James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

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the praetiee of his profession in 1848, at Papakating,
in Frankford township. He went to Lafayette the
following year, where he remained five years. In
[849 lie removed to Hamburg, and practiced there
until L856, when he changed his location to Newton,
which has since been his residence. He married
Mary, a daughter of Benjamin Northrup, of Andover,

but a native of Zauesvillc, I Ihio. He is the oldest

Hying member of the District Medical Society of Sus-

sex ( 'outity.

Simeon Rosenkranb, formerly of Walpack, died
ai Cochecton, Steuben Co., N. Y., Aug. 24, 1841. He
was horn March 6, 1775; was in Busses Count} but

a short time.

II. Srm-> Wniililtflf was horn in 171)1. lie prac-
ticed at Lafayette, Sussex Co., and died in 1844. Re
had lour sons, one of whom Lore his na was a phy-

aician, and apparently sue. ceded him at Lafayette,
according to the following newspaper announcement:

•• Or. II. s, W Irufl would . .tl.-i l.i- -hi.. - to Uie i pie ol Lafayette

nn.l in vlrlnii> in i iw ol »li know, and .ill othel Uli wb.li n OoJb maj In-
hail in tht« mortal lit". Bin prowiiptlons will bo either (faihlonably)
trUi, madicuue, or pliyilologti allj (wlttioul them), M the /Wtt ol Ihe pa-
ll mi v be. Be would prefoi the latter, and promisee .|ulteae Rood

euccoM, If til" directions are attended to in .'11 caaee) Apply to youra


» II. s. W.
■' tinlim, Aiik-. 7,18*7."

lie BOOH after located at MarksborO,' hut died, quite
suddenly. March J'.l, 1858.

Jesse B. Bi rgess was a graduate of the Univer-
sity of Pennsylvania. He was examined and licensed
June 1". 1844, and commenced practice at Greens-
ville, Sussex Co. lie re Ved to Lafayette ill ,Ian-

uarv, IXIIi, and labored there over ten years. He had

sales of land, etc., in December, 1866, and a final sale

Feb. 20, 18 ">7. lie was succeeded at ( ircciw. ille by

Dr. Coolcy, who came from New York, and waa

"physician, surgeon, and dentist." In 1848, Dr, I'.ur-

gess married Huldah L. Dodder, of Frelinghuysen,
Warren Co.

.1 \ m E6 Hail was located and practicing at Decker-
town in 1819,— possibly earlier.

Joseph 13. Din i.A I' located in Newton, April, 1st-".,
and during the- same month became a member of the
County Medical Society. He also practiced in Still-
water, and had previou-ly (1842) married Lydia J.,
the only daughter of John St ruder, Esq., of Still-
water. In 1847 he had his office at his father-in-law's
residence. He removed from the county.

J.iiin II. Armstrong, hom Oct. 31, 1828, at Papa-
kating, N. .1., was the son of Capt. Thomas M. and
Anna (Sausman) Armstrong, both natives of St
County. He entered the University of New York in

1854, graduating therefrom, and receiving tw rtili-

caies. the -eeond being tor special honors ; attended
lectures in 1859; studied medicine with Dr. Smith, of
Williamsburg, L. L, and practiced two years in Stan-
hope, N. J., where he died, Sept. 17, 1862.

.Imi \ Wkstiwook Wilson, a native of Dingman's
Ferry, Pa, I 1829), studied with Dr. Lines, graduating

from College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1851. He
commenced practicing at Hawley, Wayne Co., Pa.,

then at Flatbrookvillc, Sussex Co., N. J., but after-
wards returned to Dingman's Ferry, where he died,
at his father's house. June 29, 1859, of consumption.

lie was buried in the old Wcstbrook burial-ground,
abOUl tWO miles below Dingman's.

Theodobe A. Linn, son of Robert A. and Eliza-
beth Linn, was born at Hamburg. Oct. l'o. |.s:;u. He
began the study of medicine with I>r. Joseph S.
licemer, of Hamburg, in 1847, and further pursued
the same under Dr. Alexander Linn. He was grad-
uated at Jefferson Medical College in 1850, but soon
after was attacked by rheumatism, from which he

never recovered, and which caused his death. Sept. 5,
[852. He was buried in the family grounds at his
nati\ c place.

Horatio N. Cram: was a native of this county,
bom in Wantage, June 8, L848. Quite early he de-
veloped a Strong inclination for tin- study of medi-
cine; in 1867 commenced study with Dr. M. Lamp-on.
of Beemerville; in 1868 entered the Michigan State
University, Ann Arbor. Graduating in 1870, he be-
came a student in the College of Physicians and Sur-

g, s. New York City, and was graduated there in

|s;|. He then formed a partnership with Dr. Hedges
al I'.rant hville. but alter a year Opened an office for
himself. He practiced for another year, but was then
Compelled tO desisl by his malady, consumption ; and,
although he SOUghl health by change of climate, be
returned from a trip to the West only to die at his
parents' boinc. in March, 1 S7">. A most promising
and useful career was thus prematurely .lit short,


DE. I'i i iickm \\" was located at Flatbrookvillc in
1844. and at Stanhope in 1845.



C. V. Moore was at Stillwater in 1848, in which
year he joined his fortune with those of Louisa,
daughter of Isaac Goursen, of that place, where he is
now residing and practicing.

Joseph Hedges, son of Stephen Hedges, was lo-
cated at Sparta, where he was a partner of Dr. Sayre ;
in 1850 he removed to Western New York. He sub-
sequently returned to Coleville, but soon after mi-
grated to Brauchville, where he is now in practice.
He married Angeline Shiner, of Newton.

J. W. Eaffeety advertised himself as " a grad-
uate of the College of Physicians and Surgeons, Edin-
burgh, Scotland, and a member of the medical so-
cieties of New York State and Orange County." He
was located for some time in the last-named county,
and in 1838 was in Coursenville. He was the origi-
nator of several patent nostrums, out of which he made
some money, but did not enjoy a very high reputation
with the regular practitioners here. He subsequently
removed to Carbondale, Pa., where he died.

John Linn Allen, a grandson of Judge John
Linn, on his mother's side, was licensed in April,
1845 ; became a member of the District Medical So-
ciety in 1846. Beemerville was his first professional
location, from whence he removed to Branchville in
the spring of 1846. His office was at Roberts' hotel.
At the same time he formed a copartnership with Dr.
Beach. Dr. Allen married Charlotte, daughter of
Judge John Bell, of Branchville, June 27, 1850. He
is now practicing at the village of Lafayette, this

J. H. Thompson located at Vernon, JulyT2, 1844.
His office at that time was at Vandergriff 's hotel.

Thomas A. Drown was practicing at Lafayette,
Dec. 2, 1852 ; he located at Deckertown, but subse-
quently left the county. He was a member of the
District Medical Society of Sussex County from June
5, 1854, to June 3, 1863.

Richard S. Farrand was at Lafayette in April,
1844. Four years previously he " took for better,
for worse," Harriet, eldest daughter of Maj. William
Stevens, of Newark, N. J.

Anthony D. Morford, son of Samuel D. Mor-
ford, had an office in Newton, Aug. 14, 1845, and
practiced there until he removed to Nyack, N. Y. ; he
is not now practicing. His consort was Margaret A.,
daughter of David Ryerson, Esq. ; they were joined
in wedlock in 1846.

J. Watson Young was born Jan. 1, 1840 ; grad-
uated at the University of Pennsylvania, Medical
Department, March 9, 1862 ; died Feb. 14, 1864. He
was :i son of Nelson V. Young, of West Amwcll,
Hunterdon Co.; read with Dr. Wetherill, of Lam-
bertville, and practiced medicine at Montague, in this
county. He died there, but was buried at Mount
Airy, Hunterdon Co., N. J. He left a widow and
one son, who bears his name. He was a member of
the District Medical Society of Sussex County, join-
ing in 1863.

Manning F. Cross commenced practice at Swarts-
wood, in Stillwater, in 1855. He located at Lafayette,
this county, April 22, 1859, and died of consumption,
Jan. 29, 1860, aged thirty-two. He had only fairly
entered upon his professional career, but was greatly
esteemed by all for his amiable disposition and his
uprightness in his intercourse with his fellow-citizens.




Preceding the Sussex Register there had been one
newspaper venture in Sussex County. The Farmers'
Journal and Newton Advertiser had begun and closed
its brief existence before the beginning of the present
century. Its first number was issued on the 8th of
January, 1796, by Elliott Hopkins and William Hus-
ton, and its publication was continued about three

The Sussex Register was first published by Judge
Hall on Tuesday, July 6, 1813, in a building in the
rear of the court house. The size was eighteen by
twenty-two inches, and printed on coarse paper, with-
out column-rules, the type used being small pica and
English, three and six sizes larger than that with
which the paper is now printed. The proprietor and
one journeyman were able to set the paper up in a day,
and while the judge distributed the paper the jour-
neyman loafed around. In addition to his editorial
duties Judge Hall advertised that he would receive
subscriptions for books and had for sale legal blanks
and writing-paper. The price of the paper was two
dollars per annum, half yearly in advance, the first
dollar being payable at the end of the first quarter, at
which time the editor informed those who had not
already paid him that one dollar was due and " very


Editorials were rare in those days, and in fact there
was not much room, as half the paper was filled with
advertisements set in large type, like the reading-
matter, which was made up very largely of accounts
of the movements of our troops and those of England,
with whom we were then at war. Most of the adver-
tisements were legal, though a column and a half were
used by business men. Henry Johnson, of New York,
advertised dry-goods, Henry N. Miller, of Newton, a
country store, while the others were James Spcnce,
of Newton, watch- and clock-maker ; Belvidere saw-
mill, by Kinney, Ware & Watcrfield ; cloth-mill at
Hackettstown, by Christopher Little; fulling and
drying at Moden, by Moses Northrup, and in Frank-
ford, by John Canfield.

The paper was first published on Tuesday, but on
the 20th of September the day was changed to Mon-
day, " better to suit the arrangement of the mails,"



ami for this ami cither reasons from time to time the
publication-day has been aet back one day, until
one "I' the six working-days has been in use.

The paper has been enlarged -everal times sinee it-
tir-t publication, and changes have been made in its
raphical appearance. July 13, 1818, column-
r 1 1 1 • - were introduced, and tin- paper was practically
enlarged in 1821 ami again in 1822 b\ the use of
smaller type. The file from 1828 to 1830 is missing,
hut during that time the paper was enlarged to twentj -
two by thirty-eight inches. In 1843 the size was in-
creased in twenty-three by thirty-eight inches, June
J'.'. 1846, to twenty by forty, ami in April, Isiix, to
twenty-nine by forty-three inches, its present size.

I be country was not rich with farmers during the
lir-t years of the Register's existence, nor was the
paper crowded with paying advertisements. At the
close of the eighth volume, in 1821, the judge said he
lenl done business with upwards of twelve hundred
of every kind, but, on the whole, was thankful
that he had been able to keep his head above water so

In May, 1827, ''in order to keep his head above

water," he entered into a copartnership with William

II. Johnson, and opened a store at Lewisburg, near

Deckertown, and continued there until May, 1830,

when they moved to Newton, into the old academy

building, opposite the Episcopal church, on Main

where the /iV,/,\7,v was also printed until 1.S30.

id attention to business the paper then began

to prosper, until the judge, before he severed his con-

' with it, in 1 865, saw it reach its highest point

of success.

The plaee of publication has been moved several
times. It was first published in the rear of the court-
house until 1818, when ii was moved into a building
on the site of the Methodist Episcopal church. From
I sun to |s::ti ii was printed in the old academj build-
ing, opposite the Episcopal church, on Main Street,
and then found more permanent quarters in a build-
ing on the corner of Main and Division Streets, where
it remained for an unbroken period of thirty-one

years. It was then removed into the old McCarter

store-house, opposite Park Place, on High Street,
where it remained until April, 1869, sil which time

it has been located on Spring Street.

The Register was wholly independent in politics
during the first twenty-two years of it- existence, the
only political article- published being in the form of
communications, for which the column- of the paper
were open to both political parties, and during the
campaign the ticket- of both panic- were advertised.
Very soon after the entrance of Mr. Edsall into the

Office anti-Democratic short paragraph- began t" ap-
pear, becoming more frequent, strong, and leu

until, in l.s.-tii, the name of William Henry Harrison
for President was placed at the head of the editorial
page, since which time the principles of the paper
have remained unchanged.

Very few local items found their way into the paper
during it- i arlier days, but on Feb. 5, 1804, — the sec-
ond issue by B. B. Edsall & Co.,— a "local column"

w:ls introduced, and since March 10, 1870, local mat-
ter- have been given a page by themselves.

The proprietorship of the paper has changed but
seldom, considering the length of time that it has
been published. John II. Hall, who began ins pub-
lication, was editor and sole proprietor for nearly
twenty years. From April 7, 1834, to March 2G, 1836.
John IT. Hall and Henry P. Moore were the publish-
er-, under the name and firm of Hall <v Moore, and
this copartnership expired by limitation at the end of
two years.

A new era began in August, 1833, when Benjamin
B. Edsall — the man who made a reputation for the
paper and himself — came into the office, he having
been introduced to Judge Hall by I '. S. Il.ndric, a
brother-printer, who, hearing that the judge needed
a good workman, took the trouble to drive over from
his home in Goshen, bringing Mr. Edsall with him.
New life was infused into the paper, and its typogra-
phical appearance improved at once. But Mr. Hall
soon learned to leave the editorial labor to Mr. Ed-
sall, devoting himself to the outside business, can-
vassing lor subscribers, and making collections, while
Mr. Edsall devoted himself to the in-door work,
writing sharply, clipping adroitly, working at the
case, press, or at whatever hi- hands could find to do.

July 5, 185li, Mr. Hall admitted Mr. Edsall into
partnership, and the paper was published in the name
of Hall & Edsall until Jan. 22, 1864, when Mr. Hall
announced that he had disposed of his interest to his
son-in-law, Richard B. Westbroob ; but the old vet-
eran, though seventy-four years of age, was unwilling
to acknowledge that he had thrown off the harness
entirely, and announced, " I shall still continue to
exercise such oversight as my health will permit and
the proprietors may desire.'' Smaller type was intro-
duced by the m-w tirm, and a power-press purchased.*
It was during the existence of this copartnership that
the Register reached its highest success, it being the
only country paper in the State that paid the United
States goverment a tax on its advertising, and it was
during this time,— Dee. 4, 1865,— that Judge Hall

Mr. Edsall remained as editor until his death, and
though, Nov. pi, lXiiii, Joseph C'oiilt purchased Mr.
Westbrook's interest, the firm-name remained un-

Mr. Edsall di.d March 27, 1868, from which time

until the paper came into its present hands Mr. Coull
was the editor, maintaining its former reputation,
and, it' possible, keeping up a still more vigorous and

pointed onslaught upon the Democracy.
July 10, L868, Mr-. Edsall sold her interest to A. E.

I ...oilman, of New York City, the name of the tirm

- i. in. ......I it. u-c mail Itio fall of 1S80, when a null more

modem one, with steam-power, was introduced.



becoming then Coult & Goodman. Mr. Goodman,
however, visited Newton but once, and then when he
came to examine the office before purchasing. He
bought an interest in the paper as an investment, and
retained it until Oct. 1, 1869, when its control was
placed in the hands of his nephew, Eichard F. Good-
man, who is now editor and publisher.


The Hall family, of which Judge John H. Hall
was a representative, is of English extraction. Theo-
dore Hall, his grandfather, was born in England, and
emigrated at an early age, with his brother Jacob, to
the United States, but whether with or without his
parents is unknown. The brothers settled in the
neighborhood of Philadelphia, where Theodore be-
came acquainted with Gertrude Gordon, born in the
year 1710, near the Earitan Eiver, Middlesex Co.,
N. J., whom he married in 1729. At this date he
was conducting a milling business where he first
located. Subsequently himself and wife settled in
Kingwood township, Hunterdon Co., N. J., near the
east bank of the Delaware Eiver, where Ml - . Hall
still pursued the business of milling. He was finally
drowned by the upsetting of his canoe, caused by the
swollen waters of a freshet when crossing the river.

The children of Theodore and Gertrude Hall were
Joseph, born in 1730, who removed at an early age to
Western Virginia; Isaac, who died without issue
when a young man; Samuel, who married Ehuhamah
Everitt and settled in Kingwood township, Hunter-
don Co., where he reared a large family and lived to
an advanced age; Jacob, who married Elizabeth
Davis, settled in the same township, and also raised a
large family ; Jesse, father of Judge Hall ; Susan,
who married Ambrose Fox and removed with him
to Western Virginia; Eebecca, who married Quill
Eichards and located near Eeading, Pa. ; Mary, who
married John Lake, for many years a resident of
Kingwood township; and Gertrude, who married
Luther Opdyke, also of Kingwood township. Mrs.
Theodore Hall died in the year 1805, aged about
ninety-five years.

Jesse Hall, fifth and youngest son of Theodore and
Gertrude (Gordon) Hall, grew to manhood in King-
wood township, Hunterdon Co., where his parents
settled about 1757. At this time Jesse was seven
years of age. He passed his life in that township,
engaged in agricultural pursuits, and at his death was
buried in a private burial-ground owned by Jacob
McLean, near the banks of the Delaware Eiver,
where many of his relatives are interred. His wife,
whom he married in December, 1779, was Elizabeth,
second daughter of William Heath, an early resident
of Amwell township, Hunterdon Co., who died while
serving as a soldier in the Eevolutionary war. Of
this union were born Gordon G. Hall, Aug. 12, 1780,
who married Elizabeth Temple, of Kingwood town-
ship, and who died in New York City, April 27, 1848,

leaving several children ; Andrew Hall, Dec. 29,
1781, who married Amelia Palmer, of Vermont, was
a prominent hatter in New York City for many years,
and died May 10, 1832; Jesse Hall, Oct. 20, 1783,
noted for his pre-eminent personal beauty, and who
removed to the South at an early age; Sarah Hall,
March 20, 1785, who married Edward Lane, and who
resided until her death at Burlington, N. J. ; Heath
Hall, Nov. 17, 1788, who married Mrs. Catharine
(Nicholas) Tuicks, of Easton, Pa., raised a family,
and died in 1854, in New York City ; John H. Hall,
the subject of this memoir ; Susan Hall, Aug. 28,
1793, who married Hannen Jones in 1818 ; and Asa
Hall, June 30, 1795, who married, in 1818, Catharine
Sausman, of Newton, N. J., was a leading hat-manu-
facturer in New York City for many years, and who
died on May 23, 1849.

Judge John H. Hall was born in Kingwood town-
ship, Hunterdon Co., N. J., April 25, 1791. At the
age of seventeen he left home to learn the art of print-
ing, and was apprenticed to Asher Miner, the founder
of the Bucks County Intelligencer, Doylestown, Pa.
From the examples and counsels of that excellent
man he derived those lessons of integrity, economy,
and good order to which he adhered throughout a
long and useful life. At the age of twenty-two he
removed to Newton, N. J., and with the aid of a small
capital, acquired by his own labor, he established the
Sussex Register, the first number of which was issued
on July 6, 1813. He continued its publication un-
interruptedly until Jan. 22, 1864, when he disposed
of his interest. A portion of this period he had as-
sociated with him as a partner the talented and popu-
lar writer Benjamin B. Edsall, who by his ability and
skill did much to give the paper a wide reputation.
Perhaps no clearer knowledge of Judge Hall's per-
sonal characteristics and public life can be obtained
than by the perusal of a few extracts from the obitu-
ary notice of him from the facile pen of Mr. Edsall,
published in the Sussex Register at the time of his
death. He says, —

"During this long period it is safe to say Judge
Hall continually gained a wider and deeper hold
upon the affections and esteem of the people with
whom his lot had been cast. Though never agreeing
in political sentiment with the majority of the voters
of this county, his sterling honesty and indisputable
capacity for the correct and intelligent discharge of
public business early led to his employment in official
position. He was deputy sheriff for nine years, a part
of the time doing nearly all the duties of his princi-
pal. For thirteen years he was clerk of the board of
freeholders, being annually re-elected, although the
members of the board almost unanimously differed
from him in political sentiment. For fifteen years he
was a judge of the Court of Common Pleas ; in 1836
he was chosen one of the Presidential electors for
New Jersey, and voted for Gen. William H. Harri-
son ; and in 1841 he was appointed clerk of the county,





serving in that capacity until 1846. In all these posi-
tions he acquitted himself with the greatest credit.
He was painstaking, systematic, and scrupulously
1 1 . . 1 1 . - 1 . As a judge no man could be more conscien-
tious. He was cautious, considerate, and impartial,
and when once his judgment was formed he was im-
movably firm ; nor fear nor favor nor hope- of reward
could swerve him a hail's breadth from what he bc-

Beved to be right and just. The correctness with
which Judge Hall discharged his public duties is
groverl c:l in iln count 1 , and the one distinguishing
trait of his character which those best acquainted
with 1: i in most frequently 3pcke :i with admiratacn
was that, no matter what business lie transacted,
whether small or great, ii was thoroughly and com-
pletely done. In all the relation.-, of life — as a hus-
band, a father, a neighbor, and a citizen — he ap-
proached as near perfection as it is permitted for a
human being to attain.

"To those who know but little of the man whose
venerable form is now clad in the habiliments of the

grave this language ma\ -eem somewhat extravagant.

But the writer of these lim — who is himself no Longer
young, and who has seen enough of the gloss and
tinsel which in this world passes too often for pure

gold to make him somewhat cynical — is the last one

to indulge at such a time in insincere compliments or
in unmerited eulogiums. For over thirty years the
doses! personal and business intimacy subsisted be-
tween (be deceased and the writer, and when we sn
that, beyond all men that we ever knew he was a model
of manly probity, we are unconscious of uttering aught
but the simple truth. There have existed many men

of more capacious intellect, —many of a higher fains
and belter calculated to dazzle the multitude with
sparkling rhetoric and radiant wit ; but for the Bolid
courtesy of a true gentleman, the jocund good humor
of an every-daj companion, the ever-ready sympathy

and kindness of a warm friend, and the sound common
sense, the sterling worth, and the invincible integrity

that may be relied u] lither forw ise counsel or safe

example, there are lew persons that ever lived who
(tarnished a better model than Judge Hall, Ripe in
years, in usefulness, in the love of kindred and friends,

and in the este I the public, he Binks at la-t to his

i i 1 1 : 1 1 rest. He leaves to his familj a fair amount of

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 55 of 190)