James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

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tract purchase. I of Kirkull by Beatty.

Ill' Howell- located on the east side of the town-
ship, mar when- now stands the Union Methodist
Episcopal church. Sampson Howell was the pioneer
of that name, and many of the Howell descendants
still live iii that locality. John, father of Levi How-
ell, located mar where the old church stands, in

the latter part of the last century. The Albertsons,
l'luinmerfclts, Dilts, Merrills. Vansickles, and Stiffs
wen- ami i he east side of the

township. The Swayzes settled west of the village
of Hope, along Muddy Brook. They came from
Wales, and one of these brothers, Barnabas, settled
where Asa Swayze, Sr., now lives, Here is where Asa

land his father ami grandfather, both named Joseph]
was born, in 1805, and where he has always lived.

Philip Triller was also one of the pi ser settlers

in this part of the township, and located on the farm

fl here 1 >a\ id Brands now lives.

Captain James Doddy was the original settler on
the farms now owned by Barclay Brands and George

Among the other early settlers in the west part of
the township, were the Gibbs, Osborn, Van Horn,

Jirands, and Everett families.

In the SOUtb end were the Yleit, Moore, Hill, Flem-
ing. I lender-hot, Wild rick. Stout, iloagland, Stevens,

Parks, Bree, Ketcham, Bartow, and Dill families.

Thomas Green located on the farm where Thomas
West now lives, in the latter part of the last century.
lie took up 1200 acres of land, covering the hamlet
of Mount llermon and the farms of Joseph Ki-h-
paugh, Ii. Iloagland, Henry Smith. Isaiah Ililde-
lirand. Daniel 'tin-man. Edward Lanning, and Mrs.

Aaron Read, another pioneer of the last century,
took up a large tract of land now owned by the heirs

of Samuel Read.


When the Moravians built the grist-mill, they, in

their wise ecoi iy, finished off apartments in the

second story of the mill for the accommodation oi the
miller and his family, and this was the residence of

the original miller of the "Hop," grist-mill. The

miller had a pretty daughter, whose beauty attracted

the attention of a neighboring farmer's son, who be-
gan paving her hi- !>c-t respeCtB, and when a number
Of visits had been paid and repaid with interest, and

the youthful pair began to look with pleasure upon
the day. not far distant, when their happiness would

be completed In the marriage now. tin- "old man.''



who had been consulted, dashed their hopes by an
emphatic " no." He also warned the young man to
discontinue his visits, and forbade his daughter ever
again seeing him. She was one of those industrious,
useful German girls, and assisted her father around
the mill, and especially in hoisting grain into the
upper stories of the mill, while her father was busy
attending the grists. It occurred to her that she could
hoist a man as well as a grist and land him safely on
the upper floor of the mill. The idea was communi-
cated to her lover, who soon after presented himself
and was safely stowed away among the rubbish in the
attic. While the miller was innocently attending to
his duties on the first floor, the young couple were
worshiping at the altar of Cupid on the fourth. The
hoisting and lowering business, proving a success, was
continued for some time, when the proper arrange-
ments were made, and the miller's pretty daughter

became Mrs. . They then settled down to real life,

became useful- and respected citizens, beloved by all
who knew them, and a blessing to that part of Hope
in which they for many years after lived.


The old pioneer Joseph Swayze, grandfather of
Asa Swayze, Sr., was about to build a grist-mill at
what is known as "Swayze's Mills," when the Mora-
vians (for fear of opposition) sent him the following
letter of remonstrance:*

" Hope, 27 April, 1787.
" Worthy Friend and Neighbor :

"We have now lived 17 years in good understanding- and neighbor-
hood together, so as to become neighbors who confess themselves Chris-
tians, and we hope it will remain so all the days of our lifes.

"We of late have heard that you have resolved to build a Grist-Mill,
but we are as yet in the dark, and cannot comprehend what may be or
can be your motive for so doing, especially as we take you to be a man
of good insight, knowledge, and understanding. Therefore it is still a
question with us. What is the reason ? Is it to increase your fortune
by it? Here we must tell and assure you that your income and profit
arising by that motive will not nigh balance the loss we sustain by it.

" We therefore, dear friend, would earnestly ask and pray you to con-
sider the affair in its inner light, and if you do that sincerely and with
companionate miud, you will find, — 1st, At what a great expense we have
been in bringing our Mill, in order to serve the neighborhood as com-
modious as can be; and 2d, What great benefit the neighborhood de-
rived these 17 years past of this mill ; and here we must needs inform
you that all the income of the mill, as well as all the rest of our trading,
after the homeward expenses are discharged, are wholly and solely ac-
counted to the benefit of the Gospel, to promote the same among Chris-
tians and Heathens, and especially for the support of our Missionaries
amongst the Heathens; and whosoever gets acquainted witli and knows
it, what an Ocean of Expense the Brethren are at to maintain their
missions in all parts of the world, will and must give the praise to our
Lord the Saviour of Heathen, who hath brought to their Eternal Salva-
tion many thousands of them, and admire how wonderfully he has as-
sisted us to discharge all its immense expenses occurring by that under-

"We really believe that if you weigh and consider the matter truly,
and especially if you combine with it what our Saviour says, — Mat. vii.
12: 'All things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye
even so to them.'

"The matter will appear to you in the same point of view, which
causes us to remonstrate against the undertaking. And as far as we can
learn, there are but very few, even in your neighborhood, who give ap-
plause to the same, but say with us that the Merciful Father in Heaven

* The letter is now in the possession of (he venerable Asa Swayze.

hath hitherto blessed you with wealth, and will further do it, as long as
you give to Him the praise, without your putting yourself to such tire-
some trouble.

"Now dear neighbor, these our Minds which we have communicated
to you, flow not out of hearts of hatred against you, but more out of
grevious foresight, that our mill will be out of its recourse and in future
contribute but little to the above-mentioned expenses, and we beg your
pardon, and hope you will not take it amiss of us, as shall still remain
your well-wishing friends and Neighbors.

(Signed) "Frederick Linebach,

"Bernard Ad Grobe,
"Daniel Hauseer,
"Adolph Hartmann,
"John Luckenbach,
"Stewards of the Church and Congregation at Hope.""


The pioneer physician of Hope was a Dr. Palmer,
who was followed by Dr. Fell, and he was succeeded
by Dr. Setli Hamilton. Dr. Gideon L. Leeds located
at Hope village in 1812, and Dr. Fiteh came in 181S ?
and is still a resident of the village. Drs. Leeds and
Fitch were very successful in their dealings with the
many ills that human flesh is heir to, and both had a
very extensive practice, extending over the whole
north half of Warren and the west part of Morris
and Sussex Counties. Their successors at Hope are
Drs. A. L. Gibbs and R. A. Stewart, who are the
present practicing physicians of this town.


The civil history of this township dates from 1839.
The following is a copy of the record of the first

" Hope, April 8, 1839.

" The following is a statement of the names of persons and the offices
to which they were elected, together with all other proceedings hud at
the annual town-meeting of the township of Hope, held at the house of
William Hibler, in the village of Hope, in said township, on the 8th day
of April, 1S39: John Allen, Moderator; Samuel Hibler, Town Clerk;
Nathan Stinson, Assessor; Levi H. Hazeu, Collector; Amos H. Drake,
James Van Horn, Chosen Freeholders; Asa Howell, Isaac K.Newman,
Samuel Blair, Commissioners of Appeals; John Hill, Jacob Swisher,
Samuel Hibler, John Hay, Jr., Samuel A. Vansickel, Town Committee;
James Hoagland, Judge of Election; Henry Decow, Charles Swayze,
Constables; Daniel Mixsell, Overseer of the Poor; George W. Smyth,
James C. Fitch, Samuel Hibler, School Committee; James Blair, Jonah
Turner, William Hibler, William P. King, John Ketcher, Lewis Young-
blood, Pound-keepers ; Jeremiah King, Asa C. Howell, Isaac Read, John
J. Snyder. Asa Kerr, George Whitesell, Nathan Park, Jacob Albert,
Nicholas llulsi/.er, Levi H. Hazen, Cornelius Causcoder, John Hay, Jr.,
James Falkner, John Heldebrant, Overseers of Highways.

"Resolved, To raise by tax for opening, making, and repairing of High-
ways the sum of $800.

" Wages for one hand per day for work on roads the sum of seventy-five

" Wages for work of one hand and team on the road one dollar and
fifty cents per day.

"Proceeds of surplus revenue to be received by this township, appro-
priated tu the support of common schools.

"All public business of the township to be transacted at the house of
William Hibler, in the village of Hope.

" Attest,
'Samuel Hjulkk,
" Town Cleric'

'John Allen,

We herewith give a complete list of town clerks,
assessors, collectors, chosen freeholders, town commit-
tees, and justices of the peace, with the years in which
they served, from 1839 to 1880:



[838 12, Samuel Hlbler; 184a 16, Junes K.8wayz«; 1846 '2, All

sell; 1863-66, Aaron W. Buckley; I Gi I L. Woolvorton;

. 19, Alfred Hlxsell; I860, Daniel Bwayze; 1861, W
Henry; 1802-68, Quintal Shnler; ISM 06, Charles II I
72, Charles Fleming; 1878-74, William I • », Henrj

Woolverton; 1881, William P. Allen.
I J39- B, Nathan Btlnson; 1848-44, George Qayea; 1846, Amen n. Draki .
1840-4K, Aur.in I.. Fleniiug; 1840 >1, David B. Stiff; 1862
Hayes; 1864, John B, Flommorfclt ; 1866, Edwin B. Bowel
;-, John 0. Curtis; 1868, Aaron 1.. Fleming; 1869-01, Bdwln B.

Howell; 1802 91, Ji lin B. Floi rfelt


1839-40, Levi II. Ilu/.n; 1841-42, Alfred Hlxsell; 1843 16, G JO II.

Beatta ;1840 18, E Ill' Shener ; 1849, Thomas G. Caw; I

Dill; is .1 i ■., John J. Ill* rl on ;1864, A Be o , I >, 1 b m

Q Case; 18 i6, Ai Barm I ■ Gldi on] Bn ■■

II. Beatt] . 1860 Bl.Gld i I.. Albertson; 1862 64, Andrew Flom -

relt; 181 i, Jai V, Uny; 1806, Nelson Vli. it; 1861 72, Aaron W.

Dav], ; 1873-78, I harle H I ike; 1879-80, Andrew II H
1881, AlTln A, Van Horn.

1839, Amos H. Drake, Jnmi Fan Horn; 1840 I in llborteon, Samuel
Blair; 1841-48, James Flemiug, [saac albertson; 1844, John Dill,

James Fleming; 1846, John Fl icrfelt, John Dean; 1840, John

Dean, Petei H Blair, William Prall; 1847,Petei W. Blair, Sa 1

,\. Fanayokli , 1848, Samuel A. Vansyekle, Jamei Blali

Jo i i.i dr, li I " In I Fames K, Swayxe; I

George B. Convlu 1869, John - Fl i rfelt;18l I, Danli I U. Tine-
man; 1861 68, Johu C. Curtis ; 1864 00, George 11. Beattj
James K. Swayae; 1870-72, John

lug; 1878 T7, Daniel U.Tlnsman; 1878-79, Caleb Swayxe; 1880-81,
Isaac 8. Sillier.

i I,,, mil, Jacob Swisher, Samuel Hlbler, John Hay, Jr., Samuel
A. Tan |
John Dill, Jumes K. Swayxe, Jacob Swisher, Israel Swayxe,
Samuel \ Van
1844.— Daniel MUsell, Nolsou Vllot, ] is I i ■ ■■ ■ . J u b Swisher, John
Hay, Jr.

Daniel ttixaell, Natl ; ■ .John

,., n, „,. ,. i ., . ■. I eph Osmun, Levi H. Hazen,

1 II. I I, ,,,!,,

i-i7. Nathan Stln on Qooi i ii Buotty, Ho i n i li ml i . '■

Cs , .i. ph Oamnu.
1818.— Thome G. Cs Qeoi H. Beutty, Nath 31 W llliam 0.

Stevens, Boberl 1. Vansycklo, J ph Merrill,

... orgs H, Beatty, Nathan Stlnson, William 0. Stevens, Robert I..
, . i , morfelt.

i- io. v, , ' mt, Nathan Stlnson, William Kunl in

Blair, J. 0. Hlldc

1861.— Joseph Merrill, Robert S. Vansyekle, William L. Bunion, Samuel
Blair, Qldeon I. Howoll.

i i .i B. Glbbs, Anthony J. Osn William it.

i tei , Gideon i. line
, ,roeUus Wellor, Thomn G Case, Levi B Qibbs, Anthony J.

i . mi» rtson.

18M.— A." i i D v. ■ I D ii i B. Stiff, ■< - oh Albort,

a Well
I-,, William Drat ,G I. Howell, William 8. Hildebrant, Zll
Jacob i

i Cox, J. Albert, Nelson Vllet, William l„ Runyon,
David B. Stiff.
.i I |

,i,,, i.,ii, .h , William T, Henry, i I F. ] Cox, I. 9.

1800.— I. 9 B id, ii Fohn Dill, Jr.

i„ i [. 8. Bead, J. F. i I - srl ■■ ,8 I ' FJ. Oorwlo.

1862. — Faoob R I Fl .-, S. t. I oame,G B. Oorwln,

.i.hi, i

Flemli r, B im
John I ii

1885.— Amos H. Drake, Aaron W. Davis, J. R. Letaon, J. Cummins, 8. F.

1866.— J. K. .<»■«)/, ■ ' Q. H. Beatty, William T. Honry, A.

E3 i laming,
1807-08.— C. U. Hi W. T. Henry, Charles 6. Cox, J. K.

1809.— J. K. s«.i>/.-, G. II Beatty, W. T Henry, s,. G. Park, Isaacs.


Cummins, John D1U, Jr., Charles li. Cooke, I. 3, HUler, v> .

1871-72.— J. Cummins, John Dill, Jr., C. H. « ke, I S Miller, T. P.

i , ams
1878-74.— John Cummins, John Dill, Jr., I.S. Miller, T. P. Kroamo, A.

W. Davis.
1876.— J. Cummins, J. Dill, 1. B. Ulller, James l'. Fleming, David An-

1871 Henry Aten, Caleb Bwayxe, I. B. Miller, J. F. Fleming, D. An-

1877-78.— Henry Alen, Jamas A. Swayxe, I. S

1879. — I. 1. i lemlng, I B Miller, II. Aten, O. I.. Albertaon, David 1.

1880.— J. F. Fleming, 8te|>l,. ,, A. M ,i. , .lames Cyphers.

.N si [I ES OF ' 'EAI I.

i rid A. Vansyekle; 1867, Gabriel Woolvorton, k> lill .
1860, Jan..- v. Hay, Gabriel Woolvorton ; 1866-70, Gabriel Woolver-
ton, William T. Henry; 1st;.. I us P. Froame, Gnbrl,


The |>i Tsons fleeted ill the spring of 1SKII e 1 1 r 1 mil

qualify, and there is do justice of the peace in the


This village, founded bj the Moravians, or United
Brethren, in L769, and for o short time the seat of
justice for Warren County, i- located in the north
half of the township, a( the terminus of the Hope
and Elizabeth turnpike, [tie 12 miles from the cele-
brated Water Gap, 16 from Newton, 9 from IV] v Hen-,
and ii from Blairstown, it- nearest railroad Btation.
It is beautifully Bituated among the hills, Dear the
head-waters of Beaver Brook, upon the banks of
which the village is built. The Moravians bad here
a church, store, tavern, grist-mill, and several dwell-
ing -. all one storj high and buill of st<

About L800 other settlers began to make inroads
upon the Moravians, by purchasing here and there a

lot, and soon the eountrv around them began to fill

up with another class of people, and in 1805 or 1806

the Moravians -urrendered Io the invaders, and the

larger pari of the brethren returned to Bethlehem.

Their church passed out of their hand- and became
a hotel, their mill was -non owned bj another party.
and this distinct and separate people soon dwindled
down to a very i>w persons, and to-daj there remains
but one person, (i - ge Scheiner, known as a Mora-
vian '.n their once prosperous community in Hope.

The first t:i\ i 1 M at this place was built by thi Mora-
vians, on the site now occupied by the Christian
church, and «a- subsequently destroyed bj fire and
never rebuilt.

The next tavern at I [ope was kept by < teorge I [aj s,
on the corner of Walnut and Main Streets, in the




stone building now occupied by Edwin Turner as a

William Hibler kept a tavern in what is now John
Freese's house on Main Street.

Teunis Allen kept the old Moravian tavern, and dur-
ing his administration it became a place of resort for
the " sports" of ye olden time. Here, too, the justices'
courts were held, and on such occasions it was a real
" gala day" for court-goers and sight-seers. Here,
too, the town-meetings and elections were held, and
on those days flowed forth from the lips of the con-
tending parties the merits and demerits of their re-
spective candidates for office.

These were the days of the old stage-coach and
four. Daily the old " Concord" would be hauled up
in front of the old tavern, heavily laden with passen-
gers and baggage. Then railroad accommodations in
this State were unknown. Nathan B. Luse was the
proprietor of the old stage-line running through here
from Elizabeth to Easton.

John Vankirk succeeded Allen in the old Mora-
vian tavern, and kept tavern there several years.

The nest tavern in this place was in 1828, when
William Hibler purchased the Moravian church and
converted it into a hotel.*

In this building (now the Union Hotel), in 1824,
the first courts for Warren County were held, and
thus Hope became a rival of Belvidere when the
question of a county-seat was to be determined. Mr.
Hibler sold the property in 1841 to Caleb Swayze and
George H. Beatty, when Mr. Beatty kept the hotel for
seven years, and in 1868 or 1869, H. W. Rundle, the
present owner, purchased the hotel property.

The lower story of the south end of the American
Hotel was originally one of the Moravian houses, and
was occupied as a doctor's office by Gideon L. Leeds,
M.D., and owned by Daniel Mixsell, who sold it to
Abraham Freese, who built the additions to its pres-
ent size, and in 1844 converted it into a hotel, and is
now kept by Gideon L. Howell, better known as
" Doc" Howell, because named after Dr. Gideon
L. Leeds.

Owing to one of the peculiarities of the Moravians,
that of having every trade represented among them-
selves, it is very probable that theirs was the pioneer
store in Hope, as that would naturally be a means of
increasing their revenue for the support of their mis-

As early as 1790, Adam Hibler kept a store in the
long, one-story stone building on the lower road, north
of the grist-mill. This was one of the Moravian
buildings, and very likely used by them for mercan-
tile purposes. Joseph W. Dye succeeded Hibler in
the mercantile business.

* At the time he purchased the church ho purchased the land west of it,
on the south side of Main Street, as far as the cemetery. Thou there were
no churches on the land, and hut one or two houses. In 18:32 this Wil-
liam Hibler took the contract for hauling the stone for the EpiBcopal
church, for tho basement of the Methodist church, and for the dwelling
in which Caleb Swayze now lives.

In 1800 there was a store in the old, long, frame
building on northeast corner of Walnut and High
Streets, kept by John Blair. He was one of the suc-
cessful pioneer merchants of Hope. J. A. Christian
now occupies the same room as a stove- and hardware-

In 1818, Gershom Courson kept a store in the old ■
stone building west of what is now Gibbs' drug-store.
Peter W. Blair was one of Hope's early merchants,
and was soon followed by George D. Turner, in the
stone building on the northwest corner of Walnut
and High Streets, now occupied as a store by Edmund

All the trades, such as blacksmiths, shoemakers,
tailors, harness-makers, etc., were carried on by the
Moravians, and who their immediate successors were
in the several branches we are unable to state.

The following comprises the present (1881) busi-
ness interests of the village of Hope, together with
the names of the parties engaged.

Two hotels, — the " Union," by H. W. Rundle, and
the "American," by G. L. Howell. There are three
general stores, kept by John Freese, Edwin Turner,
and Alpheus Swayze ; one drug-store, by A. L. Gibbs ;
one hardware-store, by J. S. Christian ; merchant
tailor and furnishing-store, by Benjamin Harrison ;
harness-maker, John F. Galloway ; foundry and ma-
chine-shop, by Ateu & Woolverton ; three blacksmith-
shops, James Carson, F. H. Christian, and Cunning-
ham Brothers ; wheelwright-shop, by John H. Black ;
shoe-shop, by R. Bartron ; furniture and undertaking,
by William A. Crosen ; two markets, by A. Gruver
and William Miller. The physicians are A. L.
Gibbs and R. A. Stewart, who are in practice, and
the venerable Dr. Fitch, retired.

The first postmaster at this place was James De
Witt, Esq. Peter W. Blair was postmaster in 1846. Mr.
De Witt held the office for twenty-five or thirty years.
Caleb Swayze was appointed postmaster by President
Lincoln, and was superseded by an appointee of Pres-
ident Johnson. Edmund Turner is the present in-


is a beautiful hamlet in the northwest corner of the
township, near the headwaters of Muddy Brook, and
better known for the last eighty years as Green's
Chapel, from the fact that Thomas Green was the
pioneer settler at this place, and in 1798 founded the
Methodist Episcopal church here, after whom it is
named. Mr. Green owned the land upon which the
hamlet is located. The name of the place was
changed by the pupils in the Honeywell Academy at
this place, in 1849, to Mount Hermon. In the fall of
1875 a post-office was established here with that
name, and Aaron Read appointed postmaster, who
kept the office at his house till 1877, when he resigned,
and Jefferson Toiler was appointed. He is the present



The first store- at this place was opened by Ji Hereon
Loller in 1878, and he is also the pioneer shoemaker
of .Mount Sermon. The first blacksmith at this place
was Charles Beebe, who located here in 1879. The
pioneer carpenters were George Flummerfelt and
'I'll. .ma- At. II, who are l>"ili dead. John Flummerfelt
is the i.n-. ni carpenter and builder of Monnl Her-
mon, while John Leteon is the village stone-mason.
I,, the earlj pari of this .-.1111117 there were two or
three <li. lilleri. 111 thlO vi n::l\ win -h have all gone
to decay. There are al present at this place one
church, school-house, store, post-office, blacksmith-
shop, and about a dozen dwellings, mostly aew.

Tow \sm KY

This is a small hamlet in the south part of the
township, in tin- Pequest valley and on tin- line of the
Lehigh and Hudson Railroad, It derives it- name
from a former landowner.

This part of I In- township i- on tin- Coxe tract, ami
thai portion on which Townsbury i- situated was pur-
chased of Coxe !>y a man iiaim-d Mcng, who built a
mill on tin- site of the old grist-mill at this place, and

lor many years this place was known a- "Meng's

Mill.'' gfarch 1, 1783, John Meng, John Town, Wil-
liam Goodwin, and John llcnd.-rson sold the Towns-
bury tract to William Shephy. William Sheph-y

and Margaret, his wife, conveyed it (April 7. 1 7-^7 1

to Benjamin Town. The last named was hopelessly

in debt to John Field and Curtis Clay, of Philadel-
phia, and finally was compelled to convey his prop-
erty to them. [Deed of il.'IU acres in Oxford, dated
Feb. I, 1788, from Benjamin Town and Abigail, his
wife, to John Field and Curtis Clay]. Ai the same
time, and in the same deed, Town conveyed property
in Philadelphia, Northumberland Co., Pa., and in

Virginia, which i- e\ id. ice that he was a large land-
owner. According t<> the best information now obtain-
able the Townsbury property about 1820 passed into
the hands ,,1 Jacob Johnston, and from him to John
Drake and K. 1 1, llulick, and in 1840 it was owned

by Lewis .1. Youngbl I, and in 1854 the property

was purchased by Nelson Vliet, who subsequently

-old a part of the property to Adam and Andrew Y.

Stiff, l. P. Frome and Jacob S. Henry then owned
the Townsbur} property. The property was then
owned by John Green, who sold to David Anderson.

The Old grist-mill is over one hundred year- old.
The water-power at Townsbury is one of the best

mill-sites on the Pequest.

There are in this township sis school districts, as


Hope District, No. 64, 1 In the north half of tha township. Total

a iiiii 1. Mired lor school school property,

•4000; whole numbs] ■■! children between Bro and eighteen j

months taught, 8; numberol children enrolled on school register, 78;

arerage attendance, 00; numboi ol ■ i.il ion school-house will scat, 100.

The history of tin- public school :it Hop.- is as fol-
lows :*

The- Oral school of Hope was organized 1807, In an old shop at the south
end of what Is now the Methodist Episcopal parsonage. The furniture
consist i of hi. unpinned -■iik board nailed to the wall for ■> desk, and a

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 167 of 190)