James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

. (page 94 of 190)
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traverse the centre and western portions of 1 1 1 • - town-
abip, the former deposit running from northeast to
southwest.

The country is admirably adapted to grazing, and
the dairy industry is followed with success, much of
the milk being shipped to New York, which allords a
ready market.

In point of productiveness, the township of Lafay-
ette compares favorably with any of the townships of
Sussex County. The I'aulinskill, its principal stream,
pi-is in Sparta, Newton, Andover, and Hampton, tin-
east branch emanating from Sparta township, while
the " Big Spring," near Newton, at a corner between
the town of Newton and the townships of Andover
and Hampton, is the main source of the western
branch. They unite in the township, and. running
north, then west into Frank lord, are joined from the
east by a small stream called Spring Drunk. The
Paulinskill affords an ample water-power for the mills
which are built along the banks, and is thus rendered
valuable lor commercial purposes.

til.— BAULY SETTLEMENTS, Etc

The first settlement was made in this township
about one hundred and thirty years ago. Henry Bale,
a ( ierman by birth, was the pioneer to the village now
known as Lafayette; he settled at this place as early
as 1750. A log grist-mill was built by him at that
early period, and located on the lower side of the
head-race to the present mill, and 50 yards easterly
from the present railroad depot. This was the first
Bonring-mill in the village or its vicinity, and one of
the first in the county. The earliest dam that checked
the natural How of the head-waters of the I'aulinskill
was constructed by his hand-, and by him it- water-
were lir-t rendered subservient to man's will. A long
head-race, dug from tin- dam to the old mill, Mill re-
mains as one of the landmarks to remind the present
generation of the lir-t tedious strokes towards our

present civilization. The dam remained as another

landmark until 1858, when it was removed to reclaim

a large area of laud that had been flooded by it- back-
water lor over a century. The log mill remained, and
was operated as a flouring grist-mill until 1822, when
it ceased longer to be Used, and gave way to one of
more modern Btyle and machinery.

Mr. Dale also built for the use of hi> family a log
house, which was located on the east side of the road
leading from the centre of the village to the residence

of Mrs. William Snyder, and about so yards from her

house, on a cour-c a lew degrees west of south. This
building remained and was occupied until 1886, and

a portion of its foundation is still to be sni.

Henry Dale Was a man of great enterprise, and

found a zealous helpmeet in his wife-, Elizabeth, He

erected a blacksmith-shop and devoted St of his



time to the forge and anvil, while his wife tended the
mill; and together they instructed their sons in tie-
arts of milling and blacksmithing. He made the
first clearing in the neighborhood, erected other
houses and buildings, and tradition say- that he dis-
covered and secretly worked a silvi t mine, and thus
accumulated a part of his fortune. This, however, is
very doubtful, as no silver ore in paying quantities
has ever been discovered in the county. He was a
man of marked intelligence, enterprising, ami highly
respectable, and lived t" a good old age. His chil-
dren married, and most of them settled during his
lifetime in hi- adopted county and State.

The name of Henry Bale, the earliest pioneer of this
hamlet, is indelibly associated with the development
and progress of this township. For the reason that
he was the first settler in this pari of the- county, the
pioneer in its development, and bore the heat and
burden of the day. it i- proper that mention should be

made of tin- family connections. The descendants of

Mr. ami Mrs. Dale arc- c lected with very many of

tin- olde-t and most prominent families of Sussex
County.

Nothing is known of the ancestry of Henry Bale,
or even from what section of Germany In- came.
Equally meagre are the facts with reference to the
ancestrv or nativit-. I tlC wil: i lizabeth.

Mr. and Mrs. Bale had sc-veii children. — Jacob, Pe-
ter, Henry, Khoda, Elizabeth, Mary, and Catharine.
Jacob, the oldest son, with his two sisters, Mary and
Rhoda, and their husbands, — the former having mar-
ried a Washer and the latter a Huffman, — moved to
Kentucky. Peter, bom in 1 70S, and Henry, born in
177s, Left their father's home, anil, having nioveel down
the- I'aulinskill during the latter part of the last cen-
tury, located at the place that still bears their name,

— Baleville, now in Hampton township. Here, in

1800, they erected a grist-mill, which was operated as
such until 1840, when it was remodeled by James,
John, and Peter, the sons of Henry. Elizabeth mar-
ried Zachariah Stickles, ami Catharine espoused John

Widener. Peter married Elizabeth Btruble, daughter
of Leonard Btruble, whose wife was Mary Longcore.

Mr. and Mrs. Btruble were the parents of ten chil-
dren : Leonard, Jr., who married Khoda Morris ;
Anthony, who married Mary Kays; Elizabeth, who
marrieel said l'eter Hale ; Mary, who married Robert
Hell; Catharine-, who marrieel John Hulfman ; Mar-
garet, who married George Roe; Peter, who marrieel
Utith Meerri-; Jacob, who married Mary llaggerty;
and Susan, who marrieel William Hoc-.

Peter Bale, tin- >ee- 1 -.en of Henry and Elizabeth

Kale, and who married Elizabeth Strublc. had eleven
Children, -i\ "f whom grew up and married, — viz.,
Henry, who marrieel I.v.lia l'.c-ll ; Jacob, who marrieel
Sarah Shotwell ; Elizabeth, who married Jacob Hell ;

Peter, who marrieel Elizabeth Snook; Sarah Ann,
who marrieel Cornelius Howell ; ami Mary, who mar-
ried Thomas Kay-, the- son of John Kay-, whose- wife,



372



SUSSEX COUNTY, NEW JERSEY.



Sarah, was the daughter of Benjamin Hull, whose
wife was Anna Duer.

Benjamin Hull had thirteen children : Charity,
who married Samuel Jones ; Nancy, who married
Peter Bell ; Sarah, who married John Kays ; Mary,
who married Moses Morris; Rhoda, who married
Martin Ryerson; Elizabeth, who married William
Ryerson ; Martha, who married John Young ; Ruth,
who married Caleb Hopkins ; John, who married
Margaret Lantz ; Benjamin, who married Elizabeth
Case ; Phebe, who married Joseph Warbasse ; Wil-
liam, who married Hannah Marr ; and Dorcas, who
married Henry Price.

John Kays, the father of Thomas Kays by his wife,
Sarah Hull, had nine children : Mary, who married
Anthony Struble ; John, who went West when a
young man ; David, who married Phebe Durncr ;
Benjamin, who married Charlotte Hopkins ; Samuel,
who married Elizabeth Tuttle; Martha, unmarried
and still living in this township ; Martin R., who
married Mary Ann Dusenberry ; Thomas, who mar-
ried Mary Bale ; and James, who was never married.

Henry Bale, Jr., the second son of Henry Bale the
pioneer, married Abigail Current, by whom he had
eight children : Elizabeth, who married Joseph
Ships ; James, who married Sarah Havens, and now
living in Ohio ; Ann, who married John Huston ;
Sarah and Abigail, who died in childhood ; Susan,
who married Andrew Havens ; John, who married
Rhoda S. Morris ; Peter, who married Sarah Drake ;
and Mary, who married John Hardin.

Thus, by descent and marriage in the first and sec-
ond generations, came blood-relationship from old
Henry Bale and wife with the several families of
Struble, Kays, Hull, Morris, Ryerson, Bell, Rose,
Price, Warbasse, Tuttle, Snook, Lantz, Washer, Long-
core, Huffman, Haggerty, Shotwell, Howell, Jones,
Young, Hopkins, Case, Marr, Dwiner, Dusenberry,
Stickles, Widener, Current, Ships, Havens, Huston,
Drake, and Hardin. At the present time there are
not many families in the county who cannot trace
a relationship, either by consanguinity or by affinity,
to this old settler and his wife, while by migration
from this section hundreds beyond the borders of the
county and State can also trace relationship to them.

Among other prominent families of Lafayette may
be mentioned the following :

Peter Warbasse, the progenitor of the family of
that name in Lafayette, was a native of Jutland, in
Denmark. He espoused the faith of the Moravians,
and emigrated to America about 1753, settling in
Pennsylvania. His son Joseph became a resident of
Newton in 1794, was a blacksmith by trade, and owned
the homestead farm, in Lafayette, now occupied by
Samuel Warbasse. He was eccentric in character,
and commonly known to the town'speople as "Citi-
zen Warbasse."*



'■ See page 261 fur further mention.



John D. Ackerson came from Paramus, N. J., about
1800, and located upon the farm now occupied by
John P. Sigler. He inhabited this spot until his
death, and a son, Peter Ackerson, is still a resident ot
the township. Paulus Ackerson lived where Mrs. R.
F. Randolph now resides, having had two sons, James
and Aaron A., and one daughter, the wife of Mahlon
B. States.

George Lantz came to the township early during
the present century, and was known as a thrifty and
very successful farmer. His children were William,
Jacob, John, David, Peter, George, Susan Ann, and
Maria.

The first member of the family of Demorests who
resided in Lafayette was Peter, who came to the town-
ship as early as 1790 and located upon the farm now
occupied by John Demorest. His son Gilliam suc-
ceeded to the estate, and on his death, in 1855, be-
queathed the farm to his son Peter, after which it
came to John, the present occupant. The progenitor
of the family removed from Bergen Co., N. J., and
was by trade a carpenter and joiner. David Demo-
rest, one of the family, who early removed to Lafay-
ette, died in 1825, in his sixty-fifth year, and was
buried in the cemetery near the village.

Casper Snook came from Germany and settled in
the township as early as 1760, on the farm now occu-
pied by his grandson, Robert G. Snook. His son
William C. was born upon this farm, and resided
upon it until his death, in 1855. The male descend-
ants of the family now living in the township are
Robert G. and David C. Snook. A brother, Isaac V.,
is a resident of the township of Green.

Samuel Ingersoll, a farmer, lived upon the land now
owned by his son Gilbert ; he had two children. The
renowned Robert G. Ingersoll, of Illinois, traces bis
ancestry from the same origin.

Capt. Abram A. Richards, for many years a mer-
chant of prominence in Lafayette, was among the
early arrivals in the village. He had five children, —
Elisha, Hiram, Jane, Hester, and John.

John Kaltz was of Dutch extraction, and followed
farming pursuits on the land now occupied by his
daughter Barbara. He had also a son, John M. Kaltz,
a man of varied attainments, who was for a while en-
gaged in slate mining, and who died in 1877.

John Simmons made his advent to the township as
early as 1783 and purchased land, upon which he
erected a log house. His son, Philip Simmons, was
born in the same dwelling, and died there in 1867, at
the advanced age of eighty-two. A grandson, also,
John Simmons, now occupies the home.

William Gunderman lived near what is known as
Hopkins' Corners, having come to Lafayette in 1800.
He later removed to the spot now the residence of
Jacob Simmons. Samuel S. Gunderman, his son, still
resides in the township.

Mahlon B. States resided at the locality known as'
Statcsvillc, which was early identified with his family.



LAFAYETTE.



:;:::



He conducted the foundry at Lower Lafayette for

some years, anil successfully managed an extruded
business. His children are Ackrrson P., Louisa,
Naur y , and Lyman,

Barabbas Quackenbosa was a former resident of
llcrgen County, and locale. 1 on what is known as
''German Flats." He was a successful farmer, and
I man of influence in the township.

The presence of David Hopkins in the town-hip
g8Ve a distinct identity to the point known as " Hop-
kins' Corners." Mr. Hopkins engaged in farming
pursuits, which be found both congenial and profitable.
Hi- Min, Philip Hopkins, now owns and re-ides upon
the land.

Capt. John Snyder located upon land now occupied
by Joseph Vought, and BOOD became prominent in
the affairs of the township. A more detailed history

of the family will he found elsewhere.

John liaekster [Baxter] 1 a in 1 SJ7 a resident

of Lafayette, having removed from tin' township of
Wantage. He followed agricultural pursuits, and oc-
cupied until his death, in 1872, the land now owned
by his son ( leorge. Two sons are still residents of the
township.

Hazlet Slater was one of the early landlords of
Lafayette. He was first located at a point on the cor-
ner opposite the old foundry, hut later erected a hotel,
over which he presided until his death, in 18U1. He
was al-o a landed proprietor, owning two farms. Mr.
Slater was the father of five children.

Moses W. Northrop resided near Hopkins' Corners,

when- he h;i- the owner ot 'a large and productive

farm, now in posse— ion of his granddaughter. He

removed at a later period with his -on, Henry ('., to
New ton. where he built a steam grist-mill, which was
conducted for -ome year-. His death occurred in

1878.

George Sharp and his ancestor- were former resi-
dent* of Morris ( 'o., N. .1., and removed to the town-
-hip in I.sl'ii. He was for several years a resident of
Lafayette, and died at the home of his son, Morris

Sharp.

Charles Mackerley, who is a native of Sussex
County, removed in 1889 to Lafayette, where be has
since resided. He i- prominently identified with its
lat< i advancement.

HIGHWAYS.
The road passing through the town-hip from we-t
to cast, and formerly known as the Milford and New

York turnpike, was half a century ago one of the
thoroughfares of the country, and formed a pari

of the great turnpike leading from OwegO through

Binghamton to New York City.

At this early period the turnpike wa- lined with
hotels,— or taverns, a- they were then styled, -among

which, in the township, were three of especial promi-
nence. One occupied the site ol Peter Vckcrson's
present residence; another was located in the village

of Latin ette, and at a later date kept by Hazlet Slater;



and the third stood east towards Sparta, and was
known as the Lewis Peters Hotel, over which Daniel
P. Chase subsequently presided a- landlord.

Trior to the construction of this highway the oldeat
road, as far as can be ascertained, which traversed
the town-hip passed over the Blue Mountain Ridge
through what is known a- "Culver's Gap"; from
thence to Branchvillc and Atlgu-ta, and on to the

present residence of Peter Ackerson, from whence it
followed the east base of the large hill past the resi-
dence of Leo I!. Hurd. On this Bite stood an ancient
hostelry known as " Predmore'fl tavern," remembered
in connection with the lirakeniau murder. From this
poim the road passed over the present road-bed to the
bridge over the Paulinskill, mar the site of Collver

& Huston's grist-mill; thence to the store of the
above linn, and over the present road to Upper La-
fayette ; thus on to Sparta, Dover, and Morri-town.
eventually reaching New York, it- terminus.

The next oldest road in the township connected
with this old road east of the village, at Gustins'
Corners, and followed a northeast direction to Ham-
burg, Vernon, and on to Ksopu- ami Newhurg, in
New York.

The main object in constructing the turnpike was
to modify- the distance, and if possible make the road
less tortuous in its course. It diverged from the old
road at the residence of Peter Aeker-on, anil, passing
through what is known as Statesville, rejoined it near
the home of James llagaman, deceased, and adjacent
to the old academy.

i:ahi.v taverns.

During the early settlement of the township nearly

every farmhouse on the public highway was for the

lime converted into a hostelry, and hut few were more
conspicuous for hospitality than that known a-" l'rcd-
more's tavern." It was opened during the beginning

of the present century, and was for years the popular

resort of the traveling public. This house became
famous in 1819 a- having been identified with the
murder of a peddler named Francis Nichols, a full
account of which may hi' found on page 200 of this
work.

A- early as 1S2S a hotel was opened in the village
of Lafayette by one Hugh McDonald. It was located
it) the Centre Of the hamlet, on the -on lb corner of the

cross-roads, and was in 1835 disposed of to Hazlet

Slater, who became landlord, and a few years later
erected a large frame edifice, of which he wa- the

popular Boniface. It ha- since that time been de-
voted to purposes ot' public entertainment,

PHYSIC] IN8

'flu- earliest physician in Lafayette wa- Dr. Bdward
3, Bell, who came &om Stillwater, Sussex Co., in
1889, and the following year left for Stanhope, the
lii Id not having proved sufficiently inviting to detain

him in the village.

He was followed by Dr. Richard S. Farrand, who



374



SUSSEX COUNTY, NEW JERSEY.



arrived from Newark in 1840 and remained until
1843, when he departed for Morris County.

Dr. Franklin Smith, a native of Newton, began
the practice of medicine in the township of Frank-
ford. In 1844 he removed to Lafayette, where he
followed his profession until 1849, when he repaired
to Hamburg. In 1856 he became a resident of the
village of Newton, where he now lives.

Dr. Jesse R. Burgess came from Bucks Co., Pa.,
in 1847, and practiced in the vicinity for a period of
ten years, when he repaired to Webster City, Iowa.
He also followed agricultural pursuits while in the
township, having purchased the farm formerly owned
by John Cummins.

Dr. H. Stites Woodruff made his advent in 1849,
but, not having met with the desired success, removed
to Newark.

Dr. Thomas A. Drown came from Western New
York in 1852. He engaged in successful practice,
but later removed to Sparta and purchased a hotel,
of which he was landlord.

Dr. Levi D. Miller, formerly of Andover, became
a resident of the township in 1856. He entered the
army in 1862, and later removed to Newton, his
present home.

Dr. J. Linn Allen removed from Branchville in
1862, and became a practitioner in Lafayette, where
he still pursues his profession.

Dr. John C. Strader came from Phillipsburg in
1878, and at present shares the practice of the town-
ship with Dr. Allen, the only resident physicians.*

IV.— ORGANIZATION.

Lafayette was formerly embraced in the townships
of Frankford and Newton, and was not made an
independent township until a comparatively late
date.

The act which conferred upon it this distinction
was approved March 20, 1845, and runs as follows:

" An Act to set off from the Townships of Newton and Frankford,
in the County of Sussex, a new Township, to be called the
Township of Lafayette.
" Be it enacted by the Senate and General Assembly of the State of New
Jersey, as follows : Those parts of the townships of Newton and Frank-
ford, in the county of Sussex, lying within the boundaries and descrip-
tion following, — to wit, beginning in the middle of tho road leading from
Thomas House's to Merritt Pinckney's, at the southweBt corner of the
township of Sparta; thence running in a direct line to a black-oak tree
standing on the cast side of the great road leading from Newton to La-
fayette, northeast of tho dwelling-house of Jacob Snook, which tree
stands near the forks of the road leading from said Newton and Lafayette
road to the Newton and Deckortown turnpike; thence continuing the
same course from said black-oak tree until it strikes the aforesaid turn-
piko; thence along the centre of said turnpike until it strikes the line
of the towriBhipsof Newton and Frankford ; thence in a direct lino to a
corner of the townships of Frankford and Wantage, southeast of the
dwelling-house of John Clay ; thence along tho lino of the townships of
Frauklbrd and Wantage to a corner of the townships of Hardyston and
Frankford north of the dwelling-house now occupied by Jonathan A.
Dusouberrio ; thence along the line of the townships of Frankford and
Hardyston until it strikes tho line of the township of Sparta; thence
along tho lino of tho township of Sparta to tho beginning, — shall be, and



* See chapter on the " Medical Profession of Sussex County," ante, for
sketches of most of the above physicians.



the same is hereby, set off trom the townships of Newton and Frankford,
in the county of Sussex, and made a separate township, to be called and
known as ' The township of Lafayette.'

" The inhabitants of the township of Lafayette shall hold their fust
annual town-meeting at the house of Hazlet Slater, innkeeper, in the
village of Lafayette, in said township of Lafayette, on the second Mon-
day of April, one thousand eight hundred and forty-five."

Moses Woodruff, Alexander Boyles, and John Sny-
der, or any two of them, were by the same act ap-
pointed commissioners to run, survey, mark, and as-
certain the lines above mentioned, and were to execute
and discharge the duties of their said appointment
before the second Monday of April, 1845, the charges
and expenses of said commissioners being taxed and
paid as by law directed in case of commissioners ap-
pointed by the Court of Common Pleas.

V.— CIVIL LIST.
FREEHOLDERS.
1845, John Snyder, John Titman ; 1840, John Titman, Georgo W. Coll-
ver; 1847, George W. Collver, Alexander Boyles; 1848-50, George W.
Collver, William Snyder, Jr. ; 1851, Juhu M. Kalts, Thomas Kays;
1852-63, John Snyder, John M. Kalts; 1854, H. B. Kays, Hazlet
Slater; 1855, Hazlet Slater, John Welter; 1850, M. B. Kays, Hazlet
Slater; 1857, M. B. Kays, Thomas Kays; 1868-60, Hazlet Slater,
Charles Mackerley; 1861, Henry C. Northrup, John Weller; 1862,
Thomas Kays, John Weller ; 1863-65, William B. Slater, Gilbert In-
gersoll ; 1866, Abram Cassady, Emauuel Ackerson; 1867-68, James
B.Huston, Abram Cassady; 1869-71, Gilbert Ingersoll, James B.
Huston ; 1872, Elias P. Demorest, James B. Huston ; 1873-75^ 0. P.
Armstrong, John Demorest ; 1876, Gilbert Ingersoll, John Demorest ;
1877, Gilbert Ingersoll, Elias P. Demorest; 1878, James B. Huston,
O. P. Armstrong; 1879, James B. Huston, Jacob Simmons; 1880,
Jacob Simmons, Juhn T. Kays.



TOWNSHIP CLERKS.
1845-48, John H. Simpson ; 1849-50, James B. Huston ; 1851, J. B. Hus-
ton ; 1852, William S. Bunn ; 1853-55, Andrew J. Rogers; 1856, J. J.
Baokster; 1857, Evi Potter; 1858-62, H. S. Fountain ; 1863-73, Ack-
erson P. States ; 1874, Jacob S. Vaughan ; 1875-76, M. L. Huston ;
1877, George C. Kinney; 1878-80, M. L. Huston.

ASSESSORS.
1845, Alexander Boyles ; 1846-47, Alexander McDaniels ; 1848-50, Moses
W. Northrup; 1851, Homy B. Kays ; 1S52, James B.Huston; 1853-
57, Charles Mackerley; 1858-59, James B. Huston; 1860-66, Robert
G. Snook ; 1S67-71, Charles Mackerley ; lb72, Emauuel Ackerson ;
1873-74, Robert G. Snook ; 1875-76, John T. Kays; 1877-79, Charles
Mackerley ; 1880, John Demorest.

COLLECTORS.

1845-46, Thomas Cox; 1847-50, Henry B. Kays; 1851, George W. Coll-
ver; 1852-54, William Snyder; 1855-57, James Slater; 1858-60, A.
A. Richards; 1861-63, Samuel Shotwell; 1864, William Snyder;
1865-66, James Slater ; 1867-74, John T. Kays ; 1875-76, William
Lantz ; 1877, George Backstor ; 1878-79, William Lantz ; 1880, Sid-
ney Smith.

JUSTICES OF THE PEACE.

1845, Charles Mackerley, Noah Moore; 1800, William Howell, William
A. Bunting; 1865-80, William Howell, William M. Pollison.

SCHOOL COMMITTEE.
1845, Franklin Smith, E. D. Warbasse, Moses W. Northrup ; 1840, Frank-
lin Smith, Jesse Burgess, Moses W. Northrup.

SUPERINTENDENTS OF SCHOOLS.
1847-48, Franklin Smith; 1840-61, Jesse Burgess ; 1852, O.P.Armstrong;
1853-64, Thomas Kays ; 1855-50, John M. Kalts ; 1857-59, L. D. Mil-
ler; 1860-06, Jool Campbell.

VI.— SCHOOLS.
Tradition throws but little light upon the subject of
the early educational interests of the township, though



L A FAY FIT F.



375



it is reasonable to |>ri->iunc- that tin- est:ihl ishmeut of

schools whs contemporaneous with its first settlement.

The curliest school building remembered was buill
at the point known as Statesvillc, on the southeasl
i-oriii -r of the cross-roads. It was a small frame build-
ing and was later converted into a cooper-shop, a
frame house having been substituted, which was lo-
cated a few rods below. This was in turn converted
into a dwelling and superseded by a substantial edi-
fice of brick. The district was at a subsequent period
divided, and a stone building erected on ground adja-
cent to the present Methodist church. This is also
now used as a residence, During the early days of



Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 94 of 190)