James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

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age at the ever-to-be-iememhered battles of Roanoke and Newbern (a
courage evinced by the havoc made in their own unwavering columns
better than by the reports of partial journals)', have sustained the high
reputation which, since the days of the Revolution, has belonged to the
soldiers of New Jersey, and as evidence of our appreciation of that acme
of every manly virtue, 'patriot c devotion to country, 1 the Governor of
the Stale is requested to have prepared and forwarded to said regiment
a standard on which shall be inscribed these words: ' Presented by New
Jersey to her Kinth Regiment, in remembrance of Roanoke and New-
bern. 1

'• ItesoIveS, That Col. Chas. A. Heckman, who so gallantly led bis well-
ordered men to the conflict, is rerpiested, at the proper timej to report to
the clerk of the lb, use of Assembly the names of those who fell, killed
or mortally wounded, oil either of the said battle-fields; and that the
clerk of the House is, by virtue of this resolution, ordered to enter their
iminos, with the place where they fell, on the minutes of the Assembly

* Greeley. In bis " American Conflict," erroneously givoH to Hawkins 1
Zouaves the credit of the operations here performed by the Ninth.



of New Jersey, as men who have fallen in defense of the best government
of the world, 11 etc.

These colors, well worn and battle-scarred, were
returned to the State authorities in October, 1864, ac-
companied by Color-Sergt. George Meyers (and one
hundred and eight men of the Ninth whose term of
service had expired), and a letter of transmittal to
Governor Parker from James Stewart, Jr., colonel
commanding, dated Carolina City, N. C, October
15th, in which he said, —

" Sin, — I herewith have the honor to forward to you for safe keeping
in the archives of New Jersey the national and State colors of the Ninth
Regiment New Jersey Volunteer Infantry. Three years ago they were
intrusted to our hands. How well we have performed our trust our pnst
record must show. In every engagement they have been with us, and,
battle-worn and bullet-riddled as they are, we can proudly look upon
them with the consciousness that not upon a single thread is there the
least speck of dishonor or shame. . . . Understanding it to be your in-
tention to furnish the regiment with new national and State emblems,
we can only say we shall be gratified to receive them, and it shall ever
be our utmost endeavor to preserve them as unsullied as are those we now
place in your hands. I have the honor to remain, etc. 11

A few days later a new stand of colors was presented
by the State.

The regiment was mustered out of service July 12,
1865. It had participated in forty-two battles and
engagements. Eight officers offered their lives a sac-
rifice on the nation's altar, while twenty-three received
wounds in battle. Sixty-one enlisted men were killed,
and four hundred wounded. Forty-three men died
from wounds, and one hundred from disease. The
total loss of the Ninth from all causes was one thou-
sand six hundred and forty-six. No fact could more
strikingly exhibit the destructive nature of the cam-
paigns in which the regiment participated than this,
clearly authenticated by official reports.!

VII.— THE ELEVENTH REGIMENT.

This regiment, which contained many field- and
line-officers as well as enlisted men from the counties
of Sussex and Warren, was from the time it left the
State for the front, in the summer of 1862, until the
close of its service particularly noticeable for its
bravery and patriotic gallantry. It was first engaged
at Fredericksburg, and received the proud congratu-
lations of its brave commander ; again, at Chancel-
lors ville, it shared in the honor of having saved the
army in one of the most desperate struggles of the
war. The heroic deeds of that day, performed by
officers and privates alike, will never be fully told.J
"They had repelled five fierce charges, mainly with
the bayonet, had captured eight flags (all taken by
the New Jersey troops), and taken many prisoners
without losing any." Col. McAllister, Lieut.-Col.



t Soe Bketch of the regiment in John Y. Foster's "New Jersey in the
Rebellion."

% " Sergeant Lauterman, of Company II, I considered one of the bravest
mon in the regiment. At Chunccllursvillo, after tho two lines had been
holly engaged for some time, ho went directly to the front and ascer-
tained the enemy's position. His bravery was tho coolest I over wit-
nessed. Ho was killed at Spottsylvuniu, May 12th. 1 '— licport of Adjt.



SUSSEX AND WARREN ( OINTIES IN THE WAR OF THE REBELLION,



-7



Moore, and Adjt. Schoonover were among the last to
leave the Geld, and at one time, fighting alone, were
almost Burrounded by the enemy, Lieut.-! '"1. Schoon-
over, in a letter written after the close of the war,

Bays, " I think the regimen! made one of it- best fight*

hi Chancellorsville, taking into consideration the
mass of fugitives it met from the Eleventh Corps
while going into position; its coolness d<
Bpecial mention." tun. Hooker staid, "It fought
splendidly; officers and men alike deserve credit."
< len. i larr added his commendation of their brave con-
duct, From Col. McAllister's official report we learn
that the regiment lost in this battle twenty killed and
our hundred and fifteen wounded, Lieut-. Bloom-
field and Kelly wen- among the killed.
At Gettysburg, as the Eleventh was about to fire

its first volley, Col. McAllister till, severely wounded

in two plaees. Yet the regiment continued its fight
with great steadiness, notwithstanding Capts. Kear-
ney, Martin, Logan, and Aekerman wen- killed and
nearly all the remaining officers were wounded, while
tin ranks had been terribly thinned by the lire of the
enemy, it- losses being twenty-four killed and one
hundred and thirty wouuded, — one hundred and fifty-
four in all. In Adjt. Schoonover's report of the bat-
tle he pays a high tribute to the bravery of the
regiment, and especially mentions the gallantry of
Capt. Lloyd, I. nut-. Buckley, Baldwin, and I
and ( !orp. Thomas Johnson, of Company I, who took

the colon and advanced with them to the front alter

two color-bearers, had been shot down, [n the ba tli
of the Wilderness, at Spottaylvania, and in all future

n U > uieiit- it ably -u-t lined it- fighting reputation.
June 15, 187B, it reached Trenton, N. J., and was di -

banded.

Maj.-Gcn. Robert McAllister,a Wan-en County man,
was distinguished for his patriotic services. Leaving

his home at Oxford Furnace, raising a companj at
the on i break of the war. he was appointed and served

as lieutenant-colonel of the First, and later as col I

of the Eleventh Regiment. A- ranking colonel he

commanded brigade- in the Third and s nd I lorps,

and was brevetted successively brigadier-general and

major-general. " Not a soldier Of the Bchools, he ) et

had what i- better than all the knowledge of the 1 '■-.

—perfect and entire tea rle.-ue - , joined with the

-iindie-t tenacity of purpose; and these making him
a leader, and so an inspiration to his followers, gave

him success in the ino-t de-per.ite and exhausting

straits, and secured him a place by comn voice

Hi g the 'lighting generals' of the war, whose

heart-, a- well a- their hand-, were in the «

which they had been called. lie was bard
distinguished for the bramelcssness of bis life in camp
and his conscientious devotion to his duties as a < n

thin." Cap'- <'line. of the Eleventh, -ay-, "He was

a -eli denying, laborious officer. And he knew no
danger. There was no affectation in his fervid pa-
triotism, no absorbing ambition for military renown iu



in- to meet the foe, but a quiet determination

and an inflexible GrmneSS which were not alwa -
Mi- was throughout a Christian officer."

COF.. JOHN SCHOONOVER.
Simeon Schoonover, father of Col. John, bom in

1*117, reside- at Bushkill, l'a.. and has carried on plow-

and wagon-manufacturing for many years. Hi- mother
was Sarah Heller, who was born in 1817.




The children of Simeon and Sarah Schoonover are
Amos, who was a captain in the Eleventh New
Jersey Regiment in the late Rebellion; Elizabeth;

Henry I',., of ScrantOD, Iowa, who served as a private

in the < tin- Hundred ami Forty-sixth Pennsylvania;
Anna; Ellen; William R., a physician of 0*
Ind.; Martha; Edward, of Bushkill, Pa.; and John
John, subject of this sketch.
John Schoonover was born at Bushkill, l'a., Aug.
1 He obtained his education at the common

school of his native place, and under the instruction

of R v. J. K. Davis, ol Smithfield, Pa. At the age

n he became a teacher, and for several years

thereafter was engaged in teaching and preparing for

Fired with patriotism for the welfare of his

country, upon the breaking out of the Rebellion he

was among the lir-t to .-how hi- courage and devotion

Union cause under the tir-t call for three
months' men. We quote a -ketch ol hi- careei in the
army from Foster, fouad in hi- "II-



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY.



Jersey and the Rebellion :" " John Schoonover joined
the First New Jersey Regiment at its organization as
a private, and served with the knapsack and musket
for about a year, being subsequently made commis-
sary-sergeant, in which position he remained until
the Eleventh Regiment was raised, when he was made
its adjutant, serving with marked credit in all the
campaigns of the regiment prior to the battle of
Gettysburg. He was especially recommended by
Gen. Carr for gallant conduct in that battle, at which,
Colonel McAllister being wounded, he assumed com-
mand of the regiment, which he retained until the
17th of September following.

" He was made lieutenant-colonel of the regiment
in August, 18(33, and served, most of the time in com-
mand, in all the subsequent campaigns of the Army of
the Potomac. He was brevetted colonel for gallantry
in action before Petersburg; and also for meritorious
conduct in the campaign ending in the surrender of
Lee's army. He was three times wounded, — at Gettys-
burg, Spottsylvania, and Cold Harbor.

"Col. Schoonover was, under all circumstances, a
courageous and efficient soldier and commander, and
was highly esteemed by. all who knew him, not only
for his soldierly qualities, but for his exalted charac-
ter and genuine worth as a man."

Chaplain Cline says of Col. Schoonover, " He
ever showed himself to be a man of rare excellence,
of great firmness and energy, of a dauntless courage
which never calculated danger when a duty was to be
performed, a high sense of right, and unfiinching
adherence to its obligations, with intellectual endow-
ments of a superior order, and social qualities which
won the affection and admiration of all his associates.
Kind-hearted to his command, never exacting from
them any unnecessary work, and always ready to do
everything in his power for their comfort and happi-
ness, he was universally beloved and honored, and
there was scarcely one who would not have given his
life, if needs be, to save his. Brave himself and ever
in the front of the battle, he took them there; and in
camp his regiment was in the highest state of disci-
pline and order."



CHAPTER XIV.

SUSSEX AND WARREN IN THE WAR OP THE
REBELLION (Continued).

L— FIFTEENTH INFANTRY (THREE YEARS).
This regiment was recruited in the northern part
of the Slate, ami had in its composition three com-
panies from Sussex and two from Warren County,
the remaining half of the organization being from
tin' adjoining counties of Hunterdon, Morris, and
Somerset. The regiment was rendezvoused at Flem-
Ington, N. J., during the summer of 1862, and mus-
tered into the service on the 25th of August, under



command of Col. Samuel Fowler. The other regi-
mental officers were: Lieutenant-Colonel, Edward L.
Campbell ;* Major, James M. Brown ; Adjutant, Wil-
liam P. Seymour; Quartermaster, Lowe Emerson;
Surgeon, Redford Sharp; Assistant Surgeons, George
R. Sullivan and George Trumpore. The names of
the commissioned officers and enlisted men composing
the companies from Warren and Sussex may be seen
on a succeeding page.

August 27th the regiment, nine hundred and
twenty-five strong, left its camp at Flemington for
the front. On its arrival at the capital it was marched
to Tenallytown, and there at once placed on fatigue
duty in the building of roads and erection of defenses ;•
among which latter was the construction of the for-
midable work named " Fort Kearney," in honor of
that brave and dashing New Jersey general, who gave
his life on the field of Chantilly at almost the precise
time when the men of the Fifteenth commenced their
work on the fortificatipn.

The regiment moved from Tenallytown on the 30th
of September to join the victorious Army of the
Potomac on the battle-field of Antietam, and, by
special request of the corps, division, and brigade
commanders, was assigned to the First Brigade, First
Division, Sixth Corps, — the already veteran " First
New Jersey Brigade." From this time forward to the
close of the war its history is that of the famous Sixth
Corps.

Its official fighting record, as made up by the ad-
jutant-general of the State, is as follows : Fredericks-
burg, Va., Dec. 13 and 14, 1862; Chancellorsville,
Va., May 3, 1863 ; Salem Heights, Va., May 3 and 4,
1863; Franklin's Crossing, Va., June 6 to 14, 1863;
Gettysburg, Pa., July 2 and 3, 1863 ; Fairfield, Pa.,
July 5, 1863 ; Funktown, Md., July 10, 1863 ; Rap-
pahannock Station, Va., Oct. 12, 1863 ; Rappahan-
nock Station, Va., Nov. 7, 1863; Mine Run, Va.,
Nov. 30, 1863; Wilderness, Va., May 5 to 7, 1864;
Spottsylvania, Va., May 8 to 11, 1864; Spottsylvania
Court-house, Va., May 12 to 16, 1864; North and
South Anna River, Va., May 24, 1864; Hanover
Court-house, Va., May 29, 1864 ; Tolopotomy Creek,
Va., May 30 and 31, 1864; Cold Harbor, Va., June 1
to 11, 1864; before Petersburg, Va., June 16 to 22.
1864; Weldon Railroad, Va., June 23, 1864 ; Snickers'



* Liellt.-Col. Campbell, who was already 111 the field with the Army of
the Potomac, did not join the Fifteenth until the 1st of October, when
the regiment wa. on its inarch to the Sixtll Corps in Maryland. Liout.-
Col. Campbell was made colonel by brevet Oct. It), 1804, brevet brigadier-
general April '.), 1805, and promoted to the colonelcy of the Fonrtli Regi-
ment May ?0, 1806. In Maryland, upon tho illness of (Job Fowler, ho
took command, of the Third Regiment, which position ho held during
most of tho time it was in the service, leading it in nearly every great

battle In which it participated. One who served with tho regi nt

says, "If the Fifteenth over performed any efficient ecrvico for the
country, or by its conduct reflected any honor upon Now Jersey, it was
due more to Edward L. Campbell than to any other man. Ilia bravery,
Integrity, capacity, and diligence stamped tho regiment with a character
whoso valno was known in many critical junctures and hard-fought
battles."



SUSSEX ANh WARREN IX THE WAR OF THE REBELLION.






Gap, Va., July 18, 1864; Strasburg, Va., Aug. 15,
1864; Winchester, Va., Aug. 17. L864; Charlestown,
Va., Aug. 21, 1864; Opequan, Va., Sept. 19, 1864;
Fisher's Bill, Va., Sept. 21 and 22, 1864; New Mar-
ket, Va., 8ept. 24, 1864 ; Mount Jackson, Va., Sept.
26, 1864; Cedar Creek and Middletown, Va., Oct. 19,
1864; Batcher's Bun, Va., Feb. 5, 1865; Fori Steed-
man, Va., March 25, 1865; capture of Petersburg,
Va., April 2, L865; Sailor's Creek, Va., April 6, 1865;
Farmville, Va., April 7. 1865; Appomattox
surrender), April 9, 1865.

I hi rej ime il n ceived its baptism of lire :it the
great battle of Fredericksburg, l> c. 18, 1862. Dur-
ing the greater pari of thai bloody day the Fifteenth
was posted along the line of the railroad, keeping up
a steady fire and making occasional charges but with
Light loss. Ai about four o'clock the Jersey brigade
made a more determined attempt on the position in
its immediate front, but was forced back with a
greater loss than it bad befi re sustained, many being
taken prisoners, among whom were n number of nun
of the Fifteenth. This charge was the last of the
regiment's fighting for the day. Its total loss at
Fredericksburg was about thirty, of whom very few
were killed outright. Michael Mulvey (Company G)
was the first man of the regiment killed. The next
morning the regiment was relieved at the front by
the One Bundred and Twenty-first New York Regi-
ment. The Fifteenth went into camp at Whii
Church, and there passed the dreary winter. The
nexl spring, with the army under command of Gen,
Hooker, the Fifteenth crossed the Rappnhan
ami participated in the battle of Chan
Of the part taken by the Fifteenth in the battle of
Salem Heights, May 3d and 1th, Lieut.-Col. Camp-
bell, commanding the regiment, in his report (dated
May 1 1 tin, says,

" My command broke camp at White < lak < 'hurch,
Va., en the afternoon of Tuesday, April 28th, and
inarched to the bank of the Rappahannock, near
Franklin's ( Irossing, where it bivouacked until towards
:, when it was moved t" the river and crossed
daj lighl "ii the morning "t' the
29th, taking up a position on the Boutb haul,. R

then- until the morning May,

when I was ordered to the I'ronl at about daybreak,
and was assigned a position in support of a battery on

tlie extreme left which was hotlj engaging the enemy.
Remained upon this duty, taking up various po
ami pari of the time exposed to a severe scattering
think tire from the ■ nemy's line of skirmishers, until
i from his position on the heights
above Fredericksburg ami the line on the left was
Ordered t" retire towards that place, when I ■
in the rear a- a supporl i" our retiring skirmishers.
Everything was brought from the field without diffi-
culty Vrriving some distance out of the city,

en the plank-road, I lear 1 that the enemy was

making a stoul resistance in front, and that tl



Brigade was aboi .1 im. M in hin

idly as practicable, 1 arrived at the front at abo

o'clock P.M., and. without halt in .

ordered by the gen ral commanding th

gage the enemy on the right of the road, in a thick

« 1 in which they had taken a position and

ually resisted any attempt t" dislodge him. My com-
mand advanced about "He hundred yard- tin

- impassable, undergrowth, to
within about thirty yards dl' the enemy's p
where it engaged at least four of his regiments, with,
i am convinced, a terrible effect, but without driv-
ing him sition. dust at dark.
my ammunitii itirely exhausted at

- lire destructive, I retired in good order, tie'
enemy showing it" disposition t" follow. I lit
satisfaction of saying f"r my command that

man left the line of battle except the wounded, and

e rolls wire called, immediately upon arriv-
ing in the "pen field, every mall was present "r prop-
erly accounted for except those who were killed,
wounded, or missing in action, the latter bein
live, and all probably killed or wounded. My
wounded wen' all b luring or after the

action, except possibly tie- five mentioned aboi
ton nd "it account of the d tnsc undergrowth of b
"i in Sunday night (May 3d my command bfv-
i upon tic battle-lield. During the engage-

hi of Monday 1 wa I to various pos

a part of the i i support of batteries. When a'

the artillery was ordered towards the river, I
wa- ordered t" follow is. Recrossed tin 1 river ju-t
before daylight in the m irning, and went into camp
on the north hank. I ' arched

to my present place of I would n-

specl fully call attention to the condm to

I I: Wa- -ecu ID ,,)' the fight,

and repeatedly he went t" the front alone, trying to

dy his own men, hut those •>! "th.

incut-, t" follow. I am much indebted t" "iir chaplain
Haines) for hi- services in transmitting order;- and
attending to the wounded. All my officers behaved
well, especially when taking into consideration that
it was their first engagement."

i tew weeks of quiet the Fifteenth, wi
army of Gen. Booker, pressed northward by forced
marches, arriving in the afternoon of July 2d

. where the great battle was already in pro-
OUl a half-hour before sunset tin- hi

wa- moved to the front, to hold a position from which

: ad I. .-.'11 COmpi !l d •." retire.

further assault was made t: Through all

the following 'lay. inclu ;

P ' .■-. the

Fifteenth, with its brigadi intly in line,

ready f r work, but was not or! ei die

ith, the
th t""k part in the pursuit and in mil
I



90



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY.



crossed the river into Virginia with the main body of
the army. During the remainder of the year it par-
ticipated in the various movements of the Sixth Corps,
and in December, 1863, went into winter quarters uear
Brandy Station, Va.

In the spring of 1S64 opened the bloody campaign
of the " Wilderness." Lieut.-Gen. Grant was now
in command of the armies. In this campaign the
Fifteenth saw its most desperate fighting, and sus-
tained the severest losses experienced during its term
of service. May 5th it became slightly engaged,
suffering some losses, as also on the 6th and 7th. On
the Sth the Jersey brigade was sent to the assistance
of Gen. Warren, whose corps had met with a check.
" After some manoeuvring the Fifteenth, with the
Third (as a skirmish-line), was selected to make an.
assault on the enemy and develop his position and
strength. No charge was ever more gallantly deliv-
ered. With two armies looking on, it advanced
across an open field ; when within about three hun-
dred yards of the front of the wood in which the
enemy was posted it fixed bayonets, and with a line
of glittering steel as steady as on dress-parade dashed
up to the rebel position, to find them strongly en-
trenched and in full force. As far as rifle-shot could
reach, upon each flank they opened upon the de-
voted little band. Notwithstanding the deadly fire,
it drove the enemy out of the work in its front, cap-
tured two prisoners, and, to save annihilation, was
ordered by its commander to retire. One hundred
and one of its brave officers and men were left upon
the field, killed or wounded. It may be doubted if
a more perilous forlorn hope was ever more daringly
executed."

The following day the regiment (with the First)
was detached to turn the right flank of the enemy
and gain possession of a cross-roads. The next morn-
ing they drove the rebel skirmish-line before them
for about a mile, and struck the right of the enemy's
line, strongly entrenched oh the top of a hill, which
position was afterwards known as the "bloody angle."
The two regiments attacked vigorously, but were
forced back. Later, reinforced by two more regiments,
they again attacked, but could not dislodge the enemy,
although they held their own position. On the 12th
occurred one of the most stubbornly-contested strug-
gles of the war. It was for the possession of the
" bloody angle." In the attack the Fifteenth was
on the extreme right of the front line. It charged
witli fixed bayonets and carried the work, capturing
a stand of colors and all the rebels who did not fall
or run. "It was the only regiment of the Sixth
Corps which got inside the enemy's fortifications that
day." But this desperate charge was at fearful cost:
one hundred and fifty men of the regiment were
swept away in a half hour; more than half the rank
and file and seven of the most valued officers fell,
killed or wounded, inside or near the hostile works.
Out of four hundred and twenty-nine men and four-



teen line-officers who crossed the Rapidan on the 4th,
only one hundred and twenty-two men and four offi-
cers remained."*

The losses in the Warren and Sussex companies
of the Fifteenth during the eleven days succeeding
the crossing of the Rapidan, to the close of its fight-
ing in the neighborhood of Spottsylvania Court-house,
May 4 to 15, 1864, are given as follows :

COMPANY A.
Capt. C. A. Shinier, Lieut. George C. Justice, Sergt. Paul Kuhl, killed;
Sergt. William B. Dutigan, wounded; Sergt. Lucieu A. Voorhees,
killed; Corp. John F. Sorvis, wounded ; Corp. Jonathan P. Collins,
killed ; Corp. Joseph Rankle, wounded.

Private*.
David Allganl, missing; David Anthony, Jacob Apgar, killed; William
11. Bryan, Jacob Bryan, John Butler, John Burns, woundeil ; Jacob
Beam, wounded and missing; John Brogau, killed; George S.
Beaver, wounded; Andrew Closson, Isaac Dayton, Joseph Dawes,
John Evans, missing; Joseph Eve.itt, killed; William Gulick,
wounded; George P. Henderson, killed; Lewis Higgius, missing;
William L. Higgins, wounded ; Silas Hockenberr.y, killed; Lemuel
lloekenberry, wounded; Moses House], missing; John W. Henry,



Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 21 of 190)