James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

. (page 59 of 190)
Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 59 of 190)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

completed, and at one in the same place on the 9th
of August, 1880, a constitution and by-laws were
adopted and the following officers were elected for
the year 1880 : President, Thomas Lawrence ; Vice-
Presidents, Lewis J. Martin, Albert Puder; Secretary
and Treasurer, Henry Huston; Assistant Secretaries,
Charles M. Woodruff, Charles L. Inslee; Directors,
Albert Puder, Peter D. Smith, Gilbert I. Grover, Da-
vid E. Warbasse, Peter Smith, Thomas Lawrence,
Gilbert Ingersoll, Charles L. Inslee, Joseph Warbasse,
Henry M. Ward, John Huston, Garret S. Van Blar-
com, Jacob J. Smith, Jacob E. Hornbeck, Jacob
Swartwout; Executive Committee, Luther Hill, Wil-
liam S. Hardin, William H. Hart, Seeley Howell,
Henry M. Ward, Joseph Warbasse, Lewis J. Martin,
-Zachariah H. Price, John P. Wilson. Luther Hill af-
terwards resigned, and Godfrey F. Hawk was ap-
pointed in his place.

The society leased the grounds, and the executive
committee at once went to work. They constructed
a splendid half-mile track, graded the grounds, built
a fence inclosing them, erected sheep-, horse-, pig-,
and cattle-stalls, a judges' stand and secretary's office.
A list of premiums was made out, and on the day ap-
pointed the fair was opened.

The fair began on the 12th of October, 1880, and
closed on the 15th, and was a success in every par-
ticular. The prospect now is that the future fairs to
be held by this society will excel anything of the
kind ever attempted in the county, and equal any
county fair in the State.

At a meeting held in Newton, Dec. 7, 1880, the
same officers were elected for the ensuing year.


This institution, organized by Sunday-school

workers in 1870, nourished for a few years, being

held in different parts of the county. During the
first week in February, 1872, the quarterly meeting
of the institute was held in Sparta, the attendance
being large and the exercises interesting. The ses-
sions lasted two days. They opened on Tuesday
evening with an address by Rev. A. A. Haines, —
subject, " Our Lads," which was treated in a very
interesting and instructive manner. The Wednesday
morning session was opened with a devotional exer-
cise ; then followed discussions on the various topics
of interest, participated in by the members present,
and closed by a paper on " Sunday-school Teachers,"
read by Rev. W. B. Wigg.

The children of the village, by special invitation,
attended the afternoon session, when blackboard ex-
ercises were presented by William D. Casterline, Esq.
Mr. Casterline also made a report of the exercises of
the Sunday-school Normal Institute held at Plain-
field, which he had recently attended as a delegate,
speaking in the highest terms of commendation of the
advantages of the institute in respect to Sunday-school

At the evening session the Methodist Episcopal
church was well filled. The subject of the "Sunday-
school Library" was ably considered by Rev. Mr. Mc-
Kee, pastor of the Presbyterian Church of Sparta,
followed by the reading and answering of questions
from the " Question-Box," a very interesting exer-
cise to all present.

The above report of a quarterly meeting — which
we condense from the New Jersey Herald of that date
— gives a fair idea of the objects and work of the in-
stitute. It is not our purpose to report all its meet-
ings in detail, but simply to put on record in this
history of the county the credit due many of her
earnest and devoted Christian citizens for their zeal
and labor in this department of the moral and re-
ligious culture of the young.



At a public meeting held pursuant to notice in
Newton on Monday evening, June 27, 1853, to take
measures in relation to the Sussex County centennial
celebration, a large number of citizens being present,
David Robeson, Esq., was called to the chair, and Rev.
Nathaniel Pettit appointed secretary.

On motion, a committee of five was formed to report
resolutions suggesting a line of action upon the sub-
ject. During their retirement there was a general
interchange of sentiment among the citizens favorable'
to the celebration. When the committee reappeared
they reported the following resolutions, which were
unanimously adopted :



"Wumeas, This Is the ono hundredth year since (lie separation of
Bnsscx County ir.uu Ihe county of Uorrli and III organization during
6c reign c.r Gcorgo II., in the year ..r our Lord 1763, wo, llio inhabl-

irlng In remomhrnnco the d la of our ancestors Bud the vari-

lu trials, vlclaelludce, and labors which they underwent In thi

ftogross of the county t.» lt« present state of advo mont; In.

Hwrish thoae sentiments of patriotism whichever) man and

every froomnn— ehonld ha% - o n.r the place of hla birth; and In order

n, ver, t Inl oni Inhabitants,

to unlto us In btill stronger bonds of harmony bythe ri
nable us more duly to appr.

Iltlon of our Institutions, and, besides, to afford :. precedent to future

thai ball testify that we arc not unmindful ol Ihe high

■ birthright ; thi

/. Thai wo cherish Ihe prof' lest feelings of patriotic regard

r,,r |hc countj ol our nativity, whose historical reminiscences aro so rich
wlili Interest, and whoso advuutages and Institutions aro so worthy of our

pr lest admiration.

" B, oleed. That on the Bftli day of Oi t..l"-r noxt, .it Newton,
tho orgnniznllon "f thu county.

u Ilenolvf'i, Tiiiit a ii. . i [itco of three bo appointed to

othoi wise, with mi h pel m ta nn al Ic

. . in loi ■ necicd with tlio county, and i

-ii. Ii traditional or shitlstlcnl Information as may give Interest to tlie

proc liiik'-i «n>l be Wurthy <>f pic-.-i a.iIimm.

" Raotvt ./, Tliut an exoculivo commltl f thirteen be appointed t.»

table arrangements f->r tlio celebration, and to act as asslstunt

marshals upon il icaslon.

'. Tliut ii Hu|Mi\i-..ry *-■ ■] n in i t C •■<- ..r tlir..- fi .nn i-fu-li tuwiibliip

i te I la procure d marshal and an orator, to exerl their Influence

in -i uring a co-oporniion in their various localilies, nod t<. take such

goDerul oversight ol tli" nffalrs connc ted with 11 ilobratlon as may

Icii'l t" itn succv still ;n compllshmont.

'.'Hi nt 1 1 it!vc8of Sussex County, both at home and nlirnn.l,

[zons and tin- . Itizcns ol Warren I ly, oni o a pari of

Sussex, bo ili.illy Invited tojuln with us in the teeth

After the adoption of the resolutions, the following-
oamed gentlemen were Belccted to act upon tin' com-
rjitteea :

i n Hi B D i il ill, « - Joht - n. ii - indi i - m.
i IJ.Ni Idi ii, i ihn Linn, Duulel Bali J

Krnhor, Jonathnn F. Shafer, John Townsond, Boroco Wi

W. Lane, Henry W. Johns in, Itul ert Damllton, Thonins Anderson,

.ti - ft. Hull, John M.' itrter.Jr.

'. Committee. — Vernon, Lewis Dunn, Prico Ynnostmnd, Til imas
T, sun- 'ii-. hi ; Qnrdyston, Tin. mm Lnwronco, l»r. Franklin Smith,

Richard E. Bdsnll; Wantnge, Rev. Peter Ki nsc, Edward

lir. Aloxander Linn; Frunkford, Alpl - Gustln, Oharl '

Itoherl v. Armstri ; Hontaguo, John n. Keldon, Isaac Donucll,

i li hTornheck, Jr.; Snndyston, John D, Bveritt, David Depue,
Timothy a Shay; Wnlpack, Peter Bewltt, Elijah R ncrnns, Ben-
jamin Hull; Stillwater, It. C. V. M , .la - Uerkel, John W.

0|Hiyke; Oroon, Isnai Shiner, Si tel II. Hunt, Nathaniel Drako;

Byrnm, Cyra B. Leport, Andrew \ Smalley, Peter Smtlli
Richard II Morris, \aron tl. Kolsoy, Moses IVoodral , Lafayette,
James B. Huston, John M. Halts, John 8, Broderli I; ; Newt
Nathaniel PetUt, Dr. Anthony D. Morion), Edward I

i in ii in i inn ui' .lull ii I, in n. Esq., the follow in'_' reso-
lution relative i" tin' c inittec composed of gentle-
men from nil parts of the c itj was passed, — viz. :

nl.Thnt ii I- desirable thai lhesu| c ahi nil

- pmi in al I' ,and Hint tin \ bore n M lay,

tin' llth of .inly, at tho hotel of D. Cox, ill N'owton, al 12o"ct
in i entot n|' ni iinii duties.

motion of Col. Rubor! Hi Iton, ir wni nnanlmouely

that tho proc Ilngsol tho llug he published in all the u<

in Sussex and Warren Counties.

" Davis Rn n- s, /■ ...i-lnt.
" V l't . . '

IT. — Til 1 : CELEBB \ l [ON.
The committees immediately entered upon the duties
(Bsigned them, using the most laudable exei


make such preparations as

occasion of bo much interest to tin- inhabits

Sussex i Sounty. I len. Lyman Edwards was appointed

marshal of the day, and Col. Simon Kilpatrick, Col.

.Iiilm W. Nyce, and ftfaj. Petet B. Shafer assistants.

B. Ii. Edsall, Esq., and tin- Rev. .1. 1". Tuttle w<

lected as orators. Previous to the celebration, in all

parts of the county greal expectations had

and it is to be recorded with pleasure thai thi

sanguine anticipations were not disappointed. Both

ill.' county in wspapers contained a litll d

il..' proceedings of the 'lay. from which we shall make

some ■ m racts.

Say- the Ni m Jersey Herald, " Tin best and b
day old Su i . evi c Baw was lasl Wednesday. The
centennial celebration, for which Buch ample pi
rations had long been making, was duly ushered in mi
tin- morning of the ever-memorable 5th ni' « >cto
tin- tin, .in.. ' bdis Ir mi '1 lyfcght to sit in '-. the in mi .
of artillery from the heights above tin' (own, and it
display of tin.. American banner from the flagstaff
upon tlir court-house, a- well as from the bale >i
numerous public and private buildings. Tin- .lay
dawned serene, clear, ami tranquil, ami ere ii
tin ni-aml- of citizens ami strangers poured in as it
wni- from tlm four quarters of the earth to renew
their allegiance, like pilgrims, t.. the la ml of thi
ternol It <•. some to tlm land of their birth, and hun-
dreds of others rejoicing in the place < r adop-

Say. the Sussex Register, "When tlm design of
calling together so many veterans of the county as
ni^lii I..- possible was suggested, the importance of
tin- occasion assumed it- most interesting aspect.
There were Bcores of venerable men scattered here
ami there throughout the county whose individual
lives ami memories spanned three-fourths oud i
the century which it was proposed to commemorate..
Tin- list of such has been extended far beyond what
tin- best informed of our local antiquarians anticipated
i- could lie 'flic catalogue is enumerated by hun-
dreds instead of scores. And, moreover, whi
invitations had been verygenerally issued, int. I
- ived from tinm to time of the death of
liose greater ages would have made 'In
in.e additionally dear, a saddening interest wa
to tlm proceedings of the committee in thi- respect.
Several of those who had received invitation circulars

to attend the celebration have in the interim settled
OUntfl w ith earth and passed away 1.. be known
no more forever. Nevertheless, the veteran array
which was actually enlisted was by far the most im-
posing and fitting feature of the 0(

" The celebration proper commenced with the ar-
rival of tin' Newark delegation on Tuesday afternoon.

In the early part of the day the street- had b<
cially cleared of rubbish, and we ,|Li. -ti..n it' x -

ever manifested more pride than she did in view ol

. -ion. At n ttiiiic flags wire ver*. generally



unfurled from our hotels, public buildings, and every-
where, — an augury of the joyous event which was to
follow. At 4 p.m. the Columbian Riflemen and New-
ark delegation were announced, and the streets were
quickly thronged by those who were eager to bid them
welcome. They were received amid the cheers of the
assembled mass and a booming salute of cannon.
Having paraded the principal streets, they were dis-
persed to their several quarters, and in renewed com-
munings and festive joy the sun went down on Tues-

" Bell-chimes and cannon-peals hailed the dawn of
"Wednesday. At a very early hour commenced the
flow of a human tide which long before noon had
swelled to the largest concourse ever assembled in
our county. We estimate that there were not less than
eight thousand persons in attendance, and the license
which is usually indulged in such estimates would
easily raise it to ten thousand or twelve thousand. As
soon after 11 a.m. as possible the procession com-
menced forming. It was headed by the Newark
Brass Band and Columbian Riflemen, after whom fol-
lowed the several committees, clergy, orators, and vet-
erans. In the procession we counted thirty distin-
guished by the badge of the Newark delegation, and
many others we know were at the time participating
in pleasant greetings with their friends and relations
throughout the village and vicinity. A banner bearing
a fac-simile of the county seal next appeared in the
procession, followed by the Delaware Cornet Band of
Port Jervis. The five lodges of Odd-Fellows of the
county were next represented in order by sixty of
their numbers. The Sons of Temperance next ap-
peared, numbering two hundred, equipped with the
regalia, banner, staves, etc., peculiar to the order. We
only do justice when we give Wantage Division — one
of the most distant of those in attendance — the credit
of appearing with the largest number of the eight
divisions represented. The Temple of Honor of this
village — an order as yet in its incipient stages among
us — appeared with nearly twenty of its members. A
band of martial music next interspersed the moving
mass, which was followed by the citizens of Sussex
and Warren under their several township banners.
The procession reached the speaking-ground soon
after 12 M. Judge William P. Robeson, of Warren,
was appointed president, and Hon. George Vail, of
Morris, and Joseph Green, Esq., of Sussex, vice-presi-
dents of the day."

On taking the chair Judge Robeson thus addressed
the assembly :

■• Fellow-Citizens of Sussex and Warren,—
Ladies and Gentlemen, — The unexpected honor
of presiding over this vast concourse of people is re-
ceived with feelings of profounde3t gratitude. Al-
though Warren County, in which I reside, was set off
from Sussex nearly thirty years ago, my earliest rec-
ollections, as well as the history of my forefathers, are
connected with Old Sussex. Every place upon which

my eye now rests, from the fertile valley to the tower-
ing mountain, is familiar and dear to me as the place
of my nativity. Your county is a spot upon which
God has showered the richest blessings of nature, —
such blessings as stir within our breasts the emotions
of affection and gratefulness. We may be impressed
with wonder and awe at the power of the Almighty
as we behold the -leaping cataract, but when we cast
our glance over this favored land, its mountains ris-
ing sublimely and rich with mineral wealth, its spread-
ing plains and undulating hills beautiful and fertile
and crowned with plenty, we recognize not only His
power, but His benevolence. This land, I am proud
to say, is the land of my birth. Yet, in appearing
again among you, I miss many of the citizens with
whom I associated in early life. They are gone, but
their sons are around me. The fact that you are as-
sembled here to-day, imbued with patriotism and de-
votion to your native country, is a proof that you
are worthy of your honored fathers. The duty you
have placed upon me I will endeavor to perform to the
best of my ability, and I beg you to accept my thanks
for the honor you have conferred."

A prayer was then offered by the Rev. Dr. Shafer.
Solemn silence reigned throughout the great multi-
tude while the venerable man lifted up his voice to
God in thanksgiving for the mercies of the past and
supplication for blessings in the future. The act of
worship having been concluded, a choir of young
ladies and gentlemen sang the following



"Dark was the day when our forefathers settled
On the wild banks of the hriglit Delaware ;
The terrors and toils of Ihe forest were round them,

But ne'er did their noble hearts yield to despair.
Hail to the beautiful land they have left us !

Hail to the mountain, the valley, tho plain!
Blessed be the homes which protected our childhood,
Where freedom and comfort and happiness reign.
Then, brothers, hand in hand,
Think of the gallant band
Who won us our birthright in danger and toil;
Deep in our inmost heart
Their deeds shall have a part
Long as their ashes shall hallow the soil.

" Scarce had the war-whoop been bushed into silence,

The musket hung up on the rude cabin-wall,

Anil peaeo and prosperity crowning their labors,

When war again sounded its terrible call;
Shoulder to shoulder they marched to the conflict

Till British invaders were driven afar;
Bravo wore the men of Old Sussex before us,
True to their country in peace or in war.
Then, brothers, hand in hand,
Think of the gallant band
Defending our homes from the grasp of the foe.
Deep in our inmost heart
Their deeds shall have a part
While tho mountains shall stand or the rivers shall flow.

"Look now around at tho myriads of blessings

Heaven has poured on us with bountiful baud :
Labor, protected, has yielded its harvest,
Plenty is crowning our beauteous land.



XreiUUrei <if wealth arc in. 1..-..1 in Hi-' ni->unluiii^ ;

Health i* pervading tlie bright balmy air;

Pence and contentiOeDt arc smiling around as:

rti. ^-in^i r. - t on thee, my country i • lab I

Then, brothers, band in band.

Hail t native land I

Dear la Old Su - <-\, irhereTex we roam;
God shelter ttiee from barm
Willi Hi- almighty arm:

Ball to Old Sussex,— Old Sussex, our home "

Pi f the centenary was wisely devoted to an

«-l < m 1 1 1 « - 1 1 1 summary of the early history of Sussex by

that i competent citizen, the late Benjamin B.

Kd-all, Esq. It was published in pamphlet form,
together with the able address of Rev. J. F. Tuttle,
with notes and an appendix, constituting a valuable
contribution to the history of Sussex County. The

report -ays, —

"The attention of the audience was riveted upon
the speaker for two hours, when he announced an in-
termission of fifteen minutes before delivering the
ider of his address. During the interval the
patriotic song 'Our Flag is There' was sung by Mr.
Bitter, of the Columbian Rifles. A stirring air from
the Delaware Cornet Band succeeded, when the presi-
dent proposed three cheers for 'Old Sussex.' Those
who heard the loud huzzas which then rose from thou-
sands of voices will never forget them. They wire
the OUtbur-ting of those pent-up feelings of enthu-
siasm which longed for an utterance; and the hills
gav,- back the Bhout and prolonged the echoes as if
reluctant to let them die. When the acclamations
had ceased the speaker gave the latter pari of his ora-
tion, which occupied in its delivery about an hour.

At its conclusion three cheer- were again gh en by the
multitude with the same heartiness as before. Pre-
vious i" the retiring of the people the Columbian

Rifle i ' pany marched before the stage, and through

Qen. Edwards re leived the thank- of the citizens for
their attendance and the assistance they had rendered
upon this memorable occasion. A reply, brief but
chaste and beautiful, expressing the great satisfaction
and gratification of the company, was made by Lieut.
1 iven. After a benediction pronounced by thi Rev.
N. Pettit, the procession reformed and returned to the

"Although Newton never held so great a number

of persons before, strict order prevailed, and nol an

i occurred to mar the pleasure of the daj .

The Bun wenl down amid the 1" ling of cannon and

the general congratulations of our citizens. Towards
many of the inhabitants of the surrounding
villages, who had participated in the t. 1 1 - it!, re-
turned to their homes, yel the town was full; thej
I unwilling to lose what yet remained of the

"The exercises of the evening wen- commenced with
a torchlight procession in much the same order as
during the day. A fter proceeding through the princi-
pal streets of the village the procession halted in front
01 the residence of W. S. Johnson, Esq., who, in he-

half of the ladies of Newton, presented a floral wreath
to the • 'olumbian Riflemen. Be trusted, he said, that
the riflemen would ever display the -pirit and skill

which they had done in their target strife and evolu-
tions Of to-day. and with virtue and li ir a - their

aim they could not fail to achieve a merited and
honorable distinction. The wreath wius received by
.1. J. Craven, who, in behalf of the company, assured
those present that it would be cherished as a pleasant
memento of the ladies of Sussex. He remarked in

concluding that the tasteful and beautiful wreath of
which he was the recipient was only emblematic of
the character and loveliness of the donors. A bnu.|iiet
was presented to the captain of the riflemen, as also
one to the Delaware Cornet Band, which was re-
ceived by one of the company with a neat speech of
thanks for the gift. The procession then moved to
the Presbyterian church, where the concluding ex-
ercises were held. Rev. Thomas Davis offered an
appropriate prayer, after which the choir sang the

" ODE.
"by anonoe p. MOBBIS, ESQ.
" A r<>ck in the wil.lcrnesa welcomed our sires
Prom bondage far over the dark rollli
On Hint holy altar they kindled thi
Jehovah, which glow in our bosoms (or Thee.

"Thy!! I in sanshino and shower,

i the eoll that wae aown by Thy hand ;

The mountain and valley rejoiced in Thy power^

And l!> ave land.

"In church and cathedral wo Ki 1 in .air pro] er,

Their temple and chapel were valley an I hill ;
Hut God i- the same in the aisle of the air,
And Hi' i- the Boob that we lean upon still."

"After a piece of instrumental music by the Dela-
ware Cornet Band, Rev. J. F. Tuttle,* then of Rocka-
way, N. J., delivered the oration of the evening, above
referred to, on the subject of ' Popular Rights in New
Jersey previous to the Revolution.' It occupied an
hour and a half in its delivery, and was listened to
throughout with the strictest attention. Hi- address
was succeeded by ' Hail, Columbia il' from the hand,

when a Doxology was sung to the tune of ' Old Hun-

m whom all Ueeotngi Hon ;
Pi d ■■ linn, iiit crenturM here below ;
Pi.ii-' linn above, ye heavenl] b
Prabo Father, Son, and Holy Qb

"The audience then retired with the benediction of
the speaker.
" It was not till after midnight that the festivities

maj b,- -aid to have i hid. 1. The roar ..f cannon

was heard, bonfires and torches illumined the darkness,

and -train- of v.nal and instrumental music fille I the

air. Every house in town, both public and private,

wa- gladdened by social enjoyment. Friends from a
distance interchanged their greetings. The patriarch

' lir. Tuiii.- i- no* pn -i lenl ..f Walaaa Call



of threescore and ten gazed proudly on his descendants
as they again surrounded his fireside and heard him
recount the labors and privations of early life. Thus
the evening wore away, and many a bosom glowed
with generous emotions, and many a brother's hand
felt the warm grasp of friendship and affection, as the
celebration closed."

We quote two passages from the centennial orations,
■ — one from near the beginning of Mr. EdsalPs, and
another from the closing remarks of Rev. Mr. Tuttle.
Mr. Edsall said,—

" The early annals of Sussex County occupy but a
brief space on the historic page. This, however, is to
be accounted for without detracting in any degree
from the character or merit of your ancestors. Blood
and rapine, civil and ecclesiastical feuds, intrigue and
usurpation, kingly duplicity and aggression, are the
prominent topics of history ; while the deprivations
and hardships endured in the subjugation of the wil-
derness, the frequent encounters with beasts of prey,
the daily exposure to the vengeance of the treacherous
savage, and the numerous other dangers which beset
the path of the pioneer, are matters which receive
only a passing notice. Nevertheless, these latter trans-
actions have formed the basis of all national super-
structures ever since the first couple were sent forth
from Eden to people the whole earth with their seed.
The men who from time immemorial have gone out to
subdue the forests and reclaim waste places have dis-
played greater courage than any of the titled warriors
who, at the head of panoplied hosts, have desolated

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 59 of 190)