engaged for some time on the Morris Canal, and also
tended the lock at Port Colden, where he resided for
a while, and where he died in 1863 at the age of eighty
years. His children were Amos, John, Rachel, Mary
Susan, Isaac, and Lydia.
For some twenty years after his marriage Mr.
Skinner lived on rented farms in Hampton, Green-
wich, and Harmony townships. By industry and
economy during this time he had accumulated some
property, and in 1847 he purchased seventy-seven
acres of land near Port Colden, upon which he has
In 1857 he built his present residence, and has
erected on his place fine and commodious barns and
other buildings. Everything about his place bespeaks
thrift and the hand of an intelligent and careful agri-
culturist. Neither he nor his wife ever received any
pecuniary assistance in starting in life, and their val-
uable property is the result of many years' labor and
toil. Like his father before him he was a member of
the old Whig party, and upon the formation of the
Republican party he became a supporter of its prin-
ciples, although he takes no active interest further
than to cast his vote. Their children are John; Wil-
liam ; Mary, wife of Aaron Riegel ; Elias Smith ; Jane,
wife of William Apgar; Samuel, died May 28, 1878,
aged thirty-six, leaving a widow and three children;
Emma, died at the age of twenty-two, on March 6,
1S69 ; and James Nelson Skinner.
I.— GEOGRAPHICAL AND DESCRIPTIVE.
Mansfield is one of the south border townships
of the county.
The area of the township is 27-^ square miles, or
17,805 acres. It is bounded on the north by Hope
township, on the northeast by Independence, on the
east by Hackettstown, on the southeast by Morris
County, southwest by Hunterdon County, and on the
west and northwest by Oxford and Washington town-
According to the census of 1880, Mansfield had
1712 inhabitants. The Delaware, Lackawanna and
AVestern Railroad and the Morris Canal run through
the entire township from east to west.
II.— NATURAL FEATURES.
The surface of the township is rolling, there being
two chains of hills running its entire length from east
to west. The Musconetcong River skirts it along the
south side, and the valley is filled with beautiful pro-
ductive farms. Indeed, the soil in the bottoms, as
also on the uplands, is remarkably rich, and yields
readily to cultivation. Many farms along the river
and in the valley of the Pohatcong Creek afford sixty
to seventy-five bushels of corn to the acre, and from
one and a half to two tons of hay per acre. The soil
* By S. II. Hartley.
is chiefly limestone, but near the top of the hills it is
of a slaty nature. The valley along the Morris Ca-
nal is wide, and the hills slope off to the south gradu-
ally ; but in some places on the north side the hill
rises abruptly from the canal. Beyond this ridge,
north of the canal, is the Pohatcong valley, through
which winds the creek of that name. This has its
fountain-head in Independence township, on the stock
farm owned by Dr. W. A. Conover. The Pohatcong
runs through the township from northeast to south-
west. Along this stream the land is unusually rich.
On the north side of the Pohatcong, near the Hope
township line, is Furnace Mountain, so called from
the Oxford furnace, located there.
The two other streams running through the town-
ship are Old Hollow Brook, which has its source on
the Stewart farm, and Trout Brook, both flowing
in a southwesterly direction into the Musconetcong
Fully one-quarter of the land in Mansfield is un-
tillable on account of the rough surface of the coun-
try, yet there is probably no township in the county
that raises so much grain and hay. Although many
of the farms have been worked over one hundred
years, the soil at the present day shows no signs of
giving out. Most of the farmers burn lime and use
it on the land every few years, thereby keeping up
the richness of the soil.
There is an abundance of iron ore throughout the
hilly portion- of the township, and efforts are now
making to develop it. The Crane [ron Company was
ppened about twelve years ago and yielded 600 tons
a year, but is not now in operation. Samuel Perry
and Amos Beattj own mines out of which consider-
able ore has been taken. The John C. Welsh Mine
has turned out 2000 tons a year. Aaron Stephenson
lias an ore bank, but it has not been fully developed,
and tlie same may be said ..I' the Criger Mine. A
(ujmatite mine, owned bj Mr. shield-, i- the largest
,,,.<■ in Mansfield, it has been opened twelve year-,
and ha- yielded as high a- loo ions a day. The
Hackettstown furnace gets the most of its ore.
til.— EARLY SETTLEMENT, Eto.
Among the early sett lei- of Mansfield, at t be time .
the township was sel off from Greenwich, in 1754,
were John Axford, Kiel, aid Shackleton, Richard
Bowlsby, Abraham Van I loin, Harmanus Cline, Ed-
ward Demun, David Johns ''apt. Benjamin Mc- ,
Callough, Richard Lacey, Mark Thomson, William ,
Gnblen, John ('line, Edward Palmer, and John
These were among the mosl pr inent citizens, .
and were chosen as freeholders, collectors, and asses- I
soi- prior to and during the Revolutionary war.
Some of these men have descendants living in the
county at the present day, but the majority have
emigrated and become scattered throughout the
One of the early pioneers was Joseph Anderson,
wdio founded the settlement afterwards called "An-
dersontowu." He was born Dec. 18, 1701, at what
is now Clinton Station, Hunterdon Co. He married
Elizabeth Stephenson in 1787, who lived at Quaker-
town, in that county, lie eame to Mansfield about
this time, and - i became one of its hading men.
I'h, hotel nou standing was built by him, and he
built a distillery, the first one in this section, lb-
had one son and -even daughters, James married a
daughter of Joseph Carter, who now survives him,
and is -e\eiilv-si\ year- of age. Su-an and Jane, tWO
of his younger children, are Living at Washington,
in this county; the former was horn in 1806, and is
still iii good health, but has aearlj lost her eyesight ;
.lane I lusenberrj , her Bister, is a few year- younger.
Dr. Beavers came about 1790. Ee practiced medi-
cine in tin- section and held many township offices.
One of the foremost nun of bis time was Dr.
Robert Cummins. It is do) known when he first
Settled here or where he eame from, but the records
of the State Medical Societj state that hewasasur-
geon in the first Sussex regiment during the Revolu-
tion. He Bettled at what is now known as Mount
Bethel, taking up large tracts of land. His practice
extended for many miles around. Be died in 1806,
aged eight] -six years, and was buried in the church-
yard at Mount Bethel.
James Egbert moved to Mount Bethel in 1790.
He was induced to come by Dr. Cummins. Mr.
Egbert came from Staten Island, N. Y., where he
was engaged in hi- occupation of tanner. He estab-
lished a tannery at his new home, bought many pieces
of land of Dr. Cummin- in the years 1798 to 1804, and
these two men soon made a prosperous settlement.
At that time all his bides were brought from New
York by teams. Mr. Egbert moved to Morru
in I s |. ,, and died one year later. Two years before
his death he built the handsome stone church at
Mount Bethel, and gave it to the Methodist Epis-
copal Conference. It was dedicated and named by
Stewart Martin was also one of the first settlers.
He kept a tavern in Beattystown at the time of the
Revolutionary war, and fed some of Gen. Burgoyne'e
army after they were captured and on their way from
Saratoga, X. V., to Virginia.
Elisha and Edward Bird, brother-, were among the
first settlers of Beattystown. They were prominent
men in those times, and carried on the distilling busi-
ness quite extensively.
Two brothers named John and William Marlott
settled there also prior to the first war with Great
Britain. William came when seven years of age.
He learned the blacksmith's trade, and opened a
shop in Beattystown. Soon after this he married
Elizabeth Brown, of Independence township. They
had fourteen children, nine sons and five daughters,
all of whom grew up but two. One of the sons,
Jacob P. Marlott, is now living in Hackettstown,
seventy-eight years of age.
Daniel Axford was one of the early settlers. He
was born in Mansfield. 1804, and wa- a prominent
man. He wa- sheriff of Warren County several
years, and was a shrewd business man and secured
a comfortable fortune. He is now living in Backette-
town, aged seventy-eight years.
William Gardner is also an old resident of Mans-
field, ami lives near Port Coleman, in the western
side of the township, and ha- held many offices of
trust Mr. Gardner is still an active man considering
hi- age, which i- marly eighty.
Archibald Robertson, of Beattystown, was a prom-
inent and influential man ill bis time, in the years
| 1825 to 1850. He was justice of the peace, an.! in
fact served the township in almost every capacity.
lb- also served in the Legislature several I. Tin-.
Jacob llaiin Bettled beh.w Andersoiitown, on the
Musconetcong River, about ISO!), which farm is still
in the posse — ion of the family, hi- -on John now oc-
cupying it. Jacob llann came from Schools 's Moun-
tain to Man-field, lb- had aeveralsons bj two mar-
riages, of whom John was the only child by the -cc-
ond wife, Mrs. Margaret Harm widow . Jacob Hann
died iii I m'o, aged about eighty-five years.
Samuel Davis, son of C irad Davis, Sr.,wasan
old resident, located east of Aadersontown ; he i- de-
WARREN COUNTY. NEW JERSEY.
ceased, but bis widow and a daughter (Mrs. Aaron
Van Sickel) are living in that village ; also a son in
Greenwich township, or near there. His farm is now
owned by William Hann, a cousin of Judge Hann, of
Washington, and a son, Alfred, is now occupying it.
There have never been many stores in the township,
especially in an early day. Jacob Anderson kept a
store in the village of that name about the year 1825.
The Bird Brothers kept a store in connection with
their other business at Beattystown, in 1800. The
first store in Port Murray was built by Moore Furman.
This was about the time the Morris Canal was opened,
1836. John W. Forker is the only one selling goods
there now, and Mr. Van Syckle keeps the only store in
The first public-house in the township, as far back
as there is any record, was kept by Stewart Martin in
Beattystown. It is known that he kept a hotel there
during the Revolutionary war. Benjamin Leek kept
the public-house there in the war of 1812, and fed
three hundred drafted men whom Capt. Jake Henry
had collected there in order to march them to the
front. There is no hotel in the village at this time.
At Anderson the hotel was built in 1795 by Joseph
Anderson, whom the settlement was named after.
The building is still in good repair, and is kept as a
hotel by Mr. Pidcock.
The first hotel at Port Murray was built by William
Morton, 1837. It is now kept by William Smith.
Drs. Cummins and Beavers were the pioneers in
medicine. The former has been already mentioned ;
the latter settled at Anderson prior to 1800, and prac-
ticed medicine in that vicinity. He was also chosen
to fill many township and county offices. The date
of his death is not known.
The present resident physicians of the township
are Dr. Cox, Dr. J. H. Smith, Dr. H. S. Funk, all
residing at Port Murray.
Probably the most ancient highway is the old turn-
pike road running through Beattystown. This was
a prominent road prior to the Revolution, and is the
one Gen. Burgoyne and his army marched over after
they were taken prisoners at Saratoga, N. Y. The
road leading from Rockport up past Egbert's Church,
or Mount Bethel, was also an early road, opened prior
IV.— CIVIL ORGANIZATION.
The township was formed out of Greenwich in
1754. It received its name in honor of Lord Mans-
field, of London, who was a prominent jurist on the
Queen's Bench at that time.
The township records from 1754, when the town-
ship was formed, till 1824, when Warren County was
set off from Sussex, are not to be found. By search-
ing the old records at the court-house at Newton,
however, we are able to cover a part of these years.
In 1757, Michael Clifford was collector ; in 1760, Jo-
seph Park ; 1761, M. Clifford ; 1768, Harmanus Cline,
also in 1769. The amount of tax received in 1774,
from Cline, was £77 19s. od. Robert Miller paid to
the county collector, in 1776, £494 15s. id. It is
stated that this was only a part of her quota. After
and during the war with Great Britain the taxes must
have been very heavy, as we find in 1779 the tax
levied on Mansfield was £727, and it cost the people
£169 to "raise" or collect this sum. July 23, 1781,
the assessment was £733, State money, and £53, hard
money. In 1781 was levied £366, State money, and
£53, specie ; in 17S2, £340 13s. id., State money, and
£243 12s., specie ; April 22d, of the same year, £224
10s., State money, and £250 15s., specie. The records
develop the fact that often the collectors were several
years in collecting one year's taxes during the Revolu-
1Y82, Richard Lacy ; 1783. Harmanus Cline ; 1 734-85, William Creveling ;
178G-8S, Harmanus Ciine; 17S9, Uaviil .luliusuu ;* I: S24-25, Stephen
Vaimatta; 1S2(1, William M. Wanie; 1827, George VV. Thompson;
1828. John S. Davis; 1829-30, Joseph Karl'; 1831, H. Van Ness ; 1832,
George W. Thompson; 1833-36, Henry Van Ness ; 1S37-3S, William
Gardner; 1839, James Anderson; 1840-42, Henry Van Ness; 1843
-44, T. H. Tunison ; 1S45, Robert Vannatta; 1846-48, Philip John-
ston; 1849, James Anderson; 1850-51, James L. Bigler; 1852, Wil-
liam Mitchell ; 1853, Elisha Robertson ; 1854-55, Barry Bigler ; 1856,
T. H. Tunison; 1S57-61, Mark Karr; 1862, John White; 1863-65,
E. T. Caskey; 1866-68, J. H. Hance; 1S69, James Somerville ; 1870
-71, J. C. Miller ; 1872-77, J. S. Davis; 1878-81, Mark Karr.
1779-81, Edmund Palmer; 1782-S3, David Johnson; 1784, Harmanus
Cline; 1785-S6, John Vliet; 17S7, Samuel Bowlsby ; 1788, Robert
Miller ; 17S9, Isaac Pratt ; 1790, John Reiley ; 1791, David Johnson ;f
1824-25, Henry M. Winter; 1826-29, George Creveling; 1830-31,
Thomas G. Stewart ; 1832, Archibald Robertson ; 1833-34, A. Osborn ;
1835-42, John Gibson; 1843-44, Jacob T. Thompson; 1S45-48, Dr.
William Cole; 1849-50, William Johnson; 1S51-52, Philip H. Hann;
1853-55, Jonathan Pidcock; 1856-58, William Ramsey; 1869-61,
Joseph White; 1862-64, A. G. Vansyckle; 1805-67, Walter Karr;
186S, Samuel Gardner; 1869, William Ramsey; 1S70-72, Samuel
Ramsey; 1873-75, James H. Hann ; 1876-78, H. D. White ; 1S79-81,
1763-64, John Axford, Richard Shackleton ; 1765-68, Richard Bowlsby,
Richard Shackleton ; 1769, Richard Bowlsby, Abraham Van Horn;
1770-72, Richard Bowlsby, Harmanus Cline; 1773-75, Edward De-
mun, Harmanus Cline; 1776, John Vliet; 1779-80, William Griblen,
David Johnson; 1781, Benjamin McCullough ; 1783-84, Bond,
Capt. Benjamin McCullough ; 1787, Dr. Cummins, Richard Lacey ;
1788, Mark Thomson, John Cline; 17S9-90, Johu Cline, William
McCullough; 1791, Dr. Cummins, Richard Lacey; 1794-96, John
Sherrerd, Dr. Robert Cummins; 1797, John Sherrerd, William Mc-
Cullough; 1798-99, William Runkle, Newbold Woolston ; 1800-1,
William Runkle, Moses Beavers; 1803-8, William Runkle, Moses
Beavers; 1809-12, William Runkle, R. C. Thompsou; 1813-15, J.
Willson, R. C. Thompson; 1816, John Stewart, R. C. Thompson;
1817-18, John Bird, Garret Lacey; 1819, Thomas Toasdale, Garret
Lacey ; 1820-24, John Bird, Garret Lacey ; 1825-28, Archibald Robert-
son, Garret Lacey ; 1829, Archibald Robertson, H. M. Winter; 1830
-32, Archibald Robertson, Conrad Davis, Jr.; 1833, Archibald Rob-
ertson, T. G. Stewart ; 1834, Archibald Robertson, Kitchen Hart-
pence; 1835-36, Henry Miller, Kitchen Hartpenco; 1837, James
Anderson, Cornelius Stewart; 1838, James Anderson, Archibald
* From 1789 till 1824 the names of the assessors cannot be found,
t Here comes a long break until the year 1824.
Robertaon; 1839-41, William Gardner, It. C. Caskey ; 1812 I
I i nor, John I'. Blbble; 1844-46,0. W. Taylor, Samuel -■
1847-48, G. W. Taylor, John Wykoff; 1849, Jacob Karr, William
Keteham; I860, Jacob Karr, John Miller; 1851, Jacob Karr, A. G,
Vansycklo; 1852, Jacob Kan ; 1863 54, Philip Hann; li
Blgler; 1860-68, Wllllai irdnor; I860, Charles Stewart I I
W. Congle; 1801, Charles Stewart . 1802 84, Henry Hopli r; 181
87, John Gardner; 1808,8amuol Vanuatu; I860, James P. Smith;
1870-72, Mark Karrj is;:: 76, John ''. Donley; 1878-78, II. 51. Cos ;
1870 81, Samuel Stewart
Ham 1 Caleb Dusenberrj ; 1828, w n Sloan; 1829
-31, John Warne; I- 12 ' I Qoorge Cievellng; 1834-87, Henry D.
Swayzo; 1838-43, J. W. Davis; 1844, John 0. Hartpence; 1846 KJ,
John 0. Johns! 1847, J. W. Davie; 1848-64, J. W. White; 1850
■69, Robert 0. Martin ; 1800, fl B-Tnnlson; 1861 83, Juhn It Bob-
ertson; 1864-67, H.D White; 1808, Waltei Karr; 1800, TJ.Gauueld;
1870-71, H. M. Cox ; 1872 74, Samuel Btewart; 1876 78, B, E. Bar-
tii,; 1870-80, Joseph w Pai a ; 1881 0. H. Van Sickle.
Tin: WABBEN COUNT! 1 B-HOUSE ESTABLISHMENT.
This institution is located in the northwestern pari
of the township, li is a four-story building, 80 bj 56
feet, witli :i wing upon the northeast, 80 bj 24 feet,
and two and a half stories in height The county
owns 896 acres of land surrounding the building.
The | - house was erected here about the yeai
and the stewards in charge have been as follow-:
William Richards, one year; William McDonald,
nine years; Samuel Lowder., nine years ; T. II. Tuni-
,-nn, ten years; I.. 11. Martini-, two years; ,1. R.
Teal, eight years; Samuel Frame, nine years; and
(II. K. Tunison, the present -teward, three years.
V.— VILLAGES A\D HAMLETS.
located on the Musconetcong River, is on the extreme
border of the township, in its southeast corner. It is
the oldesl settlement in the township, and was quite
a thriving village in the year 1800, li was more of a
business point than Hackcttstown up to about Is."'.
\t that time it was the chief market of this vicinity
for grain ami all kinds of produce. It was first called
Beatty's .Mills, in honor of the man who Imilt the
first mill there, before the Revolutionary war. Ii-
location was on the site of the present mill, now
owned by J. B. Fisher. The Birds were among the
earliest settlers, Elisha and Edward wanted the
name of the village changed to Birdsburg, but other
Bettlers opposed it. There were more bouses in the
place in 1820 than there are at the present time.
Fisher's grist-mill is a huge building constructed of
-lone. Two mills have been burned on it- site since
the plaee was first settled. The first hotel was built
so long ago that its date cannot be learned, but it is
known that a man nameil Stew art Martin kept tavern
there during the Revolution, During our last war
with Great Britain, Ca.pt. Jacob lien n collected :;o"
drafted men there, who had dinner at the hotel, and
then took up their line of march to Sandy Honk.
Among the men w ho were ilia tied that lived in Man -
lield were Isaac Little, James Fisher. Havid Itohert-
JOn, William Andrews, Jacob Andrews, and Jacob
lla/cn. The old turnpike-road running through
Beattystown was built in 1812, and this party of mi-
litia started out on their journey over that road.
Among the early residents of this place were William
Williamson, Henry Martin, who owned land below
town, where Hiram White now lives. John Ilaekeii-
bury, John Bliker, and .lame- Alien wen- also land-
owners who liv.d close by. Jacob Andrews kept a
blacksmith-shop in 1812. Ziba Osmun, Sr., built the
first distillery in Mansfield. It was located in this
village, and apple whisky wa- it- only production
while he owned it. He finally sold to the Bird
brother-, who enlarged it and went to distilling grain.
They operated on a large Bcale, bin failed about 1 S25.
One of the first schools in the place stood where
Thomas shield-' corn-house now is, in the lower pan
of the town. Lewi- Goden taught a Bubscription-
school there as far back as 1810. The post-office was
established in 1835, and .lame. Fisher was the first
postmaster; he held the office many year-, and was
•mi eeded by .lame- Dixon.
There are now one large grist-mill, a store and post-
office, a school-house, Methodist Episcopal church,
wagon-shop, blacksmith-shop, ami several fine resi-
dences in Beattystown.
is a village in the southwestern part of the township,
next to the Washington line. It derive- it- name
from tin- Andersons, who were the first settlers.
Joseph Anderson settled there about the year 1787.
He owned considerable land.T and induced Others to
buy and locate about him. lb built 1 lie hotel now-
kept by Mr. Pidcock about 1790. It wa- also kept
by James Anderson and his son Joseph for many
pears, Jacob Anderson opened the first store in the
place in 1825.
Dr. Beavers resided here and practiced medicine a-
early a- ISIIIl. He was a son of ( apt. Beavers, who
lived mar by. Henry Miller was among the first
settlers, and came there prior to 1800.
William Little owned the first grist-mill there It
» as on a small stream running through the town, and
was built in L798. Joseph Anderson built a distillery
a- early a- 1810. [t was in operation until about 1852,
when it was abandoned. Among the first settlers of
this place wa- Jacob 1 1 ami. lather of Judge llaun.
and a Air. Myers, who kept a blacksmith -shop about
the i icncenient of the present century. At the
present daj Lndereon has a hotel, one store, a school-
house, a Methodist Episcopal church, and about !•"■
dwelling-houses, The post-office was established in
*Fo d, and so given on some maps, etc.
I At his death the farm ws ,ftremwbOQi Jacob
Hann purchased nil eiivo one share, — tliut of .tun.- Anderson, — and
Philip It. Hann, who bought this property from hi* father, aftor tho
ami a nun are still living In the village, bul the most of the nami
removed. Two daughters of Jumce Amlursou rvaltlo at Wiw.li-
WARREN COUNT r, NEW JERSEY.
1820, and Jonathan Pidcock, who keeps the hotel, is
the present postmaster. The store is owned hy H.
is located in the western part of the township, on the
Morris and Essex Railroad and on the Morris Oanal.
The town was laid out about the time the canal was
opened, in 1834. The first house in the village was
built by Aaron Bryant. The only store in the place
was built by Moore Furman. The post-office was
established in 1867. It was moved from Pennville,
the latter office being discontinued. There are here a
church (Baptist), a store, and a hotel. The store is
kept by John W. Forker, who is also postmaster.
The first hotel was built by William Morton, and is
now kept by William Smith.
Port Murray is the newest, but the largest and most
important, village in the township. It is the only
settlement located on the railroad, and it is conse-
quently the shipping-point for that section. There
are several new buildings in process of erection, and
the place has quite a thrifty appearance.
is a small hamlet located in the eastern part of the
township, on the Morris Canal. There is a basin in
the canal here where boats sometimes lay up. There
is one store in the place, and eight or ten houses.
is situated in the northeast corner of the township. It
is a small collection of houses, and the settlement de-
rived its name from the Methodist Episcopal Church,
which was so called. There was a post-office about
one mile north from the church. It was established
over forty years since, but has been discontinued.
is a small settlement on the Pohatcong Creek. It was
named after the Karrs, who owned most of the land in
the immediate neighborhood. There is a small store
there, kept by Hiram Kruger, who is also postmaster.
The mail is brought daily from Port Murray. Reuben
Mitchell owns a steam distillery which largely manu-
factures apple whisky.
The Hipp school was one of the oldest in Mansfield.
The school-house was situated about one mile west of
Mount Bethel, on the road to Port Murray. An Irish-
man named Conant taught there as early as 1810.
Though considered a great scholar in his day, Mr.