James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

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frame buildings, leaving to succeeding generations
the resumption of stone after its abandonment by
their ancestors.

What probable motive induced the early construc-
tion of the Fradenburgh residenceor fort? Undoubt-
edly its isolation, it being located about midway be-
tween the Neversink settlement- and the Minisink
settlement on the Delaware below. Aside from serv-
ing: as a defense against Indians and Tories, it
played an important part in the border troubles with

the would-be citizens of Orange County, furnishing a

-al. as well as convenient rendezvous for loyal Jersey-
men near the present line, established in 1 77 1. Since

the Revolution it has answered the single purpose of

a residence for its several owners.

IV.— ORGANIZATION.
The township of Montague was erected by royal
patent in the year 17.">'.i.

V.— CIVU, LIST.
Montague is no exception to most of the townships
Of the county in the preservation of her civil list.



Tl arlv records have suffered destruction at the

hand- of their custodians, and nothing of a date
prior to 1867 can be offered the reader.

holders, Peter A. Van Sickle, Joseph Shinier; Township
i l.rk, James E.Cole; Assessor, Martin Cole; Collector, Tlio«.
Penrj ; Surreyoraol Highway*, James Cole, Jr., Wallen Wain-
wright.

Iscx.-Frecholdcrs. Peter A. Van Sickle, Joseph Bhlmer; Township
Clerk, James E. Cole; A-. - <.i. .Muni., c.le; Collector, Thou.
Perry; Bnrreyoreof Highways, James ode, Jr., Wallen Wain-
wright.

Beholden, Joseph 8. Vau Auken, Amoa Townaend ; Townahip
Clerk, James E. Cole ; Assessor, Martin Cole; Collector, Joseph
Shinier; surveyor of Highways, Samuel Cortright.

1870 I i. .holders, Peter A. House, Joseph S. Van Auken; Assessor,
Mmim Colo; Collector, Joseph Shlmer; Surveyors of High-
way*. Joshua ' ■■]•■. I I Hi.—

1871.— Freeholders, Amos Tjrwnsend, .1- S. Van Auken ; Township Clerk,
Charlea Wells; Assessor, Martin Cole; c„i lector, Joseph Shl-

r: Bnrrey f Highways, Samuel Cortrlgbt, George Perry.

1872 Freeholders, Amos Townseud, James K. Cole; Township Clerk,

Pelei \ II •"- '. * ir, Martin Cole: Collector, Joseph Sht-

i . Surveyor* of Highways, Samuel Cortright, Alma Terry.

187.1.— Freeholders, Jamee E. c,,ie, Anus Townaend; Township clerk,
Wllhelniui Westfall; Assessor, Martin Cole; Collector, Joseph
Shiner. Snrveyr- ..I Highways, William N..,.p:i", I'. >.
House.

i-Ti. Freeholders, James Dole, A Townaend; Township Clerk,

Wilh. in. as Westfall; Assessor, Martin Dole; Collector, Joseph
Shlmer; Surreyoraof Highways, William Ne.irpa»s, 1'auiel s.
House.
1875.— Freeholders, Josoph S Van Auken, Jacob Shinier; Township
Clerk, Martin V. Westbrook; Assessor, Martin Cole; Collector,
Joseph Shinier; Surveyors of Highways, Jusoii Cole, William
Nearpnss.
1876.— Freeholders, William D. Bartlow, Sanford Nearpass; TownBhlp
Clerk, Murtiii V. Westbrook; Assessor, Martin Cole: Colloctor,
Joseph Shlmer; Surveyors of Highways, William H. Decker,
William D. Bartlow.
1X77.— Freeholders, William 1>. Bartlow, Jason Cole; Township Clerk,
G.N.Cole; Assessor, Martin Cole; Colloctor, Joseph Shlmer;
Surveyors of Highways, Hiram Hanklns, William II. Decker.
1878.— Freeholders, Joshua Colo, Thomas V. Cole; Township Clerk,
N. Cole; Assessor, Brilton A. Westbrook; Surveyor of
Highways, Hiram Hanklns, WfHIam 11. Deekor.
ls7;i.— Freeholders, Joshua Cole, Thomas V.Oole; Township Clerk, P.
li. My.ra; Assessor, Britton A. Westbrook; Collector, Thomas
Perry; Surveyors of Highways, Hiram Hanklns, William H.
Decker.
1880.— Freeholders, Thomas V. Cole, Joseph S. Hornbeck; Township
Clerk, George HoOarty; Assessor, Benjamin Buchanan; Col-
lector, James I. Oola; Surveyors of Highways, Dennis Aber,
Qilberl Hsndeville; Justices of the Peace, Martin Cole, Stan-
ford Nearpu-s.

VI.— SCHOOLS.

Asa part of the school history of the township, it
may be proper to state that ground was given for a
school-house iii the Minisink as early as 17:U by
Johanes Westbrook. which is elsewhere described.

It is, however, not probable that a school was erected
upon it at that early date.
The earliest school recollected bytheoldeal surviv-

ing inhabitant was located near the residence of

Jacob Hornbeck. and built of logs, during the begin-

_ ning of the present century. The first teacher was

'one Master Oooper, a rigid disciplinarian. His

severity caused him to be long remembered by the
scholars upon whom it was exercised. A later peda-
gogue was Master Daniel Kimball, whose terms were
i twelve shillings per scholar for a period of twelve



366



SUSSEX COUNTY, NEW JERSEY.



weeks. He was followed by Master Wright, who is
remembered as a skillful penman, and later by Wil-
liam Ennes, after which a Madam Benjamin became
the directress of the educational interests of the neigh-
borhood.

• Another log school building was located on the
river road, a mile from Millville, having an antique
stick chimney. A teacher named Hubbard came very
early to this school, and lived with his wife in the
school-house. He was succeeded by Dudley Stearns,
and he by David Morrow, who wielded the quill with
great skill. The old building gave place to a more
modern and capacious one, which was erected at Mill-
ville. At a later date a stone edifice erected by George
Nelden was used as a school-house ; it is now devoted
to purposes of residence.

Near the brick house a spacious frame building
was erected at a more recent period, with cupola and
bell, which is now in use. Montague pays as her
share of the State appropriation to public schools
$1649.44. She receives from the surplus revenue fund
$90.42, from the State appropriation $88.53, and as
her share of the two-mill tax $946.42.

The names and numbers of the school districts in
the township, and their present teachers, are as fol-
lows: No. 1, River, Francis VanAuken; No. 3, Dela-
ware, William M. Van Sickle ; No. 4, Church, Gussie
Hough ; No. 5, Cole's, George McCarty ; No. 6, Perry-
ville, George VanAuken ; No. 7, Clove, David Fran-
cisco.

VlL — RELIGIOUS.
THE REFORMED (DUTCH) CHURCH.

The earliest records of this church bear date 1737,
it having been one of the four Dutch Churches organ-
ized along the Delaware by Rev. George Wilhelmys
Mancius, of Esopus. These churches — known in his-
tory as the Machackemack (now the Reformed Dutch
Church of Port Jervis, N. Y.), the Minisink, at Mon-
tague, the Walpack, and the Smithfield Churches-
were organized at the same time, a Consistory having
been formed in each body, which performed consis-
torial acts. The Rev. Mr. Mancius visited the field
every six months to hold service and administer the
sacraments until a minister was settled over them.

Among the congregation was found a lad of Swiss
parentage, sixteen years of age and of much promise,
who had received a partial education for the ministry
before coming to this country. A sufficient sum was
raised to send him to Holland to complete his studies
and to receive ordination from the Classis of Amster-
dam, upon which the Reformed Dutch Churches in
this country were then all dependent. After four
years of studious application this lad, John Casparus
Fryenmuth, or Fryenmoet, returned and became
pastor of these churches in 1742, each congregation
to have one-fourth of his services.

Mr. Fryenmoet, who was very popular with his peo-
ple, continued his labors until Aug. 12, 1750, when,
on account of the Indian massacres in this region, he



accepted a call from Kinderhook, Claverick, and Liv-
ingston Manor, where he remained twenty-one years.
He died in 1778, and was interred under the Kinder-
hook church.*

The records throw no light upon the building of the
first church edifice, though it is altogether probable
that the earliest building for the Minisink charge
stood upon the river road in Montague. This seems
the more probable, since the parsonage stood in Mon-
tague, and was for years occupied by Dominie Fry-
enmoet.

The second pastor in charge of the three congrega-
tions was the Rev. Thomas Romeyn, the Smithfield
Church having withdrawn and made a request during
the latter years of Dominie Fryenmoet's ministry to
be relieved of his services as pastor, which was granted
with perfect good feeling on both sides. Rev. Mr.
Romeyn was ordained by the Classis of Amsterdam,
and previous to his call to Sussex County, in 1760, was
stationed at Long Island. But little is known of his
ministry among these churches, and his illegible pen-
manship renders it impossible to derive much intel-
ligence from the records. He was a man of quiet
habits, retiring in his nature, and faithful in his
labors over the churches. While here Mr. Romeyn
married, for his second wife, Susan, daughter of Col.
Abram Van Campen, of Pahaquarry. He remained
pastor for twelve years, and in 1772 accepted a call to
the Reformed Dutch Church of Caughnawaga, Mont-
gomery Co., N. Y., where he continued for twenty-one
years, and where he died in 1794. Three of his sons
entered the ministry, and a fourth died while in course
of preparation for it.

After Mi-. Romeyn's departure, for an interval of
thirteen years the churches were without a pastor or
regular services. This was in the main owing to the
anxiety felt by the settlers during the time preceding
the Revolutionary war. Occasional visits were made
by neighboring ministers, among whom were Rev.
Jacob R. Hardenburgh and Rev. Benjamin Du Bois,
in 1784.

On May 11, 1785, a call was extended to Rev. Elias
Van Benschoten by the three churches of Machacke-
mack, Minisink, and Walpack, which was accepted
July 9th, and his installation occurred August 28th
of the same year. Mr. Van Benschoten was born
at New Hackensack, Dutchess Co., N. Y., Oct. 26,
1738. Graduating from Princeton College in 1768, he
studied theology with Dr. Hermanus Myer, of King-
ston, N. Y., as appears from a receipt in the Dutch
language signed by him, Oct. 7, 1772, acknowledging
the payment in full of £3 : 2 : 6 for board and tuition.
He divided his services between the churches on the
Delaware and a Reformed Dutch Church which had
been organized at the Clove, in Wantage, in 1787,
where he removed in 1792, though still serving the
churches to which he was called until 1799 or 1800.



' See furthor reference to this church and to Dominic Fryenmoet i
r township history of Walpack.



MONTAGUE.



3G7



He continued his duties at the Clove until 1X12, and
three years Inter, after a painful illness, closed his
labors on earth. His remains were removed by the
General Synod to New Brunswick for interment.

Possessing many eccentricities, Mr. Van Benschoten
had likewise many excellencies. He was remarkable
for his frugality, for his scrupulous honesty in business
transactions, and lor his abstemious life. His preach-
ing Was highly scriptural and evangelical, clear in
argument, and his sermons delivered with much
earnestness. His services were conducted in both

Dutch and English, and his extended labors in the
county were greatly blessed. Though apparently par-
simonious, his munificent gift to Rutgers College
indicates the generous heart that beat beneath a
rough exterior.

Dominie Van Benschoten was the last minister
who served these three churches jointly, Machaeke-
mack and Minisink from that time until 1838 uniting.

Walpack remained vacant until the advent of Rev.
James (.}. Force-, in 1X08, and the remaining two

united in a call to Rev. John Demarest, who ac-
cepted in 1803 or 1804,— probably 1803. He came
from Albany, and resided, it is supposed, near the
Machaekemack church. The information regarding
him is very indefinite. He remained about five years,
and for a period of nearly nine years after his de-
parture, with the exception of some transient minis-
ters, the church seems to have been without a supply.
In 1817, Rev. Cornelius C. Elting, the fifth pastor,
was installed, being then twenty-four wars of age.
With a well-trained and well-balanced mind, a heart
deeply imbued with piety, and a vigorous constitu-
tion, and being a keen observer of men and things,
he became highly useful in the church and the world,
and died greatly lamented, t'nder his ministry a

dissolution between the Machaekemack and Mini-
sink Churches occurred, though the exact date can-
not be given ; it was probably between 1836 and 1838,
Dominie Kiting having continued with the former
congregation.

It seems easier for the historian to unearth from the
musty volumes of the past facta which bear upon the

early history of this church than to discover any
record of its later progress after IX3X. Since that

date a search for such a record has nol proved sue-

and not even a list of the pa-tors in succes-
sion has been furnished him. All that he has learned

is that Rev. Thomas Fitzgerald i> the present pastor,

and that the members of the Consistory now sen ing

are Florence M. Townsend and Albert 8. Weed

Then- are also two Methodist Churches in Mon-
tague, one of which, under the ministry of Rev. Mr.

McBride, enjoys a fair degree of prosperity.

VIII.— lit ltt A 1,-1' LACKS.
The earliest burial-place in use by the deni/ens pf
Montague was located very near the township line



between Sandyston and Montague, but within the
boundary of the former town-hip. It was deeded ill
1781 by Johannes Westbrook to "John Cortregt, An-
tony Westbrook, Jacob Kuykendall, Abraham Van

Kainpen, Jacob Van Ettcii, and Cornelius West-
brook," to be used forever for a " burial-place and a
school-house." Here were made all the interments
• luring the early settlement of the Delaware. A copy
of the deed will be found in the history of Sandyston

township.

Another burial-ground, located on ground adjacent
to the Dutch church, must represent an antiquity
fully equal to that of the church itself. Eere the

elder members of the Shinier, Stoll, Walloii. and
other families were interred. It has for years been
discarded, and is now of interest only from the mem-
ories of former years which cluster around the spot.

A very old place of burial was located on what is
known a- the Halberd property. The graves were
marked by limestone memorial tablets, their rude in-
scriptions having recalled tin' names of many settlers

who-c deeds have long since faded fr recollection.

The plowshare has since upturned the sod that should
have remained sacred, and ruthless hands, with more
of enterprise than of veneration, have utilized the
uncouth tablets in their farming pursuits.

The burial-ground attached to the Minisink church
i- now most gem-rally used, and is maintained with a
considerable degree of .arc by the residents of Mon-
tague.

IX.— VILLAGES AND HAMLETS.
BRICK HOUSE.

The hamlet of Brick House is located in the south-
western portion ( ,f Montague, opposite the village of
Milford, in Pennsylvania. The exact date of its first
settlement cannot be tixed, though doubtless the point
wa- familiar to the earliest inhabitants of the Mini-
sink, and later the scene of much activity and life. Its
name is derived from a brick hotel erected about
1780, during the ownership of Roger Clark. No
records arc preserved which indicate the builder and
owner of this house, and in the absence of authentic
information it may be presumed that Roger Clark

caused its erection. It afterwards passed to Judge
Jonathan Dexter, and from him to Wilhelmus West-
brook. after which it became the propertj of his son-
in-law, John West fall. At a later date it was pur-
chased by Judge Ja s Stoll, and descended from

him to George Stoll, his s, 1M . Alexander Westbrook

next became owner, and from his heirs it passed int->
the possessi fthe presenl owner, Matthias Cal-
mer. Those already mentioned owned the property.
Lmong the tenants were Matthew McKceby. John

Warbasse, l'/al Haggerty, Emily Drake, Francis Mc-

Cor k, Willis, David Chandler, Maj. John

Hull. Irving, William Bennett, Joseph Thomas,

and Burnett Bennett,
There arc at this point, besides the hotel, a store,

kept by Martin Cole & Son, tWO blacksmith-hops.



368



SUSSEX COUNTY, NEW JERSEY.



managed by Gottfried Wieland and J. J. Westbrook,
a wheelwright-shop, by Amos Townsend, two churches,
and an excellent school-building.

Thomas V. Cole is the postmaster of the hamlet.

Roger Clark, prior to the Revolution, settled at the
point known as the Brick House, where he possessed
an extensive landed property. He erected a frame
house on the site now occupied by Joseph S. Horn-
beck, in which he resided until his death. Having
no children, his estate came into possession of his
nephew, Sanford Clark, of Albany, N. Y., who made
the township his residence and devoted his life to the
management of the property.

Judge James Stoll came from Wantage soon after
1800, and embarked at an early date in mercantile
pursuits at the Brick House; he was also judge of the
Court of Common Pleas. He died in Montague, and
left no descendants. A grandson, Albert Stoll, resides
at Port Jervis, N. Y.

Joseph Wallen was also a prominent resident of the
hamlet. The stock is not now represented in the
township except through his daughters, whose chil-
dren are of the Shimer, Wainright, and Hornbeck
families.

Dr. Jacob L. Van Duzen was an early settler, and
located upon land purchased of Roger Clark, adjacent
to the hotel. He engaged in the pursuit of his pro-
fession, in which a large and lucrative practice was
enjoyed, and was a resident of the Brick House during
his lifetime. The family is extensively represented at
present in Kingston, N. Y.

Maj. John Hull, in connection with his brother,
engaged in mercantile pursuits at the Brick House.
The major was also twice chosen as representative
from the county to the State Legislature. Both re-
moved to Newton at a later date.

MILLVILLB AND EARLY MILLS.

The earliest mill erected in the Minisink was built
by Daniel Westfall, on the site of the D. D. Everitt
property. It was probably erected soon after the
advent of that early settler, who came with the West-
brook family to the Minisink. It was a very simple
structure, and the flour was bolted by hand. Though
primitive in construction, it answered well the de-
mands of that early day, and was in use for many
years, — probably until after the Revolution.

The second mill is located at Millville, which point
derives its only importance from its milling interests.
This mill, which was constructed at a very early date,
is now owned by Jacob S. Swartwout, and located
upon the Chambers Brook. It was originally built
by a man named Job, whose widow later married
Wilhclmus Westbrook, and thus brought the owner-
ship into the Westbrook family. Benjamin West-
brook, his son Joseph, and later Daniel Westbrook,
owned it in succession.

Philip Van Noy next became proprietor, and Philip
Swartwout succeeded. Jacob Shinier conducted it for



a time, when it passed to Joseph Shimer, and then to
the present owner. It has been at different times
remodeled and improved during this succession of
ownerships. It now has three run of stone, and,
with an ample supply of water, a capacity of 200
bushels per day. Both custom- and merchant-work
are done.

Jacob Hornbeck's flouring-mill was built, as nearly
as can be determined, about 1750, by Capt. Abram
Shimer. It was of very limited capacity at this early
period of its history, and had connected with it a saw-
mill, which sawed most of the timber used at that
period. It fell by inheritance to Isaac Shimer, who
sold to Benjamin Hornbeck, Sr., from whom it de-
scended to Jacob, his son, the present owner. It has
three run of stone, and derives its power from the
Chambers Brook, upon which stream it is located.
Both custom- and merchant-work are done, and ship-
ments are made to Port Jervis, Milford, and adjacent
points.

X.— HISTORICAL NOTES AND INCIDENTS.
The following document will be of especial interest
to the residents of Montague, from the fact that it
gives an Indian name for the Delaware River not
known in local annals (the Johannis Decker referred
to lived on the farm now owned by Simon Westfall) :

JOHANNIS DECKER'S AFFIDAVIT.
" Orange County ss :

" JohanDis Decker being Duly sworn deposetli and Saith That he was
born at Rochester, is now Seventy -one or Seventy-two years of age Lived
since he was a Suckling Child at Mohaghcamake, — he was well acquainted
with the Indians and their Language from a Child, — That he was well
acquainted with the fishkill so called by the Dutch people, and by the
English people Delaware, by the Indians Lamesepoae That is fishkill,
That he has always understood from the Indians, young and Old that the
left hand or West Branch at Shohacan carried up the name of the La-
masepose to the head of it, and the Reason why they gave the Deponent
was because there was great numbers of Maskunamack (that is Bass),
and Guwam (that is shad) went up that Branch, & but few or non went
up the East Branch. That he has also heard from Daniel Cole that ho
had been up the fishkill so far that he could jump over with a walking
Btick and that he the Deponent had understood that this was the West
Branch. That this Transaction was before the Former Tryal at New
York, and that Daniel Cole is now dead. That this Deponent was well
acquainted with the Indians, Ambehoes, Mastewap, Yamatabenties,
Echkamare, and a number of others that lived at Coshecton, Shohacan
it Cookhouse. But not much acquainted with the papekunk Indians
because they were Esopus Indians, — that the Mongap comes into the
fishkill about Eight miles above Neversink and further saith not.

his
"Johannis X Decker.
mark

" Sworn this 23d day of Deer, 1785, bofore me

"S0L0MAN CUYKENDAL, J. P.

" A true Copy from the Original.
" OooKBURN."

But six months after the settlement of Dominie
Fryenmoet over the churches along the Delaware a
call was extended to him by the churches of Rochester,
New Paltz, Shawangunk, and Marbletown, which
brought forth the following crisp reply from the Con-
sistories of Machackemack and Minisink :

"To THE REVEREND CoNBISTOKY OF ROCHESTER, GREETING*

" We your servants havo hoard and understood that you have corre-
sponded with our minister, and havo so far succeeded as to send him a





Hon. M \ui in Cole is a grandson, born Oct. 11, L762, Of Mar-
tin Colo, who resided at an early day in Montague township,
where James E. Colo now lives. He erected tho Aral frame
dwelling-house in the " Clove," nnd was an extensive farmer
as well as miller. Ho died April 17, 1825. His wife was Elea-
nor Hoscnkrans, of Pennsylvania, who was born Oct. 1 1. ITT",
and who died Maroh 14, 1836. One ohild was born of this
union,— James R. Colo,— on July 23, 17U1. The latter was the
father or our subjoot. Ho passed his life in the tilling of the
soil on the family homestead, and was a large landholder in
the township. He was a large, portly man, a oaptain in tho
militia of bis day, of suave and courteous manner, and with

ailed ili. I Hng public offices of his township, being a

justice of i in' peace for monj years. His wife whs Jane,daugh-
i, r of Jaoob and Diana Cuddebaok, of Dcorpark, Orange Co.,

V \ ., and il hildren of the union who reached mat"

were Maria, doocased, wife of Elijah Rose, of Pike Co., Pa.j
Eleanor, wife of James Clark, of Sandyston : our subjcot]
Jacob, who died in early manhood, leaving two children now
living] Catharine, wife of Finley Shafer, who resides in Port
Jervis, \. V.; Diana, who married Rov. Henry Dutchor, of

fori Jervil ; and Hannah .Inn.., wif Mo - L. Colo, ol U il

, Pa. James is. Cole diod -inly 80, 1868, nnd bis wifo

mii Oct 19, 1876, in her eighty seventh year.

Martin Colo was born on the " Clovo" homestead April 'J.
|s|7. Hil earlier years wero passed upon his father's farm,
where In' enjoyed the benefits of such instruction at thi

boring dlstriol sel I afforded, His aeademio eduoation was

obtained nl tl xoellenl instituti if William Rankin, at

Deekertown, Al the age • •! ninoteen he roturnc l to the pator-

„ , i, where In' romainod until In- marriage, in 1839. S

after thai bvenl in' oommenood farming in Pennsyh

place owned by himself and rather, and after "in- vim exohanged

ii for property adjoining bis father's ostato, where hi

for thirty two years. For 0"' pasl twolve years In- '

; ,i ■■ Brick Hon i '

While tho life of Judgo Colo has boon largely passed in agri-



cultural pursuits, in connection with his public life, ho has bc-
oome widely known. For the past forty years he has been tho
leading surveyor "I bis section, and this pursuit has brought



Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 92 of 190)