Johann Joachim Eschenburg.

Manual of classical literature : from the German of J.J. Eschenburg, with additions online

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is considered as generally pure. He is thought to have imitated the manner of Sallust,
whom he resembles in conciseness and energy. — Several critics have defended the
general credibihty of his statements.

B'dhr, 4\T.—Schmi, ii. 337.— X F. Herel, Betrachtun?en Qber die Gesch. des Veil. Paterc. Erf. 1791. 4.—Margenstem, Com.
crit de fide hist. Veil. Pat. &c Danz. 1798. Given also in Krause, in his ed. below cited.— JSSc?er, Characteres politlci in VelL
Pat. Argent. 1672. 8.— £. Burton, Obs. on Veil. Pat. in his Anc. Characters deduced from Classical Remains. Loud. 1763 8.

3. Editions. — The first edition was by Bealus Rhenanxis, {Frohen printer) Bas. 1520. fol. from a MS. found by him in the con-
vent of Murbach in Alsace. This MS. " Codex Murbacensis," was then in a b'd state, and is supposed to have been lost in a re-
moval of the library to another site. Cf. Scholl, Litt. Rom. ii. 358. The genuineness of the work was at first doubted. Cf. Dibdin,
ii. 523 — Th- best editions ; D. Ruhuhen. Leyd. 1779. 2 vols. S.—C. H. Froticher ed. Lpz. 1830. 8.—/. Ch. H. Krawe (begun b»
Jam-) Lpz 1800. 8.— ff H. Cludius. Hann. 1S15. 2 vols. 8. the notes of Ruhnken firm one of the vols.— .V. Lemaire. Par. 1822.
8.—/. T. Kreysng, Mis. 1836. 12. value not known.— C. Orelli. Lpz. 1835. 8. improved text.

4. Translations.— German —Fr. Jacobs. Lpz. 1793. S.—F. N. Walter, Lat. & Germ. Regensb. 1830. 8. Yrench.—Abbe Paul,

Lat. & Gall. Par. 1785. 12.— Despres, Lat. & Gall. Par. 1828. 8. English.— TAom. Newton. Lond. 1721. 12.— Patterson. Ediub.

1722.8. "best"(ilfos>).

^ 533. Valerius Maximvs, a Roman of noble family, flourished about the same time.
He made a collection, in nine books, of the sayings and deeds of remarkable men, which
he dedicated to Tiberius. The matter relates chiefly to Grecian and Roman history ;
it is drawn from various writers, and is arranged under certain heads. The work is
commendable for the contents rather than the style, which is pompous, affected, and
unsuitable to history.

1. The name has sometimes the prsenomen Publius. There is an anonymous life, which is ancient — See D. G. M.'ller, Diss, de
Valer. Maximo. Alt. 1681. 4.—Fabricius, Bibl. Lat. ii. 49.

2. The title of the work is Factorum dictorumque memorabilium lihriix. ad Tih. Cces.
Ausustum. The titles of the chapters are considered to be the work of grammarians
and copyists, not of the author. There is a fragment, entitled de nominihus, of an
abridgment of the Annals of Valerius of Antium (cf. § 511), made by Julius Paris,
which is usually annexed to this work, and in some copies as a tenth book. — There is
an abridgment of the work of Valerius Maximus, by the same Juhus Paris, lately
published by Mai.

Blhr, 420 —Scholl, ii. 364. — Kapp, pref. to his ed. below cited.— The abridgment of Paris is given in A. Mii, Script, vet. nova
Collectio. Rom. 182?. 4 —An abridgment by a later writer, Jnnuarius Nepotianus, is mentionel ; Januar. Nepot. Epitoma, &c
Cellis 1831. 4.— Another was made in the 15th century by /. Hmorius ; published, Lpz. 1503. 4.

3. Editions.— Best ; /. Knyp. Lpz. 1782. 8.— G. B. Hdfrecht. Strassb. 1806. 2 vols. S.—C. B. Hose. Par. 1822. 8. in Lematrei
Bibl. Lat.— Most celebrated of earlier, A. Torrenius. Leyd. 1726. A.—Chr. Cokrus. Francof. 1627. 8. collated with twenty MSS
by Gudius. Cf. Fabricius, Bibl. Lat. ii. b6.~Princeps, by Mentelin (printer). Argent, without date (about 1470) fol.

4. Translations.— Germau.—C. £. Weifp/ioZ. Lemg. 1780. 8— tfj/mann. Stultg. 1829. 8. French.— C. ./J fremion, LaU

6 Gall. Par. 1828. 3 vols. S.—Tarboicher. Par. 1713. English.— Speed. Lond. 1678. 8.

^ 534. Caius Cornelius Tacitus, born in the reign of Nero, flourished in the latter
Dart of the first century, and was Roman consul under Nerva. He was celebrated
80



034 HISTORY OF ROMAN LITERATURE.

while young for his eloquence at the bar. His historical writings are characterized by
lemarkable political acumen, a noble freedom of spirit, a judicious arrangement of cir-
cumstances in narration, and very great richness of thought together with the most
condensed brevity of expression. It is much to be regretted, that his most important
works have come down to us only in an imperfect state. Of his History, which ex-
tended from the death of Nero to the death of Domitian, w^e have but five books, con-
taining httle more than the events of a single year. Of his Annals, which extended
from the death of Augustus to that of Nero, we have only the first six books, and the
books from the eleventh to the sixteenth inclusive ; and of these, the 5th and the 16th
are incomplete. We have from him also a treatise on the manners of the Germans;
and a life of Agricola, his father-in-law, which is a masterpiece of biography. The
dialogue on the^decUne of eloquence, before noticed (§ 415), has been ascribed to Taci-
tus, but without sufficient grounds.

1. Tacitus was born, it is supposed, at Interamna, about A. D. 47 or 50. He was
educated at Massilia. He began to rise in office under Vespasian, and gained the
highest honors of the state'. He is supposed to have survived the emperor Trajan,
who died A. D. 117. Marcus Claudius Tacitus, who became emperor A. D. 276,
claimed to be a descendant^ of the historian.

I /. Lipmis, Tac. vita.— D. G. Moller, Diss, de Tacilo. Alt. 16S4. 4.-7. S. Gestrich, Diss, de vita et script. Tac. Lund. 1805.
8.— G. IV. BUticher, Prole?, de Taciti vita, &c. iu his Lexicon, cited Ijelow.— A". Bach, Corn. Tac. eine biogr. UntersucliuDg. Sulz.
1831.— Br'jfie?-, in his edition and La Blaterie, in his translation below cited.— ,J. Murphy, Essay on the Life and Genius of Tacitus,
prefixed to his translation. ^Cf. Fopisc. vit. Claud. Tac. 10.

2. The Latin titles of the wnriis above named are the following: Historiarum libri; Jimialea,
or as in some MSS. Mctorum seu ^c^iomivi diurnalium etc. libri ; Vita Atrricola ; De situ, moribus,
populisqiie Otrmavia. Besides these, we find mention made of his orations, Oratiunes, and of a
wori< called Liber Facetiaruvi ; which are wholly lost. Tacittis had a design (cf. Ann. iii. 24) to
write a history of the reign of Augustus, but seems never to have executed it.— The Antials and
History are not parts of the same work, although the latter commences where the former termi-
nates (Aul. Gell Noct. Alt. v. 18).— The Annals consisted originally of 16 books ; the History of
14 books ; hence Jerome {Comment in Zachar. 14) speaks of the thirty volumes of Tacitus.

On Tacitus as a biographer ; ITalcK in pref. to his ed. of Asricola belon- cited.— (fWrmaiin, in his trans, below cited. On his

historical works; Bdhr, i2d.—Scholl, ii. 367,ss.— Lipriits, Epist. ad Maximil. II. Imper. before his notes to Tac—/. Htll, Essays
on the Princ. of Hist. Compos, with an application to Tacitus, in Transactions of Slji/. Soc. of Edinb. 1786. vol. i. S6, ISl. Transl.
into Germ, by Buhle. Gntt. 17«9. 8. ; into Ital. with an Appecdii:. Pad. 17S9. S.—H. L. Meierotto, de Taciti moribus. Berl. 1790.
fol.— By same, Progr. de fonlibus, quibus Tacitus, &c. Berl. 1795. fol.—D. H. Ht^twisch, (Iber den schriftstell Charakt. des Tac
in h s Hir.torisch. und literar. .iufsalz. Kiel, 1801. S.— r. Hunter, Observ. on Tacitus. Lend. 1752. S.—F. Rath, Ueber Thucydidea

und Tacitus, verdeichende Betrachtungen, &c. Monich. ISI2. 4.— Especially Frisbic, in his Remains, p. 31. On the credibility

of Tacitus; R. C. Earth, Diss, de dubia Tac fide. Jen. 1719.— .tf. Justus, De file Taciti. Zittau. 1827. 8.— G. A. Jimdt, Disp.
quatenus Tac. de Gemi. libello fides sit tribuenda. Lpz. 1775. A.—VolUl, de fontibus, unde Tac. qua; de Germ. trad, hauserit, Sc

Marb. I7S9. 8. On the charge of impiety made against him ; Strada, in his Piolu^. Acaiemicx. Agripp. Col. 1617.— ff. Wolf,

Dedivina muudi moderatione e mente C. C. Taciti. Fuld. 1830. 8.— j«. J. Kynaslon, C. C. Tacitus a falso impietalis crimine vin-

dicatus. Oxf. Ib72. i.—S:dudlin, aber die Philosophie des Tacitus, in his Geschichte und Gei't des Skepticismus On his style;

Hill, as above cite!.— M. Lundilad, De Slilo Taciti. Lund. 1789.—/. G. Buhle, De C. C. Tac. stilo Obs crilicse. Bruns. 1SI7.—
fVemicke, De elocutione Taciti. Thorun. 1829. i.—Roth, Tac synonyma et per figuram Iv did d'uoiv dicta. Norinib. 1826. — Mur»
phy. Essay, &c., already cited.— G. fValchius, Djatr. de Tac. ejusdemque stilo, given in Hauff's ed. of Tac Lpz. 1714. 2 vols. 8.

3. There is an interesting passage in Tacitus CAnn. xv. 44) respecting the persecu-
tion of Christians by Nero, which lurnishes an early profane testimony to the credibi-
liiy of the gospel.

See £. GiUo}i-s Remarks on this passage, in his Dec. and Fall of Ram. Emp. ch. nvl— Monthly Rev. June, 1796. p. 199.— CA,
A. TiuUr, Exerc. historico-critica de Mar'yribus Christianis, &c. Bruns. IIU.— Foley, Evidences of Christianity, pt. i. ch. 2.—
Murphy, Note on the passage, in his Transl.

4. Editions.— Whole Works. Ranked among the best; G. Brotier. Par. 1776. 7 vols. 12. and 4 vols. 4.; it contains Slip.
plemaits by Brotier to supply the lost books of the Annals; also Disserta'ions. Repr. EJinb. 1796. 4. Lend, (by Falpy) 1823. 4
voU. ^.—J- J. Oberlin. Lpz. 1801. 2 vols. 8. Repr. Oxf. 1813. 4 vol.. 8. Lond. 1S23. 4 vols. 8.— / A'aztrfeJ. Par. 1 8 1 9. 5 vols. 8.

in LemairtH BM. Lal.-G. H. IValther. Lpz. IS31. 4 vols. 8.—//?.. Behker. Lpz. 1831. 2 vols. 8. Later editions; F. Ritler.

Bonn, 1834-36. 2 vols. 8.— A'. Bach. Lpz. 1836. 2 vols 8.— G. A. Ru^erti, Hann. 1834. 4 vols. 8. " annotatione perprtua triplicique

indice" ; the annotations or commentary may be purchased separately. More celebrated among earlier editions ; /. 4- A. Gronov.

Traj. ad Rhen. 1721. 2 vols. 4.— X Lipsius. Antw. 1600. fo\.—Pli. 1^-oaldus. Rom. 1515. fol. ; in this, the first five books of the
Annals were printed for the first time, from a MS. purchased by Leo X. The Princeps (as supposed), by Find. Spira. Ven. 1470.

foj. Agricola & Germany have been printed separately veiy often; G. L. IValch, Agricola. Berl. 1828. 8. Germania.

Berl. 1829. 8.- X H- Bekker, Agricola. Hamb. 1826. 8.—/. Grimm, Germany, with extracts from other parts of Tac. pertaining
to Germany. Gott. 1835. S.—E. H. Barker, Germany & Agricola. Ivonu, 1324. 12.— C. K. Dillaway, Bost 1841. 12. with the Dial,

dj Oral. These treatises are often united with the H i s t o r y, to lorm a text-book for schools ; one of the best, is /. K., New

Haven, lf-27. 12. ccntaining also the Dialnsxu on eloquence. — For other editions of the D i a I o g u e, cf. § 415. 4.

5. Trinslalions.— German— Best; C. F. Bahrdt. Hal. 1781. 2 vols. i.—Fr. k. von SIrombech. Braunschw. 1816. 3 vols. 8.—

That of K L. t)P»i Woltmann, Berl. 181 1. 6 vols. 8. is considered inelegant, but valued for its notes and dissertations. French,

—La Blelterie {!f J. H. DottevtUe). Par. 1799. 7 vols. S.—Dur. de La MuXU, or ijamalU (Lat. & Gall, with the supplements of
brotier, transl. by A'oel). Par. 1S27. 6 vols. 8.—/. L. Burnouf {IsX. & Gill.) ?v 1833. 6 vols. ^.—C. L. F. Panckoucke (LaL &

GaU.) Par. 1830. 6 vols. 8. English.— Best, Arthur Murphy. Lond. 1793. 4 voU. 4. with an Essay on the life, ic. and notes

SHpiileminis, and maps ; often reprinted ; Boston, 18-22. 6 vols. 8. Phil. 1842. in one vol. 8. with a fine bust of Tacitus.— There
had be.-n three earlier translations; S:r H. SavHie 4; K. Greneuag. Loud. 1708.2 vol. to}.— Dryden, with others. Lond. ICM.
3 vol^. e.—T. Gordon. Lond. 1731. 2 vols. fol. with political discourses on Tac. Cf. Crit. Rev. June 1798.— J. Aiktn, G.Tmaiiy
and Aericola. Loud. 1778. 8.



p. V. HISTORIANS. CURTIUS. FLORUS. SUETONIUS. 635

6. Illustrative:— Although so many references have been given, we select a few of the multitude that mi?ht be added.— G. C. Ge-
bauer, Vestigia juris Germanic! in C. C. Tac Germania, «JC. Goll. 1766. 8.— G. BSUicJier, Lexicon Tacireum. Berl. 1S30. 8 —
E. Ftrlel, Obserialions, &c. sur les hisioires de Tacile (with the Lat. text). Par. 1801. 2 vols. 12. « avec 6 cartt^s."- .5. Hoffmeultr,
Die Weltanschauung des Tacitus. Ess. 1831. 8.

'Ji 535. Quinfus Curtius Evfus, of whom little is known, probably lived about the
middle of the first century, perhaps at a later period ; so uncertain, however, is this,
that some critics, although without reason, have hesitated to class him among the an-
cient authors. He wrote a history of the adiievemcnls of Alexander, in 10 books. The
first two books and some other portions are wanting ; Bruno, Freinsheim, and Cella-
rius, have attempted to supply these parts. The manner of Curtius diflers very much
from the noble simplicity of most of the Greek and Roman historians, and olten sinks
into the e.xtravagant and romantic. His style is too elaborate and too much ornamented.
Yet his narrative is agreeable and entertaining.

1. Different critics have assigned Curtius to different eras; the reign of Augustus,
Tiberius, Claudius, Vespasian, Trajan, Constantine, and Theodosius, have each been
advocated.

J. Vosmis, De Hist. Lat. cited § 527. I.— D. G. Moller, Disp. de Curtii Etate. Alt. 1683. i.—BagnoU), Delle eente Curzia et
dell' eta di Q. Curzio. Bnlogn. 17'11.— ^. Hirt, Uber das Leben des Q. C. Rufus. Berl. IS20. 8.—Buttmann, Uber das l.eben, etc
(written with reference to Hirt's treatise just cited). Berl. 1820. 8.— G. Pinzger, Qber das Zeitaller des Q. C. R. in Seebode's ArcUiv
f Jr Philolo^e und Pidagogik. 1824.— B. Niel^uhr, Kl. Schriften. Bonji. 1828. 8.

2. The work of Curtius, De reJms geslis Alexandri masni, is considered as not pos-
sessing strict historical truth. The author is supposed to nave followed Greek writers,
who had adorned the story of Alexander with fabulous additions or exaggerations. —
The Idters published under the name of Curtius, are wholly a fabrication made by
Hugo Rugerius.

Scholl, ii. 3S3.—Biihr, 444. — Perizrmiw, Curtius Rufus restitutus et vindicatus. Lugd. Bat. 1703. 8— S(. Croix, Examen, &c
cited § 235. — J. J. Sartorius. Curtius Rufus a quorund. reprehens. defensus. Erl. 1773. 8. — J. Ronk, Le Clerc's criticism on Q.

Curt. &c. pref. to his Transl. of Arrian, cited § 250. 4. On the style ; G. L. Waldi, Meletem. crit. specimen. Jena, 1809. 4.—

/. H Emtsti, usurpata a Curlio in partic. Latinitas. Lpz. 1719. — Cunzf, in his ed. below cited. Respecting the pretended let-
ters, cf. Fabriciiis, Bibl. La', iii. 355.— Harles, Brev. Not. Suppl. ii. 18.— ScAoiZ, ii. 3S7.— They were first published by Ruseriiu.
Reg. Lep. 1500 4. in five bnnks.

3. Editions- B?sl; H. Siiihmbiirg. Lued. Bat. 1724. 4.—/. T. Kume. Helmst. 1st vol. published 1802. 8. whether com-
pleted, not known.— /.ematrc P,->r. 3 vols. 8. in the Bibl. Lat. Class.— Good, F. Schmiedcr. Gott. 1804. 2 vols. S.—.i. B^tum-

Clark. Stuttg. IS29. 3 \oK 8. iu ZelVs Lat, Classics.—/. MUlzdl. Berl. 1841. 2 vols. 8. with Germ, notes ; for schools. The

Supplements alluied to ahnve were given in the following : C. Bruno. Bas. 1545. fol. Lugd. 1584. 12.—/. FnHruheim. Argent
16 JO. 2 vf.ls. S.-Ch. CtUarius. Lpz. 1688. 12.

4. Ti-anshtions.- German.— /. f'/i. Osttrtag. Frankf. 1799. 2 vols. 8. French.— rattfi-cZa*. Par. 1647. 4. V. is said to have

devo'ed thirty years to this translation, and to have left his corpse to the surgeons for the benefit of his creditors (Wlsradi's Curios.

of i;\\.).—Atie.S,-Jl'v>t- Trognon, (Lat. & Gall.). Par. 1S28. 3 vols. 8. English.— TA. Codrington. Lond. 1652. A.—J.Digby.

Lond. 1714. 12. revised by W. Young. Lond. 1747. 2 vols. 12.

<5. 536. Lucius AnncBus Florus, a native of Gaul probably, or of Spain according to
the opinion of some, lived at the close of the first century and beginning of the second.
He composed an Epitome of Roman History, in four books, extending from the founding
of the city until the general peace under Augustus. His style is not marked by any
very uniform or fixed character ; it rises sometimes far above the limits of prose, and
is not unfrequently overloaded with the decorations of idle learning.

1. A modern critic has maintained that this person was the same with the Julius
Florus, who was the friend of Horace (cf Ep. i. 3. ii. 2). But he is commonly sup-
posed to have written in the reign of Trajan.

Ft. N. Tilze, De Epit. Rer. Rom. quae sub. nom. L. Ann. Flor. fertur, jetate, etc Line. 1804. 8.—D. G. Mo'Jer, Disp. de L. Ann.
Floro. Alt. 1684. i.—Duher, in his ed. below cited.

2. The work of Florus is entitled Epitome de Ge.^tis Komanorum, or Eerum Eoma-
narum Lihri IV. It has been called a eulogium on th« Romans, rather than a history.
'I'he division into four periods, infancy, youth, manhood, and old age, is ascribed to
transcribers by some critics, who suppose the author to have made but three divisions.
— The abridgment of Livy, Argumenta librorum historice Liviancs, is commonly
ascribed to this author, but not with certainty.

Bdhr, 452.— ffetnfze, De Floro non bistorico sed rhetore. Vim. 1787.— C. H. Hausotier, Diss, de suspect. Flori fide. Lpz. 1747. 4.

3. Editions.— Best, C. A. Duker, 2J"ed. Lugd. Bat. 1744. 2 vols. S. Repr. Lpz. 1832. 2 vols. S.—F. N. Tilze. Prag. 1819. 8.
— /. jJ. Amar. Par. 1S22. 8. —That of /. F. Fischer. Lpz. 1760. 8. is good.— There are four editions, two in quarto and two iii
folio, printed without date or name of place, probably abnut 1470 ; which of them is the Princeps is doubtful.

4. Translations.— German.— C. F. Krelschrtiann. Lpz. 1785. 8. French —./Jiie Paul. Par. 1774. 12 — J. L. Bel. Par.

1776. 1-2 English.—/. Davies. Lond. 1667. 8.—/. Clarke. York, 1727. 8 ; often repr.—/. Sterling. Lond. 1738. 8.

5. Since the edition cf Salmasius (Liiffd. Bat. 1638. 12), Florus has usually been accompanied
with the Liher Memorialis of Lucius Ampdius, a writer who lived perhaps under Theodosius, bui
of whom little is known; this work consists of excerpts pertaining to astronomy, geography,
and history, from various writers (cf. $ 421).

Ampelius has been edited separately ; C. H. Tzschucke. Lpz. 1793. 8.— f. A. Buk. Lpz. 1826. 8.

% 537. Cuius Suetonius Tranquillus, a grammarian, riietorician, and lawyer ai
Rome, flourished about the same time. Like Tacitus he was a friend of the younger



636 HISTORY OF ROMAN LITERATURE.

Pliny. His lives of the first twelve CcBsars have the merit of candid impartiality, con-
scientious love of truth, and an admirable copiousness in the exhibition of important
circumstances. They are marked also by an easy and simple style. Yet there is a
vi'ant of historic art in the arrangement. Besides the work just named, we have from
him some smaller critical and biographical pieces, on distinguished grammarians, rhe-
toricians, and poets ; he v^-rote other works, whose titles only are known.

1. Under Hadrian, Suetonius was private secretary (Magister epistolarttm), but lost
the office, it is said, because he was wanting in respect to the empress Sabina. The
time of his death is not known.

Of. Plin. Ep. i. IS, 24 ; v. 11 ; ix. 34; x. 95, 96.— 5«cfon. Olh. 10 ; Ner. 57 ; Dom. 12.— Z). G. MuUer, Diss, de Suetonio. Alt.
16S5. 4.

2. The imperial biography of Suetonius is entitled VitcB XIL imperatornm ; in some
MSS. it is divided into eight books, the lives of Juhus Caesar, Augustus, Tiberius, Cali-
gula, Claudius, and Nero, forming each one book ; those of Galba, Otho, and Vitellius,
the seventh; and those of Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian, the eighth. The situation
which the author held at the imperial court gave him access to the best authorities and
sources of information. — The work entitled De illustribus grammaticis, is said to have
been a part of a larger work, De viris illustribus; to which also belonged perhaps
another piece that is partly preserved unto us, entitled De claris rhetoribus. There are
extant several other biographies, which have been commonly ascribed to Suetonius,
and which may have belonged to a more complete work De poetis ; viz. Vita Terentii,
— Horatii, — Fersii, — Lucani, — Juvenalis. The piece styled Vita Plinii is not allowed
to be the production of Suetonius.

Bdhr, 450.— f. A. L. Schwciger, de fon'ibus alq. auctorit. Vit. xii. Suetonii. Goft. 1930. 4.—E Burton, in his Ancient Charae
ters, &c. cited § 532. 2.— A. Browne, Ess. on the Compar. authentic, of Tacitus and Suetonius. &c. iu Transact, of Royal Irish Aca
detny; also in his Miscdlaneaus Sketches, &c. Dubl. 1798. 8.— G. H. Wallher, Obs. in Sueon. vitas Cassarium. Tor?. 1813. S—
R. Kravte, De fontibus et auctoriu'e Suetonii. Berl. 1831. 8.—/. Geel, De Ruhnken's scholia in Sueton. Vit. Cass. Lugd. 1836. 8.

3. There is a passage in the life of Claudius (c. 25) in which Suetonius states that the Jews
were banished from Rome because they were seditious under the instigations of a certain Chres-
tvs. This has occasioned an inquiry, of some interest, whether Suetonius here refers lo Jesus
Christ.

p. C. Hilschar, Programma de Chresto, cujus menlionem facit Suetonius. Lips, (sine anno). — G. C. Oettel, De Judseis, iiripulsore
Chresto, &c. Siif. 1799.— H. T. Tschimer, On allusious to Christianity in Greek and Romaa writers; traiisl. by H, B. Hachett, io
the Bibl. Repos. vol. xi. p. 2C3.

4. Editions.- Whole Worts. Best ; Ph. Burmann. Amsf. 1736. 2 vols. 4.-v4 fTo'/. Lpz. 1802. 4 vols. 8.-0. if. jr.
Baumgnrlen-Ctusius. Lpz. Ibl6-18. 3 vols. 8. the 3 1 vol. incluuini a Clavis.—J. H. Brcmi. Zar. 1820. 8. with Germ, notes.—

G H LUne^numi. Hann. 1S24. 8. " in scholaruni usum."— C. B. Hast. Par. 1828. 2 vols. 8. Best of earlier editions ; /. G.

Grsevius. Traject. 1703. 4. containing the conjmentary nf C. Patinus, who published Sueton. illustraied from coins. Bis. 1675. 4.

— S. Pitiscus. Leov. (Leuwarden), 1714. 2 vols. 4.— The Princeps. by Phil, de Lignamine (as is supposed). Rom. 1470. fol.

Select Lives ; H. Paldam. Hal. 1S29. 8.— Fi7a Hrralii, by F.. J. Richter (cf. § 306. 1).

.5. Tran'lations.— German.— A'. G. Eichhbff. 1821. 8. French.- .Waunc« Uvesipu (Lat. & Gall.). Par.1807. 2 vols. i.—Di

GoZicry (Lat. & Gail.). Par. 1832-33. 3 vols. 8. E:igiibh. Phikm. Holland. Lond. 1606. fol.-^ai. Hugha. Lend. 1717.

2 vo's. \2.—John Clarke (I^t. & Eng.). J^nd. 1732 8. 2d ed. 1739. 8.— Dr. Al. Thomson. Lond. 1796. 8. with observaliona od
the Government and Literature of the different periods. Cf. Mom, Bibliojr. ii. 637.

§ 538. Jiisti?nis, who is supposed to have lived in the second century under the An-
tonines, wrote an abridgment of the Universal History of Trogus Pompeius. Trogus
was a native of Gaul, and lived under Augustus ; his larger work is lost. The abridg-
ment of Justin is in 44 books, extending from Ninus to Augustus. The style is not
destitute of merit, and the work is highly entertaining in its character.

1: Nothing is known respecting the life of Justin ; his name is sometimes given 31.
Junianus Justinus, and sometimes Justinus Frontinus.

D. G. Moller, Diss, de Justine. Alt. 1684. 4 J. H St. Rzesiiiski, De Justino Trogi Pomp, epitomatore. Cracov. 1S26. 8.

2. The Epitome of Justin is entitled Historiaruvi Philippicarum et totius mundi et
terrce situs, ex Trogo Pompeio excerplarum libri xliv. '1 he subjects of the several
books are stated by SchoU. Much ot the original work of Trogus seems to have been
drawn from Greek authors^, especially from Theopompus (cf '5' 233). — There are Pro-
logi to the several books of the history, which are supposed to be the work not of
Justin, but of some ancient grammarian^.

« Scholl. Litt Rom. iii. i40.—Bahr, 410.—/. G. Gatterer, Plan des Trosrus, &c, in the Allgemeine IKstor. Bibliothek. vol. 3d.
Hal. 1767. S.— Koch's Proleg. cited § 233.— A. H. I., Heeren, De Trog. Pomp, ejusque epitomatoris font, et auctorilate in the

Commejit. Soda. reg. scient Golting. vol. xv. 1803. a G. H. Grauert. Trog. Pomp, hist Philipp. prologi. Monaster.

1827. 8.

3. Editions.— Best ; Abr. Grmiomiu, ii ed. Lugd. Bat. 1760. 8. Repr. ed. C. A. Frotscher. Lpz. 182S 3 vols. 8.^, F. Fischer.

Lpz. 1757. 8.- C. F. fVetzel. Leign. 1806. 8.— -V. Lemaire. Par. 1823. 8. There are other recent editions; J. Seiht. Prag.

IHTn.S—F. DUbner. hpz. \S3U S.~The Princeps, by Jenson (pr.). Rom. 1470. 4.

4. ']'raiislations.-German.— /. P. Oslertag. Frankf. 1792. 2 vols. 8. French.— .9i6e Favier. Par. 1737. \2 —AbU Paul.

Far. 1774. IS05. 1817. 2 vols. 12. with notes, and geograph. Diet. English -Arthur Golding. Lond, 1564. 4. — Phil. Holland.



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