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Chairman or Secretary. He is a member of the Elks and Knights of
Columbus, and during the past year has been Grand Knight of De
Silva Council. Mr. Brown was married October 28, 1904, to Miss
Alice Kumsden, at the Grand Canyon.

GEORGE BABBITT, member of the Board of Education of the
Northern Arizona Normal School, is a member of the firm of Babbitt
Brothers, Flagstaff. Mr. Babbitt has for years been an enthusiastic
worker in the general cause of education in the state and his efforts in
behalf of the advancement of the Normal School have been productive
of excellent results.

MRS. EVA MARIA MARSHALL, the present postmistress of Flag-
staff, which position she has held for three consecutive terms, is the

widow of James Marshall, one
of the best known and popular
men of the State. Mrs. Mar-
shall is a native of Madison
County, N. Y., a daughter of
Jacob and Adelia Fairbairne
Schuyler, and a direct descend-
ant of General Schuyler. Her
education was received at the
Yates Polytechnic School and
Cortland Academy, both in her
native State. She has been a
resident of Arizona since De-
cember, 1882, and was the first
teacher in the northern part of
the State, having taught near
where the Normal now stands
in a little log school house.
She has also been for years an
active member of the W. C. T.
U., and especially interested in
the betterment of civic condi-
tions. She is generally recog-
nized as one of the most public
spirited women in the State, and
it was she who held the first
temperance meeting in the
northern part of the State,

managed the first Fourth of July celebration in that section, and
assisted in organizing the first Literary Society.



C). N. CRESWELL, State Inspector of Weights and Measures, and
the first incumbent in this office, that has been created since the com-
ing of Statehood, was born near Knoxville, Term., on November 29th,
1852. His father William A. Creswell, and his mother, who was

formerly Miss Phoebe A. Bick-
nell, were both natives of Ten-
nessee. The family moved to
Texas in 1859, and it was there
that Mr. Creswell was reared
and received his education. His
early life was spent on a farm
which he left at his majority to
take up other pursuits, his first
venture being a political posi-
tion in the capacity of Deputy
Sheriff in Belton, Texas, which
position he held for five years.
He then removed to Albany,
Texas, and engaged in the mer-
cantile business, remaining there
until April, 1885. At that time
he disposed of his business and
removed to Arizona, arriving at
Payson, Arizona, about June,
1885, where he again engaged
in the mercantile business. Mr.
Creswell sold his business at
Payson, and in December, 1890, moved to Globe to accept the posi-
tion of Under Sheriff of Gila County, which position he held for six
years, and afterwards for two years he served as Clerk of the District
Court of Gila County. Both of these positions he filled in a very
creditable manner, receiving many commendations for the way he
conducted both of these offices. In 1900 he again turned his attention
to the mercantile business, and for ten years following was manager
of Alexander Bros', store at Ft. Thomas, and later manager of Morris
Simon's store at Bowie, until his appointment on June 3, 1912, by
Governor Geo. W. P. Hunt to his present position. Mr. Creswell
has always been a true Democrat, and also an active party worker,
being particularly prominent in the political affairs of Gila County
for a number of years. For eighteen years or more he has been a
close personal and business friend of Governor Hunt. The record
Mr. Creswell made for law enforcement in his positions in the
Sheriff's office and the success he has made as a practical business man
assures great success in the administration of the new department of
Weights and Measures. Mrs. Creswell was formerly Miss Cath-
arine J. Blair, a native of Iowa.



W. H. PLUNKETT, State Examiner, has resided in Arizona for the
past three years. He is a native of Missouri, and was educated at
Westminster College in that State. Having taken up accounting as
a profession, Mr. Plunkett has followed this line of work for fifteen

years, and from hard
study, close application,
and vast experience in
all the various classes of
industrial, corporate and
municipal enterprises and
public utilities has be-
come very proficient.
Since coming to Phoenix
Mr. Plunkett formed a
partnership with C. P.
Lee in the practice of
public accounting, and
the firm operates under
the name of Lee &
Plunkett. By rendering
good and efficient service
to their clients these gen-
tlemen have acquired a
large practice and their
offices are perhaps the
best equipped in the west
for handling accounting,
auditing, office organiza-
tion and systematizing
and installing accounting
systems. Upon the con-
vening of the first State
Legislature, Governor

Hunt appointed Mr. Plunkett a member of the Board of Special Ex-
aminers, whose duty it was to examine and report to him the general
condition of the various inst'tutions, offices and commissions of the
State. By joint resolution of the Legislature, Mr. Plunkett was em-
picyed to install an accounting system in each of the State institutions.
Upon the creation of the office of State Examiner, Governor Hunt
appointed him to the position, which was unanimously confirmed by
the Senate. This act became effective September 20th, and provides
for an uniform system of accounting in all county offices, and judging
from Mr. Plunkett's experience in governmental and municipal af-
fairs, it seems safe to predict that he will install a system which will
prove efficient, eliminating the unnecessary duplication of work and
ma!-ing the necessary work simple in operation.


The Arizona Tax Commission

THE TAX COMMISSION, is to the raising of revenue what
the Corporation Commission is to the matter of regulating corpora-
tions, and the creation of this Commission places Arizona greatly in
advance of many of the older and more completely organized States.
Here there will be throughout the State a practically uniform system
or levying and collecting taxes systematized and placed upon a busi-
ness-like foundation. So powerful is this body that it can subpoena
witnesses and punish for failure to answer the process; it can hail
county assessors before it and punish them for any infraction of the
orders of the Commission ; it can put aside the rulings of the County
Boards of Equalization and substitute others in their places; and it
can direct the Attorney General or County Attorneys to institute suit
for the collection of back taxes or unpaid penalties. All the forms
and blanks used by the individual assessors and collectors are pre-
scribed by the Tax Commission. Great as are the powers accorded
this body, the work laid out for it will equal, if not exceed, the metes
of its powers, as every incorporated town and city in the State must
be visited by the members of the Commission, in order that a compre-
hensive knowledge of tax values throughout the State may be ac-
qi'ired. In addition to which, the Commission is charged to investi-
gate all complaints of unjust taxation and to determine to what ex-
tent thp complaint is founded on fact. The law provides that all
assessors shall furnish annually to the Commission the tax rolls of
their respective counties, as a basis for their work. Before the filing
OT their preliminary report, the compiling of which will be a monu-
mental task, two years are allowed to elapse, and a biennial report
will be required thereafter with recommendations of changes which
seem necessary to the best interests of the State. The task of naming
the men who would compose the Commission was Governor Hunt's,
and since it necessitated the selection of three men exceptionally well
informed on the subject of taxation and state affairs in general, it
proved no easy one to him, but his selection has met with general ap-
proval. A little information of general interest regarding each of the
Commissioners follows :

C. M. ZANDER was chairman of the Tax Commission in May,
1912, and is chairman for the years 1913 and 1914. He is a native of
Wisconsin, having been born in Milwaukee in 1875. His grammar
school education was obtained in Minneapolis, Cairo and Bay City,
Michigan, and in Eastman, Wisconsin. He finished his schooling at
the Omaha High School, where he maintained himself by owning and
carrying circulation routes on the Omaha World Herald at the time
W. J. Bryan was editorial writer for it. He cast his first vote for

328 VV H O ' S W H O

Bryan in 1895 before coming to Arizona, and firmly believes he will
yet cast another and winning vote for his first choice. In December,
1896, Mr. Zander came to Phoenix. Almost upon his arrival he
formed a lasting friendship with the present Governor, Geo. W. P.
Hunt, then member of the Territorial Legislature, from Gila County.
For four years he had control of the circulation of the Arizona Re-
publican. In 1901 he became the first probate clerk of Maricopa
County, and upon the expiration of his term in that office he removed
to Buckeye, where he took an active part in the development of that
section. For four years, as secretary-treasurer and general manager
of the White Tank Canal Company, he was forced to bear the brunt
of one of the bitterest water wars ever \vaged in Arizona. The suc-
cessful outcome of that issue has brought Mr. Zander much deserved
commendation from the farmers of that section and the business men
of Phoenix. For several years he was deputy assessor of Maricopa
County, in which capacity he made the best possible use of the oppor-
tunities afforded him to study land values and methods of taxation.
He met with much opposition in his fight for fairness in taxation and
that experience w r ill prove a valuable aid in making decisions as mem-
ber of the Tax Commission. Mr. Zander has for some time been
associated with the Valley Realty and Trust Company, which connec-
tion he severed to become Tax Commissioner. In 1901 he was mar-
ried to Miss Clara Miller, daughter of the late Winchester Miller,
one of the noted pioneers of Tempe. After a happy married life of
six years, Mrs. Zander died suddenly, leaving her husband and two
small children to mourn her loss. Mr. Zander is of German extrac-
tion, but like all typical Americans, the blood of many nationalities
runs through his veins Dutch, German, French, English, Irish and
Scotch. He believes in standard breds rather than thorough breds.
He comes from fighting stock too, his family has been fully represented
in every war of the Republic since its foundation and in the French
and Indian wars of the Colonies. Likewise, his is a race of insurg-
ents, as his people engaged in conflict against the English in 1776 and
the South in 1861. In 1896 he thought it time for the North to get
a licking so he became a radical Democrat, thereby perpetuating the
traditions of his race. Ever since, he has been a strenuous advocate of
the rule of the people. In religion, Mr. Zander has very strong con-
victions, yet he holds to breadth and tolerance, and is more interested
in the principles that underlie the different sects of the Christian faith
than in the minor differences that separate them. He is a member of
the Grand Lodge Order Knights of Pythias. Commissioner Zander
is well esteemed for his sterling worth and his many friends prophesy
a period of great usefulness as a member of this powerful body.

CHARLES R. HOWE, member of the Tax Commission from Co-
chise County, is one of the practical assessors of the State. He is also




a native of Wisconsin, and was born at Darlington, May 8, 1871. At
the age of twelve he moved with his parents to South Dakota, where
they encountered many of the hardships incidental to life in a new
country. Here they remained eight years, when they moved to South-
ern California. In Los Angeles Mr. Howe attended the Los Angeles
Business College, and was graduated from three departments with
honor, being the only one out of a class of 200 who received diplomas
from two departments in the same year. Here also he met Miss
Maude L. Henderson, now Mrs. Howe, who was a classmate
of his. For four years Mr. Howe held position as Assistant
Secretary of the Merchants & Manufacturers' Association of Los
Angeles, which he resigned in 1901 to come to Arizona. He settled in
Cochise County, which is still his home, and took a position with one
of the large mining companies. He soon became interested in politics
and in 1905 was made Clerk of the Board of Supervisors of Cochise.
Two years later, when made assessor, he found the county with an
assessed valuation of less than $10,000,000, and an abnormally high
rate of taxation, and during the first year of his administration the
assessed valuation was more than doubled, the rate lowered, and the
income increased. It was about that time that Mr. Howe began
making a profound study of the tax matter and acquired knowledge
that proved very valuable and was largely used in the drafting of the
bill creating the Tax Commission, and which will undoubtedly be of
inestimable worth in determining matters that come before the Com-
mission. Mr. Howe has also served as Secretary pro tern, of the Fair
Commission and later of the Cattle Sanitary Board, which he re-
signed to devote his entire attention to his duties as Tax Commissioner.
He is well known and exceedingly popular, and belongs to the Elks,
Knights of Pythias and Fraternal Brotherhood.

P. J. MILLER, member Tax Commission During the hardships
through which the country went during the great civil war, to be
correct, on June 24, 1863, P. J. Miller, the third member of the
Arizona State Tax Commission, was born on his father's farm near
the little town of Durhamville, in Oneida County, in the Empire
State of New York. Two years after his birth the father died, the
farm was sold and the family moved to Buffalo, where he attended
the grammar and high schools and laid the foundation for the vast
amount of practicable information he now has at his command. Mr.
Miller went to Chicago at the age of 17, but in less than two years
thereafter, the call of the West being strong within him, he started
for Prescott, Arizona, where he arrived in the fall of 1883. He has
been a resident of Arizona practically ever since. His first
employment was secured with Superintendent Craig of the Do-
soris silver mine and his job was ore sorting. When the mine
shut down the young man took a job as storekeeper at Fort Whipple,


using there to good advantage his knowledge of the general merchan-
dise business gained in Buffalo and Chicago after leaving school. In
those stirring days at Fort Whipple promotion came to him early and
he was successively forage master, corral master and finally acting
superintendent of the depot, with thousands of dollars worth of
stores in his charge. This was during the Crook and Miles cam-
paigns against Chief Geronimo and his Apaches. After leaving the
service of the quartermaster's department of the army he went to
New York and was employed as a salesman for a short time. In
1896 he was happily married to Miss Alice M. Waldby, of Little
Falls, N. Y., but the lure of the West was again upon him and in
the fall of 1900 he settled on a homestead near the town of Yuma, in
the fertile Yuma valley. In his agricultural activities he soon became
a leading member of his community and assisted in building the
farmers' canals in that valley and ran the first water there for the
farmers. Shortly after this he assisted in the organization of the Yuma
County Water Users' Association and became its secretary, and as such
was an important factor in bringing the reclamation service to a thor-
ough knowledge of the needs and great possibilities of the valley so
that a government project was instituted there. He remained secretary
of the Water Users' Association until 1909, but in the meantime he
became interested in politics and was elected councilman of the town
of Yuma in 1906, and helped pass the first ordinance compelling the
laying of cement sidewalks, street improvements and sewers in the
thriving southern city. Soon after this he was appointed clerk of the
Board of Supervisors of Yuma County, in recognition of his services
to the Democratic party in the election of 1908 and held that position
until his appointment to the Tax Commission by Governor Hunt.
All his life Mr. Miller has been consistently a progressive man, affili-
ating with the Democratic party. He is a strong supporter of Gover-
nor Hunt's policy of running the business affairs of the State in a
businesslike way. A man of varied experience and broad knowledge,
with an acquaintance of land values in Arizona probably not equaled
by any member of the commission of which he is a part, Mr. Miller is
a material addition to the strong personnel of the Commission.

W. T. WEBB, one of the first Presidential Electors from Arizona, is
the son of Gilbert and Almira Taft Webb, of Salt Lake City, where
he was born in 1865, and educated in the public schools and Univers-
ity. He first came to Arizona in January, 1881, and located at Tomb-
stone, where he remained about one year, and moving from there to
Graham County, became associated with his father in business. In
1887 this business was disposed of and he turned his attention to stock
business, in which he was engaged for four years, when he returned to
commercial life, this time as an independent venture and on a small
scale, but from the first his methods were such as to commend him to



W. T. Webb

the public, and his business has gradually increased until he is now
considered one of the leading business men of the state. He is presi-
dent of the Webb-Merrill Commercial Company of Pima, director of
the Bank of Safford, ow r ner of the Seventy-Six cattle ranch in the
Graham Mountains, and interested in various other enterprises in that
section. Mr. Webb has long taken a prominent part in the political
life of Arizona, is one of the local leaders of the Democratic party, and
it is fitting that he should have had the honor of casting for the people
of the state one of their first votes for President of the United States.
He was a member of the Twenty-Second Legislature, receiving all
the votes but two in the Pima precinct ; was re-elected to the Twenty-
Third Legislature, and was the only man in that body who was elected
to succeed himself. In all he has represented Graham County three
times in the Legislature, and w r as Speaker of the House in the Twenty-
Third Legislature. He has also served two terms as Mayor of Pima
with excellent results to the city. As a member of the Constitutional
Convention he was known as a progressive, when in connection with
the ablest men of that assembly, he took a leading part in the compila-



tion of the Constitution. During the state campaign he was identified
with the progressive Democracy. Mr. Webb was married in 1887 to
Miss Sarah Burns, daughter of Enoch and Elizabeth Burns, of Pima.

WILEY E. JONES, attorney at law, a native of Sangamon County,
Illinois, has been a resident of Arizona for twenty years, and is one of
the most widely known men in the entire state. He is the son of
Joshua W. and Polly A. Wills Jones, both of whom are natives of

Kentucky and were born in
the same county as Abraham
Lincoln. Mr. Jones received
his education in Illinois and
studied law for four years
with General John M. Palm-
er. He was admitted to prac-
tice with high honors by the
Supreme Court of the State of
Illinois, where he followed his
profession for some years. For
two terms he represented his
native county in the Legisla-
ture, and in 1889 was the
Democratic nominee for
Speaker of the" House. Dur-
ing the same session he made
the speech placing in nomina-
tion General Palmer for U. S.
Senator. For ten years Mr.
Jones was District Attorney

of Graham County. In 1898

he was appointed 1st Lieuten-
ant in Company A, of the Rough Riders, but his duties as District
Attorney compelled him to temporarily decline the appointment.
Shortly after, however, upon the adjournment of the Graham County
Court, he enlisted as 1st Lieutenant of the 1st Territorial Volunteer
Infantry, served for seven and one-half months, and was mustered out
at Albany, Ga. Although Mr. Jones has had no collegiate education,
and beyond a brief term in the high school at Springfield, 111., his
knowledge has come from his own struggle on the Illinois farm and
the district school, he is widely known in this state as one of the lead-
ing campaigners on the stump. He is a Past Sachem of the Improved
Order of Red Men of Arizona jurisdiction and for four years served
as Great Representative to the Great Council of the United States. He
has long been a member of the I. O. O. F. and Knights of Pythias.
At the recent election he was elected by a large majority, one of
Arizona's three Presidential Electors on the Democratic ticket.

334 W H O ' S W H O

The Arizona Land Commission

(By Mulford Winsor, Chairman Land Commission)

By the terms of the Enabling; Act, under which Arizona was admit-
ted to the Union, the new state has the right to select from the unap-
propriated, non-mineral public lands, for the benefit of her various
institutions, two million three hundred and fifty thousand acres, in
addition to which four sections in each township 2, 16, 32 and 36
are set aside for the benefit of the public schools. Since the area of
the state is 1 13,000 square miles, it may be seen that the public schools
of Arizona will receive the benefit of about eight million acres of
land, while the total acreage of state lands for all purposes is brought
to nearly ten and a half millions. Is it strange that the state should
look well to the conservation of this princely inheritance?

These lands are valuable for many purposes timber, grazing, agri-
culture, etc. but chief among them is agriculture. Immense as is
Arizona's mineral wealth, and much greater as it will grow, it is des-
tined that the state's fame, in years to come, will be based upon its
extensive and varied agriculture. The valleys and mesas of this great
inland empire, marked by every degree of climate from temperate to
tropical, are rich beyond compare, lacking only water to make them
add to the world's production of food stuffs. And there are many
ways of developing water by means of storage reservoirs, for the im-
pounding of the floods which annually wash the mountain sides and
fill the intervening canyons; by means of dams to divert the streams of
the valleys from their channels ; by means of artesian wells, and in
other ways. Only a few of the opportunities afforded by nature for
the watering of Arizona's hitherto waste places have as yet been
taken advantage of, therefore a very small percentage of the land has
been cultivated.

It is now the state's business, having accepted these millions of
acres, to select them. Then it is the state's business to so administer
this great wealth as to bring the greatest good to the greatest number.

It is in this spirit that the new state has approached the subject. In
the absence of definite information as to the lands to be selected, or of
the uses to which they and the school sections may be put, the first
state legislature deemed it wise to postpone the establishment of a
definite and permanent plan for their handling, control and disposi-
tion, and to appoint a State Land Commission, of three members,
whose duty it is to make personal examination of the public lands of
the state, select the most valuable in satisfaction of the grants for
institutions, investigate the school sections, and secure all information
concerning their desirability and adaptability, and to make report to




the governor and legislature, setting forth a complete and detailed
plan of handling all of these lands. The commission consists of
Mulford Winsor of Yuma, chairman ; Cy Byrne of Pinedale, a practi-
cal forester, and William A. Moody of Thatcher, a man of wide
experience in land matters. The chief clerk of the board is E. J.
Trippel, w r ho was for a number of years registrar of the United States
Land Office for Arizona. . The commission has a full realization of
its great responsibility, and hopes to discharge it in creditable manner.
The Arizona Land Commission is not only gathering, for the bene-

Online LibraryJo ConnersWho's who in Arizona .. → online text (page 23 of 58)