James P Snell.

History of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : online

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opposite the present tavern, and in 1833 a post-office
was established, with the name of Centreville. Hamp-
ton Andress was the first postmaster, and after him
Joseph Andress, Jr., Andrew Swartswelder, and Oscar
Andress.

Samuel and Jackson Kimball helped business along
by starting a blacksmith-shop, and, as Samuel Huff
had for some time been carrying on a saw-mill on the
site of Casper Losey's present stone mill (built by
James Case), Centreville flourished.

It appearing after a while that New Jersey had
another Centreville, with an earlier claim to the name,
the village and post-office were rechristened Middle-
ville.

FREDON.

The place now called Fredon is simply a collection
of a dozen or more houses and a comfortable-looking
hotel called "The Fountain House;" but business
interests, aside from a grist-mill, it has none.

About half a mile below the village, where the
district school-house stands, Isaac Coursen started a
store before 1811. In that year his brothers, Abram
and Gershom Coursen, merchants, of Hope township,
were carrying on the Isaac Coursen store, and about
that time David Gustin opened a second store there,
upon the ground now occupied by the school-house,
The Coursens set up a blacksmith-shop, and, an em-
bryo village thus cropping out, the name of Hard-
wick was bestowed upon it. Upon the creation of a
post-office at that point the name of Hardwick was
replaced by that of Coursen's Corners. Isaac V.
Coursen was appointed the first postmaster, and re-
tained possession of the office until 1855. His son,
William P. Coursen, was then appointed, and still
continues. The office has therefore been held by the
Coursen family upwards of seventy years.

Shortly before his death, in 1855, Isaac Coursen
caused the village and post-office names to be changed
to Fredon, but why he did so or what suggested the
name is a question that none can now answer.

The Coursen and Gustin stores were both destroyed
by fire, whereupon Gustin abandoned the field, and
Coursen, building a new store, — the old abandoned
building yet to be seen at the Corners, — was thereafter
the only trader at Coursen's Corners.

William Hunt opened a public-house on the John-
sonsburg road, near the Corners, at an early clay, but
failed to make a great success of it. The Fountain
House was built by Harrison Cole in 18(!4.

Allen Coursen built a grist-mill on the present Wil-
liam Smith property, and there also had his home.



STILLWATElt.



389



Tin- mill wus burned in 1848. It was restored by
William Smith & Brother, who are still the proprietors,

VII.— STILLWATER'S AGED PEOPLE.

In June, 1880, Stillwater contained forty-seven

people who were aged between sixty and sixty-five.

Those reckoning their years upwards of sixty-five axe

nam.. I here:

lliunmh Angle, 73; Lewis Anderson, 73 Sarall 1'.

, 06; Susan Bloom, sir, Henry Bodlo, 75; Jluv l:
Bahlon Bailey, 70; Stcphon Blackford, 00; Bannah Blackford, 09 ;
William Blackford, 72 ; Margaret Bunu.W ; Jesse B
wnr,l "handler, 67; Pliouo Courson,79; Jacob Crawn, - I

Crawn, fill; Thunli-I It Condi!, To ; li.-l i I'ondil, li.j ; Jw-oli M.

Divers, 72; Mary Divers, 71; Lewis Dockor, 05; Palar Devoro,73;
Margaret n,.\.., i i , Pamella Breritt,

86; Julia Rarls, 06 J Martin Frctz, 71 ; Sarall Gray, 65; i u ,,lineGo-
blc, Co; Subbd (Sunn, 7 v ; John V. Bazen, 71 ; Kuphemla Bazen, 7J;
John 111101,7s, Catharine Hunt, 70; Sarah Hamler, 84; Julia Bant,
■ ;s ; Hargurel Hammond, 70; Neheuilnh 11111,87; Susan Bill, 81;
Mary Hanklnaou, i Lydlalloooy,78; Hli Inn I Bill, 60; Susan Bill,
69; Andrew Hull,.;-; Sophia linn", 07; Timothy Bough, 79; Bill*
Hough, 76; Margaret llondershut, 72; Mathtas Johnaon, 78; Mart

Johnson, 73; Catharine W. K B8; Petal t£intner,71; Amanda

Kintuer, 08; vuna Lane, 80; Abram Mnluea, 68; Phebe Moines, 69;
Man M (.nil .. . I !., I M ,n,. I ..-t it i.i Mi.ii,. -, 00; Philip

Uackey, 68; John Ozeubaiigh, 05; Rel ii Ozenbnugh, 65; John

W. Obdykc, 68; Elizabeth Obdyke, 68; Frederick Pittonger, 81;
Sarah Plttenger, 80 ; Sarall Pottcr,66; Boben I. Boy, 66 ; John 0.
81iaw,65; Elizabeth Shaw,65; Petci Sliufor, 84; Nnn.j Sharer, 7 3 ;
Isaac Slikor, 66; John P. Smith, 72; James Savorcool, 66 ; Andrew
Bilker, 76; Catharino Slikor, 80; Mnriah Sliker,76; Elizabeth Staley,

70; Willlani Schoonuver, 69 ; Ann Struble, 87; Isabel sun- Blj

Fanny Swartaweller, 68; Tunis Tunlson, 84; Sarah Toniaoir, 69;
Anna Vandniff, 69; Sarah Wlntonnute, 65 ; John Wlntermul
Joptha A. Wlntonnnt.., l» ; Klizjibeth Wintenniite, 67; Jomes WB-
llama, 73; Hannah Williams, 69; Sarah latter, 66.

VIII. STILLWATER IN" THE REBELLION.

\..i much ran lir ";li-:iucil from tin- township rec-
ords touching Stillwater's efforts in the matter of fur-
nishing soldiers for the Federal service during the
{par of the Rebellion. The first town-meeting upon
the subject was held al Peter Kintner's tavern, in
Middle villi-, Aug. 2S, lSii:', "to ascertain the amount
Of money thai should In- raised to each volunteer that
enlists iii this township until the present call of the
Governor is filled." It was unanimously voted to pay
each volunteer the sum of $200, to raise the money by
tax, and to authorize the town committee to borrow
and distribute the money.

At a second meeting, on Oct. 24, ISM, il was voir. I
to hitv substitutes, al a sum not to exceed $800 each,
ami thai Garrel Rosencrans and Oscar Andress hire
the men.

Al a third meeting, Dee. 7, |S(i:l, il was \.iteil to
pa) $300 each lor volunteers to lill the January call.
It was also voted thai all persons subject to the first
draft should l>.- taxed equally on the township.

I'l ffer of $300 per man did no! bring volunteers

forward so rapidly as desired, and therefore, al a
meeting Dee. 30, 1868, an additional sum of $100 per
man was voted, and n resolution pas-.. I increasing
the poll tax to $5 p< r capita.

At a lie- held Dec. 29, 1864, the town simpl)

Authorized the town committee to raise the men and



monej needed. For men to lill the call of July, 1864,
tin town paid a total of $24,395.90 in bounty money.

For one man s4mi was paid; for nine others, $500

each : for twenty-seven others, $675 each ; and for one

the sum of s;imi. All told, thirty-eight men were
supplied.

Under the call of December, L864, the number of

i i : .I. -.1 thirty-four. Twenty-four of

them cost $700 each, and ten of them $820 |

The whole amount expended reached *2">, I2li.iI2.



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH.

ROBERT I. BOY.
His grandfather, [nsley Roy, came from Basking

Itidge, S T-et Co.. N. .1., and purchased land in

Stillwater township prior to the Revolutionary war,




Z^//




and during that memorable struggle he served as
wagon-masti r.

[nsley Roy married a daughter of Joseph Rhoades,
who came from England and Bettled in Stillwater
township, where he died. Roberl I. Roy's father was
charhs Roy, and his mother was Elizabeth, a daugh-
ter of Ralph Hunt, of Stillwater. Their children are
Thoephus (deceased, Kansas : Isabella (deceased ;
Sarah deceased), married Rev. Samuel \\

Illinois; Robert L; Mary Ann (deceased); Martha

(deceased |, married William l. Green, of Johnsons-



390



SUSSEX COUNTY, NEW JERSEY.



burg, N. J.; Abbie (deceased); Ralph (deceased);
and William C, residing in Green townsbip.

Robert Insley Roy was born on the homestead in
Stillwater, Dec. 14, 1814. His education was received
at the common schools of his native place, and his
early life mostly spent on the farm.

In 1852 he married Margaret I., daughter of William
Divers, of Stillwater. Their children are Joseph I.,
of Ohio Centre, Kansas ; Alvin, Milton, and William.



Mr. Roy has followed farming during his life and
has been a successful agriculturist. He is a member
of the Republican party, but has never sought or held
office. Both he and his wife are members of the
Harmony Methodist Episcopal Church in Stillwater
township, and contributors to church and charitable
interests.

Mr. Roy is known as a man of strict honesty and
correct habits, a useful citizen, and a kind neighbor.



FKANKFOR D;



I.— DESCRIPTION, Etc.

The township of Frankford — one of the fairest of
the townships of Sussex County — is bounded north
by Wantage ; south by Hampton ; east by Lafayette ;
■west by Sandyston. It for a long series of years main-
tained its reputation as a commercial centre, the ham-
let of Augusta having been a point of much import-
ance when many other now thriving villages were but
fertile fields.

The industries of the township are principally di-
rected towards the products of the dairy, butter and
milk having been shipped in very considerable quan-
tities. This does not, however, preclude the raising
of the usual cereals, which are grown with much suc-
cess and find a ready market.

Frankford has an average length of 9 miles and a
width of 5, and ranks in area as one of the larger
townships of the county.

The population of Frankford is given by the last
census as 1680, and the total of taxable inhabitants is
563. The amount taxed during the year was $906,459.
The township pays as her proportion of the State and
county tax, including the two-mill tax, $4297.30.
The road-tax is $1812.91, the township tax $2417.24,
the special school-tax $1858.99, and the poll-tax $375.
The total amount of duplicates is $10,791.52. The
rate of tax is $9.44 per $1000.

These figures afford the reader some information re-
garding the financial standing of the township, and
place Frankford in the foremost rank among her
sister-townships.

II.— NATURAL FEATURES.

In natural beauty the township of Frankford far
surpasses most other portions of the county. The sur-
face varies greatly in localities, the southeastern por-
tion being level, with but few declivities, and these
abounding in limestone. The north and northwestern

* By E. 0. Wagner.



area is uneven and generally stony, though the latter
fact does not modify its productiveness. The average
soil of Frankford may be described as fertile and well
adapted to the growth of the staple grains of the
State.

The natural beauty of Frankford is greatly en-
hanced by the Blue Mountain chain which lies upon
its western boundary and separates it from Sandyston.
Through these mountains is a natural pass known as
Culver's Gap, which, besides greatly enhancing the
natural interest attached to the locality, has been util-
ized as the popular turnpike route from Newton to
Milford.

The township is amply watered by streams and
lakes. Two beautiful sheets of water — Culver's Lake
and Long Lake, lying in the southwest and west —
afford, through the outlet of the former, an admirable
water-power, which has been extensively drawn upon
for manufacturing purposes. Dry Brook, running
through the centre and named from the fitful nature
of the stream, and the Papacating Creek, on the east-
ern side, are the principal watercourses.

III.— EARLY SETTLEMENTS, Etc.

The Price family, one of the most prominent in the
early settlement of Frankford, trace their origin in the
township to the advent of three brothers, John, Sam-
uel, and Robert, who were of English extraction and
first settled in Connecticut. They were extensive
shippers, owned vessels, and were well supplied with
worldly goods. The brothers sailed in their own
merchantmen, and continued their shipping interest
in New England until the loss of valuable cargoes by
shipwreck compelled its abandonment, when they
came to New Jersey and followed the Wallkill valley
to the Papacating Creek in quest of farming lands.

John returned to Connecticut, and eventually to
seafaring. Robert and Samuel remained, the former
having settled on lands near the Frankford Plains
church, now occupied by Z. Simmons, and Samuel



FRANKFORD.



391



upon lands at present owned by Klijah .Martin and
William Lantz, lialf a mile from his brother. Tiny
both died in the township, Samuel leaving two sons,
Zachariah and Francis. The latter had no children;
the former, who was a landed proprietor, had five
sons, — Henry, Zachariah, Francis, Robert, and John.
The descendants of these children now in the town-
ship are Zachariah II. and Sarah, wife of Joseph A.
Osborn. Samuel, the son of Robert Price, resided
at Branchville, where his grandson, Dr. J. C. Price,
is a practicing physician.

Francis Price was a man of much influence in his
day. He was lor years a justice of the peace, and
solemnized most of the marriages of that early
period. He maintained business relations, more or
less extended, with most of the residents of the
county, and established a reputation for integrity
and kindness to those less abundantly supplied with
worldly goods.

There appears in his ledger an account against
William Booth, made in 1791, amounting to £2 "m.
7'/., under which the following remark is written:

"William Booth shall not ho suod for the ulwive Imlaliee, nor any ac-
tion drought against him for it, because In' is a |ss,t man "

Among entries in his book of accounts are the fol-
lowing:

"Peter Hopkins, Dr., June 13, 1770, to my garding tho Continental
oh two hands nix days at Clni,|.,|.|ier t'aises meddo JL-if> 0». Od.

And finding one hand at Robert A. Ian -ddo £18 l.">«. Od. I paid for

yon at Will,,,., £016».3d. You are to pay for Timothy Co -in, El

"July loth, to my getting two continental horses ahoed £J 15». 9<f.
My going to Hrookh-u forge to l.uy a horse for you Co 10*. Od. Ingaged
to Unity -eight pounds ami a half of pork you had of my i utioii,,

"May 27, 1780, to one silver dollar lent, delivered to Mn. Hopkins,
£0 7i. id.

"Octobor 2G, 1778, To my expenses when Killing to Dye forreg for the
colitenantul teems at Koberl \

":ilst of In, i mio ii, 177s.

" iteceivo«l of Gapt'n Frauds Price rouchersfoi forage and cash and
his time ussisting me in byelng forage the amount ol nil the cash ho has

reeeive.l of lilt! Jllel for live Inisliels of , a |t whi-h li-' bought of Hie ami

one cask by mo.

" PirrER UorKiNS.

" FllAV IS l'llli K.

" N.B. Tlio work ol c, Icefl ti on- is to be sot tol ed on a Count of a
note of £180 Of. Otf., which I hare against biro.

" February 4th, 1780, Peter Hopkins Dr. I for one pair of silver

E206 ii,. od., live hundred and lilty ilollurs.

"Potor Hopkins Dr. to me for one-third part of a Barrll of Plckeled

and Al.ijiih Hopkins and Joseph Hewitt had the other two.

i Inn I, To my arbitrating between Bcnjaman Bopkinaand Ur. Seoritn.

"1781, to six Boehllsol wheal roi your sell ondCapt'n Brodrickand
you answered to me in whisky 1 D nil

■• November loth iT,s, Uien Ja , Adams Begun with my team in the

servico of the contliiaiit ami went to Henry Itails mill with a load of
llookwheal mill then to the louit hOUBQ wltli it.

" Uaroh 27, 1770, Benjamin Barton Dr. to me fur a grot coat you Bought

of me, £26 Be. Od.

" April 1st, then your teeme with six crctors and man was b two

nites ami one day, U no. Od.

u 1700, October 2fith, Coonrod gonUennan to Francis Prlco Dr. for oc-
knowledging a Power atorney you ongaged to me, £u Is. >'■ I

".lone 3rd, ITso. tl Paniiel petorson look ton mov

tine,- vein, i, ii. I i, l.. give no i pounds of g.»oil wool every Vein ami at tho

sod of said threo years to Retnro ten p tome again.

" February .".th, ITS!', I'.l.ene/.er geeii,. Dr. to niv getting an Indenture
Kit for your Boyo £0 2s. Gd.



" 1788, March 2Gtb, then settled all arcompts with Daniel Predmore
Jon* and wee was even.

"1777 Samuel Dunn Cr. for foro days ami a half work Down wbare
my wife lived, £2 o«. Od.

" Robert Mathars Dr. to one Boehel of perlators £0 2s. Od.

" Herrings for eighteen pence JEn 1*. C.f,

" September 21st, 1772, to one soroons against Joseph me coy not served.
Cost of ritlng is £0 0«. CJ."

The oldest survivor in the township among the
early settlors is the venerable Tobias Haines, who
was born in L792, in the northwest portion ol' tin-
township, on land at present owned by Nelson Phil-
lip, and occupied by .lame- M. Shay. Mr. Haines
has for fifty years resided on a farm near the centre
of the township, but finds his home at present with
a daughter, Mrs. Jacob R. Roe. He is of German
descent, and, having been for years identified with
the interests of Frank lord, ha, his memory stored
with valuable reminiscences.

Isaac Colt came from Connecticut to the township
about 1770, and settled upon a farm near the hamlet
of Augusta. He was remarkable for devotion to the
interests of the church, and was regularly seen on
Sabbath mornings wending his way on horseback to
the house of worship. His descendants siill reside

in Frankford.

John Stoll was of Hollandish descent, and was
reared in the Minisink settlement. His home was at
Augusta, where he located during the latter part of
the last century. His sons are deceased, though a
later generation still resides in the township.

The progenitor of the Bray family in Frankford
was Thomas Bray, who came at least one hundred
and fifty years ago Bud settled in the northern por-
tion of the township. Mr. Bray followed farming
pursuits for a while, but in his later years resumed
his former occupation, — that of leaching. Ilisgrand-
Bon, John, now represents the family in Frankford.

David Phillips, the first member of the Phillips
family in the county, settled a mile below Branch-
ville in 177:!, on the farm now occupied by William
II. Km 1 . His three sons, John, James, and William,
are deceased, and the family are now represented by
the children of the latter two brothers.

Henn Si k was of ( ieruian extraction, and came

in L760. He remained until 1820, and was buried in

the Frankford Plains cemetery. His family em-
braced two daughters, one of whom was the mother
of Tobias 1 laines.
Thomas Armstrong came from Middlesex Co.,

N. J., in 1782, having been a soldier in the war
of the Revolution. He at first settled in Wantage,
then removed to New York State, and in 1 7 '. » 1 located
in Frankford, on land purchased of Benjamin Bar-
ton. He survived until his eighty-second year and
died ill 1838, OD the farm now occupied by his ,,,n,

Robert V. Armstrong, the only survivor now living

in Frankford of a family of four sons. The original

deed conveying the property to Benjamin Barton is
dated 17S7, and mentions £1125 as the price paid for



392



SUSSEX COUNTY, NEW JERSEY.



the property. Thomas Armstrong first introduced
corn into the county of Sussex.

Obadiah Pellet came from Orange County in 1800,
or possibly prior to that date, and chose land at a
point formerly known as Coursenville, his son William
having accompanied him. He purchased a farm of
800 acres, upon which he resided until his death, in
1849. Of his six sons, but two, Stephen J. and
Richard W., now reside in the township.

John Dewitt came from Connecticut in 1772, and
chose a location near the Frankford Plains church.
The homestead has been for successive generations,
and is still, in possession of the family.

Thomas Osboru, a former resident of Philadelphia,
removed to Frankford in 1775. One of the descend-
ants, Joseph A., resided upon the old Price homestead,
having married a member of the latter family.

Van Tyle Coursen arrived about 1800 and founded
the hamlet of Coursenville, where he resided during
his lifetime. His descendants have since filled hen-
orable positions in the county.

The Adams estate was acquired as early as 1775 by
Robert Adams, and has been occupied since that date
by members of the family.

The family of Ryersons were of Huguenot descent,
and, having fled from France, early settled in Ger-
many. They ultimately emigrated to New York,
and about 1700 repaired to New Jersey, when they
fixed their residence in Newton. William A. Ryer-
son located at Augusta about a century since, and
engaged in farming ; he was also an extensive tanner.
His son James, a surveyor, became a resident of
Hampton, and two of his children, William and Mrs.
Jacob Ross, now reside in Frankford, the former hav-
ing filled the offices of justice of the peace and judge
of the Court of Common Pleas.

The Roe family was originally represented in the
township by the brothers Benjamin and George Roe,
the former of whom settled in 1785. He had five
children, a portion of whom remained in the town-
ship. Their descendants now in Frankford are the
children of Jacob, — namely, John H., Edward, and
Mrs. Jesse G. Roe. George Roe came in 1799, and
died at the age of thirty-seven, leaving ten children.
His son William H. still resides in the township, and
Charles, another son, is a merchant in Newton.

Andrew Dalrymple came from Morris County as
early as 1790 and located upon land in Frankford,
which he cultivated, and upon which his life was
ended by an accident. His grandsons Daniel, John,
Squire, and James are still residents of Frankford.

William and Joseph McDanolds came from Morris
County about 1790. The latter returned, while Wil-
liam remained and located in the suburbs of Branch-
ville, having followed the trade of a clock-maker.
He had four sous, the descendants of whom still re-
side in Branchville and the vicinity.

Randal Stivers runic from Middlesex Co., N. J., in
1807 and purchased of David Ayres and James Mat-



tison a tract of land, upon which he settled, and on
which he resided until his death. Two sons, Simeon
H. and Jacob A., still remain, the former being a mer-
chant in Branchville, while the latter follows agricul-
tural pursuits.

Philip Wyker, a German by birth, settled in 1764
a mile south of what was known as Wykertown. He
had two sons, whose descendants are still residents of.
the township. The original land has been held in
the family for a period of one- hundred and fourteen
years.

EARLY TAVERNS.

The earliest tavern, so far as can be remembered,
was built in 1775, and stood on the road leading from
Augusta to Deckertown, a mile north of the Frank-
ford Plains church, on ground now occupied by Eli-
jah Martin. The spot on which it stood was located
at a point nearly opposite the intersection with the
Augusta and Deckertown road of the one leading
from Robert Armstrong's residence. The land on
which it was built was doubtless owned by the Price
family. A very early landlord was named Hedzell ;
he also followed the trade of a clock-maker. He was
succeeded by Gerret Brink, and the hotel was at a
later day demolished.

Another early tavern was built on land now owned
by William Lantz. It was formerly known as the
Cary property, one of that family being the landlord.

A famous hostelry was the tavern kept by Abram
Bray and located at Augusta. Bray was exceedingly
popular as a landlord, and, haviug been himself a
drover, the house became a rendezvous for the repre-
sentatives of the craft who passed through that por-
tion of the State. It was also one of the stations of
the Newark and Owego stage line, which changed
horses at Augusta, and thus brought much patronage
to the tavern.

The earliest tavern at Branchville was opened by
John Johnson, and was located on the main street
but a short distance below that now kept by George
J. Bowman. It was built early during the present
century, and was kept in succession by John Dennis,

Laycock, Jacob Gates, Charles L. Hunt, Stephen

Hunt, John Rose, Emily Drake, Justus Woodhull,
Alfred Canfield, and Samuel Price. The building
has since been devoted to other uses.

The hotel now kept by George J. Bowman was
erected in 1829 by Joseph Stoll, and occupied by him
as a residence.' In 1840 it was licensed as a tavern,
with Samuel P. Roberts as the first landlord ; he was
succeeded in turn by the following : John B. Stoll,
Isaac Beemer, Joseph Roe, Jacob Hoffman, William
Price, John B. Stoll, Hiram Richards, Barney Perry,
James H. Bowman, and the present landlord. The
building has been remodeled and its general aspect
greatly changed since its erection.

EARLY ROADS.

Little information is to be had regarding the early
roads of the, township or the date of their first survey.



FKANKFURD.



393



The highway best remembered by the oldest settlers,
and possibly the earliest-traveled thoroughfare, had
for its objective points Balesville, in tin; township of
Hampton, and Deckertown, in the township of Wan-
tage. It passed through Augusta, and diverged from
its course to touch nt the point early known bs Cour-
senville, whence it passed on to Deckertown.

The earliest turnpike, known as the Morris turn-
pike, was constructed in L807, and extended from
what is known as the Long Bridge, in Frankford, to



Online LibraryJames P SnellHistory of Sussex and Warren counties, New Jersey : → online text (page 99 of 190)