John Bunyan.

The Holy war made by Shaddai upon Diabolus online

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'HP IS strange to me, that they that love to tell A new

A Things done of old, yea, and that do excel theme
Their equals in historiology,
Speak not of Mansoul's wars, but let them lie
Dead, like old fables, or such worthless things,
That to the reader no advantage brings :
When men, let them make what they will their

Till they know this, are to themselves unknown.

Of stories, I well know, there's divers sorts,
Some foreign, some domestic ; and reports
Are thereof made as fancy leads the writers :
(By books a man may guess at the inditers).

Some will again of that which never was,
Nor will be, feign (and that without a cause)
Such matter, raise such mountains, tell such things
Of men, of laws, of countries, and of kings ;
And in their story seem to be so sage,
And with such gravity clothe every page,
That though tlieir frontispiece says all is vain.
Yet to their way disciples they obtain.

But, readers, I have somewhat else to do
Than with vain stories tlius to trouble you;
What here I say, some men do know so well,
They can with tears and joy the story tell.

The town of Mansoul is well known to many,



The In chains of great contempt quite through the town.
Prince's j saw Emmanuel, when he possessed
grace pjjg town of Mansoul ; and how greatly blest
A town this gallant town of Mansoul was
When she received his pardon, loved his laws.

When the Diabolonians were caught,
When tried, and when to execution brought,
Then I was there ; yea, I was standing by
When Mansoul did the rebels crucify.

I also saw Mansoul clad all in white,
And heard her Prince call her his heart's delight.
I saw him put upon her chains of gold.
And rings and bracelets, goodly to behold.

What shall I say ? I heard the people's cries,
And saw the Prince wipe tears from Mansoul's

I heard the groans, and saw the joy of many :
Tell you of all I neither will, nor can I.
But by what here I say, you well may see
That Mansoul's matchless wars no fables be.

Mansoul, the desire of both princes was :
One keep his gain would, t'other gain his loss.
Diabolus would cry, " The town is mine ! "
Emmanuel would plead a right divine
Unto his Mansoul : then to blows they go.
And Mansoul cries, *' These wars will me undo."

Mansoul ! her wars seemed endless in her eyes :
She's lost by one, becomes another's prize ;
And he again that lost her last would swear,
"Have her I will, or her in pieces tear."

Mansoul, it was the very seat of war ;
Wherefore her troubles greater were by far
Than only where the noise of war is heard,
Or where the shaking of a sword is feared ;
Or only where small skirmishes are fought,



Or where the fancy fighteth with the thought. I am no

She saw the swords of fighting men made red, babbler of
And heard the cries of those with them wounded. ^°„ *°
Must not her frights, then, be much more by far
Than theirs that to such doings strangers are ?
Or theirs that hear the beating of a drum,
But not made fiy for fear from house and home !

Mansoul not only heard the trumpet's sound,
But saw her gallants gasping on the ground :
Wherefore we must not think that she could rest
With them, whose greatest earnest is but jest :
Or where the blustering threatening of great wari
Do end in parleys, or in wording jars.

Mansoul ! her mighty wars, they did portend
Her weal or woe, and that world without end :
Wherefore she must be more concerned than they
Whose fears begin and end the selfsame day ;
Or where none other harm doth come to him
riiat is engaged, but loss of life or limb.
As all must needs confess that now do dwell
In Universe, and can this story tell.

Count me not, then, with tiiem that, to amaze
The people, set them on the stars to gaze.
Insinuating with much confidence.
That each of them is now the residence
Of some brave creatures : yea, a world they will
Have in each star, though it be past their skill
To make it manifest to any man.
That reason hath, or tell his fingers can.

But I have too long held thee in the porch,
And kept thee from the sunshine with a torch.
Well, now 1^0 forward, step within the door.
And there l^ehold five hundred times much more
Of all sorts of such inward rarities
As please the mind will, and will feed the eyes


Use my With those, which, if a Christian, thou wilt see
key Not small, but things of greatest moment be.
Nor do thou go to work without my key
(In mysteries men soon do lose their way) ;
And also turn it right, if thou wouldst know
My riddle, and wouldst with my heifer plough :
It lies there in the window. Fare thee well.
My next may be to ring thy passing-bell.




SOME say the " Pilgrim's Progress " is not mine, The
Insinuating as if I would shine author

In name and fame by the worth of another, hf^^/^w-

Like some made rich by robbing of their brother.
Or that so fond I am of being sire,
I '11 father bastards ; or, if need require,
I '11 tell a lie in print to get applause.
I scorn it ; John such dirt-heap never was,
Since God converted him. Let this suffice
To show why I my *' Pilgrim " patronize.

It came from mine own heart, so to my head,
And thence into my fingers tricklM ;
Then to my pen, from whence immediately
On paper I did dribble it daintily.

Manner and matter, too, was all mine own ;
Nor was it unto any mortal known
Till I had done it ; nor did any then
By books, by wits, by tongues, or hand, or pen,
Add five words to it, or wrote half a lino
Thereof: the whole and every whit is mine.

Also for THIS, thine eye is now upon,
The matter in this manner came from none
But the same heart, and head, fingers, and pen,
As did the other. Witness all good men.
For none in all the world, without a lie,



His Can say that this is mine, excepting I.
anagram I write not this of any ostentation,

Nor 'cause I seek of men their commendation ;
I do it to keep them from such surmise
As tempt them will my name to scandalize.
Witness my name, if anagram'd to thee.
The letters make — *' Nu hony in a B."




IN my travels, as I walked through many regions The
and countries, it was my chance to ha})pen into famous
that famous continent of Universe. A very large ^0""°^"
and spacious country it is : it licth between the
two poles, and just amidst the four points of the
heavens. It is a place wll watered, and richly
adorned with hills and valleys, bravely situate,
and for the most part, at least where I was, very
fruitful, also well peopled, and a very sweet

The people are not all of one complexion, nor
yet of one language, mode, or way of religion, "but
differ as much as ('tis said) do the planets them-
selves. Some are right, and some are wrong, even
as it happeneth to be in lesser regions.

In this country, as I said, it was my lot to
travel ; and there travel I did, and that so long
even till I learned much of tlu-ir mother tongue,
together with the customs and manners of them
among whom I was. And, to speak truth, I was
much delighted to see and hear many things which
1 saw and heard among them ; yea, I had, to be
sure, even lived and died a native among them
(so was I taken with them and their doings),
had not my master sent for me home to his housr,


The fair there to do business for him, and to oversee busi-
town of ness done.

Mansoul Now, there is in this gallant country of Universe
a fair and delicate town, a corporation, called
Mansoul ; a town for its building so curious, for
its situation so commodious, for its privileges so
advantageous (I mean with reference to its original),
that I may say of it, as was said before of the
continent in which it is placed. There is not its
equal under the whole heaven.

As to the situation of this town, it lieth just
between the two worlds ; and the first founder
and builder of it, so far as by the best and most
authentic records I can gather, was one Shaddai ; ^
and he built it for his own delight. He made it
the mirror and glory of all that he made, even the
top-piece, beyond anything else that he did in that
country. Yea, so goodly a town was Mansoul
when first built, that it is said by some, the gods,
at the setting up thereof, came down to see it and
sang for joy. And as he made it goodly to behold,
so also mighty to have dominion over all the
country round about. Yea, all were commanded
to acknowledge Mansoul for their metropolitan,
all were enjoined to do homage to it. Ay, the
town itself had positive commission and power from
her King to demand service of all, and also to
subdue any that anyways denied to do it.

There was reared up in the midst of this town
a most famous and stately palace ; for strength,
it might be called a castle ; for pleasantness, a
paradise ; for largeness, a place so copious as to
contain all the world. This palace the King
Shaddai intended but for himself alone, and not
1 Gen. i. z6.


another wiili him,^ partly because of his own The wall
delights, and partly because he would not that the and gates
terror of strangers should be upon the town. This °^ Man-
place Shaddai made also a garrison of, but com-
mitted the keeping of it only to the men of the
town. The wall of the town was well built,
yea, so fast and firm was it knit and compact
together, that, had it not been for the townsmen
themselves, they could not have been shaken or
broken for ever. For here lay the excellent
wisdom of him that builded Mansoul, that the walls
could never be broken down nor hurt by the most
mighty adverse potentate, unless the townsmen gave
consent thereto.

This famous town of Mansoul had five gates in
at which to come, out at which to go ; and these
were made likewise answerable to the walls, to wit,
impregnable, and such as could never be opened nor
forced but by the will and leave of those within.
The names of the gates were these : Ear-gate, Eye-
gate, Mouth-gate, Nose-gate, and Feel-gate.

Other things there were that belonged to the
town of Mansoul, which if you adjoin to these,
will yet give further demonstration to all of the
glory and strength of the place. It had always a
sufficiency of provision within its walls ; it had the
best, most wholesome, and excellent law that then
was extant in the world. There was not a rascal,
rogue, or traitorous person then within its walls :
they were all true men, and fast joined together:
and this, you know, is a great matter. And to all
these it had always (so long as it had the goodness
to keep true to Shaddai the King) his countenance,
his protection, and it was his delight, etc.
^ £ccl. iii. II.


Diabolus Well, upon a time, there was one Diabolus, a
mighty giant, made an assault upon this famous
town of Mansoul, to take it and make it his o\^m
habitation. This giant was king of the blacks, or
negroes, and a most raving prince he was. We
will, if you please, first discourse of the original of
this Diabolus, and then of his taking of this famous
town of Mansoul.

This Diabolus is indeed a great and mighty
prince, and yet both poor and beggarly. As to
his original, he was at first one of the servants of
King Shaddai, made and taken and put by him
into most high and mighty place ; yea, was put
into such principalities as belonged to the best of
his territories and dominions. This Diabolus was
made son of the morning,^ and a brave place he
had of it : it brought him much glory, and gave
him much brightness, an income that might have
contented his Luciferian heart, had it not been
insatiable, and enlarged as hell itself.

Well, he seeing himself thus exalted to great-
ness and honour, and raging in his mind for
higher state and degree, what doth he but begins
to think with himself how he might be set up as
lord over all, and have the sole power under
Shaddai. Now, that did the King reserve for
his Son, yea, and had already bestowed it upon
him. Wherefore he first consults with himself
what had best to be done ; and then breaks his
mind to some other of his companions, to the
which they also agree. So, in fine, they came to
this issue, that they should make an attempt upon
the King's Son to destroy him, that the inherit-
ance might be theirs. Well, to be short, the
1 Isa. xiv. 12.


treason, as I said, was concluded, the time ap- The con-
pointed, the word given, the rebels rendezvouzed, spiracy
and the assault attempted. Now, the King and
his Son being all and always eye, could not but
discern all ])assages in his dominions ; and he,
having always love for his Son as for himself
could not at what he saw but be greatly provoked
and offended : wherefore what does he, but takes
them in the very nick and first trip that they made
towards their design, convicts them of the treason,
horrid rebellion, and conspiracy that they had
devised, and now attempted to put into practice,
and casts them altogether out of all place of trust,
benefit, honour, and preferment. This done, he
banishes them the court, turns them down into
the horrible pits, as fast bound in chains, never
more to expect the least favour from his hands,
but to abide the judgment that he had appointed,
and that for ever, and yet.^

Now, they being thus cast out of all place of
trust, profit, and honour, and also knowing that
they had lost their prince's favour for ever (bein^;
banished his courts, and cast down to the horrible
pits), you may be sure they would now add to
their former pride what malice and rage against
Shaddai, and against his Son, they could. Where-
fore, roving and ranging in much fury from i)lace
to place,'^ if, ])erhaps, they might find something
that was the King's, to revenge by spoiling of that,
themselves on him ; at last they hapj)cned into this
spacious country of Universe, and steer their course
towards the town of Mansoul ; and considering that
that town was one of the chief works and delights
of King Shaddai, what do they, but after counsel
' 2 Peter ii. 4. Jude vi. ' i Pet. v. 8.


A council taken, make an assault upon that. I say, they
of war knew that Mansoul belonged unto Shaddai ; for
they were there when he built it and beautified it
for himself. So, when they had found the place,
they shouted horribly for joy, and roared on it as
a lion upon the prey, saying, " Now we have found
the prize, and how to be revenged on King Shaddai
for what he hath done to us." So they sat down,
and called a council of war, and considered with
themselves what ways and methods they had best
to engage in for the winning to themselves this
famous town of Mansoul ; and these four things
were then propounded to be considered of: — First,
Whether they had best all of them to show them-
selves in this design to the town of Mansoul.

Secondly, Whether they had best to go and sit
down against Mansoul in their now ragged and
beggarly guise.

Thirdly, Whether they had best show to Man-
soul their intentions, and what design they came
about, or whether to assault it with words and ways
of deceit.

Fourthly, Whether they had not best, to some
of their companions, to give out private orders to
take the advantage, if they see one or more of the
principal townsmen, to shoot them, if thereby they
shall judge their cause and design will the better be

I. It was answered to the first of these pro-
posals in the negative — to wit, that it would not be
best that all should show themselves before the
town, because the appearance of many of them
might alarm and frighten the town ; whereas a few
or but one of them was not so likely to do it.
And to enforce this advice to take place 'twas


added further, that if Mansoul was frighted, or did held by
take the alarm, " 'Tis impossible," said Diabolus Diabolus
(for he spake now), "that we should take the ^"^ ^^^
town : for that none can enter into it without its
own consent. Let, therefore, but few, or but
one, assault Mansoul ; and in mine opinion," said
Diabolus, *' let me be he." Wherefore to this
they all agreed.

2. And then to the second proposal they came
— namely, Whether they had best to go and sit
down before Mansoul, in their now ragged and
beggarly guise. To which it was answered also
io the negative, By no means ; and that because,
though the town of Mansoul had been made to
know, and to have to do, before now, with things
that are invisible, they never did as yet see any of
their fellow-creatures in so sad and rascally condi-
tion as they ; and this was the advice of that fierce
Alecto. Then said Apollyon, "The advice is
pertinent ; for even one of us appearing to them
as we are now must needs both beget and multiply
such thoughts in them, as will both put them into a
consternation of spirit, and necessitate them to put
themselves upon their guard. And if so," said he
then, " as my Lord Alecto said but now, 'tis in
vain for us to think of taking the town." Then
said that mighty giant Beelzebub, "The advice that
is already given is safe ; for though the men of
Mansoul have seen such things as we once were,
yet hitherto they did never l>ehold such things as
we now are ; and 'tis best, in mine oj)inion, to
come upon them in such a guise as is common to,
and most familiar among them." To this when
they had consented, the next thing to be considered
was in what sliaj)e, hue, or ^uise Dialwlus had best


The third to show himself when he went a'lout to make
proposal Mansoul his own. Then one said one thing, and
another the contrary. At last Lucifer answered,
that in his opinion, it was best that his lordship
should assume the body of some of those creatures
that they of the town had dominion o\er ; " for,"
quoth he, " these are not only familiar to them, but
being under them, they will never imagine that an
attempt should by them be made upon the town ;
and to blind all, let him assume the body of one of
those beasts that Mansoul deems to be wiser than
any of the rest." ^ This advice was applauded of
all : so it was determined that the giant Diabolus
should assume the dragon, for that he was in those
days as familiar with the town of Mansoul as now
is the bird with the boy ; for nothing that was in
its primitive state was at all amazing to them.
Then they proceeded to the third thing, which
was —

3. Whether they had best to shew their inten-
tions, or the design of his coming to Mansoul, or
no. This also was answered in the negative,
because of the weight that was in the former
reasons : to wit, for that Mansoul were a strong
people, a strong people in a strong town, whose
wall and gates were impregnable (to say nothing of
their castle), nor can they by any means be won
but by their own consent. " Besides," said Legion
(for he gave answer to this), "a discovery of our
intentions may make them send to their King for
aid ; and if that be done, I know quickly what time
of day it will be with us. Therefore let us assault
them in all pretended fairness covering our inten-
tions with all manner of lies, flatteries, delusive
1 Gen. iii. i. Rev. xx. i, 2.


words ; feigning things that never will be, and Guile re-
promising that to them, that they shall never find, solved
This is the way to win Mansoul, and to make them "P*^°
of themselves to open their gates to us ; yea, and to
desire us too, to come in to them. And the reason
why I think that this project will do, is because the
people of Mansoul now are, every one, simple and
innocent, all honest and true ; nor do they as yet
know what it is to be assaulted with fraud, guile,
and hypocrisy. They are strangers to lying and
dissembling lips ; wherefore we cannot, if thus we
be disguised, by them at all be discerned ; our lies
shall go for true sayings, and our dissimulations for
upright dealings. What we jaomise them, they will
in that believe us, especially, if in all our lies and
feigned words, we ])retend great love to them, and
that our design is only their advantage and honour."
Now, there was not one bit of a reply against this ;
this went as current down, as doth the water down
a steep descent. Wherefore they go to consider of
the last proposal, which was —

4. \\ hether they had not best to give out orders
to some of their company, to shoot some one or
more of the principal of the townsmen, if they
judge that their cause may be promoted thereby.
This was carried in the aihrraative, and the man
that was designed by this stratagem to be destroyed
was one Mr Resistance, otherwise called Ca])tain
Resistance. And a great man in Mansoul this
Captain Resistance was, and a man tliat the giant
Diabolus and his band more Icarcd than they feared
the whole town of Mansoul besides. Now, wiio
should be the actor to do the murder ? That was
the next, and they api>ointed Tisiphone, a fury of
the lake, to do it.


Diabolus They thus having ended their council of war,
marches rose up, and essayed to do as they had determined ;
up to the ^.j^g^ marched towards Mansoul, but all in a manner
demands ii^visible, save one, only one ; nor did he approach
audience the town in his own likeness, but under the shape
and in the body of the dragon.

So they drew up, and sat down before Ear-gate,
for that was the place of hearing for all without
the town, as Eye-gate was the place of perspection.
So, as I said, he came up with his train to the
gate, and laid his ambuscado for Captain Resistance
within bow-shot of the town. This done, the giant
ascended up close to the gate, and called to the
town of Mansoul for audience. Nor took he any
with him but one Ill-Pause, who was his orator
in all difficult matters. Now, as I said, he being
come up to the gate (as the manner of those times
was), sounded his trumpet for audience ; at which
the chief of the town of Mansoul, such as my Lord
Innocent, my Lord Will-be-will, my Lord Mayor,
Mr Recorder and Captain Resistance, came down
to the wall to see who was there, and what was the
matter. And my Lord Will-be-Will, when he
had looked over and saw who stood at the gate,
demanded what he was, wherefore he was come,
and why he roused the town of Mansoul with so
unusual a sound.

Diabolus, then, as if he had been a lamb, began
his oration, and said, " Gentlemen of the famous
town of Mansoul, I am, as you may perceive, no
far dweller from you, but near, and one that is
bound by the King to do you my homage, and
what service I can ; wherefore, that I may be
faithful to myself and to you, I have somewhat of
concern to impart unto you. Wherefore, grant me


your audience, and hear nic patiently. And first, Diabolus,
I will assure you, it is not myself, but you ; not ^is sub
mine, but your advantage that I seek by what I now j^^^Jg „q
do, as will full well be made manifest, by that I q( ijgg
have opened my mind unto you. For, gentlemen,
I am (to tell you the truth) come to show you how
you may obtain great and ample deliverance from a
bondage that, unawares to yourselves, you are
captivated and enslaved under." At this the town
of Mansoul began to prick up its ears. And
"What is it? Pray what is it?" thought they.
And he said, ** I have somewhat to say to you
concerning your King, concerning his law, and also
touching yourselves. Touching your King, I know
he is great and potent ; but yet all that he hath said
to you is neither true nor yet for your advantage.
I . *Tis not true, for that wherewith he hath hither-
to awed you shall not come to pass, nor be fulfilled,
though you do the thing that he hath forbidden.
But if there was danger, wliat a slavery is it to live
always in fear of the greatest of punishments, for
doing so small and trivial a thing as eating of a little
fruit is ! 2. Touching his laws, this I say further,
they are both unreasonable, intricate, and intolerable.
Unreasonable, as was hinted before ; for that the
punishment is not proportioned to the offence :
there is great difference and disproportion betwixt
the life and an apple ; yet the one must go for the
other by the law of your Shaddai. But it is also
intricate, in that he saith, first, you may eat of all ;
and yet after forbids the eating of one. And then,
in the last ])Iace, it must needs Ix* intolerable, foras-
much as that fruit which you are forbidden to eat

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Online LibraryJohn BunyanThe Holy war made by Shaddai upon Diabolus → online text (page 1 of 23)