Johann Joachim Eschenburg.

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I. 93.— Hor. i. Sat. iv. 1-13. x. 1-6. i&-49.—Mul. Gdl. vii. 3. xvii. 2\.—Juven. i. Sal. i. 165.

2. The fragmeuts of Lucilius were published by F Dousa (Douza). Lugd. Bat. 1597. 4.—^nt. Vulynus. Patav. 1735. 8.—
Haverhamp fannexed to Censorinus). Lugd. Bat. 1743. 8. — Found also in the Bip<jnt edition of Juvenal and Persius. 1785. 8.—
also in C. J. Christ. Reuvtns, Collectanea lileraria seu Conjecture in Attium, Lucilium, et cet. Lugd. Bat 1815. 8.

•?> 357. Titus Lucretius Cams, a Roman knight, born about B. C. 95, ended his life
by suicide. His philosophical poem. On the nature of things (De rerum natura), in six
books, contains the principles of the Epicurean school, of which he was a zealous
disciple. These principles are here combined and arranged with much art, and set
forth in their most dazzhng and imposing features. — The work is not wholly free from
monotony and dullness ; but this is the fault of the subject rather than of the author,
whose poetry in particular passages is very florid and rich in imagery. — Cardinal Po-
lignac wrote a poem in opposition to it, called Ant i- Lucretius, which, although more
correct in its views of God and of providence, is inferior in poetical merit.

L Lucretius lived in a period full of important political events, but seems to have
kept himself retired from public affairs. He was sent, according to a prevailing custom
at the time, with other young Romans of rank, to study at Athens, where he attended
on the instructions of Zeno and Phsedrus given in the Gardens of Epicurus. Cicero
and his brother Quintus, also Cassius and Pomponius Atticus, and Memmhis, after-
wards governor of Bithynia, are said to have been at this lime his fellow-students. Lu-
cretius was specially attached to the latter, and it is supposed accompanied him to Bi-
thynia. His poem is dedicated to Memmius. He is said to have committed suicide,
in the 44th year of his age, in a paroxysm of insanity ; produced, according to some,
by a philtre or love potion given him by Lucilia, his wife or mistress ; but according to
others, caused by melancholy resulting from the exile of Memmius and other calamities'.

2. Directly opposite judgments have been passed upon the poem of Lucretius ; some
pronouncing it " dry, prosaic, without interest, and without imagination ;" others calling
it an elegant and almost unrivaled production'^. An analysis of it is found in Dunlop
and copied in Anlhon's Lempriere.

» Lambimis, Life nf Lucretius, in the Bipont Edition, cited below (3).— Gooii, in his translation below cited (4). ^ Diinlof

i. 250.— Schbll, i. 2A6.~Charaktere der voniehm. Dichter, vii. S\0.—ViUemain, Nouveaux Melanges (p. 189). Par. 1827. 8.-
Bushy, below cited.— ./i. Forhiser, De Lucr. carmine a scriptore serioris aetatis perlractato. Lips. 1824. 8.

3. Editions.- B.— Gi7ierr IVakeJuld. Lond. 1796. 3 vols. 4. censured by some of the Reviews, but highly commended bj
some German critics {Dibdin, ii. 205). — Duncan. Glasg. 1813. 4 vols. 8. chiefly a reprint of Wakefield's; " the best critical edi-
tion extant" (Dibdin, lS2').—Eiclisrddt. Lpz. 1801. 8. based upon Wakefield's, containing the text of the six books in the 1st
volume ; but the 2d not published. — A. Forbiger. Lips. 1828. 8.— Of earlier editions, the best is that of Bavercamp. Lugd. Eat.
172.5. 2 vols. 4. pronounced by Dunlop (1S23) the best edition that had appeared.— The JBipontine, reprinted, Argent. 1808. 8, is
considered good.— The Oxford, 1816, is a reprint of Thomas Creech, first published Oxf. 1695. 8.— Princeps, Ferandus. Bresciae,
1473. fol.— The first MS. of Lucrelius known to the moderns was discovered by Poggio Bracciolini, in the Monastery of St. Gal.
about 20 miles from Constance, in 1414.

4. Translations.— German.— /. H. F. Manccfte, metrical, with the original and notes. Lpz. 1795. 2 vols. 8. — K. L. Vcn Krebd,

with the original, Wakefield's text. Lpz. 1821. 2 vols. 8. French. — D. La Grange, prose. Par. 1799 2 vols. 12.— te Blane

de Guilkt, metrical, with Lat. text. Par. 1788. 8. Italian.— .^Ica;. Marchelli. (best ed.) 1779. 4. English.— T/i. Cre'j:h, in

verse. Oxf. 1683. 8. Lond. 1776. 2 vols, 8.— 7Vi. Busby, in verse, with the original. Lond. 1S13. 2 vols. 4. with " enormous pro-
legomena on the Life and Genius of Lucretius, and Ihe Philosophy and Morals of his poem" (Dunlop) ; cf. Lond. Quart. Rev. xi.
88.—/. M. G'Kid, blank verse, with the Latin (Wakefield's text). Lond. 1^05. 2 vols. 4. containing a life of Lucretius, a id an
account of his philosophy (cf. Gregon/s life of Dr. Good, p. 103. Bost. ed. 1^9). For further notices of translations and edi-
tions, see Dunlop, ii. Appendix, p. 35-39, and the Eipontine edition of Lucretius. — Cf. Drakt't Literary Hours. — Liydeu^s Poeti-
1^1 MiEceilanies.

5. The ,inli- Lucretius (siia de Deo et Natura) of Pnlignac was published at Paris, 1747. 2 vols. 8. It consists of nine booki.
01 about 130O lines each, in Latin hexameter. The author studiously imitates Lucretius. An English translation was published by



p. V. POETS. CATULLUS. GALLUS. TIBULLUS. 571

6. Canning, Lond-1'66. 8. — There is another poem, writteo in opposition to Lucretius, De animi immortalitatt, by Aonius Vx-
l«trius (Lyon, 1536. S), which is " almost a cento made up from lines or half lines of the Roman bard " The same imitation of
Lucretius is seen in various Latin poems composed by the French Jesuits of the 17th century to illustrate different phenomeaj
of nature. Several are published in the Poemala Didascalica. Paris, 1SI3. 3 voh.—Dunlop, i. 270.

^ 358. Caius Valerius Catullus was born in the peninsula Sirmio, in the territory
of Verona, B. C. 86. Little is known of the circumstances of his hfe, excepting hi?
intimate friendship with Cicero, of which a proof is given in one of his poems. As a
lyric poet he has much that is excellent in the softer kind of writing, much refinement
of feeling and expression. But he yielded too much to the already corrupt taste of
liis age, and not unfrequently sacrificed both propriety and morahty. Many of hia
poems are lost.

1. Catullus was invited to Rome in early youth, and there wasted much of his for
tune in dissipation. He accompanied Caius Memmius, the patron of Lucreiius, to rho
province of Bithynia ; but did not derive the pecuniary or other benefits which he had
expected. After his return to Italy, his time seems to have been passed in idleness or
in licentious amours, in his costly residence at Tibur, or his delicious villa on the pen-
insula of Sirmio. He died when not far from the age of 30. — Scholl, Litt. Rom. i. 310.

2. The numerous small pieces extant, that are ascribed to Catullus, consist of odes,
songs, satires, elegies, and epigrams. Some of these are not considered as genuine ;
the editions usually contain 116 pieces. Although once distributed into three classes,
they are now generally published without any attempt at systematic arrangement ; and
their nii.«cellaneous character renders any such arrangement almost impossible. 1 he
poetry bears evident marks of close imitation of Greek authors, especially of Calli-
machus ; yet all the critics award to Catullus the praise of much originality and of great
elegance. In respect of literary merits, he has been ranked above all the Latin poets
except Virgil and Horace. — One of the most pleasing of his pieces is that (xx.\i.) ad
dressed to Sirmio, the peninsula where his favorite villa was situated.

Dunlop, i. 271-321.— A/a?uo in the CharaUere dervoni. Dkhter, i. 158-171.— also ZJ'.4r7iat«f« Essay »ur Ca(t/flf, annexed tc
the edition (.p. 410) of Naudet, cited below.— jJniauM in the Mem. Acad. Inter, vol. ilii. p. 239.— £iW. Rtjios. No. xxii. p. 495.—
Bdhr, p. 253.

3. Editions.— B.—/: W. Dorxng. Lpz. 1788-92. Repr. in Lond. 1S20. (.4n(Aon.)— C. /. StTZ.j. Golt. 1823. ?.— Especially, /
Naudet. Par. 1826. S. forming vol. Ixxv. of Lemain's Bibliotheque Chssique Laline.— Of earlier editions, the best is that of A'ui
plus. Patav. I73T. 2 vols. 4.— Princeps, CoralUis. Farm. 1473. fol.— An excelleDt edition for schools, f. M. Butbard. Bost,
1836. containitis select pieces, with notes.— C a t u 1 1 u s has often been published withTibullus &Fropertius; one
of the latest editions, A. J. yalpy. Lond. 1S22. 8.— For further account of editions, see Naudet above cited.

4. Translations.— German.— B.—ffl W. Ramler. Lpz. 17S3. 8. 1810. 8. French.— f. /. Noel. Par. 1805. and 1813. 2 vols. 8,

containing the original Latin, and a Discours Preliminaire on the life, poefrv-, editions and translations of Catullus.— C. L. Moile-

vaut (in verse, with TibuHus and Propertius). Par. 1816. 4 vols. 12. Exi^hsh.—Anonymoiu (supposed Dr. Null), with LaU

teitanii notes. Lond. 1795. 2 vols. S.—G. Lamb. Lond. Is21. 2 vols. 12. cf. Dunlop, ii. App. p. 42.

^ 359. Cornelius Galh's, a native of Gaul, flourished about the same time wth Pro-
pertius. He was a friend of Virgil, who addressed his 10th eclogue to him. He was
one of the most happy poets in elegy, although in his diction less pleasing than Pro-
pertius or Tihullus. His poems, however, are lost ; the six elegies, which have been
ascribed to him. are certainly from a later and inferior poet ; probably from Cornelius
JSIaximiaims Gallus, who lived under Anastasius, about A. D. 500.

L Gallus was born of poor parents, probably at Forum Julii, in Gallia Narbonensis,
about B. C. 70. He first came into notice as a follower and partisan of Octavius, in
his measures to avenge the assassination of JuUus Caesar. He seems to have soon
obtained the confidence of Octavius, and was one of his counsellors after the battle of
Philippi. After the battle of Acfium, Gallus was intrusted whh an important command
in the invasion of Egypt against Antony, and it was by an artifice of Gallus that
Cleopatra fell into the hands of Augustus. Egypt being reduced, Gallus was appointed
praefect or viceroy over it. His successes rendered him vain ; his government of the
province was soon marked by mismanagement and plunder ; and in the fifth year of
his authority he was recalled, charged among other ofliences with having plotted against
the life of Augustus. His property was confiscated, and he was sentenced to perpetual
exile. Thus disgraced, he committed suicide in the 43d year of his age, B. C. 26.

2. The elegies of Gallus consisted of 4 books. He is said to have translated several
pieces from the Greek epigrammatist Euphorion. He is by some considered as the
author of the poem called Ciris, falsely ascribed to Virgil.

Fnh-miann, Handbuch, p. 59j.~Schm, i. 326.— BaAr, p. 273 —Jfarton, Hist, of En?!. Poetry, tend. 1824. 4 vols. (4tli,
p. 233.)— C. rolker, Commentitinnes de C. Cornelii Forojuliensis vita et scriptis. Bonn. 1841. 8.

3 The eleeies ascribed to Gallus are found in the Collections of the Minor Latin Poets by Mattaire, and by fVemsdorf; also ia
Ijcmairc'^ Biblioth Poet. Lat. Minora, vol. ii. & vi.

4. The Impotent Lover, accurately described in six elegies upon old age. Made English from the Latin of Comditis GaUu3, by
B. Walker. Lond. 1693. 8.

% 360. Alllus Tihullus, born at Rome, and belonging to the order of knights, flou-
rished about B. C. 30. He was a favorite of Messala Corvinus, and esteemed by
Horace, Ovid, and other poets of his age. According to Quintilian. he is entitled to
tne first rank among the Roman elegiac poets. He combines soft, tender feeling with



572 HISTORY OF ROMAN LITERATURE.

a noble and accurate expression, with a charming variety of invention, of images and
turns, without labored, far-fietched, or unnatural ornaments. His elegies are arranged
in 4 books; those in the last, however, are ascribed to Sulpicia, and other authors.

1. The time of his birth is not known, but supposed to be about B. C. 54 or 56. He
is said to have died about the same time wuh Virgil, B. C. 19. He inherited a con-
siderable fortune, which was greatly impaired, partly by the partitions of the lands in
Italy made to the soldiers of the Triumvirs, and partly perhaps by his own extrava-
gance. He accompanied Messaia in several military expeditions, in the last of which
he suffered a dangerous sickness that detained him at the island Corcyra ; but on his
recovery he visited Syria and Egypt. After his return from the east, he hved on his
paternal estate at Pedum.

2. We have, in the 4 books under the name of Tibullus, 35 elegies and a panegyric
addressed to IVIessala. The genuineness of the 3d book as well as the principal part
of the 4th, has been doubted. According to Scholl, only the first two books and the
panegyric in the commencement of the 4th, and the two elegies at its close, are indis-
putably the production of Tibullus. De Golbery denies the genuineness of the pane-
gyric. The elegies in the 3d book are ascribed by Foss, to a poet called Lygdamus.
But Fulirmann remarks that Lygdamus as a poet is unknown in Roman literature, and
is wholly an imaginary person. Tibullus evidently had studied the Grecian elegiac
writers ; but was not a close imitator. A melancholy tenderness is a prominent trait
in his poetry.

Scholl, Lift. Rom. i. 32f!.— De Golb;ry (in his edition cited below) De Tibulli vita et carmmibus.—Charaht. vom. Dicht. ii. 190.
—Dissenius, de vita et Poesi Tib. in his ed. below cited.

3. EditioDs.— B.— C. G. Heyne (4th ed. by F. E. JVunderKch). Lpz. 1817. 2 vols. S. to which belongs the Supplement entitled
TibicUi carmmum editianis Heyiiia-lVunderlichians Sapplementum (ed. L. Dissenius). Lips. 1819. 8.— /mm. G. Huschhe.
Lips. 1819. 2 vols. 8. very valuable {Fuhrmann) ; of. Harles Supplem. Klil^lin^, p. 175.— Dc Golbery. Par. IS26. 8. formin? the
78fh vol. of Lemaire's Bibliolheque ; conlaining an Essay on the life and writing of Tibullus, Mythological Excursuses, and an ac-
count of MSS. and editions. Among the best of earlier editions, are Broukhiisius (with Catullus). Amst. 1727. 4 and I'ldpiul

{yolpi). Patav. (Padua) 1749. 4. We can only mention furlLer, /. H. f^oss. Tibullus & Lygdamus. Hiedelb. 1811. 8. two edi-
tions the same year, one with a critical commentary. See enumeration by Golbsry, above cited. — L. Disseniiu. (Jott. 1835
2 vols. 8.

4. Translations.— German.— Best, by J. B. Voss. Tobing. 1810. 8— metrical, by F. K. v. Strombeck- Gotf. 1799. 8.^—

French.- Best, by C. L. MoUevavt, metrical. Par. ISOS. 12. English.— /amcj Grainger (with orig. Lat.). Lend. 1759. 12.—

S. BenUy. 1792. 8. a specimen of a proposed edition j one elegy, with Lat. text, and Eng. notes.— G. iamfc. Lend. 1821.
2 vols. 12.

5. Illustrative.-/. A. Gdrentz, Tentamen Criticum in loca qujedam carm. Tibullianorum. Zwick. 1S06. i.—E. C. Chr. Bach,
Epistola critica in Tibullum et Propertium. Goiha, 1812. 9.—Pr. A. Tnih. Spohn, De Tibulli vita et carminibus. Lips. 1819.—
Cf. tVoipt Liter. Analekten. i. p. 164.—/. Jortin, Tracts, Philological and Critical. Lond. 1790. 8. vol. 2d. p. 448.

§ 361. Sextns Aurelius Properttns, a native of Umbria, was a favorite of Maecenas,
and died in the year B. C. 15. From him there are also 4 books of degiac poems yet
remaining. Their chief merits consist in pathetic expression, with rich poetic feeling,
and correctness of style. But he often transgresses the limits of nature and propriety,
and is too profuse in poetical ornament. Phileias, whose Greek elegies are lost, and
CaUimachus, were especially his models.

1. Of seven towns claiming the honor of being the birthplace of this poet, ISIeiania
IS by some supposed to be entitled to the preference. Others give the preference to His-
pellum, on the ground of an inscription there found, which is inserted in the edition of
Burmann cited below. The time of his birth is uncertain, probably about B. C. 53.
Having lost much of his inheritance, as Tibullus did. by the distribution of land made
to the soldiers of the Triumvirs, he went to Rome in early life to qualify himself for a
civilian. But poetry was more congenial to his taste. He seems to have been a friencJ
of Cornelius Gallus, Virgil, Tibullus, and Ovid. His elegies procured for him the
patronage of Maecenas. He is supposed to have gone to Athens in the train of Mae-
cenas and Augustus ; after which, little is known of his life'. The elegies of Propertiua
are nearly 100 in number. Three of the four books he made public in his lifetime;
the fourth is less occupied with amatory subjects, the elegies being chiefly of an heroic
character, more didactic and moral. Mythological story and fable are frequently intro-
duced^.

J GilUt de Moiwe, La vie de Properze. Par. 1754. 8. 2 See Manso's description in the Charakt. d. v. Dichter, iii. l.—Sou-

chay. in Mem. Acad. Inter, et Belles-Lettres, vol. vii. p. 3g6.

2. Editions.— Best, Pet. Burmann, completed by Santenius {Santen). Ultraj. (Utrecht) I7S0. 4. " the best yet published"
(Dihdin. 1827).— CAr. Gotfl. (rAecpA.) Kuinol. Lpz. 1805. 2 vols. 8. commended by Dibdin ; less approved by Eliigliyig.—r.

Jacobs, 1827. 12. in Teubner's Collection.— In Lemaire's Bibliolheca.— Also C. Lachmann. Berl. 1828. 8. with good text.

Among the best of earlier, Bronhhusius (Broukbuis), Ams. 1727. ^—Vulpius. Patav. 1755. 2 vols. i.—F. G. Earth. Lpz.
1777. 8.

3. Translations.— German.— JT. L. von Krebd. Lpz. 1798. S.—F. K von Strombeck. (2d impr. ed.) BrauBschw. 1822. 8. with
original French.— /». B. Baroji, metrical. Par. 1813. 12. English.— .^ntmvmowj; Lond. 17S2. 8.

§ 362. PiihJ.ivs Virgiluis Mara, of Andes near Mantua, hved from B. C. 70 to
B C. 19. He was the greatest of riie Roman poets in pastoral, didactic, and epic
poetry. His 10 Eclogues are imitations of Theocritus, but are full of peculiar beauties.
His Georgics, in 4 books, are rich in instruction and elegance. His Mneid, in 12 books



p. V. POETS. VIRGIL. 573

although an imitation of Homer, is nevertheless the production of nature, genius, and
taste ; its diction is more finished, and better suited to a refined age, than that of
Homer, although the latter may be more original in itself Virgil's easy and most
agreeable versification should especially be mentioned ; and his remarkable skill in
making every thing he borrowed completely his own, and weaving it all with the rest,
so happily into one whole. — There are also several other poetical performances ascribed
to him, usually included under the name of Calalecta VirgiUi; but their genuineness
is altogether doubtful. — Of the older commentators on Virgil, the grammarian S er-
vius Ho7ioratus Maiirus and Tih. Claudius Donatu s are the most worthy of notice.

1. Virgil at an early age studied at Cremona, but was chiefly educated at Naples,
where he is said to have been instructed in Greek letters by Parlhenius (cf ^ 226), and
in the Epicurean philosophy by Syro. He was deprived of a paternal farm at Mantua
by the Triumviral partition of lands ; but recovered his property by the favor of Mae-
cenas and Augustus. He was introduced to them, it is said, by Cornelius Gallus.
Virgil afterwards resided at Rome, on the EsquiUne hill. Subsequently he retired to
a villa, owned by him, near Nola, about 10 miles from Naples. He visited Athens,
intending to devote three years in Greece to a revision of the .^Eneid, which he had not
yet published. But ill health soon compelled him to return, and he lived but a few
days after landing at Brundusium, B. C. 19. — His tomb is supposed to he about two
miles to the north of Naples, on the hill of Pausilippo.

Several biographies of Virgil are given in Lfmat're'j edition (cited below) vol. vii.— A Life of Virgil, by William JTaisA, pre-
fixed to Drydeiis Trauslation.— On the fictitious Virgil the Necromancer, cf. IVarton^s Hiit. of Poetry, iii. p. 62 (cited § 359. 2).

2. The title of Catalecta (fcaruXEKra) is given to a collection of 14 httle pieces ascribed
to Virgil, including several epigrams and an elegy addressed to Messala. Several
larger pieces are extant, which are also ascribed to Virgil, and sometimes compre-
hended under the general name Catalecta VirgiUi. Their titles are Culex {the Gnat),
Moretum, DircB in Battarum, Mtna, Ciris (cf ^ 359. 2), Copa, Priapeia. Some have
endeavored to vindicate the genuineness of these pieces by supposing them to have been
composed while Virgil was young.

Cf. Fuhrmann, p. SSi.—Lcmaireh ed. vol. v.—Scholl, i. 360, 375. — Also respecting Virgil, see Manso's treatise in the Charaht.
i. V. DicJiter, vol. vii. p. 2i\.—Dunlop, 3d vol. Lond. \828.—Biihr, p. 127.

3. In Virgil's 4th Eclogue, addressetl to Pollio, there is a very striking resemblance in thought
and figures to certain passages in the prophecies of Isaiah and Ezekiel. This coincidence is an
interesting fact, and has excited much curiosity.

See S. Henley, Observations on the subject of the 4lh Eclogue, &c Lond, 1788. 8.—R. Lowlh, Lectures on the Sac. Poetry of
the Hebrews, lect. xx\. (p. 299. ed. Bost. IS13 )— /ordn'j Remarks on Ecclesiastical History, vol. \.—Cudworlh's Intellectual Sys-
tem, ch. iv. sect. \S.—Schm, Hist. Litl Rom i. 37?.— Class. Jnurn. vol. v. 55.— La Nauze, Mem. iu the Hisloire de I'Acad. des

Inscr. et Bel'.es-Lettres, xxxi. 1S9. On the Eclogues generally, cf. § 331.— The grammarian Probus left scholia, on the Eclogues

and the Georgics (cf. ^ 419).

4. Editions— Best ; Heyrie, 3d ed. Lips. 1800. 6 vols. 8. Repr. Lips. 1803. 4 vols. 8. Also (by Priestley) tind. 1821. 4 vols. 8
— Lertiaire. Par. 1S20-22. 8 vols. 8. coutainiog the whole of Heyne, with the commentary of Servius and other additions.— G,
P. E. JVagner. Lips. lS-34. 4 vols. 8. a revision of Heyne's. Also Lips, 1836-39. S vols. 8. with 200 vignettes; ''splendid."—
jO. Forbiger, Lips, IS36-39. 3 vols. 8. said to be very good; containing what is most essential in Wagner's— Of the earlier edi.
•ions, the following may be named; Baskerville. Birmingh. 1757. 4to. of beautiful typography.— Surmann. Amst. 1746,
4 vols. 4. once highly extolled.—/'. Marmoreits (ed. Bottarius), Rom. 1741. fol. a fac-simile of the famous Codex-l'alicanus (see
P. IV. § 143), with plates engraved by Bartoli.—Princeps. Rom. 1469.— Not fewer than -ninety editions have been enumerated,
which were published before the year 1500 ; to name those since published would require a volume.— See the yoHce Raisonnee in
LemaireU Virg. vol. vii.— Many school editions have been published in this country ; that of J. G. Cooper, N. York (5th ed.) 1835. 8.
is among the best ; that of B. A. Gould, Bost. 1834. 8. is good ; also F. Bowen, Bost. IS42. 12. with Eng. Notes.— The Delphin
ed. by C. Ru^tus, a truly valuable ed. has been repeatedly reprinted for schools ; the reprint, Phil. 1817. 8. is on very bad paper,

but has a very useful Clavis Virgiliana annexed. The Catalecta and Minor poems have been published separately; the best

edition, by F. Lindenbrogius (Lindenbncch) entitled P. V. Mar. Appendix. Lugd. Bat. 1617. 8.— These pieces are given in Seyxie.
—The separate editions of the Bucolics, Georzics, or JEntid, we cannot notice here.

5. Translations— German.— y. H. l-^oss, in hexameter verse, Brunsw. (2d ed.) 1821. 3 vols. 8. highly esteemed.— His translations
of the Bucolics and Georgics were first published separately (Germ. 4" Lat.) Bv/:olics, Altona, 1797. 2 vols. 8 ; Georsics, Altona, 1 eOO,

2 vols. 8. French.- iJene Binet, prose. Par. 1804, 4 vols. 12. " celebrated" (,f/arles).—Malfiatre, verse (.Mara lau, printer). Par.

ISIO. 4 vols. 8. the translations of different parts by different authors; with notes by S. .i. M. Miger, and Extracts from Le-

mair^s Lectures on Latin Poetry Italian.— FiHorio Alfieri, verse (.Eneid). Pisa, 1804. 2 vols. S.—Gius. Solari, verse. Geneva,

1810. 3 vols. 8. English.— Z)n/(fen, verse. Lond. 1697. fol. often reprinted— Dandson, prose. Lond. 1743. 2 vols. 8. often

reprinted with the Latin, for schools.—/. Martyn, Bucolics and Georgics. Lond. 1749. 2 vols. S. with Latin text, and notes spe-
cially illustrating the botany. Oxf. 1826-27. 2 vols. 8. with colored plates.— fK Sotheby, Georgica Hexaglotta (Angl. Lat. Ital,
Hispan. et Gall). Lond. 1827. fol.— For an enumeration of the various versions in different languages, see Lmxaire's ed. vol. vii,
549-574; where are noticed translations into not only the German, French, Italinn, and Enzlish, but also the Spanish. Portuguese,
Dutch, Hungarian, Polish, Swedish, Danish, and Greek ; besides Dumerous travesties or burlesque versions of the .Eneid, or parts
of it. The number of French versions, of which the list is most complete, is as follows: of the whoU of Virgil, 5 in verse, and 12



Online LibraryJohann Joachim EschenburgManual of classical literature : from the German of J.J. Eschenburg, with additions → online text (page 125 of 153)