Johann Joachim Eschenburg.

Manual of classical literature : from the German of J.J. Eschenburg, with additions online

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506; his tomb, 223

Diogenianus. 456

Diomedes, 137, 597, 601 ; villa
of, 2i)6

Dion. Chrvsostomus, 490, 492;
Cassius. 533

Dionysia, 169, 336

Dionvsius, H;tlicarnasseus,492,
527. 531 ; Periegetfs, 455,
519, 522; Thrax, 496. 497;
Cato, 583

Dionvsius the tyrant, prison
oY. 40

Diophantus, 51'^, 521

Dioscorides, 5."?S, 539; curious
manu-!cripl of, 355

Dioscuri, 135

Diphilus, 461,567

Diploma, 364

Dirges, at funerals, 221

Disa, goddess of Germans, 122

Discipline. Lacedaemonian, 339;
militarv, 199; of Roman
catrips,"2S0

Diseases deified, 120

Dishes at a Roman supper, 294

Dispersion o' men hv confu-
sion of tongues, 309, 324

Distemper, painting in, 412

Divination, art of, among
Greeks, 149, 164, 166; Ro-
mans, 210

Divinity, Greek and Roman
idea of, 87

Divisions of time, 59

Divorces, Roman, 287

Doctrinal treatises of early
Christians, 545

Dodona. oracle of, 25, 165, 327

Dogmatic school in medicine,
536

Dogs of Molossis, 25

Domestic aflfiirs of Greeks,
157.204; of Romans, 2S5

Dominical letter, 63

Domitius Marsus. 563

Donatus, iElius, 569, 599; Tib.
Claudius. 573

Door-way, Egyptian, 420

Doric order, 424, 426

Dorotheus, 455

Doves of the Capitol, 413

Dowry in marriage, 220



Draco, his laws, earliest writ-
ten in Greece, 177,333

Draining of lakes, &.C.. 428

Dramatic contests, 336 ; poe-
try. 457, 555

Dramatic exhibitions, among
Greeks, 1*5, 3.36, 457, 462;
Romans, 246, 535 ; modern
origin of, 558, 559

Dreams, on interpretation of,
167.240, 53S; god of, 130

Dress of Greeks, 157, 208; Ro-
mans, 297

Drinking cups, 204, 207, 297

Druidical temple, 148

Druids. 2.37

Drum, 217

Dryads, 126

Dryope, 116

Duillius, inscription on column
of. 371

Dwellings. Roman, 290; Gre-
cian, 210

Dveing, art of, 264

Dying Gladiator, 393

Dyonisiaca, 480



Ear-rings, Roman, 299

Earth personified, 93, 112

Earthenware, 263

Eating, Roman customs in, 293

Echinus, 424

Eclectic, sect in philosophy,
509, 514, 607; school in
medicine, 5.37

Eclipses in ancient times, 64,
197

Economists, Roman, 616

Edessa, school at, 341

Edessan epistles, 543

Edict, of Praetor, 249

Edifices, remains ofancient,429

Editions of classics, works on,
446 ; sets of, 649

Education among the Greeks,
159, 335, 338, 435 ; Romans,
2S8, 366. 604

Egeria and Nuina, 229

Egypt, cradle of the sciences,
319 ; productiveness of,
261 ; deities of, 122; Ge-
ography of, 53 ; Chronolo-
gy of. 66, 71 ; works on, 71

Egyptian inscriptions in Greek,
.348; sculpture, 385; Gem-
engraving, 403, 404 ; paint-
ing, 409; architecture, 419,
426 ; gods, 122 ; customs of
burial, inO

El Wah.site of temple of Jupi-
ter, 56

Eleatic sect, 508

Elections at Rome, 257

Elegiac poetry, 45.3, 5til

Elephaiita, cave of, 426

Elephants used in war, 194

Eleusinian mysteries, 112, 1^9

Eleven, the Athenian magis-
trates, 181

Elgin Marbles, 397

Eliac sect, 506

Elian inscription, 344

Eloquence, of Themistocles,
Pericles, and Demosthe-
nes, 483, 484 ; school of. at
Rhodes, 485 ; Roman, 566

Elysium, 99

Elzevir editions, 649

Emancipation of sons, 287, 283;
of slaves, 289

Embalming the dead, 221

Emerald, given by Ptolemy to
Lucullus, 401



GENERAL INDEX.



Empedncles, 475

Emperors deified, 122, 137, 304

Roman, their reign, 7S
Empire, Roman power of, 249;
military sjsteni of, 270 j
chanees in, 284 ; extent
of, 226; division of, 285;
Eastern, 79
Empiric school in medicine, 536
Empiricus Sextus. 516
Euifiloyments, under guardian
deities, 120; of Greeks,
158; of Rnmans, 262
Empresses, on Roman coins, 96
Encaustic, a method of paint-

i?ig, 412, 413
Enchorial letters, Egyptian, 347
Encomiastic orations, 487
Engines, n)ilitary, 198, 280
Engraved gems, "devices on, 402
Ennins Quintus, 555, 559,562,

565, 567
Enoch, book of, 308, 541
Entablature, 424
Entrails of victims, as prognos-
tics, 234
Epaniinondas, 74, 483
Epaphroditns, 496
Eohesus, Diana's temple at

114, 421
Ephori, 151, 190, 191
Ephorus, 526
Epic poetrv, 449, 559
Epicharmus, 459. 567
Epicielus, 507, 514
Epicurean sect, 508, 606
Epicurus, 508
Epidanrus, medical springs at,

117
Epitrenes, 457
Epigrams, Greek. 455 ; Roman,

563
Epimachns, 427
Epiphanius, 538, 544
Efiirotes, 25
Epistles and Romances, 500,

600
Epislles or letters, form of Ro-
man, 364
Equitesor knishts of Rome,254
Eras and Epochs, 65
Erasmus, and Scaliger, 591
Erato, 1-27

Eratosthenes, 518, 519, 522
Erebus, lOn
Erelriac sect, 506
Erieone, 117
Erinna, 452
Eristic sen, 506
Eroiian, 496, 498
Erotic poetrv, 455; tales, 500
Erysicthon, 112
Esciirial, ancient paintings in,

415
Esoteric and exoteric doc-
trines, 338, 508
Essarhaddon, 69
Etpocles and Polynices, 136
Etistse, 437

Etruscans, 359; plavs of, at
Rome, 360, 554 ; their
sculpture and vases, 386;
engraved gems, 404; their
architecture, 427 ; religions
usages, 229
Etymologicum Magnum, 499
Etymology, attention to, 550
Eucharis, 408
Euclid, 506, 518, 520
Eudemus, 639

Eudocia, author of the Home-
rocentra, 481 ; of the Viola-
riuui, 499
Eugrapbius, 569



Engubian tables. 372

Euhemerus, 524, 567

Euloeies over the dead, 222,
302, 4S4, -187, C28

Enmathius, 5(13

Eiimeniiis, 5^2

Euniolpiis, 448

Eunapius, 534

Euphorion, 450, 459, 571

Eupolis, 460

Eupraxidas, 527

Euripides, 455, 458,474

Euryale, 130

Eusebius, .528. 545

Eustathius, 499, 503

Eutecnius, 480

Euterpe, 127

Eutropius, 585,637

Evander, 359

Evil eve, superstition respect-
ing, 240

Evolutions, military, 197

Exercises of Roman camp, 280

Exergue, 352

Exhalations of Pontine marsh-
es, 11

Expenses, public, at Athen?.
1^2, 224; at Rome, 236, 262

Expiation among the Romans,
239

Exposing of children, by the
Greeks, 475 ($ 63. 7) ; by
Romans, 287

Exsuperaniius, 628

F.
Fabi), race of, 11
Fabius Pictor, 625
Fables, Mythological, sources
of, 84; in Greek and Ro-
man literature, 454, 510,
563; Atellane, 554, 557
Fnbulists, Roman, 563
Facade, 424

Fairs, in middle ages, 558
Falconer, shipwreck described

by, 2S
Falconius, 589
Faliscus, 564 ; Gratius, 577
Fallen spirits, 129
Fame, goddess of, 118
Families. Roman, 2S6
Family habitations, from Ves-
ta, 113

memoirs, 628
of the Poniponii, 619
Fanatic, origin of the term, 240
Farces, Greek, 462; Roman,

558
Farnese bull, 390, 392
Farnesian columns, 348
Fascination, 240
Fasti. Capitolini, 372
Fasting among ancients, 171
Fate, Stoic doctrine of, 507;

controlling the gods, 88
Fates, 127

Father of mankind, according
to Greeks. 124
power of the Roman, over
his children, 287
Fathers, early Christian, 542
Fauns, 130

Faunus, grove and oracle of, 11
Feast of the gods. 234
Feasts, social, of Greeks, 158,
206 ; literary, 337 ; of Ro-
mans, 294
Feet, coveriuff for, 208, 298
Females, state of in Greece,
159, 218 ; oblisations of, to
Christianity, 287
Fenes>elh,623, 626
Feronia, 120



679

Fescennine verses, 554
Festivals, Greek, 168; Roman,

241
Festus, S. Pomponius, 597, 599 •

S. Rufus, 637
Fiction, among ancients, 500
Field of Truth. 99
Figulus, Nigidius, 615
Financial ii^scripiicins, 345
Fire, use of unknown, 309; the
OreekFire, 538; the vestal,
113; principle of all things,
608
Firtnianus Lactantius, 624
Firmicus, 615, 619
Fishing, among Greeks, 158
Fish-pond of Hortensius, 292
Flaccus, Valerius, 450, 580; Si-

culus, 615
Flavins Vopiscus, 633
Fleece, Golden, of Colchis, 135
Fleet, Grecian, 200, 203; Ro-
man, aS2
Flesh-brushes, or strigiles, 2So
Flight of birds, ominous, 149,

233
Flood, in time of Deucalion, 24;
state of knowledge and arts
before, 308
Flora, 120; statue of, 393
Florens Tertullianus, 645
Florus L. AnnEEUs, 564, 635
Flowers, goddess of, 120
Folio, origin of the term, 364
Food, in early ages, 309; oi
Greeks, 157, 204; Romans,
293, 294
Foot, means of determining the

Roman, 268
Forlunatianus, 593
Fortune, goddess of, 118
Forums, at Rome, 17; Athens,

32
Fountain of the sun, 56
Fourmont inscriptions, 344, 345,

488
Fowling, among Greeks, 158
Foxes, burning of, in worship

of Ceres, 112
Franciade, 66

Fratres Arvales, hymn of, 361
Free men and freedmen, at

Rome, 285
French Republic, era of, 65
Fresco-painting, 412
Fret-work, 290
Frieze, 424
Froniinus Sextus Julius, 6£

618
Fronto, 589, 603
Fulgentius, 623
Fulling of cloth, 264
Funeral ceremonies, Greek,
149,221. 222; Roman, 300;
sfinffs, 221, 562 ; eulogies,
222, 302, 467, 628 j pile, 149.
302
Funeral orations, of Pericles

and Demosthenes, 222
Furies, 99, 128
Furius Bibaculus, 565
Furnaces in Roman houses, 291
Furniture of houses, 212, 290



Gabinianus, 593

Gabriel, stone of, 53

Gsetulius, or Gaetulicus, 564

Gains, 645

Galatian shows, 348

Galba, 586

Galen, 537, 539

Gallev, the Athenian, sarred, 49

Galleys, or war ships, 200, 252



680



GENERAL INDEX.



Gallienns, 516

Gallio, 594

Galliis, Cornelius, 561, 571; L.
Plotius, 593

Gamblers of Por7ipeii, 294

Gaines of ihe Greeks, 172, 173,
328.335; Olvinpic, &c., 173;
social, 207; Romans, 242;
in honor of the dead, 222,
304

Ganyniedes, 96

Garden of Epicurus, 339

Gardenine, how ranked by the
Greeks, 379, 3S1 ; cod and
goddess of, 119; of the Ro-
mans, 292

G.irdensof Sullust, 374

Garsiilius, 617, 622

Garlands, 175. 275

Gate of Lions, 420

Gates of Rome, 16

Gauls, Rome burnt by, 225;
history of, 7

Gaza, 500

Gazette, Roman, 627

GeboT, from whom Algebra
took its name, 521

Gelon, of Syracuse, 72

Gem-engraving, 398

Gemini, 135

Gems, names of principal, 400,
401 ; nature of, 400; in
Aaron's breastplate, 401,
403 ; genuine and ficti-
tious, 406 ; largest of an-
cient sculptured, 407,403;
illustrative of Mythology,
86, 402 ; appropriate to cer-
tain gods, 402; supposed
virtues of, 403

Genius and Genii, 12S

G(niseric, leader of Vandals, 79

Geographers, Greek, 519; Ro-
man, 615

Geosraphus Ravennse, 616

Geography, conimenci-meiit of,
318 ; works on ancient, 445,
520, 552, 617 ; knowledge
ofGreeks in, 3,519; know-
ledge of Romans in, 615;
epitome of classical, 3

Geometry, oriain of, 3l8

Geoponics, 538, (i 16

Germanicus, 345, 577

Geryon, 131

Giants, 121, 125, 133; temple
of, 421

Gladiator, Borghese, 390, 393;
dying, 393

Gladiators, Roman, 244, 304

Glass, imitations of gems, 406;
painting of, 413; how far
used bv Rotnans. 263.290

Glossaries; Greek, 497, 498

Glvcon, 385, 452

Gtiipho, 594, 596

Gnomic poets, 454, 563

Gnomon, 60, 615

Gods, Greek and Roman, num-
ber of, 85; classes of, 87 ;
their residence, &c., 87 ;
food, &c. 83 : genealogy, 90;
Egyptian admitted among
the Romans, 122

Gold. attem|ils to make, 538

Golden age, 91, 93; number, 63

Gordian knot, 314

Gorrtian, poem by, 560

Gorgias, of Athens, 490, 491

Gorgons. 130.

Gothic Architecture, 431

Goths, Rome taken by, 79, 225

Government, changes in form
of Grecian, 72, 141, 151,176,



178, 191 ; of Roman, 75,
248 : by Romans over con-
quered nations, 258

Gracchi, the two, 77, 587

Graces, 127

Graici, and other names of an-
cient Greeks, 141

Grain, kin. Is of, 264; distribu-
tion of at Rome, 261

Grammar, as taught among the
Greeks, 338

Grammar schools, 366

Grammarians, Greek, 496; Ro-
man, 595

Grammars, Greek, 443; Latin,
551

Grapes, varieties of, 295

Graiius Faliscus, 562, 577

Gravers on gems, ancient, 405

Grecian cities, 141

sculpture, four periods of,
383

Greco-Gothic architecture, 431

Greece, first inhabitants, bar-
barous, 141,150, 323; colo-
nies in, U2, 323 ; origin and
perfection of language, 324,
326; causes of culture and
improvement, 141, 143, 327,
435, 448 ; periods in the
progress of refinement, 145;
extent of, 20, 21, 141 ; out-
line of the chronology of,
72; formof government in,
141, 142, 151, 177; climate
of, 435; modern travelers
in, 430, 445 ; remains of an-
cient architecture in, 430

Greek antiquities, utility of,
143; writers on, 144

Greek emperors, 79

Greek language, study of in
Europe, 343 ; importance
of studying, 435; pronunci-
ation of, 436 ; logical ana-
lysis applied to, 440

Greeks in Italy, 360

in southern Italy, 13

Greeks, modern, 343; educa-
tion among the ancient,
335, 435

Gregorian calendar, 62

Gregorianus, 64^

Gregorius Pardus or Corinthi-
us, 500

Gregory Thaumaturgus, 544;
Nazianzen, 341, 456, 547,
559

Griffon, 132

Grinding, method of, 158,159,
264

Gromatic writings, 617

Groups, in statuary, 384

Groves, sacred, 18, 162, 230

Guest-chambers, 293

Gyges, ring of, 99

Gymnasia, Greek, 335, 339;
Roman, 366; structure of
the buildings, 422

Gymnastic art, 175, 448

H.

Habits, domestic, of Romans,

292
Hades, 99, 221 ; gates of, 99, 223
Hadrian, patron of letters, 369
Hair, modes of dressing, 208,

299
Hallirrhotius, 105
Hamadryads, 126
Hamiltnn's vases, 387
Hannibal, his passage of the

Alps, 632
Hanuo, 519, 521



Harmodius and Aristogiton, 177

Harmonia, 107

Harmonies of the Gospels, ear-
ly, 544

Harp'ies, 41, 128

Harpocrates, 124, 402

Harpocration, 493

Harps, 217

Harrowing, god of, 120

Head, coverings for, 208, 298 ;
of Antinous, 393

Health, drinking of, 207, 295;
goddess of, 117, 118

Heathenism, moral influence
of among Greeks and Ro-
mans, 86

Hebe, 96

Hebrew alphabet, 329; manu-
scripts, 356; art, 386

Hebrew-Grecian writings, 541

Hecataeus, geographer, 519;
historian', 525, 526; of Ab-
dera, 527

Hecate, 101

Hecatomb, 147

Hecatompylos, 71

Hector, 137

Hegemon, 461

Hegesius, 485

Heirs, at Athens, 220

Helen, 137

Helicon, 126, 448

Heliodorus, 455, 503

Heliogabalus, 29S

Heliotrope, 60, 400, 408

Helius, 114

Hell, rivers of. 99

Hellanicus, 526

Hellenes, 324

Hellenic tribes, character of
ditlereni, 334

Helmet, 15.3, 274; of Pluto, 99

Helots, 189

Helps, in studying Latin, 550;
Greek, 442, ss.

Hephwstion, 496, 497, 525;
friend of Alexander, 222

Heraclitean sect, 508

Heraclitus, 503, 524

Heralds, 150, 197, 234

Herculanean tablets, 346; rolls,
355; paintings, 415, 416

Hercules, 131; statue of, Far-
nese, 393; title of a piece
written by Prodicus, 490,
514; story of explained, 134

Herennius, 645

Hermachus, 509

HernifB, busts or statues so
called, 109, 119,384

Hermagoras, 593

Ilermaiiubis, 124

Hermas, 543

Hermes, 108; Trismegistus, 108,
449

Hermesianax, 453

Hermogenes. 493

Hermogenianus, 646

Hermolaus, 523

Hero and Leander, 464

Herodes Atticus, inscriptions
of, 348 ; fragments of, 492

Herodianus, historian, 533 ;
grammarian, 496, 497

Herodotus, 526, 528 ; at the
Olympic games, 336

Heroes, worship of, &c.,132, 149

Heroic age, 72, 132; manners
of, 159

Heron, 513

Heruli, Rome taken by, 78

Hesiod, 454, 467

Hesperides, 134

Hesycbius, 498



GENERAL INDEX.



681



Hexapla of Origen, 544

Hierarchy of Rom ishchurch,233

Hiero, ship built for him. 3S5

Hierocles, opposer of Chris-
tianity, 534, 544

Hieroglyphics, 314,329, 347

Hieromaiicy, 167

Hieronyii'us, 527, 628

Hilarion, 482

Hilarius, 560, 561

Hills of Rome, 16

Himerius. 490, 495

Hindoo pillar, 426

Hipparchus, 518

Hipiiias and Hipparchns, 177

Hippocrates, 50M, 536, 539

Hippocrene, 127, 131

Hippodamia, 131, 136

Hippolytiis, 544

Kippomedon, 136

Hipponux, 452,462

Hirtius, 629

Historians, Greek, 525; Ro-
man, 624, 629 ; plan for
reading ancient, 523

Historical paintinss among the
Greeks, 414, 415

Historical records of nations,
comparative antiquity of,
317

History, of principal ancient
states, 69 ; illustrated by
coins, 65, 349; sacred, as
related to pagan mytholo-
gy, 84

Homer, his allusions to state
of society, 327; his works,
&c., 450, 455, 462, 464

Homer, the ynunger, 459

Homeridffi, 450

Homerocentra, 451

Homeromastix, 496

Homilies, of earlv Greek fa-
thers, 546

Honnrius, 620

Horace, 560, 565, 574; com-
pared with Persius and
Juvenal, 5S2

Horapnllon, 449

Horseniaiiship, 156, 194, 276

Horsemen or knights, 270, 276

Horse, Neptune patron of, 98

Horse-race, 172

Horses, for chariots and for
carryine burdens, 266

Hortensius," 587, 625; his vil-
las, 2t'2

Horns, 100, 122, 124, 449

Hosidius Geta, 556

Hospitality, Grecian, 158, 179,
207; Roman, 295

Hostius, 559

Hours, goddesses of, 127; of the
day, 60, 240

Houseliold gods, 129

Household, Roman, 288, 289

Houses, Grecian, 158, 210
Roman, 290

Humanists, 319

f lunting, tishing, &c., 158

Hurdles, 2S0

Husbandry, Roman writers on,
616

Hyacinthus, 101

l^ybrias, 453

Kvdra, 131

Hydraulic organ, 217, 247

Hydrophobia, 639

Hvgeia, 117

Hyginus, Julius, 596, 623; Gro-
niaticus, 615, 617

Hymenaeus, 107

Hymn of the Frafres Arvales.
361

86



Hymns, ancient, 449; early
Christian, 560, £61

Hypatia, female mathemati-
cian, 518

Hvperides, 484, 489

Hyperion, 114, 124

Hypodiastole, 331

I.

lacchus, 170

Iberi, 359

Ibis, 122

Ibycus, 452

Icimoclasts, 415

Ictiinuli, mines of, 262

Idas, 135

Ideas of Plato, 507

Ides, 61, 240

Idolatry, origin of, 83, 84

Idomereus, 137

Idyl, 454, 561

Ignatius, 543

Ignis, 113

Iliac table, 451

Iliad, the Northern, 466

Iliona, 568

Ililhyia, 96, 102

Ilium or Troy, 46

Illuminated manuscripts, 354,
376

Illyrians. 8

Illyrii, 359

Images in temples, 146, 160, 230

Image-work, 381

Imbrex, P. Licinius, 556

Imperial history, writers of, 638
government, Roman, 249

Imposture, literary, of Heer-
kens, 556; Higuera, 628

Implements of agriculture, Ro-
man, 264

Imprisonment, at Rome, 260

Inachus, 133

Indian mythology, its resem-
blance to Greek, 86

Indiction, cycle of, 63

Indo-Germanic languages, 325

Industry, art of, 212,263

Inferior gods, 113

Infernal regions, entrance to,
12, 36; rivers, 25

Inheritances at Athens, 220, 488

Ink, used by Greeks, 332; Ro-
mans, 363

Inns, 158,208

Inscriptions, Greek, 343-349;
Roman, 370 ; on statues,
385 ; on altars, 230 ; on
tombs, &c., 222; on coins,
352, 374; on gems, 402; on
the pillar called Pompey's,
348; in ancient ^■Ethiopia,
348 ; use of in chronolo-
gy, 65

Institute, Royal, of France, 17

Instruction, oral among the
Greeks, 334; of Greek phi-
losophers, 338 ; in London
university, 439; Cambridge
university, 440; Halle Or-
phan-house, 440

Instruments, agricultural, 264;
mechanical, 41S ; sacrifi-
cial, 232; musical, 216, 217,
272

Intaglio, 402; the oldest known,
404

Intelligence and wisdom per-
sonified, 104

Intelligence, means of convey-
ing among Greeks, 199 ;
Romans, 15

Interest, rate of at Rome, 267

liilermarriages at Rome, 254



Interlinear translations, 438

Inuus, 116

lo, 105, 122

Ion of Chios, 459

Ionian?, whence their name,
326

Ionic order, 424,426

school of philosophy, 505

lophoii, 459

lotistae, 437

Ipsus, battle of, 70,74

Ireiiaeus, 544

Iris, eoridess of the rainbow,
96, 115

Irnerius, his law-school at Bo-
logna, 647

Iron, not used as early as cop-
per, 310

Isa, Hindoo deity, 122

Isaeiis, 484, 487

Iscanius, Joseph, 536

Isiac Table, 123

Isidorus, of Charax, 519; His-
palensis, 597,600

Isis, Egyptian goddess, 102, 122;
her head on Egyptian pil-
lars, 426; table of, 123;
temple of, discovered at
Pompeii, 123

Isocrates, 484, 487, 490; tomb
of, 223 ; letters of, 502

Issus, battle of, in Mosaic, 396

Ister, 526; ^ihicus, 616, 620

Isthmian games, 98, 175

Italic school, 505

Italica, mosaic of, S96

Italo-Grecian states, 15

Italy, original population of,
359; geography of, 9; re-
mains of ancient architec-
ture in, 429, 430 ; travelers
in, 386

Itineraries, Roman, 616, 620

Ivory, use of by the ancients, 383

Ixion. 96, 100



Jamblichus, romancer, 501 ;
philosopher, 509, 517

Jannelli, on hieroglyphics, 314,
347

Janus, a Roman god, 16, 93

Japhet, similar to Japetus. 124;
ancestor of Greeks, 326

Jason and Medea, 135

Jasper, engraved, of Royal Ca-
binet, 408

Javelin, hurling of, 172

Jeroboam, 69

Jerome, of Cardia, 527

Jerome, t?t., 62S, 629

Jerusalem, topography of, 51,
52; destruction of, 70

Jesus, letter describing his per-
son, 637

Jewish history and chronolo-
gy, outline of, 69, 70 ; writ-
ings, 541

Job, book of, its antiquity, 317

Jobates, 131

John of Stobi, 517

Joseph Iscanius, 536

Joseph, son of Jacob, 124

Josephus, 527, 531

Joshua, 69

Journals at Rome, 626

Journals and Periodicals illus-
trating classical literature,
17, 447

Juba, the younger, 527, 616

Judas, s'.im for which he be-
trayed the Savior, 375

Judea, symbol of her captivity
375



692



GENERAL IXDEX.



Jiidsea in Hades, 100
Judicial proceedings, Greek,

185; Roman, 259
Judicial oratory, Roman, 5SS;

Greek, 4S5, 487, 488
Jii?2ernant, festival of, &c. 110
Juiislers and rope-dancers, 244
Julian the Apostate, 73, 34l, 495
Julian period, 63
Julianus Titianns, 563
Julius Pollux, 497; Capitoli-

nus, 638 ; Csesar, 629; Fir-

niicus, 019; Paulus, 6t5
Junia, sister of Brutus, 302
Junius Ruslicus, 627
Juno, 96
Jupiter, 94; Ammon, 95, 165;

temnles of, 17, 421 ; statue

of in Olympia, 114, 390;

Pliivius or Pluvialis, 95;

Urius, statues of, 345
Jurisprudence, Roman, 642
Justice, courts of. 150, 184, 259 ;

£oddess of, 117
Justin Martvr, 544
Justinian's code, 340, 646,647
Justiiius, Roman historian, 636
Juvenal, 565, 582
Juvencus, 560



Kaaha at Mecca, 53

Kalends, see Calends.

Kepler, fancy of respecting
numbers, 607

Keys, ancient, 212

Kin?, Archon, 181

Roman priest so called. 234

Kings, power of the early Gre-
cian, 150, 189; the Spar-
tan, 189; the Roman, 226,
2131, 248; ensigns of, 248;
kissing the feet, 210

Knapp, theory of origin of
words, 312

Knights, Roman,254

Knowledge, origin of, 307

L.

Laherins, 558, 577

Lahienus, 626

Labyrinth, Esyptian. 54, 55,
419: Cretan, 43, 135

Lactam ius, 608, 624

Lacedsemon, see Sparta.

LacedEEmonian discipline, 339

Lachrymatories, 303

Ladrone isles, 309

Laelius, 586

Lampridius, 638

Lamps, ancient, 291

Language, origin of, 310, 312;
of Adam and Noah, 325;
Greek, 321, 340; pronuncia-
tion of Greek, 436 : aborigi-
nal of America. 326; origin
of Latin, 360, 549: Latin,
how vitiated, 369; utility
of studying, 549; how pro-
nounced, 549; Latin and
Roman discriminated, 361 ;
sp»>cimens of early Latin,
361 ; similar to Latin now
used in Wallachia, 8

Lancuanes, families of Asiatic,
325 ; modes of teaching,
438, 550

Lantern of Demosthenes, 33

Lanti vase, 395

I.aocoon, statue of, 390, 392

Laiinicus Chalcondylas, 528

Lapithse, 24, 131

Lares arid Penates, 129

Las us, 452 I



Laliclave, 293

Latinus Pacatus, 592

Latona, 116

Latro, M. Porcius, 593, 630

Laughing philosopher, 508

Laurentius, 494

Lava-glass, 406

Lawgivers, of Athens, 189

Law-schools, 369, 645, 647

Laws of Greece, early, 151 ; of
Athens, 188; Sparta and
Crete, 191 ; Rome. 261, 643

Lawsuits, .\theniiin, 186; Spar-
tan, 191; Roman, 259

Lawyers, Roman, 262, 643

Leaden tablets, for writing,
333, 345

Leaping, game of Greeks, 172;
of Romans. 243

Legal or judicial oratory of
Greeks, 485, 488

Legpnd, of a coin, 352, 374

Legion, the Roman, 2T0. 271,
272: Thundering, 238, 516;
number of legions, 284

Lesitiination, Roman, 288

Lenses, whether used by an-
cients, 406

Lentulus Publius, letter of, 637;
Cneius Cornelius, 564, 627

Leocrates, 488

Leon, mathematician, 513

Leonidas, his tomb, 38; of Ta-
rentum,456

Leontius, 624

Lesbonax, 490

Lpsche, paintinffs in the, 414

Letters, earliest use of, 317 ;
form of Greek. 329 ; unciil
and cursive, 330, 354, 356;
on Greek coins, 352; re-
semblance of Greek and
Roman, 359 ; on Roman
coins, 374; Roman in ma-
nuscripts, 376; used to re-
present numbers, 213, 267

Letters or epistles, Roman,
364; amatory, 501; Socra-
tic, 502

Leucippus, 508

Levying, Roman system of, 271

Lpxicons, Greek, 443, 497

Lil>aniu3, 490, 495

Libations, 147, 163,238

Libraries, Greek, 339; modern
containins classical MSS.,
356 ; Roman, 368

Licentiousness of the Greeks,
220

Licinius, Porcius, 563; Calvus,
563; Crassus, 587

Lictors, 218, 250

Life, private, of Greeks, 204;
Rftmans, 285

Light troops, 194,276

Linus, 448

Lipogrammatic Odessey, 481

Lipperl's impressions of gems,
407

Literature, Greek, circum-
stances favorable to, 334,
435; its most brilliant pe-
riod, .334; its decline, 340;
places where cultivated,
341; value of, 435; intro-
ductions to, 446; periods
of, 447 ; Roman, when it
began to fliurish, 365; its
decline, 368, 549; periods
of, 549, 553; where culti-
vated, 369; introductions
to, 553 ; of modern Greeks,



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