James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

. (page 83 of 190)
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ax Blttuan bdngeln Wall pack Butlng BoundlngaafollngaBegtog at the

hwi I inter ,,r the lturiug yard ut a Bed oak tree mark! with tbree

I Itohe on tin -M.-. KiirinliiK from tliei,ue Souerlo to a wite oak treo
murk with three noches, Bunlng along to a Black ,,:ik tree markt with
Bree nut. lies a comer tro then Kutilag easterlo to a corner a Bluck oak
with three uotcheri from thcnco Northorie to u Black oak Cor-
ner tree market on two sides with threo notches from thence to the foust
Bashon Containing abonl fore aje kurs moreao or Lea t<> Getber with ail
Of Rites tltU iutrost denies and Demand* what M ever we now have
ami which any or ovor of our helm Executors Administers or a .sl K -n^
nm.v hear alter have ol'oi t,. the Said Granted Premises ,,r any |m" n. i
■ have and to hold the Said Pece or Lot of Land unto the above Blten
Bhabtlnos them their are.s aainea Exccters admlnl without any mauerof

we the said thomas Brink an nlckl.s si In, van have fully

mely mil absolutly ami forever own accord Set ami I'm In furder testi-
mony in witness wbareof wo have hear unto S.-t >.ur hands anil Seules
this Mint Day of febery in this tenth year of In- magesty King George an

Bodomney thousand Seven hundred an thirty Seven She ii Sealed

Witness in tho presuoco of us


' 1'iri: V w
' Aim



Church Buildings.— The lir-i Walpack church was
flrectcd between 1737 and 174n upon the land de-
scribed in the above deed. The date of the erection
cond edifice i- nol known, but it i- belii ved
to have In in mm, ii altrr the close of the Revolution.
This second building had become so dilapidated in
1-1" that arrangements were made with the Gorman
Reformed congregation to occupy with them the
church edifice which the latter had erceteM that year
"!"-" i lie site of the old Walpack church. The Dutch
Reformed people soon purchased one-half of the new
Building, and both congregations used il in common
until 18-11, when the < lerman Reformed congregation
was absorbed by the Reformed Dutch Church.

In 1855 the present house of worship was built,
Upon the original church site. The corner-stone was
laid Aug. -22, 1 s.V,. by Rev. Robert I'itts, pastor in
charge Reuben Shupe, of Sandyston, was the con-
tracting builder and did the carpenter-work. The
whole cosl of the edifice was $1441. The building
Committee was Jones Smith, Calvin Decker, Henry
J. Bunnell, and Jonas K. Smith. The church was
dedicated Dec. 20, 1X55.

The old Shapanack chinch, farther up the river, on
tin- Mine [load, was an octagonal log structure. It
•as built about 1770, and remained in use till 1826.

*he neighborh 1- at Shapanack and Peters' Valley

fturnished chief!) tin >ns for this church,

although it drew some Iron, the Walpack COngrega-


During the vacancy in the pastorate Of the Walpack

ami Shapanack churches, between 1772 and I,
flasional supplies visited them, but, owing to the dis-
turbed state of the country, they were lew and far
between. During this time Rev. Daniel Thatcher,
a Presbyterian minister from North Carolina, was in
pe neighbor! 1 of Shapanack, on private business

where he remained several months. While here he
preached al shapanack, and the result was an attempt

to organize a Presbyterian Church Composed of the
people of that vicinity and some from the Walpack
congregation. Con and other matter re-

lating to the subject are found in the minutes of the
General Synod and of Presbytery of New- Brunswick
in 1784, 1785, and 1787. It does not appear that a
1'rcsbyterian Church was actually organized. By the
removal of Mr. Thatcher and the settlement of Rev.
Elias Van Bunschooten in the Delaware valley the

movement was checked, and what remained of the

Presbyterian enterprise was united with Hardwick
and Newton in 1786.

The Walpack 1'nion Congregation (German Re-
formed) was incorporated April 15, 1820. The trus-
tees named were .John liergstracer, Lewi- Trauger,
Philip Smith, Leonard Cariss, and George Crisman :
but of the history of the organization nothing of in-
terest can be found.


-May 6, 1S34, a notice issued to Joseph E. Edsall,
Esq., cbrk of the Court of Common Pleas, to the
etlcci that on July 10, 1-S:;:,, a meeting of '• a religious

society and congregation of Christians" was held at
the house of Joseph Fuller in Walpack, and that
Timothy E. Shay. Daac Losey, Ira Puller. Robert
loll, ami Joseph Puller were chosen trustees. May
17, 1834, Robert Bell conveyed to the SOcietj a • 1 • • d
for two lots of ground to be occupied for church and

The church thus organized was known as the
Pleasant Valley Methodist Episcopal Church, having
a location in the neighborhood of what is now known
as Walpack Centre. Services had been held for some
time previous to L883 in the houses of Methodists
thereabout, and until 1887 such convenient plan -
continued to be used. In the year named a house of
worship, built of stone and completed mainly by vol-
unteered labor, occupied the property Bet apart for
that purpose bj Robert Bell. Previous to is:;: the
graveyard was laid out. It is -till used, but the old
church has ben replaced by a more imposing edi-
fice, Bel upon high ground, ncanr the village. The
firal person buried in that graveyard was the Wife of

Isaac Lose] . w ho died in is:; i.

The congregation was nol very numerous in L887,
but it held some earnest and active members. Among
these were Ira Puller and (saac Losey ; the latter was
exhortcr and class-leader for nearly forty years.
\mong the earliest preachers wen Revs. Shaw, Ifc-

Dougal, PI IT (the two latter conducted a great

revival i. Baker, Dandy, Long, ai I Pearson.

In 1*71 a new church was built, upon land donated

by Jacob Roe. It cost S7< and was dedicated in

March. L872. At that time the name of tl rgan-

ization was changed from "The Pleasant Valley



Methodist Episcopal Church" to "The Walpaek
Centre Methodist Episcopal Church." It is now on
the Walpaek charge, which includes two points.
Timothy E. Shay is class-leader and exhorter at
Walpaek. He was one of the first board of trustees
chosen in 1S33, and has now passed the forty-eighth
year of his service with this church. The assistant
class-leader is I. S. Rundle. The trustees are Tim-
othy E. Shay, Isaac S. Rundle, Bartley D. Fuller,
Benjamin Cole, Nicholas S. Tillman, Peter P. Petty,
Alfred Bevans, Cornelius D. Gunn, Joseph A. Hull.
The Sunday-school superintendent is Bartley D.
Fuller. The church membership is about 50.


is situated near the mouth of the Flatbrook, from
which it takes its name. A mill was built here at a
very early period in the settlement of the country,
probably by Benjamin Barton, who appears to have
been the first owner. Barton conveyed the property
to George Overpeck, May 1, 1797, and Overpeck's
administrator, Peter Track, conveyed it to Jonas
Smith by deed bearing date May 12, 1803. Jonas
Smith and his son John operated the mill for several
years, when they sold it to John Gariss, of Bucks Co.,
Pa., who, in connection with the milling business,
had also a manufactory of spinning-wheels. During
his ownership, about seventy years ago, the mill was
burned. He began to rebuild, but before completing
it sold the property to Samuel Gariss and Jacob Shoe-
maker. Mr. Gariss subsequently became the sole pro-
prietor, and about twenty years ago sold the property
to Elijah Rosenkrans, the present owner. Mr. Rosen-
krans tore down the old mill, having built the present
one near its site.

Thomas Durling built and opened the first store in
Flatbrookville about 1818, and soon after sold it to
Frederick Vaticken. Crynus Bloom, who married
Blandina, daughter of Thomas Decker, built and kept
the first hotel, some years later. About 1818, John
Decker built a blacksmith-shop. In 1835, Benjamin
Hull and Jacob Smith erected a clover-mill and saw-
mill, and for a number of years did a prosperous
business. Jacob Smith was the first postmaster of
the place.

The village received quite an impulse in 1854, when
Elijah Rosenkrans interested himself in its progress.
He erected a new store, which he leased to Anson P.
Rosenkrans, and, besides building several dwelling-
houses, contributed in various ways to the prosperity
of the place. At one time business was so flourishing
that three stores were required to meet the demands
of trade. Mr. Rosenkrans moved to Newton many
years ago, but he still owns property at Flatbrook-
ville, including the mills and hotel.

The Flatbrookville Delaware Bridge Company was
chartered in 18G9 by an act passed by the Legislature
of Pennsylvania and confirmed by the Legislature of

New Jersey. The charter named four commissioners
in Pennsylvania and three in New Jersey, the latter
being David Bunnell, Calvin Decker, and Martin
Hull. The capital stock of the company was placed
at $15,000, with power to increase. This enterprise
contemplated the erection of a very important bridge
across the Delaware at the Walpaek Bend, but it was
never carried through successfully.


is situated on the Flatbrook, seven miles above the vil-
lage last referred to. Isaac S. and Jasper W. Rundle,
who had previously kept a store in the old Dr. Rosen-
krans storehouse, at Stoll's, opened the first store at
Walpaek Centre in 1850. Ira Fuller about twenty-
five years before had kept a store near the old Dimon
place ; the locality was then known as Pleasant

There was no post-office at the Centre until the
Rundle Brothers began trading there. Previous to
that Enos Johnson, a colored man, was engaged by
the people of the neighborhood to bring their mail
once a week from Tuttle's Corners. He also served
the people in this capacity as far down as Flatbrook-


There are in Walpaek three public burial-places.
The ground at the Flatbrookville church — old Wal-
paek burying-ground — is very ancient, dating as far
back as 1737, when the deed of conveyance was given
by Thomas Brink and Nicholas Schoonhoven. There
are no headstones old enough to mark the first inter-
ments, or any records to indicate in what year ground
was first broken to receive the mortal remains of the
old pioneers ; but doubtless the ashes of many of
those whose names appear in the early records of the
township repose in this quiet spot.

The old Shapanack burying-ground, on the river
road, occupies a portion of the farm of Joseph Hull.
This ground was used for burial purposes before the
Revolution, although the oldest monument is the
plain headstone at the grave of Mrs. Anna Symmes,
wife of Hon. John Cleve Symmes, and mother-in-law
of President Harrison, who died July 25, 1776. The
inscription upon this stone has been given in another
place, and is therefore omitted here. In this ceme-
tery there are two lots which contain the oldest head-
stones, but interments have long since ceased to be
made in them. In the lower of these stood the old
Shapanack octagonal church. An adjoining lot is
occasionally used for the burial of colored people.

The third burying-ground is the Methodist ceme-
tery at Walpaek Centre. It was laid out in 1834, and
in that year the wife of Isaac Losey was buried
therein, — the first interment in the ground.

The editor would acknowledge his indebtedness to
Thomas G. Bunnell, Esq., of Newton, for valuable
material used in the foregoing history of Walpaek

(7 —

I iu prugenftor of the Hull family— nn<' of the largest in New Joraoy
i i Hi. iiiiiiin wl .mi'- to America about 1840, and i- supposed

in have aettlod in 8outh Jersey,
English la.ly .1 noble parentage mi

deni f her miii Benjamin, nl Bale*

Tbolr children were two sons, of

Hull family and Ita bran

ho wasl but In- .in

raided, durl
agricultural pursalts. I

Kami," nnd sul.ee. in

M. Blater, oi lie I.

u n ■ -i, itwell Faun,
Ing tin' maadowa of tin
hoc a, and - veral ■■< liladn

mil died .a the real-

, N. .1.

niti, jtist alluded t",

anceat I the lai [c

i i- i .ui where

Hi I

ad foil


Shotwoll, and


,,hll" In

• II.

Ill,-,, lil fai

l> ■.

anil S|
ill' 01]

., I,.



en Nov. '-II and Augusta, at

place In- stocked it «itl wa, built a

i.i, removed there ami carried on tbo
remainder «*f the family continued mi
ii\ of three aona ami ten daughters, all


deatl i


had I

,,•■1 i., ill.- ripe age ,'f nlnet) yes

ha I 111 a lillh- ",r.,i.wir.l mi Hi.' oil Ilia

io "Shot well graveyard." lli» «if" waa anno

a luri;" landow ii.t ami r-'.-*i-l.',l between \.-u l..,i

.■r sisters married Daniel Predmoro, who waa

a pi! sol the ' "hum .'..in i, an, I the remaindi .

imoved i

am \-'.i religious, and after bet huaband'a

l of n church with ber own I I- j bill an. i the

unfinished -tat", the Dooring

I. the woi I. was cnl short by hei li
yean onorwnnhi it waa used foi divine worahip in an unflniahed state,
i.iu subsequently sold, ami the proceeds uacd lo build the gravoyard
fonco. Sho la described by her grunddanghtor, Mrs Hnncj Wood,
dnughtor of John Mull, a- beln .. -mall, delicate Looking woman, full

,i .in and g I Hcnac, ami poaaeaaod "t greal moral worth and

Christian excellence Uy the - |ieraon Benjamin II. .11 i- d

when very old, n i i>' e, nolde-iooking man, somewha

age, with hla hall hunglni far down hia buck tied In a long qu

with bright eyea filled with good nature riielri hildren were Charity,

born Man: 1764 married Samuel Jones, who reaidod nl Mini"

I \|i il 2 ■, ! I

21, t T • I . I'" ame til « i il

Orovo, In old N

Pot. i Boll.ol S»

Kays, «

DIB I Moses H

m, n 'H, «n« il..

born o.t. ■:.., it,

l Aug, 1. 176

Aug IB, IT.,;, i,
March 20, 1700, i
Benjamin, ti rn
Myrtle Clrovi ; I

llaniiah Ma

oala; Mary, born Mai

Uyrtle Orovo: Bhi d

r My rtlo Grove; Ellxab lb,

i ol Augusta ; Martha,

sga, "i Myrtle Qrove; Both, born
l..|,kiti-. of Newton; John, horn
ilSLand resided ,i M

1 Elisabeth I

7.,., «... il,.. wife of .1 ph Wai
Ham, born July IT. 1771, marrt. i

resided at Weal Bi a

Stato; and Dorcas, bora April I, 1772, married Henry Prico, father "f

II, ,n. /, II. Price, ami I
ship. The grandchild
hundred and Hvo,
in those children, John i

lime "I. i'.,' i '. hi now o« i
ill" ..it 1708 removed with I


subject and resided f..r a

1 by William S| ,'al Mini '

ramily toShapauack, VVaipick township,
where he a few years afterwards tuel bis death under circumataocea

which :n ■ '.. i tront uaplcion that lie had I n rdered i

,... John II. Hull, hi.r.i iii I8H6, removed to Blchi I, Pa .

in I- in, where ho waa engaged "ill. another brother in Ihomanul

:,,i two \'.u>. il- reaidad al Corydon, I'a.. from 1839 to
1842. II.. an- subsequently a nierchum at Warren. Pa., where he u-

vod in 1842, anil daring his thirty-one years' residence there lie a .-

a mborol the town council f,,r twenty-four years, He *1 . , ■ ,i at the

age of sixty-eight.

Be ... il., i - i '-Miii Hull, i» Hi.' subject or this iket. b, and

waa born in Newton township, March It, 1788, being ton years ..I.I whon
il,., i.iinih settled in Wadpav I,. II" served In the «..r ,,f 1812, and waa
in the lain. ..I Sand] Hook. II,, married Oatherlno, daughter .,i
Philip Sinilh, .,1 Wali'ii.'k. win. In" him the following children:

Philip, s farmo arwllkeel .p.. , Mary, wlf. ol Jam - Bunnell;

William, a farmer ol Walpack; Elizabeth, wifo of Daniel B. Bilen-
. served In the late EUbelllou ami died shortly aftei Its ■ lose;
' : Moaos, a ho died In I -

[ontroae, Pa ; Jane, wifo ,,i BJ. bai a

late K.-h.'ll and died from

lavld il . a ho has heon B • I
in Nowton, and married Juliana,
prominont lawyoi ol the - place ;

wife ,,i Joseph 3 I mno

Paul/, who wss a h. rn. i, an
contnicted while in the as

I. haul for two

daughter of Dsvld Th pa

■ I Mai till, il j.l-ti, I II." I

i , o Benjamin Hull purchased ■ small farm In

Walpai h, which he cleared "f itw origins] f,.r,'st and for several yean

At. i. ui 1840 ha removed I,, FlatbrookvUle, where the rsmalader "i
ss a iH"i.'iiat.(. and whsi i

kept a publlo-houso nnd officiated as pustma I i Hi rel I from

lib, which ".c. in. I April 1", 1804.
n Iu

.Mr. il. ill »ii- .iu Influential member "f the Democratic party, held
Dices In tho township, waa Jnallcc ,( it." p
term represented Sussex County In the Stats Legislature. Both ha and
in- wifo were members <>f tho Dutch Befonni I 'Inn, h ,,f \\ ,
i ..Il worthy benevolent obji ets.
,n, Benjamin Hull wss humble, qnlet, retiring, and most

scrupulously h it; a- a neighbor, he a..- psmessuie, kind, obliging,

sympathl I teemed hy all ; as a miner, he wss tender,

all", l. :

whom the law was nol made, yel his obi He toll wss unl

form ami constant. The Golden Huh- that -i .1 la* In

il home, ... il.- church, In n. Ighboi I.

everywhere, and every day, he without i
without an effort, exompllflod the Christian IIP. .

^Jyj/C^iy ^^U^n/^o^d'




1 : 1. 1. 1 A 1 1 ROSENKBAN8,
grandson of Col. John Rosenkrans, and son of Ben-
jamin Rosenkrans, was born in the township ofWal-
pack, Sussex Co., N. J., .March 11, 1806. He Bpenl
the first twenty-five years .if his life at home, where
he received the limited opportunities for obtaining an
education atforded by the common schools of his
native place, and learned the ilnties of the farm. • >n
July 2, 1830, lie married Mary, daughter of Christian
arnl Mary Smith, of Walpack. She was born Feb.
r.i, 1812, and died Feb. 7, 1864, leaving no issue.
His second wife is Amanda M. F., daughter of Ben-
JRinin B. Van Sickle, of Sandyston township, whom
In- married March 27, 1866. She was born April j:;,
1886. The children born of this union are Mary V..
Hortense, ami Sylvia Augusta.

\ iter bis marriage, Mr. Rosenkrans purchased :i
farm of one hundred and six acres of bis father, upon
which be settled. Two Mars afterwards be bought
the farm owned by bis father-in-law prior to bis death,
Oontaining some two hundred and thirty acres, upon
vhich he resided until 1854. He then removed to
Flatbrookville, where he purchased property, erected
I Bouring-mill, saw -mill, and a hotel, all of which he

carried on until April 1, 1 874, when be retired from
the active duties of life and removed to Newton,
where be resides in 1 S.sn.

lie received little pecuniary . i his

father in starting out in life, and has, by bis industry,
economy, and judicious management, accumulated a
\ aluable property, a part of which consisted of some
four handled and twenty acres of land in Luzerne
Co., Pa., and two hundred and seventy-seven acres iii
Bradford (_'o., l'a.. besides other real estate. His life
has been one of aeth ily. and w holly devoted to busi-
UeSS pursuits.

Mr. Rosenkrans is known as a man of sterling in-
tegrity, jr I judgment, and keen perceptive faculties,

and ranked among the most enterprising bu-iin -
men on the Delaware in Sus-e\ County.

following in the line of his lather, he was formerly
a Democrat, but upon the organization of the Repub-
lican party in 1856 he adopted its principles, and has
remained a firm adherent of its platform since, lli-
lirst vote for President was casl lor Andrew Jackson,
and his last one for James A. Garfield.

In his township be lias been honored with most of
the offices of trust and responsibility in managing its
all un; and fir mail-, v-.-ars officiated as justice I the
peace and assessor.

-<i ) .J Q C» < u


The township of I tardj ston is located on the east-
em I. nr.ier oi the county, and adjacent to the Passaic
ami Morris County boundary line. In dimensions it
is 8 miles in length by 5 miles in breadth. It is

bounded north h\ Vernon and Wantage; south by

Sparta; east by Passaic and Morris Counties ; west bj
Wantage and Lafa} ette.

In point of population Hardyston takes a foremost
rank, the last census according her 2645 inhabitants,
which number is e\. led by but one of the town-
Blips of the county.

Hardyston is especially prodigal in the abundance
Bf her mineral products. Rich mines of iron and
zinc ore abound, which have been undergoing devel-
opment since their discovery, and whose veins and
deposits prove more abundant and valuable j. new

openings are made. To ibis fact the township in a
Measure owes its business enterprise. The eztensivi

works of the franklin Iron Company, located at the
hamlet of franklin furnace for the purpose of work-
ing the products of the mines, give employment to

1 Hv K. 0. W.i^nci.

man} laborers in their various departments. The ore
is here converted into pig iron, after which it is in

readiness for market.

The principal hamlet of the township is Hamburg.

One of the earliest settled points in the county, and
the scene of very active business enterprise. This
fact naturally rendered it attractive as a place of resi-
dence, and made it the s,. a i ,,(' much of the refine-
ment and culture of the county during the early part
of the century.

The township of Hardyston formerly embraced a

much larger area than at present, including Vcrmm
and a portion of Sparta. In IT'. 1 !', Vcrmm v.
apart, and the south part of Hardyston was. in 1845,
included within the boundaries of Sparta,

rhe total amount of taxes in Hardyston for the

hist year were $8065.07, which i~ distributed as fol-
low- :

si. md i mint; ta I

Townihlp tn.

nhool-tu 13.18.28



Aii accurate estimate of the financial status of the
to» oship is obtained from the above figures.




The soil of Hardyston is composed of a mingled
limestone and gneiss. Very little sand or clay is ob-
served, though a limited quantity of the former is
found near Hamburg, and a streak of the latter is
apparent near Franklin Furnace. The soil as a rule
is rich, and yields prolific crops.

Hardyston, like its neighboring townships, culti-
vates principally the dairy interest, for which it is
best adapted. The surface is mountainous. The Po-
chuck Mountain lies in the northwest corner, the
Wallkill making a detour around its base. This
mountain passes through Vernon and into Orange
Co., N. Y. Farther to the southeast are the Ham-
burg ranges, which extend from Franklin through
Hardyston into Orange County, becoming in Vernon
the Wawayanda range, and in Orange County the
Belle Vale Mountains. A portion of this range is
known as the Ames Mountain, from the fact that
Oakes Ames, of Boston, early developed its mining

The township is abundantly watered. The Wall-
kill River enters its limits from Sparta, near the Ster-
ling Hill mines, and pursues a westerly and south-
westerly course, passing into the Drowned Lands and
entering Vernon four miles below Hamburg. The
Drowned Lands of the Wallkill begin within a mile
of Hamburg and extend to New Hampton, in Orange
County. They are twenty miles in length, and in
localities five miles in width, being composed mainly
of fens and cedar swamps. They were somewhat mod-
ified in extent by drainage, which was attempted be-
tween Goshen and Middletown, in Orange County.*

Black Creek rises in Hardyston, flows northeasterly,
and empties into the Wallkill. The Pequannock, on
the eastern border, is a tributary of the Passaic River,
and follows a southeasterly course through the town-


The Haines family, if not among the oldest, may
be justly ranked as among the most distinguished)
families of Hamburg.

Hon. Daniel Haines was born in New York City,
Jan. 6, 1801, his father having been a merchant and
his mother a daughter of Robert Ogden, a counselor-
at-law of this county.

Mr. Haines was a member from this county of the
Governor's Council under the old constitution ; was
in 1843 chosen Governor, and again in 1847. He was
in 1852 made judge of the Supreme Court, which office
he held for two consecutive terms of seven years each.
After retiring from the bench he was appointed by
Governors of both parties to important judicial duties
upon commissions for the settlement of boundaries
and municipal affairs. Besides his legal attainments,
he had a well-earned reputation as a Christian philan-

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 83 of 190)