James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

. (page 189 of 190)
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effect on the health of the people in that region.
These baneful effects were noticed most in chills and
fevers, and other types of malarial disease and dysen-
tery. No agricultural operations whatever were pos-
sible.

Commissioners were appointed by the Supreme
Court in 1872, as provided by law, and constituted a
board of managers for the purpose of draining the
" Great Meadows."

The commissioners of the Pequest drainage were
Amos Hoagland, of Townsbury ; James Boyd, of
Vienna ; and William L. Johnson, of Hackettstown.
Their engineer was Abraham R. Day, of the latter
place.

This board was authorized to prepare plans of
drainage for tracts of wet land under specified con-
ditions. The work, however, was not fairly begun
until 1874, and, was somewhat delayed by difficul-
ties incident to such a large work, the financial em-
barrassment of the times, and opposing litigation.
There is a marked difference of opinion as to the
benefit derived from this drainage. Some, who own
property along the river, owing to the peculiar loca-
tion of their farms, have succeeded in reclaiming part
of their lands. Among these are Alfred Buckley,
who has been able to utilize nearly all of his swamp-
land, 32J- acres; James Ayers, who has reclaimed
some 10 acres of his laud ; and William Vreeland,
who has reclaimed 40 acres. The assessment was in
some cases as high as $28 per acre, and. considerable
trouble was experienced in collecting the money.

The drainage begins at James F. Fleming's land,
a half-mile above the Townsbury mill-dam, running
along and through lands of David Fleming, Daniel
and Isaiah Leigh, Simon A. Cummins, Andrew J.
Cummins, and Lewis Merrell to the Vienna bridge;
thence along the line of lands of Ephraim Simonton,
Mr. Metier, Morris G. Parks, S. T. Scranton & Co.,
to what was formerly known as the Larison bridge,
one-half mile above and west of Vienna; thence



ALL A. Ml CHY.



743



through lands of Jehiel G. Shipman, Charles Scran-
ton, Sarah Freeland, Mary V. Wurtz, SUas Hibler,
Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Coal and Iron
Company, to a point near the Allamuchy line;
thence through lands of J. R aterfield, Aimer Wil-
son, Eli Lundy, Nelson PL Cummins, James Shot-
well, Daniel Cummins (deceased), the estate of W. C.
Hibler, John Rutherford, Alfred Buckley, estate of
Phoebe Shotwell, aud the land of Moses Applegate,
and Btopa about 25 yards above the Long Bridge.
Through the locality named above the fall is one
fool permile. The current in the channel is on an
150 feel per minute, and is claimed by the
commissioners to be in mosl respects a successful
undertaking. Messrs. Stephens & Fagan were the
contractors, who dredged from the Long Bridge to the
I tanville bridge.

[II.— EARLY SETTLEMENT.
The history of the early settlers of this township
will, perhaps, be more appropriately given in the
history of Independence township and Hackettstown,
of which it was until recently a part. About the be-
ginning of tin present century, as near as can be

I, the most prominent man doing business in

Allamuchy was Joseph Demund. There is no actual
record as to the time of his settlement in the place,
but, from all that can be learned from the oldest citi-
zens now living, it was al t the year 1800. Mr.

Demund was a very enterprising man, ami operated
on a scale the magnitude of which was entirely un-
known to the easy-going people of that daj . He pur-
chased til" acres of land a I. out where the \ illage now
Btands, planted fine orchards, of which some trees are
said to be alive and bearing fruit at this date. He
also built a large mill, which was run by water-power
anil Wit.- it oil ' a grist-mill ami distillery. The mill

is yet standing in tolerably g 1 repair, and is

.i ed "i grinding wheat and corn. Tin- rapacity of
the distillery was 60 bushels a day. Apple-jack, so
dear to the earij settlers of New Jersey, was also
made here in great abundanci
It appear- Demund -non gol the confidence of his

h - ; he succeeded in borrowing large a tints

of imme\ and in getting the tanner- to indorse his

paper heavily. The large amount of hii-im - done
by this early -peculator induced other men of capital
to gather there, and from that date until lXlin there
was more business done at Allaniucliv than at ilaek-

\\ n.

In 1820, Demund, who had I n doing business

largely on borrowed capital, began t" fail to meet his

obligations, and one mortgage for (1 1,000 was fore-

! bj John Rutherford, Br. His downward

Course Was rapid from this time. and. unfortunately,

he di i d down with him who had

his security. Among these may lie mentioned .lames

Wilson, a Quaker. His farm \\a- -ei/.cd, and it did
• In lBliilio u.i . ' ; andence.



not satisfy the debt. At that time Warren County

was a part of >u - .'\. with the couuty - eat at New-
Ion, and, a- the law wa- then, if a man could not

pay hi- debt- In- wa- liable to imprisonment. The

..lliccr- came alter .Mr. Wil-on. and found him at work
in the swamp taking OU< -one- -led-runiier- which
he had placed there to -oak and toughen. When

told their business he politelj aski d thi m to help him

finish his work ami he would accompany them, lie
W-, hnalh allowed to go out On I ill limit \ hi. h

Consisted Of the limit- of the town.

Nathaniel Hart was also a victim, and lost his

farm by going surety for Demund. It maybe men-
tioned thai tin- prosperity of thi- thrifty place bi
to wane about L840. The Morris Canal and the Dela-
ware, Lackawanna ami Western Railroad traffic were
the means of locating trade in other places, and at
this time (1881) there are left only the large old-
fa-hioiied residences and mill- t.. indicate what had

b.en the lively ami growing village of former year-.
III. mill doing tin- largest business, and built by
Joseph I leniiind. i- now owned by John Till. Among
the olde-i dwellings now standing is a stone house,
near the Long Bridge, owned bv J. C. Kunyon. It
i- known as the Shotwell house, and bear- the date
of 1770. It i- in pretty good repair, and i- at present
occupied by two families.

Archibald Ayers wa- also one of the early settlers
win. afterward- became prominent in Allamuchy.

lb- was a son of Ezekie! Aver-. He was born in
Hackettstown in 1781, in an old frame house which
i- now standing ami own.. I bj Mr-. Wagner. It is

located about mid-way between the railroad and
canal, on the road to Vienna. He ved to Alla-
muehy in 1809, purchased a hup. farming property

there, and for a til wind and worked the distillery

below TJ tas A. Haggi rtj 's mill. He had ten chil-
dren, five sons and five daughters, of whom all are
living but one. Three of his sons, John, I ieorgi I [.,
and .lame-, mn\ live in Allaniucliv township. Archi-
bald Ayers died in bSbo, agi d eighty-four years.

Jacob Young came from Ireland in L786, and
bought what i- now commonly known a- the John

M. Young farm. He had live children. -John M..

George, Martha. Anna, and Mary. John M. Young

i] n in 1801. He lived on the home place, mar-
twelve childri ii. oi w bom
1 1. A. X ig, tin- present township clerk, is one.

..i IK] i: -1 1 I I I Ml M
At an early dav the exact date of which it i- im-
possible to ascertain) a settlement was mad
colony of Friends at what is known as Qua
tlement, in thi- township, northeast of thi
Meadow-. The colony wa- formed in Kiiigwo.,.1.
Hunterdon Co.. and look along to the new location
all the frame- and lumber for their first dwellings.
The first house built by them (or by an) one, in all
that r.. .ut a quarter of a mile ■•■



744



WARREN COUNTY, NEW JERSEY.



Allamuchy village, upon the farm now occupied by
William Clifford. Indians were living in the vicinity
at that time, and an old Indian village had been
located near by. At a later day there was still an
Indian encampment between where Alfred Buckley
and Silas Hibler now live. Mrs. Buckley says her
mother, Mrs. Lundy, used often to relate stories of
her visits to the encampment when a girl. Indian
relics are still found in the vicinity.* They are gen-
erally found upon the high ground, and abound more
or less throughout the whole region.

The lands purchased and settled by this colony
were all contiguous, and located in this and the ad-
joining township of Green, in Sussex County. Among
the early families who composed this settlement were
the Lundys, Schooleys, Willsons, Stephensons, and
Buckleys. One branch of the Schooley family set-
tled in the locality now known as Schooley's Moun-
tain, in Morris County. The Schooleys and Willsons
were connected' by marriage.

Gabriel AVillson, grandfather of Mrs. Jesse Adams,
settled where Moses Applegate and Mrs. Staley now
live, and Joseph Willson where John N. Gibbs re-
sides. These members of the Willson family were de-
scendants of Samuel Willson, who was born in Scar-
borough, England, in 1681, settled at Chesterfield,
N. J., prior to 1707, where were born to him and his
wife, Hester, eight children, — Samuel, Robert, Esther,
Sarah, James, Ann, John, and Gabriel, the latter being
one of the colonists of Allamuchy. Samuel Willson,
the elder, removed to what was then Kingwood town-
ship, now Franklin, in Hunterdon County, and died
there in 1761. "The old Willson homestead lies
a little more than a mile southwest of Quaker-
town. It was bought by Samuel Willson of Jacob
Doughty, in 1730, and from that time to the present
has never been out of the family. . . . The stone
house was built by Samuel Willson in 1735."f

The Lundys were descended from Richard Lundy
and his wife Sarah, who removed from Exeter, Pa.,
to Kingwood, in 1747 ; and from Thomas, who came
from Maiden Creek in 1745. Jacob Lundy married
(1748) Mary Willson, and Joseph married (1758)
Sarah Willson. Isaac Lundy removed to Hardvvick,
Warren Co.

The Stephensons were among the earliest families
in Kingwood, but the name of the emigrant settler is
not known, nor the date of his coming. The first
mentioned in the Friends' records are Thomas and
Sarah, whose children (John, Sarah, and Mary) were
all -born at Quakertown, N. J., the eldest in 1732.
They married into the King, Webster, and Husted
families. J

The Friends in Allamuchy built a meeting-house

* Mr. Buckley lias a number of fine specimens ; one a rude dish of
considerable »ize, made out of a soft rook resembling soapstouo ; also
axe-blades, arrow-beads, etc., made out of bard trap or Hint.

t " Hist. Hunterdon and Somerset Counties," .). 1'. Snell, 1881, p. 432.

X Ibid., p. 433.



in 1764 upon a slight eminence at what is now at
least the junction of several roads leading through
the settlement, and a deed was given to the Society
by William Penn, for the purpose of "a Friends'
meeting-house forever." The church was a substan-
tial stone building, situated in a natural grove. This
meeting-house, the first one erected by the Friends in
this portion of the State, was standing until a few
years since, when it was torn down and a frame
building of two stories, devoted to the double purpose
of education and religion, erected on its site. In that
old church the Quakers worshiped every First and
Fifth day, according to their own peculiar form. In
the foundation of the new building is a stone bearing
the date " 1764," which was in the old stone meeting-
house, near the chimney, and marked the year of its
erection.

Among the old members were Levi Lundy, George
Lundy, Samuel Laing, Christopher Schmuck, Eben-
ezer Willson, Mordecai Willson, Gabriel Willson
and Grace, his wife, Jesse Adams and Lydia, his
wife, and Mercy Buckley, wife of Alfred Buckley;
the three last named the only surviving members. §
The church flourished for many years, but as the
youths grew up and imbibed a disrelish for the plain
manners and customs of their fathers they departed
from the faith; owing to this, and further depletion
of their number by deaths and removals, as years
went by the society grew small and feeble, and about
1835 ceased to hold regular worship. ||

About 200 yards east of the building is the old
Quaker graveyard, of goodly size, and inclosed with
a substantial stone wall, five feet high. It is still used
for burial purposes.

The mode of worship among the Friends is peculiar
to themselves, but so familiar to the people of Western
New Jersey (which was so largely settled by the Qua-
kers) that it is deemed unnecessary to here describe
it, further than to say that it consisted in the main in
silent meditation, with "speaking" from some brother
or sister when the Spirit moved. Mary Stephenson,
wife of John, living many years ago in the Quaker
Settlement, is said to have been " a great preacher."
Her maiden name was Lundy. She traveled far and
near among the Friends, speaking wherever she
went. She was left a widow, and afterwards married
David Willson, of Farmington, N. Y. Ephraim
Green and David Willson also " spoke." The Alla-
muchy Society was of that branch known as " Ortho-
dox."

A relic of " ye olden time" is a marriage certificate
now in possession of Mrs. Abner Willson, the parties
named therein being her husband's great-grand-
parents. It is on parchment, 16 by 22 inches in size,



>i A recently published articlo on the Quaker Settlement adds to these
throe the name of Margaret Willson.

||In 1866, Jesse Adams bought the ground where the meeting-house

stood, prising three acres. The graveyard, adjoining, still belongs

to thu "Society."



ALLAMUCHY.



745



finely executed, and in excellent condition consider-
ing its age. It reads as follows :

" Whereas, Ebonezer Wilhson of the township of Independence in the
Connty of Bnssox and State uf West Jersey, son of Robert uu«l Mary
WW son (tbo former deceased), and Sarah Knlgbt of the Township of
Hlddletown In the county of Bnclu and State of Pennsylvania, daughter
of Joseph and Kachel Knight (deceased), having declared their Inten-
tions of Slarriago with each other, before several othly axe*

the people called Quakers at Middletown aforesaid, according to the
good order used among them ; and having consent of parties, tb
proposals were allowed by the said in-

" Now, these are to certify whom it may concern, that for the full ac-
complishing their said Intentions, this Thirteenth day of the Fifth Month
In the Year of our Lord one Thousand eight hundred and Two, thny,
tbo said Ebenezer Willson and Sarah Knight appeared in lt pui h
log Of the said people of Ulddletown aforesaid, and tl '

Willson taking the said Sarab Knight by the band, did on thl
occasion publicly declare that he took the said Sarah Knight to bo bis
Wife, promising with the Lord's Bsslstani e to be onto her an affectionate
and faithful Hosband until death should separate them, and then in the
same aeeemidv, til*; said Sarah Knight did in the like manner declare,
that she ' oeier WilUon to be her rlusi and, 1 1

with the Lord's assistance to be onto him an aOectlonate and raithful
Wit.-, until death should separate them, or In words to that effect

u And moreover, they, the said Ebenezer Willson and Sarah Knight,
idio according to the custom of Marriage assuming tiie name of her llus-
band, as a further consideration thereof did then and there to these

presents ri«<t tln-h handi. And '■',•• v. m>i>i -ul-

SCribed, being preeonl at the - 'leiuui/Jitinii >>| t )i • dd M.i. . i lire tuiil Biit^

. have iui witnesses hereunto set oar hands the day and year
shove wi ItteiL

•■Hkmey A.THIBTOM, Junior. 11

This document was signed by the parties so married
and by the 36 witnesses who were present on that oc-
casion.

PHYSICIANS.

Dr. Ephxaim I rreen was one of the first phj sicians
who practiced in the settlement II<' lived in whal is
dow Green township, Susses Co. The most promi-
qi iit practitioner was I>r. Ihun S. Harris. Ilecom-
menced practice in this place as early as 1837, and
successfully followed his profession until 1873, when
he retired and moved to Belvidere, where he is still
living, at the advanced age of eighty-five years. He
was also postmaster man} years. There is no physi-

ciai \\ residing in AUamuchy, the people mostly

being attended by the doctors of Backettstown.

IV.— CIVIL ORGANIZATION.
This township was formed from the territory of ln-
dependence in the year L873. Eta acl of incorpora-
tion, which was approved April ton, is as follows:

"An AffTto ntabh
the tawmhtfi of AlUrnmuhff.

"1. Be it mooted 03 the Senate and General Assembly of tho Ststo of
Now Jersey, Thai nil that pan of the township of Independence In the
County of Warren, being tho boundaries and description- followlog— to

wit: Beginning in tl n( 1 the Horrii I

Joeeph Smith's farm in said township of Independence, In a direct line
to a pol"t i" i' 1 " centre of a public highway leading from Vienna to
Long Bridge two rods southwest of the present residence of Hot. John
McLoughlin, and from them 1 on a straight line northwesterly to a point
two rods d ..., lt residence of
lionjatiiin BoweU, In laid townahip of Independence, and still con-
tinuing on the same straight line to thedlrislon Lit f the township of

Independence and Frelinghuysen in said oonnty of Warren; thence
northeasterly along said dWl

andFrolingbii\MMt b> ti... ,h ; „. x uid Warren <

thouco southeasterly along eald oounty division line I
48



3Iusconctcong Hirer, thence down the middle of said rircr to the esat
corner of the borough of Hackettetown, thence northweeterly along the
line of said borough to the place of Iwginning— shall be and Is hereby set
ofl Into s separate township, to be called and known by the name of the
township of AUamuchy.

" 2. And be it cwtcted, That the Inhabitants of the waid township of Alla-
muchy shall be and they are hereby constitnted a body politic and cor-
1 l -hull be styled and known by the name, of the inhabitants
of the township of Alhunncbyln the county of Warren, and shall bo
entitle*! to all the rights, powers, authority, privileges, and advantages,
null subject to the same regulations, government, and liabilities, u the
Inhabitants of the said township of Independence In the said county of
Warren an- now entitled or subject to by the existing laws of 1

' t the Inhabitants of the township of Alla-
muchy shall hold their first annual town-meeting at the house now
occupied by Elfphalet Hoover, at AUamuchy, in the said township of
Allaznnchy, on the second Monday in April next.

"4. ■ I wl be it enacted. That the inhabitants of tho township of Inde-
pendence shall hold their next town-meeting at the house d<
plod by Lewis Bfartenius, at Danville, in said township of Independence,
on the second Monday in April next.

"6. And be it enacted^ That the township committees of the b

of Independence and Allamuchy -hall meet on the Monday next after

their first annual town-meeting- at the Hotel of Lewis Martenius, st

Danville, In the said township of Independence, at ten o'clock in tho

and then and there proceed by writing, signed by a majority

of those present, to allot and divide between the said townships all

and monies on hand, due or to become due, in proportion to

the taxable property and ratablee as taxed by the assessors, or within

i 1 tlve limits at tii-' last assessment, and may adjourn the said

meeting from time to time us a majority of those preseut may think

proper, and the Inhabitants of the township of AUamuchy shall

to pay their jus) proportion of the debts, Ifanj there be; and if any of tho

1 tin- paid township committees shall neglect or refuse to meet

as aforesaid, those assembled may proceed to make the division, and tho

ol the majority of those present shall be final and conclusive.

"8. Ami be it enacted, That nothing in this act shall bo so construed u
affect the rights of the said township of Alla-
inuchy of, in, ami to any portion of the surplus revonue of the general
government, or to school fund of any nature to which the said town -hip
may now or at any time hereafter be entitled in the distribution of any
and all such fund 01

*' 7. And I Hiatal] paupers who may be charged to the said

township Of Independence at the time I hi- act _<>•-> Into operation, shall

thereafter be chargeable to and supported by that township within iho
bounds of wliich they have respectively acquired their legal settlements.
That Aaron 0. Bartow, of the township of
Knowlton, ' Web EL Valentine, of the town of HackettBtow a,
I,. Oook, of the townahip of ETrellnghnj sen, In said Oounty of Warren,
be and they are hereby app. int. d commissioners to run and mark, by
and beforo the first day of April next, the separating line between tho
said townabipi of Independence and Allamucby, and a majority of them
if necessary can perform said commission In all respects, and that the
til reasonable compensation of said commission be equally
dd townships, and said townships shall comprise a part of the
-embly District.
"9. And be it —acted, That this act shall take effect hnmodut

The principal officers of the Uyn nship Bince its or-
ation have been the following:
1 Clerks. — O11 the formation of the townahip
I > :i \ id J. Bedford ws erk, and r< -elected in

the years L874 and 1 875. EEia successors were in 1876,
Byron It. Clifford ; 1877, David J. Bedford, re-elected
in 1878 "'■'; in L880, D. A. Young, who was chosen

ajjjain in 1XS1.

/'/■"holders. — 1873-74, Israel Swayze; 1875, James
flyers, re-elected in 1876; 1877-78, A.ndrew J. De-
mua; L879 M.Joel Till.

./ - Peace.— Thomas A. Eaggerty was

elected to this office when the township was formed,



•PageT



746



WARREN COUNTY, NEW JERSEY.



and has filled the office continuously ever since.
David V. Maring held over, being elected while it
was a part of Independence, and served until 1875,
when John Shields was chosen and served two years,
when he resigned, and David Maring was elected to
fill the vacancy. Julius J. Gregory was subsequently
elected, and now holds the office.

Collector.— Eliphalet Hoover has held this office
ever since the organization of the township, — 1873 to
and including 1881.

Town Committees. — 1873, D. A. Young, William M.
Seals, George Wintermute, John Jilson, and I. N.
Blackwell ; 1874, D. A. Young, George Wintermute,
Joel Till, I. N. Blackwell ; 1875, D. A. Young, William
M. Seals, George Wintermute, A. Wilson, William
Vanhorn ; 1876, D. A. Young, AVilliam Vanhorn, D.
J. Bedford, William M. Seals, George Wintermute ;
1877, Levi Kittle, A. S. Hibler, John Shields, S. D. !
Hibler, W. W. Willett; 1878, Levi Kittle, John |
Shields, A. S. Hibler, W. W. Willett, S. D. Hibler ;
1879, Levi Kittle, A. S. Hibler, W. W. Willett ; 1880,
Jacob Axford, Adam Stiff, W. M. Seals.

Assessors.— 1873-74, Andrew J. Vought; 1875-77,
Joel Field ; 1878-81, John N. Hibler.

V.— SCHOOLS.

When the township was incorporated it was divided
into four school districts, the condition of which is
here given, quoting from the report of the State su-
perintendent of public instruction for the year ending
Aug. 31, 1879, the last one published :

Meadville District, No. 52 : Amount of State appro-
priation, $115.24; total amount received from all
sources, $155.24 ; value of school property, $400 ;
total number of children enrolled between the age of
five and eighteen years, 33.

Saxton Falls District, No. 55 : Amount received from
State appropriation, $300 ; amount received from all
sources, $347 ; value of school property, $700 ; total
number of scholars enrolled between five and eighteen
years of age, 44.

Allamuchy District, No. 56 : Amount of State ap-
propriation, $300 ; amount received from all sources,
$381 ; value of school property, $500 ; number of
children enrolled between the age of five and eight-
een years, 69.

Quaker Settlement District, No. 57 : Amount re-
ceived from State appropriation, $300 ; total amount
received from all sources, $358 ; present value of
school property, $800 ; whole number of scholars en-
rolled between five and eighteen years of age, 60.



VI.— VILLAGES.
ALLAMUCHY

is the principal village in the township. It is said to
have been the location of an old Indian village. In an
early day there was quite an extensive business done
in the mercantile line at this place. Among the first
stores was one kept by James Shotwell. Stephen Ken-
nedy and Paul Angle also engaged in merchandising.
At this time Allamuchy was the principal trading-point
for many miles around. There is now but one store
in the place. This is kept by Samuel Berry, who is
also postmaster.



Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 189 of 190)