James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

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the circumstances — of four officers and thirty nun.
The only prisoner lost was Lieut. Kin-ley, who W83
missing by accident. t

In Meade's advance across the Rapidan, on the

26th of November, the First New Jersey was sent in

advance to a position near Hope Church, on the Fred-
ericksburg and Orange plank road. Here they had
: ngagement with a body of rebel cavalry which

disputed their advance. They were stationed in a
thicket of w Is, into which the First New Jersey

and First Pennsylvania, dism tunting, plunged, and

with a cheer that rolled along the line, waking the

echoes of the solitude, dashed upon the enemy. The

skirmishers fell back with a loss of forty pris -rs, in-

oluding several officers. Pushing back the rebel line
to a point where a desperate struggle ensued, twenty-

se\ en of the regiment, ollieers and men, were killed or

bo wounded as to be disabled. Jamison was Bhot

through the heart, Cray had his hand shattered,
Fane was almost -tunned, and Hobensack was .-truck

so violently by a piece of shell as to be tor Bome min-
utes crated, Set they carried skirmish-line and bat-
tle-line iii the fa I' the reh )] artillery, pushing them

leek for a quarter Ofa mile, till they were relieved by
the Fifth Corps.

In |)e. ■ember the regiment went into winter quar-
ters at Warren ton. One of the exploits of the winter
of 1868 64 i- thus detailed in an official report of
Lieut. -Col. Heater to Governor Parker:

"Hum. il... honor t.. report thai .... H....i7th Inst (Kobru

I m ordered to lake tin.- hundred ....'i BMj men ( prising one

t. Ired and Rftj ..f the sirs) dm Jane) fJktalry, under i nand ..f

□apt Hart, and two hundred tol the Ural Pounsylranla, I

, and Third Pennsylvania) and attempt the capture ol slushy's

Mid. Jane

guonilliu. We started Irora Warrenton .a tan o'clock on n v.-nlntf.'f

II,,- i-il, Inrt., ami marched rapidly. It being cold, to Salem. At that

point I detached i.n> men to n i ma .a Parli and at Pledmonl

Cape, Hart «ltl e hundred and Brtj I ) hi i»u* thn.ii^h

Pled i.i Valley and Join me ..i Paris in Aahby'eGap.and with one hnu-

dre I I Bfty men I started f..r Harkham Station, In .Mm..."

•a tyof Mj men . • lied lei. without capturing any guerrilla*. Tim
purtj- under Capt Hart pai mont Valley to Pel

inn,.- tit ii fu i i ill.,- ,iii,l ,i ],u t-.- iiiiuil'-r ..f Imna-s, arum, ail. I i-.pilp-

nienfa. The party with myself passed through Mai as Gap <■■ Mark-

ham,and from I lug Ihe monntaln i" Paris, In \-

rlllas and a large number of horses, arms, and
equipments, and gome medical stores. It waa twain o'clock In I
reached IJaris, al whl. i. pi ice I halted one bourtofeed. At oni
I started t., return. In a..- mean Uma the guerrillas bad colus •

i, , i ,ii. .„i one hundred, and attempted i.. capture my rear-guard,

which waa under the command of Capt Hart The enemy charged ser-
,.,.,l tin,.-., but «-i- repulsed mtii loss. The casualties on our side were
Cn.pt. Hart wounded and two horsea killed. Capl Harts iswoundedat
Dppersllle, and traveled with the column to Warrenton without cum-
plaint,— a distance of tweuty-elx mllee. Th,- distance marched i v its waa
Boreuty-four miles lu twenty-two hours. Qraat credit Is dui I
Mint; „li', i i.i-„: Lame, Dye, and Cause."

During the battles of the Wilderness and in turn-
ing Lee's right wing in the advance on Richmond the

regiment did excellent service, and maintained it-
reputation for daring hardihood and brilliant ex-
ploits. In an engagement on the 28th of May. L864,
tie- ammunition of the men gave out while they were
hardly pressed by the enemy. A new supply was
brought from the rear, and ('apt. IScckman was shot
through both hands a- he Stretched thciii forth in the

net .it' distributing ammunition to the men. Lieut.
Bellis was almost at the same moment mortally

wounded, as was also Lieut. Stewart, ('apt. Bobbins

was wounded severely in the shoulder, Lieut. Shaw
badly in the head, Lieut. Wynkoop fearfully in the

foot. Lieut. Bowne was the only officer of the First

Battalion on the Geld who was untouched, and he had

several narrow escapes.

The regiment rendered Gen. Warren efficient a-

Bistance in the destruction of the Weldon Railroad,

repelling the attack on the extreme left, and thus
securing the line of the road. Here, in the front line,
l'.ll .had or mortally wounded a number of the gallant
men who had fought on many a hard field, just a- the
term of Service for which they had enlisted expired.

( iii the l-i of September, 1864, the men who-,- term

of service had expired embarked at City Point for
Trenton, N. J., but leaving the regiment, OS an or-
ganization, still in the field. It participated in the
engagement at Stony Creek and in the final campaign
of the war.

'fin- following non-commissioned officers and pri-

vates received •• medals of honor" from the Secretary

of War for gallantry in the campaign: First Sergt.

W. Stewart, Company F. : Sergt. Aar.ni I'..

Tompkins, Company c ; Sergt David Southard, Com-
pany ('; Color-Sergt Charles Wilson; Sergt William
Porter, Company 11 ; s.-rgt. Charles Titus, Company
II; Sergt. John Wilson, Company L j Corp. William
I'.. Hooper, Company L; Private Christian Stracla,
I 'ompiuiy I.

Maj. Bobbins, from whose report the above list is



taken, remarks, " In these ' medals of honor' the sol-
dier received a token which is of more value than any
which could be given ; they stamp the recipient a
brave and faithful soldier, — a name to be honored
and revered."

The major also says, " Sergt.-Maj. William T.
Allen and Samuel Walton, Company A ; Charles
Krouselmire and John Teirney, Company B ; Sergts.
William B. Bronson, C. Marshall, and Chester
Merith, Company C ; Sergt. John Warren, Company
D ; Sergt. John Shields, William Kussell, and John
Foggerty, Company E; Sergts. Michael Williams
and Edward F. Wenner, Company G; Sergts. John
Brockfank and William Hudson, Company H; Corp.
Philip Klespies, Company H ; Sergts. G. W. Me-
Peck, Aaron H. White, William H. Powell, and
William Booth, Corps. Joseph Marsh and Francis
Brown, Company K ; Sergt. William Stout, Corps.
John McKinney and James Brady, Company L ;
Sergts. John Davis, James S. Fallman, and Corp.
William B. Easton, Company M, are all worthy of
mention. They are known in the regiment for their
good conduct in this memorable campaign."


Thomas Eyerson Haines, son of the Hon. Daniel
Haines, formerly Governor of New Jersey, was born
at Hamburg, in the county of Sussex, March 15, 1838.
Having graduated at the College of New Jersey in
1857, and read law for the requisite term, a part of
which was spent in the Law School of the University
of Cambridge, he was admitted to the bar of New
Jersey in June, 1860, and commenced practice in the
city of Newark.

In politics he adopted the principles avowed by the
Democratic party, but secession he denounced as a
political heresy, the storming of Fort Sumter as an
overt act of treason, and the armed rebellion which
followed as an assault upon the life of the nation, to
be repelled and suppressed by all the nation's force.
From the time of that insult to the American flag he
was resolved to offer his services to his country. In
August, 1861, he was commissioned first lieutenant in
Company K of the First New Jersey Cavalry Eegi-
ment. Accustomed to the saddle from childhood and
dextrous in the use of the broadsword, that arm of the
service pleased him most. Within ten days of the
notice of his appointment he took leave of his home
and the loved ones there, and reported at Trenton for

Early in September the regiment moved to the
vicinity of Washington City. Then the task of drill-
ing raw recruits was commenced in earnest and ac-
coniplishcd with success, his rule being "never to
undertake to drill the men in any movement without
first thoroughly understanding it himself." While
exacting strict obedience to every order, he scrupu-
lously sought to promote the personal comfort of his
men. Nor was he indifferent to their moral training.

He persuaded his company to listen daily to a por-
tion of Scripture. The reading of the non-commis-
sioned officer appointed not proving satisfactory to
all, he assumed the exercise himself, reading selected
passages, explaining and sometimes commenting upon
the text. No officer was more sincerely beloved by
his men. His labors were not confined to the duties
of a lieutenant. He was made regimental judge-ad-
vocate, for which office his legal attainments well
qualified him. At the solicitation of the commander
he assumed the duties of adjutant. He declined an
appointment on a general's staff, preferring to remain
in his own regiment and share the hardships of the
men who had been enlisted by him. He was after-
wards commissioned as captain of Company M. This
company, as well as Company K, was recruited in
Hamburg, his native place, and vicinity. In every
capacity he took a full share of all the perils and
hardships encountered by the regiment, which, from
the time it was brigaded, was almost constantly made
the advance-guard.

On the 25th of May, 1862, the brigade, under Gen.
Bayard, was moving from Fredericksburg towards
Richmond, when it received orders to join the forces
of Gen. Fremont in pursuit of the rebel general Jack-
son. By forced inarches it reached Strasburg on the
evening of Sunday, June 1st. The next morning the
First New Jersey Cavalry charged through the vil-
lage, and upon the rear of Jackson's retreating forces.
A succession of skirmishes ensued, and the batteries
of the enemy, placed at commanding points to cover
his retreat, were charged or flanked, always with suc-
cess, but not without loss. At Fisher's Hill, Capt.
Haines displayed great gallantry, leading the charge
up the steep ascent by which the enemy were dis-
lodged from their strong position.

On Friday, June 6, 1862, having driven the enemy
through Harrisonburg, Col. Percy Wyndham, in com-
mand, fell into an ambuscade, and was, with others,
captured, and a number of his officers and men killed
and wounded. In the engagement there was a fierce
hand-to-hand conflict with Ashby's cavalry. The
rebel cavalry were put to flight, and the New Jersey
regiment, pressing on in rapid pursuit, soon found
themselves in the midst of an infantry brigade, who
poured into them a deadly fire. Unsupported by the
accompanying regiments, they were thrown into con-
fusion, several companies breaking, and soon they
were in hasty retreat. "Among the last to retire was
Capt. Haines. In the midst of the confusion his
slender form was conspicuous as he called to the men
of his company and sought to rally them around him.
As he was crossing the heavy ground bordering on
the stream a squad of Virginia cavalry, led by an
officer in a long gray coat, came down upon the flank
of the fugitives. A bullet from the officer's pistol
penetrated the body of Capt. Haines, who dropped
dying from his horse." — Chaplain Pyne.

A rebel trooper dashed up, and as he lay pros-




trate inflicted a sabre-cut on his head. One who was
present saj • of him, " Never was greater heroism dis-
played. Surrounded on all -ides, he yet fought with
(he courage of an ancient Spartan, and twice he cut
his way through; hut a pistol-ball in his right side
unhorsed him, ami after In- had fallen all the remain-
ing pulsations of his warm heart were ended by a
ghastly Babre-cut."

The next day officers in search of the body found
it m-ar tin- battle-field in a newly-made grave pre-
pared by a good Hunker. Having mi eolfin, he
lined the bottom and sides <if the grave with green
branches; then, spreading a cloth over the face ami
placing a board over all, he filled ii in with

thus saving I mn i further niiii il it-. :i I lie turf i ■inv-
alid graceful form of a young officer, and doing a
kindly act to the remain-, of one whom he had never
known in lite.
On Sunday, the 8th of June, while tie- cannonade

at Cross Keys thundered out a re pitem, the ho.lv was

reiniernd in the Barrisonburg Va. churchyard with

all the honors due to a colonel, voluntarily rendered
by the whole regiment, every officer ami man appear-
ing like a chief mourner.

Governor Haines sought personally to recover, the
hody of his son. The Secretary of State. Mr. Stan-
ton, furnished him an order requiring the officers of
the army to give all possible aid, ami to the quarter-
master's department to furnish all needful transpor-
tation, for the accomplishment of his purpose. Gen.
Fremont received him kindly at his headquarters.
But, the army having fallen back, Harrisonburg was
now in possession of the enemy. A flag of truce
with a communication from the general was Bent, re-
questing permission for the removal of the body; hut
(!eu. Jackson returned a cruel answer, ami refused to

allow its removal.

In September, 1864, the Union troops again pene-
trated the Shenandoah valley as far as Harrisonburg,
when the remains' were disinterred and sent with an
armed escorl to Martinsburg, \'a. From thence thej
were brought to Hamburg, X. .1., ami interred in the
North < 'huivh cemetery.

Such was the short and brilliant caret r of a gallant
soldier and a true man. He was solemnly dedicated
to the service of his country, and in that service no-
bly laid down his young life. None was more he-
loved, few Could he more lamented.


THE REBELLION (Continued).


I in: Ihirti.ih 1; inieiit niainlv recruited in the
county of Somerset, and mustered into service at

Flemington, Sept. 17, 1862, had in it at it- organiza-

tion about thirty men from Warren County. These
had been recruited byCapt. Benjamin F. Howey, the
present sheriff of Warren, and, being a wurplus over
and above the number necessary to till hi- company,
— Companj G, of the Thirty-first Regiment, — they
wen- turned over to Edward S. Barnes, of Paha-

quarry, Warren < !o., and helped to make up ( 'ompany

li ot the Thirtieth Regiment, of which Mr. Barnes

was made first lieutenant. Lieut. Harm - died of
fever at Aquia Creek. Va., Dec. 29, 18G->, only a few
month- after the- regiment had arrived at the seat of
war, and his place wa- Idled by William A. Henry.

This regi nt was recruited in Warren and Hun-
terdon Counties, Warren County furnishing six com-
panies, namely, !!.<', E, G, II, and I, and one-half of
Company D, of the Thirtieth Regiment. The original

roster of the regiment was as follows:

Colonel, Alexander P. Berthoud; Lieutenant-
Colonel, William Holt; Major, Robert R. Honey-
man; Adjutant, Martin Wyckoff; Quartermaster,

I-rael Well-; Surgeon. Robert P.. Browne; A — i-taul

Surgeons, Joseph S. Cook, Nathaniel Jennings; < Ihap-
lain, John McNair.

' tympany A. — Captain, Samuel Carhart : First Lieu-
tenant, Leavitl Sanderson; Second Lieutenant, An-
drew A. Thompson.

Company B. — Captain. Joseph W.Johnson; Firet
I ii Hi' mint, John ('. Felver; Second Lieutenant,
frank I'. Weymouth.

Company C. -Captain, Andrew J. Raub; First
Lieutenant, Thomas T. Stewart ; Second Lieutenant,

Sila- I lul-izer.

Company I). — Captain, Alexander V. Bonnell ; First
Lieutenant, John C. Coon; Second Lieutenant, An-
drew T. Connett.

Company E. — Captain, Woodbury I). Holt; First
Lieutenant, William L. Rodenburgh ; Second Lieu-
tenant, John Alpaugh.

Company F. — Captain, Peter Hart; Firal Lieuten-
ant, Joseph E. McLaughlin; Second Lieutenant,
James I. Moore.

Company 0. — Captain, Benjamin F. Howey; Firet

Lieutenant, William C. Lar/.clier; Second Lieuten-
ant, James F. < been.

Company H. — t iptain David M Trimmer Firai

Miit, John N. Givins; Second Lieutenant,

Henry Hance.

Company I. — Captain, Calvin T. James j First Lieu-
tenant. Richard 'I'. Drake; Second Lieutenant. !


Company K. — Captain, Nelson Bennett; First Lieu-
tenant. Edson J. Rood.

In addition to the officers and men of the -ix com-
panies ami a halt' named above, of the field and -tall'

< !ol. Alexander 1'. Berthoud, Lieut. -< !ol. William Holt,
ami Adjt. Wyckoff were from Warren County. The

number in all wa- 694. The regiment wa- mustered



into service at Flemington, N. J., Sept. 17, 1862, and
proceeded to Washington on the 26th of the same
month. Here they remained, doing picket and fa-
tigue duty, till the 1st of December, when they moved
from Tenallytown and proceeded to Liverpool Point,
on the Maryland side of the Lower Potomac. The
regiment was organized as part of the Provisional
Brigade, formed of the Thirtieth, Thirty-first, Twenty-
second, and Twenty-ninth New Jersey and One Hun-
dred and Thirty-seventh Pennsylvania. They crossed
the Potomac on the 5th of December, landing at
Aquia Creek, Va., where the men suffered greatly
from exposure to the excessively cold and stormy
weather. Soon after, the brigade was placed under
command of Gen. Patrick, provost-marshal-general
of the Army of the Potomac, and under his orders
they were placed on post, railroad, and provost duty,
the Thirty-first being stationed at Belle Plains, Va.

The regiment was thus in the vicinity of Freder-
icksburg, but did not participate in the great battle
at that place, on the 13th of December, under Gen.
Burhside. The Thirty-first, with its brigade, took
part in the spring campaign of 1863, which culmi-
nated in the disastrous battle of Chancellorsville.

On the 29th of April the brigade crossed the Rap-
pahannock at "Franklin's Crossing," below the town
of Fredericksburg.

" On the morrow, late in the afternoon, the brigade
was advanced to meet an approaching advance of
rebel infantry, the Thirty-first forming the second
line of battle, in support of the Twenty-ninth New
Jersey. The line had scarcely been formed on the
summit of the declivity forming the river-bank when
the enemy quickly withdrew and opened a remorse-
less fire from his batteries which no troops were able
to stand. The Twenty-ninth, being most exposed,
fell back, forming in the rear of the Thirty-first, all
the troops protecting themselves by lying flat on the.
ground. There were no casualties in the Thirty-first,
owing to its fortunate position, but the firing was ter-
rific. About dusk the firing slackened, and soon
ceased, when the Thirty-first was ordered to advance
under cover of the darkness and complete and occupy
some rifle-pits in close proximity to the rebel line,
which was at once done, the men working in pro-
found silence most of the night in strengthening their
position. . . . Day broke on the field, but passed,
quite unexpectedly, as peacefully as if the foe had
quit the scene. On the 2d, however, the batteries of
the enemy opened with a terrible fire, compelling the
division speedily to retire. The Thirty-first, however,
maintained its position in comparative safety, relying
upon its defenses, which were so well constructed as
to be highly complimented by Gens. Wads worth and

During these operations the main force of Gen.
Hooker had sustained a severe reverse at Chancellors-

* I'untur'a "Now JornoyiiiiJ tho Robolllo

ville, and orders were now received for Reynolds'
corps to move up and reinforce the army at that point.
In executing this movement it was necessary to hold
the advanced line, with the apparent intention of en-
gaging the enemy, until the main body of the corps
had crossed to the north side of the river. The
Thirty-first was a part of the rear-guard left for this
purpose, and it was the last regiment to cross the pon-
toon-bridge, which it did under a most destructive
artillery-fire from the enemy, who had by this time
become aware of the purpose of the movement, and
seemed determined to annihilate the little force which
had held him at bay. An officer of the regiment,
writing of the affair, said, —

"The situation of the regiment at this time was
most critical. The correspondent of the New York
Times reported the Thirty-first as 'cut to pieces.'
When he left that portion of the field the regiment
was nearly surrounded and the bridge in its rear par-
tially destroyed. The whole corps was in motion, the
Thirty-first alone excepted, it being left to hold the
enemy at that point as long as possible, and to de-
ceive him as to numbers. The men behaved admi-
rably, marching firmly down to the bridge, where
they were held until a battery had crossed, expecting
every moment to be charged upon. After crossing
we were obliged to scatter, as the enemy had accurate
range of us. The colonel had previously designated
a rallying-point for the regiment, which proved to be
beyond his observation, and every man came to time
in that race. We saved the battery, but came near
losing the regiment."

After this crossing the Thirty-first moved rapidly
on and rejoined the brigade, which had already ad-
vanced a considerable distance up the river.

The march of the brigade with its corps was made
with all possible speed to United States Ford on the
Rappahannock, several miles above Fredericksburg.
This point was reached late in the night, and the
wearied men bivouacked on the north bank for a
brief rest. At daylight in the morning they crossed
the river at the Ford, and the Thirty-first, with its
brigade, moved along the line, by way of the Chan-
cellor House, to the extreme right of the army,
where it took position at sunrise on the 3d of May.
Through all the day and succeeding night it remained
in that position without becoming engaged. On the
4th the position of the Thirty-first was changed more
to the right, but it was not brought into action on the
field of Chancellorsville, though at times lying under
very heavy fire. On the 5th orders were given for
the army to withdraw to the north side of the Rappa-
hannock, and during that night the regiment crossed
the river. On the 7th it rejoined the brigade, which
then went into camp near the " Fitzhugh House," not
far from the river, and two or three miles below Fred-

No events of importance occurred thenceforth in
the history of the regiment. When the Army of the



Potomac left the vicinity of Falmouth and Btarted
northward on the route thai finally brought it to the
field of Gettysburg, the Thirty-first moved with the
other commands, bnt :it the end of one day's march
orders were received directing t In: r return and muster
out, their term of Bervice having expired. Under,
these orders the regiment moved l>;n'k to Falmouth,
whence, after turning over tlu'ir wagons and other
quartermaster's property, they marched to Stafford
( lourt-house, and from there to Dumfries and across
tile OiToijitiiM tu Alexandria. They Boon moved
the Potomac to Washington, where a Blight
delay occurred, and then they were transported bj
rail to NewJersej and mustered out of the service at

The experience of the regiment on the field of con-
flict had not been great, and their losses in actual
battle were but nominal; but Fredericksburg and
Chancellorsville had proved their bravery and stead-
fastness, and thai the} were worthy of the patriotic
State which Had Be it thein tu the field.

During a considerable portion of the time Col. Ber-
thoud commanded the brigade, owing to the expira-
tion of Gen. Paul's term of appointment. Lieut. -
Cnl. Holt resigned early in 1863, and the command of
ni.ni from that time till nearly the close of its
Bervice devolved upon Maj. I lom-yman, of Somerset.




Field mdBtnf.
Millar, Levi n„ M.D Newton . tsslstaut surgeon; must in Aug.8,1802,
for tin-.'.- yean; must ool Jnua - I, 1804

Sl:i ii\|i I\I\NTIIY.

FWd i Sfcyr.

Ryer 1 1 . 1 1 1 > 0., Ileutenaiit-col I; com. Jul j I, 1868; pro. from

major; pro. to be ooloool Twenty-third New Jorsey I nt.u.ti >. Not,

12,1802; train to col Icy Tolitll Bk-glnicut, March 20,1 I

Uny 12, 1804) of w idi received in batllo of the Wild

6, 1804,

Henry P. (Deckertown), captain: enrolled and must In May 2".
ISOl.Ibi Ibreeyeara; mual out March 10, eaul Uaj

27, 1801 ; Mcond lleutonaul Bept :, 1801 , diet llsutenaut Jhd. 21,

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 27 of 190)