James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

. (page 96 of 190)
Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 96 of 190)
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year. He married, Sept. 21, I *:::'., Mary s.. daughter of Thomas
Kays, of Lafayette She was born April 12, is hi, and died
July I, 1842. The children born of this union were Hannah
C, wife of Edward A. Cousc, died June I 1. 1863, Iged twenty-
eight ; Margaret; Gabriel; Henry Cays, born Deo. 7, 1S3S,
died April 27, 1840; George Henry, born March 7. 1841, died
May I". I860. b"or biB second wife Mr. Collver married, Jan.
19,1843, Dorcas 1'. Kays, a sister of his former wife. She was
horn Feb. I. 1820. The only child born of this union is Mary
Elisabeth, wife of William H. Cousc.

After his marriage Mr. Collver carried on his business in
Allamuohy for one year, for two years at Huntsvillc, and at
Sparta he resided for SIX years, where he built a mill and was
engaged in the manufacture of wrought iron and in the mer-
cantile bus i ne - . Iii 1842, in company with his partner. Henry
1 , ho purchased pro M ei Lafayette, upon which

he settled in the spring of 1843. lien- the] erected a grist-
atid -aw -mill, which they carried on, together with a foundry

and store.

After the death of Mr. Ka\ .-. in 1855, Mr. ('"liver carried on
the bnsiness alone lor two years, when he associated with him
in business Judge James B. Huston, The firm of Collver .1

Huston have carried on a so - fill trade rinoo, and are among

the in.,- 1 enterprising business men of Lafayette.

Mr. Collver formerly took an aotive interest in local politics

as a Democrat, but upon the organisation of the Republican

part] he became identified with Its prinoiplea. lie ha- enjoyed

the i""-' important offloes in his township, and was elected to

Legislature in tho fall of 1861. Ho is a pronounoed

: e. an, i was one ot the founders,

in. my ;. : lletj at Lafay-

ette, and while a ineiiilier ot' the Legislature he advooatod ami
u the Mann- law. In oonneetlon with temper

County. He i- a supporter of churoh interests, a promoter of
all worth] local objoota, and i ■< member "t the Christian
Church at Baleville.



inim-i of his partner, and in 1856 disposed of a balf-
i„i,,v-! to James B. Huston, his brother-in-law, who
married a daughter of Thomas Kays. This firm inaii-
extended business at this point.

I hi old mill is now conducted as a foundry. Ii is
run by water-power, and manufactures all varieties
ill' machinery ''"' milling purposes. The flouring-
mill is also furnished with power by the Paulinskill,
and has four run of stone. It li:t~ ;i capacity of 300
bushels per day, and does both custom- and mer-
dhant-work. The market for it< products is found in
Newark, Paterson, New York, and adjacent portions
i the ntj .

In addition, the firm of Collver & Huston have a
saw-mill and ;i warehouse and store which controls an
extensive country trade.

The Old Mill.— The old log mill above alluded to,
after undergoing various changes of ownership, came
into the possession of a Widow Nyce, who conveyed
Ii to Robert and Samuel Price, and they to John Price,
hi deed recorded in the archives ofSussex County in
Bool II - of deeds, page 295. John Price erected
the dwelling-house near the new mill, and lately
owned by William Armstrong, now deceased.

The property next passed, in 1820, into the hands
of .James l.uillaiu, w ho in 1X22 erected a new ami ca-
pacious frame mill with three run of stone on the site
of the present building. Parts of the foundation of

tl hi log mill remained visible quite recently, and

(he logs and a pari of the roof until lstyl. He al-<>
greeted near this mill a distillery, which remained
Standing until a recent date.

The property passed b) devise to Richard Ii. Mor-
tis fir I.mllam, and was conveyed by the latter to

Northrop, Jr., in November, 1885. Northrop
erected the storehouse Btill standing, and continued
to own the property until his death, in 1846, when

William Armstrong, of Frankford township, bee:

the proprietor.

In is:,; the grist-mill, with all its contents, then in

! ession "i Messrs. Smith >V Kays as lessees, was


William Armstrong in 1858 sold the mill-site, dis-
tillery, store-house, and about ten acres of the land,
Including all the water-power, i" his s,, M , i Ibadiah 1'.

g, and Thomas Kays. The power was al

that time furnished bj a dam about 200 yards above
ihc present dam, which »a~ 7 feet in height, and

Bowed an area of from 100 2000 acres of land.

Messrs. Armstrong & Kays in 1858 sold 7 feet of the

fall to the "Paulinskill Meadow C psny,"

which was organized t" reclaim the above ovi
lands, lie old 'lam was removed ami the present
one en cted, a- was ;i|.„ a new mill, bj Messrs. Arm-
strong A Kaj s, in 1859.

Mr. Kays disposed of his interesl (•> Dr. Franklin
Bmitli in I860, ami he in turn to the present owner,
bbadiah I'. Armstrong, in 1864.

/'//- oil Foundry. The business was originally <■ -

tablished in Lafayette in 1880, by Jonathan Owens.

Three years hilcr it pass,.,| into lie haicl- of Alex-
ander Boyles, a gentleman who was sheriff of the
county, ami prominently identified with the business
interests of the place; he erected a large stove-
foundry, a part of which building -till s|amls.

Mr. Boyles conducted a very extensive business
until 1842, when the foundry passed to the estate of
.lame- ( lassidy, ami later to I»r. Franklin Smith ami
Barton Mushback. In 1852, Thomas Kays purchased

the interest of Mushback, ami. in i nection with

Dr. Smith, under the firm-name of Smith & Kays,
managed a very extensive foundry ami machine busi-
ness. In 1859, Mr. Kay- disposed 'if his interest to
his partner, who in 1862 transferred the property to
Mr-. Theresa M. I [agaman.

The foundry, alter a succession of changes, i- now

ow 1 hy Me-srs. Collver A: Huston. The building

is occii| ied as a dwelling ind the saw-mill adj: ining
ha- ci used its labors.


This was the name given a point at the tir-t cross-
roads on the old turnpike leading to Sparta.

t leorge Gustin was the leading spirit of the locality,

and occupied a storehouse, in which he conducted a
general mercantile business. The "Id house, a- nearly
a- can he described, was located at the cast corner of
lie forks of the road, the crumbling foundation of
which still remains. Later he resided in a house
lui ill adjacent to the old site, ami which is still stand-
ing. A storehouse was also creeled near this spot,
which yet remains, although Converted to other U8es.
Mr. Gustin had two sons, John R, and Alpheus,
the former of whom is dead, Alpheus in early life
Idled the "Mice of constable, and was later engaged in
mercantile pursuits in Lafayette. He remo

Pontiac, Mich., in 1858, Or possibly earlier, and en-
gaged in hanking, and amassed quite a large fortune.


Lafayette was for many years an active business
centre ami largely identified with the political history
of Sussex County. The years from 1888 to ]<\'l were

e-peeially fraught with significance as the era of busi-
ne-s activity. During this time Alexandei

dueled the foundry before mentioned, employing

fortj n. and often a larger number. There were

three stores, two in Upper and one in Lower I. a fay -

ctte, — two flouring- and grist-mills, a clover-mill, a
saw-mill, a distillery. black8mith-shop, etc.

i i eph Northrop and George H. Nelden, under the
firm-name of Northrop .V Nelden, did an extensive

mercantile business, and Well esley Cut ins was their

competitor, enjoying a libera] share of the patronage.
Both mill- w.re owned by Joseph Northrop, the
upper one conducted by himself, and the lower one
by George II. Nelden. The latter purchased his part-
ner's interesl ill the rcantile business, and eventu-
al!) -old it t" Thomas Lawrence, of Hamburg, at


present State senator, he having formed a copartner-
ship with Northrop.

Alexander Boyles, who was the earliest postmaster
in Lafayette, manifested much ability and energy dur-
ing his business career, and as a politician won great
popularity, having been a pronounced Democrat. He
entered the political arena as candidate for sheriff in
1834, was elected, and five years later represented the
county as State senator.

Mr. Nelden, a son of George Nelden, of Montague
township, was also a candidate for political honors.
He was chosen sheriff of Sussex County in 1849, was
appointed United States marshal from 1853 to 1861,
and was elected county clerk in 1874 and in 1879.

O. P. Armstrong's flouring- and grist-mill, origi-
nally the site of the old Bale mill, is run by water
furnished by the Paulinskill, and has three run of
stone, which affords it a capacity of 200 bushels per
day when driven to its utmost limit. The grain is
purchased in New York and New Jersey, and the
market for the flour is found in New York, Newark,
and the adjacent country.

An apple-distillery is also run in connection with
the mill, with one run of stone used in grinding. The
capacity of the still is 226 gallons per day, apple-brandy
being the commodity produced, which is shipped in
casks and finds a ready market.

David Munroe established, years since, a sash-and-
blind factory, which is still conducted by him, and af-
fords employment to many workmen.

William Howell has a harness-factory. Sylvester
Koyt is actively engaged as a wheelwright, and has an
extensive shop, while Jacob Shuster and William C.
Quick are the blacksmiths.

George M. Sutton is the only landlord of the village,
and Mrs. Elizabeth D. Terwilliger holds the commis-
sion as postmistress.


Among the most productive interests of Lafayette
are the slate-quarries, located U miles from the vil-
lage, in the centre of the township. They were orig-
inally owned by Martin B. Kays and Messrs. Gunder-
man & Kalts. Slate deposits were discovered at this
point at a very early period, but no practical use was
made of the knowledge thus gained until 1843. The
property was leased the same year by Messrs. Wil-
liams & Jones, who mined the quarries successfully
for a series of years with hand-labor, having intro-
duced but little labor-saving machinery.

For a period extending to 1856 the quarries re-
mained unworked, but were subsequently re-leased
of Mr. Kays by Thomas Jones for a period of ten
years. He erected machinery and pursued his
mining labors until 1861, when his interest was sold
to Williams & Bolands, who worked the deposit
for five years, after which Mr. Williams retained ex-
clusive control until his death, in 1876, when Jones,
Collver & Huston became lessees.

The slate, after being mined, is finished with a
dressing-machine, a derrick furnished with power by
a steam-engine being employed for hoisting, and a
windmill for pumping water. Ten men are em-
ployed in the production of 1000 feet of slate per
day, the market for which is found principally in
New York and New Jersey.

The Gunderman & Kalts quarry was first opened
in 1870, and, with the machinery used, has a capacity
of 500 feet per day. It is now owned by Cornelius
D. Ackerson, and leased by Messrs. Williams &


The Branchville extension of the Sussex Railroad
was begun in 1867 and completed in 1869. The Sus-
sex Railroad also passes through this township, at
Branchville Junction intersecting with the Branch-
ville extension, which runs to Branchville.


The Lafayette Debating Society was organized in
1877, its object being the discussion of popular ques-
tions of the day. Its meetings are held weekly at
Sutton's Hall, the present officers being : President,
Gerret Van Blarcom ; Treasurer, Rev. J. B. Wood-
ward ; Secretary, Mark L. Huston.

The " Shooting Star - ' is a four-page monthly paper
devoted to miscellaneous reading and such matter as
renders it especially attractive to the young. It was
established in 1870, and enjoyed a prosperous career
of six years. It was again re-established in 1879.
The editor and proprietor is Ernest Huston, who is
also treasurer of the New Jersey Amateur Press As-
sociation, organized in 1878, representing the youthful
editorial talent of the State.

The census of 1880 gives the following list of resi-
dents of the township of Lafayette who had attained
their sixty-fifth year :

Elizabeth Amerman, 83; Ralph Ackerson, 76 ; Elizabeth Ackerson, Y0 ;
William Berry, 65; Joseph Currant, 79; Anna Case, 72; Daniel
Cahow, 76; George W. Collver, Y0; Jonathan A. Dusenberry, 68 ; Jo-
seph Dennis, 69 ; Elizabeth Dorminda, 66 ; John P. Demarest, Y2 ;
Thomas J. Hiles, 65 ; Philip Hopkins, 65 ; William Howell, 65 ; Han-
nah Hagaman, 66 ; Eliza Hunt, Y6 ; Rebecca Hunt, Y0 ; Joseph John-
son, 70; Elizabeth Jones, 65; John C. Koyt, 74; Elizabeth Koyt, 65;
Elizabeth Kays, 82 ; Edmund Lord, 76 ; Elizabeth Maines, 83 ; Charles
Mackerly, 72; Mary Mackcrly, 69; Mary Moore, 78 ; Sarah Morris,
96; George Quick, 70; Mary Quick, 74; Mary Richards, Y7 ; Samuel
Shotwell, 66 ; Rachel Slater, 70 ; D. C. Snook, 73 ; Elizabeth Sharpe,
84 ; J. J. Terwilliger, 69 ; Catharine C. Van Blarcom, 70 ; Mary A.
Kays, 79 ; Martha T. Kays, 84.

The Indian war-path leading to the Minisink set-
tlement passed through the southwest portion of the
village by what is called the Indian Spring, located
on the premises of the late William Armstrong, and
through the locality known as the Indian field, where
flints and various adornments peculiar to the race
have since been found.



Thomas Schofield, son of James Schofield,
was born in the township of Ha rdyston, Sussex
Co., N. J., April 22, 1823. His life was spent
as a farmer, and he was known as an upright
and honest citizen in all the relations of life.
For Beveral years he carried on agricultural
pursuits in his native town, but SOOH after his
marriage he purchased a (arm in the township
of Lafayette, upon which he resided until about
one year prior i" his decease, Feb. 12, 1870.
His wife, Mary I'., is a daughter of Solomon
and Susan (Canfield) Roe, of Green township,
whom he married Dec. 31, 1853. Shewas born
April 13, 1 828, and resides in Newton, N. J.
The only child born of this union is Margaret
E. Schofield.

Mr. Schofield was a member of the Ninth
Church (Presbyterian) most of his life after his
marriage, and was a contributor to and a pro-
moter of worthy load objects. Of a retiring
nature, he never sought after political honors in
his township, but always exercised the right of
suffrage and voted with the Democratic party.
1 le was a plain, unassuming man, and, although
he was never possessed of a robust constitution,
his ambition and courage often went beyond his
physical strength. For some three years prior
to bis death his health gradually gave way, until,
in Istl'.i, he was obliged to give up the active
duties of life, and spenl the las) year of his
existence at the home of his wife, in Green
tow nship.



When the army of the Revolution transferred, their
headquarters from Morristown to Newburg their
Bourse lay through the village of Lafayette, ami tra-
iliticm relates that a detachment encamped near the
Klaekner bridge, that crosses the Paulinskill, for the
night. The horses were fed with hemp and hay
Intermixed with daisies, the seed of which was dis-
seminated, and later became so luxuriant in its growth
as to make extermination a matter of great difficulty.

There died in the vicinity of the village of Lafay-
ii eccentric negro familiarly known as "Colonel
Joe," aged one hundred and thirteen. The negroes
for many miles around were accustomed years ago to
assemble on the bauks of the Delaware for military
parade, generally choosing the Fourth of July for
ilii- patriotic demonstration. The "Colonel" having
been a leading man among them, and having also en-
joyed the prestige of service in the French and Revo-
lutionary wars, was chosen as their commander.
The evening was devoted to festivities, in which the
females joined, and a general frolic ended the au-
spicious day.

In 1K12 occurred the murder of a .Mrs. Cole, by her
daughter, an account of whose trial and execution is
given on page 200 of this work.

The following roll of the "Second Company of the
First Battalion in the First Regiment in the lir-i Bri-
gade of Sussex Militia in the year 1810" is of int. r. -i
a- embodying the name- of many of the representa-
tives of the early families of Lafayette. But one of
the soldiers in this company now survives, Mr. Wil-
liam Morris.

Henry Bale, captain; Thomas Kays, lieutenant; John Chamberliu,
ensign ; James Hunt, Ahimnz Bell, sergeants; Thomas South, aOr<
porol ; William Lane, flfer; George Lane, drummer.


Philip Waldorf, William Chii-ty, Samuel IVttlt, Cornelius Lane, Jacob
Henderahot, Michael Hoof, Jacob Roof, George Stroll-, Jr., 'John
Casada, Jr., Joseph South, !hi\i<l Kny-, Dennis. Morris, Sr. t Jacob L.
Struble, Peter Rale, John Truesdel, 1'eter Hcndershut, Benjamin Hull,
Peter Lantz, Edmun South, William Ileu.kri.hot, William Morris,
Nathaniel Ayres, Johu Morris, James Ryereon, John Yost, William
Coats, Amos Wolverton, Poter Couse, James Fox, John More, Peter
root, Isaac Lannlng, John Gruver, Isaac Kanau, Robert Morris, Den-
nis Morris, Joseph Handel, William Canada, Hugh McCarty, Jr., Ja-
cob Lantz, James Jones, Jacob Roof, Jr., Robert More, John Roe,
Mark Huah. Daniel Predmore, Benjamin Kays, M.ulin Kays, Henry
Couse, Andrew Johnson, John .1. .litis.. n, Nicholas South, Jacob Lary,
Benjamin North, Grant Fiteb, Alirnm Shotwcll, Isaac Goblo, Jacob
Hlznor, Abnor Toland, George Longcore, Joseph Ilendershot, John
Lewis, William Christy, Jr., Peter Suiitli, Jr., David Ginnins, Peter
Northrop, Henry Carpenter, John Turner, Benjamin Perry, George


Stillwater, with a population of 1503, covers an
area of :!il. IT square miles, ami contains U"..l I'.i acres,
lis total assessed value i- ST.". I. <•'_'-, and total taxation


The town lies in the west, upon the Blue Mountain
range, and corners on the north with the towns of
Walpack, Sandyslon, Frank ford, and Hampton. The
boundaries are Walpack and Hampton on the north,
Warren County on the south, Green and Hampton
east, ami Walpack on the west. lis extreme

length between north and south is l 1 ' miles, and its

width iii the broadest part 6j miles.

jurfa I' the country is generally uneven and

hilly, and on the west exceedingly rugged and moun-
tain s. Ponds and watercourses ahoiind. Of the

latter, the most important is the I'aiilinskill, a mill-

Stream of i siderable consequence. The Indian

name of the stream is said to have been Tockhock-

Onetkong. The name I'auliliskill is reported to have
been given it in honor of Pauline, tin 1 daughter of a
Eessian who, upon being taken B prisoner at the

battle of Trenton, was lodged in the vicinity of Still-
water \ illage, and there continued to reside until his

Bj I'iiiu -

death. What his name was does not appear. Swarts-
wood Pond is a handsome sheet of water picturesquely
nestled between two hilly ranges. It measures 3 miles
in length by 1 in width, and is said to have in some
places a depth of 30 feet.t It is a locality much in
favor with pleasure-seekers ami fishermen, for the
convenience of whom a small stem-wheel steamboat
is kept available.

There are in the township four small villages, named
Fredon, Swartswood, Middleville, and Stillwater, each
of which is a postal station.

West of .Stillwater village there is a hill of fossil-
iferous limestone ; the road I'r. mi Stillwater to Mill
Brook crosses its outcrop. The dimensions of the
fossil iff rolls portion are 111 Ml yards in length by lull in
breadth. The stone is grayish blue in color, sub-
crystalline and thin-bedded in its upper portion. I In
the cast, near the magm-ian rock, it is in thicker
l.e.l-, and has fewer fossils. Analysis shows it to be
nearly pure limestone.

The territory now known as the town-hip of Still-
water was tirst peopled by Germans, They came in
previous to L760 in liberal numbers, and -till more

f Its Indian name is said to have been Poyaboleo.



freely after that period. The first of them were John
Peter Bernhardt and his sons-in-law, Caspar Shafer
and Peter Wintermute. Bernhardt and Shafer came
from Germany in 1730, lived near Philadelphia until
1742, and then located in the wilderness where Still-
water village now stands. Peter Wintermute came
upon the ground almost, if not quite, as soon as Bern-
hardt and Shafer. At all events, Shafer and Winter-
mute ahout the same time occupied two farms (on the
Paulinskill) that Bernhardt had bought for their wives,
and in a little while put up mills. From what can be
learned, Mr. Bernhardt must have been an old man
when he came to Stillwater with his sons-in-law, for
it would seem that he took little, if any, part in the
active business of pioneering ; content, doubtless, to
have his young sons-in-law bear the brunt.

Mr. Bernhardt lived in his New Jersey home but
six years. He died Aug. 28, 1748, and was buried in
a graveyard hard by the village, where he had set
apart a lot for church and churchyard, and wherein
he himself was the first to be laid. The old grave-
yard is still to be seen on the road just below the

Mr. Bernhardt's third daughter married a widower,
by name Arrison, in 1760, and moved to Pennsylvania.
Indian troubles forced them to leave there during the
Revolutionary war, and with their children they re-
turned to Stillwater. Mr. Arrison died in 1828, and
with his death his name passed out of Stillwater his-
tory. His sou John was a blacksmith at Stillwater in
1790, but in 1794 moved to Philadelphia. Reference,
therefore, to the Bernhardt and Arrison families is

The first habitation at Stillwater occupied by the
Shafers and Wintermutes was a rude log cabin built
over a huge stump, which, smoothed at the top as best j
it could be, served as the family table for some time.
When they got far enough along to raise a small crop
of grain, the subject of grinding it came upon them
with much emphasis. Casper Shafer was, however,
quite equal to the emergency. He knew what it was j
to endure the miseries of a tedious journey to mill,
for he had more than once crossed the Pohoqualin
Mountain, leading his horse, packed with a grist, over
an Indian trail to a distant mill ; and so he resolved
to build at home a mill of his own. He threw across
the kill a low dam of cobble-stones and gravel, erected
a log hut upon piles at the west end of the dam, fitted
it with simple machinery and a run of stones meas-
uring but 3 feet, and began to grind grain not only
for himself, but for others who chose to avail them-
selves of the convenience. He had presently more
business than he could easily attend to, for his little
mill would grind at its best only five bushels a day.
That was not much, to be sure, but it was a great boon
to settlers for miles around to find a mill so much
nearer home, and so they came to Shafer satisfied to
wait even the slow progress of the miniature mill on
the kill.

After a bit Mr. Shafer resolved to enlarge his sphere
of action, and in 1764 put up — where stands the pres-
ent mill — a better and larger mill with two run of
stones. To it he soon added a saw-mill and oil-mill,
and in 1776 rebuilt the grist-mill upon enlarged plans ;
for by this time the country was pretty well settled, and
business at Stillwater was very brisk. Mr. Shafer
shipped a good deal of Hour to Philadelphia on flat-
boats via the Paulinskill and the Delaware, but the
kill began to sprout dams, and then, of course, flat-
boating had to be abandoned.

When Mr. Shafer's flat-boats came back from Phila-
delphia they brought him such supplies as the country
needed, and thus he was led to embark in the business
of storekeeping as well as milling, although his first
store, occupying a portion of his residence, was not
more than 6 by 8. When his intercourse with Phila-
delphia was cut off he opened a traffic with Elizabeth-
town, and inaugurated what proved for that place a
profitable business connection with Western New

Casper Shafer rose to be a man of importance and
influence in Sussex County. He was appointed county
collector of the funds authorized to be raised by the
Committee of Safety upon the eve of the Revolution-
ary struggle, and was for some time a member of the

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 96 of 190)