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the date of a still more important event, for it was here and then that
General Miles made an address before the Arizona Pioneer Society
declaring it was the duty of the Federal Government to reclaim its
arid region to agriculture. This was the first public utterance on
this question, and with the permission of the General, Mr. Hughes
called the attention of the editor of the North American Review to
the address, asked to have it published, and it appeared in the issue of
March, 1890, under the title, "Our Unwatered Empire." This
w y as the first publication on the subject of government reclamation in
the United States, so declared by Senator Newlands in Congress
twelve years thereafter, upon the eve of the passage of National Irri-
gation Law. This w T as the second important step achieved by Ari-
zona State builders. After the removal of the Apaches, the titles to
vast areas of land in Arizona, claimed under Spanish and Mexican
land grants, was a menace to the settlement of the Territory. Mr.
Hughes had already secured the introduction of a bill in Congress,
creating a Federal land court, its purpose being the determining of
these titles. Single handed for several years he made the issue for
the creation of this court, while the entire legal fraternity, the press
(excepting the Star), together with the Arizona delegate in Congress,
opposed the measure ; but the court was created, organized and in less
than ten years returned to the government over 12,000,000 acres in
Arizona alone, claimed under Spanish and Mexican titles. This
land embraces the finest agricultural districts of every valley of South-
ern Arizona. This was the third most important step of the State
builders. The building of homes, promoting permanent settlement
throughout Arizona, found practical and successful encouragement in
the Star advocacy of establishing Building and Loan Associations, the

362 \V H O ' S WHO

first of which was organized in Tucson in 1887. Mr. Hughes made
a successful ten years' contest against public gambling, and had a hill
/or its suppression passed through the lower house of Congress. Its
enactment was urged by President Roosevelt and recommended for
passage by the Senate Committee on Territories. But he had action
suspended on the bill for sixty days to give the Legislatures of Arizona
and New Mexico an opportunity to enact a Territorial law, which
they did, thus banishing public gambling from those Territories.
This was the fourth conquest for the State builders. The Star waged
war against the saloon traffic and advocated woman suffrage for
thirty years as an aid in this and kindred reforms in building the State.
It was on the firing line of many political reforms, including the initia-
tive, referendum and recall, primary elections, etc., and always against
capital punishment. It urged with vigor the establishment of
schools, churches, fraternal societies, providing firm foundation for
community life, and was emphatic for the reading of the Bible in the
public schools and other public educational institutions, as well as the
enactment of laws requiring the teaching of the Spanish language in
the public schools as an important link of union with the Spanish-
American Republics and opening a wide field of professional and com-
mercial business for Spanish-speaking Americans. Mr. Hughes was
governor of the Territory from April 1st, 1893, to April 1st, 1896.
His administration was signalized by economy and retrenchment in
the public service, by eliminating all unnecessary employes. When
he came into office the Territorial treasury was facing a deficit of
more than $50,000. In 1893 the deficit was reduced to less than
$3,300; in 1894 there was nearly $6,000 in the treasury, and at the
close of 1895 the Territorial indebtedness had been reduced $50,-
485.76 the first decrease in the indebtedness for fifteen years. And
this result with no increase of taxation. Upon his recommendation
a non-partisan Board of Control was created, composed of the Gov-
ernor, the Auditor and a citizen member of the opposite political
party, none but the citizen member receiving compensation for ser-
vices. This law abolished the Boards of Commissioners of Prison,
Insane Asylum, Reform School and Railroad making a saving of
more than $25,000 in salaries and mileage, as the records show. The
cost per capita for administering the Territorial Prison and Insane
Asylum was reduced 23 per cent, and reduction in maintenance was
noticeable in all institutions. The annual cost of maintaining the
Territorial administration under Governor Hughes was less than
$200,000, and for the three years it did not reach a total of $600,000,
notwithstanding that, during those three years, there were erected the
Normal School buildings at Flagstaff and Tempe, University dormi-
tory at Tucson, and over $30,000 expended in improvements on the
Insane Asylum and Prison buildings more public buildings erected
than under any previous administration. The parole law was en-
acted and put into successful operation by him; and of the many pris-

[ X ,\ R I Z O X A 363

oners who enjoyed its benefits, but one violated his parole. Convicts
whenever paroled were required to work. Governor Hughes' maxim
was that savages could not be civilized, nor criminals reformed, with-
out labor. His prison policy aided much in the large reduction re-
ferred to in prison maintenance. The Governor's three annual reports
to the Secretary of the Interior and Congress proved of great public
value, as they contained much data on climate and wealth resources
of the Territory, the Indians and their needs, and moral and pro-
gressive character and interests of its diversified population. The
information furnished therein was the subject of much favorable
comment in the press of the country. There were 5,000 copies of the
1893 and 1894 reports published, and so great was the demand for
these that of the report of 1895, containing 119 pages, 17,500 copies
were issued by the government and distributed. It scarcely need be
added that these proved a valuable advertising medium for the Terri-
tory. The Federal law calling for these reports requires the Gov-
ernor to give the general conditions and make recommendations as to
Congressional legislation for the Territory, which opened a wide
field that was taken advantage of by the Governor, the press com-
ment being that more information had been published in these reports,
and recommendations which were crystalized into law, than by all the
governors who had preceded him. Recommendations were made for
appropriation for irrigation of lands of the Indian reservations; set-
ting apart for allotment lands for Indians wishing to take them in sev-
eralty, especially the Papago, Maricopa, Pima and the Yuma tribes;
increasing Indian industrial schools, educating and training Arizona
Indian children in the Territory, for the conservation of their health
and to enable them to learn local industrial pursuits ; transferring
trial of Indians from Territorial to United States courts, and secur-
ing appropriations to meet the expenses of such trials had, and jail
and penitentiary costs of Indian convicts; for creating forest reserva-
tions at headwaters of Arizona streams and water supply ; and for
setting apart the "Petrified Forest" as a national park. The Gov-
ernor also urged and finally secured the passage of a Congressional
act authorizing the Territory to lease school lands, and placing the
proceeds thereof in the public school funds. This law has been and
is a source of large and increasing revenue to the schools of the State.
He also encouraged the location of a National School of Science near
the Grand Canyon, that cluster of natural phenomena. He urged
many needed reforms, especially the suppression of the liquor traffic,
which was shown to be the greatest bane to the Indians the initial
cause of our Apache wars, the cause of over 65 per cent of Territorial
taxation, as well as the many other accompanying evils. He urged
upon Congress its duty to Arizona to suppress this traffic. All of
these recommendations went before the country, commended or con-
demned by the press, thus creating public opinion, mostly favoring
these appeals. During his term as Chancellor of the University that


institution rapidly increased its number of students, especially from
residents throughout the Territory. An important factor in that
growth was the aiding of those lacking the financial resources for
securing the benefits of the University, by employing them in various
departments as assistants, and allowing compensation for their ser-
vices. The average number of these assistants is twenty-five, most
of whom rank well as students and graduates. This is but one of
the various improved conditions inaugurated during this period. In
1868 Mr. Hughes married Josephine Brawley, of Meadville, Penn-
sylvania, daughter of John R. Brawley, a western Pennsylvania
farmer of large political connections and influence. In all oi his
labors, struggles and achievements, Mrs. Hughes entered into the
fullest partnership, and proved equal to every emergency developing
the characteristics and qualities of a noble heroine. They have two
living children a daughter, Mrs. Gertrude Woodward, and State
Senator John T. Hughes, who reflect honor upon their parents. It is
but just that Governor Hughes and family are titled "Arizona's State
Builders," to which they have given more than forty years of service,
facing through it all the most strenuous opposition of evil forces,
which they met with that fearlessness born of the secret powers
within. Now, at the sunset of life, they realize that their faithful
service has already borne much fruit, which will yield a thou^and-
fold to the citizenship yet unborn of the (to be) great, the good, the
grand Commonwealth of Arizona, out of which will issue not only
millions of material wealth, but a people whose characters will be
lustrous as statesmen, poets, philosophers, prophets and altruists in the
broadest sense of the terms.

LEWIS T. CARPENTER, Assistant Attorney General of the State of
Arizona, is a native of Tennessee, although he was raised in the
great State of Texas, and is, in fact, a Texan. He received his
academic education at Trinity University and studied law in the
University of Texas; was admitted to the bar at Corsicana, Texas,
at the age of twenty-two and was, during the same year, elected to
the office of County Attorney of that county. At the close of his
term of office he removed to Dallas, Texas, and engaged in the prac-
tice of law there until the time of his removal to Arizona. Mr. Car-
penter's arrival in Arizona and his entrance into Arizona politics
were identical as at the time he arrived in the city of Phoenix with
his family from Texas, the campaign for statehood was on and with-
in two or three days after the date of his arrival he was on the
stump for the Democratic ticket and continued to work faithfully
until the close of the campaign ; the Democrats carried the state and
Mr. Carpenter was accredited as one of those who had been of
great assistance in bringing about this result. He was soon after-
wards appointed Assistant Attorney General, which position he has



Lewis T. Carpenter


held since the entrance of Arizona as a state. He is a member of
the firm of Bullard <$: Carpenter, one of the leading firms of the
state. Mr. Carpenter's family consists of his wife and three chil-
dren. He is connected with some of the prominent financial insti-
tutions of the state and believes in boosting; Arizona at all times and
has great faith in its future from a political and material standpoint.
He has, in the office of the Attorney General, achieved an enviable
reputation as a lawyer and is one of the most popular members of
the Arizona bar.

JOHX T. HUGHES, Senator from Pima County, was born in
Tucson in 1874, and is the son of L. C. and Josephine B. Hughes,
two pioneer State builders. At the age of six, with his sister Ger-
trude, he was sent to Snell's School, Oakland, California, and two
years afterward was entered in Beck's Family School for Boys, a
Moravian institution, Lititz, Pennsylvania, where he remained four
years. He next attended Freehold Academy in New Jersey, from
which he was graduated, and then took up the study of law in the
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. After admission to prac-
tice he went to Chicago and engaged in his profession for two years,
then was urged to come to Tucson and take a course in newspaper and
journalistic experience, which he did with the "Star," in which he
was financially interested. His first taste of politcal life was as Page
of the First Constitutional Convention in 1891. He was then pri-
vate secretary to his father, during part of his administration as Terri-
torial Governor, and later Superintendent of Schools for Pima
County. In 1894, with his mother, Territorial President of the
Suffrage forces in Arizona, and a warm personal friend of Aunt Susan
B. Anthony, he attended the National Suffrage Convention at Wash-
ington, D. C. Miss Anthony, observing John enter the hall with his
mother, captured and took him to the platform and introduced him to
the vast audience as the son of Governor and Mrs. L. C. Hughes, life
champions of Equal Rights, and John a native son of Arizona, w r hom
she then dedicated the "Suffrage Knight of Arizona," predicting his
sterling loyalty to the faith of father and mother. Senator Hughes
has well fulfilled this prediction in his advocacy on the platform, in
the press and all public places. He introduced the resolution in the
First State Senate proposing a constitutional amendment enfranchising
Arizona's womanhood. The issue then came before the people
through the initiative, which resulted in the adoption of the Consti-
tutional Amendment by a large majority, his home county, the storm
center of the fight, having voted two to one for the amendment.
Politically Mr. Hughes is a Democrat and entered political life in
western Pennsylvania in Bryan's first campaign, during which he or-
ganized Democratic clubs and made over one hundred speeches. He
is a member of the Pima County Central Committee, and of the State



John T. Hughes


Central and Executive Committees. At the first State election he
was elected Senator from Pima Count}', in which capacity he wielded
a marked influence. He has given much study to governmental
affairs, and is well acquainted with public men and measures. Sen-
ator Hughes has served as Chairman of the Committee on Suffrage
and Elections, and Printing and Clerks; and as member of the Ju-
diciary, Appropriations, Constitutional Amendments and Municipal
Corporations committees. During the first and second sessions he
introduced and put through many bills, all of which are conceded to
be of advantage to the State, one of which is the State Weights and
Measures ordinance, which he urged as a just and equitable measure,
to prevent the short weighing of goods and merchandise. Among
others of importance was a resolution ratifying the income tax amend-
ment to the Constitution of the United States, and Arizona was the
twenty-ninth State to ratify the amendment. Also the following

r .

Acts: Providing for the taxation of gifts, legacies and inheritances;
an obligatory indeterminate sentence law, with parole principle ; pro-
viding for the publicity of campaign expenses before and after the
primary and election ; providing for an endowment of three hundred
thousand acres of land for the College of Agriculture and the School
of Mines for the University of Arizona; a comprehensive primary
election law; providing severe penalties for tampering with switch
lights on railroads. This much, and more, stands to his credit for
the first session. During the next session he introduced and had
passed, among other important laws: An act providing for the con-
struction and maintenance of municipal slaughter houses in cities of
three thousand or more population, where all animals are to be in-
spected before killing, and slaughter houses to be maintained under
sanitary conditions; an act permitting the sale of lands to the Car-
negie Desert Laboratory ; an act authorizing the removal of the State
Industrial School from Benson to the Fort Grant Military Reserva-
tion ; an act authorizing incorporated cities to issue bonds for the
purpose of constructing sanitary sewers ; an act to provide punish-
ment for contempt of court; an act relating to the reorganization of
the Arizona Pioneers' Home; an appropriation for the benefit of the
Arizona Historical Society; a bill providing for an appropriation of
$150,000 for an agricultural building for the University of Arizona,
and appropriations for agricultural education and experimental work.
These items were placed in the general appropriation bill and passed.
Acts authorizing the working of convicts on public roads, highways and
bridges, and a bill authorizing the purchase of a prison farm. He also
introduced the following bills, which were passed by the Senate, but
defeated in the House: Providing that all State, County and City
printing should be done within the State ; providing for the working
eight hours a day for the prisoners in County and City jails on the
roads, streets and parks; making it a felony to practice third degree
on persons charged with crime; permitting the probating of wills dur-



ing the lifetime of the testator; submitting to a vote of the people an
amendment to the present miners' lien law; prohibiting the sale of
cigarettes, cigars and tobacco to minors under eighteen years of age ;
creating the office of Public Defender in the various counties of the
State; creating Bureau of Legislative Research. He also introduced
a joint memorial to Congress urging the granting of independence to
the Philippines, and a resolution for a constitutional amendment abol-
ishing capital punishment. It will be observed from the character of
the foregoing bills, that Senator Hughes works entirely on con-
structive and reformatory lines. He is a citizen of much civic pride;
has taken an active interest in the educational, moral and material
welfare for many years of the Territory of Arizona, and now of the
Commonwealth. His pride as a native son of Arizona excites his
highest ambition for the present and future of his State. He believes
that its future bids fair to outstrip all the States of the Union, in
material prosperity and in the high and progressive character of its
citizenship. As a mark of appreciation of his public service, he was
unanimously elected honorary member of the Society of Arizona Pi-
oneers, being the first native-born citizen thus honored.

ALBINUS A. WORSLEY, Senator from Pima County, and attorney-
at-law, is known as the "Champion of Labor and Labor Legislation,"
by the workingmen of Arizona, of whom he has always been a friend.
When one of the unions anywhere in the State becomes involved in a
law suit, Colonel Worsley is almost invariably called into consulta-
tion. He has been uniformly successful in the practice of his pro-
fession, and especially in cases where he represented labor, his policy
being never to take a case into court if the grounds do not justify such
action. There is not a man in the State who has more friends than
Senator Worsley among the men forming the industrial army, whose
esteem he has completely won. Senator Worsley was born in Racine
County, Wisconsin, June 24, 1869. He is the son of Thomas G.
Worsley, a direct descendant of Oliver Cromwell, who came from
Lancashire, England, at the age of sixteen, and became a pioneer
farmer of Wisconsin. Maria Shields, his mother, came from Queens
County, Ireland, at the age of seven years. Senator Worsley was
graduated from the Northern Indiana Law School in 1900, and was
admitted to the bar of that State the same year. The next year he
took a post-graduate course in the Chicago College of Law, was
admitted to the bar in Illinois, and the following year went to
Nebraska, was admitted to practice and followed his profession there
until his coming to Arizona in 1904. He located in Tucson, which
has since been his home. At the age of twenty-four Mr. Worsley
was candidate on the Labor and Populist ticket for Governor of Wis-
consin, while at the early age of nineteen he made a tour through the
eastern States for the Chicago Single Tax Club, and even at that time



was widely known as an orator. He helped organize the first Direct
Legislation League in the United States, in St. Louis, in 1891.', and
has ever since been one of its national organizers. At various times he
has campaigned the States of Ohio, Illinois, Wisconsin, South Dakota
and Nebraska, for such men as "Golden Rule" Jones, Pettigrew and
Governor Altgeld, when the latter made his successful run for that
office in Illinois. Mr. Worsley is author of "Corporation Rates in
the National Corn Crib," which was published in 1896, and "The
First Step in the National Progress, or Direct Legislation," which
was published in 1899. Since boyhood Senator Worsley has been an

Albinus A. Worsley

advocate of the cause of labor, and to it he devotes particular effort in
the Senate. He is Chairman of the Labor Commitee, and member
of the Code, Finance, Judiciary, Public Lands, Rules and Style,
Revision and Compilation Committees. In 1904 he was married to
Miss Alice J. Major, also a native of Wisconsin. They have three
children, Henry George Worsley, Paul Robert and Dorcas Maria.
Mrs. Worsley comes from a family of scholars and educators. For
several years prior to her marriage she was one of the principal
teachers of the Northern Indiana Normal School, at Valparaiso, the
largest school of its kind in the United States.



Harry Johnson

HARRY JOHNSON, Representative from Maricopa Count}', was
born in Atlanta, Georgia, October 3, 1882, and spent most of his
boyhood days on a plantation in North Georgia. He was partially
educated in Tennessee, and taught school for one year in Alabama.
He then entered Cumberland University, and while a student there
took an active part in athletics and was member of both the football
and baseball teams. He was also President of the Law Society, as
high an honor as a student can attain to in the Law School, and
member of the Kappa Sigma Fraternity. Having been graduated
from the University he took the examination and was admitted to
practice before the Supreme Court of Tennessee. He then established
a practice in Chattanooga, w T here he remained until his coming t


Arizona, six years ago. Since his arrival in this State, in addition to
the practice of his profession, he has been actively interested in politics
and has made many friends, as shown by the returns when he was a
candidate for the Legislature. At the primary his name w T as last in
alphabetical order in a list of nine, and he advanced from ninth to
second place. Mr. Johnson has the distinction of having made the
first speech on the floor of the House in the First State Legislature,
when, at the fall of the gavel, he secured the floor and placed in nom-
ination for temporary speaker Andrew R. Lynch of Graham County.
In the first session of the Legislature Mr. Johnson introduced a bill
that exempts the producer of anything in Arizona from paying a
license for the sale thereof in the State, which is now a law. In the
special session Mr. Johnson served as Chairman of the Committee on
Constitutional Amendments and Referendum, and as member of the
following committees: Judiciary, Corporation, Militia and Public
Defense, and Code Revision.

HARTWELL HENDERSON LINNEY, Speaker of the House in the
Special Session of the First State Legislature, is a native of Danville,
Ky. He was graduated in 1902 from Centre College, Danville, and
later from the Law Department of the Central University of Ken-
tucky, was admitted to the bar in that state and has also been admit-
ted to practice before the Supreme Court of Arizona. Mr. Linney is
one of the ablest of the younger lawyers of the state and is engaged
in general practice at Prescott. His acquaintance and practice
throughout the state are both extensive, he has a strong, attractive
personality and keen legal ability, and has established a splendid
reputation for uprightness and integrity. He is vice president of the
Northern Arizona Bar Association, is a progressive Democrat, be-
lieving in good laws and good government, and in purity of politics.

Online LibraryJo ConnersWho's who in Arizona .. → online text (page 26 of 58)