James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

. (page 170 of 190)
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has always done what was in his power to promote
church and educational interests. His wife and
daughter are members of the Protestant Episcopal
Church, Hope. He is a man of sound judgment,
honesty, and integrity of purpose, and respected by
all who know him.


II u:\ioxy lias 1k-i-ii for less than hull' a century an
independent township, having been until 1889 a por-
tion of ( rreenwicb and Oxford. In dimensions are
six miles long by five miles in breadth. Its western
and northwestern borders are washed by the Dela-
ware, while I >xford bounds il on the north, Franklin
lies "ii the southeast, and Lopatcong on the Bouth.

Harmony ha- an area of 18,881 acres, much of whirl,
is cultivated. The total valuation of real estate in

1880 was $789,891, of personal property, $345,880, and

the total amount of taxable property $887,178. The
Belvidere division of the Pennsylvania Railroad fol-
lows the Delaware along the western border of the
township, having a station at Martin's Creek and Bag-
ging-stations at Hutchinson's and Roxlmrg.

il— natural featoees.
The Burfaceof Harmony presents a varied aspect,

being Composed Of both mountain and valley. The

Scott's Mountain follows the western line of the town-
ship, and Marble Mountain and a spur known as
Ragged Ridge extend from northeast to southwest
through the centre.

The soil of the township is somewhat varied in

character. The flat land along the Delaware and ex-
tending for some distance from its shores is princi-
pally i tposed of lime-tone. That on the Marble

Mountain is also limestone intermixed with
more or less stone.

The land upon Bcotfs Mountain is considerably
modified in it- Btrength bj an admixture of gravel,

with sand in localities. There is a small proportion
of wet land, though the larger portion of the soil may

be regarded as fertile and productive.

The town-hip has an ample Supply of water. The

Delaware Bows upon it- western side, and the Lopat-
cong Creek rises in the Scott's Mountain, and. flowing

southwest through Han y. pours its water- into the

Delaware. Merrel's Brook has its source at Mon-
tana, in the mountains, and flows southwest to Stcw-

With its undulating surface and variety of land-

Harmony may justly lay claim to being one of
the most picturesque township- of the county.

It is probable thai there were many families in the

town-hip prior to the Revolutionary war. but no rec-

• Hy K. 0. W.ignor.

ord of their -ettlement ha- been preserved, which ren-
ders it diilienlt to trace the early pioneers to Harmony.
Godfrey Person, who located al Lower Harmony be-
fore tic war, and during it- progress was a popular
landlord, was unquestionably among them. The Van-
atta family may also lay claim to some distinction as
among the advance guard to break the soil of this
town-hip, and the Hough brothers were doubtless

here as early as 1 7 7 1 > .

The latter are of English extraction, and, emigrating

from liivat Britain, chos,- a home on American soil.
Two -oiis. John and Abel, who had previously re-

sided in Greenwich, ca to the township, and pur-
chased land at Martin's Creek, and later a tract
which is now occupied by William Vanatta. John,

who wa- a bachelor, died in 1859, ^ aged eighty-five
years, :l nd was buried in the cemetery near the Pres-
byterian church. Abel, who was married, left a
daughter, Mrs. Joseph Mackey, who now resides in


The Vanatta family are of Holland descent, three
brothers, John, Benjamin, and Cobus, with their
parents, having left the Fatherland and located at
Etaritan in 1770. The father having died, the -"il-.
with their mother, removed to Harmony, and -

near Roxburg. They together purchased 1200 acres

of land, which was divided, ami upon which they
settled and remained during their lifetime. Richard
Angle now lives on a portion of this land, which has
Since that date passed out of the family. The line of
descent in the Vanatta family cannot he readily traced.
There are several branches now in Harmony, the -i\lh

generation being represented within the town-hip

limit-. There is reason to BUppOSe that these families
have a common ancestor in John, one of the original

brothers. There are among the descendants William.
wle.-e Father was named John; Silas 1'... who i- the

son of Samuel; John .1.. whose father wa- Isaac; and
I W., also the BOn Of John. With the exception

of the hitter, all of these follow agricultural pursuits.

.lame- and John Davidson came to Harmony - i

after the arrival of the Vanatta hrothers, having been

of hi-h extraction. They located upon the farm now
owned by Samuel Hyel, though owners of many hun-
dred acre- of land in addition to this.

John Davidson was :[ bachelor, and lived an iso-
lated life. James married and had three sons, Rob-
ert, Archibald, and .lame-, allot' whom an- decea-ed.
\ of the family, with the exception of Andrew, a

grandson of i; foert, now reside in Harmony.



Peter Youngs, a soldier of the Revolution, came
from Hunterdon County in 1783, as is indicated by
old deeds now in possession of the family, and located
on the farm now occupied by his grandson of the same
name. He had seven children, — John, Peter, Mary,
Henry, Catherine, William, and Jacob,— all of whom
were residents of the township and are now deceased.
The sons of Peter and John live in and near Roxburg.
A daughter of William, Mrs. John Miller, resides in
Upper Harmony. The sons of Henry are Peter and
William, both of whom are farmers, and the former
now owner of the paternal estate.

The property now owned and occupied- by Irwin
Miller was as early as 1750 deeded to one" George
Reading. It later came into possession of Philip
Hendersbott, and "in the year 1787, the eleventh
year of American independence," as specified in the
deed, it was conveyed to Jacob Myers, and by him
transferred to Andrew Miller and Philip Miller in
1796. The latter, in 1801, deeded the whole to An-
drew Miller. The latter's children were John, Jacob,
Joseph, Barnet, William, and Peter. Joseph, Jacob'
and Peter settled in Harmony and became permanent
residents of the township. Each left descendants.
Henry and John, sons of Jacob, and Irwin, son of
Joseph, are now in Harmony.

Peter Dewitt located in the west portion of the
township at an early day, and followed farming pur-
suits until his death. He had children,— Levi, Peter,
Isaac, John P., Alexander, Paul, and four daughters!
Four of these sons located in Harmony, and are since
deceased. The families of John P., of Peter, and of
one of the daughters (Mrs. John B. Hutchinson) are
now in the township.

William Plummer came at an early date, and fol-
lowed the. trade of a carpenter. He was during his
lifetime a citizen of Harmony. The property owned
by him is now occupied by Robert Kinney.

Barnet Raub removed from Northampton Co., Pa.
to the township during the latter, portion of the last
century, and chose land which is now occupied by his
sons Barnet and Levi Raub. Mr. Raub spent his life
upon the farm where his death occurred, after which
the property descended to his children.

John Oberley removed from Pennsylvania about
the year 1810, and purchased the property now occu-
pied by his son Anthony. He had three children,—
Anthony, above mentioned, and two daughters, Mrs.
Jacob Shimer and Mrs. Garner H. Mutchler, each of
whom resides in the township.

Jacob Koch was of German descent, and came from
Northampton Co., Pa., in 1810, having located upon
land now occupied by Charles Koch. He had sons, —
Charles, Nathan, Thomas, and Joseph. Of these but
one, Joseph, now survives, and resides in Harmony,
Charles having recently died. Nathan and Thomas
were residents of the township. Charles, the son of
Joseph, is the present collector of Harmony.

John Merritt came from Oxford to Harmony in

1S07, and purchased land now embraced in the farm
of Abel H. Merritt, where he resided until his death.
He had three children,— Charity, William, and Le-
titia, — of whom the son, William, is the only sur-
vivor in the township. The homestead is occupied
by Abel H, a grandson of John Merritt.

The Teel family are of German extraction, Henry
Teel having settled in the township of Knowlton before
the Revolution. He had children,— Andrew, Christo-
pher, William, John, Henry, and Margaret. Of these
children John early located near Blairstown, where
he resided until his death. His children were Lewis,
Elizabeth, Christian, Lydia, Henry, Margaret, Ann,
Maria, and John. Of these Henry located in Har-
mony in 1841, where he at present resides.

The Kline family came at an early date, and have
been influential since that time in the development
of the township. The present representative of the
family is Peter, who resides in Lower Harmony.

The Cline family, from which Lewis and Dr. Garner
H. Cline emanate, will be found more fully men-
tioned in the history of Franklin and Greenwich

Benjamin Taylor came about 1830, and rented a
farm in the vicinity of Upper Harmony, where he for
some years resided.

Conrad Rush came to Warren County in 1779 and
located upon Scott's Mountain, then known as Buck-
horn, and now designated as Summerfield. He had
four sons and one daughter. One son removed to
Hunterdon County, one to Virginia, and two re-
mained at the mountain. But one, John, is now
living in Harmony ; he occupied the homestead until
recently, when he removed to the residence of his
son, Wm. C. Rush.


The most frequented road passing through Harmony
at an early date, and probably the earliest, connected
Newton with Easton, touching at Belvidere, Harmony,
Roxburg, and Hope. This is still the main thorough-
fare. In the days preceding the construction of rail-
ways, when produce was transported by horses and
travel by stage was quite general, this road was fre-
quently the scene of much activity and life. A road
used during the Revolution was opened between Rox-
burg and Montana and much traveled by residents of
the north portion of Harmony. It is still main-
tained and in excellent condition.

The road territory of Harmony is divided into 15
districts, with the following officers :

District No. 1, David Hulehizer ; 2, John C. Smith ; 3, Georgo Wolf; 4,
William I. Teel; 5, John Clymer; 6, Phaou Bitner; V.Joseph Amey;
8, John J. Rush ; 9, Benjamin Crissnian ; 10, Barnet Ranb ; 11, David
B. Stout; 12, Moses Bird; 13, William Huff; 14, Michel Ilager ; 15,
George B. Dalrymplo.


The act of the State Legislature which erected
Harmony as an independent township was passed
Feb. 15, 1839, and reads as follows:

II a i:\im.w.


" Be U enacted by the Council and General Alterably of Oat Stale, and U J
hereby enacted: That all Ibal part of the township of '• nwlch and Ox-
ford, i >i (be county of Warren, lying within Ibe boundary and descrip-
Hon following, to wit, beginning at a point In . a corner

i. j Ibe townsbips ol d Franklin; tbonce to the centre of

I l-liouso; thence a itralghl line to the Delaware River one-

nnorterofa mile north ol Jol bouse; thence up tbe Dela-

irare Blver to a point where the pnbllc road fi'-m lioxborg to
river atiikea the same ; thenco to a point where the Brant Castle itream
crosses tbe Mansfield and Ox ford line ; thence to the place ol beginning,—

shall be and Is hereby act oil fr the townships of Greenwich

li.nl, in the county of Warn a, and i

iii. i m a ihlp of Harmony.

: ihip "I Ha y

■hall hold their lit -t annunl towuship-mcctl

Dernberger, In the 1 rnsbip of Harmony,

ontbedayapi itod b) Ian for holding the annual lownsbi] n

,,n ol Warren "

The following is the civil list from 1839 to the

present time :

John Young, Jacob H. Winter; 1845 10, Elijah Allen, Jacob H.

Winter; IMT.Ji II Metz, Elijah Allon; 1848, Jacob H. Winter,

Elijah H. Allen; 18*9,1 I nieeB, Albertaun; 186

Yooiii;, William M. Miller; 1861, Blljah Allen, William Miller;
■, i ii, ,i \n. N.i- I, Jo ■!■ H Wlnb r; 1866, Jobn Q. Mutch-

i . William Me ;1 M

Allen I. ; l-'l '■■•. - ' ■ f . J . Kinney; isiin-f,*. s.,nin. 1

Vanatta -.1800 74, Abram Kaub; 1876 77, Samuel Vanatta;
Alfred Petty; 1881, Henrj Mete.


, \n , I84C 14, Hugh Y. Eandall; 1846-47, William U.

Killer; 1848, M. Y. Stiilu.ii; 1-ln .J. Henry J. M.dlick; i-
Uorgan 11. Hiuellue; I860 ■:. William Allshouae; 1868-60, Paul P.

Dewitt; 1801 03, Joseph Uelroy; 1804, Jacob Allal se; 18 1,

JohnMolroy; 1867-74, David B SI 1875-61, John Rosobeny.

v - i:ssoRS.

. II lobnDaVid a 184a ls,.l„hn Allahou-i-; lM'.l-.'il, Joseph Kn.h;

3, Thomas Worman; 1864, Joseph Koch; 1866, ChomasWor-
inan; 1868 57, Jacob W. Cllne; 1868 i9, William Allshouse; I860 62,

John A I Munis..; I sr.'. i.-., J |.l. Km. h; I si;i,, Silas II. Vanatta; 1807-

69, Junes Dewitt; 187U 71, Silas B I inatta; 187! 73, laa K.Cole;
1-71 76, William Oliue; 1870-81, Jobn K. Vanatta,

i ..ii i . roBs.

If ii. p.i.T Winter; 1842 16, William lint, bison; 1-17, I.. Lomen in;
1848, (Edwin Brown: 1840 I, In hil aid D 17, Bliss B.

Vanatta; 1868, Barnel Miller; 1869, L. F. Galloway; 1800-01, Bar-
net Miller; 1862 66, u.i.wi Haul.; 1867-69, Henry Stall; 1870 7::,

Willi Sheridan; 1-71 77. Charles J. Koch; 1878 70, Archibald

Davidson ; 1880-81, Churloa J. Koch.

JUSTICES 01 nil I'l II i.
i Winter, J. B. Morris; I860, Joseph Koch, Bamnel Vanatta;
1801, Jobn L. Byphers; 1865, Josspli Koch, krcbtbald Dartdson;

1-7" BO, .1 |.l. Koch, las R Cole.


In the absence of authentic information regarding
the schools of Harmony ii is difficult to colled any
data of value regarding them. A log school building
was erected al Lower Harmony during the Revolu-
tion, ii being the only school at this period for a
distance of several miles. .Many children came from
great distances to enjoy its advantages. John Hough,
one of the earl] Bottlers in 1777, walked a distance of

three miles through the woods for this purpose. A ng

the earliest teachers were Masters Cunningham and
Sheridan. There was probably an interval after the
abandonment of the log building when no school

existed,:!- William Miller came in ls::n. purchased
land near the village) erected a dwelling, and opened
a private Bchool. He was an excellent instructor, and
enjoyed an extensive patronage from the neighboring
resident -

\ school building was erected at Roxburg in 1816,
over which Master Isaac f/oder presided as the lir-t
teacher. He is remembered as a man who enforced a
rigid system of discipline.

The scl 1 territory of Harmony is now divided

into seven districts, as follows: No. 13, Buttonw 1:

V.. it. Lower Harmony; No. 15, Upper Harmony;
No. 16, Pleasant Grove; No. 17. Roxburg; No. 18,

Montana; N". I' 1 . I'lea-anl llolhiw. Th.se have

the following teachers appointed to them ; Button-
wood, J. W. Miller; Lower Har ny, Chae D.

Scott : Upper Harmony, Miss 11. M. De Witl ; Pleas-
ant Grove, J. C. Rush; Roxburg, Nathan Beatty;
Montana, Miss Laura Hilborn; Pleasant Hollow,
Mi-> Frances Rush.
The school moneys of the tow nship are apportioned

as follow - :

,,.,,, State Two-mill

District T ,, x .

No.13 S14.04 S^S6.3C

•• n t 17.98

•• |6 li-ii

" 1,1 16.50 284.44

■' 17 1H.7:1

•• 18 26.02 274.98

" p.i 21 60


In 1798 the Rev. William B.Sloan became pastor
of the Greenwich Church, which he served in connec-
tion with Mansfield for 17 years. The region about
Harmony constituted a part of his charge, where he
frequently preached in groves and barns and private
houses, lb- may therefore be regarded as the lather
of the Harmony Church. Divine services were early
held at the house ol' Henry Winter, and for a consid-
erable time, Mr. Sloan meanwhile visiting and pray-
ing with the families in the vicinity.

In April. 1809, application was made to the l're -
bytery of New Brunswick for the appointment of
supplies. The request was granted, and the following

supplies appointed : Rev. William 1!. Sloan at Andrew
Miller's: Rev. I lav id I '.a relay at Henry Winter'.-: Rev.

Mr. Bice at Godfrej Klin.'-; and Rev. John Boyd at
( reorge Snyder's.

At the next -tated meeting of l'le-l.y le ry the appli-
cation for supplies was renewed, with Ri vs. Mr. Rice,
Sloan, and Boyd as the appointments made in re-
sponse to the request. A third application resulted
in the following assignments: \lr\. Mr. Rice, Rev.
darner A. Hunt, Rev. David Barclay, and Rev. Wil-
liam B. Sloan.

The Harmony congregation, having become par-
ticularly attached to Rev. Mr. Hunt.. m the 22d of
September prepared a call for him to become their
pastor, i in tin- same day the\ elected the following



board of trustees : Messrs. Godfrey ' Kline, Henry
Winter, Moses B. Allen, Benjamin Youmans, and
Andrew Miller. Rev. Mr. Hunt accepted the call,
and the Presbytery appointed the third Tuesday in
November for his installation. Mr. Hunt during this
time gave a portion of his time to neighboring con-
gregations who had expressed a desire to enjoy his

He also became the regular pastor of the Scott's
Mountain congregation, and continued his labors with
them for a period of eight years, ultimately devoting his
whole time to this charge and the Harmony Church.

At a meeting of Presbytery held April 28, 1818,
Rev. G. A. Hunt presented a request for a dissolution
of his pastoral relations with the Harmony Church,
which was granted. The Scott's Mountain Church
meanwhile extended him a call, desiring one-fourth
of his time and services, which he accepted, and
where he remained until 1827, when his pastoral
relations were dissolved. The Presbytery meanwhile
supplied the Harmony Church once a month. Rev.
J. F. Teake then became the stated supply, and con-
tinued his relations with the church until 1828. From
this time the charge was again supplied by Presbytery
until October, 1829, when Rev. John Vanderveer was
appointed stated supply, and Mr. James C. Watson,
a licentiate, was next assigned to the field. Rev.
Robert Low, after having labored as stated supply
for nearly five years, was, on the 24th of May, 1836,
installed as pastor. His pastorate continued until
October, 1838, when he was called from the labors of
earth to the rewards of heaven. Mr. John J. Car-
roll was next invited to supply the pulpit. After
being ordained by Presbytery, Rev. Mr. Carroll re-
ceived and accepted a call, and became the regular
pastor of the church, having continued thus until

The Rev. John Skinner was next tendered a call,
and on the evening of March 7, 1849, installed as
pastor of the Harmony Church, where he remained
until 1853. On the 4th of October a call was pre-
sented to Rev. Andrew Tully, which was accepted,
and Mr. Tully continued his ministrations until April
6, 1861. In the fall of 1862, Rev. D. K. Freeman
was extended a call, and on Dec. 3, 1863, the Presby-
tery met to ordain and install him. Mr. Freeman
dissolved his relations with the church in the fall of
1873, since which time the present pastor, the Rev.
Mr. Spade, has been the spiritual guide of this

A few words may be of interest regarding the build-
ing. The people became weary of worshiping in
places so inconvenient, and in the year 1806 made a
movement towards the erection of a house of worship.
Mr. Henry Miller, Sr., and Andrew Miller were ap-
pointed a committee to superintend the erection of a
church and circulate subscription-papers. They met
with much encouragement, and in 1807 a stone build-
ing was completed, at a cost of $1466.77, which was

dedicated the third Sabbath of November of the same
year, Rev. Garner A. Hunt preaching the dedicatory
sermon. Godfrey Kline, Henry Winter, Andrew
Miller, Benjamin Youmans, and Moses Allen were
elected a board of trustees.

Shortly after the settlement of Rev. J. J. Carroll a
movement was made towards the building of a new
house of worship. In 1840, John Hoflf, Jacob Cline,
Joseph Miller, Peter Winter, William Merrit, John
B. Hutchinson, Peter Kline, and John Fair were
appointed a building committee. A building was
contracted for and finished according to contract with
a total cost of $4035.18, including the furnishing.
The old structure had meanwhile been accidentally
destroyed by fire. The lot on which the church stands,
together with the burial-ground adjoining, was the
gift of William Gardner in the year 1806 or 1807.

The present trustees of the church are Matthias
Brakeley, President; Joseph Amey, Treasurer; John
W. Cline, Silas B. Vanatta, William Shuler, William
I. Teel, Samuel Heil, Jr.


In the absence of authentic records it is not possi-
ble to ascertain when the first class was organized.
Revs. M. Bartine, Banghart, and Hevener held revival
meetings at an early day, at which several converts
were made, which formed the beginning of a Meth-
odist Episcopal Church in Harmony. The Methodists
and Lutherans united in the erection of a small edi-
fice familiarly known as the " Old Red Church,"
which was later owned entirely by the Methodists,
the Lutheran society having diminished in numbers.

Rev. Mr. Badgley preached for some time in this
building, as did other pastors. Rev. G. F. Dickenson
was stationed over this charge in 1856, and during his
pastorate the present edifice was erected, the pastor
personally soliciting subscriptions and superintend-
ing the labor involved in its construction. From
that date the pastors have been as follows :

1850, George F. Dickenson; 1859, Jacob P. Fort; 1860, Oliver Badgley;
1864, J. W. Cole ; 1865, T. T. Campfield ; 186R, Joseph P. Macauley ;
1869, J. W. Hartpence ; 1871, M. F.Warner; 1873, John H.Clark;
1874, C. H. Adams; 1876, J. B. Buxton, Harry BoggB; 1877, W. D.
Parr ; 1878, D. Tusker; 1879, J. W. Cole ; 1880, W. H. Haggerty.

The present trustees are James Miller, Reuben
Paxson, Abram Raub, Alfred Petty, Wendell Messin-
ger ; the stewards are Jeremiah Yeisley, John Hand-
long, Thomas W. Kitchen, Peter R. Rush. The
church has a membership of 130. The Sabbath-
school superintendent is Dr. J. D. Dewitt.


On the 29th of November, 1815, the Presbyterian
Church of Scott's Mountain was organized. Four
ruling elders were elected, — namely, John P. Weller,
William Kinney, Henry Snyder, and David Beers, —
and five trustees: P. P. Weller, Abner Tark, Ernest
Mann, Jacob Cole, and Cornelius Slack. They thus
became a separate organization, and the services of



Eev. Garner A. Jlunt were divided between this
field and that of Harmony, the former having one-
third of hi* time and the latter two-thirds. The

Scott's Mountain congregation presented a request to

Presbytery, at Flemington, April 28, 1818, to be taken
under their care, and at the same time extended a call
to Rev. Garner A. Hunt, which was accepted by him,
and he was accordingly installed on the fire) Tuesday
of July following. Be also served the congregation
at New Village, and continued bis relations with
these fields of lahor until April 25, L827, when he re-
tired from the Presbytery.

A it, , this date the church was supplied by Presby-
tery lor a number of years, and was, on the formation
Of the Btewartsville Church in 1850, transferred to
that body, and ceased to be an independent organiza-
tion. The original church building was erected in


In 1869, at a meeting of the Presbytery of Newton,
application was made bj the people of Scott's Moun-
tain Church to be organized as a church, which was
granted. The following elders were elected a1 this
time: John Rush, John Vroom, Jacob F. Bush, John
I. Bird. In 1870 the present church edifice was
erected and a church organized with 80 members.
The firsl pastor was Bev. .lame- Petrie, who resigned
in 1876, when supplies were appointed by Presbytery.
In L879, James D. Hunter officiated as BUpply, and
tin- present incumbent is John I.. Cline. It is now-
known as the Presbyterian ('lunch of Montana.


A Baptist church was .reeled at Montana nearly

fifty years since by a Mr. Chamberlain. This edifice

becoming dilapidated, another was built in the suburbs

of the hamlet. The church is at present without a



A burial-ground is located adjacent to the Method-
ic Episcopal church, in Lower Harmony, which is

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 170 of 190)