James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

. (page 84 of 190)
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* See "Drowned Lands of the Wallkill," in general history in former
part of this work.



thropist. He was made an elder of the North Har-
dyston Church in 1837, and often represented the
Rockaway Presbytery in the New School General
Assembly.

Governor Haines possessed a genial nature, which
won for him many friends. He was largely identified
with the interests of Hamburg, and evinced the
strongest affection for his home and its associations.
Four children an,d the widow still survive, though a
son, Rev. A. A. Haines, is the only member of the
family residing in the township. t

The Fowler family are of English ancestry. Long
Island, N. Y., was the scene of their settlement, as
early as 1665. A branch of the family removed to
Newburg, N. Y., and from them Dr. Samuel Fowler
was descended. After a thorough academic and pro-
fessional training he removed, in 1800, to Hamburg.
After pursuing the practice of medicine for a while
in the latter place he repaired to Franklin, where he
remained until his death, in 1844. He was spoken of
by his cotemporaries as possessing "an acute per-
ception, a vivid imagination, a very judicial mind,
and original power of thought, which placed him, in
his chosen profession, far in advance of his day."
He was for many years owner of the iron-works at
Franklin Furnace, which in their various branches
he conducted while still devoting himself to the ar-
duous duties of his profession. As a mineralogist
and geologist he was highly estimated by leading
scientists of the country. The rare mineral known
as fowlerite was discovered by him, and named in his
honor by brother-mineralogists.

Early in life Mr. Fowler became interested in the
valuable mines and mineral localities of the region
in which he resided, and for many years made efforts
to bring them to the notice of the scientific world.
By his extensive correspondence with the naturalists
and generous distribution of minerals, he induced
men of science from all parts of the country to visit
the place. It was soon discovered that in this se-
questered region the rarest and most valuable Ameri-
can minerals were to be found, many of them peculiar
to these localities and found nowhere else in this
country or in Europe. He is supposed to have given
the appellation " franklinite" to the ore of iron now
so extensively known by that name, the great value
of which he foresaw, although no means of working
it with success were discovered during his lifetime.
He made it known to mineralogists by sending speci-
mens to all parts of this country, and to many eminent
naturalists in Europe, — among others, to Berzelius, of
Stockholm, and Professor Thompson, of Glasgow, by
whom it was analyzed, — and awakened an interest in
it which has since resulted in its successful develop-
ment and manufacture. The extensive zinc-mines of
Sussex, now worked with great profit, and affording the
only red oxide of zinc known in the world, were at this



f See fuller sketch of Governor Haines
Bar," ]ip. 183-186.



chapter i



HARDYSTON.



333



t i i n> owned by him, but were disposed of before bis
dcith. after a bnsf lif: of exceeding activity and
usefulness. Hi- remains :irr interred in the valley of
Hardyston, which near half a century before his death
In- -ought as a youthful stranger, with no fortune but
that which In- carried in hi- "« n brave heart, — a will
t.i nse with industry and fiith the talents wlnh
Providence had given him.*

Tin- Lawrence family are of English extraction,
Thomas Lawrence, the fifth of his name, having in

1780 re ved to Hamburg from Philadelphia, his

birthplace, and settled upon an extensive estate, to
the care of which In' devoted himself. He was also
i In- firsi postmaster commissioned at Hamburg.

Thomas Lawrence, his sun, tin- sixth of tin- name,
was born in Hamburg in 1789, and spent his life on
the ancestral property. He died in 1851, and was
buried in tin- North Church cemetery, where his re-
mains now repose.

The seventh of tin- family bearing the name of
Thomas is now tin- occupant of the homestead, where
In- was born, in 181 I. Hi- has devoted himself to the
improvement of his land, but has also engaged to a
limited extent in tin- labors incident to public life,
ha\ ing been -inn- 1861 a trustee of tin- State Normal
School, and in 1870 a member of the State Board of
Education. He is at tin' present time a member of
tin- State Senate from this county.

Walter Louis Shea resided at Oxford until L814,
when In- removed to Hamburg. He was made post-
master in 181 I, and judge of the Common Pleas of
Bussex in 1817. His death occurred in 1856. Helen"
no descendants in I In- township.

The Beardslee family numbered six brothers, of
whom John Beardslee Owned a tavern on the State
toad, west of the .North ehureh, and George followed
agricultural pursuits, occupying the (arm now owned
by Jacob Lantz. He also built a forge ami conducted
an extensive business.

Hosea .1. Hardin came of English ancestry. His
grandfather settled early in New England, from
whence he removed at a later date to Wantage, where

his grandson, Hosea .1., was horn, lb- removed to

llanlvston in 1882, and located on a farm purchased
of H. A. Linn, where he has since resided.
The Munson family removed to Hardyston at an

parly day. Israel, who wa- born within its limit-, in
1771, located at the foot of the Franklin Mountain,
where he followed farming. lb' had many children,

who resided in various parts of the county. Asa is
the sole representative in the township. Lmos,

another son, re-ides in Wantage.

Simon Wade, the first "f the name in Hardyston,
came from Morristoun, N. . I., and settled mi the farm

faow occupied by his descendants, where he lived and

■ lied, lie had I \\ " -mis, Aaron and ( 'harle-, the former



.



Soo farther roapocUng Dr. Powlor In hlitorj
i i Snauix"; Un - I Col - ii i ftrwlor, in ■



and ii-ii "



of whom removed to I'.elvidcre; Charles occupied the
homestead until hi- death, Jli- widow -till resides on
tin- estate.

Zebulon Sutton was among the early arrival-, and
located upon what was known a- the Kutherford

lands, which he cultivated ami rendered productive.

The family have since died or removed from the town-
.-hi]i. and the farm is at present occupied by Clark
Day.

David and Genet Kemble eatne from Passaic
County in Isiis, and located upon land now occupied

by Wallace, in the northwest part of Hard] Bton.

In 1824, Gerret Kemble purchased the homestead
upon which he now resides. This venerable gentle-
man is the oldest of the early settlers who still sur-
vive. David Kemble settled upon land which his

wife inherited, in the township, but biter re ved to

the West, and died in Iowa in 1876.
Michel Rorick, also a native of Passaic County,

purchased in 1765 an extensive tract of land in

Hardyston, upon which In- settled. The country was
then in a very primitive condition. Wolves were
abundant and tnade nightly visitations to the sheep-
fold, which necessitated the confinement of the shi ep

at night in caves built in the side of the hills. The
death of Mr. Rorick occurred in the township when
he was in his eighty-fourth year, lb- had four sons
and -i\ daughters, all of whom are now dead. Their
descendants -till reside in Hardyston.

James Scotl came but a few years later than Mr.
Rorick, and was also the proprietor of extensive
landed interests. None of his children survive, but
their descendants are among the present inhabitants
of Hardyston.

The fox family, who settled very early north of
Hamburg, in the northern portion of the town-hip,
have long since pa— ed away. A later generation re-
sides elsewhere in the county, but no members of the
family are found in Hardyston.

George and Reuben Buckley came about 1810, and

resided for a while in the southeast part of Hardyston.

The former removed to Warren I '. units, his present

residence, while Reuben died in the township.
Caleb Rude removed from Morris Countj in i77o;

he located over the mountain. Among his children

was Caleb, the younger -on. who purchased land at

the point known a- Rudeville, in the north part of the
township, and became prominent a- one of the mo-t

esteemed citizens "f Hardyston. He had ten chil-
dren, si\ of whom are -till residents of Hardyston.

.lame- Hopkins, an earlv settler, was of Kngli-h de-
scent, and on hi- advent to the town-hip became an

extensive landowner and trader of stock. He lived

in llardy-ton during his lifetime, and on hi- death
rendered each of his live children independent by tin'
gill of a farm.

David Newman made hi- advent about 1800, and

located in the north portion of the township. Hi-

-mis were .lames, John, Emanuel, and David.



334



SUSSEX COUNTY, NEW JERSEY.



Across the mountain lived the Ballou and La Foun-
tain families, both of Huguenot descent. They were
industrious farmers, and each has representatives still
in the township.

Samuel O. Price is a representative of the Price
family, whose history is more fully written in the
early settlement of Frankford township. His pro-
genitor was Robert Price, whose descendants removed
across the township line into Hardyston.

Stephen Ford Marjoram was born in Hamburg and
removed to Stockholm, where his death occurred in
1825. He conducted an extensive business, having
at one time a grist-mill, saw-mill, and forge, in which
thirty men were aiforded employment. He has three
sons in the county, David F., Noah H. (who occupies
the homestead), and Theodore F., of Deckertown.

Nathan Smith, for many years a resident of the
township, was born in 1777, and died in his eighty-
first year. He was the father of fourteen children, all
of whom were living in 1876, when their united ages
aggregated eight hundred and ninety-six years, — an
average of sixty-four years each. There were then
also ninety-three grandchildren, twenty-seven great-
grandchildren, and eight great-great-grandchildren.
The original fourteen embraced six sons and eight
daughters. One son, S. F. Smith, resides in Warren
County, eight children in Sussex County, and the re-
mainder in Pennsylvania, Ohio, and New York.

IV.— SCHOOLS.

The most strenuous efforts to obtain facts regarding
the first schools of the township have met with very
Uttle success, and the history of education in Hardy-
ston during the early part of the present century or
before that date has not been perpetuated.

The northeast part of the township seems to have
been especially enterprising in this direction, and the
earliest school now recalled was opened in a frame
building located upon the farm of Theodore Beards-
lee, and built for the use of the district. The first
instructor was a Mr. Marsh. The exact measure of
success he met with in his labors is not chronicled,
though tradition relates that his refractory pupils re-
quired a very rigid system of discipline.

A pedagogue of much fame at this period was
George Matthews, an Irishman by birth, who suc-
ceeded Mr. Marsh and left his impress upon the
youthful minds of the vicinity. Other teachers fol-
lowed, but their names are not recollected.

A school-house was early erected on the site of the
present building in Hamburg, though many of the
residents of the hamlet, being the possessors of ample
means, were desirous of affording their children a
more liberal education than was obtainable at the
public schools. As a consequence, a large number
received their early training at one or more of the
popular boarding or collegiate schools of the day.

The school territory of Hardyston is divided into
nine districts, as follows:



No.

Holland Mountain. 57

Rudeville 58

Hardystonville 69

North Church 60

Hamburg Gl

Snufl'towu 62

Monroe 63

Franklin 64

Willistino 65

These districts are in charge of the following corps
of teachers :

Holland Mountain, Jacob F. Wells; Rudeville, Laura A. Crissie ; Hardy-
stonville, J. Amanda Silver; North Church, Peter W. Van Blarcom;
Hamburg, B. C. McGee (principal), Letitia A. White (assistant) ;
Snufftown, Jerusha A. Smith ; Monroe, Jennie A. Shaw : Franklin,
C. J. Baxter (principal) ; Willistine, John Baxter.

The apportionment of school moneys to the several
districts of the township for the last year allots the
annexed amounts to each district :

Holland Mount $300.00

Rudeville 139.52

Hardystonville 365.00

North Church 300.00

Hamburg 700.17

Snufftown 350.00

Monroo 300.00

Franklin 1260.00

Willistino 159.89

The total amount of two-mill tax alloted to the
township is $2413.13 ; of State appropriation, $229.56 ;
of surplus revenue, $232.70 ; of school-tax, $1000. The
special district school-tax for 1880 was divided as fol-
lows: District No. 61, $300; District No. 59, $36;
District No. 64, $1000.

The following resignation of one of the early teach-
ers may be of interest :

"Mr. Sayre:

"Sir, — The illiberality of signing and the unreservedness of sending
to this school, together with sundry other prominent obstacles (the re-
capitulation of which is unnecessary), have reiteratedly suggested to mo
the practicability of relinquishing the idea of further attempting thus
unencoxtragedly to assist in the promotion of literature when its progress
is so essentially retarded by the shackles of iirbonvenieuce, the existence
of which is coetaneous of my scholastic labors in this vicinity. Accord-
ingly, I have concluded to terminate my tutorial exercise in this place
on the 14th day of this mouth.

" Yours, etc.,

" Alva Pasko.

"April, 1813."

V.— EARLY TAVERNS.

The earliest recollected tavern was erected on the
site of the present Smith's Hotel, in Hamburg, by
Robert A. Linn. A late landlord was John Warbasse,
and Stephen Ward, in 1837, exercised hospitality
within its walls. John Vanderhoff also presided for
a time as landlord.

Another hotel was located opposite the residence of
Dr. Linn, and was managed by Francis Hamilton.

A tavern was early built on the Paterson and Ham-
burg turnpike by Alexander Hamilton, and known as
the " Heights House," from its elevated site upon the
highest point of the Hamburg Mountains.

The stand now occupied by Alexander Carpenter,
at Hardystonville, is the site of an early tavern, but
tlie first landlord is not remembered.



HARDYSTON.



335



VI.— EAKLY HIGHWAYS.

The earliest road that traversed the township had
for its objective-points Newton and < roshen. Though
very early used as a puhlie highway, tin- exact date of
rey is not known. It entered the township at
the southwest corner, and, following a northerly
course, made its exit at the Wantage boundary line,
where it passed on t" Deckertown.

The earliest turnpike was known as the Paterson
and Hamburg turnpike; il entered the township
near the southeast corner, and. passing through the
bamlet known as Snufftown, pursued a uorthwesterly
course, then veered to the south and again to the

northwest, passing tlirongh Mainhiirg and OUl of the

township on its way to Deckertown.

a the following document ii appears that

Martin I. Ryerson was an early president of this

road :

" Hat stii, 1810.

"Sin,— At u meeting of tho stockholders ..f the I'm. r-.. n ,V Hamburg

Turnpike Company, at the I f Martin O. Ryoraon, Pompton, this

iluy, v..u were elected one of the directors f..r tin- pr lit \enr. A meet-

ins ..I tin- directors is requested at tho hoiue "f M. Q. Ryeroon, Pomp-
lon.on Monday, tho 28th ..f this Inst, at 11 o'ck. forenooD, at which
nwfHng yon in" directed to attend.

" By order of tho directors,

"MART1X I. BVEOSON,

" Prtt'tCt.
• in. -Mi~ LAwantoK, Esq.

» Monday, 28th."
During 1 S17 a highway was projected called the
" 1'oehnnck turnpike," to be built by subscription, the
amount of $25 having entitled the individual to one
share of the capital Btock. For some reason the road
eras never ipleted, though the following subscrip-
tion-list indicates the favor with which the project
was received :

"We whose nnmea are herebj fliihecrlbed do, for ourselves and our
legal representatives, promi<e to nay to the President and Directors of

the ' I'- I t. Turnpike I ompany' the ram •■< twonty-five dollars for

■very share <.i stock In tho said company set opposite i" "in nun - re-
in such manner and prop irtlons, and ;ti such times and place*,
b. determined by the said Presl lent and Directors:
" Aran, the 22nd, 1817.

"Nicholas Ryi - in, Bftoen shares

R, A l.i nine shares 22S

Thomas 0. Byera two shen - 60

Joseph Edi ul, two shares

Peter Ryen tour Hhurea I'm

Joseph Sburte, i..." shares 1""

John 8 Hopbern, one share 26

Robert Hlnchman, two sbam 60

Uriah I ll,on< I 28

Ill in, olghl iharea 200

Ehenexor To» asend, Ihroo shares - 7 •

Willi, .in Crnbtreo, four shares 1""

ih., b Chamberlain, two shares 80

John Glveria, ■ share 28

Soeanna B ihare

John It. II, two shares 80

Charles Baxter, three shares 78

Henry W, Owen, one share 28

Matthew Van Noetrand, to work through his land

Bent .ii n I. Qui. k, font shares 1<«'

WaSfa

Richard M, L Lawk share 28

Benjamin Hamtltoo, two shares 80

"John Langwell t.» work tin-. null Ids hind from whore »mo sacofnis
bushos was this day cut until u corners In the road noar the wry-Hold

when it baa i a chained this day, I

" Petei Byereon will pay one hundred dollan In nd.liti.ni t.>hl» former
assoasmont, |mviil.lo in liilM.r ..ii tin- r.'.id, (.i..i id... I it inn-, where .-r near
.ul that It was chained this day, 6th June, 1823, If It comas to
Ihe sun., point nt tli<< ..1.1 ham.

" Pnn lti . i



VII.— ORGANIZATION.

The town-hip of llar.h-ton was set off from New-
Ion in 1762, and erected by a royal patent as an inde-

[.. ii. |. nt town-hip.

VIII.— CIVIL LIST.

The records in possession of the township clerk

begin with 1864. It is therefore not possible to give

the civil list Of HardystOU for an earlier date.

I'lll'.KIIoI.I'l RS.
l-i "Asa Munson; 1866, J. B Honell; I8S1 M, Asa Munson; 1860-
QnB.Monoll; 1- 1. W illiun II. I l-.n; 1805-08, Asa Munson;
1800, WUliam II. Edsell; 1870, Asa Munaon, W. II. Edsall; 1871-72,
William II. Edsall, Asa Munson; 1873, As* Munson, James G.Scott;
1-71-7 . A-.. Munson, Alexander Carpenter; 1876, Horace E. Bude,
W. S. Longstrcet ; 1877, Horace E. Rode, Alexander Carpenter; 1878,
Horn..- I I.' . I i i.iniii II. Rlsull; 1879-80, Horace E. Bude,

gc W. Rude.

T..\s NSllll' .'l.i RES.
[861 59, William II. Edsall; 1860-61,8. M. Stall; 18618, William II. Ri-
al 1663 64 John l Sim] : 181 5 67, W. II. Bdeall; 1868, II. 0.

fowler; 1869-71, J. P. Simpson; ls7J, Hugh Strnble; 1*7. 1-74, James
K. Smith ; 1876-78, John F. Simpson; 1879-80, Martin J. Welsh.

COLLEi tTOBfl
l&TVi-M, Alexander Carpenter; 1800-04, George J. Bude: 1*05-66, H. J.
Harden; 1867,JohnB.Monell; 1868-71,0 .S Beudalee; 1872, George
W. Green 1873 76, William s. Longstreet; 1-7... Robert Simpson;
1877-8", John P. Wilson.

aSSESSOBS.
1854-57, Nicholas S.Cx; is'. i, I) it Edsall ; 1861-67, John Gibson;
1868-71, 1". at. Ward; 1872-80, Jesse Dennis.

-I II :i;ISTEXDF.NTS OF SCHOOLS.
1854-55, Joel Campbell ; 1886, Rot. J. Campbell ; 1857-69, Thomas C. Ells-
ton ; 1860-1',.'!, Horace Bude; 1864-C.r., F. M. Ward.

SURVEYORS OF HIGHWAYS.
i 1855-60, B.H.Kays, John Ml ins in; 1861 62, B. H. Kays, William Cox';
1803, Levi Cough-tun, George B. Stall ; 1S64, George B. Stall, Levi
Couglcton; 1865-00, Asa Munson, Samuel McCoy; 1867-71, Alex-
ander i hi ul- 1. lea Munson ; 1872, James G. S tt, u. viudcr Car-
penter; 1873, Alexander Carpenter, Stephen Smith; 1874, Stephen
Smith, Jacob Smith; 1876, Stephen Smith, Abram Shorter; 1-7.,
Stephen Smith, John E. Cougleton : 1877-78, Stephen Smith, Seely

Simpson ; 187B, E. M. K mil, William II. Dunn : 1880, E. A, Caso,

K. M. Kimball.

Vni— VILLAGES AND HAMLETS.
HAHBI RG

The village of Eamburg, though inconsiderable in

the matter of population, has been since its early
settlement the centre of a cultivated and intellectual
bouiI organisation and has in thi liotol tta uhzmz
who have been honored in the gift of high civil
offices a Governor and several congressmen, senators,
1 -iditor and judicial dignitanss. Ihe older in-
habitants have passed away, and the reminiscences
left behind afford but little light upon the past It is

then lore difficult to afford the reader many facts of

interest regarding the early settlement of Hamburg.

The earliest pioneer within its limits w: is Joseph
Walling, who came in 1 7-"><» and ere. ted a apacioua

. ,,u the sile 11. iW neeupied hv the dwelling nf

Richard E. Edsall. It ha- been suggested that he was
an early landlord, though this (act is not clearly es-
tablished. The house was afterwards enlarged and



336



SUSSEX COUNTY, NEW JERSEY.



occupied by Martin Ryerson, who came early to the
village of Hamburg and, with the exception of the
present Haines estate, owned most of the property
embraced within its precincts. The Ryerson family
are of Huguenot extraction, and settled in New Jer-
sey at least one hundred and fifty years ago. There
are many branches of the family in the county, all
doubtless of the same origin. Martin Ryerson was a
man of means, and of influence in the township.
He remained in Hamburg during his lifetime, and
the property he owned was ultimately purchased by
Robert A. Linn.

The Simpson family came at an early date and en-
gaged in farming pursuits. They were for years rep-
resented in the township, but have now no descend-
ants within its borders. Robert A. Liun, who was a
son-in-law of Martin Ryerson, removed to Hamburg
in 1818, from Newton, and engaged in mercantile
pursuits on the site of the store at present occupied
by Edsall, Chardavoyne & Co. John Linn also made
his advent at the same time. Both these gentlemen
were actively identified with the growth of the ham-
let, and exercised a considerable influence in the
township. The latter was a representative in Con-
gress from his district. Dr. Alexander Linn was a
physician of prominence, and had an extensive coun-
try practice. The descendants of this family are still
residents of the village.

Joseph Sharp came to Hamburg as early as 1790,
and, being possessed of ample means, soon made his
presence felt in the community. He erected a spa-
cious residence, which was later occupied by the late
Governor Haines, and built also an extensive flouring-
mill on the Wallkill River. Mr. Sharp was not suc-
cessful in his mercantile ventures, and retired from
business financially, though not seriously, embar-
rassed. He removed to Vernon, where his death oc-
curred. His grandchildren still reside in the town-
ship.

Col. Joseph E. Edsall, another of the energetic prim-
itive settlers, came as early as 1830 ; he erected a store-
house beyond the Haines residence, and also built a
furnace on the site of the present paper-mill. This
was in its day a considerable industry, employing
about 70 men, and producing 5 tons of pig iron per
day. He also erected a blacksmith-shop, with several
buildings for his workmen. Col. Edsall did much
for the improvement of the village by his extensive
business connections. He was also an aspiring and
successful politician, and served a term in Congress.

Robert Lewis came soon after, built a storehouse,
and conducted for a while a mercantile business.

Richard E. Edsall became a resident of Hamburg
in 1837, and was for a brief period associated with
Col. Edsall, after which lie embarked in trade. The
family were of English descent, and settled in Bergen
County, from whence they came to Vernon and Har-
dy ston.

Benjamin Hamilton came to Hamburg during the



latter part of the last century, and intermarried with
the family of Col. Edsall. He had two sons, Robert
and Benjamin, each of whom attained some measure
of public distinction. Both were representatives in
the State Legislature, and the former was also elected
to Congress in 1873. He removed to Newton, where
he became a prominent member of the bar of Sussex
County. His death occurred in 1878.*

The village at present has three stores adapted to a
general country trade, kept by Messrs. Edsall, Char-
davoyne & Co., Smith Brothers, and Philip M. Bird.
Charles H. Linn is the proprietor of a drug-store, and
John Linn controls the hardware business. There
are in addition three blacksmith-shops, two wheel-
wright-shops, one harness-shop, a coal- and lumber-
yard owned by V. Warbasse & Co., a creamery in the
vicinity which consumes the milk of five hundred
cows, and two hotels, kept by J. K. Smith and Na-



Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 84 of 190)