James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

. (page 176 of 190)
Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 176 of 190)
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lli- belonged tn I in- parly of reform in polities, ami
was quite active in all matters in any way afii

bis township and county. !!•- served as i of the

board of committi d lor many years. Upon his

decease he left a large property to hi- children, w hich

he had accumulated by hi- own industry and good

His children are Richard, born Feb. 10, 1793; Jere-
miah, born July 3, 1794; David, horn Sept. 11, 17'.i",;
Isaac, horn April 23, 17'. 1 " ; Levi, horn as above stated ;
Peggy, horn Sept. 18, L801; Sarah, born March 28,
l.so:?, widow of the late charh- I lodder, of Stillwater;
Huldah, horn Feb. !>, I *<)">, became the wife of 1 Inirv
Teel.of Hardwick; Edward, born Oct. 16, 1806; and

Hannah, horn Sept. 5, 1810, became the wife of Ste-
phen < i. Hart, of i freen tow nship.

Levi was never married. By purchase be became

tin- possessor of the old 1 lestead, upon which he

has resided since his birth, and now, in bis eighty-
second year of age, retains the faculties of mind ami
bodj to a very remarkable degree. He is one of the
most prominent and influential fanners in hi- town-
ship, and is among (be most liberal contributors to

benevolent and charitable objects.

For nearly sixty years he has been a member of the
church of his forefathers, and tor a score or more
years he has officiated as eider. Among bis local do-
nations have been the following: In 1876 be presented
a bell to the church of which he is a member, and

about 1 X 7 < • lie purchased and gave the -ami- church a

parsonage properly.

Mr. I. anning has always been interested in the af-
fairs of his town-hip. and for about three-core year-"

has ollieialed as one of it- i nitleemeii. lie was

formerly a member of the Whig party, and upon the

organization of the Republican party adopted its


Mr. Lanning has lived to an honorable old age, and
is highly esteemed by all who know him for his manly
qualities, bi- generosity, his help to the deserving
poor, and for his Bterling moral and Christian princi-
ples. Upon the organization of the Merchants' Na-
tional Bank of Newton he was one of its original



The subject of this -ketch represents - of the old

stock families id' Warren County. His grandfather.

Win. Van Horn, came fr Holland about the year

1760, accompanied by a brother, and located at New

Egypt, \. .1. He subsequently removed to what was
then Hardwick town-hip, Susses Co., V •'.. hut now
the township of Frelinghuysen, Warren t lo., and en-
gaged in the purchase and sale of live-stoi k, selling a

great deal in Canada. He i- -upposed to have been
murdered along the St. Lawrence River, in Canada,
about the year 1778, and wa- never heard of after-
ward.-. J lis children were Cornelius, Matthew, Abra-
ham, .lame-. George, Ruth, and Anna.


George Van Horn, lather of our subject, was born
in Frelinghuysen township, on Oct 14. 1771. He
married l.evina, daughter of Sam-i.n Howell, on
Am:. 24, 1811, and had children, — Wm. S., born Aug.
19, 1812; Isaac II.. born March 10, 1814; David G.,
born Oct. 8, 1816; Abraham S., horn March 27,1819;
and George, born April 'Jn, 1822. Mr. Van Horn was
prominently identified with the interests of his local-
ity for many years, lie wa- for sixteen years a con-
stable in the township, and twelve year- a justice of

tin- peace. He performed active Bervice in the war of

1812, and was a brigade inspector at Sandy Hook.

William S. Van Horn wa- born on An-. I'. 1 . 1812,
and pa— ed the earlier years of hi- life on bi- father's

farm. At the age of twenty-three he was seized with

a desire to travel and see more of the world, and, after

traveling throughout the greater part of the United

States, be -hipped in 1*."!<;, a- steward, on board of a

merchant-vessel sailing from Philadelphia, and until
1845 visited the principal commercial port- of the

world. In that year he returned home, and, locating
on .me hundred and eighty-four acre- of land which
hi- lather gave him. he began the life of a fanner,
clearing up the place, erecting new buildings and
and making it one of the best farms in the

township. Here Mr. Van Horn has since remained,
- in agricultural pursuits. He i- a Republi-
can in polities, though no office-seeker, and exerts a



good influence in his township, being respected by
all for his straightforward, manly life. He is a mem-
ber of the First Christian Church of Johnsonburg,
and was trustee of the public school at that place for
a number of years. «

Mr. Van Horn was married on June 19, 1851, to

Macrina, daughter of Jonathan Jones, of Johnson-
burg. The children have been Edward M., born May
8, 1852 ; Leonora A., born Sept. 27, 1854 ; Laura B.,
born Sept. 9, 1856 ; Rosaline F., born July 22, 1858 ;
and Horace, who, with Laura B., died in infancy.
Mrs. Van Horn died Dec. 31, 1870.



This township, known sometimes as " the State of
Pahaquarry," was formed from Walpack township, in
Sussex County, in 1824, and is the extreme northern
township of Warren County, and is bounded on the
northeast by Walpack township in Sussex County, on
the southeast by Hardwick, Blairstown, and Knowl-
ton townships, and on the southwest and northwest
by the Delaware River, the dividing line between this
State and Pennsylvania. It is 12 miles long, and has
an average width of about li miles, and contains
19.04 square miles, or 12,186 acres of land, the most
of which faces the northwest at an angle of from 25
to 60 degrees. It is the most secluded township in
the State, lying in a nook between the Blue Moun-
tain and the Delaware River. The township derives
its name from an Indian town of the Minisink tribe
anciently standing within the present territory of
Pahaquarry. The population of the township in 1880
was 418.


The Blue Mountain, running its whole length, oc-
cupies all its surface except a narrow strip along the
river, nowhere over a quarter of a mile in width, but
extending nearly the whole length of the township.
The mountain and river scenery is uncommonly beau-
tiful and sublime; while the far-famed and justly
celebrated "Delaware Water Gap" is a part of the
southwestern end of this long township.

On the Jersey side of the Water Gap, in Pahaquarry
township, there is a place where the ledge of rocks
presents a bold front along the roadside. This place
is called the " Indian Ladder." Before the road was
made along the river these rocks presented a perpen-
dicular front to the water's edge, which prevented
the inhabitants from having a free communication
with the outside world in that direction. In olden
times the Indians had there a kind of ladder made
of an upright tree ; afterwards a rope-ladder was made
by the whites, but it was a dangerous place to get
over, being thirty or forty feet in height.

On the summit of the Blue Mountain, near the
northeast end of the township, is " Cat Fish Pond,"
the township line running along the southeast side of
the pond. The outlet of this pond flows into Blairs-
town. About two miles southwest of this pond is
"Sun Fish Pond." This too is on the summit of
Blue Mountain, and either one is 1000 feet above the
Delaware River, a mile distant. There are both a
natural and an artificial outlet to Sun Fish Pond,
both of which flow into the Delaware. Several other
small streams rise along the side of the mountain,
whose waters fall into the Delaware. Mill Brook,
the largest of all, rises in Walpack, Sussex Co., and
flows southwesterly through the village of Mill Brook
in this township, and empties into the Delaware
opposite Apochsanoc Island. Southwest from Sun
Fish Pond, and about three-quarters of a mile dis-
tant, is a chalybeate spring called " the paint spring,"
which deposits ferruginous ochre.


This, which is known in New York as the Shawan-
gunk and in Pennsylvania as the Kittatinny Moun-
tain, is an almost unbroken ridge from the New York
State line to the Delaware Water Gap, a distance
of 40 miles, 12 of which form the southeast bound-
ary line of this township. It is the highest ground
in the State, being at the Water Gap 1479 feet above
tide-water. This mountain ridge is a remarkable
feature of the landscape as seen from the Kitta-
tinny valley, or from the Highland range beyond.
Its almost level crest is everywhere clothed with
forest, its steep slopes bring the fields, trees, and
houses on its sides in view as plain as a picture, and
the contrast between the wooded crest, the upper
slope, and the smooth fields of the lower slope, is
ever grateful to the eye.

The pioneer settlement of this township was made
as early as 1664, and probably prior to that date, and
at least one hundred years before any other portion
of Warren County was trodden by white men. B. B.
Edsall, in his Centennial Address, said, —



*' One hundred and fifty yean ago* the territory comprising the coun-
tk-H..r Sussex and Warren was uninhabited by i Ivlllzed men,
■mall portion in the present township ol Pahaquarry. Ihi
thi* gei luded nook were Hollanders, who bad] onntry In
search nf minerals. Following tl..- com i the Hudson from New Am-
sterdam w How York) northwardly, they landed and entered tli" wil-

, i,,n iii ,,r near Esopus, now called Kingston, In Ulster I i

mill, exploring the Uamakating valley, thej II in ol lead

sbonl Bfty miles from tli- polnl of their debarkation. Em

thin success they couth I their explorations, and aboal fiftj miles

ftu-thei anotbei mine, probably of copper, was found on thi I

here the mountain ooarlj approoi hes tl"' lower point ■•( Paba-
quoi ry 1'litt."

I lii- was within tin- limits of our territory, ami
these are cogenl reasons for fixing the advent of these
Hollanders as railv n- Iii.'iii, fourteen years before the
Duke of York became a patentee of New Jersey, and

twenty years before William Penn secured the |

for the flourishing commonwealth which bears his
name. Tin- fixsl great need oi these enterprising men
was a road t<> afford an until i lor their ores, ami this

they appear to have lo-l im lime in sii], plying, ill-

i the distance from Pahaquarrj to Esopus was
about 100 miles. This ruail was substantially built,

and was in use - time before the English took

possession of New Amsterdam (now Now York). It
is still a public thoroughfare, and bids fair to remain

for ' nduring monument of tho energy ami

perseverance of these hardy pioneers. It was the

lir.st mail of any eonsiderahle length made in North

America; it. was made without government aid,
though its course ran through a howling wilderness,
ami its construction must have been attended with
Immense difficulties and innumerable dangers. It
owes its existence solely to the enterprise of a few
men ti ho were stimulated to push it to completion by
the hope of acquiring personal emolument from their
mineral discoveries. This hope, however, was nipped
in the bud. The conquest of the Now Netherlands
by the British, in 1664, put an end to the enterprise
of these adventurous miners. The main body of
these mm are believed to have returned to their
land; yet a few unquestionably remained, who

Settled in the immedl ite vi nit . of tin n abandoned

mines. Pahaquarry was :( part of the then known
"Meenesink" country. Among those who remained

we find the na a of Van Gordon, Van Campen,

Shoemaker, Deitriek, and iilur-. «1 descendants

have retained their Dative Eolland name ami are
still occupants of the soil broken by their forefathers
over two hundred years ago.

■Hi well " lablished thai in tl,.- year 1697, when the Schuyler and
Bwartwont patents foi land In the Uinistnk country were del

from ill" Indians, and by grants from thi |
fork, there were settlements M.utli . .i the Neverslnk, and so on down
thr Delaware ; and aniens ilioeo settlements wero mado by tho minors,
i,r i._\ w<\ ,:u h in ces i ins bj was " ! I i" 1 -. t'"'' 1 "iiK'" ' s onaoconnt-

Samuel Shoemaker, one of the oldest citizens of

l'aha.piarry, died dan. 1'.', IS71, aged eighty years.

* Mr. KiImiII should hare said tiro hundred years ago, as tho address
was dollvered In 1S.VI.

Hi- ancestors were |iroininent among the earliest
s.-ttler- of the Minisink. They came from Eeopus,
over tin- < 'Id Mim [load, and settled in the neighbor-
hood of Shawnee, about 1720. Anion-' their early
associates in tin- toil- and privations incident to pi-
oneer life were Nicholas Depue ami Abraham Van
Campen, the former residing at Shawnee, ami the
latter mi the Pahaquarry Hat-. Henry Shoemaker,
father of Samuel, wa- a soldier in tin- Revolutionary
war. It was he who captured and rawhided the no-
torious Tory of .Middle Smithfield, Jim Bartron, who
had waylaid and insulted him mi the road just above
Shawnee. It wa- in the dark of evening, and Shoe-
maker was on horseback, when Bartron took hi- horse
by tlie bridle. tjuirk a- thought, he -pram.: from the

Saddle, and. In Ing a powerful man. In- eollari-d the

Tory and gave him such a thrashing that In- lustily
cried for quarter. .Mr. Shoemaker then compelled

him to walk in front of him to the hou-e of his old
friend, I leorge Miehaels, where the two applied to

him (Bartron) a coat of tar and feathers, and then set
him at liberty.

After the death of tin- venerable Moses Van
Campen, in the spring of 1871, Samuel Shoemaker
was thr oldest living resident. He lived all his
life upon the purchase made by hi- rather, at the
lower point ,,f the Pahaquarry flam, mar thr location
of tin- old copper-mines, He was buried in the old
Shawnee burying-ground, where repose the remains
of hi- ancestors.

Among those that are supposed to have been of that
portion of the Holland miners thai remained in what
i- now Pahaquarry at thr time thr main body left
wa- Abraham Van Campen, whose descendant- are
scattered all over the country, lie atone time owned
the greater part of what i- now the town-hip of Pa-

The mail facilities of thi- township were not as

desirable a- might have l a during the first one

hundred ami seventy-five years of it- >ottlement,
as there was no post-office in the township until 1852.
[n that year a mail-route was established from Flat-
brookville to Newton, by way of Mill Brook, Sard-
wick, and Stillwater, and in 1^.".:', a route wa- estab-
lished between Mill Brook and Columbia. Offices
were established in 1852 at .Mill Brook ami Calno.
At Mill Brook tin- first postmaster was Elijah R.
Welter, who was succeeded bj Joseph F. Welter and
thr present postmaster, P. J.S.Qaris. Thr first post-
master at Calno was Andrew Ribble, who was ap-
pointed in 1852. The present postmaster i- William
K. Ribble. There are at present two post-offices, three

School-houses, and one ehureh in the town-hip.

Rice Nicholas, Esq., of Flanders, Morris Co., com-
inunirateil to Hon. B. B. Kdsall an Indian adven-
ture, which he derived from S. P. Hull, Esq., of
Morristown. It appears that in 1777 three Indians,
after lying in wait for smne time, succeeded one moon-
light night in capturing Maj. Van Campen. His



name was Moses, — a son of Judge Abraham Van
Campen, and consequently he belonged to a family
whom the savages had been taught to stand in dread
of. Their object was to take him to the head-waters
of the Susquehanna, and there murder him by a
lingering torture. They pinioned his arms and two
led him, while the third guarded him with a rifle and
tomahawk, the others also being armed in the same
way. At night they compelled him to lie down with
his elbows tied to his back, one of his captors reposing
on each side of him, and the other standing guard.
It so happened, however, that all three of the Indians
fell asleep, when Van Campen by a desperate effort of
muscular power burst his fetters asunder, and quick as
thought seized a tomahawk and killed two of the
sleeping savages. The other awoke, and, springing
to his feet, ran for his life. Van Campen hurled the
tomahawk after him with such sure aim that it struck
him on the shoulder and stuck fast, the Indian not
attempting to withdraw it uutil he was well out of
sight. Van Campen gathered up the rifles and other
accoutrements of the dead Indians, and returned
safely to his friends.

Van Campen subsequently removed to Allegany
Co., N. Y. Mr. Hull settled there also in about
1824, and edited a newspaper ; he became acquainted
with Van Campen as a Jerseyman, and also formed
an intimacy with an old Indian in the vicinity, whom
he understood had in his early days lived near the
Jersey frontier on the Delaware. Mr. Hull intro-
duced Mr. Van Campen to the Indian, and he turned
out to be the same person that had run away with the
tomahawk sticking in his back, in proof of which he
showed Hull and Van Campen the scar made by that
weapon. Thenceforth the two old enemies became
warm friends, and remained so while they both lived.


Because Pahaquarry is geographically out of the
United States, or rather is squeezed in between two
States, was no reason why the author of the saying,
" Go West, young man," should not cross this " Terri-
tory" and become a party to the following little

The " Old Sage" and Thomas McElrath were once
upon one of their annual pleasure and health-seeking
excursions to the "Water Gap," and, coming from
Stroudsburg, they crossed the Delaware up through
that narrow strip of country known as " Pahaquarry."

Arriving on the river-bank, they signaled for a
boatman to bring them over, and a man in shirt-sleeves
responded to their call. AVhile crossing the river
Greeley said, " Ferryman, perhaps you don't know
that you have the honor of carrying Mr. McElrath of
the Tribune." McElrath replied, " And you also have
the honor of carrying Horace Greeley." The ferry-
man, not to be outdone in honors, humorously replied,
" Gentlemen, perhaps you don't know that you have
the honor of being ferried over the Delaware by

Judge Ribble." " Honors" were easy, and ever after
that "Horace," as well as the " Judge," delighted in
a recital of the incident. All three have since been
ferried over Death's river.

This township, though younger than some others
in point of organization, yet is nearly or quite one
hundred and fifty years older than any of the rest in
the county in point of settlement. Its civil organ-
ization dates from the spring of 1825, nearly two
hundred years after its settlement. We herewith give
the entire proceedings of the first town-meeting in
Pahaquarry township:

" At a public town meeting held at the house of James Van Campen,
in the township of Pahaquarry, county of Warren, Ac, March the 14th,
1S25, when the following officers were duly chosen according to law, and
sworn severally into their respective offices : Andrew Hill, Moderator;
William Hill, Assessor ; Samuel Shoemaker, Town Clerk ; Andrew Hill,
Collector; John Depue, Abraham Garis, John C. Lahar, Commissioners
of Appeals; Moses Van Campen, Jacob Brutzman, Freeholders; James
Van Campen, George Staley, Surveyors of Highways ; William Hill, John
Depue, Sr., Overseers of Poor; Samuel Shoemaker, Constable; Abraham
Van Campen, Judge of Election ; Andrew Hill, John Depue, Sr., Moses
Van Campen, Samuel Shoemaker, John C. Labar, Town Committee; All-
drew Hill, Moses Van Campen, John Depue, Sr., Road-Masters ; James
Van Campen, Pound-Keeper.

" Agreeable to a vote taken by the Town that there should be one hun-
dred dollars (10U) raised for road-tax for the present year, &c.

" The town meeting for 1826 to be held at the house of James Van
Campen, in the above township.

"That the lower end of said township (which was formerly exempt
from paying road tax) shall pay their equal quota of road tax.

" Samuel Shoemaker, constable, was sworn into office and gave his
bond, which was approved of and accepted by the committee.

" Andrew Hill, Moderator."

From the records .we find that —

"At the annual general election (for members of the legislature and
county officers for the several counties in the State of New Jersey) held
at the house of James Van Campen, in Packaquarry, in the township of
Packaquarry, county of Warren, for to elect members of the legislature
to represent the said county, one person for sheriff and for coroners of said
county, held the eleventh day of October, 1S25, when the following result
was obtained :

" Council. — Jacob S. Thompson, fifteen votes; William Kennedy, three.

" Assembly. — David Swayze, fifteen votes ; James Egbert, fifteen ; James
Rusling, three; John Stinson, three.

"Sheriff. — George Mushback, fourteen votes; Benjamin T. Hunt, two;
Robert A. Stewart, two.

" Coroners. — John Kern, seventeen votes; Andrew Van Campen, seven-
teen ; Uzal 0. Howell, three.

"An" 1 Van Camc-en, Judge of Election.
"William Hill, Assessor.
"Andrew Hill, Collector.

"Samuel Shoemaker, Clerk."

The following is a complete list of town clerks,
freeholders, collectors, and town committees for the
township of Pahaquarry from the organization of the
township to the present time, and the years in which
each served :

1826-31, Samuel Shoemaker; 1832, John Depue; 1833-30, Andrew Vim
Campen; 1837-48, John C. Labar; 1849-52, Abraham Garis; 1863-
64, Malachi M. Sutton ; 1856-60, Elias L. Garis; 1857-59, Moses C.
Shoemaker; 1860-61, Jesse T. Welter; 1862-03, Philip J. S. Garis;
1864-65, Daniel M. Depue ; 1806-08, Abraham Garis ; 1809-70, Wil-
liam R. Ribble; 1871-72, Zachariah T. Shoemaker; 1873-74, Daniel
W. Dingman; 1876-70, William H. Spangenburg; 1877, John N.
Welter j 1878-80, A. A. Garis; 1881, P. H. Garis.



1825, Andrew Hill; 1826, Jama Von Campen; 1827-28, 1887-44, Abmm
Garis; 1829-32, 31oses Shoemaker; 1833, Hong Depue;
Abraham Van Campen, Ji . 1846, Lewli Barry; 1846-48, J. Depue
Labar; 1840-50, Malachia H. Sntton; 1K.1-62, 1868, Moses C. Shoe-
maker; 1863-64, Samuel Labar; 18.W-60, 1871,Coourod Woltor; 1857

-68, Joseph Tlllmiui; I- 'I \ n Campen; 1861-C'-',

Churl. - Wolkei ; 1803-64, Benjamin B. Van Campen; 1866, Andrew
Blbblo; 1809-70, 1872-73, Iaaac Bunnell; 1874-76, George H. Van
Campen ; 1877-79, Petci Z. Michael; 1880-81, Philip J. 8. Garis;


] ■• . ;u, I y;, M., . \ ,., i ..,i ■ ... I ' !■■ :. I ' :l. 1 ■ ■", M ■

Van Campen, H 1882, Wllluun nibble, Samuel Shoe-
maker ; Dcn-Ui, 31 - Vim I'iimp-ii Siiinin-1 »l maker; I

Enos Hill, Samuel SI maker; 1839, George Kibble, Jarnee Bill;

18-lu, Mutoi Van Campen, George Blbble; 1*41, Jouiea Hill, Lowls
Barry; 1842, Lswla Barry, Jacob Brotzman; 1843, Lewis Barry,
Abraham Van Campen ;1844, Abraham Van Dampen, Charlea Walker;
1M5, Charles Wulkii, .lulu. T. .-Ii...iniiker; lsln, Abraham Garb),

John T. SI mi. I.- 1 ; i -it, Abraham Garla, William 0. Vim Campen;

1848, Samuel Shoemaker, William 0. Van Campen; 1849, Samuel
,-l maker, 31 I mi i ampeii . i ■ -i . Uoaea Shoemaker, M. M. But-
ton; I8S2, 1863-66, llnlachl M.Sutton; 1863, Charles Lai i

;- .7 19, William 0. Van I
Abraham Garl ; 1861 > ■ Bunnell; I860 71, B. njamin B, Van
Campen; 1872 VI. Potei / Michael; 1876 77, Daniel M. Depue;
, -ii i... irgi M \ -n Campen : 1881, William llurko.

T0V1 N I 0MM1 I I i i -.

Lj2».— Andrew Hill, John Depue, Sr„ Moses Van Campen, Samuel Shoe-
.i.iiii C. Labor.

I.s2t,.— William Bill, Johu Depu. 3r., Moses Van Campen, Samuel Shoe-
maker, John C. Labor.

1827.— John Depue, Si-., Juhn <', Labar, Hoses Van Campen, Abram Van
Campen, 8r,, So il Shoemaker,

1828-31. — William Bill, John Depue, John C, Labor, Moeee Van -
Samuel shoemaker.

1832.— Go>. rge Kibble, Jolin C. Lobar, Jacob Brotzman, Samuel Shoe-
maker, J.. I. n Vim Campen.

1883,. John 0. Labor, Jai b Brol noon, Samui I Bboemaker, Abram Von
.: William Hill.

1834-36.— George Blbblo, abraham Garla, John Depue, Uoaea Shoemaker,
John Hlehoel.

1836.— ttoses Vim Campen, Samuel SI maker, John C. Lobar, Jomea

Hill, Benjamin Shoemaker.

18:17.— Jacob Brolimnn, I i - Bibl Ii , B llllom Rlbble, Esq., Benry s.

Decker, Bsekii I Of

1838.— William Blbble, Esq., Jacob Brotzman, Benjamin Von
Henry s. Decker, John Depne Lobar.

1839, Vii'ii.-w Blbble, John D. Labor, Hiram Lite, Jacob Brotzman,
Abraham Van Campen, Ji .

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 176 of 190)