Johann Joachim Eschenburg.

Manual of classical literature : from the German of J.J. Eschenburg, with additions online

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Saturn, 91

Salurnian verse, 554

Satyre dramatic d liferent from
satire, 461, 462

Satyrs, 130

Saxon Language, &c., 614

Scoevola, 587, 605, 644

Scaliger, against Erasmus, 591

Scaling ladders, 280



GENERAL INDEX.



6S7



Pwrtirahaei ?enis, 403
Scaiiriis, Tereniius, 596
Scepters. 248
Schiva, Hindoo deity, 110
Scholiasls, Greek, 443, 497
Schools, of painting and sculp-
ture in Greece, 3S9 414;
of philosophy, 3.S9, S4i, £05 ;
of niHdicine, 536, 639. See
Seniiuaries.
Scipio, lornl) and inscription
of, 371,567; Africaniis. his
love of philosophy, 605;
conqueror of Carthage, 77 ;
Nasica, 5S7
Scironian rocks, 29
Scolion orskolion, 452
Scopas, works of, 390
Scribonius Largus, 639, 642
Scriptures, Sacred, in Greek
language, 541, 542; attest-
ed in Pagnn fictions, 84
Sculptors, eminent Greek, 3S8,



Sculpture, ancient, 381 ss ; ma-
terials used in, 382 ; inven-
tion of, 382, 385 ; Asiatic,
3^6 ; Egyptian, 385 ; among
the Greeks, 387; history
of in Greece, 388; remains
of. 392
Scylax, 519, 521
Scylla and Charybdis, 132
Scyiimus, 455

Scythian gunrds at Athens, .32
Sea-fight, 203, 282; mock, 243
Seals, sculptured gems used
for, 405; seal of Angelo,
407; of Polycrates, 404
Seasons person ilied, 61. 127
Seatur,Gernian deity,9i;62 ("537
Sects or schools ininedicine;536
Secis of Greek philosophy, 505
Sedulius, 586
Seleucid£e, 70
Self-devotion, 239
Selinuntine marbles, 389
Semele, 109

Seminaries of early Christians,
342: of ancient Greeks,339;
Romans, 366, 369
Semiramis, 69
Semitic languages, 325
Sempronius Proculns, 644
Senate, Atherian, 1S4 ; Spar-
tan, 190; Roman, 256
Seneca, L. Aimaeus, 556, 579
602, 605, 610, 640; M. An-
naeus, 593. 594
Senecio, 627, 629
Sentius Augurinns, 564
Septimius, arch of, 395
Septuagint, origin of, 541; chro-
nology of, 66
Sepulchers, Greek, 222; of
early Christians, 223; Ro-
nian in England, 303
Sequester, 620
Serapion. 537, 544
Serapis, 123

Serenus Septimius, 560, 564
Serfs, in Italy. 290
Serpent, in fables respecting
Apollo, and Crishna, 101 ;
emblem of health, 117
Sertorian war, 8
Servilius. Marcus, 627
Servitudes. 268

Servius Sulpiciiis, lawyer, 644
Servius, comii>j;iitaior on Vir

gil, 573, 5t-
Sesnstris, 71
Sesterce, value of, 267
Seth, pillars of, 308, 309



Sethus Simeon, 511
Setinus Balbus, 580
Seven, sages of Greece, 504
wonders of the world, 114

Severus, arch of, 395
Severus Cornelius, 576; Sane-

tus, 561
Sev\ ers of Rome, 19, 428
Sextius, 509

Sextus Empiricus, 509, 516;

Placitus, 640; Pomponius,

645 ; Rufus, 616, 637 ; Tur-

pilius, 556

Shaft, of column, 424

Shield, a poem ascribed to He-

siod, 467 ; the sacred, 235
Shields, ancient, 153, 194, 274;
manufacture of, 487; of
Hercules and Achilles, 153
Ships, Grecian, 154, 200; Ro-
man, 282
Shipwreck, practice of those

surviving, 238
Shoes, 208, 298; of horses 2f6
Short hand, Greek, 333, 363;

Roman, 363
Shows or spectacles at Rome,
243 '

Siamese alphabet, 315
Sibyls, 449; books of, 240
Sidonian artists, 327
Sidonius Apoljinaris, 604
Sieges, manner of, 198, 280;

celebrated, 282
Sigaean inscription, 344
Signals of battle, 198
Signets, 404, 40.% 407; that of

Polycrates, 404
Signs, in the heavens, &c. 167
Silence, god of, 124
Sileni, 130
Silenus, curious image of, at

Paros, 110
Silio, Memorial of, 348
Stilus Italiciis, 560, 581
Silk, known to the ancients,

209, '^98
Sillic poetry, 462
Silver coins of Romans, 37?, .375
Simonides, 452, 453, 455, 462
Singing at feasts, 207
Sirens, 125, 126
Sisenna, 625
•■^istrum, 218
Sisyphus, 100
Siva, Hindoo deity, 95
Skeleton, of priest found at

Pompeii, 374
Skeptic philosophers, 509, 607
Skiagraphy, 410
Skins, material for writing. 331
Slaves in Greece. 159, 178, ISO ;
at Sparta, 189; Rome, 285,'
289; patron goddess of the
freed, 120, 290; trade in,
263; republic ofin Sicily, 41
Sleep, god of. 130
Sneezing, ominous, 149
Sobriquet or burlesque name,



2ft6



social entertainments, 214, 295

War, in Italy, 77
Society, primitive state of, 310,

311
Socrates, letters of, 502; his

philosophy, 505 ; method

of teaching, 338; ridicule

of, 476 ; his trial, &c., 74 ;

disciples of, 506
Socratic gems, 404; sects, 506
Sofa-hed, 212
Sol, 114; s*.atue of, at Rhodes,

114



Solar Cycle, 63

Soldiers, classes of Grecla„
193; of Roman, 271 27-"> '

274? 28o'"''** ^^ ^'*"^"'
Solinus, C. Julius, 616, 619
Solomon, Song of, 477; reien
of, 69 ' ^"

Solon, his poetry, 469; his in-
fluence on Athens, 177,483
504; fragments, 469; tab-
lets of his laws, 331
Somnambulism, in ancient

limes, 166
Songs of the Greeks, 451, 452
Sophi.-^ts, Greek, 490; lives of,

Sophocles, 458, 473, 474
Sophron, 462
Sophronists, 335
Soranus, 537
Sosihius, 496
Sosiphanes, 459
Sosiiheus, 459
Sostratus, 427
Sotion, 509, 607

Soul, state of, after death 95'
weighing of, by Egyptians'

Spain, mines of, 262
Sparta, under Lycurgus, 142*
rival of Athens, 142;
changes in government,
151; system of education,
189, 335, 339; magistrates
of, 189; public meals, 190;
constitution, 188, 190; to-
pography, 36
Spartianiis, 638

Spectacles or shows, Roman.
243 '

Sphereof Chiron, 64
Sphinx, 132
Spintrian medals, 373
Spirits, departed, 99; fallen, 129
Spoils of war, how divided.
154, 199 '

Spoletto, aqueduct at, 10
Spurinna, 560
Spurs, 266
Stadia, 423
Stage, actors on Greek, 176;

parts of Roman, 247
Staircases, 291

Standards, military, Grecian.
198 ; Roman, 272 '

Statins, 560, 581
Statues, 381 ; ancient rude,
382 ; two most famous,
38.3, 390; Equestrian, 394;
classified, 383; use fre-
quent, 389; more numerous
than paintings, 414; where
placed, 389, 391 ; found at
Pompeii, 298, 394; at Her-
culaneum, 394
Stheno, 130

Stephens, family of printers.
394 J I ,

Stephanus, of Athens. 538; of

Byzantium, 519. 523
Slesicliorus, 452, 454
Stiletto, 365
Stilicho, 5b5
Stirrups, 266
Stoa, the Poecile, 339
Stohaeus, 517
Stoic philosophy, 507, 606
Stone, used for tools, 310
Stonehenge, 148
Stones, precious, 400
Storms, goddesses of, 128
Strabo, 519, 522; Roman poet,
556



688



GENERAL INDEX.



Strangers, treatment of by the
Greeks, 207

Strato, 456, 508

Strophes, 452, 45S

Structures of the Romans, 423

Stucco-paintins, 290

Studying languages, methods
of, 433, 550 ; in London
University, 439, 440 ; Bos-
ton Latin school, 550

Stvle, instrument for writing,
■ 332

Stvlobate, 424

Slvx. 99

Sudatory, 429

Suetonius, Tranquillus, 627,
635; Paulinus, 627

Suidas, 499

Suliotes, bravery of, 25

Sulpicia, 565

Sulpicius Rufus, 644

Sun, the Fountain of, 56; sta-
tue of at Rhodes, 42

Sun-dial, 60

Sun-god, 93; worship, 114

Superior gods, 91

Suppers of the Romans, 294

Supplicants, 147

Surgical instruments, of Ro-
mans. 263

Survey of Roman empire, 615

Susarion, 460

Swearing, among the Romans,
239

S\vin)ming among the ancients,
293

Swords, 196, 274 ; of Noricum, 7

Sybarites, 13, 15

Syenite, 54

Sylla, fabulist, 558

6ylla,and Marius, 77; conque-
ror of Athens, 177

Syllable-writing, 315

Syllogistic art, 508

Symbolical, language of the
Bible, 542 ; pictures, 313,
314

Symbols, the orisin of the Gre-
cian sods, 327; on medals,
349, 375

Symmachus, 592, 603

Symposia, 337

Synagosues, Jewish, in Gre-
cian cities, 541

Synchrelistic philosophy, 509

Syracuse, constitution of, 192;
topoL'raphy of, 40

Svria, kingdom of, 70

Syriic N. T., MS. copy of, 333,
356

Syrinx, 116

Sylhes, chariots armed with,
194



Table, Iliac, 451; of Isis, 123;

genealogical, of mytholo-

gv, 90 ; ancient for eating,

206, 294
Tables :.nd charts, 66
Tables, twelve, 261
Tablets for writing, 331, 333,

363, 365
Tabula Peutingeria, 620
Tachvgr.iphv, 333, 363
Tacitus, C. Cornelius, 589, 6S3
Taciics, Greek writers on, 519;

Roman, 615, 617
Talent, value of, 213
Talismans, 403
Tamniuz, Syrian deity, 106
Tantalus, 100, 136
Tapestry, ancient, 218
Tarentiiies, 13



Tarpeian rock, 16, 260
Tarquin, expulsion of, 75, 227
Tartarus, 99
Tassie's casts of ancient gems,

407
Tatian, 544
Tauchnitz, classics printed by,

650
Taxes at Rome, 261 ; Athens,

181
Teachers in Greek schools,
339; at Rome, 262, 366

Tears, preservation of, 303

Telesille, 452

Telesphorns, 118

Telestes, 452

Temples, ancient, 148, 421 ; se-
ven kinds of, 421 ; most
celebrated, 421 ; Grecian,
146, 148, 160; in lime of
Homer, 14S ; Roman, 18,
230 ; dedication of, &c.,
238; at Athens, 178; of
Jupiter Amnion, 95 ; of
Isis. 123; Janus, 18; Juno
Lacinia, 15; Nike Apteros,
390; Solomon's, 52, 69

Tents, of Greek soldiers, 154

Terence, 556, 569

Terentianus, IMaurus, 562

Terminus, 119

Terpander, 453, 455

Terpsichore, 127

Terra cotta, 263, 427

Teriullian, 608

Thales, founder of Italic school,
505

Thaletas. 452

Thalia, 127

Tharnyris, 448

Theatre, form of ancient,
422 ; remains, 422 ; per-
formances in, 176, 462; of
Romans, 246; of Greeks,
175; views of early Chris-
tians respecting, 559

Theban war, heroes of, 136

Thebes, constitution of, 192;
supremacy of, 74

Themis. 94, 117

Themison, 537

Themistius, 490, 494

Themistocles, eloquence of,
483; letters of, 502; emi-
nence in state, 73

Theocritus, 454, 477

Theodorus. Prodromus, 455,
4S2, 490: Gaza, 500; Pris-
cianns,642; of Rhodes, 491

Theodosian Code, 646; table,
620

Theodotus, 615

Theodulus, 500

Theognis, 454, 459, 469

Theogony. Greek, 87, 146

Theomancy, 167

Theon, Greek sophist, 493;
mathematician, 518

Theophanes, 527

Theophilus, 544

Theophrastus, philosopher,508,
514; naturalist, 538, 540

Theophylactus, 490, 599

Theopompus, 526

Theraiiienes, 4S4

Thersander, 136

Theseus, 134; his temple at
Athens, 390

Thespis, 458

Thessaly, 24

Thomas Magister, 500

Thrace, 20, 21, 145

Thracian, school of poetry, 448

Thracians, widows, 149



Thraseus Psetus, 629
Thrasybulus, 177
Thrasyllus, monument of, 33
Threshing-floor, 264
Thucydides, 526, 529
Thundering legion, 516
Thunder-stones, 310
Thyestes, 136
Thynibra, battle of, 70
Thyone, 109

Thyrsus, of Bacchus, 110
Tiberius. 6-27
Tibullus, 561, 571
Timaeus, of Locri, 513 ; the
grammarian, 49S; histo-
rian, 527
Timagenes, 527
Time, personified, 91
Timocreon, 453
Timon, 459, 462
Timotheus, 452
Tiresias, 4-19
Tiryns, walls at, 420
Tisias, 490
Titanides, 91, 124
Titans, 124
Tithonus, 114
Titianus, 616
Titinius,557
Titles of ancient books, how

written, 332
Titus, arch of, 395; conqueror,

70
Tityus, 100
Toilet, Grecian, 209; Roman,

299, 300
Tomb, of Cyrus, &c., 223 ; Ro-
man at Pompeii, 303; at
Cyrene, 66; of Virgil, 12
Tombs of early Christians, 303
Tongues, confiision of, 309, 325
Tone, or accent, in Greek, 437
Tools, in architecture, 418
Topography, of Rome, 16; of

Athens', 28; Sparta, 36
Torso, the statue, 393
Totila, Rome laid waste by,

225
Towers, ancient, 281 ; Leaning

tower ..f Pisa, 431
Towns, with tiames ending in

Chester, 280
Trade, at Rome,263; in slaves,

289
Traditions of mythology, 83
Tragedy, Greek, 457; Roman,

555
Trajan, colunm of, 395; bis

epigrams, 456
Transcribers, 333
Translation, practiced ny Ro-
man oratnrs, 367 ; of Latin
authors into Greek, 497;
utility of the exercise of,
439
Translations of the classics,

650
Translucent stone, 290
Travels, of ancient scholars,

310, 368
Treasury, Athenian, 182; Ro-
man, 261
Treaties, 157, 234
Trebellins Pollio, 633
Trees, cultivated by Romans,

264
Trial, of persons accused, 135,

259
Triban, 331
Tribes, of Athens, 177, 178;

Sparta, 188; Rome, 252
Tribonian, Roman lawyer, 646
Tribunes. Roman, 76, 250.231
Trident, 98



GENERAL INDEX.



Trblyplis. 424

Tripods, choragic, 337; conse-
crated to Apollo, 149, 165;
•itreel of, 33

TrJ>rtoleiiuiS!, 110

TfKomes, 202

T|..-)negistus, 108, 449

rri!..ns, 125

Triumph of Roman generals,
i83

friiimvirate, 77, 252, 267

Tr-imis Pompeiiis, 625, 627, 632

Tro.an histnrv, 70; cycle, 451;
•var, 70, 72

T hies, 19, 149, 199

' - • hoiiius, oracle of, 166

'.■.t:,ipRts, 217

'rtyfhiodorus, 450. 481

T-. ; ho Jnfla"us, 544

' '^ , hon.496, 498

' ! .l-(;ain, 107
'. '..can hieroglyphics, 314;

• rchitecture, 420
!:;r el of Pausilypus, 12
IS, Roman satirist, 565
in order, 424, 427
> of the Calydonian boar,

■< • 've Tables, laws of, 261,
:: a, 643
_;. 'i.-'is, 136
" vii : anum, 424
T\!'ti in, 125, 132
Ty-ar.nio, his library, 368
Tyrmmy, Roman, over pro-

vmces, 258
Tyri? is, the thirty, 74, 177
Ty. capture of, by Alexan-

r, 70
T-' us, 453, 468

■ is, 482, 499

U.

■ s 645

s, 137, 466
characters, 330,354
;i- ■► ntary vases, 401
Lirania, 127
Uranus,- 113
Tfrin?, Jupiter, 345

i.> for voting, 184; for de-
iitjnff the ashes of the
Id, 221, 303
s, ancient, found at

■ mpeii, 291, 300, 374; re-
sented on Egyptian mo-
ments, 232 "^

■iiii^ of classical studies, 320



Velius Longus, 596
Velleius, Paierciilus, 627, 633
^■ellum, for writing, 365
Venus, 105; places sacred to
her, 106; de Medici, 392;
temple of, at Hierapolis,
106; at Paphfis, 53; Ana-
dyomene, 106, 414
Verginius Ronianus,557, 558
Verres, his spoliations, 345,

391
Verrius Flaccus, 556, 626
Verses in fantastic forms, 477
Versions of DiMe, early, 544
Vertumnns, 119
Vessels, for holding wine, 296,
297; of war, 200, 282; sa-
crificial, 232
Vesta, 93, 113
Vestal virgins, 113, 236
Vestritius Spurinna, 560
Vettius Valens, 639
yfo'nis Sequester, 616, 620
Vices, deified, 122



Victiujs, in sacrifice, 237
Victor, Sextus Aureliui



636



us, 627



V.

v.. lor. 18
Valer;j:nus, 640
ValtTi- s, Flaccus, 480, 560, 580 ;
.'! .'ituus, 563; Maximus,

• - .633; Probus, 596; An-
twih, 625; Julius, his ac-
0' ' nt of Alexander, 527,
e-2i»; Caio, 596

V.Tllyy jfMoffeta, 12
Vaiii.ir. Hindoo poet, 110
ValpyN classics, 650
Variorum classics, 6^9
Variiis Luciu«, 556, 559
Varrisi', on ancient statues,

3r3
l^arro. 621, 625 ; Atacinus, 559,

Mi2; Tereniius, 368, 565,

5%, 597, 616
leases, Tuscan, 387, 394, 415;

ini'rrhine, 401 ; Panathe-

; ,172; sacrificial, 232;

•• N ptian, 124

• .5,618, 640
Vt s, 2li8, 209

87



Victorinus, 560, 593, 597, 637
Victory, goddess of, 120, 585;
image on coins, 373; re-
wards of, 199, 204
Vigils, or watches of Romans,

59
Villas, or country seats of Ro-
mans, 12, 291
Vindicianus, 640
Violet, robe of office, 297
Vi(>lin, ancient, 217
Vipsanius Agrippa, 615, 626
Virginitis Rnfus. 593
Virgil, 559, 561, 562, 572
Virgo, 117

Vishnu, Hindoo deity, 95
Virtues, deified, 122
Vitrum obsidianum, 406
Vitruvius, 615,618
Voconius, 589
Volaterrae, hypogea of, 387
Volumes in itncieut libraries.

368
Volumiiius, 626
Volutes, 424
Vopiscus Flavius, 638
Voyages, 519; imaginary, 500
Voting, Athenian mode of, 183,

184; Roman, 256, 257
Vows, 238
Vulcan, 107
Vulcanalia, 107

Vulcatius Sedigitus, 564; Gal-
licanus, 638



Wages of Roman soldiers, 274
Walls, Roman in England, 40.

430 B » .

Wand of Apollo or Mercury, lOJ

War, heroes of the Theban,
136; of the Trojan, 136
affairs of, among Greeks,
153, 193; Romans, 270
declaration of, 197, 234;
the Social, 77; the Sacred,
165; the Sertorian, 8; of
Troy, Bryant's view of it,
137

War-chariots, 193

War-engines, 280

War-galleys, 200, 282

Wards or boroughs of Attica,

Warwick vase, 394
Watches,divisions of the night,
60, 240, 2S0



Watch-word, 280
Water-clock, 60
Waterloo medals, 407
Wax, tablets of, 332; palntin"
in, 412 ' •- o

Wealth, instances of Roman.

267; god of, 118
Weapons or arms, of the an-
cients, 153, 194, 274
Wedgewood's imitations of

antiques, 387, 406
Weeding, goddess of, 120
W'eek, known to Egyptians, 61
Weights and measures, Greek,

214 ; Roman, 266
Well of Syene, 54
Widows, burning of at fune-
rals, 149
Wife of the Rex Sacrorum, and
of the Flamen Dialis, 234.
235 '

WMlls, 221

Wind-instruments of music.
217 '

Wind, woven, 209
Windows, of Roman houses.

290
Winds, as gods, 12^; temple

of, 31, 60 ^ y

Wine-cellars, 291, 296
Wines, of Greeks, 204; of Ro-
mans, 295; history of, 204,
297 J . ^

Winfrid, 599, 637
Winter-quarters, of Roman

soldiers, 280
Wise men, the seven, 504
Witnesses in courts, 239
Women, condition and em-
ployments of among tne
Greeks, 158,218; Romans.
287
Wonders of the world, seven,

114,518
World, as known to the an-
cients, 3
Worship, Greek religious, 148;

Roman, 237
Wrestling, 173, 243
Writers, on value of the clas-
sics, 319, 320; on different
topics of the Arcliseology
of Literature or Art, 320,
321; on inscriptions, 343,
370; on coins and medals,
353, 374; on manuscripts,
355, 357, 376,377; on Es-
thetics, 381 ; on Tuscan
remains, 387; on ancient
sculpture, 394, 396, 398; on
engraved gems, 408, 409;
on paintings among the
ancients, 415, 416; on an-
cient architecture, 419, 420,
422, 430; on branches con-
nected with Greek litera-
ture, 442, ss.; Roman litera-
ture, 554,ss.; modern Greek
literature, 343; on mytho-
logy, 88, 89; on Greek
antiquities, 144, 146; Ro-
man antiquities, 227, 228;
Roman military affairs,
270; ancient weights and
measures, 270; classical
geography, 445, 552 ; chro-
nology, 66, 445, 552; on
horology, 60; topography
of Rome, 16; topography
of Athens, 33; of Sparta,
38; Byzantium, 20; Ba-
bylon and Nineveh, 53;
Jerusalem, 52.— See r
references under spe



GENERAL INDEX.



subjects; e.g. for writers
on Jewish history, see
Jewish history, in this In-
dex.

Writing, successive steps in
the invention of, 313 ; Mex-
ican, 313; Egyptian, 314;
Tultecan, 312; Persepnji-
tan and Babylonian, 316;
Chinese method of, 315;
Cherokee, 316 ; Grecian,
328, 329; materials used in,
331; whether practiced in
time of Homer, 333, 461;
Latin terms respecting,
364, 365

Writing Greek and Latin, use-
ful exercise, 439, 550; helps
for, 445, 552



X.

Xanthus, historian, 526
Xenocles, 461
Xenocrates. 537
Xenophanes, 454, 508
Xenoplion, of Ephesus, 503 ; of

Athens, historian, 511, 519,

526, 529
Xerxes, l?ing of Persia, 70
Xiphiiinus, 533



Year, division of by the an-
cients, 62,240; the Annus
Magnus, 624

Yero or Jero, 117

Young, time of burying among
the Greeks, 221

Youth, goddess of, 96



Z.

Zaleucus, 505

Zama, battle of, 72, 77

Zendavesta, 449

Zeno, the stoic, 507: of Elea,

50S
Zenobia, 494
Zenodotus, 496
Zenodoxus, 615
Zeuxis, 414

Zodiac, of Denderah,54
Zoilus, 496
Zonares, 528, 535
Zones, 4

Zoology, father of, 538
Zoroaster, 449
Zosimus, historian, 528, 535;

of Egypt, 538



THE END.



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Online LibraryJohann Joachim EschenburgManual of classical literature : from the German of J.J. Eschenburg, with additions → online text (page 153 of 153)