James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

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1879. Theodore died at an early age ; William still
resides at the McAfee Valley, and the daughter, Mrs.
Carlos Allen, is a resident of Vernon. Christopher
and Samuel Simonson arrived at the same date with
Simon, before mentioned, the former of whom located
upon the farm now occupied by James E. Rhodes,
where, he kept a hotel. He has two sons, Joseph and
Christopher, still in the township.

Joseph Perry was an early settler and a large land-
owner, possessing a tract which is said to have em-
braced two miles in its length. He had three sons,
John, William, and Thomas, and one daughter. John
lived and died in Vernon, as did also his sons. The
descendants of these sous all removed from the town-
ship. The daughter left children, who are principally
of the Simonson family.

Charles Backster came from Wantage in 1815 and
settled near Glenwood, where he purchased a farm
and remained during his lifetime. He left four sons
and two daughters, of whom John and Sharp are still
in Vernon. The former resides on the homestead.

The Chardevoyne family, as their name indicates,
are of French descent, and resided early in New York
City. William Chardevoyne made his advent in Ver-
non before the Revolutionary war, his father having
caused his removal to New Jersey as a place of safety
during the impending conflict. He remained for a
while in Hamburg, and was occupied for a brief time
in mercantile pursuits in the vicinity. In 1808 he
located at Glenwood, where he engaged in farming,
and died two years later, leaving a family of five sons
and two daughters, of whom Robert and Henry are
still residents of the township. Robert purchased, in
1830, the farm near McAfee Valley upon which he
now resides ; Henry is located up the Pochuck Moun-
tain.

James Edsall located, about 1770, on the line be-
tween Vernon and Hardyston. He was one of the
patriots of the Revolution, and on the close of the
conflict resumed farming pursuits, which he con-
tinued until his death. He left seven sons, who set-
tled in the county, many of them being in Hardyston.
Of these sons, Richard still survives, in his eightieth
year. A daughter, Mrs. Sallie Hamilton, recently
died in her ninety-fourth year.

Gilbert Drew removed from Connecticut in 1810
and located upon the farm now owned by Mrs. Ed-
ward Simpson, in the west portion of the township,
lie successfully followed farming pursuits Cor many



years, and died at the residence of his son Isaac. Gil-
bert Drew had twenty children, of whom fourteen
reached mature years. Two of these, Isaac and Gil-
bert, still survive and reside in the township. Seven
of these children were originally settlers in Vernon.

Timothy Force came at a period from Monmouth
County identical with that of Mr. Drew, and pur-
chased the farm now owned by William Riggs and
occupied by his son, upon which he lived until his
death. Of his six children, a daughter, Mrs. Bates,
is the ouly resident of Vernon.

An early settler named Sprague located upon the
present residence of Samuel B. Edsall, having culti-
vated an extensive tract of land which he purchased.
He had three sons, none of whom are now in Vernon.

Ichabod Tompkins came in 1802, and became a
resident of a portion of the Sprague lands. His
death occurred many years since, and the family are
not now represented in Vernon.

Near Mr. Tompkins lived the Townsend family,
who were both farmers and millers. None of the
members of this family remain in Vernon.

John Longwell, an emigrant from New England, at
an early day located north of Vernon village, where
he remained until his death, upon land purchased by
him. He had four sons and four daughters. Of these,
Charles is the only representative in Vernon.

William Green made his advent prior to the Revo-
lutionary war, in which he served. His residence is
now the home of Peter N. Ryerson. Three of his
children settled in New York State, and a son, Wil-
liam, remained in Vernon, where he still lives, as do
also two grandchildren.

One of the earliest representatives of business en-
terprise was Nicholas Ryerson, son of Hassel Ryer-
son, who had four sons, Nicholas, Peter, Hassel, and
John. He left Paterson, N. J., in 1785, for Vernon,
and located upon an extensive farm, now owned by
Peter N. Ryerson and a son-in-law, P. G. Brown. In
addition to his farming pursuits he erected and eon-
ducted a distillery, a fulling-mill, a grist-mill, a black-
smith-shop, and a tannery.

Mr. Ryerson dealt largely in produce, having been
the principal purchaser of the products of the neigh-
borhood, which ultimately found a market in Pater-
son, N. J. He engaged with Daniel Drew, the cele-
brated financier, in stock operations involving heavy
losses, and also purchased at an early day large quan-
tities of grain for distilling. The close of the war of
1812 lessened the demand for liquors, and Mr. Ryerson
was obliged to effect a compromise on his purchases,
which caused great financial embarrassments. He
met with successive reverses, but was enabled by
energy and activity again to recuperate his lost for-
tunes. Mr. Ryerson died in Deckertown, at the resi-
dence of his daughter, in his eighty-sixth year.

Paul Farber was of German extraction, and chose
a home in Vernon as early as 1785, having located on
the Hamburg Mountain, in the southern portion of



VERNON.



349



the township. Much of the land was marshy and
difficult of cultivation. Mr. Farber bad tlir.-.- boiie
and three daughters, all of whom settled near him.

Two sons latrr removed to Ohio, and Israel remained

in Vernon, and died in 1*7-!. Pour of his children
are now residents of the township.

Aaron I'.lanelianl came from Wantage ill 1815, and
removed to the farm now occupied by Joseph Sammis,
in the northwest pari of the township, near the Wall-
kill. Me it) 1X40 repaired to Morris Comity, where

he died in his ninety -ond year. A son, Samuel, i-

.still in Vernon, and residing with his son, Aaron S.
Blanchard.

Richard .S. Denton came from Goshen in 1X27, and
settled on the Vernon Mountain, near Canisteer. He
Inter removed to the village, where his death occurred
in IXII4. lie left three children, one of whom, Rich-
ard 6., remained in Vernon village and engaged in
mercantile pursuits.

.loli it De Kay i- the son of Francis, and the grand
son of Willet 1 >e Kay. who had :i large family of SOUS

and daughters. Francis was born in 177ti, and re-
sided on the h Mine-lead owned by Willet, be to re men-
tioned. The survivors of this branch of the family
are John De Kay and a sister, who resides with him.
Joseph (Vailing was an early and extensive land-
owner. He had two sons, Francis and Joseph, the
latter of whom removed to Indiana. Francis and his
family located in I Grange Co., N. Y. Of his seven sons,

Vincent remained in the township, and died upon the
farm now occupied by hi- -on Francis.

Nathan Toinpkin-. a soldier of the Revolution, came
6 Mollis County in 1792, and was a former occu-
pant of the farm of William I lampbell, where he die. I.

Hi- children were two -on- and a daughter.
Benjamin Edsall found attractive land on the county

line, adjacent to Orange County, where he located in
I St.H I, or possibly previous to that time. Of his family

of si\ sons and four daughters, Benjamin, Thomas,
and David died in the township. Joseph P., theson
of David, resides LJ miles north of McAfee Valley.

Joseph Simpson was born in the township, :i- early
:i- Can be determined, in 1760, and lived on the farm

owned bj hi- -on during hi- lifetime. He had twelve
children, but two of whom -a Bon, Robert, and
daughter— survive. The former resides upon the home-
stead. Another son, William, dieil in the township in
is;;, in his eightieth year, lie i- the fathi r of Wil-
liam Simpson, of \\,\ fee Vallej .

Abniiii Rude, a -on of Caleb Rude, of Hardyston,
came as earl; a- 1808, and resided upon the property
now occupied 1>\ his children.

Two of the mosl venerable residents of Vernon are

Adam Smith and William RiggS, both of whom have

marly reached their ninetieth year. The formi I I
tides at i lanisteer, and still preserves his mental \ igor
to a remarkable degree. Mr, Riggs is the son of Zenas
Rigg , :i weaver, whose arrival from Morris County
occurred in 1790. lie located in the southwest portion



of the town-hip, but ultimately removed to the Ver-
non Mountain- to rid himself of annoying neighbors.

Here In- died in 1847, in bis eighty-eighth year. Tlii-
oiilv survivor of a family of seven children is William,

already mentioned, who resides with his -on Horace
on the farm purchased in 1821.

John Seward, a man of much enterprise, came in

nd resided on the farm occupied by F.lia- II.

RiggS. In 1812 he departed for tin- West with his

family. The late distinguished William II. Seward

\\:i- descended from this stock.

William Crabtrce was among the earliest settlers,
and occupied the farm on which his son William now
resides. Another son, John, is a resident of Vernon
village.

James Green— Somewhat famous anion;.' old resi-
dents for his eccentricities — came from England, and
was induced by the heavy duty on copperas during
the war of 1812 to embark in its manufacture, lb
erected I urge works for the purpose, near the residence

of Samuel 1>. Edsall, but did not find his investment
a lucrative one. He also purchased an extensive farm,
on which -alt was largely used to eradicate the wed-.

The land was in some localities so marshy a- to make

the u-e of horses impossible, and two stalwart men of

Hibernian extraction wen- substituted. Mr. < :reen on

hi- death left One SOU, who now resides iii the town-
ship.

John Heborn, who came to Vernon in 1X10, resided
on the farm now occupied by Barnet Drew, upon
which he died, as did also bis only son. He is recol-
lected from the peculiar team which he drove, com-
posed of a horse and a bull.

William Bailey purchased a farm on the Vernon
Mountain in 1810. He later removed to Paterson,
where his death occurred.

John Williams also Bettled upon the Vernon Moun-
tain, lie had three sons, Isaac, John A., and Abram,
the former two of whom are >till engaged in farming

pursuits in the same locality .

Silas Garner came about 1 ^ 1 - p , and lived upon the

presi nt farm of i Silbert I Irew . w here he was both har-
ness-maker and agriculturist. I hi this place his death
occurred, ami the children have since removed from
the t"» n-hip.

James Paddock was also an early resident, though
no representative of the family is now living in Ver-
non.

David Hynard came to the township, when eigh-
teen years of age, from Westchester County, and ac-
quired the trade of a fuller in the mill erected by
Thomas 1 >e Kaj , which he afterwards purchased. I [e

married a daughter of the third Thomas De Kay, and

afterwards resided upon the homestead, to which he
removed in 1829. His son, together with the widow,

is now the occupant of the farm.

('apt. Vihbert came from New York State early

during the present century, and erected the residence
now occupied by Theodore W I. in Vernon. He



350



SUSSEX COUNTY, NEW JERSEY.



was a sea-captain, and purposed relinquishing the
perilous life of the sea for the quiet of his home. He
was induced to make a last voyage, and was lost on
his return trip while in sight of New York Harbor.

Richard Kimble married into the De Kay family,
and chose a residence in the township about 1810.
He pursued the calling of a tanner, and died in the
township. None of the family remain in Vernon.

Ebenezer Owens purchased of one Derm Decker, in
1790, a tract of land a portion of which is now the
farm of Gabriel W. Houston. He had five children,
of whom Isaac located on the homestead. The latter
had two children, Henry O. and Susan. The former
removed to Elmira, N. Y., and the latter became Mrs.
Gabriel Houston. The son of the latter now occupies
the land.

Abram Van Winkle settled near Glenwood at an
early day, and died upon the farm originally pur-
chased by him. It is now in possession of his son
William.

John Rutherford, though not an early settler in
Vernon, became an extensive landowner. This land
he divided into farms, which is now worked by ten-
ants. Since the death of Mr. Rutherford the property
has passed to other members of the family, who reside
in the township during a portion of the year.

IV.— SCHOOLS.

The venerable William Riggs, whose recollections
extend back earlier than those of any other resident,
describes the first school as having been located at
the village of Vernon in the year 1800. The building
was a frame one, of very primitive construction, and
located in the centre of the hamlet, northwest of the
present edifice. The home of Mr. Riggs was at this
time on the top of the mountain, from which he rode
the whole distance of 3J miles on his sled.

An early teacher was named Love ; he became ill
while engaged in his customary duties and retired to
his home, where he soon after died. His successor
was Benjamin Curry, who was followed by an instruc-
tor of Irish descent.

Another early school, established in 1810, was lo-
cated at McAfee Valley. Each patron signed for the
scholars sent, and paid a proportionate sum to the
pedagogue. Two brothers named Pinckney were
early engaged as teachers at this school, one of whom
was later employed at Hamburg. Another instructor,
named John Hammill, followed, who pursued the
custom then in vogue and "boarded 'round." He
had a famous horse, christened "School-Boy," who
was a pet of the scholars, and held in great admira-
tion by them. Mr. Hammill held sessions of the
school each alternate Saturday, much to the disgust
of the scholars. His successor was Absalom Vale,
who kept a book with solutions to the "sums" in
arithmetic within easy reach, and drew much of his
inspiration from this primer.

A school was established at Glenwood during 1815.



The building was a frame one, of limited dimensions,
and stood on the site of the Baptist church. It was
later superseded by a more pretentious edifice, located
half a mile north of the former one. The earliest
teacher was named Curtis ; he was successful in his
profession, and was engaged for several terms. He
afterwards became a Universalist minister. John
Blan and a Mr. Donaldson were his successors.

The present school territory of the township is
divided into the following districts, and the apportion-
ment of school moneys to each is as follows :

Selma $139.06

Cherry Ridge 128.:i7

Canisteer 325.00

Williams 133.00

Vernon 325.00

Price 183.27

Longwell 209.79

Glenwood 325.00

McAfee 325.00

Independent 325.00

Milton 181.13

Sprngue 101.93

Pullis 108.33

Parker 153.37

Wawayauda 115.57

Total $1199.09

The amount of the State appropriation for school
purposes is $175.77, and of the surplus revenue fund
allotted to the township $188.69.

V.— EARLY ROADS.

No definite information regarding early roads is
obtainable. A highway passed through Snuiftown,
and, entering the township at the southwest, passed
through McAfee Valley and on to Vernon, from
whence it wended its way to Orange County. .

Another, of nearty as early a date, connected Ham-
burg with Vernon. The period of survey of these
highways is not a matter of record.

The road territory of Vernon is divided into sixty-
one districts, each in charge of an overseer.

VI.— CIVIt LIST.
The only records of Vernon rescued from destruc-
tion are here given :

FREEHOLDERS.

1850-51, Frederic Arvis, William D. Giveus; 1852-54, William 1). Givens,
William Campbell ; 1855, William Campbell, John F. Ryeraon ; 1850,
Charles S. Longwell, Edward Be Kay ; 1857-58, 0. S. Longwell, John
Baird; 1859, Abram C. Rutan, William Campbell; 1800-03, Norton
Hunt, Abram C. Rutan ; 1864, C. S. Longwell, Norton Hunt; 1865-00,
Norton Hunt, Joseph S. Little; 1867-70, Thomas T. Simonson, George
Barker; 1871-74, William Owen, George Parker; 1875, William Owen,
John A. Williams; 1876-77, B. II. Smith, George Parker; 1878,
Thomas T. Simonson, George Parker; 1879, Thomas T. Simonson,
Nathan B. Giveus; 1880, Amos. M. Fatber, Nathan B. Givens.

TOWNSHIP CLERKS.

1850-53, Price Van Nostrand ; 1854-55, Lorenzo Demurest ; 1S56, William
II. Hynard; 1857-58, John Baird; 1859-70, T. T. Simonson; 1871,
Frank Campbell; 1872-73, John Givens; 1874-76, Frank H.Camp-
bell ; 1877-78, Charles W. Shaw; 1879, Albert P. Shaw, 1880, Smith
Simpson.

ASSESSORS.

1800, Jackson D. Jay ; 1851-52, Henry W. McCausloy ; 1853, Jackson D.
Jay ; 1854, E. S. Tompkins; 1855, Price Van Ostrand ; 1850-68, T. T.
Simonson: 1869-64, Joseph S. Martin; 1805-66, Peter N. Ryerson ;
1807-73, Jacob V. Little; 1874-76, Aaron Blauchard; 1876-78, Aaron.
S. Blancliard ; 1879, Lewis Martin ; 1880, Harrison II. Do Kay.



VERNON.



351



H'l.I.li TOISS.
1860-62, Atirnni Butan; 1863, John s. Long-well; 1864, Abram Butan;
1855, Harrison Do Kay; 1888 '. Abram Baton; l- 54. Henr)
force; 1866 68, Robert Simpson; 1867 78, Barnetl Drew; 1874 78,
Amos M. Furlier; 1879-80, Gabriel W. Houston.

JTJSTII E8 "i Tin. PI v I

1850, Coorgo w. HunllloD, Kvi B. Tompkins, Adam Smith, Sm I

Glvona; 1852, Jolin Baird; I860, William Simpson, Jr., William
Campbell, George W, Rhodes, Christian D. Day; 1866, William
Campbell, William Simpson, Jr., Isan Williams, Gi irgi W. Rhodes;
1870, William Simpson, Jr. William Campbell, Gi >rg< W, Rhodes,
Isaac Williams; 1874, Ar Parker; 1876, William Campbell, Wil-
liam 8 in, Jr., Warren Birdsell, Nelson B lea; 1880, William

Siui|>»m, Albert I". Shaw.

BOB VETOES OF HIGHWAYS.
I860, Abnsr Tuland, Nicholas K Byorson; 1861, AbnerTolnnd, Viucenl

P. Walling; 1862, A! r Tolond.T. T. Bim ■ ■, Abner

T.ilaml, Bamnel Glrcns; 1866, David Height, John W. Smith ; 1857
68, David Halght, Barnetl Drew; 1868 60, Gilbert Drew, John K
Glveim; 1861, Gilbert Drew, David Halght; 1862-63, Gilbert Drew,
Sumind l>r.w; 1-..I .,'. i.ill.n In.-w, IVd-r N. Ryersou ; 1870-71,
William Campbell, Gilbert Drew; 1872 74, laron Blancbard, Wil-
liam Campbell; 1877 7'.. Qlltwrl Drew, Henry s Otter; 1877-78,
Petoi v Ryerson, Henrj S. t ttet : 1879, John Morehouse, William
Van Winkle; 1880, John Morehouse, William Van Winkle.

VII. — VILLAGES AMi HAMLETS.
vil LAG! "i \ BBNON.

It is difficult i" determine, in the absence of au-
thentic facts regarding the early settlement of the

village, who were the earliest arrivals within its lim-
its. It is probable thai the advent of the Campbell
and Winana families was identical, both having come
during the war of the Revolution, or a short time after.
William Winans was the father of a numerous family
of sons, and was an early host in the village, his
tavern having been the popular resort of the day.

The history of the family has been elsewhere given

more fully.

The Campbell family ar.' of Scotch descent. The
first of the race to settle in Vernon was William
Campbell, who located on a trad of land now in
possession of his grandson, William Campbell. The
elder ( 'ampin II served in the war of the Revolution,
ami on the declaration of peace made Vernon his
permanent abiding-place. His half-brother, < leorge,

held a ( imission as surgeon in the army, and on

retiring from the service purchased the property,

which was formerly in possession of Tories and had

been confiscated. William Campbell had five sons,

hut one of whom. Kile, survive-; lie resides in Mmi-

mouth County. John, another son, located ii| the

homestead, which is now occupied bj his son, Wil-
liam Campbell.
Many representatives of the older families of the

township now reside in the hamlet, though their ad-
vent has occurred at a comparatively late date, which
precludes their being numbered among it- earlj set-
tlers.

No trace of the beginning of mercantile enterprise
in Vernon can he discovered, lii i s io lb,, place con-
tained three stores, two blacksmith-shops, two wheel-
wright-shops, a grist-mill, and two cheese-factories,
and the population was about 200.



It has made but little advance since that time, and
ha- now two general stores, owned by B. S. Denton

and George E. Shorter: two black-milli — hop-, eon-
diet.,! by < leorge I. and Charles Wood ; two wagon-
Bhops; one grist-mill, owned by Benjamin Harri-
son : and a hotel, of which Peter Smith is landlord.

The physician of the hamlet is 1 >r. Carlos Allen,
whose advent occurred in 1845, and who enjoy- an
extensive practice in the vicinity.

The village is situated in marly the centre of the
town-hip, west of the Wawayanda .Mountain-, in one

of the most picturesque localities of the neigh', irhood.

I AMSTLKK.

This is a mere settlement, located in the southeast

corner of the township, the pioneer of which W8S the
venerable Adam Smith. At an early day an exten-
sive forge w;ts located here, and a water-power of con-
siderable-magnitude was fed by a scries of pond- lyinir
to the northward. The iron mine, for BOme time
worked, is now dormant. No trace of enterprise
remains in the hamlet.

HcAFEB VALLEY.

The earlie-t purchaser of land at this point, so far as
can be learned, was John Wilkins, who was for a long
period possessor of a tract of which 2.40 acres was
conveyed to Ebenezer Townsend in 1826. There -till
remained 7.71 acres, which was purchased by Samuel
McAfee, who conducted a blacksmith- and wagon-
shop, and was for a time the oracle of the neighbor-
hood ; from him the hamlet derived its name. Mr.
McAfee sold to Robert Martin and wife, who conveyed
to William Benjamin, from whom the property was

transferred to Stephen Smith, who was for a brief time

the ow hit, and later sold to William Simpson, who in
turn conveyed to William Simpson, Jr.. the present
owner.
Stephen Smith, about lsr.i, built a tavern, which is

still -landing, and which wa- in 1858 sold to William
Simpson, and later became the property of his sun,
who was its popular landlord. lie was followed by
Nathaniel Garrison, and later by Gasper Carr. Oscar
Simpson afterwards filled the role of host to the trav-
eling public, and was succeeded by S. C. Wright.
The last owner w:us Thomas Drew, since which time
it has been closed.

A very early blacksmith— hop was among the in-
dustries of the place : its owners rivaled those of the
tavern in the rapidity of their succession. It was de-
molished, and a more spacious one substituted in 1 son
by William Simpson, w ho, also, in 1856 erected a store

on the opposite side of the road, which he still con-
ducts, and which enjoys an extensive patronage from
the SUrrOUnding country. There were also a shoe-

shop, a wheelwright-shop, a harness-shop, and a

■ per-shop.

\ school-house was erected in 1840, which In the
course of years became old and dilapidated, and was

replaced in 1 S 7S by a new and more convenient cdi-



352



SUSSEX COUNTY, NEW JERSEY.



fice, 'which is among the most attractive in the town-
ship. A new hotel was built by Mr. Simpson in 1873,
the store having been rebuilt the year previous.

The present business enterprise of McAfee Valley
consists of the store above named, a hotel, the land-
lord of which is W. C. Bird, one blacksmith-shop, kept
by E. F. Kyerson, and a wheelwright-shop, managed
by H. Wilcox.

McAfee Valley derives some consequence from the
fact that it is the terminus of both the Warwick Val-
ley and the Sussex Railroad, each of which has a
comfortable depot at the station.

William Simpson holds the commission as post-
master of the hamlet, and is also station-agent.

White Bock Lime and Cement Company. — Among
the most prominent business enterprises of McAfee
is the White Rock Lime and Cement Company. The
business was first established in 1872 by Messrs.
Rosewall & Beardsley, and the following year or-
ganized as a company under a charter granted by the
State. The material used in the process of manufac-
ture is obtained from the farm of Robert Charde-
voyne, in the township of Vernon, and barreled at
their kilns, near the hamlet of McAfee, from whence
it is shipped. The kilns have a capacity of 35 bar-
rels of lime per day for chemical and manufacturing
uses, and 25 bushels for purposes of agriculture. The
material is shipped in barrels manufactured by the
company, and the market is found in Sullivan and
Ulster Cos., N. Y., in Newark, and in Paterson.

GLENWOOD.

Glenwood is pleasantly situated, at the opening of
the valley leading from the Wawayanda Valley to-
wards Deckertown, and near the point where the
Wawayanda crosses the New York and New Jersey
State line. It has two churches, — Methodist and



Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 88 of 190)