Johann Joachim Eschenburg.

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in prose ; of the Bucolics, 26 in verte, and 7 in prose ; of the Georgics, 8 in verse, and 3 in prose ; and of the .Slneid, 12 in verse,
and 10 in prose ; besides many of particular books.

6. We can name but a few of the vast number of other volumes and treatises illustrative of this author.— f. Ursinus. Virjilius
cum Gr^is Scriptoribus collatus, &c Leov. 1747. S.-S MuUer, Homer und Virgil, eine Parallele. Erf. IS07. 8.-/. Martyn,
Dissertations and critical Remarks upon the .aSneid. Lond. 1770. 8.—Spence, Remarks and Dissertations of Mr. Holdsworth on
Virgil, with notes, &c. Lond. 1768. i.-HeUiez, Geographie de Virgile. Far. 1771. 12 ; reprinted Par. 1-20, with •'G.ographm
d'Korace" added, and 4 maps.— iW, Gibbon, Critical Observations on the 6th book of the Slae\d. Lond. 1 ;70. S. (^io in his Afu

tVorki. Lond. 1796. 2 vols. 4); with which cf. Warburlon, Divine Legation of Moses, vo . i. bk. ii. sect. 4; alic



Beyru^t Excursus x. ; »1so /. IVhiston, Six Dissertations on different subjects. Lond. 1755. S. (6th Diss )— C. Lamotte, History
of the works of the Learned, &c. Lond. 1737. 8. (on the question whether ;Eneas ever was in Italy.) — Cf. AlelAihr's Hist, of
Rome, p 136. vol. i. ed. Phila. ISSJ.—Ficaire (Prof, d' Eloq. et Rect. de V Univ. de Paris), Plan de I'Eneide de Virgile. Par.
1788. 12.— v4iie Froffuiei; Discours sur la maniere dont Virgile a iniite Hoiiiere : in the Mem. de VAcad. des Inscr. vol. ii. p. 141.

— S-'atry, La fable d' Eneide, Mem. AcaA. Inscr. xix. 3S5. We may add R. Schombtrg, The life of Maecenas, 2d ed. Lond. 1766. 8.

—Some remarks of Nitbtihr on the S.v.e\i (Hist, of Rome, vol. i. p. 149. ed. Phil. 1835), and of Dunlop, (Hist. Rom. Lit.

vol. 3d. ed. Lond. 1828) are given in Aalhnn's Lempriere, under .^neis. The following are pictorial illustrations ; L'Eneide

dipinta in Scandiano dal celebre pittore Niccolo Aljati ; In disegni incisi dal A. Gajani ed illustrati con una memoria del G. Venturi.
Modena, 1821. 4 pis. fol.— Fanfzig Bilder aus Virgils .Sneide mit einem Panorama von Rom, einer Charte und erlaulerndem
Texte. Carlsr. 1828. 8 pts. 12.

§ 363. Quinhis Horatius Flaccus, a native of Venusia, a municipal town in Apulia,
was born in the year B. C. 65. He passed the greater part of his hte at his country-
seat in the Sabine or Tiburtine territory, and died B. C. 8. He was a particular
favorite of Augustus and Maecenas. His moral character has often been censured ; the
best defence of him, that has been made, is by Lessing. The greatest power of Ho-
race was in lyric poetry. His four books of Odes and book of Epodes, now extant,
continue still to be surpassing models in this species of composition. In his Satires
and poetical Episdes there reigns a noble earnestness seasoned with the most refined
pleasantry and humor. Of the Epistles, that addressed to the Pisos, on the Art of
Foetry, is the most finished and instructive. — The most noted of the earlier interpreters
of Horace are Acron and Porphyrio(cf '5> 421).

1. When Horace was at the age of 9 or 10, his father, who was a freedman, and in
low circumstances, removed to Rome, in order to afibrd his son advantages for study.
At the age of 21, Horace was sent to Athens for the purpose of completing his edu-
cation. He was a pupil at the Academy, but the Epicurean philosophy was more
congenial to his feelings. When Brutus and Cassius attempted to restore the republic,
Horace with others of the Roman youth, then studying at Athens, joined their standard.
He was at the battle of Philippi and shared in the defeat and flight of the party. Virgil
was a kind friend and recommended him to the notice of Maecenas. Horace soon was
admitted to the intimate society both of Mascenas and Augustus. He survived the
death of the former but a few months.

/. Masson, Vita Horalii. Lugd. Bat. 1708. S.—L. Walch, Horaz, als Mensch und Barger, &c., from the Dutch of Rich. Van
Omnuren. Lips. 1802. ^.—G. F. Stiz, Q. Horatius Flac. nach seinen Leben und Dichtungen. Numb. 1815. 8.—/. H. M. Et-
nesti, Parerga Horatiana, quibus continentur vita, etc. Hal. Sax. 1818.— The life of Horace ascribed to Siutonius is found io
many of ihe editions of Horace. Separately by E. J. Richter. Zwickav. 1832. 8. with notes and chronolog. synopsis.— Respecting

the residence of the poet, Aiilhon's Inquiry relative to the Tiburtine Villa and Sabine Farm, p. 9 of his ed. below cited. Let-

j(;i?'j defence of Horace (Reltuneen des Horaz) is found in his Fomischlcn Schrifteti (Miscellaneous Writings). Berl. 17S4. 8. —
Cf. M. Au^. IVeichert, Commentatio de Q. Hor. Flac. oblrectaioribus. Grimm. 1821. 4.— P. F. Boost, Uutersuchung Uber eiue
Anklagc des Q. Horatius Flaccus. Frankf. ISO". S.—Klotzius (Klolz), Lecliones Venusinae. Lips. 1770. 8.

2. "The lyric poetry of Horace displays an entire command of all the graces and
powers of meter. Elegance and justness of thought, and felicity of expression, rather
than sublimity, seem to be its general character, though the poet sometimes rises to
considerable grandeur of sentiment and imagery. In variety and versatility his lyric
genius is unrivalled by that of any poet with whom we are acquainted'." — The odes
of Horace are of a very miscellaneous character, and not capable of being reduced to
any systematic classification ; yet most of them may be included in a division into four
classes, which has been proposed^ ; viz. Amatory, Convivial, Moral, and Political. By
far the greatest number will come under the first class.

J From Ellmi. in his Specimens nf the Classic Poets, cited § 47. 1. ^See Dunlop, in his Rom. Lit. 3d vol. ed. Lond. 1828.

Cf. Ch.A. Klutz, De felici audacia Horatii. Jense, 1761, found also in Classical Journal, vol. xiii.— On the lyrical poetry

of Hoiace, see also Mansos remarks in Charaht. d. vom. Dichter, vol. v. p. 30\-33i.—Sch.mi, Hist, de la Litt. Rom. i. p. 322

Schoml^rg, as cited § 362. 6. On his Satires and Epistles, Mn7iso in the Charaklere, &c., vol. iv. p. 409 496. Cf. vol. vi. 395

G. Lud. Konig. 0. Satira Romana. Oldenb. 1796. S.—D. C. Morgenslern, De Satirse atque Epistolae Horatianae discrimine. Lips.
1801. i.~Bosca.uxn, in his translation below cited.— Cf. Sulzer's AUg. Theorie, &c. iv. 142.

3. There has been much discussion among the learned respecting the real design
of Horace in the Letter to the Pisos which has borne the title of the "Art of Poetry,"
from the time of Quintilian. One of the most celebrated theories is that of Hard,
who considers the whole piece as referring solely to the drama, and forming a regular
and connected treatise on the subject. Wieland, and other modern critics, interpret
it as not being restricted to the drama exclusively, and as chiefly designed to dissuade
the elder son of Piso from devoting himself to poetry.

Cf. SchUl, Hist. Litt. Rom. i. p. 305.— Z>r. i/urifj Commentary and Notes on the Art of Poetry (with Latin text). Camb. 1757.
Z vols. 8. transl. into German by J. J. Eschenburg. Lips. 1772. 2 vols. S.— lVieland's German translation of the Efislks, with In-
troductions and Notes. Lpz. 17^7. 1818. 2 vols. H.—G- Coimaii, The Art of Poetry, Translated from Horace, with Notes. Lond.
1783. 4. — C. G. Schreiler, De Horatio Platonis aemulo (ejusque epistolas ad Pisones cum hujus Phaedro comparatione). Lips. 1789. 4.
—Jerome de BcsC.i, vol. 4. p. 139 of his Greek Anthology cited § 35). Cf. H. C. A. EichstddtjCeosan novissimarum obs. in Hor.
Epist. ad Pisones. Jenae, 1st Prog. 1810. 2d Prog. 181 1. So\.—f{ieron. (Jer.) de Bosch, Ctirae Secundae in Hor. Epist. ad Pisones.
Jenae, 1812. fol.— C. G. Schelle, Q. Hor. Flac. de Arte Poetica liber, pra;missa disput. de consilio, etc. Lips. 1806. 8

4. Editions.— One of the best is T. W. Daring's. Lips. 1824. 2 vols. 8. Reprinted Glasgow, 1826. 8.— That cf C Fca. Rome,
1811. 2 vols. 8. is highly commended by some (cf. Klilglingh Suppl. p. 196), but less approved by others (Dibdin, ii. 121) ; the
reprint by F. H. Bothe. Heidelb. 1820. 2 vols. 8. is considered preferable.— That of Baxter (Lond. 1725) as improved by Gestner

p. V. POETS. OVID. 575

(Lpt I7-.2) and Zeune (tpz. 1S15) and especislly F. H. Boihe, Lpz. Iffi2. 8. is we!l spoken of.— Amon? the editions which have
been highly celebraled, R. Btnllry. Amst. 1723. 4. (first publ. Canibr. I'll).— Cuninramius (Cunningham, bitter opponent of
Bentley). I^nd. 1721. 2 vols. 8.-Cr«qwit,i. Antw. 1611. 4.—/). iamfciniit. Par. 1567. 1596. fol.—G«). /"atriduj. Bas. 1555.
2 vols. fol. with the commentaries of Acron and Porphyrio and others — The supposed Prtncepi is a 4lo vol. without prin'er's name,
(Jjle, or place of publication. — Above 600 editions of Horace have been printed. — In our coun'ry there have been three impressions
of the Ddphin edition (i. -Dtrpra. Par. 1691. 4) ; stereotyped Phil. 1823. 8. This is valuable chiefly for its ludzz Vxabulorum ;
the notes, in Latin, are often very ?ood ; the text is not approved.— The edition of B. A. G<Aild, Bost. 1831. 12. has bten much used
in schools ; the eiceplionable parts of the original being omitted. — That of C. Artlhcm, N. York, 1830. 8. has been ranked among the
best editions of Horace. It contains full notes, with valuable prolegomena and excursuses. Cf. Amer. Quart. Rev. vol. viii. p. 72,

Valuable editions of the Odes ; C. D. Jani. Lpz. (ed. Schafer) IS09. 2 vols, g.— C. IV. MiUcherlich. Lpz. ISOC. 2 vols. 8.—

C. VaitdalouTS, Latin and French. Par. 1812. 2 vols. Of the Satires, L, F. Heindarf. Brcsl. 1815. 8. The Epistles, F. E.

T. Schmid. Halb. 1830. 2 vols. 8.

5. Trans'a'ion^.— German.— Best, of whole works. /. E. Voa. Brunsw. (2d ed.) 1820. 2 vols, a— Of Odes, RamUr. Berl. I80Q.

2 vols. 8.— <)f Epistles and Satires, tritland. Lpz. 1818-19. 4 vols. 8. French.— whole, Darji, verse. Par. (5th ed.) 1^0

4 vols. 8. — And. Dacier, prose. Par. 1681. 10 vols. 12. often reprinted : now esteemed less than formerly. — Sanadcm, prose. Par.

1728. 8 vols. \2.—randerb(mrg, above cited. Enslish— Phi/. Francis (metrical). Lend. (7th ed.) 1773. 4 vols. 8. ed. by Du

Boia. 1S07.— The English of Fraiuxi is given in the Edition Polyglotte, Par. 1S31. impr. 8. conUiniug also besides the Lat. text,
the French by Monjalcon, Span, by Burbot, Ital. by GargaUo, and Germ, by IVieland ^ (^ost ; with a Life of Hor. and biblogr.
notices.— C/ir. .Smart, prose. Lond. 1767.— fFafjon, prose. Lond. (5th ed.) 1762. 2 vols. 8. containing Dr. Douglat'i catalogue of
about SCO editions of Horace ; this gentleman, a physician in the time of (Jeorge II., had a curious library consisting wholly of edi-
tions and translations of Horace. — fV. Boscawen, verse. Stockd. 1793-97. 2 vols. 8. Some years ago, a translation of Horace

into Bibrew was announced as about to be printed in Germany (Anthon's Hor. p. 95.— Cf. Mots, Class. Bibliogr. ii. p. 109).

6. Uluslraiive.— H IVagner, Carmina Horatii Collatione Scriptorum Graecorum illustrata. Hals, 1770-71.— Ct AnlhonU Ori-
ginality of Hor. p. iixi. of his ed. above cited. — /. E. Imm. Walchiut, Diss, de philosophia Horatii Stoica. JensE, 1764. — P. F. A.
NUsch, Vorlesungen (iber die klassischen Dichter der Romer. Lips. 1792. 4 vols. 8. — Henrici Progr. de Grseca dictione poeseos
Horatii lyricse omatrice. Witteb. 1791. i.—Gaillard, in the Mem. Acad. Inter, vol. xlix. p 2(2.—/. A. IVhidd, Vorlesungen Qber
die Horazischen Oden und Epoden. Cob. 1^5. 8.— C. Beck, Introduction to the Meters of Horace. BosL 1839. 12.

§ 364. Publiiis Ovidius Naso, of Sulmo in the territory of the Pehgni, was of an
equestrian family. He flourished in the reign of Augustus, and died A. D. 16. His
personal history is given by himself (TT-i'sf. iv. 10). — The most remarkable incident is
his banishment from Rome to Tomi on the coast of Thrace ; the real cause of which
cannot be certainly determined. As a poet, he is distinguished especially by a very
fertile imagination and a lively blooming wit ; this, however, too often degenerates into
wantonness, and thus detracts from the just e.xpression of feeling. He also had the
talent for easy and agreeable versification. His largest and most beautiful poem is the
Metamorphoses, or mythical transformations, in five books. Besides these, we have
irom him 21 pieces styled Heroides; 3 books on the Art of love {de Arte amandi); 3
books oi amatory Elegies {Amores) ; 1 book on the Remedy for love {De Hemedio Amo-
ris,; 6 books styled Fasti, a poetical description of the Roman festivals in the first half
of the year; 5 books of elegiac Complaints {Tristia); 4 books of Epistles {Epistolce e
Ponto); and some doubtful smaller pieces. Of his lost productions the tragedy entitled
Medea seems to have been the most important.

1. Ovid was at an early age brought to Rome with an elder brother to be educated
for an orator and civilian. He had a preference for poetry, but by the wish of his father
studied and practiced according to the usual methods in the rhetorical schools at Rome
under eminent teachers. He afterwards went to Athens. Subsequently he visited the
chief ciiies; of Asia, with ^Emilius Macer, and at^terwards spent some months at Syra-
cuse in Sicily. On his return to Rome he for a short time engaged in legal and civil
business, but soon renounced it for the .'service of the muses. Horace and Propertius
were his familiar friends. He enjoyed the favor of Augustus for many years, until very
suddenly, at the age of 51, he was banished. Ovid had adopted and practically fol-
lowed ihe Epicurean philosophy. He betrayed much weakness of character under his
banishment, and employed much adulation to procure a recal, but m vain. He died at
Tomi at the age of 60.

/. Maston. Vila Ovidii. Amstel. 1708. 8.— Aug. S. Gerber, Ovids Schicksale wihrend seiner Verbannung. Riga, ISO. 8.—
Dunl'p's Hist. Rom. Lit. vol. ni.—Rosmini, Vita di Publio Ovidio Nasone. Ferrarae, 1789. 8.

2. Diff'TPnt conjectures have been formed respecting the cause of Ovid's banishment. The
ost<*nsiblp reason was the licentious tendency of his poetry; but the true reason was something
else. Some of the earlier critics imagined that it was because Ovid cherished an illicit attach-
•lent for .Tiilia the daughter of Aiigusliis. Dryden conjectured, that Ovid had intruded into the
bath of l.ivia. the wife of Augustus. Tirabnschi supposed that Ovid had observed accidentally
lome instance of eross immorality in Julia the emperor's daughter. Scholl adopts the idea that
it was bpcause Ovid had witnessed some scene, which revealed to him a state secret relating to
Jlie domestic jealousies in the family of Augustus.

See Schm. Kist. Li't. Rom. i. 240.— iL Ouvent, Noctes Haganae. Franek. 1780. 4. Oib- •"• c. 5).— Cf. Harla, Suppl. ad Brev.
Notit Lit. Rom I. P. p. Ho.—Bayeux, in his translation, below cited.

3. The Metamorphoses of Ovid were chiefly derived from Greek books, which are
lost : the work is highly valuable as a record of ancient mythology. The Fasti mn.y
be viewed as a sort of continuation of the ^letamorphoses, furnishing a store of infor-
mation respecting the superstitions of the Romans and the Greeks.

/. TV. L. yftilman. Comment, de causis et auctoribus narralionum de mutatis formis. Lips. 1786. S. — The Mttamorphota .

wiih Abbe Binier's Explanation of Ihe His'ory of Mytholosy, in English. Lond. 1747. 8 Abbe Banitr, Remarqces, ac in h.»

translation below oiled.- Gieriir, Diss, on the Fasti and Metam. in his euitious below cited,— £dui. Gibbon in his MiscellaneoD*


Works fcited § 362. 6).—SchSll, Hist Litt. Rom. i. 266.— Baftr, Gesch. Rom. Lit. p. 171.— P. H. G. Geseniw, Symbols obseira-
tioDum in Ovidii Fastos. Alton. 1806. 8. — Rob. Hooke, Physical Explanations of several Fables in Ovid's Metamorphoses, &c. in
bis works ed. by Rich. Waller. Lond. 1"05. 8.

4. Other pieces ascribed to Ovid, besides those already named, are the This, the Halieutica, on
Fishes, and the Medicamina Faciei, or vieans of preserving beauty. The Ibis, or Dira in Ibis, is a
poem of above 600 lines, a sort of imprecation upon an miEratefiil friend (cf. $ 345), supposed to
be directed asrainst Hysinus ; and written during the author's exile. The genuineness of the
Halieutica is doubted. Of the third, a mere fragment remains. An Elegy entitled JVux has also
been ascribed to Ovid, but its claims to such an authorship are doubted. — There are several pro-
ductions that have been falsely ascribed to Ovid (Supposita Ovidio) ; among them, three books
entitled de Vetula, fabricated in the middle ages, and said to have been brought from the tomb of

Ovid to Constantinople'. The name of ^!(/«s Safcinws should be mentioned here. He was a

contemporary and friend of Ovid. He commenced a work, which death hindered his finishins,
entitled Dies, and which perhaps suggested to Ovid the idea of his Fasti. Sabinus composed
three Epistles in answer to three of Ovid's Epistolm Heroidnm; which are commonly published
with those of Ovid ; and some critics have considered Sabinus as the author of siz of the twenty-
one in the collection commonly ascribed to Ovid^.

1 Cf. Fah-icius, Biblioth. Lat. i. 463-469.— fliirZei, Supplem. ad Brev. Not. i. 478. 2 See ScKoll, Litt. Rom. i. 345.

5. Editions.— W hoi e VV rks.— Best ; P. Burmann. Amst. 1727. 4 vols. 4. Oxf. 1825. 5 vols. 8. with selected notes.—/.

A. Amar. Par. 1820, ss. 9 vols. 8. in Lemaire's Bibl.— C/i. IV. Metschcrlich. Goll. 1819. 2 vols. 8. Good; N. Heinsius.

Anisl. 1661. 3 vols. 12.—/. F. Fischer. Lpz. 1758. 2 vols. S.—Bip07iline. Argent. 1811. 3 vols. 8. Princeps, Azoguidi.

Bonon. 1471. fol. no perfect copy known to exist. M e tam orph oses.— G. £ Gierig'. Lpz. 1806. 2 vols. 8. 3d ed. impr. by

/. C. Jahn. Lpz. 1821. 2 vols. 8.— £. C. Ch. Bach. Han. 1832-36. 2 vols. 8. F a s t i.— G. E. Gierig. Lpz. 1812-14. 2 vols. 8

T r i s t i a and Epistolse e Ponto.— /. /. Oberlin. Strassb. 1778. 8. ed. F. T. Platz. Hann. 1825. 8. E pistols Htroidvm.

—D. J. Van Lennep, 2d ed. Amst. 1812. 12.— F. Loers. Col. 1831. 2 vols, 8. A more s.— CA. G. Wernsdorf. Helmsl. 1788.

2 vols. 8. Numerous editions of the Metamorphoses, and of selections from Ovid, have been published for schools. — We mention

B. A. Gould, Excerpta ex scriptis P. Ovidii Nasonis. Best. 1835. 8.

6. Translations.— German.— Whole Works, by N. G. Eichhoff. Frankf. 1796-1823. 5 vols, 8.— Metamorphoses, by /. B Vast.
Berl. 1798. Brunsw. 1S29. 2 vols. 8. French.— Whole works, by Fran, de Pompignan. Par. 1799. 7 vols. 8.— Metamorpho-
ses, Abbe Banier (avec des Remarques et des explications, et figures gravees). Par. 1767-71. 4 vols. 4.— G. 77i. VMeneuve. Par.
1806. 4 vols. 8.— Fasti, by F. Desaintange (de St. Ange), verse. Par. 1804. 2 vols. 8.— by Bayeux, avec des Recherches d'Histoire,

&c. Par. 1783-88. 4 vols. 8. Italian.— G. Solori. Gen. 1815. 3 vols. 8. English.- Fasti, W. Massey, verse, Lond. 1757. 8.

not highly approved.— Tristria, /. Sterling, {Lsl\. &. Engl.) Lond. 1752. 8 — Heroides, /. £t«m, verse. Lond. 1787. S.—Cl. Sulzer,
AUg. Theor. ii. p. 572.— Metamorphoses, by Pope, Gay, Philips, and others. Lond. 1732. 12. — Jos. Davidson, prose. Lond. 1759. 8.
— Cf. Sulzer, ii. p. 123.— .4. Golding. Lond. 1575.— Cf. Warton's Eng. Poetry, iv. 235, of ed. cited § 359. 2.—N. Bailey, Lat. ft

Engl, with notes. Lond. 1822. 8. There is a Greek version of the Metamorphoses, made by Manuel Planudes, first published

by Boissonade. Par. 1822.

7. Illustrative.- £rfm. Burton, Genius and writings of Ovid ; in his Ancient Characters deduced from Classieal Remains. Cambr.
1763. 8.—/. Jwtin, in Tracts Philological, &c. cited § 360. 5.—/. Fr. Pfaffius, De Ortibus et occasibus siderum, &c. cited § 269. 2.
— Mamo. on the poelrj' of Ovid, in the CharaMere d. vom. Dichter, iii. 325. — Gaillard, in the Afcm. Acad. Inscr. vol. xlix. p. 279.
—D. T. Ruhnhen, Dictata ad Ov. Heroides, ed. by E. F. Friedemann. Lips. 1831. 8.

•Ji 36.5. Cornelius Severus was a poet or rather a versifier of the same period, who
died very young, B. C. ]4. Had he hved longer, it is ahogether probable that he
would have risen to the rank of an acknowledged poet. For in the poem entitled
JEtna, the only production by him of which we have the whole, there are various hap-
py passages, that indicate a lively fancy ; this work is by some, however, ascribed to
the younger Lucilius. The fragment upon the death of Cicero is perhaps a part of his
poem on the Sicilian War, of which he had completed the first book.

1. This youth was a friend of Ovid, and is mentioned by Quintilian (x. 1) as of very
promising genius. Ovid alludes to a poem of Severus, which he calls carmen regale
[Ep. e Ponl. iv.); of its character and design nothing is known. — The .Xtna consists
of 640 verses, on the eruptions of that volcano. Scholl assents to the criticism which
ascribes this poem to an author in the time of Nero.

Cf. § 334, 33i.— Scholl, Hist. Litt Rom. ii. p. a06.—lVemsdorf, vol. 4. of Poet. Lat. Min. cited § 348. 2.—Schmid, Meinecke,
and Jacobs, as cited below.

2. Editions. In Stephani Frag. vet. poet, cited § 348. also in Wernsdorf, above cited, and in Lemaire's Poet. Lat. Min. vol. iii.
—Separately, Th. Corallus (,J. Clericus). Amst. 1715. S.—C. A. Sclimid, (with Germ. Trans.) Brunsw. 1769. 8.—/. H. F. Mel-
neche, (n-ith Germ. Trans.) Quedl. 1818. 8.—F. Jacobs. Lips. 1826. 8. ascribing the poem to Lucilius Junior.

3. Translations.— French.— /. Accarias de Serionne, V Etna de P. C. S. et les sentences de Publ. Syrus traduites, etc. Par.
1736. 12.

§ 366. Caius Pedo Albinovanns, a contemporary and friend of Ovid, is ranked
among the elegiac poets. There is extant a poem entitled Cojisolatio ad Liviam, ad-
dressed to Livia Augusta in condolence upon the death of Drusus Nero, which is
supposed to be from this poet, but which some ascribe to Ovid ; there is also a frag-
ment on the voyage of Drusus Germanicus in the North Sea. His epigrams are lost.
Both of the elegies by some attributed to him, that on the death of Maecenas {Be ohitu
3I(Bce7iatis) and that on the last words of Maecenas {De McBcenate morihundo), do not
appear worthy of this author.

1. Nothing" is known of the hfe of Albinovanus. He seems to have been distin-
guished for his etforts in heroic verse. Ovid appUes to him the epithet sidereus. The
Consolutio nd Liviam, of 64 lines, is preserved in Seneca the rhetorician (cf. ^ 414),
and is .considered a production worthy of the Augustan age.

Respecting the pieces ascribed to Pedo Albinovanus, cf. Burmann, Anthol, Lat. cited § 348. 2.—Bech, as below cited (2).— iwn
atecenauaaa. Gott. 1824.— SeAo«, Litt. Rom. i. 342. Cf. Falrricius, Bibl. Lat. i. 376.


2. Ml the pieces are,found in some editions of Virgil, among the Catalecta. Also in LematVe's Poet Lat. Min. vol. 2d and 3d.—
Separately, Th. drrallm (i. e. J. Clericus.) Amsl. 1715. S.-J. U. F. Maiiecke, with Germ, trans, in verse. Quedl. 1819. 8.— The
elegies, by /. C. Bremer. Helmst. 1774. 8.—Cm>solalio nd Liviam by CA. D. £tck. Lips. ISOl. 8.

^ 3C7. Gratius Faliscus, a Roman poet of the first century of the Christian era, is
mentioned by Ovid in his Epistles from Pontus, but by no other ancient writer. We
have from him a didaciic poem on Hunting {Cynegelica), which was first discovered
by San7iazaro in France.

1. From a passage in his poem, Gratius is supposed to have been born in the ter-
ritory of the Falisci. The portion of the poem now extant consists of 540 hnes in
hexameter. It is not without merit. There is also a fragment on Fishing, which has
been ascribed to him.

Cf. .ScA H, Hist. Litt. Rom. vol. i. p. 273.-BaAr, p. 204— fTmudor/, and Lemaire, as cited below.

2. Editions, — Pmiceps, by G. Login {apud lieredei Aldi). Ven. 1534. 8. with Nemesian and Calpurnius. — It is found in Wemf
dorf's Collection (ciied 5 248) ; also in Lemaire't Min. Poels, vol. i (cf. ) 248).— See likewise. Poetx Latini rei venalitx Scrip-
lart-'!, &c , cited ^ 248. 2 — Cf. § 383. 2.— Also, with fraffmentson fowling, by R. Stem, Hal. 1832. 8.

3. Translations.— English.— CArtJf. Wase. The poem of Hunting by Grat. Faliscus; transl. into English verse. Lond.
1654. 12.

^ 368. Puhlius Syrus, a Roman slave from Syria, lived in the time of Augustus.
He obtained his liberty on account of his peculiar talents. His Climes, or mimic plays
of the kind which Cicero calls ethological or moral, were highly valued by the Ro-

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