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Commemorative biographical record of Dutchess County, New York online

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commanded or belonged to that organization, Sic. These
arranged and condensed would constitute a work of five
or six volumes 8vo., such as those prepared by Prof. John
W. Draper, entitled the "Civil War in America," but
were never given as bound volumes to the public, because
the expense was so great that the author, who merely
writes for credit and amusement, was unwilling to assume
the larger outlay, in addition to what he had already ex-
pended on the purchase of authorities, clerk-hire, print-
ing, &c., &c.

A complete list, comprising almost as many
more titles, not included in the foregoing
presentation, was drawn up by the writer, but
mislaid, and was omitted for want of time and

The General's latest series of works were a
succession of monographs on the Wars of-

*Noticed in Annual Report of the American Historical Associa-
tion, IS'.15,



Buonaparte. One, a translation of the records
of Colonel Pion des Loches in 1812, then be-
longing to the Artillery of the Imperial Guard,
which ran through five numbers of The Golden
Magazine (January, February, March, April
and May, 1895); with copious notes and along
commentary upon the whole campaign and
upon Buonaparte as a commander by the Gen-
eral himself.

2. Waterloo, "The Campaign and Battle,"
a bird's-eye view. (1893).

3. Waterloo. (1S94).

4. Prussians in the Campaign of Water-
loo; in which it is conclusively shown that,
although too much credit cannot be conceded
to Wellington and his Anglo-Allied Army for
the heroism of the command and the intrepid-
ity of the commander, the rescue of Welling-
ton from defeat, and the annihilating victory
over the French, was assuredly due to Blucher
and his Prussians. (1895).

5. Authorities treating of the last cam-
paigns of Buonaparte — 1S12-13-14-1 5; being
critical reviews of numerous authorities on the
Buonaparte wars, especially of 1814 and 1815.


6. A translation of Vermeil de Conchard s
Life of Blucher, from his correspondence; with
niass!7-e notes from the best authorities, in
English, German and French, filling double
the number of pages occupied by the transla-
tion. (1896).

7. The Real Napoleon Buonaparte. (1894-


8. Napoleone di Buonaparte. Two series;

a sequel to No. 7, which the noted sportsman,
writer, lawyer and railroad man, Charles E.
Whitehead, wrote, " read like volleys of mus-
ketry," just equivalent in force of expression
to Adj. -Gen. Pruyn's letter, "the courage to
divide a hornet's nest. "

Fr.^nk Allaben.

JOHN P. RIDER was born in Rhinebeck,
Dutchess county, N. Y. , January 28, 1S35.
His father, Albert .\. Rider, was born in
Rhinebeck in 1807, and his mother, Caroline
(Jenningsj, was born in the same town in
1808. His paternal grandparents were Philip
Rider, born at Dartmouth, Mass., in 1781,
and his wife, Catherine (Van Fredenburgh),
born at Rhinebeck, N. Y. . in 1786. His ma-
ternal grandparents were John Jennings, born

in 1773, at Windham, Conn., and Aurelia
(Bard), his wife, born in 177S, at Sharon,
Conn. His paternal great-grandparents were
Thurston Rider and Hannah (Cummings),
both of Dartmouth, Massachusetts.

It will thus be seen that our subject traces
his lineage back on one side to genuine Yankee
blood, and on the other to the stalwart Dutch
of New York. His primary education was re-
ceived in the district schools of his native
town, and later he attended the old Rhinebeck
Academy, one of the best schools of that day,
where he easily took a leading position among
the students from his exceptional abilit}'. His
classmates often recalled, in later years, his
quiet, unobtrusive ways, his sterling qualities
of mind and character, his fine progress in his
studies, and his clean, manly record through
his school-days. When sixteen years old, he
took a clerkship with his uncle, John F. Jen-
nings, at Kingston, N. Y. , where he began his
successful business career. He remained there
two years, and then returned to Rhinebeck to
act as deputy to his father, who had been ap-
pointed postmaster by President Pierce. In
1 85 5 he accepted a position in a wholesale
dry-goods establishment in New York City, and
has, therefore, a very vivid recollection of the
great financial panic of 1857, for, though but
just of age, his employers furnished abundant
proof of his ability and trustworthiness by
sending him on a collecting tour through the
far Western States.

In i860, a few months before the breaking
out of the Civil war, he was married to Cor-
nelia A. De Forest, who is a lineal descend-
ant of Col. Johannis Snyder, of the First Regi-
ment of Militia in Ulster county, which was
formed at New Paltz on the iQth of January,

In 1863 he was appointed secretary of the
New York Rubber Co., and held that position
in New York City until 1883, when the com-
pany expressed their further confidence in him
by making him vice-president of the company,
and putting him in charge of their affairs at
j Matteawan, N. Y., where their extensive man-
i ufacturing works are situated. He then be-
came a resident of Fishkill-on-Hudson, and
has ever since been identified with the best in-
terests of the historic town of Fishkill. In 1886,
while absent on a visit to Florida, the people
honored him with an election as supervisor for
the town, and the following year he was re-
elected, and was, moreover, chosen chairman



of the board of supervisors of Dutchess county.
Here he displa}ed the same marked ability
and unswerving integrity in presiding over their
deliberations that he had shown in managing
the business of the town. He was subsequently
elected president of the village of Fishkill Land-
ing, in which capacity he served one term with
signal success. He was afterward Democratic
candidate for member of the Assembly for the
First District of Dutchess County, and although
there was a Republican majority of 1,200 in
the district, his popularity brought him such a
flattering vote that the usual majority was re-
duced one third. But Mr. Rider is not quite
the kind of a man to make an all-round poli-
tician. He has too fine a sense of right; too
keen an appreciation of his dutj- to the
people; too firm a determination to do that
duty on all occasions; and too much self-respect
to make him a subservient tool of the leaders
in practical politics. ■ Whatever political oflices
he held came to him unsought, and all their
obligations were faithfully fulfilled. His sterl-
ing worth, his business integrity, and public
confidence in his sound judgment caused him
to be elected vice-president of the recently in-
corporated Matteawan National Bank, to the
success of which he has largely contributed.

Mr. Rider is a Free and Accepted Mason
of forty years' honorable standing, a member
of Palestine Commandery, Knights Templar, of
the famous Mecca Temple of the Mystic
Shrine, and has attained the e.xalted position
of the Thirty-second degree in the Ancient Ac-
cepted Scottish Rite Masonry in the Valley of
New York, Northern Jurisdiction of America.
These facts serve to emphasize the esteem in
which he is held by his fellow-citizens and by
the Masonic craft. He is a man of quiet, un-
obtrusive, retiring manners, yet always a pol-
ished gentleman and man of the world, apt at
business, cool, calm and reticent, yet endowed
with a cultivated insight into men and business
which makes him a wise administrator of af-
fairs, public or private, a successful employer
of labor, and a valuable citizen. He is a fine
specimen of such as carve out their own careers
in this free land. Not a college graduate, he
is still a well-read man, not only in commercial
matters, but also in polite and elegant litera-
ture, and in the various departments of science.
Genial and entertaining among his friends, en-
dowed with a fund of wit and humor always at
his command, he is respected and loved most
by those who know him best.

CASSIUS M. C. SMITH, the enterprising
_ and popular proprietor of "The Woron-
ock," at New Hackensack. Dutchess county,
one of the best hotels in this region, is a native
of Columbia county, but his family has been
identified with Dutchess county for several gen-

David Smith, his grandfather, was born in
the town of Clinton, and spent his life there,
following agricultural pursuits. He had nine
children: Lewis, Thomas, Stephen, Henry,
Joseph, Solomon. Sarah, Eliza and Carrie.
Lewis Smith, our subject's father, was born
March 14, 18 18, and passed his early years at
the old homestead. He married Elizabeth
Hicks, a descendant of one of the pioneer fam-
ilies of the town of Pleasant \'alley, where her
great-grandfather, Joseph Hicks, and his wife,
formerly Miss Filkins, located in Colonial times,
obtaining a grant of land from Queen Anne.
Her grandfather, Samuel Hicks, a prominent
resident of that locality, married Margaret Doty,
and reared a family of three children; Ben-
jamin, Mary (Mrs. Samuel Halstead) and Sam-
uel S., Mrs. Smith's father, who enjoyed fine
educational privileges owing to his inability to
perform the hard labors of the farm. He be-
came a teacher in Poughkeepsie, but after his
marriage to Miss Mary Peters returned to the
old home to reside. Mrs. Smith was one of
the following children: Margaret, who mar-
ried Thomas Smith, a farmer of the town
of Washington; Hewlett P., a resident of the
town of Clinton; Elizabeth (Mrs. Smith); Ed-
ward S., a retired farmer of Pleasant \'alley;
Elias, a merchant in Rochester, N. Y. ; Burtis,
a farmer in the town of Clinton; Hannah, the
widow of Asa Smith; and Mary (deceased),
who married Solomon Merritt, a carpenter at

After their marriage our subject's parents
lived upon a farm in the town of Clinton for a
short time, and then moved to Columbia coun-
ty, and remained twenty years. On returning
they settled at Clinton Corners, where Mr.
Smith's father was engaged in the cattle busi-
ness. In 1S59 he bought a farm in the town
of Lagrange, where he died June 12, 1884.
He was a Republican politically, and he and
his wife, who survived him, adhered to the
Quaker faith.

Our subject was born February 6, 1848.
He was only seven years old when his parents
moved to Clinton Corners, and ten, when they
established their home on the farm, where he



grew to manhood. At twenty-two he engaged
in the butcher's trade, which he followed twen-
ty-three years. In April, [892, he purchased
"The Woronock ", at New Hackensack, a
" landmark " of the place, formerly known as
" Yates Tavern ", and moved there November
I, following. Under his business-like manage-
ment steam-heat and other modern improve-
ments have been added, and it is a favorite
resort of tourists. It will accommodate about
forty guests, and in the summer season it is
well filled. One especially pleasing feature is
the cuisine, as Mr. Smith keeps a farm of forty
acres to supply his table.

On February 26, 1872, he married Carrie
A. Dorland, and they have one daughter, Edith
C. Mrs. Smith's ancestors were early residents
of the town of Lagrange, and her father, Sam-
uel Dorland. was a well-known farmer and
blacksmith there. He was a cousin of Peter
Dorland, father of Cyrenus Dorland, surrogate
of Dutchess county. Mr. Smith is a public-
spirited, influential man, his circle of friends
extending far beyond local limits. In politics
he is a Republican.

WILLIAM R. MOORE. The subject of
this personal narrative, now residing

at Upper Red Hook, N. Y., was born at
Barrytown, N. Y., in a house standing in Revo-
lutionary times. His present residence com-
mands one of the finest views of the Catskills
from any inland point, its surrounding forty
acres combining village privileges with space
and comfort.

Mr. Moore's family record runs back to the
time when New York State was but a Province.
The old stone house still standing near Barry-
town Corners was in the family for five gener-
ations. The tract of land coming into his
possession as he reached his majority, and
which he sold in later years to John Aspinwall,
was originally a portion of the grant of Col.
Peter Schuyler, and deeded to Phillipus Hen-
drich Mohr, his great-grandfather, in 1771.
He died in 1775, before the Declaration of
Independence was declared. Puterus Moore,
his son, served in the Revolutionary army,
and family traditions picture his wife subjected
to the depredations of the British soldiery (as
they sailed up the Hudson in their sloops),
hiding her food and begging them to spare her
last horse. The line of descent is as follows:
Phillipus Hendrich Mohr, born about 1723,

died in 1775, married Engel Dederick. Pe-
terus Moore, their son, born November, 1743,
died May, 1833, married Christyna Behner,
December, 1770. Garret Moore, their son,
born March, 1793, died June, 1826, married
Lanah Rowe, January, 18 15. William R.
Moore, their son, was born August 22, 1826,
and was united in marriage with Jane Ann
Ten Broeck, who was born on the old Ten
Broeck homestead in Germantown, Columbia
Co.. N. Y. , April 27, 1830, and was educated
in Hudson Academy. To this worthy couple
have been born five children, namely; .^nna
B., William B., Helen R., Hattie E. and
Minnie. Hattie E. died when she arrived at
maturity. Helen R. is the wife of Rev. John
Morrison, of Fishkill-on-Hudson, by whom
she has two chiMren: Stewart Ten Broeck
and Anna Janette, and the family is now loca-
ted at Portland, Ore., where Mr. Morrison is
pastor of a flourishing Presbyterian Church.
The early history of the Ten Broeck family,
to which Mrs. Moore belongs, dates bark to
162G, when Wessel Ten Broeck, a merchant
from Munster, Westphalia, came over in com-
pany with Peter Minuit (^pronounced Menewe),
the newly appointed director of New Nether-
lands. He settled in New Amsterdam as a
merchant. He had three sons, Derick Wessel,
Hendrick Wessel and Joachim Wessel. Derick
Wessel, the eldest, was born in 1639, and
known in history as Maj. Wessel. As early
as 1662 he was the largest fur-trader at Beaver-
Wyck ("now Albany). He was largely engaged
in Indian and other public affairs. The his-
torical records of New York show that in 1689
he was employed by Gov. Dongan as ambassa-
dor to Canada to settle matters of Provincial
difficulty. He was also major of militia, com-
missary first recorder of Albany in 1686, mayor
of AHjany in 1696, and Indian commissioner.
He bought of the heirs of Anneke Jans, in
1662, her residence on the east corner of State
and James streets, which became his city
dwelling, being the same lot now occupied by
the Mechanical & Traders Bank and the
Evcjiiit}; Journal buildings. He owned much
real estate, and Ten Broeck street in Albany
was named for him. By deed of date Octo-
ber 26, 1694, Robert Livingston conveyed to
him a tract of land on both sides of Roeliff
Jansen's Kill, containing about 1,200 acres,
also a tract on the Hudson river of 600 acres,
situated 200 paces south of the old Livingston
Manor House.



In 1663. he married Christyna Van Buren,
who died November 23, 1729; his death oc-
curred September iS, 17 17. Their eldest son.
Wessel. was Indian commissioner, recorder of
Albany, and lieutenant of militia. From this
line descended Gen. Abraham Ten Broeck, of
Revolutionary- fame. As president of the
committee of safety of Xew York, he carried
on an able and patriotic correspondence with
Hon. John Hancock, President of Congress.
He married Elizabeth, sister of Stephen ^'an-
Renssalaer. the fourth Patroon of the Manor
of Renssalaerwyck. Their son. Derrick Ten
Broeck, a lawyer, was for three sessions the
eloquent speaker of the House of the Assembly.
New York State. All these facts are proved
true in histories and documents in the State
Library at Albany. Up to the present date,
the tract of land on the Hudson, at German-
town, deeded by Robert Livingston to Derrick
Wessel Ten Broeck. in 1694. has descended
from eldest son to eldest son. so that, most
literalh", it maj- be called "old homestead,"
having been in the familj- over two hundred
years. There is preserved the oldest known
family Bible in the Ten Broeck line, and also
a portrait of an ancestor, Jacob Ten Broeck,
born in 1700, son of the above Wessel. This
ancestor was married in 1725 to Christyna
Van Alen. who died July 28. 175S. His death
occurred September 14. 1774.

From the founder in America to the eldest
brother of Mrs. Moore, this branch of the Ten
Broeck family is traceable through the eldest
sons, (i) Derrick Wessel married Christyna
Van Buren in 1663. {2) Wessel married
Cathryna Loermans in 1684. (3) Jacob mar-
ried Christyna Van Alen, September 29. 1725.
(4) Wessel married Janetje Person. February
4. 1764. (5) Jacob married Christina Schep-
mas. (6'^ Jacob ^the father of Mrs. Moore),
who married Anna Benner. is the next in
direct descent. (7 Jacob Wessel. her brother,
married Sarah Ann Evarts. May 24. 1S4S. S)
Andrew J., his son, married Julia Winans, Oc-
tober 26, 1SS2'.

Hon. Jacob Ten Broeck. the father of Mrs.
Moore, was born on the Ten Broeck home-
stead at Germantown, Ma\- 13. 1800. In
1S44 he removed to Hudson. lea\nng his son,
Jacob Wessel, the old homestead: was made a
charter director of the Farmers National Bank,
of Hudson, at its organization in 1S39, and he
was the oldest officer of that institution at the
time of his death in 1S83. During the troub-

lous times of the Civil war he efficiently served
as mayor of Hudson, and wast also a member
of the Assembly from Columbia county in later
years. He married Anna Benner. who \va3
born November 15, 179S. and was a daughter
of Hendrick Benner. of the towTi of Red Hook,
Dutchess ccunty. She died March 26, 1S79.

_ subject of this sketch, spent her earh"
life in the town of Lagrange, Dutchess county,
attending the district schools and Miss Booths
boarding school, besides a private school at
Fishkill. She met Edward Preston Taylor in
Poughkeepsie. where they were married. He
was born in Orange. N. J., and was a member
of the firm of Nelson & Taylor, cabinet makers,
with their place of business on the comer of
Main and Crannell streets.

After their marriage our subject and her
husband conducted the " Forbus House. " which
stood where the *• Nelson House "" now is. and
was where the old stage house was located, a
very historic spot. When Mr. Taylor died.
Mrs. Taylor continued to run the • • Forbus
House" until 1S75, when she built the new
• • Nelson House, "' which was opened April 1 .
1S76. The house was named in honor of our
subjects brother. Judge Homer A. Nelson. Two
children were bom to Mr. and Mrs. Taylor:
Ella Kate, and Nelson ^deceasedV Ella mar-
ried F. J. Jewett, of Albany. N. Y.. and they
have two children — Rev. F. G. Jewett. rector
of St. Pauls Church at Albany, and Edward
Taylor Jewett. of the Albany Engraving Co.
The Rev. F. G. Jewett has one daughter.
Catherine Pauline, and a son. F. G. Jewett ^^3"'.

Reuben Nelson, the great-grandfather of
our subject, was bom in Dutchess county: was
drafted for the Revolutionary war. and ser\ed
as one of the •• Minute men. " receiving a pen-
sion for his services. He married Miss Han-
nah Morse, a native of Delaware countj'. N. Y.
Reuben Nelson. Jr.. grandfather of our sub-
ject, was born in the town of Lagrange, where
he went to school, and later engaged in farm-
ing. He married Miss Catherine Garzee.
whose birth took place in Newport, R. I. She
was a daughter of a French sea captain, who
owned a vessel and came to America and joined
LaFayeites army in the cause of American
Independence. John M. Nelson, the only child
of Reuben, was bom on the old homestead in
Lagrange, where his earlv education was ob-



tained, and where he was married to Miss
Eliza Smith, who was born in Boston of Eng-
lish parents. Their children were: Catherine
Eliza, our subject; Laura, Homer A.. Charles
and John, of New York City; and Cora, who
married Dr. \'andenser.

JOHN W. SPAIGHT, a prominent resident
of Fishkill-on Hudson, Dutchess county,

whose able editorial management of the
Standard has made that paper influential
throughout the community, is one of the men
whose energies and abilities have been con-
stantly and consistently devoted to the best in-
terests of the town.

He is a native of Dutchess county, having
first seen the light in Poughkeepsie, May 26,
1833. He attended the common schools of
that city until the age of fourteen, and in 1849
entered the office of the Poughkeepsie Tc/c-
grapli as an apprentice, remaining five years.
On attaining his majority he took charge of
the Higliland Eagle at Peekskill, the prede-
cessor of the present Higliland Democrat.
The following year he purchased the paper,
and carried it on successfully for three years,
when he sold it with the intention of going
into business elsewhere; but his plans failing
he remained in charge of the of^ce for another
year. In the spring of 1859 he returned to
Poughkeepsie, and formed a partnership with
A. S. Pease and J. G. P. Holden for the pub-
lication of the Daily Press; but this venture
proved a failure, and he lost all that he had
made while in Peekskill. After three years in
Poughkeepsie he purchased the Fishkill Stand-
ard with the assistance of his brother-in-law,
James E. Member, and February 10, 1862, he
assumed the control of the paper. The office
was a very small one and the paper only a
seven-colunm folio; but by untiring industrj'
and judicious management the enterprise has
been made to prosper, and the Standard has
been enlarged from time to time until it is now
a folio of nine columns.

Mr. Spaight was married January i, 1856,
at Peekskill, to Miss Eliza J. Diven, of that
village, and they have four children — three
sons and one daughter. The sons are all con-
nected with the Standard office in various ca-
pacities, and are giving evidence of the same
qualities which have marked their father's suc-
cessful work in the journalistic field. The
family are identified with the Methodist

Church, Mr. Spaight and his wife having be-
come members while in Peekskill, and he has
been steward, district steward, trustee (for
thirty-three years), and president of the board
of trustees. In the Sunda\-school he was a
leading worker for twent\-five years, having
been a teacher, secretary, treasurer, and super-
intendent. He resides in a beautiful part of
the village, on high ground overlooking the
river and bay, the view including the mount-
ains and city of Newburgh. His place has
been named "The Cedars," from the fact that
the hill was formerly covered with a fine
growth of cedar trees, only a few of which now

As a public-spirited citizen Mr. Spaight has
always been ready to encourage any worthy
movement and to assist in local affairs. He
was the first treasurer of the village of Fish-
kill Landing; holding the office for several
years, and a trustee four terms; was a trustee
of the public schools for about sixteen years,
and is now treasurer of the school district.
He has been connected with the Howland Cir-
culating Library, as its secretary, since its or-
ganization in 1872; is a trustee of the Mechan-
ics Savings Bank, for several years has been
a member of the funding committee, and is
now its second vice-president. He is affiliated
with the Masonic fraternity, was secretary of
Beacon Lodge No. 283, F. & A. M., for some
time, and for the last seventeen years has held
the office of treasurer.

WILLIAM B. MILLARD, for many years
the senior member of the firm of W.

Millard Sons, of New Hamburg, Dutchess
county, now the Millard Lumber Co. , is a
worthy representative of a family which has
been distinguished through several generations
for business ability, integrity, public-spirit, and
all those admirable qualities of character which
go to make good citizenship. The head of the
American branch of the family came from
France at an early date, settling in New Eng-
land, and John Millard, our subject's great-
grandfather, lived in Cornwall, Conn., where
he had a sawmill.

Charles Millard, our subject's grandfather,
was born in Cornwall, Conn., in 1763, and be-
longed to the army of the Revolution in 1780,
in his eighteenth year. His first wife was
Lydia Pride, a native of Poughkeepsie. He



settled in Marlboro, Ulster county, where he