And for more than a century and a half that beautiful German word,
"Kindergarten" has been sweet to the child's world. Arizona
has one wonderful and most valuable asset her children, the cause of
great pride, and deserving of their right inheritance, health, oppor-
tunity and good moral environment, which, if given them will aid In
their development into splendid men and women.
Scenes on the Campus
VV H O S W H O
The University of Arizona
THE UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA is an integral part of the system of
public education established by and for the Territory, and aims as the
head of such system, to fill the same position as that occupied by the
state universities in such states as California and Wisconsin. Its gen-
eral organization is in accordance with the Act of Congress of July 2,
1862, known as the Morrill Act, creating the "Land Grant Colleges".
The details of its organization and government are regulated by the
Act of the Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Arizona, passed in
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1885, and embodied with amendments, in the Revised Statutes of
Arizona Territory, 1901, which vests the government of the institu-
tion in a corporation styled the Board of Regents of the University of
Arizona, consisting of the Governor and Superintendent of Public In-
struction, ex-officio, and four other members appointed by the Gover-
nor for a term of four years.
The University is situated about a mile from the business center of
Tucson, a city which lies in a broad, flat valley, at an elevation of
2,400 feet above sea level, and is surrounded by mountains. . The dry,
mild and equable climate of Tucson has made it a famous health resort
unsurpassed in winter. The campus, consisting of 60 acres, is care-
fully laid out in drives, lawns and gardens, and with its large number
of trees of various kinds, has the appearance of a well kept park.
The University offers standard courses in agriculture, including
horticulture and animal husbandry, astronomy, biology, chemistry, his-
tory, economics, English, French, German, Spanish, Latin and Greek,
philosophy and education, physics, mechanic arts, mechanical and elec-
trical engineering, civil engineering, geology, mining engineering and
The University in all departments is open to properly qualified per-
sons of both sexes. It is maintained by funds appropriated by the
United States and the State of Arizona, and is thus enabled to offer
its privileges to residents and non-residents at a very moderate charge.
The United States appropriates $50,000 a year to the institution.
Fifty-seven sections of valuable timber land in Coconino county have
been set apart by the federal government for the maintenance of the
University, and recent provisions of the enabling act increase its en-
dowment to over $4,000,000. The University also receives special
appropriations for the science departments, and has a series of endow-
ments provided by Professor James Douglas and others for the depart-
ment of mineralogy and other departments. The amount received an-
nually from miscellaneous sources such as matriculation, and tuition
fees, rent of cottages, damage to property, etc., is about $1,500, while
receipts for board, light, etc., amount to about $18,000 annually.
The courses offered in the College of Agriculture and the Mechanic
Arts provide both a liberal training along literary and scientific lines,
296 WHO'S WHO
and technical training along engineering, mechanical and agricultural
lines. Great latitude of election is given in the literary and scientific
courses, but the courses in engineering are more rigid in their require-
ments. The aim is to combine practical with theoretical instruction.
The needs of a young and growing commonwealth are kept in mind
and a steady attempt made to develop the adaptibility and resourceful-
ness so necessary to meet changing conditions.
The School of Mines is designed for the education and training of
young men in the arts and sciences directly involved in the industries
of mining and metallurgy. Especial attention is given to mathematics,
physics chemistry, mineralogy and geology, and their application.
The Bureau of Mines and Assaying, while not directly connected with
the work of instruction, a^ords, with its laboratory and the influx of
new material, a valuable object lesson to the advanced students.
During the year 1913 the University offered for the first time a
short course in agriculture, occupying two weeks in February. The
attendance was most encouraging and warrants the continuance of the
course from year to year. A home economics course is projected for
the coming year, also a short course for miners and prospectors.
Students coming from other institutions of recognized standing may
be admitted to classes above Freshman upon presentation of properly
authenticated certificates of work done and credited upon the records
with so much of such work done as corresponds approximately with
the courses required for the desired degree here. Graduates from
courses in Arizona Normals are given a total credit of 32 units which
shall include the cancelling of the requiremenas in Philosophy, but not
in English 1, 2, nor any entrance requirements, the equivalent of
which shall not have been fulfilled. Since the statutes of Arizona pro-
vide the course of study in the high schools of the state "shall be such
as, when completed, shall prepare its students for admission into the
University", the University admits without examination, save in Eng-
lish composition, graduates of approved high schools of Arizona.
Persons of mature age and with sufficient preparation, who are not
candidates for degrees, may be admitted to regular classes as special
students, provided they show to the satisfaction of the instructors that
they can take the course with profit to themselves and without detri-
ment to the regular classes.
Advanced degrees will be given only for work done in residence, to
candidates who have received the Bachelor's degree from this institu-
tion or one of similar standing. The courses in each case will be laid
out by those in charge of the departments in which work for the degree
is to be taken, and must be approved by a committee composed of all
the heads of departments.
The Agricultural Experiment Station deserves special mention. A
staff of scientists, experts in plant life, the chemistry of soils, etc.,
New Science Building
Scene on Campus
298 U H O ' S WHO
carry on constant investigations and experiments in their lines, trying
out their hypotheses by actual demonstrations first on small parcels of
ground on the University campus and then on the University's farm
lands. Allied with this work, but on a somewhat different basis is the
department of agriculture, which is maintained not for research pur-
poses, but for those of instruction. Owing to the wide variation of
agricultural conditions in Arizona, it has been found of advantage to
distribute the work so that each department is located, so far as possi-
ble, in the region most favorable to the accomplishment of its own
special results, and there are branch stations at Tempe, Ariz., where
the date farm is located; between Phoenix and Buckeye; at Yuma; a
dry farm at Prescott, and another dry farm at Snowflake, Apache
County. In addition, tests of dry farming and of underground water
flows are being made by University authorities in the Sulphur Springs
Valley of Cochise County.
Provision is made so far as possible for furnishing board and rooms
to students of both sexes at the University, the young women under
the direction of a capable and experienced preceptress. The dining
hall, under the management of a paid steward, can accommodate 100,
and while the charge of $18.00 per month for board is very low,
it is the aim of the management to serve substantial and appetizing
meals. All students having rooms in the dormitories are required to
take their meals in the dining hall, while with others it is optional.
The attendance at the University for the regular terms, vibrating
for a number of years about the two hundred mark, has now risen
to above three hundred and twenty-five, if we include those enrolled
for the short course in agriculture 77 in all. The preparatory
classes are gradually being dropped and their place taken by new and
more college students. The spirit of the campus is changing to one
that is more distinctively collegiate.
The peculiar strength of the University has been in its faculty,
brought together from the great universities of the country. They
would be a university in themselves. With such a faculty the future
of the University would be secure ; but with the addition of proper
equipment, as needed, the institution will expand rapidly in its service
to the state.
Particular attention is given to athletics at the University and
the baseball, football, basketball and other teams have made an ex-
cellent record during the past few years. During the past year an
athletic tournament was held at the University in which teams from
all parts of the state were present, and those attending had a splen-
did opportunity to investigate the University course and the advant-
ages offered in athletics. Owing to the excellent climate, it is pos-
sible for athletes to train in the open during the entire year, which has
proven a source of decided benefit as a diversion from the confinement
of the study hall and preparation for the real conflict.
Recreation at Northern Arizona Normal
WHO S WHO
The Northern Arizona Normal School
THE NORTHERN ARIZONA NORMAL SCHOOL is located at Flag-
staff, on the main line of the Santa Fe, in the center of the great
timber belt of northern Arizona. The scenery in this section is un-
surpassed. The San Francisco Peaks, in full view from the normal
school, in summer time wear a hood of mist during the rainy season
and in w r inter time a crown of snow. They are always beautiful and
The Sunset Mountain and the Cliff Dwellings are reached by team
or a"to in a few hours. The Sunset Mountain is a perfect crater,
the rim of which is from two to three miles in circumference. It
has received its name from the fact that the cinders give it the ap-
pearance of a sunset. The Cliff Dwellings are among the most ex-
tensive and the grandest in the southwest. The Petrified Forests
can be seen in a trip requiring from one to two days, and the Grand
Canyon of the Colorado is now reached from Flagstaff by auto at
a moderate expense. These are natural winders that people cross
the continent to see that they come from all the world to see.
The climatic conditions are those of the temperate zone rather than
the tropics, as in the southern part of the state. Although there is
moisture enough to grow trees over one hundred twenty-five feet
high, there is the dryness of the Rocky Mountain atmosphere, and the
heat in the summer is never oppressive.
The flora of northern Arizona is abundant and varied. Many of
the flowers, like the primrose, that bloom on the banks of Salt River
in March bloom at Flagstaff in August. The beautiful lupine grows
everywhere. The flowers are so abundant that probably there is no
place where the humming birds are so numerous as at Flagstaff in
Flagstaff is a thriving little city of over two thousand inhabitants.
It is supplied with an abundance of pure mountain water, the intake
of which is more than half way up the Peaks. Having also a proper
sewer system, the sanitary conditions are all that can be desired.
The Northern Arizona Normal School has more than a statewide
reputation. Of the accredited schools in California it leads the list,
and Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Utah also recognize its
The faculty of this School consists of fourteen members, all of
whom have been selected with regard to the peculiar fitness for
the positions they hold. The schools represented are: Arizona
School of Music; Tempe Normal School; Eastern Illinois State Nor-
mal School ; Oshkosh Normal School ; Ypsilanti Normal School ; Illi-
nois State Normal University; University of Wisconsin; Washington
WHO S WHO
University; Industrial Art School, Weimar, Germany; Teachers'
College, Columbia University; University of Jena, Jena, Germany.
Three courses of study are maintained. A course of five years is
offered to those who enter after completing the eighth grade, and a
course of two years is offered to those who have completed a high
school course of four years. Those who do not wish to prepare to
teach may take a course of four years and receive a diploma after
completing sixteen units of work, half of which is elective. The
student is advised to make such selections as will fit him best for the
work he expects to do after completing his course. It is planned to
permit as much freedom of choice as is consistent with efficiency.
A well organized and well equipped training school is conducted in
connection with the normal school. All the eight grades are repre-
sented. The teaching force consists of a principal and three assistant
critic teachers. All have had the advantages of a normal school
training and a large experience in teaching. Besides this, two have
completed a course in Teachers' College, Columbia University. This
training school offers better opportunities to student teachers than any
school in the state. Prospective teachers do not realize how much of
their success depends upon this feature of their training. The valu-
able training received at Flagstaff is being generally recognized by
superintendents and school officers, and without further experience
than that received in their practice teaching members of the class of
'12 w T ere located in Bisbee, Tucson, Tombstone, Benson, Williams,
Flagstaff, Holbrook, Snowflake, Springerville and Eagar.
The summer school conducted by the Northern Arizona Normal
School is one of its distinguishing features. The sessions begin each
year between the 15th and the 20th of June. The attendance has
greatly increased the last two years. During the summer of 1912
there were enrolled between ninety and one hundred students. Two
purposes are kept in mind in planning the w r ork for the summer.
One is to help those who wish to prepare to take the examination and
the other to offer an opportunity to do work that may be claimed
for graduation. All work done in the summer school may be
claimed for graduation. But the purposes of the students differ. One
has the examination in mind, while another is anxious to finish the
course as soon as may be to get a diploma, and the school tries to
Many high school students take advantage of the summer session.
One who finishes the high school course in May or June may enter
at the opening of the summer school and complete the prescribed
course by Christmas of the following year ; two summer terms count-
ing the same as a half year. This arrangement has made it conveni-
ent to graduate two classes a year, one at the close of school in the
spring and one the week before Christmas. The class at Christmas
is known as the Midwinter Class. Regular graduating exercises are
conducted at both seasons. A large percentage of the midwinter class
finds work by the first of January. High school students should note
this. All lines of athletics flourish at the Northern Arizona Normal
and the teams from this school have won many notable victories
during the past few years in baseball, basketball and on the
Within the last three years over thirty thousand dollars have been
spent in improvements. Besides completing the unfinished space in
the main building, a dining hall has been built at a cost of over
twelve thousand dollars. It may be doubted whether there is a better
dining hall anywhere. It is the desire of the management to have
Northern Arizona Normal Athletes
the dining hall as homelike as it can be. For this reason it is pro-
vided with small tables, seating six each. This adds to the sociability
at meal time. The preceptress of the girls' hall and Dr. Blome and
his family always eat with the students. Dr. Blome and his family,
by the way, live in the boys' hall. In this way things are always
under the principal's direct supervision.
Any inquiry about the Northern Arizona Normal School sent to
Dr. R. H. H. Blome, Flagstaff, Arizona, will receive prompt at-
WHO S WHO
I N A R I Z O N A 305
The Tempe Normal School
THE TEMPE NORMAL SCHOOL OF ARIZONA was established by an
Act of the Legislative Assembly of Arizona, approved March 10,
1885. It is pleasantly located at Tempe, a town of 1600 inhabitants,
distant but nine miles from Phoenix, the capital of Arizona. The situ-
ation is an ideal one from every point of view. Lying at or near the
center of population of the state, Tempe is easily reached by rail over
the Arizona Eastern, which gives direct connection with the main
lines of the Southern Pacific and Santa Fe systems. The fertile fields
of the Salt River Valley surround the town, delighting the eye with
their perpetual verdure and insuring an unfailing supply of fresh
fruits and vegetables, and the best of dairy products. The climate
during the entire school year is not only delightful, but wholesome and
conducive to study.
The moral and social atmosphere is all that could be desired. The
residents of the community are thrifty and industrious Americans,
most of whom have come hither from the middle and eastern states.
These people are actively interested in the welfare of the Normal
School and pride themselves upon surrounding the students with
As the sale of liquor is prohibited in Tempe and the surrounding dis-
tricts the undesirable influence of the saloon is not to be met here, and
the absence of the distractions of a large city is a distinct advantage to
the student who wishes to make the most of his time and opportunities.
On arriving at the Normal, one finds the group of buildings well
distributed over a beautiful campus of twenty acres, within convenient
walking distance of the main business portion of the town. The
grounds are laid out with well kept lawns, gravelled drives, and an
abundance of shade trees, shrubs and flowering plants in great va-
riety. Abundance of water and the care of a skillful gardener make
the campus highly attractive throughout the year. Within the limits
of the grounds the student finds abundant provision for recreation in
the excellent tennis courts, basketball cages, and the ample athletic
field with its baseball diamond and running tracks.
In addition to the main campus an additional ten acres, adjoining
the former, was recently acquired for an experimental farm.
The faculty consists of more than twenty teachers, each a specialist
in his line. The graduates now number close to five hundred, most
of whom are engaged in teaching in this state. The enrollment for
the present year is three hundred and fifty students, representing al-
most every county and section of Arizona. In addition there are
registered close to one hundred and seventy-five boys and girls in the
eight grades of the training department.
The buildings are nine in number as follows: The Main Building,
Science Building, Auditorium and Gymnasium, Training School,
W H () S WHO
&CIENGEI1ALL $r OFFI&&
IX A R I / O X A
Principal's Residence, Heating Plant, Dining Hall, Ladies' Dormi-
tory, accommodating one hundred and twenty-five students, and Men's
Dormitory with rooms for thirty.
It is anticipated that the present session of the Legislature will pro-
vide for the construction of further dormitory accommodations for
young lady students and that two new dormitories on the cottage-unit
plan at a cost of $18,000 each will relieve the congested conditions
that now exists at the main dormitory.
It is fully expected, too, that the Legislature will appropriate at
least $90,000 to build and equip an Industrial Arts Building to house
the departments of Manual Training, Domestic Science, and Art, all
of which are at present poorly quartered, to the impairment of the
work and the utter disparagement of expansion. It is to this school
that the state must eventually look for the training of specialists as
teachers in Household Arts and Economy including sewing, cooking,
etc., and also in woodwork, shop work, forge work, metal work, and
clay modelling. And to this end the erection of the Industrial Arts
Building will largely contribute.
There are two regular courses of study leading to graduation for
the purpose of securing a diploma to teach in the schools of this state.
(a) A minimum course of five years for graduates from the eighth
grade of the public schools.
(b) A minimum course of two years for graduates from a four
years' high school course.
Students who do not desire to become teachers may pursue the
regular five year course, omitting all the professional work and special-
izing in Latin and Spanish, English, science or mathematics. Such
a course will require four years' work. Students completing such four
year course will be granted a certificate which can be used as a creden-
tial to admit them to a college or university, but they will not receive
a diploma entitling them to teach in the public schools. Students pur-
suing such regular courses will be exempt from payment of tuition.
Owing to the central location of Tempe, students at the Normal
are given the benefit of athletic contests with teams from Mesa,
Phoenix and Tempe High schools, the Indian school and other
teams from Phoenix and vicinity. The baseball teams and football
squads from the Normal have more than held their own with the
teams with which they have clashed, and their records are most grati-
fying to the student body and the alumni. The students have an
excellent athletic field, and their gymnasium is all that could be
Room and board in the dormitories is secured for $16.50 per month
of four weeks, which includes board, room, furniture, bedding, laun-
dry, baths, electric light, steam heat, running water, use of pianos, etc.
Further information desired may be had by addressing Prof. A. J.
Matthews, President, Tempe, Arizona.
WHO S WHO
O. C. Case, State Superintendent of Schools
IN ARIZONA 309
C. O. CASE, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, was born
in Rock Island County, Illinois. His father, Harrison Case, was a
Baptist minister, and had not accumulated any more of this world's
goods than is ordinarily the lot of men of this calling who preach from
conviction. As both his parents had died by the time he was eight
years old, Mr. Case has found life an uphill journey in reality, but
has valiantly surmounted each obstacle met with until he accomplished
what was his main object in early life, a thorough education. When
fitted for the work, he began teaching at an early age in order to se-
cure funds to further his object, and while thus engaged continued
his studies to aid him in advanced work. He is, therefore, well equip-
ped for his position, since his experience has been in all the phases of
school work, as grade and high school teacher, principal and superin-
tendent. He is well known throughout the state and has held vari-
ous positions of importance in educational work here, among which is
on the faculty of the Phoenix High School. He has also been a mem-
ber of the State Teachers' Association for years, and in this has held
all the offices and has been a leader in matters of real educational
worth. Mr. Case has done much to improve the course of study in
the state and by dint of his personal experiences in the work of teach-
ing has been able to render valuable aid to many in their chosen work.
Mr. Case is a progressive Democrat and has been a faithful party
worker so far as his educational duties would permit. He has also
been for some years a contributor to important magazines printed
in the West, among them "Sunset," "West Coast" and "Pacific
ARTHUR HERBERT WILDE, President of the University of Arizona,
was born at Framingham, Mass., April 29, 1865, and is the son of
Joseph and Susan French Wilde. His education was received in his
native State. He was graduated from Boston University with the
class of '87, then taught for two years, when he returned for ad-