James Wayland Joyce.

England's sacred synods : a constitutional history of the convocations of the clergy, from the earliest records of Christianity in Britain to the date of the promulgation of the present Book of common prayer; including a list of all councils, ecclesiastical as well as civil, held in England, in whic online

. (page 31 of 83)
Online LibraryJames Wayland JoyceEngland's sacred synods : a constitutional history of the convocations of the clergy, from the earliest records of Christianity in Britain to the date of the promulgation of the present Book of common prayer; including a list of all councils, ecclesiastical as well as civil, held in England, in whic → online text (page 31 of 83)
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Eccl. Syn. p. 299. — Tbis is only a negative proof, and cited by one somewhat
unscrupulous in controversy.



IX.J



ENGLISH SYNODS.



281



our purpose. He said of the persons elected under this writ,
" These" are called ^ procuratores cleri,'' and many times have
appeared in parliament as spiritual assistants to consider,
consult, and consent, ut mpra " {i.e. referring to the judges as
assistants in the House of Peers), " but never had voices there,
because they were no lords of parliament T Consequently,
I suppose, the view of that learned judge was, that when
elected by the clergy according to the royal command, these
parliament proctors should, or at least might attend at the
opening of a parliament, in the same way as the judges of
England and others^ learned in law, and should be prepared,
at any request made under due authority, to give^ their ad-
vice, counsel, and consent on matters peculiarly connected
with their office.

Due execution But the discontinuance of the execution of the
giected i^tife pre- ^oyal Commands by our right reverend fathers in
sent day. (j-od in this respect, does at the present moment

relieve from the necessity of any speculations as to the man-
ner in which the clergy's parliamentary attendance should be
given. "The clergy ^ themselves,'"' says Collier, "are thought
to have contributed towards the parting with this privilege.
It seems they looked on their parliamentary attendance as a
kind of burden, and therefore were not unwilling to be dis-
engaged. But whether they were in the right or not is
another question."

If these writs containing the " praemunitory " clause, which
always issue at the present time, were duly executed, as the
royal commands require, and if the proctors appointed by
virtue of them were to make their appearance at the opening
of parliament, it would be a delicate and perplexing question
for the official mind to decide, as to what places should be
assigned for their accommodation. It is, however, some-
what strange that in these days of reality so ancient and un-
mistakable an element in the British constitution should be
disregarded, and that persons so solemnly summoned should
never appear. Nor is it agreeable to general practice that
the commands of our most gracious sovereign should be in
such sort disobeyed.



' This view of Sir E. Coke is strongly confir
Hemy VIII. c. 12.



led by the Irish Statute, 28



A.D. 1279
— 150U.

" Pearce on
Law of Con-
vocation,
quotes 4
Inst. 5.



"Att.Rights,
p. 382.
" See Att.
Rights,
p. 382.



^ Coll. Eccl.
Hist. V. 223.



282



ENGLISH SYNODS.



[chap.



A.D. 127
— 1500.



y Wilkins,
Dissert.
Epist. pp. xi.
et seq.



VI Constitu- ^^^ ^^^^ °^^ ^^^° engaged in considering
tion of tbe English matters of a secular character — the royal com-

proviucial synods . , . , . ,

or convocations of mands Contained in the praemunitory clause oi
IS pciioi . ^j^^ bishops' writs, by which the clergy are

called to attend in parliament. And this is, in fact, a matter
not bearing directly upon the subject of our inquiry ; but in-
asmuch as it has been confusedly mixed up by many persons
with the subject of convocation, it seemed necessary to touch
upon it, in order to warn the reader against the mischievous
use which has been made of this point, and to unravel any
entanglements which on this account might impede the easy
prosecution of our proper subject.

It is time, however, to return from civil matters to eccle-
siastical ones — from the consideration of questions which em-
phatically concern the State, to those which lie within the
proper functions and jurisdiction of the Church. In the fore-
going pages we have carefully traced the origin of the royal
writs commanding the archbishops to summon their convoca-
tions; we have seen that the "prsemunientes"''' clause inserted
in the bishops' writs was intended to call the clergy to parlia-
ment, and not to any ecclesiastical assembly ; and we have dis-
covered, on the other hand, who were the proper constituent
members of pure provincial synods or convocations. It now
becomes desirable at this point to give the numbers of the
members ^ summoned to the latter assemblies in the respective
provinces of Canterbury and York during the period under
consideration. The list is placed in a note*, in order that



LIST OF MEMBERS IN THE CANTERBURY PROVINCIAL SYNOD, A.D. 1452.



" Ex Registro Kempe Archiep. Cantuar. fol. 229, et MS. CoUegii Corporis Christi
Cantabrigise vocat. synodalia." Ap. Cone. Mag. Brit. Dissert. Epist. pp. xi et seq.

" Hie inferius describuntur nomina eorum, qui ut ab antiquo debent coniparere
in convocationibus prjelatorum et cleri Cantuar. proviuciie, per singulas diueceses
Cantuarensis provincise a.mcccclii."



Prior ecclesise Christi Cant.
Capitulum ejusdem ecclesiie.
Archidiaconus Cant.
Abbas Sancti Augustini Cant.
Abbas de Feversham.
Abbas Sancti Radegundis.
Abbas de Langedon.



Canlnarien.

Abbas Sancti Grcgorii Cant.

Prior Dovor.

Prior de Folkeston.

Prior de Leedes (al. Ledis).

Prior de Combewell.

Clerus ejusdem dioeces.

^London.



IX.] ENGLISH SYNODS.


283


such an insertion in the text may not disturb the reader by


A.D. 1279
-1500.


breaking in upon the continuity of the subject before him.


LIST OF MEMBERS IN THE CANT. PROVINCIAL SYNOD, AD. 14.")2 - COM/(«?/crf.


London.


Decanus ecclesise S. Pauli London.


Prior prioratus hospitalis B. Marise ex-


London.


Capitulum ejusdem ecclesiae.


tra Bishopsgate.




Archidiaconus London.


Prior hospital, sive prioratus de Elsinge




Abbas monasterii B. Marise de gratiis


Spittle.




juxta Turrim London.


Magister domus de Aeon.




Prior prioratus S. Trinitatis London.


Magister hospital. S. Barthol. in Smith-




Prior prioratus S. Barthol. in Smith-


field.




fielde.


Magister coll. S. Laurentii Putney
London.




In Archidiac. Essex.




Archidiaconus ibidem.


Prior de PritweU.




Abbas monasterii B. Mariee de Strat-


Prior de Blackmore.




ford.


Prior de Toby.




Abbas monasterii de Byleigh.


Prior de Stangate (al. Stainesgate).




Prior de Lees (al. Leghes).


Prior de Bicknacre.




In Archidiac. Middles.




Archidiaconus ibidem.


Prior de Dunmowe.




Abbas Westmonasterii.


Prior de Hatfield Regis.




Abbas monasterii S.Crucis deWaltham.


Prior de Royston.




Abbas monasterii de Tiitej%


Prior de Latton.




In Archidiac. Colcestrice.




Archidiaconus ibidem.


Abbas de Maldon.




Abbas monasterii S. Johannis Colcest.


Prior de Colne.




Abbas monasterii Sancti Osithae.


Prior de ArmehaU (al. Tremhall).




Abbas monasterii de Cockshall (al, Cog-


Prior de Hatfield.




geshall).


*Clerus civitatis London.




Abbas monasterii de Walden.


Clerus ejusdem dioecesis.




Prior S. Botulphi Colcest.






Winton.




Prior ecclesise cathedralis Winton.


Prior ecclesise Christi de Tyneham (al.


Winchester.


Capitulum ejusdem ecclesise.


Twinham).




Abbas de Hida.


Prior de Bromore (al. Brommer).




Abbas de BeUo Loco regis.


Prior S. Dionysii juxta Southampton.




Abbas de Tychefield.


Prior de Selborne.




Abbas de Little (al. Letley sive Leto


Prior de Merton.




Loco).


Prior B. Mariae de Overie in South-




Abbas de Quarreia in insula Vecta (al.


warke.




Quarrera).


Prior de Novo Loco juxta Riple.




Abbas de Waverlee.


Prior de Rigate.




Abbas de Bermondsey.


Prior de Tanrige.




Prior de Soutbwike.


Archidiac. Winton.




[Archidiac. Surr.




* Four proctors are now elected in this diocese, fi'om whom the bishop selects two.



284


ENGLISH SYNODS. [cHAP.


A. D. 1279
—1500.


From a perusal of the note it will appear


of niembeis in that the whole provincial Synod or Convocation
sjno . ^^ Canterbury consisted during this period, a.d.




1452, of the following members, viz.: —




Deans of cathedrals 10




Precentor of S. David's


1




Abbots ....


. 140




Priors


. 144




Masters of collegiate churches


, religious




houses, &c.


. 11




Archdeacons


. 51




Capitular proctors


. 18




Diocesan proctors


. 35




410




Archbishop of Canterbury and suffragans . 17




Total members of the Canterbury provincial




Synod according to the records . . .427


LIST OF MEMBERS IN THE CANT. PROVINCIAL SYNOD, A.D. 1452 Continued.


Archidiac. Surr. ] Clcrus Archidiac. Winton.




Prior de Motesfonte (al. Moiitisfont). | Clerus Archidiac. Surr.




Roffen.


Rochester.


Prior ecclesiae cathed. Roffen.


Prior de Tunbridgc.




Capituluni cjusdem ecclesite.


Abbas de Lesnes.




Archidiac. Roffen.


Clerus ejusdem dioecesis.




Bathon et Wellen.


; Ball. .-ukI


Decanus ecclesiae cathed. Well. j Prior de Taunton.


Wells.


Capitulum ejusdem ecclesiae.


Prior de ilonte Acuto.




Prior ecclesiae cath. Bath.


Magister hospitalis S. Johannis de




Abbas Glaston.


Bridgewater.




Abbas de Kenesham.


Archidiac. Wellen.




Abbas de Muchilney.


Archidiac. Taunton.




Abbas de Achelney (al. Athelney).


Archidiac. Bathon.




Abbas de Clyva.


Abbas Sancti Salvatoris.




Prior de Bruton.


Clerus ejusdem dioecesis.




Lincoln.


Lincoln.


Decanus ecclesiie Lincoln.


Archidiac. Northampton.




Capitulum ejusdem ecclesiae.


Archidiac. Oxon.




Archidiac. Lincoln.


Archidiac. Huntingdon.




[Archidiac. Leicest.



IX.] ENGLISH SYNODS. 285


It will be observed that no members from the diocese of


A.D. 1279


Llandaff are included, for what reason does not appear. To


—1500.


LIST OF MEMBERS IN THE CANT. PROVINCIAL SYNOD, A. D. 1452— Continued.


Archidiac. Leicest. Archidiac. Stowe.


Arcliidiac. Bedford. Archidiac. Buckingham.




In Archidiac. Lincoln.




Abbas de Kyrkestede.


Prior de Sickhill (al. Syxyll.).




1 Abbas de Remesby (al. Rcvesby).


Prior de Ormesby (al. Mimormesby).




j Abbas de Parro Lude.


Prior de Alingham.




Abbas de -Villa Dei (al. Valle Dei).


Prior S. Katharinse extra Lincoln.




Abbas de Newhouse.


Prior de Haverholme.




Abbas de Hagubye (al. Hagneby).


Prior de Cattley.




Abbas de Tuppholme.


Prior de Novo Loco (al. Newsted).




Abbas de Newbo.


Prior de Belvero.




1 Abbas de Croyland.


Prior de Spaldinge.




j Abbas de Bardney.


Prior S. Leonardi juxta Stamford.




Abbas de Humbreston.


Prior de Keme (al. Kyme).




Abbas de Thornton.


Prior de Markby.




Abbas de Welliowe.


Prior de ElshuU.




Abbas de Brunne.


Prior de Parro Notion.




Prior de Sompingham.


Prior de Novo Loco juxta Stamford




Prior de BuUngton.


(al. Newsted).




In Archidiac. Northampt.




Abbas de Pypwell.


Prior de Luffield,




Abbas de Sulby.


Prior de Daventry.




Abbas de Burgo S. Petri.


Prior de Chancombe (al. Chacum).




Abbas S. Jacobi juxta Northampt.


Prior de Asheby canonicorum.




Prior S. Andrese Northam.


Prior de Fynnestede.




In Archidiac. Oxon.




Abbas de Thama.


Abbas de Dorchester.




Abbas de Bruera (al. Bruern).


Prior Sanctae Fridiswidae.




Abbas de Regali Loco juxta Oxon.


Prior de Burcestr.




Abbas de Eynesham.


Prior de Wroxton.




Abbas de Oseney.


Prior de Calverton.




i In Archidiac. Buckingham.




j Abbas de Bitlesden.


Prior de Tykeforde.




Abbas de Medmenham.


Prior de Ravenstone.




Abbas de Lavenden.


Prior de Chetwell.




Abbas de Netle (al. Noteley).


Prior de Newport.




Abbas de Mussenden (al. Missenden).


Prior de Snelshall.




In Archidiac. Huntingdon.




Abbas Sancti Albani.


Prior canonicorum Hunting.




Abbas de Saltreia (al. Swatre).


Prior de Wilmundely.




Abbas de Ramesey.


Prior de Stonley.




Prior de Hertford.


Rector de Ashrugge.




Prior de Sancto Neoto.


[/« Archidiac. Leicestr.





286


ENGLISH SYNODS. [CHAP.


A. D. 1-279
-1500.


the number of suffrarran bi.sliops, therefore, 1 must be added
on that account ; and allowing that this diocese supplied the


LIST OF MEMBERS IN THE CANT. PROVINCIAL SYNOD, A.D. 1452 -Continued.


In Archidiac. Leicestr.




Abbas de Garwedon (al. Garadon).
Abbas de Croxton.


Prior de Landa.
Prior de Kyrkby.




Abbas Mariis de Prat Leicestr.


Prior de Ulvescroft.




Abbas de Oeslneston (al. Olveston).


Magister de Burton Sancti Lazari.




In Archidiac. Bedford.




Abbas de Warden.

Abbas de Wonborne (al. Woborne).


Prior de Newenham.
Prior de Caldwell.




Prior de Chicksounde (al. Chicksand).
Prior de Bello Loco.


Prior de Dunstable.

Prior de Byssemede (al. Bushmede).




In Archidiac. Siowe.




Abbas de Barlinge. j Prior de Torkseye.
Prior de Thorneholme. !




Elien.


Ely.


Prior Elien.


Prior de Barnewel.




Capitulum ejusdem ecclesiae.
Archidiac. Elien.


Prior de Anglesey.
Clerus ejusdem dioecesis.




Abbas de Tliornesey (al. Thorney).






Norwic. 1


Norwich.


Prior ecclesiae cathedr. Norwic.


Prior Sanctae Fidis de Horsham.




Capitulum ejusdem ecclesiae.
Archidiac. Norwic.
Archidiac. Norfolc.


Prior de Pentncy.

Prior de Bynham (forte Burnham).

Prior de Castleacre.




Archidiac. Sudbury.
Archidiac. Suffolc.
Abbas Sancti Edmundi.


Prior de Westacre.
Abbas de Longley.
Abbas de Westderham.




Abbas San. ti Benedicti.


Prior de Ixworthe (al. Cokkesforth).




Abbas de Sybeton.

Abbas de Leyston (forte Beeston),

Abbas Wymundham.


Prior de Ely.
Prior de Thetforde.
Decanus coll. de Stoke.




Prior de Buttley.
Prior de Walsingham.
Prior de Bromeholme.

Exc


Clerus ejusdem dicecesis.

Clerus archidiac. Suff. et Sudbury.

n.


Exctcr.


Dccanus ecclesiae cathedr. E.Kon.
Capitulum ejusdem ecclesiae.
Archidiaconus Exon.
Archidiaconus Totton.
Archidiac. Barn.


Abbas de Nyweham.

Abbas de Dunkewell (al. Dunkeswell).

Abbas de Buckland.

Prior de Plynipton.

Prior de Lauiiceston.




Archidiac. Cornubiae.


Prior Sancti Germani.




Abbas de Tavestock.


Prior de Bodmyne.




Abbas de Herlonde (al. Ilurtlande).


Prior de Fuchelstock (al. Frethilstoke).




Abbas de Torre.


Prior de Totton.




Abbas de Bucksester (al. Buckfaste).
Abbas de Forda.


Clerus ejusdem dicecesis.

ISartim.



IX.] ENGLISH SYNODS.


287


same number of inferior members to the synod as Bangor,


A.D. 1279
—1500.


viz. 1 2, we shall have a gross total of exactly 440. It will


LIST OF MEMBERS IN THE CANT. PROVINCIAL SYNOD, A.D. I4b2— Continued.


Sarum.


Decanus ecclesise cathedr.


Abbas de Redinge.


Salisbury.


Capitulum ejusdem ecclesiae.


Abbas de Malmesbury.




Archidiac. Dorset.


Abbas de Stanley.




Archidiac. Barkshke.


Prior de Wallingford.




Archidiac. Sarum.


Prior de Bristlesham (al. Bustlesham).




Archidiac. Wiltshire.


Prior de Hurley.




Abbas de Middleton.


Prior de Farleighe.




Abbas de Cerne.


Prior de Ederose.




Abbas de Sherborne.


Rector ecclesise conventualis de Eding-




Abbas de Abbotesbury.


don.




Abbas de Abbendon.


Clerus ejusdem dioecesis.




Coven, et Lich.




Prior ecclesise cathed. Covent.


Abbas de Cundermere (al. Cumbremere) .


Lichfield


Capitulum ejusdem ecclesise.


Abbas de Roucester (al. Rowceter).


and Coven-
try.


Decanus ecclesise cath. Lich.


Abbas de Dien Loucres (al. De-la-cres).


Capitulum ejusdem ecclesise.


Abbas de Heighmonde.




Archidiac. Coventr.


Abbas de Littleshal.




Archidiac. Derb.


Abbas de Hilton.




Archidiac. Stafford.


Abbas de Cumba.




Archidiac. Cestr.


Abbas de Myra Valle (al. Merywall).




Archidiac. Salop.


Abbas de Stonley.




Abbas Cestr.


Abbas de Dala.




Abbas Salop.


Abbas de Bello Capite.




Abbas de Burton super Trent.


Prior de Kenylworthe.




Abbas de Derley.


Prior de Tattebury.




Abbas de WhaUey.


Prior de Stone.




Abbas de VaUe Regali.


Clerus ejusdem dioecesis.




Wigortiien.




Prior ecclesise cath. Wigorn.


Abbas de Winchcombe.


Worcester.


Capitulum ejusdem ecclesise.


Abbas Sancti Augustini Bristol.




Archidiac. Wigorn.


Abbas de Hailes.




Archidiac. Gloucestr.


Prior de Stedeley.




Abbas de Evesham.


Prior majoris Malveme.




Abbas de Pershore.


Prior minoris Malveme.




Abbas de Bordesley.


Prior de Lanthonye.




Abbas de Hailes Owen.


Prior de Dirhurst.




Abbas de Alyncestr.


Decanus ecclesise collegiatse de War-




Abbas monasterii S. Petri Glouc.


wick.




Abbas de Tewkesbury.


Abbas de Kingeswode,




Abbas de Cirencestr.


Clerus ejusdem dioecesis.




Cicestren.




Decanus ecclesiae cathedr. Cicestren.


Archidiac. Cicestr.


Chichester.


Capitulum ejusdem ecclesise.


Archidiac. Lewen.




[Abbas de BeUo.





288


ENGLISH SYXODS. [cHAP.


A.D. 1279
—1500.


also occur to the reader that the sees of Oxford, Peterborough,


Gloucester, and Bristol were not ^ as yet founded. The two
former were then included in the diocese of Lincoln, the two


^ See Jebb
on the Cho-


ral Service,
p. 74.


latter in that of ^V"orcester.




York— list of The provincial Synod or Convocation of York




membe.-s in that ^^^^.j^^ ^j^j^ ^^x\q^, A.D. ] 424, COHsisted of the


LIST OF MEMBERS IN THE CANT. PROVINCIAL SYNOD, A.D. Wbl— Continued.


Abbas de Belle.


Prior de Sela.




Abbas de Bigham.


Prior de Michilham.




Abbas de Ponte Roberti (al. Roberts-


Prior de Hastinges.




bridge).


Prior de Boxgrave.




Abbas de Durford.


Prior de Tortington.




Abbas de Quawe.


Clerus ejusdem dioecesis.




Prior de Lewes.






Hereford.


Hereford.


Decanus ecclesiae cathed. Hereford.


Prior de Monmouthe.




Capitulum ecclesiae cathed.


Prior de Wormesley.




Arcbidiaconus Hereford.


Prior de Liomystr (al. Leominstre).




Archidiac. Salopiensis.


Prior de Bromfield.




Abbas de Flaxlex.


Prior de Chubcrie.




Abbas de Dora.


Prior de Wenlake.




Abbas de Wigmore.


Clerus ejusdem dioecesis.




Prior Hereforde.






Meneven.


S. David's.


Prtecentor ecclesiae Meneven.


Abbas de Talley.




Capitulum ejusdera.


Abbas de Comhire.




Archidiac. Meneven.


Abbas de Kermerden.




Archidiac. de Kermarden.


Prior de Haverforde.




Archidiac. de Brechon.


Prior de Pulla.




Archidiac. Cardigan.


Prior de Brechon.




Abbas Sancti Doginiselis.


Prior de Langthonia Prima.




Abbas de Alba Landa (al. Whitcland).


Clerus ejusdem dioece.sis.




Abbas de Strata Florida.






Assaven.


S. Asaph.


Decanus ecclesiae Assaven.


Abbas de Bassinghworke.




Capitulum ejusdem ecclesiae.


Abbas de Strata Marcella.




Archidiac. Assaven.


Clerus ejusdem dioecesis.




Abbas monasterii de Conway.






Banyor.


Bangor.


Decanus ecclesiae cathed. Bangor.


Praepositus castri Tubii (al. castro




Capitulum ejusdem ecclesiae.


Cubii).




Archidiac. Bangor.


Abbas de Bardesia.




Archidiac. Anglesey.


Prior de Perimon (al. Penmon).




Archidiac. de Meryoneth. [vaur.)


Prior de Bethkelerth (al. Bethkylherte).




Propositus de Clannock (al. Clunock-


Clerus ejusdem dioecesis.



290



ENGLISH SYNODS.



[chap.



A.D. 1279
—1500.



" Jebb on
the Choral
Service, p.
74.



b Cone.
Ma?. Brit.
ii. 219—92.
<= Cone.
Mag. Brit,
ii. 312.



Brought over

Abbots

Priors .......

Master of Beverley, Minister of S. Robert, and

Guardian of spiritualties at Howden .
Archdeacons ......

Masters' and Archdeacons'* officials

Capitular proctors (York 2) .

Clergy proctors : 4 for Durham, 2 for Carlisle

2 for Howden, 2 for each York archdeaconry



4

20

29

3

7
9
6

18
96



The see of Chester was not* founded until the time of
K. Henry VIII. Those of Ripon and Manchester, as is well
known, are of still later date.

VII General Such appear to have been the members of
remarks on the the two provincial Synods of Canterbury and

foregoing lists. -^t- i i • i • i ^ n t i -i

Y ork durmg the period now before us. And it
may be fairly concluded that these, and these only, were the
ordinary members of such assemblies. For though certainly
we find on some occasions that " praecentoi's ^ chancellors
and treasurers," and on another that '* piaepositi *^ and archi-
presby teri ■" are mentioned, yet, as to the first, they are
exceptional instances, and in the latter case the " prrepositi "
may fairly be construed to mean the masters of religious
houses, some of whom, we have seen in the foregoing lists,
were specially summoned. The "archipresbyteri" probably
signified the deans of collegiate or other churches, for the
dean, or person who had the executive authority of a church



LIST OF MEMBERS IN THE YORK PROVINCIAL SYNOD, A.D. 1424 — COntimied.



Abb. de Coverham.

Abb. de Egleston.

Abb. de Cockersand.

Minister S. Roberti.

Pr. de Cartmell.

Officialis Archidiac. Richmond.

Procuratores cleri ejusdem.

Officiales pracpositi Beverlac.

Gustos spiritualit. de Howden et

Ilowdenshire.
Procuratores cleri ejusdem.
Prior ecclesise Dunelm.



Procuratores cleri ejusdem.
Archidiaconus Northumberland.
Officialis ejusdem.
Procuratores cleri ejusdem.
Prior ecclcsiae Karliol.
Archidiac. Karliolen.
Officialis ejusdem.
Procuratores cleri ejusdem.
Abbas de Holme Cultrum.
Abbas de Shap.
Prior de Lenercost.



IX.]



BKGLISH SYNODS.



291



in his hands, was frequently* styled archipresbyter in eccle-
siastical language. The assumption that rural deans, some-
times called " archipresbyteri," were proper members of our
provincial synods, as has been supposed, would scarcely be
warranted by the evidence ; and the absence of all mention of
them in the records above quoted would seem to be conclusive
on the point against their claim to a place in such assemblies.

On the occasion of the meeting of the provincial synod at
the New Temple^, London, a.d. 1307, only one proctor for
each of the Welsh dioceses was summoned. But this must
also be looked upon as an exceptional case. It may also be
remarked, while we are on the subject of clergy proctors, that
their expenses were usually defrayed by those whom they re-
presented ; though sometimes, as in the case of the writ sum-
moning the convocation to S. Paul's, a.d. 1408, the election
of such persons was recommended as could afford to attend at
their own charges.

The number of the members of our provincial synods was of
course greatly reduced below that detailed in the preceding
lists after the unjust and sacrilegious pillage and destruction
of the abbeys and monasteries by K. Henry VIII. and his
infamous courtiers, imitators of his pilfering propensities and
well nigh his equals in crime —

" Nee *" fas nee viucula juri3

Hoc audere vetant

. . . Facinus quos inquinat, sequat."

But a comparison of the numbers of which our provincial
synods were composed at this period, and to which they were
reduced by those unjust and sacrilegious outrages, may be
made by reference to the foregoing lists, as contrasted with
the lists of the members of convocation summoned during a
future period of our inquiry, and hereafter inserted in their
proper ^ place.

VIII. Form of The fomi of holding a provincial s^^lod at
s;;oii7d'udntthis this time was, it may without doubt ^be pre-
period. sumed, generally similar to that which obtained

during the last period of our inquiry ; and on that subject the
reader may be referred to the foregoing chapter ss.

Some circumstances, however, connected with
au ei ur}. ^^^ provincial ^ Synod of S. Paul's, a.d. 1309, in



A.D. 1279
—1500.

^ J ebb on
tlie Choral
Service,
p. 3P.



e Cone.
Mag. Brit,
ii. 2y2.



fLuc. Phars.
V. 288—90.



S See chap,
xi. infra.



S? Chap. vii.
sec. 22.
h Cone.
Mag. Brit.
ii. 304. 311,
312.

U2



292



ENGLISH SYNODS.



[chap.



A.D 127J
—1500.



' Cone.
Mag. Brit.
ii. 3J'2.



J Acts XX.
28.



which the questions connected with the alleged heresies and
mi.sbehaviour of the Knights Templars were discu.ssed, may
not perhaps prove uninteresting, as throwing some lighten the
ceremonial observed on such occasions. On the morning of the
day on which the synod was to be held Archbishop ^Vlnchelsey
at early dawn ' attended the private communion at Lambeth
Palace : after which he proceeded on horseback to S. PauPs,
passing by Southwark over London Bridge, and so through
the city. When the archbishop, bishops, and other prelates
had taken their places, habited in their sacred vestments and
choir copes', the archbishop stood up in the Bishop of London's
throne, the other members remaining near the high altar.
One of the suffragans, the Bishop of Norwich, then celebrated



Online LibraryJames Wayland JoyceEngland's sacred synods : a constitutional history of the convocations of the clergy, from the earliest records of Christianity in Britain to the date of the promulgation of the present Book of common prayer; including a list of all councils, ecclesiastical as well as civil, held in England, in whic → online text (page 31 of 83)