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Commemorative biographical record of Dutchess County, New York online

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the "Clifton" — which he commanded. During
the Civil war the United States Government
wanted the R. " Donaldson " to fit out as a war
vessel. The purchase being completed, he was
on his way to New York City to make the nec-
essary transfer, when he received word that
the steamer had run ashore in a fog, and was
burned. The financial loss was very heavy.
He then turned his attention to the hotel busi-
ness at Barrytown, Dutchess county, which
proved very successful. He also engaged in
the manufacture of tobacco at Red Hook for
some time.

Eleven children graced the union of Mr.
and Mrs. Hoffman, namely: Orison G., born
October 25, 1854; Elizabeth H., born October
2, 1856; William M. , born May 31, 1858;
Allen H., born January 19, 1861; George E.,
born January 14, 1863; Horace A., born Oc-
tober 23, 1864; C. Otis and Otto, twins, born
November 14, 1866; Robert M., born June 29,
1868; Maggie J., born May 5, 1872; and Hat-
tie C, born August 27, 1873. The youngest
son, Robert M. Hoffman, was born in Red
Hook, and in 1881 entered the De Garmo In-
stitute of Rhinebeck, Dutchess county, which
school has since been removed to Fishkill-on-
Hudson. He later attended the Holbrook
Military Academy at Sing Sing, N. Y., and in
1888, JDecame a student at Yale College, from
which he was graduated with the class of 1891.
After his graduation he went to Chicago, 111.,
where for a few years he practiced mechanical

On December 26, 1883, the earthh' career
of Mr. Hoffman was ended, his death being
deeply regretted by many warm friends as well
as his sorrowing family. His personal integ-
rity both in public and private life, was of the
highest order, and both he and his estimable
wife enjoyed the friendship and acquaintance
of a large number of the best people of Red
Hook and vicinity.

ARTHUR H. BOLLES. Although the
subject of this sketch has resided at
Pawling, Dutchess county, but a few years, he
has won an enviable position in business cir-
cles, the trade of his marble and stone cut-
ting establishment extending beyond the limits
of his immediate locality into Putnam county,
N. Y. , and Fairfield and Litchfield counties,
Conn. He is a native of the last-named coun-
ty, having first seen the light at New Preston,
November 11, 1857, and two previous genera-
tions have been prominent there in the same
line of business. His grandfather, Reuben
Bolles, was born in Colebrook, Conn., in 1790,
but about 1813 went to New Preston and
learned the trade of engraving marble and
granite, which he followed for sixty years, or
until his death, February i, 1874. He be-
came one of the principal marble dealers of
that region, owning a quarry of what is known
as New Preston marble, much in demand
for cemeteries. A man of great energy, his
activities were not confined to the manage-
ment of his business, as he took an active
share in the work of the Democratic part}', and
held numerous official positions. In religious
faith he was a Congregationalist. He married
a native of New Preston, Miss Amanda Meeker,
and had seven children, four sons — George \Y.,
Noble, Henry N. and Andrew J., all of whom
engaged in the stone and marble trade — and
three daughters — Caroline, who married Will-
iam Dowler; Maria, the wife of Henry Peck;
and Jeanette, who married Julius A. Glover,
of New Preston.

Henry M. Bolles, our subject's father, was
born at New Preston, in 1825, and since 1843
has carried on at the same place his extensi\-e
marble works, now the only establishment of
the kind in the neighborhood. His trade
covers a radius of forty or fifty miles, and he is
one of the substantial business men of the town.
He is an active member of the Congregational
Church, and in politics has always been in-
fluential as a Democrat, holding the office of
assessor and justice of the peace for many
years. His partner in life was Miss Sophia
Kinney, daughter of Gilbert Kinney, a well-
known resident of New Preston, and they
have had three children, of whom, our subject,
the youngest, is the only survivor. Edward
H. died in infancy, and William in his bo}'-

Arthur H. Bolles was educated in the Con-
necticut Literary Institute at Suffield, where



he received excellent training with the view of
pursuing; a more advanced course; but at the age
of nineteen he left school to engage in busi-
ness. His first employment was as a travel-
ing salesman, and in this work he was very
successful, handling some large contracts in
various localities, and superintending their
completion. After eight years with his father,
he spent six years with firms in Springfield and
Hartford and then returned to New Preston,
where he remained two years. In 1891 he
went to Pawling, purchasing the business
formerly owned by George W. Turner. This
was an old and well-known enterprise, estab-
lished about thirty-five years ago, and Mr.
Bolles has enlarged the plant and increased
his trade greatly. He makes a specialty of
granite work. Like all of his family, he is
public-spirited and loyal to the best interests
of his town; he attends the Baptist Church,
and takes a generous interest in all pro-
gressive movements. In politics he is a Dem-
ocrat, but has not sought office or taken a
prominent part in political strife.

Mr. Bolles was united in matrimony with
Miss Christina Richards, daughter of James
Richards, of London, England, but no chil-
dren have blessed their union.

ceased). In the intensified energy of the

successful man fighting the every-day battle of
existence there is but little to attract the idle
observer, but to the mind fully awake to the
realities of life and their meaning, there are
noble lessons to be learned from the history of
a man who without other aid than a clear
head, a strong arm, and a true heart, conquers
adversity, and while securing an honorable
competency leaves to his family the priceless
memory of a good name.

The subject of this memoir, formerly a
prominent resident of Billings, Dutchess coun-
ty, was a grandson of one of the earliest set-
tlers of the town of Lagrange — John BilHngs,
who was a tanner and shoemaker by trade in
early life, and later became well known as an
auctioneer. He was a Whig in politics, and a
member of the M. E. Church at Lagrangeville.
His wife, Rachel Jay, was a native of Hud-
son, N. Y., and they had four children: Isaac,
who lived in Lagrange; Daniel, our subject's
father; Rachel (Mrs. Thurston), and Fannie
(Mrs. Paul Durando).

Daniel Billings resided during his entire life
in the town of Lagrange, receiving his educa-
tion in the district schools and, later, followed
the occupation of farming. He became a Re-
publican in politics when the war issues caused
the formation of new party lines. He married
Elizabeth Vermilyea, and had four children, of
whom the subject of our sketch was the eld-
est: (2) Sarah Ann married Hubbard Col-
well, and died leaving three children — Chaun-
cey P., Elizabeth and Elvena. (3) John D.
is now deceased. (4) Catherine (deceased)
was formerly the wife of Samuel Colwell.

The late Isaac V. Billings was born Sep-
tember 28, 18 16, in the town of Lagrange, and
spent his boyhood at the old farm attending
the district schools and assisting in the work
at home. He learned the shoemaker's trade
with Edgar Hawkins, at Oswego Village,
Dutchess county, and followed it at Billings
during the most of his life. In early life he
was a Democrat in politics; but the temperance
reform seemed to him one of the vital issues
of the day, and he became one of the first
Prohibitionists in his town. He was a sup-
porter of the M. E. Church at Lagrangeville
for many years previous to his death, which
occurred April 19, 1825. On October 30,
i860, he was married at Billings to Miss Susan
Storm, who survives him. No children were
born of their union.

Mrs. Billings is a member of one of the
oldest and most substantial families. Her
great-grandfather, Derrick Storm, was a na-
tive of the town of Fishkill, and became a
farmer in Pleasant Valley, where his son Peter,
Mrs. Billings' grandfather, was born and passed
his entire life, engaging in agriculture as an oc-
cupation. He married Catalina Van Dj-ck,
and had six children: John P., who married
Miss Mott; Margaret (Mrs. Peter Le'Roy),
Lena. James, Polly, and Francis, none of
whom are now living. James Storm, the fa-
ther of Mrs. Billings, was born at the home-
stead in Pleasant Valley, and grew to manhood
there. He married Miss Johanna Van Voor-
hees, daughter of John Van Voorhees, a lead-
ing resident of Pleasant Valley, and for four
years after his marriage he lived upon a farm
in that locality. He then sold his property'
and moved to Alburg, Grand Isle Co., Vt. ,
where he followed agricultural pursuits for
many years; but his last years were spent in
his native county, in the town of Lagrange.
He was a Whig in politics, and he and his wife



were Presbyterians in religious faith. They
had nine children, of whom Mrs. Billings was
the youngest: (i) Caroline (deceased) mar-
ried Benjamin Marvin, and had three children
— Albert, Sarah E. and Mary E. (2) John
(deceased) married Mary E. Conger. (3)
Peter (deceased) married Lucinda Palmer, and
had two children — Solon and Caroline. (4)
Henry (deceased) married Abigail Smith, and
had five children — James, Mary Jane, Helen
(deceased), Henry and Minerva. (5) Cather-
ine has never married. (6) James, Jr. , a res-
ident of Stockbridge, Wis., married Emily
Prentiss, and has three children — Helen, David
H. and Frederick P. (7) Helen (deceased)
never married. (8) David (deceased) mar-
ried Jennie Dates.

J^ Among those who have been prominently
identified with the agricultural interests of
the town of Amenia, Dutchess county, and
whose perseverance and industry gained for
him not only a foothold in the world, but made
him one of the largest land holders in the lo-
cality, was the subject of this review. He be-
longs to that class of men peculiar to this Re-
public — the self-made men — and his property
was due not to any lucky speculation, to any
inheritance, or to any gift, but to his own con-
tinual struggles, and his indomitable pluck un-
der adversity.

Phineas Smith, his grandfather, was a lead-
ing physician and resident of Litchfield county.
Conn., where his death occurred at the age of
forty years. He married Miss Clemens, and to
them were born four children, all now de-
ceased: Whiting, Eleazer, Lorentz and

Lorentz, the father of our subject, was
born at Mt. Tom, Litchfield Co., Conn., June
29, 1789, and in the schools of that county
received his education. As a young man he
worked in a woolen-mill, which is still stand-
ing on the old home farm, becoming a weaver
and spinner, and at the age of thirty j'ears
went to Livingston Manor, Columbia Co., N.
Y. , where he engaged in that business until
1826, at which time he returned to the town of
Amenia, having purchased the place contain-
ing the mill in which he had worked in his
younger days. His return dated from Febru-
ary 22, 1826, and until 1S40 he manufactured
woolen cloth and flannels. He also conducted

his farm of 100 acres until his death, July 18,
1864. At Amenia he had married Miss Sally
Fields, a daughter of Jesse Fields, a carpen-
ter and builder. Four children graced this
union: (i) Albert Carter, of this sketch; (2)
George C, of the town of Stanford, Dutchess
county, who first married Charity Miller, by
whom he had four children — Hewitt, Mary,
Lawrence and Carrie — and for his second wife
he wedded Nellie Haynes, and by this union
has one son — George. (3) Louisa, who is the
widow of Nathaniel Hewitt (he died December
II, 1865), by whom she had four children —
Mary, wife of Mr. Colburn; Albertina, wife of
Herbert Fowler; and Emma and Sarah, both
deceased in infancy. Mrs. Hewitt resides on
the home farm, where she was born in 1829;
and (4) Julia Ann, who died at the age of two
years. The mother of this family died in 1848.

Albert Carter Smith was born at Livingston
Manor, Columbia county, April 4, 1820, but
his early life was passed mainly in the town of
Amenia, where he attended the district schools,
and was employed in the woolen-mill of his
father as long as it was conducted. Ever an
industrious, energetic man, he steadily in-
creased his estate until he became the owner
of one thousand acres of valuable land in
Amenia, Stanford and Washington town, all
of which property was acquired after he had
attained his fortieth year.

Politically Mr. Smith was an adherent of
Jeffersonian Democracy, but cared nothing for
public office. He stood in his mature years —
a strong man- — strong in the consciousness of
a well-spent life, strong to plan and perform,
strong in his credit and in his good name, and
for the younger generation a worthy e.xample
to imitate, as illustrating that success in life
that may be attained by industry and persever-
ance. His death occurred October 5, 1896.

IRVING FRALEIGH. The subject of this
_ biography is one of the honored sons of
Dutchess county, and a prominent resident of
the town of Red Hook, where his birth took
place February 4, 1837. He began life with
a definite purpose in view, worked faithfully,
honestlj', and with a will for its accomplish-
ment, and has now gained a comfortable com-

Our subject is descended from Putnam and
Elizabeth (Felder) Fraleigh, whose name ap-
pears in the records of the German Reformed




Church for the first time July 9, 1 780, when
their son Johannes was baptized. The names,
and dates of the baptism, of three of their
other children are as follows: Elizabeth, April
12, 1782; George, September 3, 1784; and
Phillippus, December 3, 1786. They also
had another son and daughter, Peter and Han-

The primary education of our subject was
obtained in the district schools of the town of
Red Hook, and the knowledge there acquired
was supplemented by a course in the Hartvvick
Seminary. After completing his studies there
he followed farming until twenty-si.x years of
age, when he engaged in freighting between
Barrytown and New York City, under the firm
name of P. L. Tyler & Co., which, later, was
dissolved, and the firm of Carnwright &
Fraleigh was organized. The name was
changed to Carnwright, Fraleigh & Company;
but the firm subsequently assumed the former
style, which they retained as long as the busi-
ness was conducted. Mr. Fraleigh was also
engaged in the milling business with a Mr.
Curtis under the firm style of Curtis & Fra-
leigh, which connection was continued some
six years, or until the death of Mr. Curtis.
Our subject then purchased the latter's inter-
est, and for two years conducted the Oriole
Mills at Rock City, after which he bought of
Charles White a one-half interest in the Red
Hook Mills, which, together with the Oriole
mills, were conducted under the firm name of
Irving, Fraleigh & Co., Sheridan Shook own-
ing an interest. They now operate both mills,
which they have greatly enlarged and im-
proved, and are also engaged in the distillery
business. Mr. Fraleigh conducts a fine stock
farm situated a short distance from the village
of Red Hook, which is one of the model farms
of the county and a source of great pleasure
and pride to him. He is a thorough business
man, upright and honorable in all his dealings,
and well deserves the success that has come to

On December 9, 1S62, Mr. Fraleigh was
married to Miss A. I. Cookingham, daughter
of Andrew Cookingham, of the town of Rhine-
beck, Dutchess county, and two children have
been born to them: Sheridan, born Novem-
ber II, 1868, died July 24, 1876, and Irving,
born October 17, 1877. In politics Mr. Fra-
leigh is a Democrat.

Peter H. Fraleigh, father of our subject,
was born September 2, 181 3, in the town of


Red Hook, and January 28, 1835, he married
Miss Lydia C. Shook, who was born July 31,
1815, and died August 5, 1885. Our subject
is their only child. The father was called
from earth February 10, 1893. He had been
a lifelong agriculturist, and the farm upon
which he passed his entire married life is now
owned by his son.

r/ ILLIAM CARROLL, a leading business
man of Rhinebeck. a manufacturer of
furniture and the proprietor of the oldest un-
dertaking establishment in Dutchess county,
was born in Rochester, N. Y., August 25, 1821.

John Carroll, his father, married Mary
Hauver, of Dutchess county, and had three
children: Christian Hauver, Mary Hauver,
and William, of whom, the two sons lived to
adult age. The father died in Ulster county
when our subject was an infant, and the
mother removed to Dutchess county, and lived
for some years in the town of Cinton, near the
slate quafry. Here our subject attended the
district school until the age of twelve years,
when his mother removed to Rhinebeck. After
four years in the schools there, he began clerk-
ing for Quick & Traver, and at nineteen went
to Poughkeepsie to learn the cabinetmaker's
trade with John De Pue. He remained in that
city four or five years, working for Taylor &
Nelson after his apprenticeship ended, and
then returned to Rhinebeck. September i,
1844, he opened a cabinet-making shop two
doors below his present location, but after the
fire of 1862, he bought a lot and erected the
three-story brick building which he has occu-
pied since that time. As his business de-
veloped, undertaking and the manufacture of
furniture became leading features, and in the
former line he is now the oldest worker in the
county. He has probably buried more people
than any two of his fellow craftsmen. His
store is one of the most complete in northern
Dutchess county. A careful, conservative
manager, Mr. Carroll's enterprises have always
been successful, and his advice is valued in busi-
ness circles and in local affairs. He was one
of the incorporators of the Rhinebeck Savings
Bank, and has always been a trustee in that

In 1845, Mr. Carroll married Miss Olevia
Van Tassell, a descendant of one of the old
families of the town of P'ishkill, born March
27, 1829, and has had five children, of whom,



three are living: (i) Henry died at the age of
twenty-three; (2) Arthur died in infancy; (3)
Julia married Dr. Banker, of Elizabeth, N. J.;
(4) William R., now in partnership with his
father, married Amelia Davis, of Stone I\idge,
Ulster county, and has three children — Grace,
William H. and Jessie; and (5) Harriet is the
widow of the late Dr. Allen, of Columbus, Ohio.
Although he is a firm believer in Ivepublic-
an principles Mr. Carroll is an independent
voter in local politics. He has never sought
office, his attention being devoted to his busi-
ness, but he has served as trustee of the vil-
lage, and is always ready to forward any
measure for local inprovement. He and his
wife are leading members of the M.E. Church,
with which he united fifty-five years ago, and
has been for most of that time an official. - He
is also a member of the F. & A. M.

WILLIAM A. TRIPP, the well-known
forwarding and freighting merchant,

of Rhinebeck, successor to the old New York
State Co., established *in 181 2, is descended
from one of the pioneer families of Dutchess
county, his ancestors having come from Eng-
land at an early period. His grandfather,
Timothy Tripp, was born in Dutchess coun-
ty, but moved to Otsego county in his later
years, and engaged in farming there during the
remainder of his life. He married Miss White,
and reared a family of seven children: John,
Alfred, Silas, William, Eunice, Hannah and
Ruby, and b}' a second wife he had another
son, Briggs.

Alfred Tripp, our subject's father, was
born in 1807, on the present site of Millbrook
station, in the town of Washington, and about
1840 engaged in a general merchandise busi-
ness at Oak Hill, Greene county, which he
carried on until a short time before his death.
He was also a stockholder in one of the found-
ries at that place, and was one of the leading
business men of the locality. His first wife
was a Miss Hopson, by whom he had one
daughter — Mary Ellen, and his second wife was
Maria Utter, daughter of James Utter, a prom-
inent resident of Oak Hill. Eleven children
were born of this union: Elizabeth (deceased);
Alice (deceased); James, captain of the barge
" Enterprise " and a resident of Schultzville;
Amanda (deceased); Delia (deceased); W'ill-
iam A., our subject; Helen, who lives at Oak

Hill; Edward (deceased); and Isaac, Hattie
and Carrie, who are all living at Oak Hill.

Mr. Tripp first saw the light May 18, 185 1,
and received his education in the district and
select schools of his native town. His advan-
tages in this respect were quite good; he has
since been a constant reader, and his informa-
tion is varied and extensive. At nineteen he
entered his father's store as clerk, and re-
mained two years, and April i, 1872, came to
Rhinebeck as clerk for Capt. J. H. Baldwin,
who then owned the freighting and commis-
sion business which had been founded by the
New York State Company si.xty years before,
and continued without interruption. Capt.
Baldwin sold it in 1875 to the Cornell Steam-
boat Co., who disposed of it March i, 1876,
to Hoffman & Pitcher. This firm continued
the business until March i, 18S4, when it was
purchased by Hoffman, Tripp & Co. On
April I, 1895, Mr. Tripp bought out his part-
ners, and has since been the sole proprietor of
the business, and the barge "Enterprise."
He is also engaged in the coal business and has,
perhaps, the largest aggregate trade in that
locality. In all his enterprises Mr. Tripp has
displayed e.xcellent judgment, and he is re-
garded as one of the most reliable young busi-
ness men of the town.

In politics he is a strong Republican, as
was his father before him, and he has been a
leading worker in local politics, serving as a
member of the Republican County Committee
for several years, and he has served also on the
Town Committee. He was at one time the
party candidate for supervisor. He belongs to
the F. & A. M., and is master of the Rhine-
beck Lodge No. 432, and he holds the office of
master of finance in the K. of P., Rhinebeck
Lodge No. 345.

_ where in our land are men who have
worked their own way from humble beginnings
to leadership in commerce, the great product-
ive industries, the management of financial
affairs, and in controlling the veins and ar-
teries of the traffic and exchanges of the
country. It is one of the glories of our nation
that it is so. Prominent among the self-made
men of Poughkeepsie is the subject of this

Mr. Muldowney was born at Madison,
Morris Co., N. J., September 15, 1850. His



father, Edward Muldowney, was a native of
Ireland, and came to America when about
twenty-six years old, locating on a farm in
New Jersey. He was married to Anna Tier-
ney, also a native of the Emerald Isle, and
they began their domestic life upon a farm,
where their six children were born: Michael,
of this review; Mary, widow of Frederick Mil-
ler, an engineer, who was killed on the rail-
road; Martin, who located in the West; Ed-
ward, a resident of New York City; John, who
died in infancy; and Joseph, who is engaged
in the grocery business in Albany, N. Y. The
father always engaged in agricultural pursuits,
and died in Poughkeepsie. His political sup-
port was given the Democratic party, and he
and his wife were devout members of the Ro-
man Catholic Church. Her death occurred
in New York City.

The early life of our subject was passed
at Madison, N. J., until thirteen years of age,
during which time he attended the public
schools, and then went to New York City,
where he secured the position of check clerk in
the "Hoffman House," remaining there for
three years. Going to Newark, N. J., he
learned the carpenter's trade with Reeve,
Howard & Battin, at No. 8 Walnut street. At
the end of three years, however, he returned
to New York City, where he followed that occu-
pation in various shops until coming to Pough-
keepsie in 1876. Entering into the grocery
business with his brother Joseph, at No. 54
Union street, that partnership was continued
for five years, when our subject assumed com-