James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

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enjoj a fair share of it.



Dr. Thomas Ryerson, in Ins report to the State
soc;- tv , in l.Ht.f: :-. iv:'. lheltt-tri t Midi a I v -oei t\

of Sussex County was formed in 1829 by Samuel

fowler, Samuel Mar-hall, Elias 1.' I Iniiiniediell, John
B. Beach, and Stephen Hedges, to whom were added
Francis Moran and John R. Stuart." 'Ibis is evi-
dently an error, as the following documentary proofs
clearly show. The tir-t is a notice published in the

Sussex Register, and bears date of " Newton, June 1,

L818." It is as follow-:

" U !AL HOTII I ..

"At tlio annual matting of tlie medical society of Now Jersey, which
was held ut New Branawick on H"- 12th Insi . appeared In tho society
Dra. Ituol Hampton and George Hopkins, who Ira to tukYO

organized in the county of Sussex.

"Jfoaolved, That a District Society be formed in the county of Sussox;
and that Drs. Bnel Hampton, George Hopkins, Samuel W Ml, QWi in
Leeds, .lut.iv Qw1nnup,Jobn s. Hughes, George Vl1 " r?eet,Jami ! - ! .
and Ettas L'Hommodteu be authorised to meet at Mr*. Itassott's Inn, in
Newton, on tho second Tuesday in July next, nt o'clock U a.m., for the
purposo of organizing said eodeQ

i lir.Th.


i.'- •■ Beporl c- Hi.- - ty," 1866,

" It Is sincerely hoped that not only a general and punctual attend-
ance will be given by those physicians appointed to organize tho society,
but also by all who ore residents in tho county.

" By order of the Society,

" WM. M'Ki-sv k, Stc'y."

The meeting was held and the society organized, as
appears from the following, published in the same

" At a meeting of a respectable number of physicians of tho county of
Suss.-x, held nt Newton, on tlie 14th Inst, in conformity to s resolution
of the medical society of the Slate of New Jersey, and agreeably to an
act of the Legislature "f the same, Dr. John S. Hughes was called to tho
chair and Dr. Samuel W. Veil was ih...sen secretary. It was thon unani-

" Besobcd, That it is expedient that u district medical society be
formed in and for the county of Sussex, in ttu- State of New Jersey.

" Aft.-r which a society was organized, to be known and distinguished
by tie* name of tlie ' Iii-tii. i sledii si Society "f tie- County of Sussex iii
the Stato of New Jersey.' The officers elected fur the present year wore
John S. Hughes, President: Ruol nampton, Vice-President ; SamueMV.
Foil, Corresponding Secretary; George Hopkins, Becording Secretary;
and Ellas L'Hommediou, Treasurer. A considerable business was done,
and the society adjourned to meet again on tho 3d Tuesday of October

" By ..ider of the Society,

" Gbobob II.'i'Ktss, S«'y.

"Nkwton, July 20, 1818."

The society also met in annual session in 1*19 "at
Mrs. I'.assett's hotel." April 20th, a- appear- by the
secretary's notice, dated April 5, 1S1'.», and published
in the Register. Whether this was the la-st, or whether
any subsequent sessions were held, is not known, as
the records are lost or destroyed. It evidently had
become inoperative before 1823; otherwise, we can-
not explain the following notice, published in the
county press:


"The physicians oi tl untyof Sussex are requested to meet nt

! Samuel Itorbach's Hotel, in Newton, on the 1st Tuesday in October next
[182 . it id o'clock a.m., for the purposo of choosing delegates to attend
the Stat.- Uedlcal Society, preparatory to the establishment of a District
Uedlcal Soctetj for the county of Sussex."

Whether it was reorganized we cannot say; but if
it was, it must have died out after a brief existence.
In fact, the early years of this society's existence

were marked by an indill'ereiici the part of the

profession in the county which rendered it difficult to
sustain it, and was no doubt the cause of its frequent
suspensions. After its resuscitation, in 1829, a- be-
fore state. I, for several years it had a Struggle for per-
petuity. Although it managed to hold it- sessions

regularly, it was with but feeble vitality. Hut since

1848, when the State society virtually demittcd the

licensing power to the counties, the District Medical
Societj of Sussex County has had a far more vigorous

existence. Since that time nearly all the medical

practitioners in the county bave been members of the

society, and so salutary an influence lias been exerted

upon the profession and the public by the mere mo-
mentum of tl rganization that few irregular prac-
titioners have remained in tin- county.

I'he following is the roll of membership of the so-

cict\ since lS'J'.l, obtained from the society's record-:



Aug. 22, 1S29 — *Sainuel Fowler, *Stephen Hedges, *Elias L'Hommedieu.
and *Seymour Halsey, named by the State society;;* *Johu B. Beech,
*Samuel Marshall, and *Francis Moran.

April 16, 1832.— *John B. Stuart.

April 21, 1834.— *David M. Sayre, *Thonias Roe.

April 20, 1840— *John Titsworth, *John W. Bafferty, and *Alexander

April 16, 1S44— *R S. Farrand, *Edward S. Bell.

June 13, 1S44 — Abraham H. Fetherman, Franklin Smith, Jesse B.

April 21, 1845.— fAnthony D. Morford, *J. B. Dunlap, fCharles B. Cooper,
Charles V. Moore, *Jetur B. Biggs (honorary member).

April 20, 1846.— J. Linn Allen, Thomas Byerson, *Joseph W. Beemer,
*Isaac B. Munu, *Harvey Halleck (honorary member).

April, 1S48.— Carlos Allen.

April 16, 1849.— John Miller.

April 18, 1853— *William H. Linn.

June 5, 1854.— *Isaac S. Hunt, -fThomas A. Drown.

June 3, 1856.— *John N. Dee, j-Henry Hulshizer, Levi D. Miller.

June 1, 1858.— f James S. B. Bibble, t William I. Eoe.

June 7, 1859.— *Manning F. Cross, *Elijah W. Maines.

June 2, 1863.— Jonathan Havens, Joseph Hedges, *J. W. Young.

June 7, 1864. — Eugene Schumo, Theophilus H. Audress.

June 20, 1865.— fRobert G. Maines, {Charles R. Nelden.

Juue 19, 1866. — Peter N. Jacobus (on certificate from Warren County
Medical Society), *J. Bedel Boss, fA. P. Farries.

June IS, 1867.— -fDavid L. Duncan, fj. D. Mattison, fMortinier Lamp-
son, *Lewis Westfall.

Oct. 29, 1867.— tWilliam M. Hartpence.

Nov. 10, 1868.— F. M. Cauuon.

June S, 1869. — tFrederick Eorbach, John Moore, *John Titsworth (hon-
orary member).

June 14, 1870.— C. K. Davison, fJarues H. Struble, fS. H. Moore, Joseph
P. Couse.

June 13, 1871.— *H. N. Crane, *Jacob Whitaker, fE. J. Westfall.

June 11, 1872.— Jacksou B. Pellet, Joseph F. McCloughran.

Dec. 3, 1872— fJ. W. Collins.

June 10, 1873.— Martin Cole, Jr.

Juue 8, 1875.— Ephraim Morrison, -fHugh McD. Struble, |D. T. Condit.

June 13, 1876.— fHenry T. Elliott, *Thonias Roe (honorary member).

Oct. — , 1876.— John C. Strader.

June — , 1877.— J. Cole Price.

June 11, 1878. — Benjamin W. Ferguson.

Oct. 8, 1878.— J. H. Morrison.

June 10, 1879.— Emerson B. Potter, Clarence F. Cochran, fO. P. Huston.

June 8, 1880— fHenry C. Fithian, Edgar Potts.

The principal officers of the society, from the date
of its earliest records to the present time, have been
as follows :

1S29-32, Samuel Fowler ; 1833-34, Elias L'Hommedieu ; 1835, Samuel Mar-
shall ; 1836, Stephen Hedges ; 1837, John B. Beach ; 1838, Francis
Moran; 1839, David M. Sayre; 1840, Stephen Hedges; 1841-42,
Thomas Roe ; 1843, John B. Beach ; 1844, Francis Morau ; 1845, Alex-
ander Linn; 1846-47, John Titsworth; 1848, J. Linn Allen; 1849,
John R. Stuart; 1850, Jesse It. Burgess; 1851, Charles V. Moore;
1852, Franklin Smith; 1853, Thomas Ryerson ; 1854, John Miller;
1855, Isaac S. Hunt; 1856, William H. Linn; 1857, Thomas Roe;
1868, Levi D. Miller; 1859, Henry Hulshizer ; 1860, James S. B. Bib-
ble ; 1861, Elijah W. Maines ; 1862, David M. Sayre ; 1863, Alexander
Linn ; 1864, Jonathan Havens; 1865, John Titsworth ; 1866, Theophi-
lus H. Andross ; 1867, Peter N. Jacobus ; 1868, Lewis Westfall ; 1869,
Levi D. Miller; 1870, Mortimer Lampson ; 1871, John Moore; 1872,
C. K. Davison; 1873, Jos. P. Couse; 1874, Thomas Ryerson; 1875,
T. H. Andress; 1876, P. N. Jacobus; 1877, Martin Cole, Jr.; 1878,
Ephiaim Morrison; 1879, Hugh McD. Struble; 1880, Carlos Allen.

1829-32, John B. Roach ; 1833-44, John R. Stuart; 1845-66, Anthony D.
Morford ; 1856-64, Thomas Ryerson ; 1865-60, Eugene Schumo ; 1807-
68, David L. Duncan; 1869-75, Jonathan Havens; 1876-80, Levi D,

* Deceased. f Removed from cc

X Withdrawn from the society.

js David Hunt was ulso named, but Ills name is not t


At the late annual meeting, held June 8, 1880, Dr.
Martin Cole, Jr., was appointed state reporter; Drs.
Ferguson, C. V. Moore, and Jacobus, county reporters ;
Drs. J. Miller and C. K. Davison, delegates to the
American Medical Association ; Drs. E. Morrison. L.
D. Miller, T. H. Andress, J. H. Morrison, and H. O.
Fithian, delegates to the State Medical Society ; Drs.
C. V. Moore and J. Miller, delegates to the Warren
County Medical Society ; Drs. T. H. Andress and C.
F. Cochran, delegates to the Morris County Medical
Society ; and Dr. T. H. Andress, essayist.

The following reminiscences and personal sketches
of Sussex County physicians are gathered from various
sources, but we would here acknowledge our indebted-
ness to Dr. Jonathan Havens, of Newton, for much
valuable information. That gentleman has for many
years acted as the historian of the profession in Sussex
County, during which time he has been indefatigable
in his efforts to rescue from oblivion the incidents
connected with the lives and practice of the medical
men of his district during the generations that are

Samuel Kennedy was one of the earliest, if not
the first physician, to practice in Sussex County. But
little is known of his history. He was located early
at "Log Jail" (Johnsonsburg), and died, at an ad-
vanced age, in 1804. Drs. Andrew Linn, Elijah Ever-
itt, and others read medicine with him. He practiced
for many years, and married, for his second wife, a
Miss Shafer. Dr. Kennedy's farm was in Hardwick,
near Johnsonsburg, and his residence, a stone house,
is still, or was very recently, standing. George Arm-
strong was his executor. Dr. Kennedy belonged in
that part of Sussex which has since become the county
of Warren. Tj

Beeret Havens was one of the pioneer doctors in
the present Sussex. He was the son of Jonathan
Havens, M.D., and was a native of Sag Harbor, L.I.
Born in 1762, about the age of twenty he emigrated
to Sussex Co., N. J., crossing the country on horse-
back, and settling at Deckertown about the year 1782.
It is not known where or with whom he pursued his
medical studies, but he commenced practice very early,
acquired a good reputation, and had an extensive
practice. He was undoubtedly the first medical rjrac-
titioner in Northern Sussex, and was possibly the
earliest in what is the present county. He married,
in the Clove, a daughter of William Titsworth and a
sister of Dr. John Titsworth, of Wantage. He had
only two children, — James C, and Jane T., who be-
came the wife of Dr. Samuel Marshall, of Newton, —
both deceased. Dr. Jonathan Havens, of Newton, is
a grandson of Dr. Berret. He acquired by industry
and economy quite a competence, and his homestead
place, about two miles from Deckertown, towards

K See chapter on "Medical Profession of Warren County," for further

Joseph FoWLER, from whom Dr. Samuel Fowler is descended,
was of English ancestry. lie is mentioned as one of the first
settlors near Mispat Kills, L. I., as early as 1665.

John Fowler, the father of Samuel, and sixth in descent from
Joseph, resided at New burg, X. V. lie married his cousin,
Qloriano Fowler, tho daughter of his uncle, Samuel Fowler.

Dr. Samuel Fowler, the subject of this sketch, was born Oct.
30, 1779, at the family homestead, Ncwhurg, X. V. He rc-
coivod a thorough academic education at the Montgomery
Academy, and his medical education under the instruction of
Dr. David Fowler, of Xewhurg, X. Y.. and attended tho lec-
tures of the Pennsylvania Medical College, at Philadelphia, Pa,
After completing his medical studies ho removed to Hamburg,
N. J., and was licensed to practice medicine in that State, being
at that time a little over twenty-ono years old. In 1808 ho
married Ann Ilreckcnridgo Thomson, the daughter of Col. Mark
Thomson, of Changcwater, X. J., who was a member of Con-
gress from this Stats daring tho administration of Washington.
Aftor pursuing the practice of his professional Hamburg, N . -1 .,
for a few years he removed to Franklin, X. J., where his first

wife died, leaving Iiild, a daughter, the wife of the late

Hon. Moses liigelow, of Xcwark, X. J. In 1810 he married

his second wife, Rebecca W 1 Platl Ogden, daughter of Robert

Ogden, Esq., formerly of Eliwibethtown, X..I.. bnl at this time

of Sparta, X. ,1., where he re red in 1786, l'l hildren of

this marriage were Mary Bstollc, Henry Ogden, !

John, Rebecca Ogden. and I'lariuda. II.- died Feb. 20, 1844,81

Franklin, nged sixty-fire.
An interesting account of tho estimation in which Dr. Powler

was held as a physioinn is givon bj Or. Tl las Ryorson in

his report at tho oentennial meetingofthe Now Jersey Medical

Society, held a! New Itrunsw iek. N. J., in 1866. In |

of tho early pbysioians of Sussex County, Dr.

"The leading mind waa Dr. Fowler j bo came into tho oonntj

a few years prior to its division, and soon i i]>elled all physi-
cians to take license or retire. Into hi- haul
the consultation business, ami his opinion may therefore bo
taken as a fair indication of tin- Boiontific status of the profoi
sion at that time."

The District Medical Society for tho county of Sussex was
formed in 1S29 by Dr. Fowler and others, lie was for many
years owner of the iron-works at Franklin Furnace, X. J.,
which in their various branches he conducted, while at tho
same time he attended to the arduous duties of his profession,
hie medical practice extending all over tho northern counties
of this State and into the neighboring counties of Pennsylvania
and X T ew York. lie also found timo to take an active part in
national and Slnte politics, representing his county in the New
Jersey Senate, and afterwards his State in the Twenty-fourth
and Twenty-fifth Congresses, during the administrati f An-
drew Jackson, of whom he was a warm supporter and one of
his earliest friends in New Jersey. As a mineralogist and geol-
ogist he is estimated by mon of science as among the first in
the country. He was a member of the leading scientific socie-
ties of his day, both in this country and in Europe. The rare
mineral " fowlorite," first discovered hy him, was named in
his honor by his brother-mineralogists. Ho is supposed to
have given the name of " frnnklinite" to the valuable ore of
iron known by 'hat name. He made it known to mineralogists
over the l nited States ami Europe, and awakened an interest
in it which has since resulted in its successful development and
manufacture. The extensive rino mine- of Sussex, affording
the only rod oxide of line known in the world, were onco
owned bj him, though disposed of before his death. He made
several efforts to have them worked, offering liberal induce-
ment", but tin- untried nature of tho oro and the difficulties of
obtaining oompotenl operatives oansed a failnre of hi- plan-,
without lossening in his mind tbo value of the ore and tho
ultimate sueoess that would be likely to attend future attempts
to work it.

In all his habits Or. Fowler was strictly temperate and ex-
emplary, an early risor and of untiring industry, and endeav-
ored to dovote all his leisure-m ents to the attainment of

useful knowledge. His remains an interred in (he valley ol
llardvstoti, which near half a oentory before his death he
■ought, a youthful stranger, with no fortune hut that which he
carried in hi- "«n brave heart and will I.. us,. «ith indu-try
the talents whioh Provldenoe had givcu him.



Beemerville, embraced al».iit one hundred and forty
[ores al the time of hia death. Among many other
|i qui be, he made a liberal one to the < Hove I Ihurch.
II,. died suddenly, of apoplexy. Hi- wife's demise
occurred previously. He was one of the pioi r phy-
sicians of Northwestern Jersey, a man of considerable
Reputation and influence in his day. popular, and
esteemed. He was of Irish descent, and had a habit
Musing the term "'"'1 zounds!" which caused the
lame to be applied to him as a sobriquet. Me was a
libera] contributor to and an attendant of the Clove
Presbyterian Church, in the cemetery of which he
wae buried. The following is the inscription upon his

"Doct. Bi.iotr.T Havens.
Died Dec. 23, 1846,
In bla sard year.

Here Ik with the (

Wife and Daughter,

The remalna "f a man or worth.

He waa born at Sag Harbor,

and aettlod In Wantage,

« bere he lived a Ilfo of

Imlustry and integrity;

iiml at lii- death,

leita libera] bequest

to the Clovo Church."

Andrew Linn was born in Hardwick township,
Busses Co., in 17 - >">. His parents were Joseph and
Martha | Kirkpatrick) Linn, originally from Hunter-
don County. He practiced first in Hardyston, but
d to Newton and practiced until his death, in
April, 1799, aged forty-four. He was buried in the
old cemetery.

Ciiaiu.es M<'('akii:r. — It is asserted that Dr.
Charles MeCarter was an army surgeon from Sussex
in 177(5*

Elijah Eveeitt, son of Samuel Everitl and (Taney
Thatcher, was born between 1770 and 1780, in Sling-
wood town-hip, Hunterdon Co. His preparatory ed-
ucation was under the supervision of Rev. Dr. .John

Eanna, of Kingw I. He studied medicine with Dr.

Samuel Kennedy. He had no license. Hewasmar-
t'K 1 in January 1800 alurwhi h time he practi sd
medieine at ( ireensville, where he had an extensive
practice, covering an area often square miles. He
died Jan. 11, 1850, at the house of William Mattison
(son-in-law), of Sparta, whither he had gone on a

visit, and was buried at the Yellow Frame. Between

L816 and 1818 he had in copartnership a Dr. Chad-
wick, who came to Greensville & Bottle Hill, or

Madison, and who, about two years later, died there

of typhus fever Elijah E ; vsritt was appointed juste:
in lxi i by joint meeting of the Legislature. He

was the lather of Samuel A. F\eritt, of liranehvillc.

John B. Beach, son of Isaac and Mary Bigelon
Beach, was bom at Troy, Morris Co., N. J., April 5,
ITS.'), lie studied medicine with the late Dr. Lewis
Condict, of Morristown, and commenced practice in
[811 : in 1 rankt nl townshi] tin- county, continuing

• Or. Stephen Wlckes.

there in the active labor of his profession until the
day of his death, which occurred at Branchville, June
19, 1861. From April. 1846, to April, L849, Dr. J. L.
Allen was his partner. He joined the District Med-
ical Society in 1829. He married, in 1811, Elizabeth
C, daughter of James Haggerty, Esq.; she died Nov.
23, 1828, and he married, in 1825, Eveline, daughter
of Judge Thomas M. Armstrong, of Prankford, who

lived until Feb. lo. 1849. He left two -on- and five

daughters. ''As a physician he was efficient, faith-
ful, and sympathizing. He ministered as willingly
unto the poor as the rich. As a gentleman and
scholar his dignified and courteous intercourse with
his fellow-citizens endeared him to all. Dr. Beach

was endowed with that order of intellect wliieh would

have qualified him to discharge honorably the duties
of the most exalted station, but he was retiring, do-
mestic, and unambitious." While he waa a public-
spirited man. the allurements of public life had few
charms for him.
Samuel Swezy Seward, father of the late

eminent statesman William II. Seward, probably

practiced medieine in t liir- county. He "as the
eighth child of Col. John Seward, of Hardyston,
who commanded the Second Susses Regiment of

Volunteers during the war of the Revolution. Col.
John Seward was a son of Obadiah Seward, who

came from Wales and -ettled on Lamington River, in
Somerset County, where his son John was born May
22, 1780, and married Mary Swe/.y. March 22, 1751.
Col. John Seward and his family settled in Hardys-
ton prior to 17n7, in which year his name first ap-
pears as a member of the board of freeholders from

Hardyston township.

Dr. Samuel S. Seward was born in Hardyston.
Sussex Co., Dec. 5, 1768, married Mary Jennings, of
Goshi n. N. Y.. and after living for a time in Vernon
removed thence to Florida. Orange Co., in 1795,
where he pursued the practice of medieine during

his life. The village of Florida, Orange Co., is just

Over the Sussex boundary, and distant live miles from

Goshen, on the Pine Island branch of the Erie Kail-
way. It contains the Samuel S. Seward Institute, an

academy named in honor of its founder. Dr. Samuel
Swezj Seward. In the heart of this village, fronting
on the main street, is a little low one-story, gable-
roofed wooden building, -till Btanding, in which

William II. Seward was born.

Dr. Samuel S. Seward, besides his practice a- a

physician, was a member of the Legislature of New-
York in 1804, and in 1815 count] judge of Orange
County. He was subsequently lir-t judge, and be-
came distinguished for hia wealth and liberality. La
1846 he established the institute which bears his
name, donating the grounds, erecting appropriate
buildings, ami endowing the school with the Bum of

twenty thousand dollars.

Dr. Seward died in 1849, leaving an estate Of about
three hundred and fifty thousand dollar- and making



his son William H., and his friend Maj. Grier, of
Goshen, his executors. The will was proved in Sus-
sex County, as well as in Orange, and is on record in
the -office of the surrogate of the former, at Newton.
Matters connected with the estate brought William
H. Seward to Newton several times after his father's
death, and there he formed a pleasant acquaintance
with the late B. B. Edsall, Esq., of the Sussex Register.

Robert W. Cooke, a father in medicine, and a light
of the profession, who died, "full of years and full of
honors," Dec. 27, 1867, was a native of Sussex County.
He was the son of Dr. Ambrose Ellis Cooke, and was
born at Newton, Jan. 21, 1797. He pursued the study
of medicine, preliminary to entering the College of
Physicians and Surgeons of New York, with his father
and Dr. Valentine Mott. Shortly after receiving his
license as a practitioner of medicine he removed to
Holmdel, Monmouth Co. (1820), where he continued
in active practice till stricken with the sickness that
preceded his death. His disease was peritonitis from
ileo-csecal obstruction. He was buried at the "Brick
church" near Marlborough. A fine tribute to Dr.
Cooke's memory, by the late Dr. Alfred B. Dayton,
may be found in the annual transactions of the Med-
ical Society of New Jersey for 1868.

Stephen Hedges, son of Joseph Hedges and
Elizabeth Woodhull, was born at Chester, Morris
Co., Feb. 15, 1798. After a good scholastic education
in the best schools of those days, he commenced the
study of medicine with Dr. Lewis Condict, of Morris-
town, and continued for a short time with Dr. George
Hopkins, of Newton. He attended lectures at the
College of Physicians and Surgeons of New York,
and received a diploma from that institution in April,

Dr. Hedges was examined by the censors of " The
District Medical Society for the County of Morris in
the State of New Jersey" at Morristown, July 15,
1819, and was licensed to practice at that time. A
letter of commendation signed by the board of cen-
sors by whom he was examined says, —

" His examination was not merely satisfactory, it was interesting and
gratifying to the society in a very unusual degree. His medical read-
ing appeared to have been extensive and discriminating; but what gave
us uncommon pleasure were his judicious answers to an unusually wide
range of practical questions, into which his intelligence led the members
of the society. In one word, we do but express the unanimous senti-
ment of the society in saying he was one of the most accomplished can-
didates that has ever come before us."

The above was signed by William A. Whelpley,
Lewis Condict, and John B. Johnes, then the board
of censors at Morristown.

After the death of Dr. Hopkins, at Newton, in 1819,
he succeeded to his practice, occupying the same

* It is supposed that he was the first graduate in medicine over Bottled
in Sussex. Dr. Fowler attended lectures, but it is not shown that he

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 52 of 190)