John; Arrol Arrol.

The Arrol, Arroll and Arrell families online

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Dumbartonshire, Scotland to the United States in 1886. Their daughter, Mary Ballingall
Kate Arrol, who was married in 1909 to George Herbert Lamson II, had a son bom in
1940 whom they named Arroll Liscomb Lamson. Arroll married in 1935 to Marguerite
(Peggy) Brechbuhler. They had two sons, one of whom was bom in 1943 and was
named Robert Arroll Lamson. Robert was married in 1967 to Cheryl Elliott and one of
their two sons, who was bom in 1972, was named Craig Arroll Lamson. Barbara
Johnston Arrol, bom in 1879 in Glasgow, married in 1910 to John Fox in Glasgow. This
family used the name Arrol as a middle name for three of their six children. They were



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James Arrol Fox bom in 1907; John Arrol Fox bom in 1908; and Robert Arrol Fox bom
in 1911. All three of these children were bom in Glasgow,

Mary Hodgart Arrol was bom in 1854 in Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland. She married
in 1884 to David Robertson McLardie. A son was named Arrol McLardie. Another son,
James, married Margaret Underwood. They had a son, Thomas Wilson Arrol McLardie,
bom in 1916 in Edinburgh. This son was known as Arrol'. He married in 1941 to
Sheilah McDonald and their children were named; Lindsay Arrol McLardie; Julie Arrol
McLardie; and Nigel Arrol McLardie who was bom in 1947. Nigel married Maggie Van
Hegen Allan in 1975 in Glasgow. Their two children were named Jane Van Hegan Arrol
McLardie, bom in 1980 in Edinburgh, and James Hamilton Arrol McLardie, bom in 1983
at Bangour, Lothian, Scotland.

Ruby Etta Arrol, bom in 1888 in St. Paul, Minnesota, married William Edwin Bryant Sr.
They had a daughter, Rosemary, who married Wayne Portland Warlick in 1946 in San
Diego, Califomia. They had a grandson whose given name was Arrol.

Janet Arrol was bom in 1837 at Houston, Renfrewshire. She married in 1862 to John
Hunter in Paisley. They had a son, John Hunter, who married Kate Gardner. John and
Kate had Eric Hunter who married Violet Connel. Eric and Violet had two children: 1)
James Henry Arrol Hunter, bom in 1924; and 2) John Arthur Arrol Hunter. John married
in 1951 to Rosemary Jackson Miller. They had; 1) Eric Michael Arrol Hunter bom in
1952; 2) Richard Jackson Arrol Hunter bom in 1955; and 3) Hamish Arthur Arrol Hunter.
Michael Arrol Hunter married in 1984 to Jan Howard and they had: 1) lona Louise Arrol
Hunter bom in 1982; and 2) Rory Rushton Arrol Hunter bom in 1989. Richard Jackson
Arrol Hunter married in 1982 to Christine Anne Perry Scott. They had: 1) Louise Anne
Arrol Hunter bom in 1987; and 2) Emma Scott Arrol Hunter bom in 1990.

Elizabeth Winifred Hervey Arrol married in 1940 to John Wilson Hume. They had
Clephane Arrol Hume bom in 1946 in Edinburgh.

Although it is not known if he was a descendent of a Scottish Arrol, there was an Arrol
Simms who was bom around 1950, who was an executive with the Pepsi-Cola
Corporation in Canada. He was killed around the year 1986 in a skiing accident at
Whistler Mountain Ski Run 100 kilometres north of Vancouver. Susan Simms, his
widow, and their three children were awarded $1.2 million by the British Columbia
Supreme Court. The court ruled that Simms was partially at fault for taking risks on an
intermediate ski run. (31).



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CHAPTER n
THE ORIGINS OF THE ARROLS A^fD ARROLLS



I. ORIGIN OF THE NAME

As an introduction to the origin of the name Arrol and Arroll, it is well to keep in mind
that although we now all have surnames, this was not always so. We cannot easily
realize the time when John, James, William, Elizabeth, or Margaret were each satisfied
with a single name, nor reflect that the use of two names is not a refinement dating from
an obscure and unknown antiquity, but quite within the reach of record and history.

The Normans are thought to have been the first to introduce the practice of fixed
surnames among us, certainly a little while before the Conquest some of those
adventurers had taken family names from their chateaux in Normandy. "Neither is there
any village in Normandy," says an authority on the subject, "that gave not denomination
to some family in England." But that these Norman surnames had not been of long
standing is very certain. They begin to appear somewhat less than 160 years before the
Norman Conquest of 1060. Either in imitation of Norman lords, or from the great
convenience of the distinction, the use of fixed surnames arose in France about the year
1000, came into England sixty years later with the Norman Conquest, and reached
Scotland about the year 1100. (1)

Surnames, which tend to be the hallmark of modem clans, were not in general use
throughout the Highlands until at least the seventeenth century; and were not in remote
areas for a further hundred years. (2) The earliest documented mention of the name
Arrol, or derivatives thereof, is the name of a small town of Errol in Scotland. Errol is
located on the northeastern bank of the Tay estuary off the North Sea. Errol is described
as being on the Carse of Gowrie, which is a low, flat, alluvial district, stretching along
the northern bank of the Tay from KinnouU Hill in Perthshire to the Dundee Law in
Angus. It is flanked along its northern boundary by the Sidlaw Hills. For the most part
the Carse is less than 50 feet above the sea. Here and there it is studded with mounds,
which may rise to an elevation of over 100 feet, which provides sites for villages or
hamlets. (3) The parish of Errol sits on one such an elevation in the Carse of Gowrie.

Errol is now a small village with a population of approximately 2,500. The author of the
history of Errol writes that, "The name of Errol' is of great antiquity and considerable
doubt exists as to its significance. The first mention made of the name is about the year
980 when. ..the country was freed from invading Danes largely by the timely action of the
Haysof Errol." (4)

Research reveals at least three possible sources of the name Errol, Arrol, or the variant
spellings thereof In Johnston's Place Names of Scotland . Errol is defined circa 1 190 as
being from Erolyn, while circa 1535 as being derived from Arole. This source indicates



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that Errol is perhaps derived from the Picts ar role, meaning "on the dingle' (5) (i.e. a
wooded valley).

A different perspective is offered by the author of the Errol History in the New Statistical
Account who writes, "The most ancient form in which the name of this parish appears
in the records is Arroll, although at a very early period we also find it written Erroll. The
two different forms of the orthography continued to be used indiscriminately till the end
of the 17th Century. The name is now written Errol and is probably derived from the
Gaelic word Eariul, which signified Eastern landmark ~ a designation which the place
might naturally receive from persons entering this part of Scotland by sailing up the
Estuary of the Tay." (6)

A third possibility for the origin of the name, Errol, Arrol or the similar spellings is
offered by Dr. Edmond Mills who has written that the name is "pure Cymric" (Brythonic)
"not Gaelic or Basque." He maintains the name is derived from aruerol and means, "a
brave man, or fighting man." (7) This possibility is given credence by the following facts.
The (Lowland) name Errol is omitted from Dr. Watson's Celtic Place-Names of Scotland .
Also, Johnson feels the name Errol has a fair claim to be Brython. He indicates the
"Brythonic invasion must have spread speedily all over England and Wales, (and). ..also
spread into Scotland as far north as Antonine's Wall twixt Forth and Clyde." (8)

Various Spellings of the Name

The name Errol is spelled in a number of different ways. In the Charter by William the
Lion it is spelled Herol. Some other spellings are Arrol, Arroll, Arrell, Errole, Herreall
and Arrile. (9) Other spellings are Arral, Arole, Erole, Arrele, and Arrel. The Society
of Genealogists in London have in their card file the following spellings: Arrell, Arell,
Aril, Airiel, Arrall, Arrol, and Arall. (10) Debrett Ancestry Service also lists the
following spellings of the name found while searching the records: Arid, Aroll, Arrel,
Errill, Arrall, Errl, Errel, and Errol. (11) The name has also been spelled Earl. (12)

The many spellings of the name often came about as a result of poor penmanship,
spelling of the name incorrectly by the record keeper, and/or failure to translate the name
correctly, perhaps as the result of the changes in style of handwriting from previous
centuries until today. Study of the records in the General Records Office in Edinburgh,
Scotland illustrate the difference in spellings of the name within the same family quite
dramatically. As a result there are branches of the same family today who spell their
names differently. The most common variation in the spelling of the name is the spelling
as ARROL by some and ARROLL by others. In the 1600's and 1700's not many people
could read and write. Therefore, the person who could write, wrote what he heard.
Different individuals heard different pronunciations and spelled the name the way they
heard it. As a result several different spellings of the name often developed for the same
individual and family. The same individuals often had their names spelled variously as
Arrol, Arroll, Arrel or Arrell at different times such as at their birth, marriage, or when
their children were bom. In the 1800's the name was spelled Arrol or Arroll for the same



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family in different records. In modem times the spelling Arrel or Arrell has disappeared
in Scotland except for the Arrell's descendents who relocated to Scotland from Northern
Ireland.

Pronunciation of the Name

The pronunciation of the name Arrol also differs. If the name is spelled Arrol or Arroll,
it will generally be pronounced to rhyme with barrel. Most Arrol or Arrolls in the United
States pronounce the name Ar ol, not enunciating the second r. In Scotland there is a
greater tendency to roll the r's and to pronounce the name "R roll". If the name is spelled
Arrell, the pronunciation of the name will generally depend upon its derivation. If it is
of Scotch-Irish, (i.e. of Ulster derivation) the name will be again pronounced to rhyme
with barrel. However, it is often pronounced to rhyme with hell.

II. EARLIEST REFERENCES

The first mention of the name Errol' is about the year A.D. 980 when Scotland was freed
from invading Danes. This mention is associated with the place name Errol. A reference
was also made to a quote, "The most ancient form in which the name of this parish
appears in the records is Arroll..." No mention is made of the time frame of this form
of spelling, but, again, the reference is to the place name.

The earliest mention of the family name is to the name ' Arral' in "An Account of the
Family of Drumikill". The period covered is 1329-1370. This account is quoted below:

The estate of Drumikill, with a great many other lands in the east parts of the parish
of Drymen, (as far as a traditional account may be relied on,) did of old belong to
the name of Arral, which name, in the minority of King David Bruce, having
associated with the enemies of their prince and country, they, upon the reduction of
their adherents, not only continued obstinate in their rebellion, but in further
aggravation of their guilt, committed divers other insolencies, which in the end gave
just cause for their whole lands being forfeited, and letters of fire and sword being
directed against them. The execution of these letters being committed to the laird
of Buchanan, he did, with no small difficulty and blood-shed, bring the surviving
remainder of these Arrals to justice. Among the number of these was Thomas Arral
of Drumikill, commonly termed Taus na Dunnach . or Thomas the mischievous. The
king is said to have offered this gentleman a pardon at the place of execution, which
he refused, disdaining to liveafter so many of his name, who had lost their lives
through his influence, and in his quarrel. After the subversion of these Arrals,
Buchanan, in reward of his service against them obtained Drumikill, Easter and
Wester Ballats, and some other parts of their lands, lying most contiguous to his
own estate which the lairds of Buchanan retained in their own hands, tillthe one-half
of Drumikill, with Easter Ballat, was given to Carbeth's ancestor, as the other half,
with Wester Ballat, was given to Drumikill's, at the times the ancestors of these two
families came off that of Buchanan.



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There is a current tradition, that the laird of Buchanan gave the half of the estate of
Drumikill, with Wester Ballat, and some other lands, formerly belonging to the Arrals,
to one of his sons long before the ancestor of the present family of Drumikill came off
Buchanan's family, and that of Thomas, the first of his present race, for his first lady
married the heiress of the principal person of the old family. And that which favours
somewhat this account is, that the ancestors of the Buchanans of Drumhead and Wester
Ballat, though always reputed cadets of Drumikill, can produce some evidents of their
lands of a date not long posterior to the most ancient now in custody of Drumikill. But
having found no document either among the late Buchanan's or Drumikill's evidences that
can in any measure clear this allegation, (1 must leave as undetermined, if not nigh
improbable, if we had seen any such evidences, the same weight of some contingency or
other, as are a great many of these Buchanan's and the whole of Saron MacAustair's most
ancient writer)...(13)

The phrase in parenthesis at the end of the account may not be totally accurate because
of the difficulty in deciphering.

Geographically, Drymen is located 14 miles northeast of Dumbarton, and approximately
20 miles northwest of Glasgow. The parish is in Stirlingshire, in the southeast comer of
Loch Lomond, and adjacent to Dumbartonshire. Drumhead is located 2 miles east of
Drymen, and Easter Ballat is located 4 miles east of Drymen on the road to Stirling. The
general area is identified with the Clan Buchanan and the Clan Graham of Montrose.
This area is a considerable distance from the town of Errol in Perthshire, and the family
name Errol or Arrol is not found in the area of the town of Errol in the eastern part of
Perthshire at this early date.

It might be well at this point to discuss the spelling of the names Dumbarton and
Dumbartonshire. The names will often be spelled with the form "Dun". The burgh,
which gives its name to the county, has had the spelling with "Dum" for three centuries
or more. It is only since the 1930's that the form with "Dun" has appeared on Ordnance
Survey Maps for the county name. Today the spelling will be found in both forms and
popular usage now varies from place to place. Both are acceptable. (14) The spelling will
vary in this study depending upon the usage within the original source document.

Ill CLAN IDENTIFICATION

Clan Hay

Most Arrols and Arrolls will identify with the name Errol when they attempt to associate
with a clan. The clan charts list the family name Errol as being a sept of the Clan Hay.
As shown in the discussion of the origin of the name, there are several possible sources
or explanations of the origin and meaning of the place name Errol from which, no doubt,
the family name Arrol, Arroll, and Arrell, the three most common spellings found, was
derived. According to John Mackay who wrote an article on the Hays which was
published in the March/April 1988 issue of The Highlander, the Clan Hay lists the name
Arrol, Arroll, or Arrell as a sept of the clan. Although the Hays are closely identified



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with Errol, the Earl of Errol being the head of the Clan, there is a major question as to
whether or not the Hays were of the stock of Errol, assuming the existence of the family
of Errol prior to the date of the Charter establishing the Earl of Errol on 2 1 July 1662.
In spite of tradition, it appears that the Hays are descendents of foreign settlers in
Scotland around the time of the Norman Conquest. Records indicate that Hay was a
Lothian name in the Twelfth and Thirteenth centuries. (15)

The story of the establishment of the nobility of the Hays of Errol is of relevance, if for
no other reason than to be thorough, to aid further research to establish or disprove a
connection between the Hays and the Arrol/Arroll and Arrells.

The families of Errol and KinnouU are generally said to have their descent from "an
individual said to have been bom in Errol." There is a legend dating from the
middle ages that in about the year 980 the Danes landed in Perthshire and defeated
the Scots. In their flight the Scots had to defile through a narrow pass. An old man
and his two sons were ploughing nearby. Arming themselves with their agricultural
implements - the old man himself with the yoke that yoked his two oxen to the
plough-they stationed themselves in the pass, and slew all, Scot and Dane, who
came past. This soon rallied the Scots, and led by the gallant three, they routed the
Danes and saved Scotland.

The legend continues that the grateful King offered the old man as much land in the
fertile Carse of Gowne as a hound would run over, or a falcon cover in her flight.
He chose the falcon's flight, and the lands (extending several miles) so covered were
the lands of Erroll (in Perthshire) by the red Tay. Various ancient boundary stones
of these lands are still held in local veneration, and called the falcon's stones. At
the westermost stone (which can still be seen, and on which the falcon is said to
have alighted on its return from the encircling flight) is still a hamlet called
Hawkstone. The easternmost stone is on what is now Lord Kinnaird's property at
Rossie, where it is pointed out to visitors.

Another of these stones was brought to Buchan when the Errols sold Erroll in
Charles Ist's reign, and kept as a wishing-stone at Slains Castle. It is now at
Kilmarnock Arms Hotel, carefully preserved for the present Countess of Erroll by
the kindness of the proprietors there. In the course of time the legend was
embellished, and it was told that this was the stone on which the exhausted old man
rested after the battle, sighing. Hooch, hey' - thus giving rise to the surname of Hay!
Other writers pointed out that Haie was Norman-French for a pass, or a barrier,
or part of a plough - all taken from episodes in the old man's barring the pass with
an ox-yoke. But, in fact, surnames were unknown at such an early date. (16)

This is the strange legend surrounding the establishment of the nobility of the Earls of
Errol. The Earls of Kinnoul, which were created at the same time in history, have used
the name Auriol. Sons of the archbishop of York, Robert Hay Drummond, had Auriol
as a middle name circa 1750-1810. (See Appendix V) The Baron and Countess of Erroll



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are from the Hay family.

To offer an opposing viewpoint, and to further indicate how difficult it is to research the
origin of names, the following is an excerpt from William Anderson's Genealogy and
Surnames in discussing surnames from countries, towns, and lands:

There is scarcely a local surname in Scotland, but to it has been ascribed an origin
altogether different from the truth, founded on that love of the marvellous, and
fondness for the fanciful and romantic, to which ignorant people are at all times
prone. The name of Hay, the family name of the Earl of Errol..., is said by
tradition, to have been adopted from the interjection of "heigh, heigh," uttered by
the peasant founder of the family at the battle of Luncarty in 942, when assisted
only by his two sons, he succeeded in beating back a whole army of Danes, for
which he was awarded with a large district of Perthside. Such is the genealogical
legend of the origin of these noble families. In Normandy, however, there were
lands and a lordship denominated Hay, and in the roll of adventurers who
accompanied William the Conqueror into England, la Sieur de la Hay is expressly
mentioned, with others of the same name. Besides, the Scottish interjection, if it
was an interjection at all, would have been "hech! hech! and the Danish army must
have been an army of phantoms to have been "beat back" by an old man and his
two sons, capable only of panting at such a critical moment. (17)

Whatever the origin of the name Hay, or of the nobility of the Errolls who originated in
Errol, Perthshire, there is no relationship of that family to the Arrals of Drumikill,
Stirlingshire or to the family name Arrol, Arroll, or Arrell Any connection various
Arrol, Arroll, or Arrell families make to the Clan Hay is based on the desire of these
families to associate with a Clan. This Clan is chosen because the individuals can see
the name Errol listed opposite the name Hay. They chose this clan as a result of the
similarity of the name to the name Arrol, Arroll, or Arrell, rather than for any historical
basis for their decision.

Although Black's Volume, The Surnames of Scotland , identified the surnames, Arrol,
Arroll and Arrell as being of local origin from Errol in Perthshire, Black is careful to
point out that his work is not to be considered as genealogical, but rather an etymological
study of names. (18)

For the Arrol, Arroll, and Arrells attempting to identify with a clan, it should be
recognized that many indisputable Scottish names have not been associated with any
recognized clan. Scots Kith & Kin contains this passage: "A Scot by descent should wear
the father's tartan or sept associated with one: alternatively that of his mother, his wife,
or of the district he derives from."

This gives wide latitude to the sept and an individuals adherence to a particular clan. The
Clans And Tartans of Scotland by Robert Bain, pages 1 5 and 18, gives this information:

Clans consisted generally of native men' and broken men' The clan also

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contained septs or branches composed of clansmen who had become powerful or
promment in some way, and founded families as important as that as the Chief.
The broken men' were individuals or groups from other clans who sought and
obtained protection of the clan.

Sometimes a sept, or a branch of another clan, too small to protect itself against
surrounding clans, might enter into a treaty with a neighboring clan for protection...

Some "broken men' might turn to the clan most powerful or closest to them for
protection, while other men of the same might turn to a different clan which bordered
them or offered the best situation. Much, too, would depend upon the geographical
district of the broken clan. If some men lived in a small glen and others over the
mountain, they might choose different clans. (19)

Clan Graham of Montrose

Just as a number of Arrol/Arroll families will identify with the Clan Hay as a result of
the obvious similarity of their family name to the place-name Errol associated with the
Clan Hay, there are other Arrol families who will associate with the Clan Graham of
Montrose.

In the book, Scots Kith & Kin , it is written that a Scot, by descent, can wear the tartan
of the sept of Clan of the district from which he derives. Because the first written records
of the "Arrals" place the family in the district of the Clan Graham of Montrose, the
"Arrals" can logically be considered a sept of the Clan Graham of Montrose. The earliest
mention of the family name "Arral" is in "An Account of the Family of Drumikill". The
estate of Drumikill is documented to be in the eastern part of the parish of Drymen,
including Carbeth. This account is from the period 1329-1370, during the rein of King
David II who succeeded his father King Robert Bruce. Robert Bruce is remembered as
the leader of the Scots in the decisive victory over the English during the battle of
Bannockbum in 1315. According to this account, the estate of Drumikill belonged to the
name of "Arral". The account relates how the Arral's lands were forfeited as a result of
their rebellion and "other insolencies". It was common during the period between the
eleventh and fourteenth centuries for lands to be forfeited, either by rebellion against the
Crown or lost in a struggle for power. (20)

The Grahams were granted land on the banks of Loch Lomond circa 1296. In 1427 King
James I took a great many of the Highland Lands from a branch of the Grahams and gave
them, instead, the Highland Parish of Aberfoyle and part of Port of Menteith. In 1460
the Grahams exchanged certain of their lands with the Buchanans for Buchanan lands.
By 1680, Chief James Graham, 3rd Marquis of Montrose, had regained the original
Graham lands on Loch Lomondside and also the whole of the insolvent Buchanan chiefs
estate. (21) Buchanan Castle, in Drymen, was the seat of the Grahams of Montrose until



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