John Burke.

A genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, enjoying territorial possessions or high official rank; but univested with heritable honours (Volume 3) online

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in the county of Stafford, m. a daughter of
John Barnsley, esq. of Trysull, of the Wor-
cestershire family of that name, and left,
with other issue, two sons, viz.

I. William, of Trescott Grange, who
m. a daughter of — Jordaine, of
Dunsley, and had issue,

Hugh, b. in 1553, of Trescott
Grange, who d. in 1609, leaving
two sons, Edward, b. in 1597,
who sold Trescott Grange, and
Richard, whose son, John, was
in Spain in 1659.
Elizabeth, m. first, to — Smith,
and, secondly, to her cousin,
Edward Wollaston.
Alice, m. to Henry Wollaston.
11. Henry, of whom we have to treat.

The younger son, • c, r

Henuy Wollaston, of Perton, ni Staf-
fordshire, m. a lady named Elliott, and had
three sous, viz.

I. Kichard, of London, s. p.

II. Henry, of whom presently.

IH. Edward, of Perton, who m. Eliza-
beth, daughter of William W ollas-
ton, of Trescott Grange, and had two

John (Sir), alderman and lord
mayor of London, well known
in the civil wars, m. Rebecca,
daughter of Edward Green, citi-
zen, but died s. p.
Henry, citizen of London, 1669,
ancestor of the Wollastons, of
Lose by.*
The second son,

Henry Wollaston, alderman of Lon-
don, died in 1617,t liaving obtained a
grant in the preceding year of the family
arms. He m. first, Sarah, daughter of Wil-
liam Burgess,' of Kippington, in Kent, and
liad by her two sons and four daughters,

I. William, his heir.

II. Thomas, of Abbot's Langley, Herts,
and afterwards of Oncott, in the
county of Stafford, one of the filazers
of Yorkshire, b. in 1587. He m.
first,Philadelphia Vincent, an heiress,
by whom he liad an only son, who
died in infancy ; and, secondly, Sa-
bina, daughter of Sir George Old-

* Richard Wollaston, of Wormley, b. in 1635,
son of Henry mentioned in the text, purchased
the manor of Loseby and half that of Wormley.
He d. in 1691, Laving bad two sons,

I. JosiAH, b. in 1652, who m. Elizabeth, sis-
ter of Sir Edward Lawrence, of St. Ives,
and predeceasing his father in 1689, left,
with a daughter, Rebecca, who d. in 1690,
a son,

Isaac, b. in 1673, of Loseby, m. Sarah
Lawrence, and dying in ,1736, left
several children, who died issueless,

Sir Isaac Wollaston, hart, of
Loseby, who m. Sarah-Rowland
Marche, of the Isle of Wight,
and left, with a son, Sir Isaac-
Lawrence Wollaston, bart. who
d. s. p. in 1756, two daughters,
Sarah, who bad the St. Ives
estate, and those in the Isle
of Ely. She married Taylor
White, esq. and had issue.
Anne, wlio had the Loseby es-
tate. She m. Sir Thoma.s
Folke, and had issue.
II. John, who inherited the Hertfordshire
and Hampshire estates. He m. Hannah
Horton, iuid died in 1692, leaving issue,

1. Richard, M.P. for Whitchurch, m.
Faith, daughter of George Browne,
esq. and had several children.

2. John.

3. .Teremiah.

4. Jonathan, m. Rebecca Mayo, of Bay-
field Place, Herts, and left a son,
Israel, who m. Sarah, daughter of
Daniel Waldo, Hambro' merchant,
and d. in 17'65.

t By his will, bread is still given at Perton
and Waltham Abbev.



licli, by wliom lie led, ;\l Ill's (Icu'ciisc
ill April, 1(J74, ;i<;c<l iiglify-s«neii,
with tlirco clauglitcrs, tlirco sons, viz.
1. Gr.oiKiK, of Trinity Coilej^e,
Cambridge, wlio became a Je-
suit, and d. s. p.
12. Thomas, l>. in l(i;33, left issue.
3. William, of (!otoii Clanlord, i.
•27tli October, Ki.'U ; m. Kliza-
bctli l)(j\vns, aiul by her, uho
tliud •i4th September, 1707, left,
at his decease lOth Mar. l()91-2,
six sons and two daughters, viz.
Henry, of Lichfield, who died

at Chester, s. p. in 1694.
William, of whom presently
as inheritor of Siiknton at
the decease of his father's
cousin - german, William
W^oUaston, es(|.
Thomas, of Lichfield, died in

John, d. s. p. in 1720.
Edward, h. in 1G()7, d. in 1(585.
Joseph, b. in IGGK, d. in 1097.


Elizabeth, b. in 1074, died in
J. Frances, m. to Robert Jason, of
G'reenstreet, near Enfield.

II. Judith, 111. to Sir William Terry, of
Newinoton Green, Middlesex.

III. Sarah, m. to Samuel Middlemore,
merchant, of London.

IV. Alice, m. to Ralph Grey, citizen of

The eldest son,

W^ILLIAM W^oLLASTON, esq. b. in 1,580, of
Oncott Hall, in Staffordshire, and after-
wards of Shenton, in Leicestershire, was
high sheriff of the latter county in 1029, and
of the former the next year. He mar-
ried twice, but had issue only by his second
wife, Anne, daugliter of Humphrey Whit-
grave, of Bridge ford, 'in Staffordshire, viz.
i'our sons,

I. Henry, of Finborough Magna, in
Suffolk, b. in 1618; m. Elizabeth,
daughter of Thomas Keightley, esq.
of Hartingfordbury Park, Herts, but
predeceased his father issueless in
March, 1002.

II. W^iLLiAM, heir to his father.

III. Ricliard, ?,••/>

IV. John, \ '^- '" '"^^"^y-

Mr. W^ollaston d. 10th December, 1060,
aged eighty-six, and was s. by his only sur-
viving son,

William Wollaston, esq. of Shenton,
a deputy lieutenant of Leicestershire, and
sheriff" in 1672-3. This gentleman m. Eli-
zabeth, daughter and sole heir of Captain
Francis Cave, of Ingersby, by Rebecca his
wife, daughter of Robert Roper, esq. of


Ileanor, in the coiiiify of Derby, and wi-
dow of Sir William Villiers, of Brokesby.
By her he ha<l issue,

I. William, } i ., , „

„ ' > both «. young.

II. Henry, S

III. Francis, died of the small-pox in
the Temple 2KtIi Novemb(;r, 1684,
agtnl seventeen, buried at Waltham

I. Elizabeth, died young.

II. Anne, m. to Sir John Chester, bart.
Ml. Rebecca, in. to Joliii Wilkins, esq.

of Ravenston.

Mr. Wollaston outliving thus his male issue,
devised Shenton, at his decease, 19th Au-
gust, 1088, aged sixty-five, to his cousin,

William Wollasion, an eminent writer
on ethics and theology, b. at Cotton Clan-
ford, in Staffordshire, in 1059. He studied
at Sidney College, Cambridge, and hav-
ing proceeded M.A. in 1081, entered into
holy orders. His first settlement was as
preceptor at a free school at Birmingham,
to which was annexed a small lectureship ;
and he afterAvards became second master in
the same school, hi 1088 the death of his
cousin put him in possession of consider-
able landed property, when he removed to
London, and resided in Charter House
Square. His marriage shortly after with a
lady of large fortune having rendered him
independent, he relinquished all thoughts of
rising in the church, and devoted his whole
time to literary researches. In 1091 he pub-
lished " The designs of the Book of Eccle-
siastes represented in an English poem," 8vo.
but this he would afterwards have suppressed,
from a conviction that he had no talents for
poetry. He printed in 1722, for private
distribution only, a work entitled " The
Religion of Nature delineated," which he
afterwards revised for more extensive cir-
culation. This treatise, in which the author
advances some ingenious speculations coii-
(x^rning the principles of ethical science,
notwithstanding the abstruse nature of the
subject, attracted the notice of the learned,
and procured the writer a distinguished sta-
tion among the philosophers of the last cen-
tury. He JM. in 1089, Catherine, second
daughter and co-heir of Nicholas Charlton,
esq. of London, and by her, who died in
1720, aged fifty, had issue,

I. Charlton, of Charter HouseSquare,
b. 8th September, 1090, Fellow Com-
moner of Sidney College, Cambridge,
djed 0th August, 1729, buried at Fin-

II. William, of whom presently.

III. Francis, of Charter House Square,
A. 0th June, 1094; m. 19th Novem-
ber, 1728, Mary, eldest daugliter of
Dr. John-Francis Fauquier, and d,




27th December, 1774, having had

1. Francis, of Charter House Squ.
LL.B. rector of Chislehurst, of
Dereham, and St. Vidas, London,
precentor of St. David's, F.R.S.
b. 23rd November, 1731 ; m. 1 Ith
May, 17.58, Althea, fifth daugh-
ter of John Hyde, esq. and by
her, who d. 8th June, 1798, left,
at his decease, 31 St October, 1815,
Francis-John-Hyde, h. 13th
April, 17G2, archdeacon of
Essex, rector of Soutli
Weald, prebendary of St.
Paul's, Jacksonian profes-
sor Univ. Camb. &c. He
m. 13th August, 1793, Fran-
ces Hayles, and dying in
1823, left issue,

1. Francis-Hayles, h. 1st
May, 1803, rector of
Dereham ; m. 7th June,
1825, his cousin, Caro-
line Wollaston.

1. Frances- Althea, m. to
the Rev. T. William
Trevor, of Caernarvon,
has three sons and two

2. Althea-Jane, m. to the
Rev.H. R. Moody, rec-
tor of Chariham, Kent,
and has issue.

George -Hyde, of Clapham
Common, b. 10th July, 1765 ;
VI. 23rd Oct. 1796, Mary-
Ann, daughter of William
Luard, esq. of Dorset Street,
and by her, who died in
1817, had issue,

1. George - Luard. b. in
1797, and d. in 1801.

2. William - Luard, b. in
1799, and d. in 1821.

3. Frederic-Luard, b. in
1802; m. 17th Marcli,
1834, Diana - Harriet,
daughter of John Sper-
ling, esq. of Dynes

4. Alexander - Luard, b.
14th June. 1804.

5. Edward-Luard,6. 18th
December, 1814.

1. Mary-Ann, f/. in 1826.

2. Henrietta.

3. Charlotte.

4. Sophia.
William-Hyde, b. 6th August,

1766, M.b. F.R.S. ; (/.22nd
December, 1828.
Frederick-Hyde, i 12th June,

1770 ; d. s. p. in September,
Charles-Hyde, b. 22nd No-
vember, 1772, M.A. vicar
of East Dereham, m. Sarali-
Willett, daughter of Wil-
liam Otlley, esq. of St.
Kitts, and has a son,

William-Charles, b. 19fh
December, 1795, M.A. ;
m. 9th April, 1817,
Charlotte-Jane, dangls-
ter of the Rev. Richard
Fawcett, vicar of Leeds,
and has issue, Charles-
Richard, b. in ISlN;
William-Ottley ; Char-
lotte - Maria ; Drury-
Ottley ; and Percy.

Henry-Hyde, b. and d. in 1774.

Henry-Septimus-Hvde,i. 14th
April, 1776; m. "first, 23rd
December, 1802, Mary-Ann
Blankenhagen, who d. 25th
June, 1805; secondly, 24th
June, 1813, Frances Bucan-
nan, who d. 26th December,
1827 ; and, thirdly, Franct s
Monro. By the first he has
one son, 1. Henry-Fraticis,
b. in 1803, and one daugh-
ter, Caroline, ni. to her cou-
sin, the Rev. Francis H.
Wollaston. By the second,
he has surviving issue,

2. George- Bucannan, i.
in 1814.

3. Charles-Bucannaii. b.
in 1816.

4. Alfred- Bucannai;, b.
in 1818.

5. Charlton - .Tames - ii»-
cannan, b. in 1820.

1. Elizabeth.
By his last wife, Mr. Henry
Wollaston has one son, W il-
liam-Monro, b. in 1831.

Mary-Hyde, m. in 1803, to the

Rev. William Panchen, \\ ho

d. in 1827.
Althea-Hyde, m. in 1784, to

Thomas Heberden, canon

of Exeter.
Anna-Hyde, d. unm. in 1829.
Louisa-Hyde, d. an infant in


Sophia-Hyde, d. unm. in 1810.
J^ouisa-Decima-Hyde, »h. in

18U6, to the Rev. James-



Loonnrd Jiicksoii, of [)or-

2. Chiiillon, /;. in 1733, M. 1).
F.R.S. m. ill 17r)8, Pliillis IJyam,
and by licr (wlio wedded, se-
condly, .laiiu's Fr:iinpt()ii, ('S(|. o(
Mon'ton, in J)ors(tsliir(% and d.
in 1829, aged ninety-three) lie
left at liis decease, in 17(54,

Cliarlton-JJyani, b. in 1765,
B.A. of" Dorcliester, and ol
the Middle Temple.

Pliillis- Byam, in. 3rd July,
1781, to Evelyn Shirley,
esq. of Eatington, (see vol.
i. p. 50).

3. William-Henry, b. in 1737, and
(L s. p. in 1759.

4. George, D. D, of Richmond,
Surrey, b. in 1738; m. Eliza-
beth, eldest daughter of Charles
Palmer, esq. of Thurnscoe Hall,
in Yorkshire, bank director, and
had one daughter,

Elizabeth-Palmer, »«. in 1790,
to the Rev. James Cowe,
\ icar of Sunbury.

1. Mary. m. in 1760, to William
Heberden, M.D. and d. in 1813,
leaving issue.

2. Catherine, b. and d. in 1734.

IV. Nicholas, b. in 1696; m. Anne,
daughter of Francis Shipnian, and d.
in 1772, leaving a daughter, Anne,
m. to Capt. Johnson.

V. John, b. in 1699, LL.B. of Cam-
bridge ; d. in 1720.

VI. Theophilus, h. in 1700 ; d. an infant.

VII. Richard, d. in 1705.

I. Catherine, ?». in 1719, to William
Pymm, esq. of Nortonbury and Rad-

II. Bethiah, b. in 1697; d. in 1726.

III. Anne, b. in 1701 ; m. to Samuel
Dixon, esq.

IV. Elizabeth, b. in 1707, and d. in 1723.

William WoUaston, the author of " Reli-
gion of Nature," died 29tli Ocloln-r, 1724,
at Coton Clanford. His second son,

William Wollaston, esq. of Finbro', in
Suffolk, and St. James's Square, b. in 1693,
M. P. for Ipswich. He tu. 6th April, 1728,
Elizabeth, second daughter of John-Francis
Fauquier, esq. and had issue,

I. William, his heir.

II. Francis, b. in 1732, and d.s.p. in
1755, at Bengal.

III. Frederick, successor to his bro-

IV. Samuel, b. in 1737; d. in July,

V. Itobert, h. ill 1711 ; in. Jiidilli I fat-
ley, but d. s. p. in 17/4.

I. Ivlizabeth, m. (iist, in 1753, to tJie
Hon. William - Itichard (^lictnv nd ;
and, secondly, to Jelleiy Thoiiip.-on,

II. Catherine, )ti. to tiie Rev, Edward

III. Mary, in. to Thomas Mulcaster,

Mr. Wollaston d. in 1764, and was s. by his

William Wollaston, esq. of Finliorongh,
b. ill 17.30, sometime colonel of the Eastern
liaffalion of Sull'olk Militia, and M.P. for
Ipswich. This gentleman m. Jilanche, sis-
ter of Sir Thomas-Hyde Page, but dying at
Bath, 9th November, 1797, without issue,
was s. by his brother.

The Rev. Fkedekick Wollastov, b. in
1735, LL.D. prebendary of Peterborough,
ike. wlio in. first, Mary, daughter of Orbel
Ray, esq. and by her, who d. in 17.58, had
an only son, wlio d. an infant. He in. se-
condly, Priscilla, daughter of I). Oltley,
esq. of St. Kitts, and by that lady, who
d. in 1819, liad issue,

I. Frederick-William, his heir.

II. George, lieutenant- colonel of the
West Suffolk Militia, and a dejiuty-
lieutenant for that county, died uiim.
in 18.33, buried at Finborough.

III. Charles, rear-admiral R.N. now of
Bury St. Edmunds.

IV. Henry-John, rector of Scotter, in
Lincolnshire, ni. at Bury St. Ed-
munds, 5th July, 1803, Louisa, se-
cond daughter of William Symons,
esq. and by her, who d. in April,
1833, left, at his decease in the Oc-
tober following,

1. Frederick-William, captain in
the Enniskillcn Dragoons, b.
19th June, 1804.

2. Henry-John, rector of Byfield,
Northamptonsliire, b. 4th Aug.

3. Charles, in tlie East India Com-
pany's cavalry service, b. 18th
October, 1806.

4. George, b. in 1807; d. in 1818.

5. W illiam, b. in 1810; d. in India
in 1831.

6. Charlton-Jamcs, b. in 1811, and
d. in 1818.

7. Robert- Septimus, b. in 1813,
and d. in 1814.

8. Arthur, b. in 1814, and d. in

9. Edward-Ottley, b. 11th October,

10. Thomas- Vernon, 6.2nd March,

1. Louisa, m. in 1834, to the Rev.



Henry-Frederick Iliittoii, rector
ofGiite IJiirton, in Liiu-olnsliirc.

2. Charlotte-Catherine, d. unui. in

3. Frances-Priscilla.

4. Lucy-Jane.

5. Harriet, d. young.

The Rev. Frederick Wollaston d. in 1801,
and was *. by his eldest son, the present
Colonel Wollaston, of Shenton.

Arms — Arg. three mullets sa. pierced of
the field. Quartering the ensigns of Charl-

Crest — A demi-grifiin, saliant arg. in a
mural crown or, holding a mullet sa. pierced

Motto — Ne quid falsi.

Estates — In the county of Leicester.

Seat — Slientou Hall.


DRINKWATER, JOHN, esq. F. S. A. of Salford, in the county of Lancaster, a
lieutenant-colonel in the army, and colonel in Middlesex; h. 9th June, 1762, m. 6th
June, 1799, Eleanor, daughter of Charles Congalton, esq. of Congleton, in the shire
of Midlothian, and sister of Gilbert (Congalton) Bethune, esq. of Balfour, in Fife-
shire, by whom he has had issue,

John-Elliot, barrister-at-law, h. 12th July, 1801.
Charles-Ramsay, captain in the royal navy, h. 27th De-
cember, 1802.
Edward, in the admiralty, h. 24th March, 1812.

Eleanor-Anne, m. 28th June, 1825, to the Rev. W. T.
Hadow, of Streatley, and St. Andrews, rector of
Haseley, in the county of Warwick, and of Mickle-
ton, cum Ebrington, in Gloucestershire, and has

William-Elliot, ft. in 1826.

Gilbert-Bethune, h. in 1832,




Harriet-Sophia, d. in 1827.


The family of Drinkwater, of which that
before us is a branch, appears to have been
settled at a remote period in the county of
Chester. The name is said by some to be
a deviation from Dkkwkntvvati'.k, but the
assertion is unsui)ported by authority, nor
does it seem at all probable ; for we find
a similar surname in every kingdom of
modern Europe, in France, Si)ain, Italy,
and (Itrmany. One part of the family
enjoyed considerable property at Rent,
and another at Massey Green, in the pa-
rish of Warburton, and in the immediate
vicinity. \\\ the court rolls of that parish
the nameof Aknold Dkinkwatkk occursas
early as the reign of Henky VH., and that

of Richard Drinkwatf.r, of Bent, in
March, l.'j87. The antiijue stone font, (still
existing 183.'j) in Warburton church, bears
the inscription of "William Diunkvvatkr,
THl^ Kkki'kk, 1595."

In 1G20,

Richard Drinkwatf.r, son probably of
the above mentioned Richard, erected a
considerable mansion on the family estate
at Bent, to which his son,

Arnold Urinkwati-.r, made additions in
IG33, part of which, bearing the date of 1G.'>9,
remained to a very recent period. This Ar-
nold's son,

Richard I)rixkwatf.r, m. in IGOfi,



BKLLA, (liuit;hlcr of Peter Drinkwater, of
Massey (Jrccn, in tlie same parisli of War-
l)iii-ton, and lia<l a iiunicioiis |)ro<::;eiiy, no
less tlian lifteeii cliiUlren, from wliom des-
cend the Dkinkwatkks, whose names ap-
|)ear in the paroeliial registers of Warhur-
ton, from the earliest time mentioned to tlie
present; a handsome eenotaph in theelmreh-
yard of Warburton covers the remains of
Arnold Drinkwater, who is stated to have
died so recently as I SI!). Isabella Drink-
water died in 1729, her father,

Pktf.i{ Dkin'Kwatkk, of Massey Green,
descended from a yonnger brancii of the
Bent family, had, beside that lady, a son
and. heir,

Peter DiUNKWATEit, esq. of Massey
Green and Tiiehvall, both in the county of
Chester. This gentleman, m. Elizabeth,
daughter of John Leigh, of Outrington, and
left a son,

Nathaniel Drinkwater, esq. who fixed
liis residence at Latchford, near Warring-
ton. He married several times, and lived
(o a great age ; his last wife survived him.
By her he lelt two sons and a daughter,

I. John, who lived at Wooley Green,
on an estate given him by his father.
He married and had three sons,

John, who d. unmarried.
George, whose descendants re-
moved to Liverpool.

Nathaniel, who entered into the
mercljants service. He m. and
left issue.

II. Peter, of whom presently.

I. Mary.

The second son,

Peter Drinkwater was educated for the
church, became a fellow of Brazennose
College, Oxford, and was afterwards in-
cumbent of two livings in Northampton-
shire, Raundts and Oundle. He was also
chaplain to the Duke of Manchester, and
resided much at Kimbolton. He m. Anne
Ireton, of Higham Ferrers (a descendant of
the celebrated Sir Henry Ireton), and had
two sons, John and Peter. At the decease
of Mr. Drinkwater, his widow removed from
Northamptonshire to Lancashire, and upon
her demise the family property, which was
considerable, was divided between her two
sons — the elder, John, taking the real, and
the younger, Peter, the personal.

John Drinkwater, the elder son, b. in
1717-8, at Latchford, m. Mary Barton, of
Barton, near Nortluvich, a relation of the
Barrys, of Belmont, and had issue,

I. Peter, who having an ingenious turn
and some knowledge of mechanics,
repaired to London, and ('stal)lished
himself in business. He in. Miss
llawes, and had a large family, but
only one daughter, Mary-Anne, sur-
vived him.

II. John, of whom presently.

I. Mary- Anne, m. to Walworth,

es(i. and d. s. j). in 1800.

This John Drinkwater who inherited consi-
derable property in the counties of Chester,
Lancaster, and Northampton, wasted the
whole of it, and entailed great embarrass-
ments on his family. He (/, in 1 7.09-60.
His second son,

John Drinkwater, b. in 1740, entered
the royal navy, and served during the war
of 1758-9 in the West Indies, where as sur-
geon of the Bipon of sixty guns, he was at
the capture of Guadaloupe, &c. In 1761,
he m. first, Elizabeth Andrews, of Salford,
in Lancashire, and soon after established
his residence in that town, where he lived
many years. He wedded, secondly, in 1779,
Elizabeth Ford. By the first lady he had
issue, viz.

I. John, his heir.

II. Thomas, b. in 1765, entered the
army, and obtaining the majority of
the 62nd foot, distinguished himself
in the first campaigns in St. Do-
mingo, in 1793-4. His regiment at
length was so reduced by losses as
to be sent home to recruit the bat-
talion. They were embarked with a
number of sick officers and invalids
(returning to England) in an armed
freight ship of some force. Ap-
proaching the Channel^ the ship was
warned by the British cruizers of
many of the enemies' ships being
at sea. With the troops the freight
ship had on board, it was decided
that she was equal to cope with
any opponent of a moderate class ;
and the military on board were regu-
larly exercised and stationed to make
the best defence. Major Drinkwater
had, of course, the command of the
troops, and had been superintending
the exercise of musketry with a party
of them stationed in the main top,
when a squall came on w hich obliged
them to descend. The major, alter
remaining in the top to direct his
men, was in the act of coming
down, when a ratline gave way
under him and he was precipitated
into the sea, the ship then going at
the rate of eight or nine knots an



hour. He was an excellent swim-
mer, and so long as he was seen
was observed to bear up manfully.
Boats were of course hoisted out and
the ship rounded to, in the hope of
recovering him, but altliough the re-
mainder of tiie day was given to
search. Major Drinkwater was never
seen afterwards.

III. Samuel-Ireton, drowned, previ-
ously to 1785, whilst bathing in the

Mr. Drinkwater obtained in 1783 the diplo-
ma of M.D., and dying in 175)7 was suc-
ceeded by his son, the present Colonel John
Drinkwater. This gentleman entered the
army in 1777, as an ensign in the royal
Manchester volunteers, a corps of 1000 men
raised by the town in three months, in sup-
port of Government in the American war
after the convention of Saratoga. With this
regiment he proceeded to Gibraltar, in the
summer of 1778, and served with it during
the memorable blockade, bombardment, and
siege of that garrison.

At the peace of 1783, the 72nd regiment
was disbanded, but before that event, Col.
Drinkwater purchased a company ; on being
placed on half-pay, he published a liistory
of the Siege of Gibraltar, which His Majesty
George III. was pleased to receive under
his immediate patronage, and, ever after-
wards, graciously honoured Colonel Drink-
water by his particular notice. Having
completed this work. Colonel Drinkwater
paid the regulated price to return on active
service, and in 1787 joined the 2nd battalion
ot the first or royal regiment of foot, tlien
quartered in his old garrison at Gii)raltar.

During his second residence at Gibraltar
Colonel Drinkwater suggested and carried
into eilect measures necessary for the es-
tabli^sliment of a garrison library, wh'ch was
followed up with sucii spirit and good judg-
ment, as very soon to include a numerous
and highly valuabh^ collection of literature,
on all subjects and in most languages; and
w'liich has since become the model for form-
ing similar establisliments in many British
gairisuns, at home and abroad.

Hostilities with revolutionary France
taking place in 1793, the royal regiment
was detached with otlirr troojjs to reinforce
Toulon, rrccntly occnpii d by Admiral Lord
Hood and the coalesced powers ; and Ge-
neral O'Hara being appointed governor of
that fortress, the XJencral selected Colonel
Drinkwater as his military secretary, and
when General O'Hara was taken prisoner,
he continued to occupy that situation under
General O'Hara's successor, Sir David

On the evacuation of Toulon in December,

1793, Colonel Drinkwater was present during
the subse<iuent proceedings against the
French troops in Corsica, where Colonel
Drinkwater attended General Dundas, un-