James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

. (page 177 of 190)
Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 177 of 190)
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I -in ,i. -,-i- r..,.t/.mon, Cooi I Welter, George Kibble, Andrew Blbblo,

Siiinii.-l Bkoomnker.

18-11. — <;. Blbbl ios BUI, Abraham Van Campen, Jr., Moses De-
pue, Andrew Blbble.

1842 James Bpangenburg, Enon Bill, Murk T Kibble, H.ii-I Labor, Ell


1843. — J. D. Lobar, Daniel Labor, Coonrod^n I uinn.Bon-

Jamln T. Shu.- ker.

in Joaopb r.i Daniel Labar, Benjamin T. Shoemaker, J. D.

Lobar, Js

i maker,SI nAyre, David Labor, Abraham Ton

. lomnen, Js Db B

18-10.— K.iyi.l Borneo, C rod Welter, John Bill, Benjamin Van Gordon.

Tie vote between Bomui Bi itsman.

i . George Kibble, Royal 1 ..nun Von

I'limpi \n.li- .. '

1848.— John /.hum. Walker, B. Van Gordon, M

mokei . ^i Depne.

1849.— J. Zimmerman, I'- i John Mlchaol, SI. 0. 81

I860.— J. Zhn iiiiuii, .'-'I... ihii. M 0. SI maker, Edmund I Gi

i ' Barnes.
1851.— K. L. Gregg;, It. Vim Gordon I b Barnes, J ff. D o, U

Vim r. mil-, ii

1852.— M. Van Cnmpen, B. Van Gonlun, A. Van Cnni|«n, J. II. Tilman,
Samuel Labar.

- . .: I, hi, Join, Bnglart,3L Van Campen, Eltiho

nglart, William BerthoU, John Cart-
1855 J. Oartwrlgbt, W. BertbolT, Joseph II. Tilinan, Jacob W. Welter,

I860.— M. M. Sutton, Ge rgi Blbblo, J II Tiliuau, Daniel Labar, George

M. v.m i ompen.
1867.— William Bertholf, ,T.-~.- T. Welter, J. II. Tilman, Jacob Ozen-

■n -., \ '.. ■■!. Bl -I -mall.

1858.— J. H. Tilmnn, John S. Khlnehort, John T. Shoemaker.

1859.— J. II. Tilman, J. 8, Khlnehort, John Hill, Jacob Ozenbaugh,

Moses Depue.
I860.— John Hill, John Zimmerman, Moses Depue, Charles Walker,

Koj .1 Barnes.
1861.— W. Berthoir, W. 0. Vim Campen, J. Zimmerman, J. II. Tilman,

John Barnes.
1862.— Joseph S. Sntton, J. II Tilman, John Barnes, Isaac Bunnell, John

i Shoemaker.
1863-64. — James Barnes, I- > . n TUnum, .1 Zimmerman, Moses Depuo,

Philip J. Garls.
1865.— Coonrod Woltor, J. Ziminernian, Charles F. Kinney, 31. C. Shoo-

maker, J. s. Khlnehort.
1806.— C. Welter, J. T. Shoemaker, E. L. Garls, 31. C. Shoemakor, David

B. Rhii
1867— C. Welter, I. Hotzel, 31. '.Shoemaker, D. B


1868.— George A. Traniter, B. B. Van Campen, A. Ribblo, 31. C. Shoe-
maker. J. II. Tilman.
1869— P. S. Garis, J. II. Tilman, J. W. Welter, 31. 31. Depue. Andrew

1870.— P. S. Garis, M. M. Depuo, Samuel Barnes, P. C. Michael, John

1871.— M. 31. Depne, P. S. Garis, Jacob Ozenbaugh, Charles Walker,

Peter /.. HI. has]
1872. — C. Walker, Honry Bock, Jr., Horace Zimmerman, Charles Labar,

Jacob II. Morris.
1873.— C. Labar, J. II. Slorris, A. G. Spnngenburg, George M. Van Cam-

pen, William Kolley.
1874. — John Zimmerman, C. Labar, J. H. Blorris, C. 31. Walkor, Henry

P. Kitli art
1876.— J. Zimmerman, Jamas Ozenbaugh, n. P. EJthcart, 0. 3L Walker.
1876. — J. Zimtneruiun, J. Ozenbaugh, A. Van Gordon, G. A. Trauger, 0.

31. Walker.
1877.— Duniol Labar, G. A. Trauger, James Ozenbaugh, Isaac Tilinan,

William 0. Von O K ...

1878.— William ". Van Oompen, Isaac R. Tilman, Daniel Labar.
1879.— Daniel M. Depne, I-aac Bunnell, Amos J. Van Gordon.
1 -mi.— I'.uii. 1 M. liepue. .I.ilui Ziiiiiii.-riiiiin, I?aac Bunnell.


located at the foot of the Blue Mountain, in the
northeast end. of the township, on the banks of the
stream of the same name, contains :t grist-mill,
blacksmith-shop, Methodist Episcopal church, school-
qousi hotel, store, and about a dozen 'l» ■

At this company's works, in the southwest end of

the township, :u the " Water Gap," is :i Bmall collec-
tion of houses built for the aecommod:
employed in the preparation of slate for the market,

There is no oilier village or hamlet within the
borders of this township.

:ire three school districts in this township.

In 1839 there was not a school-house in it The ap-



portionment from State appropriation for 1879 for
Pahaquarry was §697.96.


The first school in this township was in 1840-41.
In those years the Methodists erected a small frame
building on the hill near the graveyard at Mill
Brook, under which was a basement, built and used
for school purposes until 186S, when the frame was
moved down the hill to its present location and con-
verted into a school-house. The first teacher in the
old basement school-room was Edmund L. Gregg.
The school-house is valued at $300. There are in
the district 45 children of school age, with 41 on
school register, and an average attendance in 1880 of
18, with a seating capacity in the school-house for 56
pupils. There was employed in the district this year
one male teacher and an appropriation of $300, with
nine months' school.


The present school-house in this district was built
in 1877. Previous to this the schools, when there
were any, for a number of years were taught in private
houses. The old Depue school-house, that stood on
the corner of the road west of Daniel M. Depue's,
went to decay many years ago, and was abandoned
for school purposes. The present school-house stands
near the mouth of " Mill Brook" Creek, opposite
Apochsanoc Island, and is valued at $700, and the
appropriations for this year were $300, with nine
months' school. There are 48 pupils in the district
of school age and only 30 on school register, and yet
only an average attendance of 15. The school-house
will accommodate 50 pupils.


The present school-house was built in 1878, and is
valued at $350, and will accommodate 30 scholars.
The last appropriation for this district was $97.96 for
four months' school. There are 28 children in the
district of school age, and 26 registered, with an aver-
age attendance in 1880 of 16, and one male teacher


The pioneer preachers in this township, as far as is
now known, were Manning Force and George Bang-
hart, who found their way to the seclusion of Paha-
quarry in the latter part of the last century or early
in that of the present. When Coonrad Welter located
in this valley, in 1839, where he now lives, his house
became the preacher's home, and "Coon" Welter's
was known as the " Methodist tavern." This was also
one of the preaching-places or "appointments" on
Force and Banghart's five hundred mile circuit. The
tooting of the " itinerant's tin horn" announced his
approach to any settlement, and whether the preach-
ing hour was in the afternoon or evening the old
" circuit-rider" was always welcomed by a large

gathering of the pioneers for miles around. Style
was not in fashion in those days. Women would go
on foot for miles dressed in their tidy "homespun"
and calico sun-bonnet, and the big girls were not
ashamed to dress in the same economical style of
their mothers, and, for shoes and stockings, nature fur-
nished them in the summer, while in winter the home-
made "cow-hides" were not a bit too coarse for the
genuine young lady of " ye olden times." As for the
men, if they went coatless and hatless, with their torn
trousers a few inches too short at either end, and their
feet as bare as Father Adam's, no exceptions were
taken by any one. They went to church in their
" Sunday best" the same as we do. They went to
hear the plain unvarnished truth as it fell in thunder-
tones from the lips of those old itinerants, and not
the fine-spun theories of the present day. But the
world moves, and so does the machinery of the

No effort, previous to 1839, had been made to erect
a house of worship in this township, and it was not
till 1840, when Bev. Henry Mains came on this cir-
cuit, that the old church and school-house combined
was projected.

Mr. Mains was preceded in 1839 by Rev. Baker,
who formed a class at Mill Brook, at the house of
Coonrad Welter, with Mr. Welter as leader, the mem-
bers being Mary Welter, Dingman Decker and wife,
Uriah Hill, and Sarah Hill. Of this original class
only two still survive, — Coonrad Welter and Sarah

When the old church was projected it became
necessary to elect trustees, when Coonrad Welter,
Uriah Hill, Dingman Decker, and Benjamin Shoe-
maker were duly elected trustees for the Methodist
Society at Mill Brook.

The church was built on the knoll near the grave-
yard at Mill Brook, with a stone basement. The base-
ment was used for school purposes, in which was
taught the district school. The upper or frame part
was used for church purposes. As the society in-
creased in numbers a new and modern church was
projected in 1860, while Rev. Ambrose S. Compton
was on this charge. A building committee, consist-
ing of Jesse T. Welter, Coonrad Welter, and others,
were appointed, and the present commodious and
substantial edifice was erected during the summer of
1860. It is of wood, about 32 by 48 feet, and cost

The corner-stone was laid by Rev. Cornelius Clark,
who also preached upon the occasion, and the church
was dedicated in the fall of 1860 by Rev. C. S. Van
Cleve, assisted by Rev. A. S. Compton.

The following preachers have served the people
since 1837, and very nearly in the order in which they
are named :

1839, Baker; 1840, Henry Mains, William O. Nolaon, Henry Beoglo

and Charles S. Coit, Reuben Vaneyckle, William Copp, Abraham M.
Harris, John L. Hays, William V. Kelley, Isaac W. Cole, John W.



Young In 1802; George Miller, Isaac Thomaa, Willi I D

Bon, in 1860, for three years; J. B. Motbie, In 1869. for Hire
George Miller, in l«7:i, for three years; J. B. Matins, in 1870 ; .1"!"'
F. Dodd, John W. Barrett, Thomas Hall, and William II. I

Presenl membership i- I". Pr< - nl value of church
property is $2000. The trustees in 1880 were Coon-
rad Welter, Philip S. Garis, J. O. Stickles, P. Van
Born, and 8. V. Etibble.


There arc three or four burial-places in this town-
ship, and in the one al Mill Brook can be Been the
following inscriptions upon some of the tombstones i

Abraham Garis, died Sept. 2, 1878, ngi d 77 | Sarah Garis, died May 17.
1876, aged 76; Anna M. G ■ ■ ' l7 i Busannah

Lahomadl died Dec 18,1868,8

24,181 Ue f, wife of C ad Welter, died April 8, 1847,

aged 42; EHJah Welter, died In i >'■■ Von

Gordon, died Aug. 22, 1877, aged 28.

There are also two burial-places al Calno, and
an [ndian burial-place is mentioned In Barber and
Howe's "Historical Collections," although the pro-
perty mentioned is not now owned by the same par-

"(in the fur f Abraham Vim Camp, n, K-.|., near the blaeksmltli-

jhop "i Andrew nibble-, In the central part of the township, there was
0DC< an Indian hurlal-plauo. Man) -k-letons mid relics li.i-
plowed op, snch as grans, kettles, blankets, crucifixes, boll-buttons,
beads, plpos, etc. A few years aince the skeleton of what Is supposed to

bavel n a Han chief was disinterred. Hewas li 1 wrapped In

a blanket, in a sort of stone coffin, and burled In bis war costume, deckod

nl ids and all tb" paraphernalia of savage splendor. A gun lay on

with the breech at bin feet and the barrel across bis -
i iv. i these lay his arms, with the bunds folded across his breast, undor
Which lay two scions crossod. Behind Ids neck was his tobacco-box and
ammunition. Sovoral crosses were placed on bis body; among which, on

his breast, was a largo brass one, nicely cast, bearing on o Ide Hi"

figure of Christ, and on U tb representing His ascension."

There have been at different periods several iinlu-
tries entered into by various parties « ith varied suc-

Cess. dust when, or where, or by whom 30mB of the
old saw-mills were built is a difficult matter to de-
termine. There have been two grist-mills in the
low nship, and there are tWO at present.

The grist-mill at Mill l'.rook village was huill in
is:',-.', i iv A liram Garis, and is mm owned and oper-
ated by B. 1>. Fuller. John Zimmerman is the owner
and operator of a saw-mill ai ( lalno. There is also a
grist- and saw-mill at Brotzmanville.

There are several old mine- [iron, copper, and zinc
in this township, none of which are being worked al

present. The "Delaware Water Gap Slate Com-

pany" are manufacturing roofing slate in this town-
ship, from slate quarried in Cnowlton township.

In 1886 a Mr. Snyder I lmenecd the manufacture

of school slate in the southwesl end of this township,
a short distance from Mr. Evans' quarry, over the
line in Knowlton, He continued the business till
about L840, when he sold to Dr. Isaac WyckoffA Son.

who continued the business until the junior W'yekoii;

Stephen II., died, ill 1861. l'Olilej tlli- tillle til. &C-

tory was operated by water-power. At the death of
young Wvekoii'ihe property was purchased by a com-
pany, who enlarged the capacity of the work- ami

added steam-power. Since that time B. F. Howey
conducted thi business until his election as sheriff',
in the fall of L880, when the factory was leased to

Bimonds, who i- the present operator. I
;. oni of the most extensive work- of the kind in the
United States, and gives constant employment to 50


The location of the copper-mine holes is near
shoemaker'- old " Union Hotel," about half-way from

Delaware Water I lap on the SOUth to Walpaek Bend

al the northeast end of the township, and near Mine

Brook. There are several points along the ravine

wheresearch bas been made for ore. Oneaditruns
in about 150 feel from the ravine on a southwest trend,
ami then turns to a northwest course. Above this an
inclined shaft run- down on the dip of the rock. The
sandstone here i- of a light-gray color, and much of

ii is stained by the carbonates of copper. Some of the
mine-holes, as before mentioned, are supposed to have
been opened prior to 1664 by the emigrants from
Holland, who entered this valley from the Hudson
River through I Ister County.* The last time any

• The following, from" Hamrd's R litontho

early settlements on the Delaware, in this 9* til country. I

traded from the letters written by Samuel Prest Ksi|., and doted Stock-
port, June Sand II, 1828:

"Mbenwunk, Mink Holts, Bra— In 17-7 the writer went on bis first

surveying t..nr into Northampton County; he was deputy under John

oived from him by way of Instructions

the following narrari the settlement of Meenesink, on the

Delaware, above the Klttany and Bine Mountain :

"Thai tti" settlement was formed a long time before ltwaa known to tha

Qover nt in Philadelphia. Thatwhen Governm

the settle nt, they i id a Uvw.in 1729, thai any such purchases of the

Indiana al Id be void, and the purchasers Indicted Ibr'forclble entry

and detainer,' according t" the law .if England. That In 1730 they ap-
pointed an agent to go and investigate the facta: that the agent nap-
,,. ,int.-.I was Hi.- falii..iissnn.-.v.ii, Si. In da- >. .ill; lli.n

i N. Scull's apprentice rod learn surveying. That
he accompanied N. Scull. As they hah underal I and could talk In-
dian, thej lie ■ ■i.iinii." guides I had a fatiguing Journey, tl

no whlto Inhabitants In the upper part of Bm i n OountJ ;

,i,.,. tin . i. '" ' i ' ' al d iltj to lead tbi li b n ■ through the

It.n.r QajJ to Mi ■ ai I '■"'■ wl,n

several only could they be understood In Indian. Atthevenel
,,. I Dnpnls' the] found greal hospitality and plenty ■•( the n.s esaaries of
life. J. Lukena sold that the tir-t thing that struck his admiration was
a prow o/ appls-trest o/ sfae/ai or PhOaMpKa. II

Scull and him-.df examined the haul.-. Ihej were tally of U

that all those Data had al very former age been .. deep lake before

the river broke through the mountain, and thai the h..st Inter]
they could make of Meom tar is pom. ThatS

told them when the riTori wore froie had ■ g I road la t »pus(now

Kingston) from the niton Hobs, on the mine r..a.l s-.m.- hundred miles.
Thai ha look his wheal and elder there foe salt and neoessari
not appear to have an] 1 wiedgeoi ideawh thi rivei ran, Philadel-
phia ninrkot, or being In tl»' governmenl of Ponns]
"They were ..f opinion lhal the Ural settlements of Ins Hollander! in
than William Ponn"s charter, and o»

S Duputs had treated n

his claim I ■■>■ " '" " ,!



work was done here was about eighteen years ago, by
a Philadelphia firm, but very little ore was then ob-


; an old Indian laid his hand i

i string and go home? then they quit

survey, the Indians gathered aro
Scull's shoulder and said, ' Put up
and returned. . . .

"I had it in charge from John Lukens to learn more particulars re-
specting the mine road to Esopus, etc. I found Nicholas Dupuis, Esq.
(son of Samuel), living in a spacious stone house in great plenty and af-
fluence. The old mine holes were a few miles ahove, on the Jersey side of
the river, by the lower point of Pahaqnarry Flat; that the Meenesink
settlement extended forty miles or more on both sides of the river. That
he had well known the mine road to Esopus, and used, before he opened
the boat channel through the Foul Rift, to drive on it several times every
■winter with loads of wheat and cider, as also did his neighbors to purchase
their salt and necessaries in Esopus, having then no other market or
knowledge where the river ran to. That after a navigable channel was
opened through Foul Rift they generally took to boating, and most of
the settlement turned their trade down stream, the mine road became less
and less traveled.

" This interview with the amiable Nicholas Dupuis, Esq., was in June,
1787. He then appeared about sixty years of age. I interrogated as to
the particulars of what he knew as to when and by whom the mine road
was made, what was the ore they dug and hauled un it, what was the date,
and from whence and how came the first settlers of Meenesink in such
great numbers as to take up all the flats on both sides of the river for
forty miles.

"He could only give traditional accounts of what he had heard from
older people, without date, in substance as follows:

"'That in some former age there came a company of miners from Hol-
land, supposed from the great labor expended in making that road, about
one hundred miles long, that they were very rich, or great people in
working the two mines, one on the Delaware where the mountain nearly
approaches the lower point of Pahaquarry Flat, the other at the north
foot of the same mountain, hear half-way between the Delaware and
Esopus. He ever understood that abundance of ore had been hauled on
that road, but never could learn whether lead or silver. That the first
settlers came from Holland to seek a place of quiet, being persecuted for
their religion. I believe they were Arminians. They followed the mine
road to the large flats on the Delaware; that smooth cleared laud and
abundance of large apple-trees suited their views; that they bona fide
bought the improvements of the native Indians, most of whom then re-
moved to Susquehanna; that with such as remained there was peace and
friendship until 1755.'

"I then went to view the Pahaquarry mine holes. There appeared to

At this point the old "mine road" terminated,
which afforded them an outlet for their ores at Kings-
ton, on the Hudson River, — a road 100 miles in length,
and which must have been constructed at great ex-
penditure of capital and labor. Inasmuch as this
road was built before the advent of the first settlers
in the valley of the Delaware, and terminated at the
mines, it is difficult to conceive what other object than
that of conveying the ores to market could have in-
duced its construction. The traditions which have
always prevailed respecting these mines — that they
were opened by a company from Holland at a very
early time, and that copper was taken from them —
are supported by some historic evidence. In the
" Documentary History of New York," we find that
" Claaus De Ruyter exhibited in Amsterdam, Hol-
land, in 1659, specimens of copper ore taken from the
Minisinks in America."

have been a great abundance of labor done there at some former time,
but the mouths of these holes were caved full and overgrown with hushes.
I concluded to myself if there ever had been a rich mine under that
mountain, it must be there yet in close confinement. The other old men
I conversed with gave their traditions similar to Nicholas Dupuis, and
they all appeared to be grandsons of the first settlers, and generally very
illiterate as to dates and anything relating to chronology.

"In the summer of 1789 1 began to build on this place; there came two
venerable gentlemen on a surveying expedition. They were the late Gen.
James Clinton, the father of the late De Witt Clinton, and Christopher
Tappan, Esq., clerk and recorder of Ulster County. For many years be-
fore they had both been surveyors under Gen. Clinton's father when he
was surveyor-general. In order to learn some history from gentlemen
of their general knowledge, I accompanied them in the woods. They
both well knew the mine holes, mine road, etc., and as there was no kind
of documents or records thereof united in the opinion that it was a work
transacted while the State of New York belonged to the government of
Holland; that it fell to the English in 1G64, and that the change of gov-
ernment stopped the mining business, and that the road must have been
made many years before so much digging could have been done. That
it undoubtedly must have been the first good road of that extent ever
made in any part of the United States."


The township of Franklin embraces an area nearly
five miles square, including 12,621 acres, the most of
which is arable land. It is bounded northeast by
the township of Washington, southeast by the town-
ship of Bethlehem, in Hunterdon County, west by
the township of Greenwich, and northwest by Har-
mony. The township, though not among the latest
•of the county in point of settlement, can claim but
little antiquity in point of organization, having been
one of the townships erected in 1839. It has three
villages within its limits, two of them manifesting

* By E. 0. Wagner.

a fair degree of enterprise. The Morris and Essex
division of the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western
Railroad passes through the township with a station
at Broadway, and the Central Railroad of New Jersey
also has a station near Asbury, in Hunterdon County.
The Morris Canal traverses the northern portion of
Franklin, affording additional shipping facilities.
The total amount of real estate in the township, as
returned in 1880, was $968,867 ; of personal, $563,895 ;
of personal indebtedness, $336,629 ; leaving the total
amount of taxable property as $1,196,133.

The rate per cent, for the last year was $7.55 per



The soil of the township is principally composed
of clay with an admixture of gravel. Very little
sand is found within its borders. In the south por-
tion a ridge of slate about one and a half miles in
extent, is apparent. The soil is usually productive
ami well adapted to the raising of most grains, very
prolific crops of which are annually harvested. The
surface is undulating, exhibiting while traveling
through the township frequent elevations and di pn -
edons. The Pohatcong range of mountains run- 1 trans-
versely across the township, and the Bcotfs Mountain
touches the northwestern edge. The Musconetcong
River follows the southern boundary line of Franklin
township, and the Pohatcong Creek together with
minor streams refresh it- oorthera territory. Iron
ore has been discovered in some localities in the
township, but little labor has as yet been expended
in its excavation. Numerous limekilns have been
built in Localities where linn-tone prevails.


The township of Franklin was settled during the
period immediately preceding and following the
Revolutionary war. Her pioneer- have long since
passed away, many of them leaving no descendants
in the town-hip. Others who still survive have no
recollection of early events, and the task of collecting
history in Franklin is, therefore, a difficult one.

Among the prominent, though possibly not an _

the very earliest settlers, is the family of Lomerson,
of German extraction, some members of which left
their country at an early date, and, choosing New

as a I te, settled in < Ixford township. A son

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 177 of 190)