Johann Joachim Eschenburg.

Manual of classical literature : from the German of J.J. Eschenburg, with additions online

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of, 169

Adoption amoiiz Romans, 288

Adoration, origin of the word,
237

Adrastia, 117

Adrian or Hadrian, 490

Adnlis, monument of, 348

Adultery, punished by Greeks,
220; by Romans, 260

iEacus, 100

.^.amides, 459

.Ecastor, 136

JKdepol, 136

iEdiles, Roman, 219

yEetes, 135

J3"ina, school of, 3S9 ; marbles
discovered at, 389, 397

JSsis of Minerva, 104

jEgos Potomos, battle of, 74

^lian Claudius, 519, 527, 533,
540

^lius, Aristidcs, 490, 492 ; He-
rodianus, 497; Moeris, 496,
498; Lampridius,638: Do-
natus. 569,597, 599 ; Sparti-
anus.63S; Marcianus, 645

.Eiurus, 124

^Emilius Macer,562,578; Scau-
rus, 556, 625

^neas, in Italy, 359

^olus, 116

iEschines, orator, 484, 489, 502 ;

philosopher, 512
.Eschylus, 45S, 472, 474

^Escuiapius, oracles of, 166, 117,

536
^Esop, fabulist, 454, 510; Ro-
man actor, 557
iEsthetics. 381

674



JEtiiis, 537

iEtolia, confederacy of, 193

Afranius. 556, 557

Agamemnon, 137

Agate, vessels made of, 401 ;

of Tiberius, 408
Agatharcides, 519
Acaihemerus, 519
Asathius, 456,528,5.35
A sat ho, 459

Age, respect paid to, 159
Ages, four of Roman literature,

549
Aglaia, 107
Agriculture, antiquity of, 309;

Roman writers on, 616;

among the Greeks, 158.

212; among the Romans,

264, 616
Aiirippa, M. Vipsanius, 615, 626
Aerippina, her memoirs, 628
Ajax, 137
Alabaster, 221, 401
Alanus, author of the ^nti-

Claudianus, 5"*5
Alaric, master of Rome, 79, 225

breviary of, 6 16
Alban mount, 283
Albricus, 623
Alcaeus, 452, 455
Alceste, 131

Alchimy, Greek works on, 538
Alcibiades. 484
Alciphron, 502
Alcmaion, 136
Alcinan, 452,455
Aldine Classics. 649
Aldobrandine festival, a paint-

ine, 415
Alexander, Aphrodisaus, 606;

poet, 453, 459; physician,

537
Alexander, on a cameo, 407;

hisc"tfln,221; histories of,

527, 620
Alexandria, library of, 339;

seat of letters, 341
Alexis, 460
Alfius Flavus, 564
Alfred, translator of Boethius,

614
Algebra, whence so named, 521
Alhambra, 431
Allegorv, in the arts of design,

380,' 384
Almasest. origin of the title, 523
Aloides. 100 "
Alphabet. Cherokee, 316; Per-

sepnlitan, 316; Siamese.

315; Greek, 328; Roman,

359, 362
Alphabetical writing, origin of,

313.317
Altars, Grecian, 148, 160; Ro-
man, 230 ; Roman, in Eng-
land, 230
Amateur, distinguished from

connoisseur, 360
Amazons, 131
Ambrose, 561,608
America, whether known to

the ancients, .57; languages

of, 326



Amethyst, 400, 403
Ammianus Marcellinus, 637
Ammon, 95, 165
Amumnius, grammarian, 498;

philosopher, 509
Amor and Psyche, fable of, 612
Amor, or Cupid, 106
Ampelius, 597,635 ''
Amphiaraus, temple of, 28
Amphictyon, 133
Amphictyonic Council, 183,

Amphion, 102, 1.36

Amphitheatres, Roman, 246

Amulets, 403

Amusements, of Greeks, 159,
207, 214; of Romans, 242,
247. 295

Amyntas, his coins, 351

Atiacharsis. 501

Anacreon, 4.^2, 455. 470

Analysis logical, 440

Analytical and synthetical stu-
dy of languages, 438

Anaxagoras, 505

Anaximander, 505

Anaximenes, 505

Ancients and moderns, com-
parative merits of, 319

Ancvra. monument of, 372

Andocides, 484, 486

Andromachus.639

Andromeda, 133

Anrironicus Livius, 566

Androtion, 526

Angels, ministrv of, a source
ofancienl fable, 84; fallen,
129

Anglo-Saxon Literature, 614

Annalists of Rome, 625

Annual Register, or Calendar
at Rome, 241

Anointing, 158, 209, 210

Antaeus, 134

Anteros, 106

Anthemius, architect and ma-
thematician, 518

Anthologies, 456, 564

Antias, Valerius, 625

Antigonus. ofCarystus,538,540

Antini ichus, Greek poet, 130
450, 453

Antinous, statue of. 393

Antioch, Greek letiers at, 341

Antiochus the Great, 70

Antipater, 177

Antiphanes, 46(

Aniiphon, 484, 4bb, 490

Antiquaries, Society of, 17

Antiques, 380; temple of, 391 ;
in mosaic, 396

Antiquities, classical, utility of.
143, 227

Antisthenes, 506

Antonine, column of. 395

Antoninus, Marcus, 507, 515
Liberalis, 525

Antonius Musa, 639
Orator, 587

Antony and Cleopatra, 77

Anuhis, Egyptian god, 124

Anyta, 452

Apelles, 414; his Venus, 414



GENERAL INDEX.



675



AV'fithonins, Greek sophist, 493

Apicius, 617, 622

Apion, 496

Apis, 123; supposed a symbol
of Joseph, 124

Apocrypha, Old Testament,
541 ; New Testament, 543

Apolliiiaiis. 560, 604

Apollo, 100 ; Belvidere, 101,
3P2; tPR-ples of, 18, 101,
421 ; oracle of. 165

Apollodonis, 414, 455,461,491,
519.524

Anolloiiiii, school at, 341

Apolloriiis, RhoHius, 150, 479;
Pyscoliis, 496, 497, 541 ;
Perpaeiis,51S, 521 ; Sophis-
tes, 496, 496; Tyanensis,
509, 534

Apologies of the early Fathers,
544, 545

Apologue. 454

Apostle Gems, 404

Apostles' Greed, 543

Apostolic Fathers, 542

Apotheosis, of heroes, 133; Ro-
man emperors, 122, 137, 304

Apparel, common, 157
milirary, 154

Appian, 533

Appins, Gains, lives by, 628

Apnleius, 589,605,612

Aquamarine, 400, 402

Aqueducts, Roman, 19, 618; at
Spoletrnm, 10

Aquila Romanus, 593

Aquitanus, 628

Arabesque, 431

Arachne, 104

Ararat, Mt., ascended by Par-
rot, 46

Aratus, 455, 479, 527

Arbela, battle of, 70

Arbitrators, at Athens, 186; at
Rome, 259

Arhorius, 561

Arcadius, 496

ArchEeoloiry, 320

Archaestratus, 454

Archaj;athus, 537,639

Archelaus, 505

Arches. remains of ancient, 395,
431; triumphal, 10, 19

Arehias. 456

Archiaier, 639, 640

Archigenes, 537

Archilochus, 452, 454, 468

Archimedes, 518, 520; tomb of,
223, 520

Architects, Greek, 427 ; Ro-
man, 427.

Architecture, ancient. 416; re-
mains of, 429, 430'; on his-
tory and theory of, 430 ;
Effyptian,419 ; in Asia Mi-
nor, 420; of Hebrews, 420;
use of colors in, 413; his-
tory of Greek, 421 ; Ro-
nian,427; Hindoo,426; Ro-
manesque, 431 ; Chinese,
&c., 431 ; Asiatic, 418 ;
three branches of, 419 ;
five orders of, 423 ; differ-
ent styles, 431 ; of Greek
houses, 158, 210; Tulte-
can and Cyclopean, 420

Architrave, 424

Archons, 151, 176, 177, 180

Arcbytas, 505, 518

Arctiirns, rising of mentioned
bv Hesiod, 65

AreopaL'us, 32. 177, 184

Aretseus, 537, 539

Argonauts, 135; sphere made



for them, by Chiron, 64;
pictures cf, &:c., 98

Argos, oracular shrine at, dis-
covered by Clarke, 164;
constitution of, 193

Argus, 108

Ariadne, 109, 135

Aristsenetus, 502

Aristarchus, critic, 496; mathe-
matician, 518

Aristias, 461

Aristides, statue of, 394

Aristipptis, 506

Aristophanes, poet, 460, 476;
erammarian, 330, 496

Aristotle, 490, 491, 508, 513, 538,
540; library of, 604

Arithmetic, very ancient, 318

Armies, Grecian, 153; Roman,
271 ; attendants of Roman,
277

Armor, ancient, 153, 194, 274

Arnobius. 60S

Arrian,515, 519, 532

Arrow-headed letters, 316

Arruntius, 626

Arsacps, 71

Arsaclda?, 71

Art, distinguished from science,
379

Artemidorus, 496,538

Artisans, Roman, 263

Artists, the three employed by
Alexander, 404, 405"; emi-
nent Greek, 389, 390 ; Phoe-
nician, models for Greeks,
327

Arts, their origin, 309, 310 ; imi-
tative, 310; magical, 240;
mechanical and fine, 379;
time of their highest excel-
lence in Greecp, 390; the
mechanic, at Rome, 263,
264 ; fine, at Rome, 391 ;
decline of, 391, 405; schools
of, 389

Arundelian marbles, 346

Asclepiad.s, 452, 536, 639

Asconius Pedianns. 596, 598

Ashes of the dead, 221

Ashtaroth or Astarte, 106

Asia, early residence of man,
311, 319 .

Asinius, Gallus, 564
Pollio, 556, 626

Assemblies, of the Romans or
Coniitia, 257 ; Greeks, 183,
190

Assyrian empire, 69

Astfsea, 117

Astrologers, 240

Astronomy, origin of, 318 ;
Greek, 518, 519, .'^23

Asylum, privileges of, 162

Atel,5

Athanasius, character of, by
Viilemain, 545

Athenjeus, 490, 493, 518

Athenagoras, 544

Athenenm, or schola Romana,
366; Boston, 375, 397,408

Athens, suppression of her
schools, 341 ; origin of
name, 104; system of edu-
cation, 335 ; citizens of,
178 ; government of, 151,
177 ; political history, 72,
142, 151, 177; topography
of. 28, 178 ; magistrates of,
180; revenues and expen-
ditures, 181, 182 ; senate
and assemblies, 183, 184

Athletics, Greek system of, 175

^lists and £lists, 437



Atlantides, 114, 134

Atlas, 133, 134

Atmosphere personified, 94

Atoms, of the Eleatics, 508

Alridse, 136

Attalus,his library, 339

Attica, ancient treatises on, 526

Attila, leader of the Huns, 79

Attius, 555

Atys, 93

Auction, 268

Augurs, Roman, 233

Augustine, 598, 605, 608

Auguslulus, 79

Augustus, patron of letters,

368, 369 ; head of on a

gem, 407; author, 556,626;

master of Egypt, 71
Aulus Gellius, 597, 598

Hirtius, 629

Sabinus, 576
Aurelian,49*
Aurelius, Marcus, triumphal

sacrifice of, 395 ; statue of,

394
Aurelius Prndentius, 5S5

Victor, 636
Aurora, 114

Ausonian or Oscan dialect, 361
Ausonius Magnus, 560, 561, 564,

584
Auspices, 233
Auto-biography, Roman, 625,

628
Autolycus, 518
Auxiliary troops of Romans

277
Avatars or incarnations of

Vishnu, 95
Avianus, Flavins, 563, 583
Avienus, Rufus Festus, 479

563, 583
Axuiu, monument of, 348



Babel, confusion of tongues at,

324; builders of, 125
Babrius, 454, 455, 563
Babylon, founding of, 69; walls

of, 52, 69, 114; commerce

of, 212
Bacchanalian decree, 372
Bacchus, 109; festivals of, 169,

336; theatre of, 422; cave

of, 33
Bacchylides, 452
Bachelors, tax on. 262, 266
Balbec, ruins of, 50
Balbi, statues of the, 394
Balhillus, 627
Ball, ornament worn by Roman

youth, 299; playing with,

216
Ballads of the Romans, 555
Ballets, 558

Banishment, 187, 191,260
Bankers at Rome, 17, 2C3
Banquets, literary, 337, 366;

evening, 295 ; of Greeks,

157
Barberini or Portland Va^5e, 35?
Bards, Grecian, 327
Bark, material for writing, 331
Barnabas, 542

Bartlow Hills, remains at, 387
Basil the Great, 341, 547
Basilides, 403
Basilius, 490
Bas-reliefs, distinguished from

statues, 381 ; materials and

subjects of. 382, 384; re-
mains of, 394, 395
Bassus, Aufidius, 626 ; Cassia-

nus, 538 ; Cacsius, 660, 56-3



676



GENERAL INDEX.



Bathins, among Greeks, 158,

208; among Romans, 293
Baths, construction of, 209, 428
Bathyllus, 558
Bittering-rani, 2S1
Battle, Greek order of, 154,
197; manner of commenc-
ine, 197, 193; Roman order
of, 275, 278; at sea, 282;
Hesiod's of the Titans,
Homer's of the Gods, 125

Beaks of ships, 202
Beatification of saints, origin
of, 137

Beer, Greek treatise on, 533

Beetle, gems in form of, 403

Eelisarius, 647

Bf-llerophon, 131, 133 [283

Belloria, 105, 120; temple of, 48,

Belvidere, 392

Belzoni, his entrance of a pyra-
mid, 123

Benevenlum, battle of, 76

Bentley's vases and gems, 387,
407

Berosiis, 527

Borytus, school of, 341, 369, 645

Besiesi ng, a rt of,amnng Greeks,
198 ; Romans, 280'

Betrothing before nuptials, 220

Biblical studies and writings of
early Christians, 544

Bibliographical works, 446

Bibulus, 629

Biography among the Greeks,
528 ; Romans, 628

Bion, 451, 478, 459

Bipontine editions, 649

Birds, divination by, 167

Birth-day celebrations, 337

Births, goddess over, 96

Bi-!se.\tile year, 62

Biton, 518

JJ idy of Roman law, 647

Boethius, 605. 614

Boeotia, constitution of, &c. 192

Boeotian intellect, 2S ; school of
pot-try, 4GS

Bmaparie, his column, 395;
medals, 407

Books, ancient, form of, 332,
363; earliest known, 317

Borghese Gladiator, 393

Boston, Latin School, 550 ;
Atheneum, 397

Botany, fither of ancient, 538

Boundiirii's of land, Roman,
119, 381, 617

Boxing, 17.^. 213

Brachma, Hindoo deity, 93, 95

Brass, material for ancient
arms and tools, 154

Bread, inventor and god of
kneading, 120; baking of,
263

Breast-pin found at Pompeii,
300

Breastplate of Aaron, 403

Breathings, 330

Brennus, sack of Rome by, 76

Breviary of Alaric, 646

Briareus, 125

Bricks, Roman, 263 ; Babylo-
nian, 316

Bride, Greek, 220; Roman, 287

Bridges over the Tiber, 16 ; of
Xerxes and Darius, 200

British Museum, 397

Brizn, goddess over the inter-
pretation of dreams, 167

Brokers, Roman, 263

Bronze of the ancients, 383;
bronze vessel with ena-
mels, 387



Broth, Spartan black, 191

Bruchion, 339

Brutidius Niger, 629

Brutus and Cassius, 77

Bubastis, 124

Bucolic poetry, Greek, 453;
Roman, 561

Bularchus, his painting, 410

Bull, Farnt-se, stauie of, 390, 392

Burial-places, 149, 222, 302, 303

Burial-rites, importance of
among the ancients, 223

Burning of corpses, 149, 221,
300,302; of widows, 149

Burning-glasses of Archime-
des, 520

Busts, 3*^3; of distinguished
ancients, 394

Butterfly, ancient emblem ot
the soul, 402

Byzantine historians, 528



Cabiri, mysteries of, 136
Cabirian temple, 22
Cacus, 107. 134

Cadmus, 133, 323, 328, 329 ; his-
torian, 526
Caduceus of Mercury, 108
Cfficilius Slatius, 556
Ccficulus, 107
Ceesar, Julius, 556, 601, 629;

Germanicus, 5n2, 577
Caius Melissus, 557
Calaber, Quiiitus, 4S1
Calendar, Roman, 61, 241, 630;

Gregori.m. 62
Calends, 61, 240
Caliphs, Arabian, patrons of

learning, 341
Callimachus, sculptor, 427;

poet, 452, 453, 456, 478
Callinus, 453
Calliope, 127
Callistheries, 527
Calpurnius, Titus Julius, 561,

5-<4; Flaccus, 589
Calvus, Licinius, 563
Cambridce University, studies

in, 410
Camhyses, conqueror of Egypt,

Cameo, 402, 408

Camillus, captor of Veil, 76

Camp, Grecian, 154, 197; Ho-

man,278; discipline of, 280
Campagna di Roma. 20
Campanian vases, 387
Capella, 566, 597,613
Canal of Claudius, 10, 11
CannsE, battle of, 77
Canopus, 124
Capaneus, 1,36
Caper, Flavins, 59T
Capital, 424, 426
Capital trials, Roman, 259
Capitol, Ron)an, 17, 391
Capiiolinus, Julius, 638; the

hill, 16
Captives, treatment of, 154,

155, 199
Carmen Saliare, 362
Carneades, 365, 508, 586, 604
Carriages, Roman, 266
Carthaginians, History, 71, 72

language of, 568
Caryatides, 426
Caspian gate or pass, 46
Cassander, 177
Castagnas, 21
Castalia, 127
Castanets, 218
Casting, how differing from

sculpture, 381



Castor and Pollux, 135
Castor of Rhodes, 527

Catacombs, 55, 221
Catiline, conspiracy of, 77

Cato, M. Porcius, 620 ; opposed
to Greek philosophy, 300,
639; Dionysius, 563, 5S3;
Valerius, 565

Catullus, 560, 561, 571

Cavaceppi as restorer of an-
tiques, 392

Cavalry, Greek, 24, 194, 197 j
Roman, 270, 276

Cebes, 512

Cecrops, 133, 324

Celestials, or celestial gods, 87

Celsus, Aulus Cornelius, 639,
641 ; rejecter of Christi-
anity, 544

Celtae, 359

Cement, used in Grecian sculp-
ture, 383

Cemetery, origin of term, 223

Cenotaphs, 222, 302

Censorirms, 597,598

Census, Roman, 239

Censors, Roman, 250

Centaurs, 24, 131

Centimani, 113

Cento, 571, 584

Central America, ruins of, 420

Centumvirate, 259

Cenlurial or Secular games, 243

Centuries, division of Romans
into, 252; voting by, 257

Cephalas, 456

Cephalus, 115

Ceraunia or thunder-stones,
310

Cerberus, 37, 100, 132, 221

Ceremonies of ancient wor-
ship, 147,148; nuptial, 159,
220, 287

Ceres, 110; temple and statue
of, fiiiind hv Dr. Clarke,
112; festival's of, 169

Cester or Chester, towns
whose names end in, 2S0

Cestius, pyramid of, 223, 415,
416

Cestus, girdle of Venus. 106

Cethegus Cornelius, 5b6

Chseremon, 6()6

Chaeroiiea. battle of, 74

Chairs, 212; of state, 254

Chamseleon, 458

Cliatnpollion, interpreter of
hieroglyphics, 347

Chance, person itid, 119

Chants, funeral, 221

Chares, 390

Chariots, race in, 172 ; Grecian,
153; Roman. 266

Charisius, 597, 599

Chariton, romancer, 503

Charming or fascinating, the
power of, 240

Charon, 100,221; historian, 526

Charts, chronological, 66

Charybdis, 132

Chase, 156; goddess of, 101

Cherry-trees, whence brought,
47

Children, treatment of among

Greeks, 159 ; at Sparta,

189; lesitinirtte. Sec, 220;

among Romans, 286, 287

Chil Minar, or palace of fort,

colunms, 44
Chimaera, 131
Chimneys, 210,291
Chinese, system of writing

315; architecture, 431
Chion, 502



GENERAL INDEX.



677



Chloris, 120

Choerilus, 450, 458

Choragic tripods, 33, 337

Chorairiun), in mosaic, 396

Chorus, of Greek tragedy, 176,
456; of comedy, 460; part
of the ^partanForum, 36

Chrestomatiiies, or reading-
booi<s in study of lan-
guages, 439, 442, 551

Chrestus, 636

CJiiist,year of his birth, 64,65 ;
his head on a gem, 408 ; life
of, in Greek hexameters,
431 ; pretended letter of,
543; letter describing, 637

Christian poets, early, 544, 560

Christian writings, in Greek,
542; in Latin, 647

Christianity, influence of on
literature and society, 287,
341, 369; attacks of early
pagans upon, and answers
to them, 544; allusions to
in classics, 636

Christians, how put to death
by Romans, 261 ; their
tombs 303; philosophy of,
510, 543

Chronicum Parium, 346

Chronology, classical, &c., 59,
445; systems of, 66 ; brief
outline of, 67

Chrysippus, 507

Chrysoloras, 500

Chrysosforn, John, 341, 547;
Din, 490

Churches called BasilicEB, 18

Cicero, 588, 590, 593, 594, 601,
605, 603; his table, 267

Ciceronianus, 591

f'ircensian games, 242

Cities, principal Greek, 141

Citizenship, Roman, 258

Civil affairs of Greeks, 150,
176; of Romans, 248

Civil law, body of Roman, 647

Civilization, the natural state
of man, 311 ; original seats
of, 311, 319

Classes of citizens at Athens,
177; Sparta, 188; Rome,
253, 286

Classic authors, origin of the
phrase, 253

Classics, excellence of, 320;
utility of studying, 319, 320,
435; methods of studying,
439 ; uniform editions or
sets of, 649

Classical Journal, 321

Classical study, history of, 650

Claudian, Roman poet, 560, 561,
564, 566, 584

Claudius Mamertinus, 592

Claudius, the emperor, 627

Cleanthes, 479, 507

Clemens, Romanus, 543; Alex-
andrlnus, 544

Cleon, as orator, 434

Clermont, Bishop of, 604

Client and patron, 254

Climate and materials as af-
fecting architecture, 418

Climates, ancient division of
•^arth into, 4

Clio, 127

Cllsthenes, 177

Clitagorus, 453

Clitodemus, 526

Clitomachus, 606

Clocks, 60, 240

Cnephim,or wings, 420

Cuan vestments, 298



Cocceianus, 533

Codex Alexandrinus, Vatica-
nus, &c., 355 : Gregoria-
nus, &c.,646

Code of Theodoric, 646

Ccelius, M. 601; Apicius, 617,
622

CcBlus, 113; Aurelianus, 639

Coffins, 302, 303

Cohorts, 27'i, 277, 284

Coins, Greek, 213, 349, 352;
Roman, 266, 373; their use
in chronology, 65; nuin-
ber of different ancient
coins preserved, 352, 374;
collections of, 375

Cointus or Quintus, 481

Colbert, Marble of, 347

Coliseum, 19, 429

Collatinus, 227

Collections, of manuscripts,
356,376; medals and coins,
375 ; statuary, 396 ; en-
graved gems, 405, 408; of
Greek poets, 463

Colleges or orders of Roman
priests, 232 ; of artisans,
263

Colonies, planted in Greece,
323 ; planted in Italy, 359.
360 ; from Greece, 72, 73,
142 ; of Rome, 258

Colors used by Greek painters,
410, 411; applications made
of, 413

Colossal statues, 42, 383, 385,390

Columella, 562, 617, 621

Column, of Duillius, 284, 371 ;
of the twisted serpent, 165;
of Trajan, &c., 395,426

Coluthus, 481

Combats, single, in ancient
war, 156

Comedy, Greek, 459; Roman,
556

Commentaries, or auto-biogra-
phies, 625 ; on the N. Tes-
tament, early, 544

Commerce, orPlicenicians, 327;
Greeks, 152, 212; of Ro-
mans. 263 ; of Babylon, 212

Commodian, 563

Composite order, 426

Comus, 119

Concord, 18

Concubinage among Greeks,
220

Conic sections, 521

Conon, mythographer, 524

Consecration, of Roman empe-
rors, 137, 304; of temples,
&c.,238

Constantine, Greek physician,
537; arch of, 395; Manas-
ses,455; of Carthage, 482 ;
the Great, his reisn, 78;
his imp. standard, 272; his
military system, 284; Ce-
phalas, 456; Porphyroge-
nitus, 528

Constantinople, university of,
341, 497; library of, 340;
situation and topography,
20; capture by the Turks,
343; tripod in its Hippo-
drome, 165

Consular army, 271, 277

Consuls, Roman, 248

Controversial works of early
Christians, 544

Conversation, means of learn-
ing language, 550

Conveyance, modes of, 266

Convivial sonss, 451, 452

3l2



Copper, used before iron, 154,
310

Copyists, or Calligraphi, 333

Corax, 490

Onrbulo, 627

Cordus, Cremutius, 627

Corinna, 452

Corinth, constitution of, 192;
isthmus of, 34; capture of,
74, 75, 77

Corinthian order, 424, 426

Cornelius Gallus, 561, 571
Lentulus, 564
Severus, 559,562, 576

Corn, distribution of at Rome,
261

Cornice, 424

Cornutus, 525, 596

Coronis, 117

Corpses, burning of, 221, 300

Corvinus, 626

Cosm.-is, geographer, 348, 519,
523

Cosmetics, 210, 299

Cosmotrony of the Greeks, 146

Cossatius, 418, 427

Costume, Grecian, 157, 208;
Roman, 297

Cotta, Caius, 587

Cottage of Komulus, 17

Cotton, material for writing,
331; other use of, 209

Couches, for reclining at table,
206, 291, 293, 297 ; for sleep-
ing, 290

Country-seats of Romans, 291

Courts, at Athens, 150, 1S5; at
Sparta, 191 ; at Rome, 259

Cousin, on the first seats of
civilization, 311

Covenants, manner of confirm-
ing, 164

Covenants or leagues, 164

Cow, symbol of Isis, 122

Crassus, wealth of, 267

Crates, 460, 496, 593, 596

Cratinus,460

Creation of man, 312

Creed, Athenasian, 546; Apos-
tles, 543

Crete, early constitution, &c.,
151, 192; Labyrinth of, 43

Creusa, 135

Crimes at Rome, 259

Crishna, Hindoo deity, 95, 101

Critias, 459, 484

Critolaus, 004

Criton, 537

Croesus, king of Lvdia, 70

Crowns, 150, 175, 275

Crusaders, at Constantinople,
79

Ctesias,526, 530

Ctesiphon or Chersiphron, 427

Culture of the Greeks, sources
of, 327 ; causes aiding its
advancement, 334; of the
Romans, 359

Cuma, decree of, 347

Cunaxa, battle of, 70, 74, 511

Cupid, 106,402

Curatius Maternus, 556

Curius Fortunatianus, 593

Cursive letters, 3''0

Curtain, of the ancient theatre,
, 246; embroidered, 148, 218

Curtian Lake, 17

Ciirtius, Rufus, 635

Curule, officers, 254; chairs, 254

Cusnites, 125

Cuttle-fish, 363

Cybe'e or Rhea, 93, 347 382;
priests of, 236

Cycles of th« ancients, 62



678



GENERAL INDEX.



Cyclic poets, 450

Cyclopean architecture, 41, 107,
420

Cyclops, 107, 124, 461

Cymbals, 217

Cynic pliilosophers, 506, 606

Cynocephalus, 124

Cynosarges, 339

Cyrenaic sect, 506

Cyrene, remains of, 56

Cvretiae, inscription of, 346

Cyrill,495

Cyrus, i<ing of Persia, 70

Cyrus the younger, 70, 511;
expedition of, 70, 74; pa-
lace of, 114; tomb of, 223

Cytheris, 558, 561

D.

Dacian mines, 8, 262
tablets, 272

Daedalus, sculptor, 398, 402 ; la-
byrinth built by, 43

Daemons, 129

Dagon, house of, 418

Damasus, 561

Danaides, 100

Danaus. 133, 324

Dancing, at feasts, 159, 207,

216, 418
'Daphne, 101

Daphni?, 454

Dares Phrygius, 536

Darius, 70

Dates of ancient events, how
ascertained, 63 ; helps in
rememberiiie, 67

David, reiirn of, 69

Days, reckoning and division
of, &c., 59, 210; origin of
the names of, 62; Roman
manner of spending day,
292

Death, as a god, 130; punish-
ment (^f, how inflicted by
Greeks, 187, 191; by Ro-
mans, 260

Decemvirs, 76, 251

Declamation by Roman ora-
tors, 367, 587, 588

Dedication of Roman temples,
238

Deification of heroes, 137; of
emperors, 137, 304

Deities, classes of ancient, 87,
138: peculiar to Romans,
119

Dej mira, 134

Deliberative Oratory, 483, 487,
453, 5S8

Delphi, Apollo's temple at, 101 ;
oracle of, 165

Delphin Classics, 649

Deluge, of DeucHlion, 24; tra-
ditions of universal. 84, 106

Demetrius Phalereus, 485, 490,

491. 508 ; Poliorcetes, 177
Demi-gods, 67, 132, 149

Demo, 523

Democritus, 503

Demonstrative Oratory, 485,
487, 489, 588

Demosthenes, 484, 488, 502, 590

Dentels, 424

Departments, Greek authors
classified under, 447; R«-
man, 554
Design, arts of, 379
Deucalion, 21, 133
Dexter. F. Lucius, 6-23
Dial, 60, 210, 615
Dialectic Sect, 506
Didiecis, Greek, 436, 444; in
Italy, 361



Dialogistic method of instruc-
tion. 339

Diana, 101 ; temple of, at Ephe-
sus, 114, 421 ; Bubastis, 124

Diastole, 331

Uicaearchus, 451, 508

Dice, playing with, 293

Dictator, Roman, 75, 251

Dictionaries, Latin, 551; Greek,
443. 497 ; Classical,445 ; My-
thological, 89

Dictvs Cretetisis, 536

Dicu'il, 566, 616

Didactic poetry, Greek, 454;
Roman, 562

Dido, 72

Diiiymus, 496

Digamma, 362

Dighton rock, figure, &c., found
near it, 153

Dinarchus, 484, 489

Dinocrates. 427

Diodes, 536

Diocletian, his persecution and
massacer of Christians, 78,
428

Diodf.rus Siculus, 527,531

Diodotus, 527

Diogenes, Laertius, sold as a
slave, 180 ; his writings,
456, 534, 601 ; the Cynic,



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