Johann Joachim Eschenburg.

Manual of classical literature : from the German of J.J. Eschenburg, with additions online

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343
Lithoglyphy, 398 ; earliest no-



I tice of the art, 403; among
I the Greeks, 404

Livius Andronicus, 555, 566;

Titus, 632
Logographies, 526
London University, study of

Greek and Latin in, 439, 440
Longinus. 494
Longus, .503
Loretlo, chapel of, 10
Lots, used for learning the fu-
ture, 167,210; in choosing

magistrates, ISO
Lucan, 560, 580
Lucceius. 626
Lucian, 490, 493
Lucifer, 114
Lucilius, 456; Junior, 562;

Caius, 570
Lucina, 102
Lucius Afranius, 556, 557

An) pel ius, 635
Lucreiia, outrage upon, 75, 227
Lucretius, 562, 570
Lucullus, patron of philosophy,

605; his villa, 12
Luna, 114
Lunar Cycle, 62
Lupercus, 116
Lustrations, 147, 239
Lutatius, 624

Luxury of Romans, 227, 267
Lyceum, 336, 339
Lycia, Greek tombs in, 223
Lycophron, 452, 459, 476
Lycursus, Attic orator, 484,

488 ; Spartan lawgiver, 73,

151,501
Lydian coins, 351

history, 70
Lydns, 528
Lygdamus, 572
Lynceus, 135
Lyncus. 112

Lyre, 216, 217; invention of, 108
Lyric poetry, 451, 500
Lysander, 177
Lysias, 48^1, 486
Lysippus, 390

M.

Maccabees, 69

Maccus, 557

Macedonian coins, 351

Macedonius, consul, 456

.Macer, 578

Machaon, 117

Machines, used in war, 281

Macrobius. 597, 599

MfRcenas, 556

Maeonidt-s, 464

Magi, 338

.Magical arts, 167, 240

Magistrates at Athens, ISO;

"Sparta, 190; Rome, 251
Magna Graecia, colonies in, 360
Magnesia, battle of, 70
Magnete, battle of, painted, 410
Maia, 108

Makrinoros, pass of, 26
Mallius Theodorus, 597
Mamertine prison, 260
Mamertinus, 592
Man, his original state, 307 ;

varieties of the species, 311
Manes, 129
iNIanetho, 527

Maniples in Roman army, 272
Manilius, Mauius, 614; Marcus,

562, 577
Manners, general, of Romans,

292
Mantlets, 280
Mantuan vase, 407, 408



GENERAL TXDEX.



683



Aranuel Philes, 455

Manumission of slaves, 289

Manuscripts, classical, how
lost, 342; forms of ancient,
332: Greek, 353, 355, 356;
number of in European li-
braries, 357; Roman, 376;
of sacred scriptures, 355 ;
discovery of on revival of
letters. 376; of Colnlhus,
fac-siniilenf, 4S1; ofQuin-
tus, -ISl ; the most ancient
existing, 356, 376

Marble, material for sculpture,
3S3; celebrated kinds. 383

Marbles, Arundelian, 346; of
Cvzicus, 347; of Colbert,
347

Marbodus, 404

Marcella, wife of Porphyry, 516

MRrcellinus, 637

Marcellus, Nonius, 598 ; Em-
piricus. 642; Sidetes, 455

IMarching, Roman order of, 278

Marcianus, Capella, 613 ; of
Heraclea, 519, 521

IMarcus Aurelius, writings of,
515, 605 ; statue of, 394

Marines. 202, 2S2

Mariiis, 77

Alarket davs at Rome, 241

Markets, 17, 32

Marriages. Greek, 159, 218
Roman, 286

Mars, 105; priests of, 235

Marseilles, schools at, 341

Marsvas and Apollo, 101

Martial, 5fi4, 565. 5^2

Martialis Cargilius, 622

Martial rewards and punish-
ments, 199, 275

>Tasks, ancient, 176, 247

Materials in Architecture, 418

jMaternus Julius Firmicus. C19

Mathematicians, Greek, 517
Roman. 614

Maitius or Matius, 558, 559, 577

Mauritius, 519

Mausoleum, sepulchre of Mau-
solus, 114,223

Meals, Spartan, public, 190,
101 ; Grf'cian generally,
157, 204, 206 : Roman, 2<j3

Measures and VVeights, Gre-
cian, 214 ; Roman, 269

Mechanical trades at Roiue, 263

Medallions, .352, 373

Medals, utility of studying, 349,
373

Medea, 1.35

Medicine, origin and history of,
317: Greek writers on, 536;
R(Mnan,638

Mediterranean, navigation of,
152

Medusa, 104, 130

Mcgaric sei t, 506

Mela Pomponius. 616, 619

Melampiis, 44S, 538

Melanippides. 452

Meleairer, 456, 503

Me'.ecigenes, 454

Mclicertes. 125

Melpomene, 127

Meninon, sounding statue of,
115; historian, fragments
of, 527; artist, 385

Mensnoniutn, 385

Memoirs, 628

Memory, systems of artificial,
37, '68"

Menander. 460, 476, 569

Mendes, 116

Menecrales, 639



]\Ienedemus, 506

Menelaus, 137

Menenius Agrippa, 563

Menes. Egyptian king, 71

Menippus, 565

Merchants, festival of, 242 ;

Roman, 263
Mercury, 108; peculiar busts

called by his name, 354
ISIermaid, 126
Mesmerism, a supposition con-

cernins, 166
Messala Corvinus, 626
Metals, early use of, 310; as

materials for writing, 331,

333, 345; used by Vulcan,

107
Metamorphoses, fables respect-
ing, 85
Aletenipsvchosis, 84, 505
Meters, 445, 452
Methodic school in medicine,

137
Methiidius, 544
Metics, or resident aliens at

Athens, 17S, 4f-6
Metis, wife of .lupiter. 94
Meton, his Cycle, 62, 518
Metopes, 424

Metrical inscriptions, 345, 348
Metrodorus, 604
Michael Aneelo, seal of, 407
Midas, tonri) and inscription

of, 344; gift of Bacchus

to, 1U9
Milesian inscription. 346

tales, 500, 601, 612
Milestones, Roman. 16
Military Affairs, of Greeks, 152,

193"; of Romans. 270
Milk in libations. 147
>IiHs, for grain, 264
Milo, catacombs of, 221
Miltiades, 21,73
Mimes, Greek, 462 ; Roman

556, 558
Mimnermus, 453
Minaret, 431
Mineralogy, Theophrastus the

faiher'of, 538
Minerva, 104; festival of, 171;

statueof, 390. 394; temples

of. 29, 37, 421
Mines, 22. 26. 38. 262
Minos, 100, 131.133
Minotaur, 131, 134
Minstrels, in Greece, 327, 450
Mint, at Athens, 213; at Rome,

267
Minuscule writing. 362, 376
Mirrors, ancient, 209, 406; of

Archimedes. 520
Mithras, 100, 134
Mizraim, grandson of Noah, 71
Mnemosvne, 124, 126
Mnevis. 123
Mceris^lius, 498
Moderatus. 607, 621
Moderns and Ancients, 319
Modestus. 615
Modillions, 424
Moeris, lake of, 54
.Mcero, 452
Molding, art of, 3S1
Moldings, in architecture. 424
.Molds, for casting coins, 374
Moloch, 91
Momus, 119

Monboddo, his theory of lan-
guage, 312
Monev, by whom first coined,

349; of the Greeks. 212,

213; the Romans, 266, 267,

275



Monograms, abbreviatioi)s,330,
403

Monoliihal temples, 419

Mon! lis of Greeks and Romans,
60, 61 ; personified, 127

Monument of Adulis and Ax-
um, 348

Monumental architecture, 419

Monuments to the dead, 221,
302

Monumentum Ancyrarium,372,
626

Moon, prognostics from, 538

Morals and mainers in Greece
and Rome, 227

Morea, 34

Morpheus, 130

Mosaic, 384; floors, 290; re-
mains of, 396, 413

Moschion, 537

Moschopulus, 500

Moschus, 454, 473

Moses, his account of creation,
307, 312; comparative an-
tiquity of his writings, 317

Mosque at Cordova, 9

Mother of gods, 93

Mourning for the dead, 300,
3U2, 304

Mucianus, memoirs of, 627

Miicius t'caevola, 644

Mules, use of by Romans, 266

Munmiies, 55, 221

M\inicipal towns, Roman, 258

Muratius Rufus, 629

Murra or Murrhinum, vases of,
263, 401

Murray, on origin of language,
312

Musseus. 150, 464

Museo Borbonico, 392, 408

Museum at Alexandria, 339
at Berlin, 397

Musfs, 126; on the ring of
Pyrrhus, 127

Music, in Greek education, 159,
335: connected with poet-
ry, 448, 451 ; accompani-
ment of banquets, 216. and
of sacrifices, 238; science
of, 216

Musical contests, 336, 366 ; in-
struments, 216 ; in Roman
army. 272

Musoniiis Rufus, 606

Mussa, 639

Mutules, 424

Mycenae, gateway of, 420

Mvriologues, 221

Mvrtis. 452

Mysteries, 327: of Cabiri, 136,
Eleusinian. 112, 169

Mysteries and Moralities, 559

Mythic cycle, 451
poetry, 88

Mythical 'personages connect-
ed with the sods. 124

Mythographers, Greek, 88, 524 ;
Roman, SS, 622

Mythology, 83; utility of a
knowledge of, 86; resem-
blance between classical
and oriental, 86, 94, 95;
difl!'erences between Greek
and Roman, 87

N.
Noevius Cneius, 555, 559, 566
Nail, ceremony of fixing in the

temple of Jupiter, 242
Names of Romans, 2?5, 616;

of towns in England end

ing in cesser, 2S0
NasosT tomb of the, 415



684



GENERAL INDEX.



NatiirRi history atnonsf the

(Jreeks, 53S; Romans, 640

Nautiiachiiis, 455

Naval aff;iirs of Greeks, 152,
200,212; nf Romans, 2S2

Naval battle, 203, 282

Navis;aiion nf Greeks, 152

Nazarius, 592

Nearchus,527, 532

Nemean games, 174

Nemesia 11,562,583

Nemesis, 117

Nepop, Cornelius, 631

Nepotianiis, 633

Neptune, PS

Nereids, 98

Nero, his tyranny, 78 ; his per-
secution of Christians, 634;
burnin? of Rome. 225

Nerva. his journal, 627

Nessiis, the centaur, 134

Nestor, 137

Netha. Eevptian deity, 104

Nets, for fishing, 158

New Testament, hooks of,clas-
sified, 512 ; literary import-
ance of, 212; Apocryphal,
243

JVeiP-Platonists and Pythago-
reans, 509

Newton's Chronology, 64, 66

New-year's presents at Rome,
241

Nibelungen Lied, 466

Nicander, 454, 479, 480

Nicephonis, 52S

Nicetas, 455, 482, 528

Nicias, 64, 474

Nicricles, 4S7

Nicolaus, 527

Niirht, goddess of, 101, 115, 117

NigidinsFigulus, 607, 615

Nimrod, 69

Ninias. 69

Niobe, 102, 117, 136; and chil-
dren, statues of. 390,392

Noah, lansuage of, 325

Nobility, Romnn, 254

Nomoc'anon of Photius, 499

Nones, 61, 240

Nonian'is, 627

Nonius iMarcellus, 597, 593

Nojinus, 450,480

Nossis, 452

Notation, Greek, 213; Roman,
267

Novels or imperial edicts, 646

Noviiis, 567

Novum Orsanum, 513

Nox, 100, lis

Nubian inscrintions, 348

Numa, his influence at Rome,
75,226,229,604; fragments
of tiis laws, 362

Numbers, designated by let-
tprs, Grecian, 213; Roman,
267 ; Pythagorean doctrine
of, 607

Numismatics, 352

Nuptial celebrations, 159, 220,
2S7

Nymphis, 527

Nymphs, 126



Oases, Esvptian, 55

Oaths, of Greeks, 163; of Ro-
mans, 239 ; Roman sol-
diers, 270

Obelisks, 19, 55,419

Obituary inscriptions, 345

Obliteration of MSS. 342

Obspquens Julius, 641

Obsidian, 406



Ocean, 98

Ocellus Lucanus, 505, 511

Occupations of men iu early
ages, 309

Octavius or Augustus, 77

Odea, 19, 32,422

Odin, 105

Odoacer, leader of the Heruli,
79

Oilconomists, 616

OCiiomaus and Pelops, 136

Offences penal at Rome, 259

Offerings to the gods, 148, 149,
238

Official robe of magistrates, 297

Ogyges, 133

Ointments of the ancients, 158,
210,299

O'bian decree, 345, 347

Old and new style, 62

Olen, Greek poet, 449

Olympic games, 173

Olympiodorus, 517

Olympus, 448 ; residence of the
gods, 88

Omens, 149, 16S, 233

Omphale, 134

Onesander, 519, 523

Onyx, a gem representing the
apotheosis of Augustus,
407, 408

Opal, of Nonius, 401

Opilius, 596

Opiitodrome, 172,393

Oppia" 455, 480

Oppiiis, Caius, 629

Ops or Rhea, 93

Optatianus Por(>hvrius,564, 592

Oracles, 149, 164, 166, 327 ; Sib-
yline, 240, 449; of Apollo,
101

Oratory and Orators, Greek,
4S2; Roman, 586; amon?
earlier Christians, 546. 547

Orders, in architecture, 421

Organ, musical instrument,
217, 247

Oribasius, Greek physician, 537

Oriental tales, 511

Oricen, 544,515,546

Orion, 114, 125

Orphan-House at Halle, stu-
dies in, 440

Orpheus, 448, 463

Ornaments, architectural, 2P0,
426, 427; personal of Ro-
mans, 299

Orthography. Roman in early
times, 302, 374

Orthos, 131

Oscan langiiase, 361

Osiris, 110, 122

Ostia, salt-works at, 262

Ostracism, 187

Otacilius, L. Pilitus, 593

Otus and Ephialtes, 105

Ovation, 284

Ovid, 556,561,562,575

Ox, symbol of Osiris, 122;
bones found in the Egyp-
tian pyramid, 123

P.

Pacatus Drepanius, 592
Pacuvius, 415, 555, 568
Prtduan coins, 374
Paederasty, 220
Psestum, ruins of, 420
Pagan fables, coincidence of

with scripture, 84
Paganism and Christianity, 341
Paganism and Popery, 137
Paidotribes, 335
Painted vases, 387, 415



Painters, ancient Greek, 414,
Roman, 415

Painting, ancient, 409; mate-
rials and instruments used
in, 410, 412, 413; periods
of in Greece, 414; remains
of, 56, 416, 534

Palace, origin of the word, 16

Palseosraphv, 354

Palsemon, 125, 562, 596

Palffiphatus, 524

Palaetrse, 423

Palimpsest MSS. 342

Palladium, 101, 113

Palladius, 563, 617, G22

Pallas, statue of, 394

Pallet, painter's, 413

Palm, token of victory, 243

Pan, 116; priests of, 235

Panselius, 604

Panathenaic vases, 172

Panathenaea, 171, 336

Pandects, 646

Pandora, 107

Panegyrical oratory, 485, 588

Panegyrists, Roman, 592

Panic, origin of the word, 116

Pantheon, 17

Pantomime, 558

Paper, ancient, 331, 363

Papinianus, 645

Papirius, his collection of laws,
360, 643

Pappus, 51S, 521, 5.57

Papyri, Egyptian, or manu-
scripts, 356

Papyrus, material for writing
on, 331 ; manner of pre-
paring it, 363

Paraenetic orations, 487

Paraphrase of John's gospel,
48i)

Parchment, 331

Parents, respect to, 159

Parga, fate of. 25

Parian chronicle, 346

Parks of the Romans, 292

Parmenides, 4S3, 508

Parnassus, 127, 448

Parodies, 460, 462

Paros, Chronicle of, 65, 346

Parrhasius, 414, 456

Parthenius, 501, 525

Parthenon, 104; sculpture on,
390

Parthenopieus, 136

Parthian history, 70

Pastes, or casts of gems, 406,
407

Pastoral poetry, 454

Paterculus C. Velleius, 6a3

Patricians and plebeians, 243 .

Patroclus, funeral of, 222

Patronage, of letters by Roman
emperors, 341,-369

Patrons and clients, 254, 295

Paul, Silentarius, 456; of^Igi-
na, 537; the Apostle, 603

Paulus ^milius, and the Epi-
rotes, 25

Paulus Diaconus, 599, 637

Pausanias, 519,523

Peace, temple of, 18; temple
of Janus in time of, 18, 93

Pearls, ancient, 401

Pedestal, 424

Pediment, 424

Pedo Albinovanus, 559,561,576

Pegasus, 131, 133

Pelagius, 481

Pelasgi, 323; in Italy, 359, 361

Pelias, 135

Pelopidse, 136

Pelopidas of Thebes, 74



GENERAL INDEX.



685



Peloponresian war, 74
Pelops, 133, 136, 3'24
Pen, when first used, 332
Pencil, invention of, 332
Penny of the New Test., 375
Pentateuch in MS. 356
Peperino, stone so called, 303
Per^aniiis, lihrary at, 339;

Greek literature at, 341
Pericles, statesman, &c. 73;

oratdry of 484
Peripatetics. 508, 606
Periplu?, of Hanno, 521 ; of Ne-

archus, 532
Perjnrv, at Rome, 239
Perotto, MS. of, 578
Persecution of Christians, 78,

251. 634
Persephone, or Proserpine, 99
Persepolis. ruins of, 44, 426,429
Perseus, 133

Persian sculpture, 386; Chro-
nology, outline of, 70;
kings, their residences, 44
Persius, 565, 578
Personification of various ob-
jects. 119
Perspective, of ancients, 413
Pessinus, origin of the name, 94
Petalism. 187
Peter, writings falsely ascribed

to, 543
Petrarch, his researches for

MSS. 376; his Africa, 581
Petrified city. 56
Petronius Arbiter, 564, 565, 601,

613
Peutingerian table, 620
Phsedo, 506
Phse.lrus, 563, 578
Phaeton. 101
Phaiaecus, 452
Phalanx, Grecian, 196
Phalaris, 501
Phanodeinus, 526
Phenix. 624
Pherecrates, 460
Pherecvdes, 525. .526
Phial of tears, 303
Phidias, his works. 390
Phidon, coins of, 351
Phigalian marbles. 390
Philffi, obelisk of. 347
Philanthropists, .S19
Philemon, 461, 476
Philetas, 452, 453, 479, 496
Philip, of Macedon, 73
Philippi,siteof,22; battle of, 77
Philippides. 461
Philippus, 456
Philiscus, 459
Phiiistion, 462
Philistus. 526
Philo. of Biblus, 527; Judaeus,

528
Philochorus. 526
Philolaus, 505

Philology, works relating to,
447; study of at Constan-
tinople, 497; comparative,
324, 325
Philon, 518
PhilopoBuien. 75
Philosophy, favorite study of
Greeks, 338; general view
of the Greik, 504; Chris-
tian, 210. 544, 607, 608;
Roman, 604; authorities
respecting ancient, 510,608
Philnsirains, uncle and ne-
phew, 534
Philoxenes, 452, 461
Plilegon, eclipse named by, 64,
527



Phlegyas, 100

Phocian, or sacred war, 74

Phocians, 27

Phocylides, 454, 470

Phoebus, 100

Phoenician history, 70 ; lan-
guage and writings, 329;
art, 327, 386

Phoenix, see Phenix.

Phnrniis, 459

Phoroneus, 133

Pholius, 498

Phronto, 589, 603

Phrynicus, 458. 498

Phurnutus, or Cornutus, 525

Phylarchus, 527

Physical science among the
Greeks, 538; Romans, 640

Physicians, Greek, 536, 539;
Roman, 262, 638

Pictor Q. Fabius, 625

Picture-writing, 313

Pictures, earliest Greek, 410;
ancient described by Phi-
lostratus, 534

Picus, king »f Latins, 130

Pierus, 126

Pigments, of the ancients, 410,
412

Pilasters, 426

Pile, or Pyre, funeral, 149. 302

Pillars, or columns, 19, 420, 423,
424, 426

Pilpay, 511

Pindar, 452, 471

Pipe, of Pan, &c., 216, 217

Pirithnus, 135

Pisa, leaning tower at, 431

Pisistratns, 73, 177, 483

Piso Calpurnianus, 605

Placidus, 624

Placitns,640

Planudes, 456, 510,614

Plastic arts, 379

Plato, his philosophy, 507, 512;
his works, 512; "the comic,
460

Platonists, New, 509, 607

Platonius, 460

Platonopolis, 516

Plautus, 556, 567

Plays, of the Greeks, 172; Ro-
mans, 243, 295

Plebeians and Patricians at
Rome, 7.5, 253

Pleiades, tragic, 459; the con-
stellation, 108

Pleione, 105

Plinth, 424

Plinv (the elder), his Natural
history, 611, 616, 641; ac-
count of gems, 401

Pliny C. Caecilius, (the young-
er), 588, 591, 601, 602

Plotinus, 516

Plow, Grecian, 212 ; Roman,264

Plutarch, 515, 527, 532

Pluto, 98

Plutus, 118

Podalirius, 117

PcBcile, paintings in, 423

Poetry, origin and varieties of
Greek, 448; of Latin, 554;
mythic, 88

Poets, first philosophers of
Greece, 504; influence on
religion ofGreeks. 146; the
Greek, 463; the Laiin,554;
eatly Christian, 544, 561,
562

Polemarch at Athen?, 181

Polemo Perigetes, 456, 527

Polignac, his poem Anli-Lu-
eretius 570

3 M



Pollio, Virgil's 4th eel. 573 ; C.
Asinius, 556 ; Trebellius.
638

Pollux, Julius, 497; and Cas-
tor, 18, 135

Polysnus, 519,523,527

Polvbius, 526,530

Polycarp, 543

Polycletus, 615

Polycrates, signet of, 404

Polydectes, 133

Polydorus, 136

Polygamy, not allowed by the
Greeks, 220

Polyglott of Origen, 544

Polygnotus, 414

Polyhistor, work of Solinus,
619

Polyhymnia, 127

Polynices, 136

Pomona, 119

Pompeii, implements, &c., dis-
interred at, 201, 292, 294,
300, 415; baths of, 428;
beautiful mosaics from, S96

Pompeius, granjuiarian, 597;
historian. 627

Ponipey, 70. '^7

Pompey's Pillar, .55, 426

Poniponius, Atticus, 605, 625;
Mela, 619; Festus, 599; P.
Secundus, 556; L. Benoni-
ensis, 558,563

Pomptine marshes, 11

Pontiffs, Roman, 232

Poor, at Athens, how support-
ed, 183

Populace, Roman, 253

Population of Rome, 225

Populousness of ancient na-
tions, 178, 225

Porch, of Zeno, the Stoic, 339

Porcius Licinius, 563; Latro,
630

Porphyrio, 597

Porphyry, 516. 544

Porticos, 19, 31, 36, 38, 423

Portland vase, 387

Portraits and busts among
Greeks, 394,414, 415; Var-
ro's collection of, 415

Portumnus, 125

Posidonius, 527

Posthumius, 11

Posts, on Roman roads, 15

Potamo, 509

Pottery, Roman, 263

Pound, Roman, or libra, 270

Pracriti, Hindoo goddess, 94

Prffdial servitudes, 268

Prefects, 251, 285

Prseneste, mosaic of, 396

Praetorian soldiers, 284

Praetors, Roman, 249 ,

Pra^tus, 131

Pratiiias, 4.52, 461

Prayers, of Greeks, 147; of

Romans, 237
Praxagoras, 536
Praxilla. 452
Praxis, 527, 536, 628

Praxiteles, 390

Preaching of first centuries,

works on, 546
Precession of the equinoxes, a
means of settling dates, 64
Priam, palace of, 420; kingdom

of, 70
Priapus, 119

Priests and priestesses, Grrek,
147, 162; imposture of, 164;
Roman, 232, 2 j5 : classes
of them made Iv later
writers, 235



GENERAL INDEX.



Priscian, 337, 597, 600, 642

Prison of slate, at Rome, 260;
Sputa, 187, 191 ; Athens
and other places, 187

Prizes, in the musical contests,
(fee, 336; funeral games,
2-2-2. 304

Proba Falconia, 584

Probiis, scholiast on Virgil, 573

Procession at the Cirrensian
games, 213 ; triumphal, 283 ;
funeral, 302

Procliis, 509. 517

Proconsuls, 252

Procopius, 464, 490, 528, 535

Prorris, 115

Proculus Sempronius, 644

Proilicus, 490

Prodromus, 482

Professions, not separated an-
ciently, 334, 338; at Rome,
262

Profiles on ancient medals,
319, 373

Prologue in comedy, 557

Proiiuuriation of Greek, 436;
f.f L-.ui.i, 5t9

Properiiiis, 561, 572

Property, among Romans, 268 ;
basis of division into class-
es, 253

Propraetors, 252

Pro(lll3e^<tors, 252

Prose coinposii ion, applied first
to history, 525,526

Proserpine. 99, 112

Prosper, 628

Protasoras, 508

Protocol, 332

Protf><:enes, 414

Provinces, Roman, 226, 258

Provinrial magistrates of Ro-
mans, 252, 258

Prndentius, 561, 585

Pryiaiies, at Athens, 184

P-sammeticus, 71

Psellus, 538

Psyche, and Cupid, story of,
1(17, 402, 612

Ptolemies, dynasty of, 71

Piolemy riamtius, 518, 519, 522

Ptolemy VII., 496

Publicans of the New Testa-
ment, 262

Publius Sulpitins, 587
gyrus, 558, 563, 577

Pulpit, eloquence of, 546; ori-
gin of the word, 247

Punctuaiioii, ancient. 331, 354

Piiiiic laiiffunee, 40, 563
Wars, 72'

Punishments, Athenian, 186,
199 ; Spartan, 191 ; Ro-
man, 260; of Roman sol-
diers, 275

Purifications, Greek, 147, 163;
Roman, 239

Purple dye, its costliness, 297

Pvijinies", 125

Pylfdes. r^5S

Pyramidal tablets for writing,
331

Pyramids, 5.5, 12.3,419

Pvriroieles, gem-engraver, 404

P) rrhH, 133 ^

Pvrrho, 509

Pyrrhonists, 509, 607

P'vrrhus, in Italy, 76

Pythagoras, founder of Italic
schoi.l, 360, 505 ; fragments
of, 470

Pythaeoreans. 607; New, 509,

607
Pyiheas 519.521



Pythian games, 101, 174, 336
Pytho, 101

Q.

QufEstors, Roman, 250
Queen of gods, 96
Quinctius Atta, 556, 557
Quinquatria, 104
Quintilian, 59.3, 595
Quintus, or Cointus, 450, 480
Qumtus Curtius, 627,635; No-

vus, 558; .Septimius, 628;

Se\tius,607; Trabeas, 556 ;

Tubero, 605
Quirites, rights of, 258
Quoit, or Discus, 173, 243

R.

Rabirius, C. 559

Race, Grecian, 172; Roman,
243

Races or families at Rome, 286

Rainbow personified, 96, 115

Raising a child, 287

Rama. Hindoo deity, 110

Ras Sem, the petrified city, 56

Readers, professed, 337, 366

Reading-books, or Selections,
in study of language, 439,
442

Reed, instrument for writing,
332

Reformation by Luther, 342

Refunees from Constantinople,
313, 443, 497

Rehearsals by ancient writers,
3H7, 367, 369

Religion of the Greeks, 145,
160; expenses of, 182; the
Romans, 229

Renatus, 618

Repasts, of Greeks, 157, 204;
Romans, 293

Residents, at Athens, 178

Revenue of Athens, 181; of
Rome, 261

Reviewing, in the study of
languages, 439

Review- muster, or Armilus-
irium, 242

Rewards at Athens. 187 ; Spar-
ta, 191; of Roman soldiers,
274; Roman generals, 283

Rhadamarithus, 100

Rhapsodists, 328, 337, 449, 465

Rhea, 93

Rhetoricians, discriminated
from Sophists, 490; Ro-
man, 5P2

Rhianus, 450

Rhodes, Greek letters at, 34

Riches, eod of, 118

Riding on horseback, 156, 266

Rights, of citizetis and subjects
of Rome, 258

Ring, badse of knighthood, 256;
of Gyges, 99; Polycraies,
404

Rings, 299; gems in, 405

Rites, of marriage, 220, 287;
religious, 147, 118, 237

Rivers called inffmal, 99

Roads, Roman, 15

Rolls, ancient form of books,
332, 363 ; Herculanean, 355

Roman sculpture, 391; archi-
tecture, 427 ; antiquities,
227 ; literature, 359, 365, 549

Romances, 500, 601 ; first mo-
dern, 5.36

Romanesque, 435

Romans, origin of, 3.59; their
empire, 75, 226; must bril-
liant era, 227



Rome, goddess of, 119; foun-
dation of, 225; government
of, 248, 249 ; extent of em-
pire, 226; progress of let-
ters in, 365, 549; luxury
and decline, 227; classes
or division of the people,
252 ; authenticity of its
early history, 359, 625;
population, 225 : topogra-
phy, 16; chronology of, 75

Romulus and Remus, 225

Rope-dancers, 214

Roscius, actor at Rome, 557

Rosptta stone or inscription,
316

Rotunda or Pantheon, 17

Rousseau, on invention of lan-
guage, 312

Rowers, their benches in the
ancient galley, 202

Royal Society of Literatiire,321

Ru'brick, from rubrica, 332

Rufinianus, 593

Rufinus, 585

Rufus, poet, 559; physician,
537 ; historian or geogra-
pher, 616, 627, 637

Runic wands, 331

Runners among the Greeks,
199

Running, one of the games, 172

Rural deities, 120

Rusticus, 627

Rutilius Lupus, 593,594; Nu-
matianus, 562, 6S6; Rufus,
625; Taurus, 622

S.

Sabinus, Aulas, 576 ; Masuri-
us, 644

Saccas, 509

Sacer, Mt 76

Sackbut, 217

Sacred or Phocian War, 74, 165

Sacred poetry of Greeks, 448

Sacrifices, human, 91 ; of the
Greeks, 147, 14S, 103; Ro-
mans, 232, 237; origin of,
148

Saddles and stirrups. 266

Saguntum, siege of, 76

Salamat or Memnoti, statue of,
115

Salaries, at Rome. 262

Sale by auction. 268

Salic Hymns, 554 ; Priests, 235

SalUist, Roman historian, 630

Salt, token of friendship, 207

Salt-works, Roman. 262

Silus, goddess of health, 118

Salustius, Greek mvthogra»
pher, 525

Salvius Liberalis, 589; Julia
nus, 644

Sami.ionicus, 562,610, 612

Samuel, 69

Sanconiathon, 527

Sanscrit language, 325

Sappho, 452, 455, 469

Saracenic arciiitecture, 431

Sardanapalus, 69

Sardis, burning of, 73

Sardonic laugh, 40

Satire, Roman, £65



Online LibraryJohann Joachim EschenburgManual of classical literature : from the German of J.J. Eschenburg, with additions → online text (page 152 of 153)