John Barker.

Sermons against popery, preached at Salters-Hall, in the year 1735 (Volume 1) online

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Against

POPERY,

Preached at

SALT ERS-HALL,

In the Year 1735.



By Several Ministers.



In Two Volumes.



VOL. I.



LONDON:

Printed for John Noon, Thomas Cox, Richard
Ford, Richard Hett, and John Gray.



M DCC XXXV,



Lately puUiflyed,

Price zd, or. Eighteen per Dozen ^

The Twenty-fth Edition of

A Protestant's Resolution: Shewing^
his Reafons why he -will not be a Papift. Digcfted
into fo plain a Method of Queftion and Anfwer, that an
ordinary Capacity may be able to defend the Proteftant Re-
ligion againft the moil cunning Jefuit, or Popifh Pricft.

Printed for Richard Hett\ at the Bible and Crozvn in the
"Poultry^



POPERY

THE

Great Corruption

O F

CHRISTIANITY.

A

SERMON

PREACHED AT

SalterS'Hall, Jan, 9, 17 34.-5.

By JOHN BARKER,

'the Second Edition.

LONDON:

Printed for Richard H e t t, at the Bihh: ami
Crown in the Poultry . M d c c x X x v .

[Price Fgyr-PenceJ




2 C O R. xi. 3.

But I fear ^ left by any means ^ as the Serpent
beguiled E've^ thrd his Jiibtilty j fo your
minds ft:>ould be corrupted from the fimplicity
that is ill Chriji.

^^URSUANT to the Notice which has
been pubiickly given in the fevcral
Congregations of Proteflant Dlllen-
ters in and about this City, I ap-
pear here to-day ; not fo much to begin the
Courfe of Sermons intended to be preach'd in
this Place every T'hurfday Morning, againft
Popery, for fome Time to come, as to intro-
duce this Deiign, and to let you know what
you are to exped: on this Occafion, and what
has induced fo many of us to engage in this
Bufmefs at this particular Juncture. Now I
may venture to tell you in the general, and at
prefent. That you may exped: to hear, fo far
as thefe Sermons go, the Proteflant Religion
defended, and the Popifh Religion fairly
charg'd, fully heard, and folemnly condenm'd,
as the grand Apoftacy of the ChrilHan Church,
a grofs Corruption of Gofpel Simplicity, and a
wicked Defign to raife the Authority of Men
upon the Ruins of the Authority of Chriil,
and to increafe their Wealth, Power, and
A 2 Grandeur



[ 4 ]
Grandeur m the World, at the Expence of all
Civil and Religious Liberty. So odious and
dangerous a Thing is Popery ^ and therefore
Papifrs niufl; excufe us, wlio " are fhorOughly
perfuaded of this fad Trutli, if we expofe and
treat it accordingly.

Yet this I will venture to fay, and I would
chufe to fay it here, That we bear no ill Will
to the Perfons of Papiils, and how ill foever
we think of their Religion, we pity them who
profels it, as deluded People, and are grieved
for t/je Blhiditejs that has happen d to thcfn^ and
for the Hardnefs of their Hearts : They very
well know, that much has been laid and writ-
ten by Proteflants for their Con virion, and to
take off the Veil from their Faces, and we
charitably believe concerning many of them,
that could they get rid of the Prejudices of
Education ; could they come at more and bet-
ter Light ; might they fearch the Scriptures,
and were not their Inquiries prevented by the
terrifying Apprehenfions of Cenllire and Pu-
nilhment, and were they not intoxicated with
the Arts and Sophiftry of crafty and deiigning
Men, they would forfake this idolatrous and
impure Communion, and readily enlbrace the
Proteflant Reformation.

Whether any Papifls will attend this Leilurc
or no, I know not j many there are, it feems,
both Priefrs and Profelytes, in and near this
City; fliould the one Sort fee fit, and the other
be permitted to attend this Service, I verily be-
lieve they would hear enough to convince.

any



f 5 ]

any candid and unprejudiced Chriftlan alive,
that Popery is not the ilireft Way to Salvation,
and that the Proteftant Religion, which they
fo injurioufly call a damnable Hei'efy, and fo
freely and frequently curfe, is the very T'l'-uth
as it is iji 'Jejiis^ and that Faith which was onc£
deliver d unto the Saints. In this Faith we
mean to confirm our own People ; it is the De-
Hgn of this Lecture to arm and guard Prote-
ffcants againft the Errors and Dangers of Popery;
what therefore naturally arlfes from the SubjediS
in debate will be faid freely, tho', I hope.
Care will be taken not to tranfgrefs the Rules
of Decency ; and fhould Curiofity, or any
other Motive, induce either Popifli Priefls or
People to be prefent here, I dare fay, they will
have no juft Caufe to complain, that they are
not treated in this Controverfy either as Gentle-
men or as Chriftians. Some of us have heard
it has been objected, that any Opportunity of
Converfation upon the Matters in difpute be-
tween us and the Church of Rojne has been
refus'd, when defir'd ; but I believe there is no
ilifficient Ground for fuch a Pretence. We
firmly believe we have great Advantage in this
Controverfy in point of Argument, and this
will be prov'd and maintain'd freely and fully,
whether our Adverfaries care to hear it or no.
For if the Birtiop of Rome will confidently
afllime what neither he nor any Man in the
World has a Right to j if Popilh Councils and
Prelates will decree and impofe Falfliood, Ab-
furdity, Contradidion, and I know not what

Stuff



[6]

Stuff and Trumpery, and this upon pain of
Damnation, and when they have it in their
Power, inforce their Authority with all the
Cruelties of Perfecution, inhuman Torture,
and Effufion of Blood, they muft exped; and
bear to be told on't, and till they repent and
renounce their Errors and V/ickednefs, they
muft ftand charg'd with them, and with ail
the Infamy and Reproach thefe things deferve.
I luppofe they'll complain ; but if they do,
they are to be told, the Fault and Blame is
theirs ; and this will be {hewn and proved to
you from Authors and Records which Papifts
themfelves allow to be approved and genuine.

But before I proceed any further in the Ac-
count I am to give you of this Ledture, I will
a little confider the Text juft now read : The
Connection and Import of which you may
take thus.

The Apoflle Paul having underftood that
feveral great Diforders were crept into the
Church of Corim'h^ and that the CorinthiM?7s
had gotten a new Leader, or Leaders, amongll:
them, who oppofcd him, and raifed a Fad:ion
among them, very much to their own Dif-
honour and his Prejudice, writes them two
Letters; in the firft of which he tries what
Interefl: and Power he had in this Church,
and attempts to break the Facflion flirr'd up
againft him amongft the Corinthians, and to
rcd:ify their Diforders. Having fucceeded in
this Attempt, and found by I'itus that they

rcpcntedj



repented, fubmitted to his Orders, and were
by his firfl Letter brought into a good Difpo-
fition of Mind towards him, he writes them
this fecond Letter, in which he more freely
juflifies himfelf, and deals more roundly and
jfliarply with his Oppofers : This Defign runs
thro' the firfl feven Chapters of this Epiftle,
and being interrupted by an Exhortation to a
liberal Oontribution towards the Neceflities of
their poor Brethren at ^yei-iifalem^ is afterwards
refum'd. Chapter the loth, and continued in
this : Would to God (fays he) Ver. i. you coukL
bear with me a little in my folly. So he mo-
deftly calls his own Self-Defence, which if it
had a fhew of Vanity they had made it necef^
fary. For I am jealous over you with godly
jealoufy. I fear lefl the vilifying Speeches of
my Adverfaries fhould pervert and miilead you.
For I have ejpouj'ed you to one hujband^ that I
may prefent you as a chaft virgin ujito Chrijl. I
have form'd you for Chrifl, and brought you
to him, and am in care that you may not be
drawn afide from that Subjection and Obedi-
ence you owe to him. But I fear left by any
means^ i. e. fome means or other, as the Ser-
pent beguiled Eve thro" his fubtilty, i. e. the
Devil by the Serpent, under the Pretence of
Kindnefs, and other Arts, So your minds Jhould
be corrupted from the fimpUcity that is in Chriji,
q. d. I fear left your Hearts divide and rove, I
am afraid of your being unchafl and corrupted.
Chriftianity is plain and limple, and no im-
pure Mixtures are to be made or allowed with

it i



[ 8 ]

it ; no Jewlfli Obfervances, no human Inven-
tions, no old or new Traditions ; to this fingly,
without Addition or Alteration, fliould Chri-
itians flick and adhere, keeping to the Truth
as it is in Jefus, and preferving the Simplicity
of the Gofpel, not minghng it with any thing
that is fnUe and foreign to it, not conceaHng
any part of it, or mixing any Falfliood with
it, or wrerting and perverting the true Senie
and Meaning of it to ferve our own Ends, the
Lufts of others, or any worldly Purpofes what-
foever.

Thus the Apoftle fhews his own fair Prac-
tice, and the falfe and fraudulent Behaviour of
his Adveriiiries as to this in the 4th Chapter
of this Epiflle, 2d Verfe, We have renounced
the hidden things of diJhoneft)\ not walking in
craftinefs^ nor handling the word of God deceit-
fully ^ but by manifeliation of the truths com-
mendifig our fches to every mans confcience in
the fight of God.

From the Text thus explain'd, I fhould be
be led to obferve,

I. The Apoftle's Account of the Gofpel, or
Chriftian Revelation, it is the Simplicity that
is in Chriji.

II. The Concern he cxprefles left thofe who
are in polfelTion of the Gofpel fliould be cor^
rupted from the Simplicity of it. This he in-
timates by godly fealoiify and holy Fear.

Now this as it gives one a pleafmg and grate-
ful View of the Gofpel, and engages ones

Heart



[ 9 ]

Heart to receive it on account of its Plainhefs
snd Perfpicuity, its Simplicity and Purity- Co
it fliews us the great Duty and Bufineis elpe-
cially of Chriftian Minifters, and that is, to
preferve the Simplicity of the Gofpel them-
ielves, and to warn and fortify all under their
Care againil every linful and dangerous Cor-
ruption. I am ftrangely miftaken if Popeiy
be not a grofs Cormption of ChrilHanity, and
a mofl fcandalous Departure from the Simpli-
city that is in Chrifl : In oppoling tlierefore
the Growth of this, carefully watching all its
Motions, taking the Alarm ourfelves and gi-
ving a faithful Warning to others when we fee
any of its EmifTaries taking pains to propagate
this Religion, efpecially if they do it, or are
likely to do it with any Succefs ; is, no doubt,
a(5ting in Charader as Chriftian Minifters, and
doing the Duty of Watchmen^ Over/eers, Shep"
herds, and Stewards who are intrufted with the
rich and invaluable Treafure of the Gofpel,
and of whom it is required that they be found
faithful to God and Chrift, to their own Souls
and the Souls of others.

Permit me to give you only a fliort and
general View of Popery under the following
Heads, and then leave you to conclude, Whe-
ther it be not a Corruption of the Simplicity
that ig in Chrifl.

T. Many Do(ftrines of Popery are falfe and
abfurd.

B 2. Po-



[ ^o ]

2. Popii'h Worfliip is idolatrous.

3. Many Prddlices it recommends are impi-
ous and wicked.

4. The Spirit of Popery is tyrannical, do-
miiiecriijg and cruel.

I. Many Dodrines of Popery are falfe and
abfurd. There are, I acknowledge, fome
coiimion Chriftian Principles in which Pro-
tcflants and Papifts both agree ; fuch as the
Being and Perfec^lions of God, the Truth and
Infpiration of the Scriptures, the Dodrine of
the Trinity, and that of the Death, Suffer-
ings, and Satisfadiion of Jefus Chrifb the Son
of God, our only Lord and Saviour 3 but then
Popery corrupts fo as well nigh to deftroy
fome of thefe, and adds many others which
are both falfe, abfurd, and dangerous. For
injlance, Papifls ow^n the Bible to be the
Word of God, and they allow that all Scrip-
ture is given by the infpiration of God , but
then they make the Scripture to depend upon
tlieir Church both for the Authority, Truth,.
and Senfe of it. Take away, fays the Jefuit,
(whom the celebrated Mr. Chillingivorth fo
effedually anfwered) the Authority of the
Church, and no Man can be affured that any.
one Book or Parcel of Scripture was written
by divine Infpiration.^ And then they make
themfelves the only Interpreters of Scripture.

. ^ Knrjt or W'djon the Jefuit, in his Mercy and Truth;
whici: Mr. ChUUngwortb anfwered in his celebrated Piece,
c.nUt\Q.^\. The Religion of Prote/Iants.

The



[XI ]

The Council of T^rent is a little upon the Re-
ferve as to the former Point j but as to this,
it declares roundly, that it belongs to the
Church to judge of the true Senfe and Mean-
ing of Scripture.^ So that we are never the
better for our Bible, till they have put a Senfe
upon it for us. And as to the Do6lrine of
Chrifh's Sufferings and Satisfaction for Sin, it.
ivS fo corrupted with their impure Mixtures of
Merit, Indulgence, and Abfolution, as greatly
to difhonour the Merits, and eclipfe the Glory
of the blefled Redeemer. And befides the
pure Doctrines of Chriifianity v/hich they
corrupt, what a fpurious Offspring do they

add fuch as thofe of Tradition, the Seven

Sacraments, which are Baptifm, Confirma-
tion, Eucharift, Penance, Extreme Und:ion,

Orders, and Matrimony All thefe the

Council of Trent declare to be Sacraments^
and if any one fays they are not fo, that they
are fuperfluous, or do not confer Grace, let
him (fay thefe DoiStors) be accurfed.*= Add to

thefe The Do6trine of Tranfubftantiation,

Communion in one kind, Veneration of Saints
and Images, Prayer in an unknown Tongue,
auricular ConfefTion, Purgatory ; but above
all, thofe of the Supremacy of St. Pctcr^ and
the Infallibility and Authority of the Church j
and you will foon conclude what a Corruption

'' Ecclefiae eft judicare de vero fenfu h interpretations
fcripturarum facrarum. SefT. 4^*.
^ ' Co. Tr. ScfT. 7. Can. 6, 8.

B 2 there



[ 12 ]

vhere is in Popery of the Simplicity of the
Chriflian Dodrine.

2. The Worfliip of the Church of Rome is
idolatrous. The Scriptures teach us that
God is the only proper Objed of Worfhip :
God is a fpirit, and to be worP^ipped in fpirit
and truth, TIjou Jhalt ivorJJjip the Lord thy
God J and him only fialt thou ferve. And
they teach us, That Jefus Chrift is the Son of
Cod and Saviour of Men, and our only Me-
diator and Advocate with the Father : Inhere is
one God and one mediator between God and men,
ilye man Chrift Jefus. This is the pure and
fniiple, the plain and unmixed Do6trine of
the Gofpel : But Papiifs mifapply their Wor-
fliip, and give that Honour to Creatures which
is due to God alone. They have a great Ca-
talogue of Saints, whom they admit into that
Order by a folcmn Canonization, and then
account them Objeds of Worlhip and Inter^
ceffors in Heaven for the Church on Earth,
The Council of T'rent determines, that it is
good and profitable to invoke the Saints, and
declares, that whoever fays this is Idolatry, or
contrary to the Word of God, or the Honour
of Chrift, they do impie Jhitire, their Senti-
timents herein are impious and wicked.'' This
is theii- Dodrine, an4 they pradife accords
ingly. They have ftated Offices and Forms of
Prayer, according vo which they worlhip their
3aints. Sometimes they pray to particular
faints, fometimcs by this and the other Saint,

^ SefT. 25. Dccret. dc Inyoc. Sand,

fome^



[ rs ]

fometimes they join God and the Saint, fome-
times not -, but 1 will only mention one gene-
ral Form ; it is this : " O all ye Saints and
*' Ele