James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

. (page 182 of 190)
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ing: "Elizabeth, wile of Edward Demund, died June 7, 1772." This
was probably the first interment.

was no other school-house within three or four miles.
A brick school-house now occupies its site.

In the year 1810, or thereabouts, Col. William Mc-
Cullough gave to the township a small strip of ground
for school purposes, upon which lot is now located
the chapel of the Methodist Episcopal Church in
Washington. The original lot was 20 feet wide for a
depth of 20 feet, and 1 rod wide for the additional
depth of 130 feet. Subsequently, Mr. Bruner, who
owned adjoining lands, gave ground sufficient to
make it a full lot, 30 feet wide for its whole length of
150 feet. Col. McCullough, who during his lifetime
was an earnest friend of the cause of education,
caused to be erected upon the lot a small building,
and, with the co-operation of others, started a school
therein. This building, with subsequent repairs, was
in use until about twenty years or so ago, when it was
rebuilt to the present structure, and continued to be
occupied as a school until 1862, when a new house
was built on another site, — north of the Presbyterian
church on Jayne Street. The last-named school-
house was destroyed by fire a few years later, but was
promptly rebuilt on the same lot, on a much larger
scale, at a cost of $26,000.

There have been several other schools kept in the
village of Washington. Esquire Vliet, in connection
with others, put up a small building near the location
of the present school-house, in which a school was kept
for a few years ; it was then sold and turned into a
dwelling. Among the private or select schools of the
place may be mentioned one started by Dominie Jelly
during his pastorate here, which was kept for two or
three years, and quite successfully, in Shields' build-
ing. Pie exercised a supervision over it, and among
the teachers there employed were Misses Liddell and
Taylor. The latter, a daughter of James D. Taylor
(now Mrs. Prouty), and a graduate of the Normal
School, taught elocution. Since that time until the
present she has conducted a select school in Wash-

There are in the township five school districts,
named and numbered as follows : Pleasant Valley,
26; Brass Castle, 27; Fairmount, 28; Jackson Val-
ley, 29; and Port Colden, 30. Their names will
readily indicate their location.

From the last annual report of the county superin-
tendent, Joseph S. Smith, of Asbury, for 1879, the
following is extracted :

The amount received from the State appropriation was $1537.08 ; dis-
trict school-tax voted for payment of teachers' salaries, #300 ; district
school-tax voted for building, repairs, etc., $50; making a total of $1887.08
received from all sources. Balance in the hands of the collector, exclu-
sive of money for building and repairing purposes, $395.08.

The present value of tho school property in the five districts is $0300.
Two male and three female teachers are employed, — one teacher to each
district. There are 305 children between tho ages of five and eighteen
years residing in the township, of whom 294 have been onrolled in the
school register during the year just passed. The present school accom-
modation is very good, the houses being able to comfortably seat 360
pupils. During the past year the schools were kept for an average of
nearly ton months, with an average attendance during that time of 172
scholars. Districts 20 and 30 have each small school libraries.



An account of the Washington public school will
be found in the history of the borough.

The villages of this township are Port Colden,
Ohangewater, and Brass Castle. Oxford Furnace is
situated almost entirely within oxford township, and
is described in the history of that civil division.


This place, a post-village, said to be named in honor
of Cadwalader Colden, is located in the east pari of
the township, upon the Morris Canal and the Morris
and Essex Railroad, it <-i>nt;iiii- a hotel, the Ebro
House, two or three -tores, a blacksmith-shop, whet 1-
wright-shop, brick-kiln, a distillery (John Opdyki
proprietor i, and a Bchool-house. Its boat-yard on
the canal-basin, formerly run by A.. Gaylord, is now
dismantled and inoperati\ e. Be is aoi en
the organ business, Simon Nunn is proprietor of one
of the -ton-, and A. M. Xunn is the present post-


A small settlement, earl] known as the Forge, but
more recently as Changewater Post-Office, is located

in the SOUth part of the township, on the Mil

cong, at the point where it ia cro I by the I Delaware,

Lackawanna and Western Railroad. It contains a
large flouring-mill, operated by Cornelius Stewart ; a
looking-glass and picture-frame factory, former!] an

incorporated i tpany, but now owned and operated

by the individual enterprise of Marshall K. Burd ;
a -ton', post-Office, and a lew dwellings.

Changewater i- noted in Warren County as the

seine of the murder of the ( 'astner family, of whom

but two little boys (Victor and John I', escaped.

They are now grown to maul I and identified with

the business of the thrifty little settlement. Victor
i- the present postmaster. The graves of the mur-
derers, Carter and Parks, hung in 1844, are a -hurt

distance north of the village.

I In -• v. ral limestone-quarries located here and in
the vicinity are considered among the best in the

county. A very large amount of -tone is -hipped

daily to the ( (xford furnace i lonsiderable flour and
fei d i- al-o shipped from tin- point.

BE \ - C \- 1 i i

This settlement, situated northwest of Washington

Borough, in the northwest pari of the township, is
mereU a rural hamlet, built upon the north bank of

the canal, h contains a school-house, a grist-mill, a

saw-mill, blacksmith-shop, etc. It has no post-office.

John 0. Eartpence relates that when he was a boj

he heard old men tell thai one Jacob Brass here

erected his castle of logs, which led to the name of
"Brass Castle." This i- th< I> explanation of its

origin which ha- come I" us. II Id "canal -lore,"

which once did a thriving trade, is a thing of the

past; was changed into a paper-mill and finally
burned down.

There are but two post-offices in the township, —

Port Colden and Changewater. Other settlements
an- [mladale and Fainnount. The former, nearly
opposite New Hampton Junction, contains the -_r r i - 1 -
mill of Peter < Iramer, a store, and several dwellings :

the latter con-i-t- of a BChool-hOUSe, the foundry of

Michael B. Bowers, the old Van Dorei « G

mill, and a few dwelling- and tenant-houses.


A hotel was kept at on.- time by Joseph Wilson in
the stone house now occupied by Joseph Rosenberry
on Broad Street.

There was early a tavern on the hill, kept by a Mr.
Butler as its last host. The locality was known as

Imla Drake kept the old Washington House (on
the -it, .it' the Windsor for two or three year-, about.
1813; later Nick Kniiuan- and Henry Bogart were
landlord- in tin- villa

The " Washington," built by McCullough, was kept,

by .lames Doolittle about 1850; later by John C.

and Josiah Linn, a son-in-law of Mr. Bruner,

of Easton, who purchased it about is;,; (whosi -on

wa- landlord for a while), and subsequently -

Col. Strader. The latter kept it several years, then

disposed of it to .Samuel Weller in 1864, at which
time two stories were added, making it a four-story
building. Byron French ran it a while. John Can-
held took char, in tin' spring ill.':;'; \\ lib un A
I loin in May. lNti'.l. W. A. Horn and .Faeub S. Vought
were proprietors at the time it was burned, in ISG'.l.

When rebuilt by Van Doren & Son it was christened
the "Van Doren House," but ii- name was changed
a few years since to the " Windsor."

Ih, present "Washington Bouse," near the depot,

was ope I in December, 1S7!>, by . I ante- Nolan, who

still owns and conduct- it.

The " Verandah" was built by Alexander Met Jlary,
about 1855, as a dwelling for himself; when Malone
hit the brick tavern, be purchased of McClary, ami

Changed it into a tavern, who thr ■ lour year- later

sold it to Jacob Pence, his son-in-law. The latter

died and hit it to hi- widow, who leased it to J. S.

Gaston, C. Person L868 , and other successive tenants.

In July, 1868, its name was changed to "Union

Hotel, "and V recently to the "St. Cloud." line

of it- hosts was Nicholas Marlciii-. (J. V. C. Boag-

land purchased it about 1874; it subsequently passed

through the hand- of Mr. Ward and the late Samuel

Weller, and in March, 1879, was purchased by 0. !■".
Staats, tin- present proprietor. It i- inn feet front,
thr. e stories high.

t Thor- , the -I., i, in. -Hi- of tha old

iv tsTorni which tin- writ





The main occupation of the inhabitants of this
township is that of husbandry, — the raising of grain,
stock, etc. The various mechanic arts are also repre-
sented on a small scale, and mills, tanneries, distilleries,
quarries, etc., abound in different parts of the town-

There are iron-mines in the northeast corner of the
township, near Oxford Furnace; also a stone-quarry,
between Washington and Changewater, on the lands of
J. Sullivan. Jacob Snyder's quarry is one of the
most extensive in the county. There is a brick-kiln
at Port Colden. Numerous lime-kilns, — one west of
Changewater, owned by S. H. Brown, one at that
place, J. Sullivan proprietor, another between Port
Colden and Changewater, and one at Brass Castle.
James Biddle does a large business in lime-burning
at his quarries near the Musconetcong.

Formerly a brewery was in operation near Oxford
Furnace by W. & A. Kimple, but it has not been
running for three or four years. The distillery at
Port Colden has been for many years carried on by
John Opdyke.

Canal-boat building was formerly quite an industry
in Port Colden and Washington village. In 1872
from sixty to seventy hands were employed at the
latter place, and about thirty boats built during the
spring of that year. This industry is now obsolete
in this section.

Van Doren's grist-mill, northwest of the borough,
on the Pohatcong, was built by Peter T. B. Van
Doren, in the year 1838. The charter to use the water
of the Morris Canal for this mill was obtained March
7, 1865. The mill was burned March 22, 1871, but
was rebuilt in 1879 by Mrs. W. F. B. Gurnee, its pres-
ent owner. Another mill, on the Pohatcong Creek,
about one and a half miles southwest of the borough,
was known early as Sherrerd's, next as Warne's (he
was Sherrerd's son-in-law), and later as Mattison's,
but now owned by the New York Life Insurance
Company. This must have been built as early as
1800, for it was an old mill as far back as the earliest
recollections of the oldest living citizen.



His grandfather Cramer, a resident of Hunterdon
County, died in middle life, leaving two sons, Noah
and Peter, and two daughters, Mary and Elizabeth.

Noah Cramer, father of our subject, born in 1801,
on account of the death of his father, was in early
life thrown upon his own resources, but, possessed
of a naturally self-reliant disposition and a will to
do, he met the obstacles incident to boyhood and a
struggle for place with that resolution and manly

spirit that so characterized him in after-life. He
married, in 1821, Ann, daughter of Peter Huffman, of
Lebanon. Her father was the possessor of several
farms and three mills, and was an enterprising busi-
ness man of that township. He was a large contrib-
utor in the building of the Dutch Reformed church
edifice of Lebanon, and one of the founders of the
church there. She was born on June 3, 1794, and
survives in 1880, well preserved in both body and
mind, and able to dictate many facts for this sketch.

Noah Cramer, while a young man, engaged in mill-
ing, and carried on that industry for several years at
Asbury, New Hampton, and Imlaydale. He pur-
chased the mill property at the latter place, and the
farm connected therewith, in 1848, both of which he
carried on until 1857, when he sold the mill property
to his son, Peter Cramer, and afterwards only carried
on his farm. His life was wholly devoted to business
pursuits, and by industry and judicious management
he secured a good competency. He died March 11,
1875, leaving a widow and four children, — viz., Mary,
Peter, John, and Elizabeth.

Peter Cramer was born near Germantown, in Hun-
terdon County, Feb. 10, 1 824. His boyhood was spent
at home and attending the district school. At the
early age of fourteen he went to work in the mill of
his father, and continued at this business during the
remainder of his minority, during which time he by
experience had really become a practical miller. In
1845 he married Miss Sarah, daughter of Samuel and
Nancy (Large) Skinner, of Bethlehem, of which
union have been born three children, — Anna (wife
of Rev. J. B. Kugler, a Presbyterian clergyman),
Margaret (wife of H. D. Underwood), and Samuel S.

Mr. Cramer continued his business as a miller in
various places until the purchase of his father's grist-
mill at Imlaydale, on the Musconetcong. The same
year of his purchase he built the mill now standing
on the old site, where he has since continued to do
business, and where he has continuously resided. He
was one of the founders of the Clinton Bank (now
Clinton National Bank), and remained a director of it
for eighteen years. He was one of the organizers of
the First National Bank of Clinton, Hunterdon Co.,
and has remained a director since.

While a young man Mr. Cramer took an active
interest in local politics, and as a member of the
old Whig party cast his first vote. He was among
the foremost in the organization of the Republican
party in Warren County in 1855-56, and has since re-
mained firm in support of the principles of that party.
He has been frequently honored as a delegate to
county and State conventions, and in the memorable
National Republican Convention held at Chicago in
1880 he was selected as alternate delegate. In the
fall of 1878, Mr. Cramer was elected to the State
Senate from Warren County, by a majority of two
hundred and thirty-nine, although the county is

/^ ^/sh&x^z^


James Gibson emigrated from County Derry, Ireland, just
after the close of the Revolutionary war, accompanied by his
two sons, John and James, and his two daughters, Jane and
Elizabeth. Very little is known of his whereabouts after ar-
riving in this country, further than the fact that he was en-
gaged at work at Union Furnace, Hunterdon Co., where he
was killed at about the age of seventy years.

His son James, father of our subject, soon after arriving here
purchased and settled on the farm owned and occupied by his
eldest son, John, in 18S0, then containing one hundred and
twenty acres. Subsequent additions by the son have made the
farm to contain about one hundred and forty-three acres.
James Gibson found only a few acres cleared on his new home-
stead and a log house; but he was able to pay for his property,
which cost about four dollars per acre. His life was cut short
at the age of about forty-two, in the year 1807, leaving to mourn
his loss a widow (formerly Sarah Parkhurst) and five children,
— viz., John, Benjamin, James, Jane (who became the wife of
Rynier Van Sickel), and Margaret (who became the wife of
John Foss). After her husband's death the mother, with the
help of her eldest son, then thirteen years of age, began the
struggle for the support of the family and to keep the home-
stead unencumbered; and here she taught them those lessons
of economy and self-reliance which proved so useful to them
in after-years. After living to see all her children grow up to
manhood and womanhood, and become useful members of so-
ciety, in the year 1855, at the ripe ago of eighty-eight years
five months and twenty-nine days, this venerable, devoted
woman and mother died.

John Gibson, eldest son of James and Sarah Gibson, was
born on the farm where he now resides, Jan. 28, 1794. On ac-
count of the death of his father so early in life his educational
opportunities were very limited, as his time was almost altogether
required in assisting his mother in working the farm. On this

farm he has resided all his life. The axe, the plow, and the hoe
have been familiar to him in every-day life. Many years ago
he erected a commodious farmhouse, barns, and othor buildings
necessary for the accommodation of his family and tho pro-
ducts of his productive fields.

Everything about his place bespeaks the industry, thrift,
and prosperity of its owner, who for eighty-six years has lived,
and for seventy years of which time has been constant in his
watchfulness of everything pertaining to the best cultivation
of his farm.

Mr. Gibson is a man of good practical judgment, and es-
teemed for his honesty of purpose in all his dealings.

He has always been interested in tho affairs of his township,
and during sixty-five years has been a member of the Demo-
cratic party. For some twenty years ho held tho office of over-
seer of the poor, was collector of taxes for eight years, and
officiated some twelve years as constable in his township. In
the performance of all the duties incumbent upon him in these
several offices his integrity was never questioned, or his good
character and correct habits impaired. It is a matter of fact
worthy of note here that during his entire life ho has never
drank to exceed a half dozen glasses of liquor.

He married Sarah, daughter of John and Elizabeth Mowder,
who died Oct. ^0, 1S77, aged seventy-seven years and five
months. Their children aro Mary, wife of Abram S. Couglo ;
Elizabeth, wife of Henry Cole; Charles; Sarah, wife of Robert
Pierson; John; Susan, wife of James Biglor; Johnson; Jnno,
wife of James Emmans; James; Emma; and Honry.

Mr. Gibson has lived to see tho labor-saving machines in
every branch of industry tako tho place of manual labor. His
boyhood datos back to tho infancy of our republic, and in his
ripe old age, well preserved in body and mind, ho recounts
with much interest matters that transpired threc-qunvtora of a
century ago.

jf. Mafam<rt_s

AsnnEW M. Ndsn, eldest son of Jacob and Mai; (Miller)
Nunn, wms born •Tun. 18,1819. Hi- great-grandfather, Benjamin
Nunn. came from England prior to the Revolutionary war and
probably during the early part of the eighteenth century, and
settled on land near Pleasant Grove, in .Morris County, and at
his death left his property entailed. II is son John succeeded
to tho estate of his father, upon which he resided during his
life, and died about 1829 at the age of sixty-five. His wife was
{Catherine Slyker, who died in |s|o. Their children wore Jacob,
Isaac, William, Alfred, John, Betsey, Sally, l'olly, Peggy, Euic-
line, and Ann.

Jacob, oldest son of John Nunn and father of our subject,

bout 17SI3, married, in Isis. Mary, a daughter of Andrew

Miller, one of the early settlers of Mansfield township, and w ho
kept an inn and owned :t large tract of hind near Pennwell,
where his grandsons, Jacob H. and John C. Miller, now reside.
Sho was born in 1794, and died April 2, 1868. Their children
woro Andrew M., Catherine (wife of Henry C. Davis, of
Btephensbnrg, N. J.), Elijah W., George T., and Jacob S.
(died young).

Jaoob Nunn was a farmer through life, a part of which time
ho occupied the old Miller homestead, and fur some time the
property subsequently owned by Chambers Davis, where he
kept an inn in connection with farming. During the latter
part of his life he disposed of the property settled by his grand-
father near Pleasant Grove, lie died Hot. 18, 1842. H
was a devoted woman, and gave much attention to tho propor
training of her children in all that pertains to truo manhood
and womanhood.

Andrew M. Nunn resided at home during his minority, where
ho was employed on the farm, and where he learned the inesti-
mable lessons that industry, economy, and self-relianeo are the
foundation principles upon whioh a successful oareer i- basi I,
Unassisted pecuniarily upon reaching his majority, but with

a resolution to do something, he started lo carve out a 1 is

and property for himself. For several year- following 1889 he
was a clerk ill a general store at Port Murray, and near where
Madison's Mill now -land- in Washington town-hip, and for
some lime had charge of a store for William M. Warm-, in Mon-

roe Co., Pa., who was the successor of Moore Furmun, near
I . m's Mil). In I 345 he was book-keeper for G. W. and S.
T. Scranton & Co., at Oxford Furnace, and the following year
went West on a prospecting tour with a view of settlement,
returning the same year. In December, 1S46, he married
Nancy, a daughter of Jacob Wyckoff, whose father, Simon,
was the tirst settler of the family in Jackson Valley, and lo-
cated there in 1771. Sho was born June 8, 1824, was a de-
voted Christian woman, and a member of the Presbyterian
Church at Washington. She died May 24, 1875. The children
horn of this union were Miller R., David P. S., Simon W.. Mary
(died young), Andrew M., and Lizzie (died in 1880).

By prudence Mr. Nunn had saved enough to start 1
for himself, and April 1, 184", in connection with Jacob H.
Miller, he opened a general store at Pennwell. After six months
Mr. Miller sold his interest in the businoss to John C. Miller,
his brother, and the new firm carried on trade for some live
years, when Mr. Nunn bought his partner's interest and con-
tinued the business until 1854. For seven years following ho
carried on mercantile business at New Hampton, and in March,
1S62, established himself in trade at Port Coldcn.on the Morris
Canal, where he has continued to do a successful busitp
in general merchandising and canal supplies,

Mr. Nairn's business life has been ono of constant activity,
and his judicious management such as to secure a fair com-
pel, ii,.;-. Following in the line of hi- father, he ca-i his first

vote for Gen. Harrison in the old Whig party, and u| the

organization of tho Republican party became a supporter of its
principle-, for three year- he sen ed as collector of the town-
ship "f Washington. Although ho had limited opportunities
for book knowledge while a hoy. his clerkship secured him a
practical businoss eduoation, nnd he may safely he numbered
among the intelligent ami solid business men of Warren Cunty.

He has always been intere-ted in local enterprises tending to
the prosperity of the place where he has resided, and has been

of the Port Colilcn Building nnd Loan Asso
-iioe it- organisation, in 1870. He ha- been a member of tho
Kin Church at Washington for many years, and offi-
cially connected as elder of the church.


Jacob Wyckoff, eldest son of John K. Wyckoff,
was born on the old homestead, Aug. 24, 1832.
He early in life learned the use of the implements
necessary to carry on the farm. His education from
books was such as the school in the vicinity of home
afforded ; but he received practical lessons in agricul-
tural pursuits and in business that, while in boyhood,
impressed him with the idea that self-reliance, indus-
try, and economy were the foundation principles of
success. He married, May 9, 1868, Margaret, young-
est child and daughter of George and Mary Ann
(McDonald) Vusler, of Clarksville, Hunterdon Co.
Her father is now a resident of Washington town-
ship, Warren Co., and has reached the ripe age of
over fourscore years. Her mother died at the age of
sixty-five. Mrs. Wyckoff was born Jan. 19, 1845, and
by her marriage has had three children, — William
K., Sarah Ann (died in infancy), and Elmer Ells-

Mr. Wyckoff was a man of untiring ambition and
energy. Upon the decease of his father he succeeded
in the possession of the old homestead, which he had
carried on for many years before. This he kept
in the highest state of cultivation, and its products
gave it rank among the best farms in the county.

He may be classed as an intelligent farmer, as well as
an industrious and thoroughgoing business man. He
was a man of correct habits, kind hearted, a good
husband and father, and a useful member of society.
When necessity required he was always ready to help
by liberal contributions all worthy local objects. As
a member of the Presbyterian congregation at Wash-
ington he was a promoter of church and like interests.
He always sought the happiness of others while trying

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 182 of 190)