James Wayland Joyce.

England's sacred synods : a constitutional history of the convocations of the clergy, from the earliest records of Christianity in Britain to the date of the promulgation of the present Book of common prayer; including a list of all councils, ecclesiastical as well as civil, held in England, in whic online

. (page 60 of 83)
Online LibraryJames Wayland JoyceEngland's sacred synods : a constitutional history of the convocations of the clergy, from the earliest records of Christianity in Britain to the date of the promulgation of the present Book of common prayer; including a list of all councils, ecclesiastical as well as civil, held in England, in whic → online text (page 60 of 83)
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301. Fuller,
Ch. Hist.

b. ix. pp. 60,

61.

' Couraver,

Eng. Ord.

p. 58.

J Courayer,

Eng. Ord.

p. 45.

" Vid. sup.

p. 544

1 See Fuller,

Ch. Hist.

b. ix. p. 63.

Coll. vi.

302, and
Strype's
Ann. i. 157.
"> Fuller,
Ch. Hist.

b. ix. D. 631.



assured by the expressions contained in ^ liis letter to secre-
tary Cecil, conveying very undisguisedly his opinion on certain
remarks which the queen had thought fit to make on the
coelibacy of the clergy. On the other hand we may learn from
his own words how much he was disposed to use gentle
methods in bringing the Roman party to a less exceptionable
faith, and to soften down some of those rugged expedients
which were authorized by the act of assurance =. " My design,"
he said, " is ^ only to recommend the governing our flocks with
pastoral care, it being part of our character not to be swayed
by resentment and private regards, but to proceed by gentle
motions and endeavour to gain the misled by methods of
lenity." His fitness for the see of Canterbury seems however
to have been perceived by others sooner than by himself, for
w^hen this preferment was proposed to him ^, he very earnestly
declined it. These scruples were however with^ some diffi-
culty overcome, and on the^ 17th of December, 1559 ^ he
was consecrated in Lambeth chapel by the imposition of the
hands of William Barlow', formerly bishop of Bath and Wells,
of John ScoryJ, formerly bishop of Chichester, of Miles Cover-
dale, formerly bishop of Exeter, and of John Ilodgkins, suf-
fragan bishop of Bedford.

Othersees filled After Parker's consecration the ten'' sees
"!'• vacant by death were filled up ; the two bishops,

Barlow and Scory, above mentioned being now reinstated, were
translated, the former to Chichester and the latter to Hereford,
and the remainder' of the bishoprics wore disposed of within a
short time, with the exceptions only of Oxford, which for a sea-
son remained vacant, and of Bristol, which was held in com-
mendam with Gloucester by Richard Cheyncy "\ The Church,
as reformed by proper ecclesiastical authority before the per-
secutions of the late reign, now recovered herself. She had
passed through her time of fiery trial ; a more peaceful season
awaited her. The reformed doctrines were again restored
and reinforced, as we shall see directly, under full synodical
sanctions, and thus sure advances were made towards silenc-
ing the voice of discord, —

"Turn demum placidu contentus pace quiosces,
Ssevaque mitescet posito discordia ferro."



547



CHAPTER XIII.



ENGLISH SYNODS.

FROM THE ACCESSION OF ARCHBISHOP MATTHEW PARKER TO THE DEATH OF
ARCHBISHOP JOHN WHITGIFT, DEC. 17, 1559— FEB. 29, 1(J04 N. S.



THE RECOVERY OF THE CHURCH OF ENGLAND.



SUJIMARY.



I. Ancient ecclesiastical liberty of England regained — Synod of bishops only in
1561— Second session— Some remarks on this synod of bishops only, not a legis-
lative assembly. II. York provincial Synod. III. Diocesan Synod of S. Asaph.
IV. Canterbury provincial Synod of 1503 N.S. — Forms observed in assembling
this provincial synod — Presentation of the prolocutor, Dr. Novrell — The forms
then observed more satisfactory than those of the present day— Establishment of
the thirty-nine articles of religion— Some remarks on their synodical authority,
as derived from both provinces — How far the thirty-nine articles of religion
now authorized differed from the forty-two articles of 1552-3— Controversy on
the clause for Church power in the twentieth article — A catechism— Attempts
in upper house to alter ceremonies of religion— Like attempts in the lower
house — Temporal business transacted in this synod— Schedtde of discipline-
Two bills prepared for the parliament by the synod, but with different results—
HomiHes revised by upper house in the synod— Other business proposed in this
synod— Some papers presented— Another paper— Consultation among the
bishops. V. York provincial Synod of 15(J3 n. s. VI. Canterbury provincial
Synod of 1566. VII. Canterbury provincial Synod of 1571— Dr. Ailmer chosen
prolocutor — Cheyney, bishop of Gloucester, excommunicated for non-attend-
ance— Thirty-nine articles of religion again published by this synod, under
Bishop Jewel's editorship— Book of Canons agreed on by the bishops.
VIII. York provincial Synod of 1571. IX. Canterbmy provincial Synod of
1572— Archbishop Parker's opening speech— Dr. Whitgift chosen prolocutor—
Convocational privilege of freedom from arrest granted — Other instances of this
privilege — A digression shewing the origin of this privilege. X. Canterbury
provincial Synod of 1576 n.s— Edmund Grindal translated from York to Can-
terbury—Articles of 1576 N.S.— Some points for consideration respecting these
articles, 1, 2, 3. XI. Provincial synods of 1581 n.s.— Canterbury Synod of
1581 N.S.— Dr. Day elected prolocutor— Tenets of the "family of love"
brought under the notice of this synod— Five articles agreed on in this synod-
Schedules on the subject of excommunication introduced — Subject of penance



548



ENGLISH SYNODS.



[chap.



A.D. 1.561

Archhps.,

Matthew

Parker,

Thomas

Youiic.



introduced— Form of penance proposed by Archbishop Grindal to this synod —
Temporal business. XII. Provincial sjTiods of 1584 — Canterbury Synod of
1584 — Dr. Redman prolocutor — Parliamentary essays at interference in Church
matters — Temporal business — John Hilton's penance — Six articles passed in
this synod — Other orders set forth in this synod — A petition put up.
XIII. Provincial synods of 15,'!C — York provincial Synod — Their synodical ad-
dress to the queen — Proctors' and officers' fees — Canterbury provincial Synod —
Dr. Redman prolocutor— Assessors appointed— Business of the synod — Orders
for the increase of learning among the inferior clergy— Other orders — Schedules
of gravamina brought in — Schedule of complaint from Norwich diocese — Sche-
dule of complaint from Suffolk archdeaconry — Controverted election of a proctor —
Right of curates to vote at the election of a proctor — A subsidy granted — A
petition to the queen — An exhortation of the archbishop — Schismatical endea-
voiu-s of dissenters, " The Holy Book of DiscipUne " — The synod takes excep-
tion to this book— The synod breaks up. XIV. Provincial synods of 1589
N.s. — Canterbury provincial Synod — Mr. Styll preacher and prolocutor — Sub-
sidy granted — Serjeant Puckering's essay in divinity — Archbishop Whitgift pre-
vented by illness from attending the synod— Some ecclesiastical business trans-
acted—Contribution in the lower house for two converted Romish priests —
Orders for the province of Canterbury introduced — A party in the parliament
endeavours to undermine the Churdi — The synod address her majesty on the
subject — Archbishop Whitgift's letter on the payment of subsidies. XV. Pro-
vincial synods of 1593 n.s. — Parliamentary interference in ecclesiastical matters
again renewed, but checked by the queen — Canterbury provincial Synod of
1593 N.s. — Andrews' sermon — Temporal business transacted — Ecclesiastical
business transacted — An address to the lord treasurer from this synod — The
two provincial synods dissolved. XVI. Provincial synods of 1597 — Parlia-
mentary interference in Church matters does not pass with an easy motion —
Canterbury' provincial Synod of 1597 — ^lischievous practice of returning ex
officio members as proctors re|>rovcd by Archbishop Whitgift — Schedules of
reformanda introduced — Marriage licences — Draft of ordinances to be allowed
by the queen — Constitutions of 1597. XVII. Provincial synods of KJOl —
Canterbury provincial Synod — Dr. Matthew SutclifTe prolocutor — Synodical
business— The synod dissolved. XVIII. Death of Q. Elizabeth. XIX. Ac-
cession of K. James I. XX. Death of Archbishop Wliitgift.

Kai yi/v <pavti(jav vavriXotQ nap' iXTriSa,
KaWiarov yfiap tlaiSiiv tK xiifiaroc,
o^oinopip Sixpuii'Ti TTi]ya~iov pkoi;.

^SCH. Agam. V>~,2 4.

" Nee fera tempestas toto tamen horret in anno,
Et tibi (crede mihi) tempora veris erunt."

Ovid. Fast. i. 495-fi.

I. Ancient ec- The aiicieiit ecclesiastical liberty of England
of^^Endand^^re^ ^"^^ ^^^ Original independence on the see of
gained. Ronic was now again secured, and we shall pro-

ceed to consider the records of synods held here under the
legitimate authority of our national Church.



XIII.]



ENGLISH SYNODS.



549



The first ecclesiastical assembly convened dur-
shops only in ing the period now under consideration was a
synod of bishops * only, held in the spring of the
year 1561, wherein some important business was transacted.



A.D. 1561.
Q. Eliz.

* Cone.
Mag. Brit,
iv. 2-24.



LIST OF ENGLISH SYNODS, a.d. 1559— IG04.



Archbishop.



Sovereign.



Nature of
Assembly.



1 66 1, April

12
15(»1, April

24
15Gl,Nov.

12

ir)()3 N.s.

Jan. 12

15C3 N.s.
Feb. 5

1564, Oct.
6

1564, Oct.
6

1565, May
1

1565, May

1
1565, Oct.

5
1565, Oct.



Lambeth
York . . . .
S. Asaph
S. Paul's



York



1566 N.s.

Feb. 8
15fi6 N.s.

Feb. 8
1566, Oct,

1



1566, Oct.

1



1571, April
3

1571, April
3

1572, May
i)

1572, May
U



S. Paul's



York . . .
S. Paul's



York ..



Matthew Parker,
archbp. of Cant.

Thos. Young, abp.
of York

Thos. Davies, bp.
of S. Asaph

Matthew Parker . ,



Thos. Young



Q.Elizabeth.
Q.Elizabeth.
Q.EUzabeth.
Q.Ehzabeth.

Q.Elizabeth.



Matthew Parker . .

Thos. Young

Matthew Parker . .

Thos. Young

Matthew Parker . .

Thos. Young

Matthew Parker . .

Thos. Young

Matthew Parker . .



Elizabeth .
Elizabeth .
Elizabeth.
Elizabeth .
Elizabeth .
Elizabeth ,
Elizabeth .
Ehzabeth .
Elizabeth .



Thos, Young



Matthew Parker



1572, Nov,
2



Edmund Grindal
archbp. of York

Matthew Parker . .



Edmund Grindal
Matthew Parker .



Q.Elizabeth.

Q.Ehzabeth.
Q. Ehzabeth .
Q.Ehzabeth.
Q.Elizabeth.
Q.EUzabeth.



Cone. M. B.iv
224
Ibid. 230

Ibid. 228

Ibid. 232. 240.
243

Ibid. 243 ... .



Ibid. 243. 246
Ibid. 243. 246
Ibid. 246. 251

Ibid. 251

Ibid. 251

Ibid. 251

Ibid. 251 ....

Ibid. 251

Ibid. 251 ... .

Ibid. 251 ....

Ibid. 261. 263

Ibid. 270

Ibid. 270 ... .
Ibid. 273 ... .
Ibid. 272



Synod of Bishops

only.
Provinc. Synod.

Diocesan Synod.

Provinc. Synod,
with continua-
tions to Ap. 14.

Provinc. Synod,
with continua-
tions to Mar. 31.

Cant. Pro. Synod.

York Pro. Synod.
Cant. Pro. Synod.
York Pro. Synod.
Cant. Pro. Synod.
York Pro. Synod.
Cant. Pro. Synod.
York Pro. Synod.

Cant. Pro. Synod,
with continua-
tions to .Tan. 3,
15&7 N.s.

York Pro. Synod,
with continua-
tions to Jan. 15,
15^7 N.s.

Provinc. Synod,
with continua-
tions to May 30.

Provinc. Synod,
with continua-
tions to June 20.

Provinc. Synod,
with continua-
tions.

Provinc. Synod,
with continua-
tions.

Cant. Pro. Synod.

[1572, Nov. 12



550



ENGLISH SYNODS.



A. D. 1561.

Archbps.,

Matthew

Parker,

Thomas

Young.

b Coll. vi.

309.

Stiype's

Parker, p.

91.

= See b'jlow

ad an. 1563

N.s.

d Strype's

Parker, pp.

91, 92.



In the first session it seems that eleven articles^ were
agreed on, containing the pith of those settled by the synod
of 1552-3, and ratified, as we shall presently'' see, by that of
1563 N.s. They began by asserting some great Catholic
truths, and so proceeded to disable sundry Romish errors. The
eleven ^ articles now decided upon were in brief as given below \

' 1. An assertion of the doctrine of the Trinity.

2. An assertion that holy scripture contained all things necessary to salva-
tion.

3. An acknowledgment of the three creeds.

4. An assertion that the Church was the spouse of Christ, wherein the word of
God was truly taught, the sacraments properly administered, and the power of the
keys duly used.

5. An assertion that no man might take upon himself the office of the ministry
unless lawfully called, and an acknowledgment of the queen's prerogative in
causes ecclesiastical and temporal.

6. An assertion that the Bishop of Rome by the word of God had not more
authority than other bishops in their provinces and dioceses, and consequently
that the power wliich he had affected in England was usurped and had been justly
taken away.

[7. An



LTST OF ENGLISH SYNODS, A.D. 1534 — 1553 — Continued.



Archbishop.



Sovereign.



Nature of
Assemblv.



1572, Nov.
12

1573 N.s.
.Tan. 12

1573 N.s.
.Ian. 13

1573, April
2

15/3, April

2
1573, Oct.

13

1573, Oct.
14

1574 N.s.
Feb. 5

1574 N.s.
Feb. 5

1574, April
20

1574, April
20

1574, Oct.
21

1575 N.s.
March 11

1575, Nov.
8



York



Edmund Grindal
Edmund Grindal
Matthew Parker .
Matthew Parker .
Edmund Grindal
Matthew Parker .
Edmund Grindal
Matthew Parker .
Edmund Grindal
Matthew Parker .
Edmund Grindal
Matthew Parker .
Matthew Parker .
See vacant



Q. Elizabeth .
Q.Elizabeth.
Q.Elizabeth.
Q.Elizabeth.
Q. Elizabeth .
Q.Elizabeth.
Q. Elizabeth .
Q. Elizabeth.
Q.Elizabeth.
Q. Elizabeth . ,
Q. Elizabeth . ,
Q Elizabeth . ,
Q.Elizabeth.
Q.Elizabeth.



Cone. M. B
iv. 273
Ibid. 273 . . . .

Ibid. 272 ... .

Ibid. 272 . . . .

Ibid. 279 ... .

Ibid. 273 ... .

Ibid. 279 ... .

Ibid. 273 ... .

Ibid. 279

Ibid. 273 . . . .

Ibid. 279-80 ,

Ibid. 279....

Ibid. 279 .. .

Ibid. 279-80

[*157(i



Provinc. Synod.
York Pro. Synod.
Cant. Pro. Synod.
Cant. Pro. Synod.
York Pro. Synod.
Cant. Pro. Synod.
York Pro. Synod.
Cant. Pro. Synod.
York Pro. Synod.
Cant. Pro. Synod.
York Pro. Synod.
Cant. Pro. Synod.
Cant. Pro. Synod.
Cant. Pro. Sjmod.
N.s. St. Paul's



XIII.]



ENGLISH SYNODS.



551



The second session of this synod was held in

Second session. • ■, i ■> n a m t i i /-\

the middle of April at Lambeth ®. On this occa-
sion, when Thomas Young, archbishop of York, was present,
the articles above mentioned were ratified, and orders were
given that they should be accordingly put into execution.
Some further arrangements were then also agreed upon by

7. An assertion that the Book of Common Prayer and administration of the
sacraments was agreeable to the scriptures.

8. An assertion that the sacrament of baptism was complete, though exorcism
and the applications of oil, salt, and spittle should be omitted.

9. An assertion that private masses were not warranted by primitive usage ;
that the mass is not a propitiatory sacrifice for the quick and dead, nor capable of
delivering souls out of purgatory, such doctrine being neither warranted by Christ's
teaching nor by Apostolic practice.

10. An assertion that the holy communion should be administered under both
kinds.

11. An assertion that the exaltation of images and rehcs, the material repre-
sentations of God the Father and of the Holy Ghost, as well as the flourishes upon
counterfeit miracles, should be disallowed.

2 In Cone. Mag. Brit. iv. 224, April 12 is given as the date. In Strype's
Parker, p. 92, April 21 is assigned as the day of this meeting.




LIST OF ENGLISH SYNODS, A.D. 1534 — 1553— cotitinued.



Date.

A.D.


Place.


Archbishop.


Sovereign.


T!pfprpnr.P 1 Nature of
Reference, j Assembly.


•1576 N.s.
Feb. 10

*1576 N.s.


S. Paul's


See vacant

Edmund Grindal

Edmund Grindal,
archbp. of Cant.

Edwyn Sandys, abp.
of York

Edmund Grindal

Edwyn Sandys

Edwyn Sandys ....
Edmund Grindal


Q. Elizabeth..

Q.EUzabeth..

Q.EUzabeth..
Q.Elizabeth,.
Q.Elizabeth..

Q. Elizabeth..

Q. Elizabeth..
Q.Elizabeth..


Cone. M. B. Cant. Pro. Synod,
iv. 280, 281. with continua-
284, 285. i tionstoMar.I7.

Ibid. 280. 283. York Pro.Svnod.


Feb. 9
1576, Nov.




288.

Ibid. 285

Ibid. 288 ....


with continua-
tions to Ap. 19.
Cant. Pro. Synod,

YnrVPrn.Svnnd.


6
1576 Nov




6
tI58lN.s.
Jan. 17

1581 N.s.


S. Paul's

York


1
Ibid. 285. 292- Cant. Pro. Synod,
3. 298-9 with continua-
tions to Ap. 25.
Ibid. 301-2 ,. Provinc, Synod,
with continua-
' tions to April 7.
Ibid. 302 1 Provinc. Synod.

Ibid. 293 ... , Cant. Pro. Synod.


Jan. 17

1581, May

30
1583,April

20


York





[1584, Nov. 24
* During the sitting of these provincial synods, Archbishop Grindal was translated from

York to Canterbury.

t Cone. Mag. Brit. p. 292. In reference to this synod the date of 17th Jan. mdlxxix,

must, it is certain, be printed for mdlxxx., otherwise it does not accord with the dates given

at pp. 285 — 293, nor with the summons for the Yorff Synod, nor with the general history.

Coll. vi. G09— 612, and Strype's Grindal, 256,



552



ENGLISH SYNODS.



[chap.



A.D. 1561.

Archbps.,

Matthew

Parker,

Tliomas

Young.



the bishops, and were digested into nine items. Those items
were as given below '.

Such were the proceedings of the first synod
this period. But however excellent



Some remarks
on this svnod of , , , ,

bishops only, not held durm



' 1. That a review of readers should be taken by the ordinaries.
' 2. That the declaration devised for unity of doctrine should be enforced.

3. That at institution to a benefice the presentee should be examined upon oath
as to whether he had entered into any secret compact with the patron.

4. That every minister should be admitted by the ordinary ; and that in case of
removal to a fresh cure, the minister should produce a testimony from his late



5. That popish service books should be abolished.

6. That in addition to the catecliism for children, a more comprehensive form
should be devised for adult communicants, and a third form in Latin for schools.

7. That priests who had been deprived and private chaplains should undertake
cures or be excommunicated.

8. That marriages within the Levitical degrees should be dissolved ; and those
who had married two sisters were specially named as coming under tliis direc-
tion.

9. That twenty shillings should be paid by every bishop of the Canterbury pro-
vince to the metropolitan Church as a composition for all dues ; and that the arch-
bishops and bishops should contribute according to the proportion of their reve-
nues towards the expenses of learned strangers at Oxford and Cambridge.



LIST OF ENGLISH SYNODS, A


.D. \5o9—imi— continued.


Date.
A.D.


Place.


Archbishop.


Sovereign.


Reference


Nature of
Assembly.


1584, Nov.
24

1584, Nov.
24

1586, Oct.


S. Paul's

York


John Whitgift, abp.
of Cant.

Edwyn Sandys ....

Edw7n Sandys

John Whitgift

John Whitgift

John Piers, abp. of
York


Q. Elizabeth . .
Q.Elizabeth..

Q.Elizabeth..
Q.EUzabeth..
Q. Elizabeth . .
Q. Elizabeth. .


Cone. M. B.
iv. 306. 315

Ibid. 315.319

Tbid, 323. 325

Ibid. 321 ....

Ibid. 335. 341.
Syn. Ang. ii.
1G4. 175

Cone. iM H iv.


Provinc. Synod,
with continua-
tions to Feb. 1 1 ,
158G N.s.

Provinc. Sjmod,
with continua-
tions to Tuesday
before Whit-
Sunday, 1585.

Provinc. Synod,
with continua-
tions to Mar. 23,
1587 N.s.

Provinc. Synod,
with continua-
tions to Mar. 24,
1587 N.s.

Provinc. Synod,
with continua-
tions to April 2,

ir));9.

Prov. Syn. with
continuations to
Ap. 18, 1589.

3 N.s. Feb. 20


York


16

loSO, Nov.
2

1589 N.s.
Feb. 5

1589 N.s.


S. Paul's

S. Paul's

York


Feb. 5






340-1

[151



XIII.]



ENGLISH SYNODS.



a legislative as
sembly.



some of the foregoing provisions were, we are to
consider that this was a synod of bishops only,
and therefore any canons passed in it would not be bind-
ing on the English Church. This synod wanted an essential
element in its composition, the second order of the priesthood.
The archbishops and bishops of England possess, it is ad-
mitted, executive powers of a very large and extensive cha-
racter (would that they were even more extensive and more
stringently executed ! ) ; but legislative power, according to the
ancient constitution of this Church, by themselves they have
none. Should our reverend fathers in God at any time meet
together to devise plans for executing existing ecclesiastical
laws, their deliberations might prove most useful to the
Church, and might greatly facilitate the discharge of their
own sacred duties ; but to define doctrine or enact ecclesias-
tical canons without the consent of the presbyters or their
representatives are functions not involved in the archiepis-
copal or episcopal character in England. Were it otherwise,
the seventh ^^ of the foregoing ai'ticles would have given
sufficient sanction to the Elizabethan Prayer Book, but
as the matter stands that article falls short of satisfac-



558



A.D. 1561.
Q. Eliz.



<=« Vid. Blip,
p. 5n],and
compare pp.
541—543.



LIST OF ENGLISH SYNODS, A


.D. 1559— 1604— cow^iwwet?.




Date.

A.D.


Place.


Archbishop.


Sovereign.


Reference.


Nature of
Assembly.


1593 N.s.


S. Paul's


John Wliitgift ....


Q.EUzabeth..


Cone. M. B.


Provinc. Synod,


Feb. 20








iv. 343


with continua-
tions to Ap. 1 1 ,
1593.


1593 N.s.


York


John Piers


Q.Elizabeth..


Ibid. 345


Provinc. Synod,


Feb. 20










with continua-
tions to Ap. 20,
1593.


1597, Oct.


S. Paul's


John WTiitgift


Q.Elizabeth..


Ibid. 352


Provinc. Synod,


25










with continua-
tions to Feb. 10,
1598 N.s.


1597, Oct.


York


Matthew Hutton,


Q.Elizabeth..


Ibid. 357 ... .


Provinc. Synod,


25




archbp. of York






with continua-
tions to Feb. 16,
1598 N.s.


1001, Oct.


S. Paul's


John Whitgift


Q.Elizabeth..


Ibid. 3G3 . . . .


Provinc. Synod,


18










with continua-
tions to Dec. 21,
1601.


ICOl, Oct.


York


Matthew Hutton . .


Q.EUzabeth..


Ibid. 3G4 ....


Provinc. Synod,
with continua-


28




















tions to Nov. 30,












1601.



554



ENGLISH SYNODS,



[chap.



A.D. 1561.

Archbps.,

jNIatthew

Parker,

Thomas

Young.

chap, pp.541.
543.

eSce Canons
of 1604.
h Cone.
Mag. Brit,
iv. 230.



tion, and the defect in the book as stated^ above still
remained for a season uncured ^.

II. York pro- The sccond '^ ecclesiastical assembly which
vmcial Synod. ^^.j^^ during this period was a provincial Synod
at York; it was convened on April 21', 1561, but nothing
appears to have been there done, save the granting of money.
III. Diocesan The third ecclesiastical assembly held during
Synodof S.Asaph, ^j^jg period was the diocesan synod which assem-
bled at S. Asaph, under the presidency of Bishop Thomas
Davies, on the 12th of November, 1561. The ordinances
there set forth, chiefly concerning the discipline of his clergy,
were of a laudable character. They were digested into
eighteen heads, and were of the tenor given below *.

* 1. That the catechism should be published in all their churches in the Welsh
language, and in some of the churches in English.

2. That banns should be thrice published, save in cases of canonical dispensa-
tion.

3. That hospitality should be shewn by clerks, and glebe property maintained
in repair.

4. That the sick should be exhorted in making their walls to remember the need-
ful reparation of the cathedral church, and also to be mindfiU of the poor.

5. That wills should be certified to the bishop within a fortnight of the decease
of the testator.

(j. That feigned relics and superstitious remains should be abolished.

7. That registers should be duly kept.

}!. That all clerks under the degree of M.A. should provide themselves with a
New Testament in Latin and English, and also with the paraphrase of Erasmus ;
and that each of such clerks should learn by heart the first chapter of S. Paul's
Epistle to the Romans, and the si.\th chapter of S. John's Gospel.

9. That all clerks with cure of souls should provide themselves with an unex-
ceptionable form of a will, and also keep in store the necessary materials for
making wills, and that in jjcrforming such offices they should call in jiroper wit-
nesses.

10. That every clerk with cure of souls should appoint three or four discreet
men to keep order during divine service.

11. That due obeisance should be made at the name of Jesus, and that at
prayer time the people should kneel upon their knees.

1 2. That on Wednesdays and Fridays the litany should be sung or said, and the
people bid to resort to prayers at proper times.

13. That no clerk shoidd serve more than one cure without the bishop's special



Online LibraryJames Wayland JoyceEngland's sacred synods : a constitutional history of the convocations of the clergy, from the earliest records of Christianity in Britain to the date of the promulgation of the present Book of common prayer; including a list of all councils, ecclesiastical as well as civil, held in England, in whic → online text (page 60 of 83)