captain.

Jacob Bockhoven, captain, Second Regiment.

Benjamin Bonam, captain.

James Bonnel, captain, Maj. Hayes' battalion, State troops ; also captain
Continental army.

William Bull, "Spencer's Regiment," Continental army (?).

Lucas Brass, second lieutenant, Capt. Nyco*s company, First Regiment,
June 6, 1777; captain, ditto.

William Chambers, sergeant, Third Battalion; ensign, ditto; captain,

Josiah Cole, captain. Second Regiment.

Henry W. Cortright, captain, Third Battalion.

Benjamin Coykindall, lieutenant, Second Regiment; captain, ditto.

Frederick Cramer, first lieutenant, Capt. Anderson's company, First Regi-
ment, June 6,1777; captain Maj. Westhrook's Battalion State troops.

Elijah Davi^, captain, Second Regiment.

Thomas Davis, captain.

Philip Dodders, captain, Second Regiment.

Jacobus Edsall, captain, Second Regiment.

Richard Edsall, captain, Second Regiment; also first lieutenant Conti-
nental army.

Fitzgerald, ensign, Second Regiment; captain, ditto.

John Frazer, captain.

Conrad Guntennan, captain, Second Regiment.

John Halbert, captain, Second Regiment.

Joseph Harker, captain; pro. from lieutenant; wounded in action at
Lackawaxon, Pa , July 22, 1779.

Thomas Hill, sergeant, Second Regiment; captain, ditto.

Abjjah Hopkins, captain, Second Regiment.

Henry Hover, lieutenant, Third Battalion ; captain, ditto; captain Second

Manuel Hover, captain, Third Battalion; captain Second Regiment.

Jackson, captain, First Regiment.

Henry Johnson, captain, Second Regiment; also quartermaster.

Abraham Johnson, captain, First Regiment, June G, 1777.

Benjamin Kirkendall, captain, Second Regiment.

Samuel Kirkendall, ensign, Capt. Benjamin Kirkendall's company, Sec-
ond Regiment; captain, ditto.

Simon Kirkendall, captain, Third Battalion; wounded Dec. 17, 177G.

John Kirkpatrick, lieutenant, Capt. Henry Johnson's company, Second
Regiment; captain, ditto.

Christian Lougstreot, captain, Second Regiment.

Henry Luce, captain; also captain in Continental army.

Joseph Mackey, captain, First Regiment, Juno 6, 1777.

Andrew Malick, captain, First Regiment.

Reuben Manning, captain, First Regiment; captain Second Rogimont ;
captain Maj. Westhrook's battalion.

John Maxwell, captain, Second Regiment; pro. from lieutenant.

David McCauloy, captain.

Benjamin McCullough, captain, Heard's Brigade, June 14, 1776; captain
First Regiment, May 24, 1777.

Abraham McKinuey, captain.

Duncan McVickers, lieutenant, Second Regiment ; captain, ditto.

William Nyco, captain, First Regiment, June 6, 1777; captain Maj.
Westhrook's battalion Stato troops.

John Petty, captain, First Regiment, Juno G, 1777.



Jonatl Plttman, captain, Second Regiment

Julin Pittlntier, enpt , Fir.-t Regiment, June D, 1777.

Peter Putnam, captain.

George Reynolds, capti I i ec md llentennnl in Continental army.

George Rlbble, captain, Fliet Regiment Feb. 21, 1770.

Obadfah Seward, captain, Sec i Reg int; pro. from lieutenant

Peter It. Shaver, captain, Sec I Regiment.

Abraham Shinier, captain, Third Battalion.

Henry Shule, Unit lieutenant, Copt. Rlblle'a company First Regiment,

Feb. 21, I77L; capt 'Hit.,.

Sir sir r.m, captain, Second Regiment

David Snmlley, ensign, Col. Hunt's battalion; ensign Ool.Th peon's

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 16 of 190)