James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

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Jacob G. Staley, John Hunt, Jr.; 1859, Jacob J. Roof, Elias R. Goble;
1860, Jacob J. Roof, John Hunt, Jr.; 1861, Jacob J. Roof, Edward
Chandler ; 1862, Jacob G. Staley, John V. Hazen ; 1863-64, Jacob G.
Staley, John M. Keepers; 1865, Edward Chandler, John H. Losey;
1866-68, John M. Keepers, John H. Losey ; 1869, Garret Rosencrans,
Jacob G. Staley; 1870-73, James Lewis, George M. Titman; 1874-
76, George Cook, Joel W. Hubb ; 1877, George Cook, Levi Hender-
shott; 1878, Harrison Cole, Levi Hendershott; 1879, William Smith,
Levi Hendershott; 1880, William Adams, Edward S. Decker.


In 1814 there was a log school-house in Fredon
District, at Coursen's Corners. Among the early
teachers therein were Lucas Sherman, Mr. Richard-
son, Samuel Hutchinson, Mr. Kirkpatrick, James
McCamley, Isaac Wintermute, and Mr. Robinson.

There was no new school building until 1850, when
the present chapel was built. Isaac B. Coursen do-
nated the ground, and, conjointly with members of
the Episcopal, Baptist, Methodist, and Presbyterian
denominations, the school district erected the edifice.
Occasional religious services are held in the second
story, and district school on the ground-floor. The
trustees for 1880 were William P. Coursen, James
Smith, and Linsley Roy.

In 1813 a log school-house was built in Mount
Pleasant District. The first teacher in that school-
house is simply remembered as "a little Yankee."
In 1821 a log cabin, about three-quarters of a mile
north of where Swartswood village now is, served as
a school-house. It had no fireplace, and but a hole
in the roof for the escape of smoke. When a fire was
needed it was built against one end of the cabin,

under the hole in the roof. Charles Worrell, one of
the first teachers in that old cabin, was an exhorter
and singing-master. Between his teaching, his
prayer-meetings, and singing-schools, he made him-
self a famous character in those parts. Later in life
he became a Presbyterian preacher. He is said to be
now living in Hunterdon County at a very great age.

Mrs. Samuel Johnson, now living in Newton, taught
the first school in the Swartswood log school-house.
Later teachers were Ira Mills, Hiram Snook, and
Daniel Durling. The second house was a framed
building. It stood near the site of the present fine
brick building, which was first occupied in 1868. In
1880 the trustees of Swartswood District were Hugh
McDanolds, Ira Ayers, and Joseph Hunt.

In Stillwater District the teachers about 1800 were
Patrick Mucelvany, Mr. Hubbard, Mr. Hand, and
Mr. Boulton. A framed school-house stood near the
Reformed church in 1822. The teacher that year was
Samuel Waddell. In 1831 there was a school-house
on the road from Stillwater to Fredon, and in 1837 a
framed school-house opposite the old burying-ground.
In that house the first teacher was Miss Melitta Con-
dit. In 1842 the present building was erected, and
for some time afterwards was known as "the Acad-
emy." Its first teacher was Isaiah Condit, now a
physician in Dover. In 1880 the principal of the
school was Thamer Snover; the district trustees were
Joseph H. Coursen, Jacob Snover, and John Mains.

In 1834 a framed school-house stood in the Middle-
ville District, opposite the site of the stone building
now in use. In 1834, Polly Hetzel was the teacher.
The present house was built in 1844. The district
trustees in 1880 were Simeon Yetter, J. S. Obdyke,
and J. W. Huff.

In 1849 there were ten school districts in the town-
ship, named, in numerical order, Fredon, Union, Still-
water, Mount Pleasant, Mount Holly, Middleville,
Field, New Paterson, Pleasant Grove, and Mount

Fredon's trustees were William Hunt, John Hunt,
Henry J. Hankinson, William N. Coursen, and I. V.
Coursen. There were 56 children in the district,
whose parents were Luther B. Calvin, Jacob Snook,
Peter Countryman, John Hunt, Frederick Savercool,
Abraham Heter, Elias R. Goble, William N. Cour-
sen, John Stewart, Abraham Johnson, Isaac V. Cour-
sen, J. H. Fields, Henry J. Hankinson, John J. Van
Dorn, William Hunt, George W. Wilson, John
Stephens, James Shotwell, William Mattison, John
Crate, John McCollum, Nicholas A. Cook, Richard
M. Allen.

The trustees of Union were G. C. Shaw and John
V. Hazen. The scholars numbered 35. Their pa-
rents' names were John Shaw, John V. Hazen, Geo.
C. Shaw, Nathan Hazen, John Hunt, Daniel Comp,
Wm. Gray, Daniel Humler, Emory Barrett, Zyperon
Goodrich, Samuel Hunt, Alva Haines, Jacob Cramer,
William ('. Predmore, and William Porter.



The. trustees of Stillwater District were William A.
chafer, Andrew 1 1 nil, Benjamin Van Campen, Silas
Casterline, Garret Rosencrans, Benry Dodder, John
W. Obdyke. There were 7'.i children. Their parents
were .1. W. Obdyke, Benry Puder, John Vought,
JacobS. W'iin. - 1 1 1 1 lit.. Andrew Buff, Silas Casterline,
Sober! Danley, William A. Shafer, Benry Huff,
Jacob Boston, David Lanning, Adam S, Kanoff,
Charles Wintermute, Roberl Struble, Samuel D.
Q r. William Cooper, Garret Rosencrans, Wil-
liam Slater, Jacob Countryman, Matthias Johnson,
John M. Betzel, Samuel Kidney, William L. Kin-
dred, David Hill, Benjamin Van Campen, Ellen
Smalley, N. A. Shafer, Peter I'.. Shafer, Valentine
I . I'.. ( Sondit, John Puder.

'1'h.' trustees of Mount Pleasant were Frederick
Main, James Barris, and Crynus Bloom, The chil-
divn nuinl.ercd :;:!. Their j «:i i-i'ii t~ were t'rynus
Bloom, Jacob D. Main, George Grouse, Peter Saver-
cool, Hannah Angle, Nehemiab Bill, Philip Staley,
Allen Nixon, William Mains, Frederick Mains, Wil-
liam Mills, Abraham Main, James Barris.

The trustees "i Mount Bolly were Joseph Buff and
[saac Bammond. There were 86 children, whose
parents were Jacob G. Staley, [saac Crans, Philip
Bipley, George W. Allen, Jacob Fenner, Samuel
Sliker, Abraham Vanhorn, Joseph Hull' (2d . John
T. Vought, Joseph Hull', John T. Vought, George \.

Vanhorn, John II. Bill, James Saven 1. Christopher

Losey, Peter Devore, John .1. I '. Ogden, William
Losey, Peter Hammon, George B. Wintermute.

John B. Stinson, Stephen Foster, Isaac Bai in,

Martin Groover, George W. Allen, .Teptha A. Win-
termute, John Hardwick, Henry Savercool, i. i_
Losey, Simeon Yetter, John Staley, Andrew Staley,
Casper Losey, Casper Groover, Benjamin Youman,
Jacob Savercool, Jr., George Mering, Jacob Snover,
< leorge Staley.

In Middlevillo District there were .".1 children.

[Their parents were Bampton Andreas, James New-
man, Leonard Martin, John Keen, A. C. Curran, P.
D. Fields, lni ( '. Roy, Christopher Divers, V.sher
Emmons, II. L. Emmons, Philip Groover, John
Huff, Jacob Van Auken, Jacob Crans, Andrew
Bwartswelder, F. 8. Wintermute, Juel [ngersoll,
Keen, Benry Bylenburg, Alpheus <i. Sav-
ercool, Jacob Sickels, William Snyder. Ellen Smith.

In Field District there were us children. Their
parents were Tunis Tunison, Peter Shafer, Samuel
Price, Isaac Ward. .lames Merkcl, Robert Roy, Reu-
ben F. Randolph, Bowdoin Roy, Esther Roy, Nathan
Emmons, Elias Dauglen, Michael Begle, i'.. A. Pot-
ter, Charles Roy, John R. Fields.

There were 62 children in New Paterson District,
Their parents were John V. Uankinson, Michael J.
Ferrier, Jacob Bibbler, Philip Mackey, Shadrach F,
Smith, Timothy Bough, Ephraim Moore, [saac Hen-
dershot, David Emmons, Ann Struble, William I '.nun,
James Oliver, Jacob Crans, George Thompson, Henry

Murphy, Thos. Bunterdon, Blisha Hooey, [saac II' o-
dershott, I ■'. S. Pittinger, George Ayere, Bannah Oli-
ver, .Muse- Morris, Wra. Southard, <'lari-sa Conklin,
Samuel Thompson, Jeremiah 1 1. Peters.

In Pleasant Grove District the children numbered
51. Their parents were name. I | taniel Marvin, Benry
Bedell, Moses Morris, Clarissa Conkleton, Cornelius
Seytse, Cornelius De Groat, Andrew sliker. .la-.
Schoonover, Eliza Marvin. Jacob Yetter, .la-. Butler,
John Blackford, Elisha Booge, John M. Emery.

In Mount Benevolence District there were 40 chil-
dren. Their parents were I [enry Van I [orn, Matthias
Bwartswelder, Simon Hill. Stephen It. Blackford,
Philip Van Horn, Leonard Bardwick, Michael Hill.
Win. Titman, Wm. Blackford, Philip Savercol, Wm.
Schoonover, Wm. Honey, Wm. Savereu.il. Samuel
Blackford, Alpheus Savercool.

Tin- total of -eh.,.. | children in the township in
1849 numbered 524; in 1880 there were 622, and the
whole number enrolled was 881. Out of these, the
average attendance at the public schools was less
than :«>0.

The value of school property is Bet down at 15420.
The amount received yearly from all sources for pub-
lic school purposi - is $2670.


The tir-t house of worship in Stillwater was built

conjointly by members of the German Lutheran and
German Calvinist denominations, who worshiped al-
ternately tin rein. The church was completed some
lime during 1771. and stood within the graveyard
near Stillwater village. It was a plain structure,
85 by 40, with bench -eats and a gallery. The pulpit
was shaped like a tub, and had underneath a -mall
latticed inclosure into which it was the custom of the
minister to retire briefly before ascending into the


There was irregular preaching to lslil, and, by that
time the Dutch Reformed element of the congrega-
tion having risen into the ascendant, application was

made for admission tO the care of the * la — i- of New

Brunswick. From that time forward to 1828 minis-
ten were sent regularly to preach at Stillwater, al-
though al no time was a regular pastor employed.

Although it cannot 1»- ascertained thai there was
any church organization prior to 1828, it appears from
certain records that on .Ian. In, 1788, a number of
persons calling themselves members of the Reformed
Association of Bardwick Bigned articles of religious
faith. The Bignera were named George Wintermute,
Peter Hint/, Casper shafer. John Schuster, Martin
Schwartzweller, Adam Kundal, Philip Mann, Wil-
liam Savercool, John Kinn, George Kinn, Valentine
Vogt, Jacob Dotterrer, Frederick Schnauber, John
Schnauber, Jacob Riat, I'.. Kuhn, Anthony Safer,

Adam Stoffle, Jacob Saver 1. Henry Savercool,

John Kummel, Jr., Peter Bundel, John Savercool,



Conrad Haerr, Adam Kundel, Jacob Kundel, George
Eeihn, John Reihn, George Kundel, John Shafer,
Isaac Sinn, John Jung, John Kundel, Henry Nutten,
David Hafer, Christian Muhlz, Jacob Bunkar.

We learn from an entry in the church records of
date June 13, 1823, that the congregation worship-
ing in the meeting-house at Stillwater met on this
day, according to previous notice, and was organized
into a regular Presbyterian Church, Henry B. Win-
termute and Isaac Wintermute being elected and or-
dained ruling elders. The church was organized and
the elders ordained by Rev. Joseph Campbell and Jo-
seph L. Shafer, as a committee previously appointed
by the Presbytery of Newton in consequence of an
application of the congregation to be taken under the
care of that Presbytery.

The members received into the new organization
June 13, 1823, were named as follows : Henry Kish-
paugh, Isaac Wintermute, Barnet Wintermute, Jacob
Mingle, Sarah Kishpaugh, Joseph Henry, Joseph
Anderson, Anne Anderson, Magdalen Wintermute,
Martha Wintermute, Sarah Wintermute, Nancy Min-
gle, Reumah Agney, Rachel Wintermute, Mary Kish-
paugh, Elizabeth Teel, Mary Swartzwelder, Elsie
Hankinson, Martha L. Huff, Christian Reamer, Alice
Wilson, Susanna Wintermute, Fanny Hammond,
Lydia Ulp. Fanny Hammond continued a member
of the church to April 24, 1880.

The congregation worshiped in the old stone church
until 1837, when the structure was abandoned as un-
safe, and the place of worship transferred to the village
school-house. The old church stood untenanted until
1847, when it was pulled down.

To 1837 the pastors had been Revs. B. I. Lowe and
T. McDermott. In 1837, Rev. T. B. Condit was en-
gaged to preach on trial, and at the end of two years
was called to be the pastor.

From 1837 to the fall of 1838 meetings were held
chiefly in the village school-house and once in a while
in Mr. Shafer's barn. Early in 1838 a movement
looking to the erection of a new church was set afoot,
and progressed so rapidly that the building was dedi-
cated in the autumn of 1838. At that time the mem-
bership was 80. The church cost $2200, and was at
that time considered a house of worship of some archi-
tectural pretensions. Indeed, it is to-day a neat and
commodious edifice.

Rev. T. B. Condit preached the dedicatory sermon,
and thenceforward continued to be the church's pas-
tor through a period of forty-two years. Although
now nearly fourscore years of age, Mr. Condit still
continues to discharge the active duties of the pastor-
ate, preaching also at Swartswood. For the greater
portion of his forty-three years of service at Still-
water he has averaged from two to three sermons each
Sunday, besides preaching frequently during the
week. He estimates that in the forty-three years he
has preached about eight thousand sermons. In
1837 lie organized a Sunday-school in connection with

the church, and until lately has had it under his per-
sonal charge. The present superintendent is Daniel

The church membership in January, 1881, was
about 50. The elders then were Daniel Shrekagast
and Martin Fritz. Besides the church building, the
society owns a fine parsonage that cost $2


What is now known as the Harmony Methodist
Episcopal Church originated in a Methodist Episcopal
Class organized in 1802 in Jacob Mains' log house by
Revs. Elijah Woolsey and Gamaliel Bailey. There
were twelve members in that class, but the names of
only ten can be recalled. The ten were Jacob Mains
and wife, Catharine Mains, Mary Mains, Christianna
Mains, Abram Mains, James Egbert and wife, Mr.
Kimball and wife. James Egbert was the leader.
Among the earliest to join were Jacob Savercool,
Jacob Banghart and wife, Conrad Hammond and
wife, Samuel Lanney and wife.

The class was attached to the Flanders Circuit, and
Rev. Elijah AVoolsey assigned as the preacher in
charge, with Gamaliel Bailey as his assistant. The
circuit was a very large one, and called for a journey
of nearly 400 miles. As an indication of how the
Methodist Episcopal preachers were worked in those
days it may be remarked that Woolsey and Bailey
preached from eight to twelve times every week while
traveling that great circuit. From 1802 to 1833 the
other preachers on the circuit were Revs. Johnson
Dunham, John Walker, William Mills, George
Wooley, Joseph Stevens, John Bethel, Thomas Smith,
S. Hill, George Banghart, Thomas Neal, S. J. Cox,
Joseph Bennett, Joseph Osborne, James Quayle,
Bartholomew Weed.

From 1802 to 1833 meetings were held at the houses
of Jacob Mains and his son Abram. In 1833, Rev.
Caleb A. Lippincott undertook to obtain subscriptions
towards the erection of an edifice at Stillwater, and
that year Harmony church was erected, at a cost of
$1300. The dedicatory sermon was preached by Rev.
Isaac Winner.

In 1833 the membership was upwards of 100, and
the class-leaders Conrad Ervay and Frederick Mains.
The trustees were Frederick Mains, John Puder, J.
R. Wintermute, J. D. Mains, Philip Van Horn, and
T. A. Dildine.

From 1833 to 1839 the ministers on the circuit were
Revs. Joseph Chattels, Isaac Winner, Sedgwick Rus-
lings, C. H. Whittaker, Edward Saunders, W. C. Nel-
son. In 1839, Stillwater was made a "station." After
that the preachers in charge were Revs. John M.
Crane, W. C. Nelson, R. B. Westbrook, Mathew Mal-
lison, Joseph M. Pearson, Sylvan us W. Decker,
Manning Force, Martin Herr, William M. Bur-
roughs, Thomas S. Wilson, Cornelius Clark, Sr., J.
B. Matthews, I. N. Van Zandt, Walter Chamberlain,
James II. Runyon, T. S. Gordon, George O. Oar-



michael, Jacob Tyndall, James Hartpence, Amasa
Smith, Henry Litta, Frederick Bloom.

In January, 1881, Rev. Frederick Bloom was the
preacher in charge, at which time a membership of
upwards of 200 was claimed. The class-leader was
J. W. Opdyke, and the trustees A. T. Mains, \V. A.
Mains, Philip Mackey, J. D. Bloom, J. E. Hough.
James Harris, the oldest member of tin- church, has
been in full connection more than fifty years.

The Harmony Methodist Episcopal Sunday-school
has been in existence Bince 1 333. The present super-
intendent is H. 8. Mains.


In 1833, Thomas A. Dildine, Peter Eean, William
Tiliuan, and Jacob Knot' joined with others in the

erection of a framed church about 2\ miles north of
the then village of New Paterson. There was no
church organization, but in a little time the name of
"The Second Presbyterian Church of Stillwater" was
bestowed by common consent, — because, perhaps, of
the members of various denominations meeting there,
those professing the Presbyterian faith were in the
majority. Minister- were supplied, as a general thing,
by the Newton Presbytery, although to 1837 the
greater part of the preaching was provided by Rev.

Thomas McDermott, pa-tor at Stillwater. In 1837,
Rev. T. B. Condit, assuming charge at Stillwater,

began to preach at New Paterson also. I'ntil IS.jO
the old church was occupied, but, then being pro-
nounced untenable, was abandoned.

There was a lapse in church history until 18-Vi.
when a reorganization was clfccted, and the Swarts-
wood Presbyterian Church supplied the vacancy. In
Is.Vi the present house of worship was completed, at
a cost of $2500.

In 18.'J7 the New Paterson church had 20 members;

in 1881 the Swartswood church had 2~>.

Rev. T. B. Condit has preached at New Paterson
and Swartswood uninterruptedly since 1837.


In 1846, Rev. Mr. Adams was holding Methodist

Episcopal meetings in the New Paterson school-house,

but before that time, it is said, liev. ( 'aleb A. I.ippin-
cotl organized a Methodist Episcopal class at New

Preachers assigned to Harmony visited New Pater-
son occasionally, but a regular preaching-point was
not established there until 1852, when the name of
the village was changed to Swartswood. The preacher
in charge was then Rev. John A. Switzer.

In 1856, J. P. Hankinson deeded a church lot to
Timothy Hough in trust for the Swartswood Meth-
odist Episcopal Society, conditioned upon the hitter

being organized, and further conditioned Upon the
erection of house of worship upon the lot. The

Stipulated conditions were accordingly fulfilled, Tim-
othy James Schoonover, II. M. A 1 1 > 1 1 . G. I. Groover,

and M. E. Hough being chosen trustees, :n^>\ in Aug-

ust, 1856, the house was completed. Its cost was
$1600. In 1856 the membership was but a dozen or
so; in January, 1881, it approached 80. The trus-
tees were then J. F. McCloughan, B. H. Titman, Jr.,
James Harris, Nelson Hendershott, Orson Huff, Jo-
seph Hunt, and Alexander Hunt. The preacher in
charge was Rev. Frederick Bloom.



The site of the village of Stillwater is said to have
been bought in 1742 by Casper Shafer and John P.
Bernhardt. Shafer was possessed of a good deal of
energetic enterprise, and began at onee to found a
village upon his new purchase by the building of a
-tore, tannery, and grist-mill. An influx of German
settlers helped matters on amazingly, and Mr. Shafer,
christening his hamlet Stillwater, made, with others,
some pretty strong efforts to cause the county-seal to
be located there. These efforts came to nothing, how-
ever, and Stillwater thereupon relapsed into semi-

In 1816, Abram Shafer and his son-. Nathan and
Peter, had a store, grist-mill, tannery, blacksmith-
shop, oil-mill, earding-niaehinc, and distillery at Still-
water village, and were largely engaged, likewise, in
farming in the yianitj They empl: \ da good m u>\
people, and among the rest had in 1816 as many as a
dozen slaves. Samuel J. Squires was their black-
smith, and James Beatty their miller.

Qershom Opdyke kept a public-house at Stillwater

in L816, but before that for many years the Shafers
lodged travelers and sold whisky to all the country
for miles around. The Shafers were progressive busi-
ness men, and their fame as well as their many enter-
prises extended far beyond the borders of the county.

Somehow, the generation coming into the business
just before the middle of the nineteenth century railed
to keep it up to the usual high standard. Reverses ot
fortune followed rapidly, and by 1850 the former great
interest of the Shafers at Stillwater had dwindled to
nothing. At one time they owned about twenty
farms, and in their business enterprises employed as
many as fifty people. Their possessions Were great,
but an untoward fate gave them wing-.

Abram, son to Casper Shafer. about 1780, built a

stone dwelling-house in the village; it yet stands,

doing duty as a residence, and likely to do it for years

to i •. Still older than that, however, is the stone

house near the old huryiiig-gnmnd. It was built
by John Winterniiite, but now belongs to David l.an-


In 1 s:;7 there was a post-office at Stillwater, and in
that year P. P.. Shafer was postmaster. There may
have been all office before that time, ami doubtless

wa- : but do one seems to recoiled it. The postmas-
ter nexl succeeding shafer was J. H. Coursen, who
ha- occupied the office ever since bis iir>t appoint-



The first resident physician at Stillwater of whom
there is present remembrance was a German named
Schumel. Dr. J. B. Dunlap followed him, and Dr.
Charles V. Moore, now the village physician, took
possession of the field in 1845.


In 1824 the site of what is now the village of
Swartswood was a forest. In that year Jonathan
Oliver came from Johnsonsburg to take possession of
land and mill property he had bought of Patrick
Cassady. The village-site now occupies the land.
Cassady had been feebly carrying on a saw-mill
there, but, some time previous to selling out to Oli-
ver, had abandoned the mill and moved away. One
William Jones was temporarily occupying Cassady's
house when Oliver came upon the ground, and near
by lived Fritz Merkle.

Oliver, who was a carpenter by trade and a man of
considerable energy, conceived the notion of creating
a village on his property, and took hold with a will.
He restored the saw-mill, set up a tannery, and
cleared the land rapidly. Then he built a few houses
for his employees, invited attention to his hamlet by
naming it New Paterson, and sold a few village lots.
He built a store and leased it to George Mushback.
A little later he built a second tannery and second
saw-mill, about a mile above New Paterson. He
pushed affairs merrily and saw his village grow

At one time the village trade supported two stores.
Samuel Snover built a tavern in 1832, but closed it
after a few years' trial. A second inn was then
opened by George Dutton. Snover's tavern is now
the residence of William I. Ayers, and the Dutton
tavern the house occupied by George Ayers.

In 1846 a post-office was established at New Pater-
son, and Joseph McDanolds, then keeping store there,
was appointed postmaster.

In 1852 the village name was changed, by reason of
some confusion in the matter of mail delivery, letters
for New Paterson frequently going to Paterson. The
new name chosen was " Swartswood," doubtless be-
cause of Swartswood Pond, near by. The pond is
supposed to have been originally called Swartwout's
Pond, in remembrance of the man who was tortured
to death by Indians near there, but, for some unex-
plained reason, the name of Swartswood was substi-
tuted, — perhaps because not quite so awkward of pro-

Swartswood's first resident physician was a Dr.
Cross, who after a brief stay died in 1870. In 1871,
Dr. J. F. Cloughan entered into the village practice,
and still remains.


Middleville is scarcely more than a hamlet, albeit
it boasts a store, a tavern, and a wheelwright-shop.

Rhodes & Everett opened the first store in 1832, in
the building now used as a tavern. The place must

have been a sort of rallying-point for gin-drinkers,
since it was known far and wide as Gin Point. At
that time Hunt's Mills bore the additional name of
Brandy Hook, and New Paterson that of Rum Cor-
ner, so that it is altogether likely the consumption of
ardent spirits was industriously pursued upon every

In 1832, Gershom Opdyke opened a public-house

Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 98 of 190)