James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

. (page 38 of 190)
Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 38 of 190)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


John R. Cyphors, second lieut. ; com. Fob. 10, 1803; must, out Juno 24,

1803.
John Smith, first sorgt. ; onl. Sopt. 3, 1802 ; must, out Juno 24, 1803.
Abram E. Ilinloy, sorgt. ; onl. Sept. 3, 1802 ; must, out Juno 24, 1803.
Robert C. Carpenter, sergt. ; onl. Sopt. 3, 1802 ; must, out Juno 24, 1861.
Daniel Parcel], sorgt. ; onl. Sept. 3, 1862 ; must, out Juno 24, 1863.
Charles Pnrdoo, sergt. ; enl. Sept. 3, 1862 ; must, out Juno 24, 1803.
David Stamets, Corp. ; enl. Sopt. 3, 1862 ; must, out June 24, 18G3.
Lowis Dioslo, corp. ; onl. Sopt. 3, 1802 ; must, out Juno 24, 1803.

* Unloss othorwiso specified, each enlisted mun of this regiment was
enrolled Sopt. 3, 1802, mustered in Sept. 17, 1802, and mustered out Juno
24, 1803.



SUSSEX AND WARREN IN THE AVAR OF THE REBELLION.



147



Jonathan 0. Bobbins, Corp.; onl. Sept. 3, 1802 ; must, nut Juno 24, 1803.
John Donnls, corp. i onl. Sept. 3, 1862 ; mint out Juno 24, 1803
Henry Carter, corp. ; onl. Sopt. 3, 1802 ; must, out Juno 21, 1803.

Joslah P. Dlattenburg, Corp.; onl. Sopt. 3, 1802 ; must, out J

j,,lin I!. Hand, Corp.; onl. Sept. 3, 1882; mo»t, onl Jane

-. Hui-i/. i, ...ip.; onl. Sopt. 3, 1802; most, ont Jone 24, 1803.

Jacob aim bo, mm ; onl, Sept 3, 1802; must onl .1 24, 1803.

ivi..i i ',ii, ,ii, ii,ii, ; nil Sept 1,1802; mast ont Jm.,, ! I

JHugh It. Person, wag.; onl. Bept 3, I-',: ; must ont Jane 24, 1803.

Prlcata.
Andrew Abel, Thomas Abol, William II. Bocbman (dlsch. disability Nov.

20, 1802), James Barker, Ja ! Bell, John M. Bonward, J pb M.

Bonward, Edward Bntler, Henry E. Butlor.John T. Case, William
■ . .Linn i A. Groveling, Jaxses T. TJalrympIo, Edward Deremor,

Juliu Illlts, Zealous Ih.nu] , Jac-cih Fisher, Martin Fisher, Jr., It.,l.ort

W. Fisher, William L. Fu-i-o nlh .1, lever, J ■ '■<■, I M '■:'. ', Martin J.

i Ilod.fovor, April 13,181 I), JohnS.Gardnor.LafayotteGardner,

John Hagor, Petei Hagor, William Hngorman, Philip 0. Harlung,
John Hawk, Josoph V. Honsell, Jacob S. IlilT, Willium W. Inscbo,
Ajir.ii, KclcliHno,John P. Eonnody (pro. to sec lloutCo F, Thir-
tieth Regiment, Feb. 4, 1803), Thomas W. Kitchen, William Koose,

Martin l.nlr, Henry I.elm, S n A I .. 1 1 -. ■ 1 - j .. ■ i ^.- r. Henry W. Long.

John Londenberry, John S. l,.itt, John II. Mellck, William B Met-
ller, John Mottler (died, fetrer, Feb. 2, 1803 .Sebastian Myora, William
Mltclioll, John Mowery, Lewis O'Ncll, Jacob Osraan, William 0.

lis n, Jacob F. Parker, Ja s Parker, John Parker, Willis IV. u-

son, William U. Flnmmer, Albort Powelson, Patrick Rodgers, Ed-
ward Boath (dlsch. disability May 23,1803), George W.S

I i i s I ley, Joseph II Seal r,.,, William >. Scarfoes, Ohrlstophor

8 - Hers, Peter Slckels, So I SIckels, Henry W. BIdors, Chrlsto-

phorF. Stoats, John v Stevenson, Isaac B. Thatcher, John Thatcher,

Henry Wamiai, (diod, fOTOr, April 25,1803), William K

William II. Woldon, G go F. Whoehgr, John T. Wheeler, William

Wbelan, Isaac I.. Wyant, Robert Wyaut, Andrew Young, Gcorgo M.
Y/oung (died, Ibvor, April 7 i

CO. E, THIRTY-FIRST REGIMENT (NINE MONTHS).

W Hairy D. Holt, copt; . ■■in. Sept. 1", 1802; st out Juno 24, 1803.

William I.. Bodonl ii, Brat licut.jcom. Sept. 10,1802; mast oal Jane

24, 1803.

John Alpnugh, s 1 llont; com. Sept 10, 1862.

John Bobbins, sec 1 llent; emu. Feb. 3, 1803; must, ont June 2 I, 1803,

Win D. Jol a, in i org! . ■ ni. Sepl ,3, 1802; musl out June 24,1803.

Jcsso Teats, sergt. ; enl. Sept. 3, 1862 ; must, out June 21, 1803,
Stewart K. Beers, sergt ; enl. Sopt 3, 1802 ; most ont June 21, 1S63.

Alevan.ler Alte s,scrgt ; enl Sepl 3, 1802; must out Juno 24, 1803,

Ja-,,1, It. W,-n. sergl ; enl. SeptS, M-.2; must, out June 24,1803.
lorenxol). Stevenson, corp.; enl Sepl 3, 1802; must out Juno 24, 1803.
Joseph t'. lieu, corp ; enl. Sept 3, 1802; mnst oul Jane 24, 186 I.
Billon t.Orogoi ; must out Juno 24, 1803.

Win, s. Nuughrlght, corp , enl, s„| 1 3, 1802; must ont Juno 24, 1803,

Martin V. B Slno, Corp.; Sepl 3, 1802; must out Juno 24, 1803.

B Oonly, corp I oul. SeptS, 1802; must out J 24,1863

I Btreeter, i irp.; enl. Sopt 3, 1802 ; mnst onl June 24, 1804.

Syhe-ier i;i. ,ii, corp.; onl Bopl 1,1802; mail oat Jane 24, 1803.

Ti tas S. Glbblns, mus. ; enl. Sepl 3,1802; must, out Jaao 24, I I

I'uiri Roper, inn-.; Sepi. :•,, 1802 t. Jane 24, 181 I.

boi il i, wag.; enl. Sepi 3, 1802; must oul Juno 24, 1803.

Privates.
John L, Mllgor, William I". Mpaa [h, Herman AHemus, Thomas Barnw,

Andrew Bortoli, Stophen n. B , Josoph B. Bird, 'William T. Bird,

Henry Blackburn, Aaron Bowlby, BylveotorBowlby, Henry Brunor,

Cornelius Bu an, [sho Butler, John Butler, Thomas Butlor, Levi

fa-,,, Peter v. Chandler, Enoch Cramor, Lyman B. Cramer, Victor
Cramer, William i Cramor, G u I ran or, B nrj I i iammlngs,

Hiram I tt. Ellplialol W. Hulleil. Samuel D, Kliii-ml- (Corp.

Sept. ::, 1802), (soai 3. Eldrid d, James \. Bxton, Bonnetl Gano,

George Qraham, William Qrah Eldridga Qr II v v ,

James 0. Qullck, William B Hardy, Samuol Hoppock, John Had.

.11 Robert Hnddleson, Poloi Haiti tor, William Hultlur, Allen

King, Edwin ii. Lewis, Ella- Lowls, James U, Lewis, ( !
Dladlson (corp, Bopl ; . 1802), Emanuol Uannlng, John Manning,
Samuel Manning, Roberl UcCash, Qi I HeUok, Edward M

Herritt, Abraham Uount(corp, Sopt.3,180! . Uexander of nlllgan,
Alexander Probasco, laron KockofolloTr, Junes n. Rodoi



John II, gcbomp, Laden 0. Sbeppanl, William W. Smith, Gcorgo
ii ■ ., Jo* pb i. si .ii. The idore Stoat, John

sin!... corp Sept :t. 1802), George W. Bull lacoE •

Watson i. Bwarret corp. Bept 3, 1802), Samuel Wagner, Richard
w il- Lerl 8. foung.

DUcharyfil.

Ball, William il . disability, Nov. 14, 1802.
Ely, Hem, p., disability, (for. 11

i, August .li-.ii ility, Feb. i',, 1803.
Launlng, Aaron II , disability, Doc. 7, 1802; died at Anna;, ,]i-, Md., Jan.
4, 1803.

Altomus, Charles, nt Washington, D. c. Not. i

sia.k, Charles W, at Belle Plain-, Va, Feb. 23, 1803.
i W ., at Bello Plains, Va., March 23, 1803.
Vonse, William, at Belle Plains, Va., Hob. 19, 1803.
Wheat, 1 1 peon II., at Tennallytown, D. C, Oct 1", 1802.

CO. G, THIRTY-FIRST REGIMENT.

Benjamin F. Howej cnpl : m Sopt 10, 1862; must out Jnoo 24,1863.

William 0. LarzeUer, lirst Heat ; com. Sept 10, 1882 ; res. Feb. 14, 1803.

William Bowers, lii-t llent; com. Fob. 20, 1863; must, out June 24,
1803.

I in, - I Green, second limit.; com. Sept. 10, 1802; res. Feb. 11, 1803.

Wesley W.Costner, second Heat; com. Feb. 20,1803; must, out Juno
24, i-i' I.

ScrgrnuU. — William C. Bloom (orderly), Aaron W. Davis, Isaac L. I.au-
teiinan, Elijah S. Sinner, William K. Evens (discb. disability Jan.
13, 1803), Theodoio H. Audrcss (died of fever Juno 3, 1863).

Corpora/*.— John Snover, Amos Merrill, Daniel P. Matlock, John B.
Corwin, M.utin L. Chamhors, Marshall II. Smith, Isaac Hani-,
George W. Dell.

Kmbhi D. Mann, Robert L. Gihbs, Conrad Miller (diod of
cholera morbus Oct. ft, 1802).

Wagoner. — Ellsha II. Christian.

iYini/es. — Emollus Able, Jacob J. Angle, Alfred Aten, James L. Borry,
Snmucl Brlttenhcfmor, William S. Burge, Samuel Babcock (dlach.
disability Nov. 14, 1802), Peter Car) (dlsch. dlsabllltj Sepl
Ji an W. Cnso, Jonas Case, Jnhcz G. Cowell, Lewis Creamer, Jacob
Cmsor, William Cyphers, Simon Potor Dembergor (enl. Nov. 3, 1802),
Teler Ileum-, Austin Bmi is, David M. Fnimotis, \\ ill lain II. Em-
mons, John Flick, Edward Freer, David X. Gardner, Abraham C.il-
bert, Ephralm GHbort, Jacob Gundrymnn, George Harris, O-ilen
Hani-, George Hayes, Alfred Henry, Charles E. Hartur.
disability Jan. 13, 1803), Clmrli« A.Hall (died, fever. Mar i.
Theodore Harris (died, consumption, Deo. 16, 1802), David M.
Kitchen, JoSM Kitchen, Marshall J. Koyt, DaTld It Kunkle, Abra-
ham r. Lance, Andrew D. Litis, Samuel LItts, William Ln

i i . , r klcCormick, John A. MoGormlck, Qeorge
W, UcKnlgllt, Jol,,, W. Milll.urn, Thomas It. Matlock (dU I., disa-
bility Nov. 14, 1802), George D. Nixon (dlsch. disability Nov. il,
1802), B . oiled, heart disease, May 2. 1803), William

Owen Phillips, Aaron Pool, Charles w. Foyer, Daniel v.
Poyor, Henry R. Poyor, Abraham s. Prlco, George Ojulek, Abr. A.
Bice, Nathan H. Bice, Cornelias 8. Bobbins, Daniel Shannoi
It. Shotwell, Daniel Smith, Join, Smith. Oscar smith. -Manuel r.
Snover, Nathaniel r. Snover. William K. Bnydor, Austin Stiles,
Uriah Stiles (discb. disability Nov. 14, 1862), Phllo Btnrj
Stout, ' i.. Henry Sutton (disch. dlsabllltj I

i . IndrowWIIdrick, Jacob Wloeniakor, William
Alirahaiu Winlermuto, George M. Wiuteiiiiuto, John B. Wolf.

CO. II, THIRTY-FIRST REGIMENT.
David IL Trimmei ; most, oat Jane 2*, 1883

John N. GIveas, tii-t Boat ;c im. Bept IS, ts,.j; mast ont Jm

Henry llaiii-e, -••,■ 1 llent; com. Sept. IS, Im',2; must out June 24, 1883.

Scrn«n\ti. — Charles Freeman (orderly , Alphens afeCracken, Talmago
l.. Boll, Sylvester Koyt, John 0. Sehomp.

Corporals. — Philip W. K ions, Levi II. Newman. Mar-hull

r. Sunn, Tobias 8. Van Horn, Frederick L. Crammer, Wil-
liam It. Slum. Willi, in It, II. Slirre.

'■ ' \ i ! - i.lVell-.

• irnellos Qullck.

i ! nil P. Anderson, Doniol II Ander-

I, Vielr.-vv

Beam, Qeorge Best, Henry D. Bl - BUby, Henry J.



118



SUSSEX AND WARREN COUNTIES, NEW JERSEY.



Bird, Thomas S. Bird, Samuel Carhart, "William R. Carpenter, George
B. Cole, William D. Coleman, John Connor, Aaron Crammer, Jr.,
Lawrence Culver, Andrew J. Dennis, Lawrence IT. Dilley, Azel
Edgarton, William Efner, Benjamin Felver, Mahlon Force, Charles
France, George W. Frazier, Moses Gray, John 0. Griggs, John W.
Gruver, John M. Gulick, Alexander Hardin, David Hardin, David
Hart, Samuel B. Hartpence, Edward B. Heid, And. H. Hibler, David
Hill, Edmond Hogan, John Hogan, William Hulmes, Alfred Hum-
ler, Chai-les H. Hayward (disch. disability Feb. 2, 186:)), Thomas
Karr, Daniel F. Kennedy, Isaac Lee, Henry Losey, Ezra Marlatt,
William H. Marlatt, William H. Marlatt, Jr., Andrew J. Mattison,
William McClain, Amos McLean, John H. Mott, George Mowry,
William Mowry (died, fever, March 12,1863), Charles Parson, Daniel
S.Ricc, Joseph C. Ittipell, William L. Shipps, Jacob A. Smith, Wil-
liam Sowers, James M.. Staples, John D. Staples, William Staples,
William C. Staples, John C. Steifle, William E. Stewart, Adolphus
Stillwell, Alexander Stine, Martin E. Thomas, William P. Turner,
Michael Verden, Philip G. Yroom, Robert Wallace. Aaron Wash-
burn, Andrew M. White, Jacob Wiley, Isaac L. Willett, Eoderick B.
Willet (died near Fitz Hugh House, Va., June 3, 1863), Stewart
Wire, Henry M. Zellers, Martin B. Zellors.



CO. I, THIRTY-FIRST REGIMENT.

Calvin T. James, capt. ; com. Sept. 10, 1862 ; res. Feb. 0, 1863.
Richard T. Drake, capt. ; com. Fob. 16, 1S63 ; must, out June 24, 1863.
James Prall, first lieut. ; com. Feb. 16, 1863 ; must, out June 24, 1863.
James Lukens, second lieut.; com. Feb. 16, 1863 ; must, out Juno 24, 1863.
Sergeants. — George Fox (orderly), Israel Swaze, Matthew L. Van Scoten,

Simon Braider, George S. Osmun, Derrick Albertson, first sergt (died,

typhoid fever, April 14, 1863).



Corporals. — John Fallon, William Salmon, David C. Gardner, Charles
Johnson, Hiram W. Allegar, James L. Pier6on, George A. Bemler,
Phineas K. Hazen.

Musicians.— Joseph N. Bogart, William Ripple.

Wagoner— James Pittenger (from Oct. 31, 1862).

Privates.— Elin W. Allegar, Edwin Ayres, John S. Bnnghart, Samuel
Bachman, John II. Bescherer, Robert M. Bishop, William Boofman,
Elijah C. Burd, Daniel Butz, Christopher Cole, William Cramer, John
V. Crutz, John M. Dalrymple, John Deisel, John Deremor, David
II. Drake,* John U. Eilenberg, John Fagan, Charles Flatt, John
Falkner, Peter A. Fry, James G. Galloway, George Ganoe, Reuben
Glass (disch. disability Nov. 26, 1862), James Goodison, George Gray,
Mttthias P. Hart, William H. Hetfield, Morgan Hinelino (disch.
disability Nov. 18, 1862), Philip Hopkins, Michael Houseman, Aaron
V. Hulsizer, Seneca B. Kitchen, Stephen Lanning, Baltzer T. Lay-
pock, Jesse V. Lomason, Marshall T. Lomason (disch. disability May
23, 1863), Charles Lanning (died of typhoid fever March 9, 1863),
Thomas Lomason, David Lomason, James G. Mace, Theodoro Mcd-
dock, Elijah Melroy, John Molroy, Aaron Mershon, Miller Mershon,
Robert Miller (died, fever, March 17, 1S63), George W. S. Norton,
Burris Osburn, William Pelts, John Person, Rouben Phillips, Jr.,
Timothy Rake, Thomas L. Randall, John Basely, William S. Robe-
son, Irvine 'Eodenbough, John Eowe, Goorge W. Rush, Isaac D.
Rush (died March 2Y, 1863), Frank Sawyer, Thomas Shafer, James
Slack, John Smith, John Sowdors, Roderick B. Stephens, William E.
Stiles, Augustus Struble, Dennis Titus, Joseph C. Tunis, John G.
Twining (died, diphtheria, Nov. 18, 1862), Wesley R. Van Gilder,
Lafinis Wambold, William II. II. War-man, Benjamin Warner, John
T. Widener (wagoner Sept. 3, 1SG2 ; private Oct. 31, 1862), Aldcn
Wilkinson, Thomas M. Williams, John M. Young.

* Died at home, Juno 25, 1S63.



HISTORY OF SUSSEX COUNTY.



CHAPTER I.

ORGANIZATION OF SUSSEX COUNTY.
I.— ORIGINAL BOUNDARIES.

Sussex was the thirteenth county of the stud' in
Che order of its erection. It was taken from the upper
part of Morris County liy an act of the < icneral As-
Bemblj passed June 8, 1758. The boundaries were

Bet forth as follows :

"Thiit nil uri'l lingular II." land and upper parte of Morris County
Dorthwnrd of Kueconel ong River, beginning nttho north of s:ii.l river
I mpUes Into the Delaware fttvor,and running up said ttuoco-
nctcong River to (lie head of the Qreal Bend; from theneo northeast to
the lino thai divide* the province of New Jersey; thonco nlong the dd
lino to the Delaware] . thence down the. sum- 1 ■ ttie in<>ntb

Of theHuSCOnetCODgitho placo Of beginning; rilnl tbes;ii<t Mil Hi: trimg

ho I '..nnly of Hunterdon bounds it, shnll bo tbo bound-
ary in. I anty and the county of Sussex."*

At (lie original formation of the county of Sussex,
Warren County was included in it. The latin- was

set oil" hy an act of the Legislature passeil Nov. 24,

1824, reducing Busses to ii- present limits. It was
named by Jonathan Belcher, Esq., Governor of New

Jersey, in honor of the Duke of Newcastle, whose

family Beat was in the count; of Sussex, England.
II.— civil. DIVISIONS.
The territory comprised in Sussex County, a- orig-
inally formed, was included, in nearly equal propor-
tions, in East and West Jersey. By the act of 1709,

which defined the I ndaries of the si vi ral counties

of the province, the soil of Sussex was comprehended
within the limits of Burlington. When Hunterdon
iva el 'ded into a county, in 17 Hi, this territory formed
a part of the same ; aiel in L788, whin Morris < 'uiinly

was sel off, it was included in the latter until erected
into a separate county called Sussex. While included

in Morri • t lountj . between L738 and 1758, -

like municipal organization was extended over the
Bcattered population of this northwestern porti f

the Slat.'. Townships were formed, with metes an. 1

bounds very imperfectly defined, yet answering in
some -ort the wants of the people. These townships
were Walpack, New Town, Hardwick, and Green-
wich, the original tow oships of « bal arc now Sussex
and Warren Counties. One of them Hardwick -
was erected bj royal patent. Walpack and New Town,
at the period of which we speak, comprised all the

pp. SI, ' - '.



territory constituting the present county of Sussex,

excepl -o much as is comprehended in Stillwater and

( liven, which two latter precincts, with all the p]
COUUty of Warren, were covered by Hardwick ami

Greenwich. The settlements at this time were prin-
cipally in Walpack ami Greenwich ami at certain
points on the Wallkill, Papakating, Paulinskill, and

Pequest. In 1738 the population of the whole prov-
ince of New Jersey was only forty-seven thousand
three hundred and sixty-nine, of which Sussex prob-
acy did not contribute more than five or six hundred.

N. n divisiuiis were made when the county R
off from Morris, in 1753. During the fifteen years
preceding rapid settlements had been made, and a
spirit of enterprise and progress was manifest, not
only in subduing the forest, building mills, and open-
ing roads, but in the conveniences inaugurated for
1 ical municipal regulation. The people, no i
content with the out-of-the-way privileges which they

had enjoyed under Morris County, went to WO

set in order that portion of the territory which had

been assigned to their jurisdiction. In 1758 the anx-
iety to have the bounds of the old township- defined
and new ones Bet oil' was so great that the curt had
loritatively direct "That the townships of Wal-
pack, Greenwich, Hardwick, and New Town -hall re-
main and continue in the county of Sussex a- they
formerly were in the county of Morris until further
ordqrs." In tic term of May, 1754, Benjamin Smyth,
William Scbooley, John Depue. Johannes < Sornelius
Westbrook, Joseph Hull, Richard < rardiner, and Rich-
ard I. i nly. Jr., who had hcen appointed a commit lee
to divide the county into precincts, made a report,
which v, , iiid which added three pi

to the original townships, — viz., Wantage, formed from
parts ut' Newton, ami Oxford and Mansfield-Wood-
house, from parts of Greenwich, Hardwick and Wal-
i i retaining their original limits. The townships

thus defined remained unaltered lor a few year-, when

the iiierea i population led to further divisions.

In 1759, Montague was erected from Walpack by royal

patent. In 1762 another portion was taken lr.nu
Walpack and called Sandyston. and in the same year

Hardy-ten was formed from the northern pari of New -
ton. Knowlton wasset off from Oxford in L764, In-
dependence from Hardwick in 1782, Vernon from
Hardyston in L792, Prankford from Newton in I7'.'7.

and I'.yram, also from Newton, in l7os. These divi-

1 lo



150



SUSSEX COUNTY, NEW JERSEY.



sions multiplied the four original townships to fifteen,
and there was no further alteration of the original
landmarks until the county of Warren was set off
from Sussex, in 1824. Stillwater and Green town-
ships were formed from Hardwick in 1824.

The present civil divisions of the county are fifteen,
as follows : Andover, Byram, Frankford, Green,
Hampton, Hardyston, Lafayette, Montague, Sandy-
ston, Sparta, Stillwater, Vernon, Walpack, Wantage,
borough of Newton.

III.— COUNTY COURTS OF SUSSEX.
Courts were established in this county by a royal
ordinance, of which the following is a verbatim copy :

" George the Second by the Grace of God of Great Britain, France and
Ireland King, Defender of the Faith, Ac. To all whom these present?
may in anywise concern, Seutleth Greeting: Whereas by a late Act of our
Governor, Council and Geneial Assembly of our Province of New Jersey
Made in the Twenty-sixth year of our Reign, the upper parts of our
County of Morris were separated from said County of Morris and erected
into a distinct County and called the County of Sussex ; and whereas the
several times for the holding of Court of General Sessions of the Peace
and Inferior Court of Common Pleas for our said County of Sussex are
not yet fixed, Wherefore, for Ascertaining the same, Nuw know ye that of
our special Grace and mere motion, wo have Constituted, Ordained and
Appointed, and by these presents, Do Constitute, Ordain and Appoint, that
our Courts of General Sessions of the Peace and Inferior Court of Com-
mon Pleas, for our said County of Sussex, be held on the clays and times
following, to wit: One of the times for holding said Courts to begin on
the third Tuesday in November, another on the third Tuesday in Febru-
ary, another on the fourth Tuesday in May, and the other on the fourth
Tuesday in August, in every year; Each of which Courts shall continue
and be held for any time not exceeding four days in eacli Term. Wo also
Will, Ordain and Appoint, that our several Courts for our said County of
Sussex, shall he held and kept at the Dwelling-House of Jonathan Fcttit,
Esq., at the place now called Hardwick in said County of Sussex, until there
shall be a new Court House built and erected in and for said County, pur-
suant to the Act of our Governor, Council and Gencrnl Assembly made
in the Twenty-sixth year of our Reign, and no longer; and when said
Court House for our said County of Sussex shall be built and erected, then
"We "Will, Ordain and Appoint that our said several Courts of General
Sessions of the Peace and Inferior Courtof Common Pleas shall hereafter
be held at the times hereinbefore appointed at said Court House to be
built as aforesaid in and for the County of Sussex. We also Will, Give
and Grant that the Justices of the Peace of our said County of Sussex,
and the Judges of our said Inferior Court of Common Pleas for our said
County of Sussex do exercise, use and have all such Powers and Juris-
dictions in the said several Courts at the times herein Appointed as by
Law they may and ought to exercise, use and held. In testimony
whereof we have caused the Great Seal of our said Province of New Jer-
sey to be hereunto affixed. Witness our trusty and well Beloved Jona-
than Belcher, Esq., our Captain-General and Commander-in-Chief of our
raid Province of New Jersey and Territories thereunto depending in
America, Vice-Admiral and Chancellor in tho same, Ac, at our Borough
of Elizabeth, the thirteenth day of October, in tho Twenty-seventh year
of our Reign.

" 1703.

" Rf..*d."

"Let the Great Seal of tho Province of New Jersey be affixed to the
within Communication.

■■ To the Secretary of State of New Jersey.

" J. Belcher."

This ordinance, and those of its class generally,
although issued in the name of the king, really
emanated from the Governor and council. The king
or queen, according to the English constitution, is
supposed to be the fountain of justice and general
conservator of tho peace. In the provinces this pre-
rogative was liberally delegated to the Governor and
Council, by virtue of which they granted patents es-



tablishing and altering the boundaries of townships,
constituting municipal and other corporations, estab-
lishing and regulating ferries, constituting courts of
justice, defining their powers, appointing the times
and places at which they should be held, and regu-
lating the fees of judges and officers. The judicial
system, as partially established under Lord Cornbury,
— the first of the royal Governors of New Jersey, —
gave to justices of the peace cognizance of all cases
to the amount of forty shillings. In each county
there were established Courts of General Sessions of
the Peace, each with quarterly terms, and Inferior
Courts of Common Pleas, having power to try all
actions at common law ; and these courts convened
and held their sessions at the same time and place.
The Court of General Sessions of the Peace was com-
posed of all the justices of the peace in the county,
while the Common Pleas was presided over by judges
appointed from among that number. In 1724 the
Common Pleas Court was so restricted as to except
causes wherein the right or title to lands, tenements,
or hereditaments were in any way concerned; other-
wise, it remains the same as originally established.

The first Courts of General Sessions of the Peace
and of Common Pleas for Sussex County were held
on Nov. 20, 1753, at the house of Jonathan Pettit, in
the township of Hardwick. The royal ordinance so
ordaining and appointing was read, as also the com-
missions of Jonathan Robeson, Abraham Van Cam-
pen, John Anderson, Jonathan Pettit, and Thomas
Woolverton, Esqs., judges of the Common Pleas.
These men were likewise empowered to act as justices
of the peace, in connection with Richard Gardner,
Obadiah Ayres, Japhet Byram, and Peter Decker.
Jeremiah Condy Russell was appointed clerk, and
Joseph Brackenridge was qualified to act as high
sheriff of the county. Joseph Perry, of Newton, was
sworn as constable, and the organization of the courts
was completed, with the exception of grand and petit
jurors, who necessarily had not been summoned for
lack of officers duly empowered to discharge that
duty. Nothing was done at this term except to grant
tavern licenses and affix the rates of entertainment.
Licenses were granted to Thomas Woolverton, Joseph
Carpenter, Jonathan Pettit, Joseph Bell, Abraham
Carman, Henry Hairlocker, and Casper Shafer. In
the records of the court for this year we find the fol-
lowing:

"Tho Court affixed tho several rates and prices of all liquors, moats,
and entertainment for man and beast, and the several sums to he taken for



Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 38 of 190)