Jo. Jac. Griesbach.

The New Testament, or rather The new covenant online

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THE JAMES K. MOFFITT FUND.



LIBRARY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA.



GIFT OF

JAMES KENNEDY MOFFITT

OF THE CLASS OF '86.



Accession No.



Class




/

THE



NEW TESTAMENT,



OR RATHER THE



NEW COVENANT,

TRANSLATED

FROM GRIESBACH'S TEXT,



BY

SAMUEL SHARP E,

AUTHOU 0? ' ; THE HISTORY OF EGYPT."

\ B R A R X
FOURTEENTH THOUSAND.



WILLIAMS AND NORGATE,

14, HENRIETTA STREET, COVENT GARDEN, LONDON;
AND 20, SOUTH FREDERICK STREET, EDINBURGH.

1881.



NOTICES OF THE PRESS FOR THE FOURTH



"We have found not a few places in which we prefer the render-
ings here given to those of the old version." The Patriot.

" We confess to a great liking for this book, and have adopted it
for domestic service since it came into our possession." Wetleyan
Times.

"We are not surprised that Mr. Sharpe's New Testament has
reached a fourth edition. Apart from its text and version, its
arrangement in paragraphs, the marking of poetical passages and
quotations, and its very convenient size and shape, are sufficient to
secure for it a sale." Baptist Magazine.

"We greatly admire the book, for which we anticipate a most
extensive circulation. The par^J^|p^|^ ind the quoting, as well
as the italic, greatly enhance the value of the book." British
Standard.

"The reading of this volume will prove very suggestive, by
frequently turning the mind from the conventional channel of the
authorized version." Critic.

" In many things, however, this is the best attempt at an im-
proved translation of the New Testament into English that has yet
been made." Nonconformist.



FOR THE FIFTH EDITION.



" Mr. Sharpe is, we believe, of Unitarian sentiments, but a care-
ful examination of the work will show that his personal views have
in no wise disqualified him for the duties of an impartial and
faithful translator." British Controversialist.

"Upon the whole we must admit that his is the most correct
English version in existence, either of the whole or of any portion
of the New Testament." Ecclesiastic, and quoted with approval by
the English Churchman.



X)



THE critical labours of Griesbach, In examining the age and value
of the manuscripts, and in settling the Greek Text of the New
Testament, are too well known to need any remark. His text, in
the edition dated Leipsic, 1805, is the standard to which most
scholars appeal.

In rendering this into English, the translator has made use of
such commentaries and helps as were within his reach, and he
lays no claim to anything new or peculiar. He has made no
change for changing's sake, being well aware of how much every
new word grates upon the ear that is accustomed to the beautiful
simplicity of the Authorised Version. His aim has been to give
the meaning and idiom of the corrected Greek text as far as
possible in the well-known words ; and to lay before the English
reader those fruits of the labours of our numerous biblical critics,
which are already well known, to the learned. The Philology of
the critics, writes Matthew' Henry in his Commentary, hath been
of much more advantage to religion, and lent more light to sacred
truth than the philosophy of the school divines. Some readers may
perhaps wish that the changes had been fewer ; but no translation
while new, however few and necessary the changes, even if far
more free from fault than the present, could ever make its way
into general use, or get read by any but students ; and the trans-
lator hopes that by such readers the loss of the old words will be
forgiven for the chance of gaming a more faithful knowledge of
the original.

8th March, 1840.

In this Seventh edition, as in each of the former, the translator
has taken advantage of numerous friendly criticisms, and of
further study, to correct faults which had before escaped him.

Highbury Place.
1 Jan., 1881.

NOTE. The speeches are marked by inverted commas, and the quo-
tations are in Italics. Other passages which seem to bs poetry are in a
smaller type,

109284



OKDEK OF THE BOOKS.



Matthew . . . . Page


1


I Timothy . . . . Page


334


Mark


65


II Timothy


339


Luke


90


Titus ..*


344


John


149


Philemon


346


The Acts


192


Hebrews


347


Romans . . . . 4i .


248


James


363


I Corinthians . .


269


I Peter


368


II Corinthians


290


II Peter


373


Galatians


304


I John


377


JEphesians . .


311


II John


383


Philippians
Colossians . .


318
323


Ill John

Judas


383
384


I Thessalonians


327


Revelation


386


II Thessalonians


332







WORKS BY THE TRANSLATOR.

THE HOLY BIBLE TRANSLATED, BEING A EE VISION OF THE

AUTHORISED ENGLISH VERSION.
THE HISTORY OF THE HEBREW NATION AND ITS LITERATURE. Third

Edition.

SHORT NOTES, to accompany a Revised Translation of the Hebrew Scriptures.
THE BOOK OF ISAIAH, arranged chronologically, with Historical Notes.
THE JOURNEYS AND EPISTLES OF THE APOSTLE PAUL. Third Edition,

enlarged.
CRITICAL NOTES on the Authorised English Version of the New Testament.

Second Edition.

TEXTS FROM THE HOLY BIBLE explained by the help of the Ancient Monu-
ments. Second Edition.
THE CHRONOLOGY OF THE BIBLE.
ALEXANDRIAN CHRONOLOGY, from the building of the City till its conquest

by the Arabs, A.D. 640.
EGYPTIAN MYTHOLOGY AND EGYPTIAN CHRISTIANITY, with their

influence on the opinions of Modern Christendom.
EGYPTIAN HIEROGLYPHICS, being an attempt to explain their nature, origin,

and meaning ; with a VOCABULARY.
THE DECREE OF CANOPUS in Hieroglyphics and Greek, with Translations, and

an examination of the Hieroglyphic^ characters.
THE ROSETTA STONE in Hieroglyphics and Greek, with Translations, and an

explanation of the Hieroglyphical Characters; and an Appendix of Kings'

Names.

EGYPTIAN ANTIQUITIES IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM described.
EGYPTIAN INSCRIPTIONS from the British Museum and other sources. 210

plates folio.
THE HISTORY OF EGYPT from the earliest times to the conquest by the Arabs,

A.D. 640. Sixth Edition.

A SHORT HEBREW GRAMMAR without Points.
Till: BOOK OF GENESIS, Chap, i xviii. and xx.-xxv. 10, in Hebrew without

Points : the Proper names begin with a large letter; the Sentences are divided

by Punctuation ; and the Prefixes and Suffixes are detached.
HEBREW INSCRIPTIONS from the Valleys between Egypt and MOUNT SINAI,

in their original characters, with Translations and an Alphabet. Parts I.

and II.

AN INQUIRY INTO THE AGE OF THE MOABITE STONE.



THE NEW COVENANT.



THE GOOD TIDINGS ACCORDING TO MATTHEW.

J_ HE BOOK OF THE BIRTH of Jesus Christ, the son of
David, the son of Abraham.

Abraham begat Isaac ;
and Isaac begat Jacob ;
and Jacob begat Judah and his brethren ;
and Judah begat Pharez and Zarah by his wife Tharnar;
and Pharez begat Esrom ;
and Esrom begat Aram ;
and Aram begat Aminaclab ;
and A minadab begat Naasson ;
and Naasson begat Salmon ;
and Salmon begat Booz by his wife Racliab ;
and Booz begat Obed by his wife Ruth ;
and Obed begat Jesse ;
and Jesse begat David the king ;

and David the king begat Solomon by the wife of Uriah;
and Solomon begat Roboam ;
and Roboam begat Abia ;
and Abia begat Asa ;
and Asa begat Josaphafc ;
and Josaphat begat Joram ;
and Joram begat Oziah ;
and Oziah begat Joatham ;
and Joatham begat Achaz ;
and Achaz begat Ezekiah ;
and Ezekiah begat Manasseh ;
and Manasseh begat Amon ;
and A moil begat Josiah ;

and Josiah begat Jechoniah and his brethren, at the
time of the carrying away to Babylon ; and after the
carrying away to Babylon,
Jechoniah begat Salathiel ;
and Salathiel begat Zorobabel ;
and Zorobabel begat Abiud j
and Abiud begat Eliakim ;
and Eliakim begat Azor ;
and Azor begat Sadoc ;
and Sadoc begat Achiin ;

B



2 THE GOOD TIDINGS [l. II.

and Achim begat Eliud ;

and Eliud begat Eleazar ; ia

and Eleazar begat Matthan ;
and Matthan begat Jacob ;

and Jacob begat Joseph, the husband of Mary, of whom w
was born Jesus, who is called Christ.

Therefore all the generations from Abraham to David 17
are fourteen generations ; and from David to the carry-
ing away to Babylon are fourteen generations ; and from
the carrying away to Babylon until the Christ are four-
teen generations.

And the birth of Jesus Christ was thus. For when is
his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they
came together, she was found with child of the Holy
Spirit. And Joseph her husband, being a just man, and 19
not wishing to make her an example, was planning to
put her away privately. But while he was thinking of 20
these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to
him in a dream, saying ; ' Joseph, son of David, fear not
6 to take Mary thy wife ; for what is conceived in her is
' of the Holy Spirit ; and she will bring forth a son, and 21
c thou shalt call his name Jesus; for he will save his
c people from their sins.' Now all this was done so that 22
it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord
through the prophet, saying; Behold) the maiden will &
be with child) and will bring forth a son, and they will
call his name Emmanuel, which is, when interpreted,
God is with us. Then Joseph being raised from his sleep, 24
did as the angel of the Lord bid him ; and took his wife,
and knew her not till she brought forth her first-born 25
son ; and he called his name Jesus.

Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea^ in i
the days of Herod the king, behold, Magians [or wise
men] from the east came to Jerusalem, saying ; * Where 2
* is the new-born king of the Jews ? for we have seen his
' star in its rising, and are come to worship him.' And 3
when Herod the king heard, he was troubled, and all
Jerusalem with him. And gathering together all the 4
high priests and scribes of the people, he asked of them,
where the Christ should be born. And they said to him ; s
'In Bethlehem of Judea ; for thus it is written through
1 the prophet ; And thou Bethlehem, land of Judah, art



II.] ACCOEDING TO MATTHEW. 3

' not the least among the princes of Judah ; for out oj }

' thee ivill come a ruler ivho will guide my people Israel']

7 Then Herod, having privately called the Magians, learnt'

s of them the time of the star's appearing, and he sent them.'

to Bethlehem and said ; ' Go, and search carefully about

* the child j and when ye have found, tell me, that I also
9 'may come and worship him.' And when they had'

heard the king, they went ; and behold, the star, which
they saw in its rising, w T ent before them, till it came and!

10 stood over where the child was. And when they saw

11 the star, they rejoiced with a very great joy. And
when they came into the house, they saw the child with
Mary his mother, and fell down and worshipped him ;
and they opened their treasures, and laid before him

12 gifts, gold and frankincense and myrrh. And being
warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they departed
into their own country by another way.

is And when they had departed, behold, an angel of the
Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying ; ' Arise,
' and take the child and his mother, and flee into Egypt,
' and be there until I tell thee ; for Herod is about to

14 * seek the child to kill him. 7 And he arose, and took the
child and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt.

is And he was there until the death of Herod ; so that it
might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through
the prophet, saying ; Out of Egypt I called my son.

is Then Herod, seeing that he was mocked by the Magians,
was very wroth ; and he sent forth and slew all tha
children in Bethlehem, and in all its neighbourhood, from
two years old and under, according to the time that he

17 had learnt from the Magians. Then was fulfilled what

is was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet, saying ; A voice
was heard in Rama, wailing and weeping and great
mourning ; Rachael weeping for her children, and would
not be comforted because they are not.

19 But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord

20 appeareth in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, saying ; ' Arise,
' and take the child and his mother, and go into the land of

* Israel ; for they who sought the child's life are dead.'

21 And he arose, and took the child and his mother, and

22 came into the land of Israel. But when he heard that
Archelaus was reigning over Judea, in the room of his



4 THE GOOD TIDINGS [ll. III.

father Herod, lie was afraid to go there; and being warned
in a dream, he withdrew into the parts of Galilee. And he 23
came, and dwelt in a city called Nazareth ; so that it
might be fulfilled which was spoken through the prophets;
He will be called a Nazarite.

!N"ow IN THOSE DAYS coineth John the Baptist, preach- i
ing in the desert of Judea, and saying ; ' Repent ye, for 2
' the kingdom of heaven is at hand.' For this is he that 3
was spoken of by Isaiah the prophet, saying; A voice
of one crying aloud in the desert, Prepare ye the way of the
Lord, make his paths straight. And this John had his 4
raiment of camel's hair, and a leathern girdle about his
loins ; and his food was locusts, and wild honey. Then 5
went out to him Jerusalem, and all Judea, and all the
country round the Jordan. And they were baptized by 6
him in the Jordan, acknowledging their sins. But when 7
lie saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to
his baptism, he said to them ; ' O offspring of vipers,
" who warned you to flee from the wrath to come ?
' Bring forth, therefore, fruit worthy of repentance ; s
' and think not to say to yourselves, We have Abraham a

* for a father ; for I say to you, that God is able out of these

' stones to raise up children unto Abraham. And now 10
c the axe is even laid at the root of the trees ; therefore
' every tree that beareth not good fruit, is hewn down,
' and cast into the fire. I indeed baptize you in water 11
c unto repentance ; but he that cometh after me is mightier
6 than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to carry ; he will

* baptize you in holy spirit and fire. His fan is in his ia
' hand, and he will cleanse his floor, and gather his wheat

* into the granary, but will burn up the chaff with fire

* unquenchable.'

Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to the Jordan to 13
John, to be baptized by him. But John forbad him, H
saying ; ' I have need to be baptized by thee ; and comest
^ thou to me V And Jesus answering said to him ; is
1 Suffer it now ; for thus it becometh us to fulfil all

* righteousness. 7 Then he suffereth him. And Jesus, ia
when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the
water ; and behold the heavens were opened unto him,
.and he saw the spirit of God descending like a dove, and



III. IV.] ACCOKDING TO MATTHEW. 5

17 coming upon him. And behold, a voice from heaven,
saying; ' This is my beloved son, in whom I am well

c pleased/

Then Jesus was led up by the spirit into the desert
to be tempted by the devil. And after fasting forty
days and forty nights he was at last Imngrv. And the
tempter came to him, and said ; c If thou be a son of
1 God, command that these stones be made loaves. 7 But
he answered and said ; ' It is written ; Man shall not live
' by bread alone, but by every word that cometJi out of the
1 mouth of God. 1 Then the devil taketh him into the
holy city, 'and setteth him on the battlement of the temple-
yard ; and saith to him ; c If thou be a son of God, cast
* thyself down ; for it is written ; He will give his angels
' charge of thee ; and, They ivill bear thee upon their
1 hands, lest thou strike thy foot against a stone? Jesus,
said to him ; ' Again it is written ; Thou shalt not try
1 the Lord thy God.' Again the devil taketh him on to a
very high mountain, and showeth him all the kingdoms
of the world, and their glory ; and saith to him ; ' All
f these will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship
'me.' Then saith Jesus to him ; ' Get thee behind me,
' Satan ; for it is written ; Thou shalt worship the Lord
6 thy God, and him only shalt thou serve* Then the devil
leaveth him ; and behold, angels came up and ministered
to him.

Now when Jesus had heard that John was delivered
up, he withdrew into Galilee ; and leaving Nazareth, he
came and dwelt in Capernaum by the lake, in the borders
of Zabulon and Nephthalim ; so that it might be fulfilled
which was spoken through Isaiah the prophet, saying ;
Land of Zabulon, and land of Nephthalim, by the way of
the lake beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles ; thd
people sitting in darkness saw a great light, and to those
that sat in the region and shadow of death a light arose.
From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say;
' Repent ; for the kingdom of heaven is at hand/

And walking by the lake of Galilee, he saw two brethren,
Simon called Peter and Andrew his brother, casting a net
into the lake ; for they were fishers. And he saith to
them ; ( Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men.'
And they straightway left their nets and followed him.



6 THE GOOD TIDINGS [iV. V.

And going on thence he saw two other brethren, James 21
the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, in the boat
with Zebedee their father, mending their nets ; and he
called them. And they straightway left the boat and 22
their father, and followed him.

And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their ss
synagogues and preaching the Good Tidings of the king-
dom, and healing every disease and every sickness in the
people. And his fame went into all Syria; and they 24
brought to him all the sick people taken with divers
diseases and torments, and demoniacs, and lunatics, and
those with palsy ; and he healed them. And great crowds 25
followed him from Galilee, and Decapolis, and Jerusalem,
and Judea, and from beyond the Jordan.

And seeing the crowds, he went up the mountain; and i
as he sat, his disciples came to him. And he opened 2
his mouth and taught them, saying : ' Blessed in the spirit a

* are the poor ; for their's is the kingdom of heaven.

* Blessed are they that mourn ; for they will be comforted . *

* Blessed are the meek ; for they will inherit the earth. s
' Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after righteous- s
' ness ; for they will be filled. Blessed are the merciful; 7
' for they will obtain mercy. Blessed are the pure in e

* heart ; for they will see God. Blessed are the peace- 9

* makers ; for they will be called sons of God. Blessed 10
' are they that are persecuted for righteousness' sake ; for

' their's is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are ye, when 11
.-' men shall revile you, and persecute you, and say every

* evil word against you falsely for my sake ; rejoice and 12

* be glad, for great is your reward in heaven ; for so per-
; secuted they the prophets that were before you.

6 Ye are the salt of the earth ; and if the salt-stone have is
' lost its savour, wherewith shall it be salted ; it is thence-
' forth good for nothing, but to be cast out and to be

* trodden on by men. Ye are the light of the world. A 14
( city set on a hill cannt be hid ; neither do men light a is
' lamp and put it under the bushel, but on the larnp-

* stand ; and it shineth to all that are in the house ; so is
' let your light shine before men, that they may see your
'good works and glorify your Father who is in heaven.

* Think not that I am come to destroy the law or the 17

* prophets ; I am not come to destroy but to fulfil. For is



V.] ACCORDING TO MATTHEW. 7

' verily I say to yon, till the heavens and the earth pass
6 away, not one Iota [or letter I] or one tip of a letter
6 shall pass away from the Law, till all things come to pass.

19 Whoever therefore shall break one of these least com-
' mands, and shall teach men so, he will be called least in
' the kingdom of keaven ; but whoever shall do and teach
c them, he will be called great in the kingdom of heaven.

20 ' For I say to you, that unless your righteousness shall
' exceed that of the scribes and Pharisees, ye will not en-
*ter into the kingdom of heaven.

21 ' Ye have heard that it was said to them of old ; Thou
' shall not kill ; and whoever shall kill, will be deserving of

22 ' the judgment. But I say to you, that every one that is
' angry with his brother without a cause, will be liable to
'the judgment; and whoever shall say to his brother, Raca
' [or Fool], will be liable to the high council ; and whoever
'shall say, Moreh [or Apostate], will be liable to the

as ' Gehenna of fire. If therefore thou bring thy gift to the
f altar, and there remember that thy brother hath aught

24 l against thee, leave there thy gift before the altar, and go thy
' way ; first be reconciled to thy brother, and then come

25 ( and offer thy gift. Agree with thine adversary quickly,
' whilst thou art on the way with him ; lest the adversary
' deliver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the

as ' officer, and thou be cast into prison. Yerily I say to thee,

c thou wilt not come out thence till thou hast paid the last

27 c farthing. Ye have heard that it was said; Thou shalt not

23 c commit adultery ; but I say to you, that every man, that
' looketh at a woman to lust after her, hath already com-

29 ' mitted adultery with her in his heart. And if thy right
' eye maketh thee to sin, pluck it out, and cast it from thee;
'for it is better for thee that one of thy limbs should
' perish, and not that thy whole body should be oast into

w ' Gehenna. And if thy right hand maketh thee to sin, cut it
' off, and cast it from thee ; for it is better for thee that one
' of thy limbs should perish, and not that thy whole body

11 * should be cast into Gehenna. And it was said ; Whoever
1 shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of

fc ' divorcement ; but I say to you, whoever shall put away
' his wife, unless for the reason of fornication, causeth her
' to commit adultery ; and whoever shall marry her that

o c hath been put away, committeth adultery. Again, ye



8 THE GOOD TIDINGS [V. VI,

1 have heard tliat it was said to them of old ; Tliou shall
'not forswear thyself^ but shall perform unto the Lord thine
' oaths ; but I say to you, swear not at all ; neither by 34
'heaven, for it is Gods throne ; nor by the earth, for it is 35
' a footstool for his feet ; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the
c great King's city. Neither shalt thou swear by thy head, 36
' for thou canst not make one hair white or black. But 37
' let your word be, when yea, Yea ; when nay, ISTay ; for
4 what is more than these cometh of evil. Ye have heard 33
'that it was said; An eye for an eye., and a tooth for a
' tooth ', but I say to you, resist not evil ; but whoever 39
6 shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other
' also ; and let him that wisheth to have judgment against 40
( thee, and to take thine under-coat, let him have thy
' cloak also ; -and whoever shall force thee to go in his 41
'service one mile, go with him twain. Give to him that 42
' asketh thee, and him that would borrow of thee turn not
4 thou away. Ye have heard that it was said ; Thou 43
' shalt love thy neighbour and hate thine enemy ; but 44
' I say to you, love your enemies ; bless them that curse

* you ; do good to them that hate you ; and pray for them

' that reproach you and persecute you; so that ye may be 45
6 sons of your Father that is in heaven ; for he maketh his
' sun to rise on the wicked and on the good, and sendeth
' rain on the righteous and on the unrighteous. For 4s
' if ye should love them that love you, what reward have
' ye 1 Do not even the tax-gatherers the same ? And if ye 47
' should salute your brethren only, what great thing do ye?
6 Do not even the Heathen so ? Be ye therefore perfect, 4&

' as your Father that is in heaven is perfect.

. ' Take heed that ye do not your acts of righteousness i
' before men to be seen by them ; otherwise ye have no re-

* ward with your Father that is in heaven. Therefore, 2
' when thou givest alms, do not sound a trumpet before

' thee as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the
' streets, that they may be honoured by men. Yerily I
c say to you, they have their reward. But when thou 3
' givest alms, let not thy left hand know what thy right
1 hand doeth ; so that thine alms may be in secret ; and *
'thy Father who seeth in secret will himself reward thee

* openly. And when thou prayest, thou shalt not be as 5
' the hypocrites; for they love to pray standing in the



VI.) ACCORDING TO MATTHEW. 9

' synagogues and in the corners of the open squares, that

' they may be seen by men. Yerily I say to you, they have
'their reward. But thou, when thou prayest, enter inta

' thy closet, and after shutting thy door, pray to thy Father



Online LibraryJo. Jac. GriesbachThe New Testament, or rather The new covenant → online text (page 1 of 40)