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1905. W.
*Falk, Myron S. . Cements, Mortars, and Concretes. 176pp. Tables,

plates and figs. 6X9. Cloth. $2.50. 1905. M . C. Clark.
*Gillmore, Q. A. . Treatise on Limes, Hydraulic Cements and Mortars.

Hid. 8vo. Cloth. $4.00. 1905. V N.
* Jameson, Charles D. . Portland Cement. 8vo. Cloth. $1.50. V N.

* ** Believed to be specially useful.



BIBLIOGRAPHY.

*Le Chatelier, H. . Translated by G. L. Mack. Experimental Re-
searches on the Constitution of Hydraulic Mortars. 140 pp. $2.00.
1907. McG.
*Meade, Richard K. . Portland Cement. 2nd Ed. 380 pp. Cloth.

$3.50. Chemical Publishing Co., Easton, Pa.
Redgrave, Gilbert R. and Spackman, Charles . Calcareous Cements.

328 pp. 63 ills, and diagrams. 8vo. Cloth. $4.50. 1907. L.
Spalding, Frederick P. . Hydraulic Cement. 310 pp. 34 figs. 12mo.
Cloth. $2.00. W.

691.3 Concrete (only).

Gillette, Halbert P. and Hill, Charles S. . Concrete Construction,
Methods and Cost. 700 pp. 310 ills. Cloth. $5.00. 1908. Myron
C. Clark Pub. Co., Chicago.
*Newman, J. . Notes on Concrete and Works in Concrete. 138 pp.

12mo. Cloth. $2.50. 1905. B.
*Sabin, Louis Carlton . Cement and Concrete. 2nd Ed., revised and

enlarged. 584 pp. Hid. 161 tables. $5.00. 1907. McG.
Sutcliffe, G. L. . Concrete: Its Nature and Uses. 2nd Ed., revised and
enlarged. 396pp. Hid. 12mo. Cloth. $3.50. C L.

691.3b Blocks.

Engineering News Publishing Co. . The Manufacture of Concrete
Blocks, and Their Use in Building Construction. 125 pp. Hid
6X9. Cloth. $1.50. 1906. E N.

Rice, H. H. and Torrance, Wm. M. . Concrete Blocks: Their Manu-
facture and Use in Building Construction. Hid. 6X9. $1.50 net.
1906. EN.

691.37 Reinforced Concrete.

Buel, A. W. and Hill, C. S. . Reinforced Concrete. 2nd Ed., revised

and enlarged. 444 pp. 311 figs., tables. 6X9. Cloth. $5.00.

1906. E N.
*Considere, A. . Reinforced Concrete. Translated by Leon S. Moisseiff.

2nd Ed., enlarged. 242 pp. 32 figs. $2.00. 1907. McG.
Marsh, Chas. F. . Reinforced Concrete. 545 pp. 512 ills, and tables.

8 X 11. Cloth. $7.00. 1905. V N.
Reid, Homer A. . Concrete and Reinforced Concrete Construction.

906 pp. 715 ills., 70 tables. Cloth. $5.00. Myron C. Clark Pub. Co.,

Chicago.
**Taylor, Frederick W. and Thompson, Sanford E. . A Treatise on

Concrete, Plain and Reinforced. 629 pp. 176 figs. 8vo. Cloth.

$5.00. 1907. W.

**Turneaure, F. E. and Maurer, E. R. . Principles of Reinforced Con-
crete Construction. 317 pp. 11 plates and 130 figs. 8vo. Cloth.

$3.00. 1907. W.

* ** Believed to be specially useful.



OF THt

UNIVERSITY

'




INDEX.



The numbers refer to the pages; those in parentheses, to
paragraphs.

In the alphabetical arrangement, minor words, as "and," "between,"
"in," " on," " through," etc., are neglected.



See also table of Contents, p vi.



Abrasion Beam.



A.



Abrasion,

of mortar and concrete, 1136.
Absorption,

by concrete, 1137, 1206 (39).
Accelerated tests for cements, 938,

945.

Acid, in mortar, 1135, 1136, 1138.
Adhesion,

of concrete, 947 / (36), 947 j (67),
1090 (39), 1106 (37), 1111,
1126, 1128 (6), 1129 (9, 16),
1133, 1196 (113, etc),
-unit, 1126.

Aggregate, Aggregates, 1084, 1136,
1137, 1186. See also the kind
in question,
analysis, 946.
cinder, 1084 (8), 1103 (1), 1137,

1187 (12), 1197 (127).
cyclopean, 1085, 1090 (40),

1187 (15).
effect of on weight of concrete,

1103 (1).

grading, 946, 1088, 1089.
quartering, 946 (4).
for reinforced concrete, 1110 (7).
washing, 1091 (15).
Alum,

and clay, 1135, 1171.

and soap, for waterproofing, 1105

(20), 1137.

Alumina, in cement, 930.
Analysis,

of sand, etc, 946.

Anchor plates, in reinforced con-
crete, 1129.
Arch, Arches,

cpucrete , cost, 1210 (60).
Artificial

stone, concrete, 1084, 1193.
Asphalt,

waterproofing, 1105.

C13



B.



Bag, cement, 935 (56), 940 (1).

1186 (3, 4).

Ballast. See Aggregate.
Bar, Bars. See Reinforcement,

bars.
Barrel,

cement , 935 (51), 940 (1), 1186

(3).
Beam, Beams,

axis, neutral , 1138.
concrete ,

continuous , 1126, 1127, 1200.
diagonal stresses in , 1125.
forms, 1096.
max stresses in , 1125.
reinforced, 1115, 1198. See
also Beams, reinforced con-
crete.

shear in , 1123.
shear reinforcement, 1124, 1126

(55-57), 1128 (3).
specifications, 1198.
strength of , 1115.
stresses in, 1115, 1125.
diagonal , 1125.
maximum , 1125.
continuous , 494 g, 1126, 1127,

1200.
reinforced concrete, specfns,

1200.
deflections,

reinforced concrete , specfns,

1201 (186).
diagonal stresses in , 494 a, 494 e,

1125.
floor , 1198. See also under

Floors.

horizontal shear in , 494 c, 494 e.
loads, suddenly applied , 461.
maximum stresses in , 494 a,

494 e.
neutral axis in ,1138.



INDEX.



Beam Cement.



Beam, Beams continued.

principal stresses, 494 c, 494 g.
reinforced concrete , 1115, 1198.
adhesion, 1106 (37), 1111, 1126,
1128 (6), 1129 (9, 16),
1139, 1196.
axis, neutral , 1138.
continuous , 1126, 1127, 1200.
cost, 1122 (20 d), 1210 (57, 58).
deflections, 1201 (186).
design, 1120.

diagonal stresses in , 1125.
double reinforcement, 1127.
forms for, 1096.
investigation, 1119, 1123.
maximum stresses in , 1125.
moments in , 1116 (7), 1117,
1118 (14, 17), 1121, 1122
(23), 1122 (30), 1123, 1200.
neutral axis, 1138.
ratio of steel and concrete
areas, 1116 (5, 6), 1117,
1118 (11, 12, 15, 16), 1121.
shear in , 1123.
shear reinforcement, 1124, 1126

(55-57), 1128 (3).
specfns, 1198.
stirrups, 1124, 1128 (3), 1139.

spacing, 1199 (162).
stresses m , 1116 (8), 1117,
1118 (13, 15, 16), 1121,
1122 (21-23), 1123 (32),
1125, 1127 (66).
diagpnal , 1125.
maximum , 1125.
T-sections, 1122, 1199 (171).
tension in upper side, 1127.
theory, 1115 (4).
shear, 494 c, 494 e, 1123.
strength, strengths, 1115.
stress, stresses, in ,

diagonal -, 494 a, 494 e, 1125.
maximum , 494 a, 494 e, 1125.
principal , 494 c, 494 g.
suddenly loaded , 461.
vertical shear in , 494 c, 494 e.
Blocks,

concrete, 1203, 1204.
Boiling tests for cement, 938, 945.
Bond. See Adhesion.



effect of mortar, etc, on , 1136.
Brick, Bricks,

incrustations, 947 j (69).
-work,

mortar required for , 947 d.
Briquet, Briquets, cement , 941

(4), 944 (10).
Broken

stone, 1084, 1085, 1088, 1137,

1207 (10).

for concrete. See Aggregate.
Building, Buildings,

concrete, cost, 1210 (61-3).



C.



Calcium chloride, 947 g (45 c), 1107

(56), 1135.
Carbonic acid,

effect on concrete, 1138.
Cement, 930-945, 1086 (8), 1135.
For strength, setting, etc, per-
taining to mortar, see under
Mortar.

accelerated tests for, 938, 945.
adulterants, 934 (39).
age, 935 (60), 1135.
analyses, 933 (32), 942 (4, 8).
bags, 935 (56), 940 (1), 1186 (3,

4).
barrels, 935 (51), 940 (1), 1186

(3).

boiling test for , 938, 945.
brand, specfns, 1186 (1).
brick-dust, 931 (6).
briquet, 941 (4), 944 (10).
in bulk, 935 (59).
calcium chloride, 947 (j, 1107 (56),

1135.

cementation index, 934 (38).
chemical

action of , 1135.
analysis, 933 (32), 942 (4, 8).
tests, 936, (64).
chemistry, 933 (32).
clay in, 930, 1135.
color, 934.

composition, 933 (32), 942 (4, 8).
cost, 1207 (7).
deterioration, 936 (60, 61).
effects of on . See material
or agency in question, under
Cement,
elements, 930 (2), 933 (32), 942

(4, 8).

Erz , 933 (30).
experiments, 1135.
exposure, 936 (60, 61), 947 h (51),

1135, 1186 (4).
factor, lime, 934 (37).
fineness, 934, 940 (3), 941 (3),

943 (6), 1135.

flashing, 936 (63), 947 h (51).
grout, 1102 (128), 1105 (22).
gypsum in , 947 g (45 a), 947 h

(55), 1135.

hardening, 930, 947 /, 947 h, 947 i.
hydraulic
~ index, 933 (33).
lime, 933 (31).
modulus, 933 (35).
index,

cementation , 934 (38).
hydraulic, 933 (33).
ingredients, 930 (2), 933 (32), 942

(4, 8).

iron ore , 933 (30).
lime in, 930, 942 (8). See also

Lime.

lime factor, 934 (37).
lime, hydraulic, 933 (31).



INDEX.



Cement Concrete.



Cement continued.

lime sulphate in , 947 g (45 a),

947 h (55), 1135.
loam in , 1135.
magnesia in , 930 (4) , 940 (3) ,

942 (8).

manufacture, 931.
mix, typical , 1135.
modulus, hydraulic , 933 (35).
mortar. See Mortar,
in mortar, 947 d.
natural, 1135.

in concrete, 1086,1186, 1191(56).
uses, 932 (21), 1186 (1).
needle, Vicat , 947 g (43).
packages, 935 (50), 940 (1), 1186

(3, 4).
Portland ,

manufacture, 931 (14).
uses, 932 (21), 1186 (1).
white, 933 (29).
properties, 934, 940 (3). See also

the property in question.
Puzzolan , 930 (4) , 932.
quantities required and used,

1086, 1135.

requirements, 937, 940, 942.
restoration, 936 (62).
rock, 930 (4).
Roman , 931 (12).
Rosendale , 931 (11).
samples, 940, 942 (1).
setting. See Concrete, setting,

and Mortar, setting,
shipment, 935 (59), 940 (1), 1186

(3).

silica, 932 (25), 1135.
slag, 930, 932 (22).

water required, 947 / (38).
soundness. See under Mortar,
specific gravity, 934 (46), 940 (3),

942.
specifications, 937, 940, 942, 1184,

1186.

Am Soc Civ Engrs, 942.
Am Soc Testg Materials, 940.
Engng Standds Comm of Gt

Brit, 940.

U. S. Engr Officers, 937.
storage, 936 (60, 61), 947 h (51),

1186 (4).

strength. See under Mortar,
sulfuric acid in, 940 (3), 942

(8), 1135.

testing machines for , 938.
tests, 936, 937, 940, 942, 947 i,

1186 (2).

typical mix, 1135.
Vicat needle, 947 g (43).
weight, 934, etc.
white, 933 (29).

Cementation index, 934 (38).
Chloride, calcium , 947 g, 1107

(56), 1135.
Cinder,

concrete, 1084 (8), 1103 (1), 1137,

1187 (12), 1197 (127).



Clay

and alum, 1135, 1171.
in cement, 930, 1135.
in concrete, 1084 (11), 1135, 1186

(6).

in mortar, 947 /, 1135.
in sand, 1135, 1186 (6).
test for , 947 c (32).
Clearance,

in reinforced concrete, 1196.
Clinton,

welded wire, 1132.
wire lath, 1132.

Clips, for cement briquets, 941, 944.
Closet, moist , 945.
Coefficient, Coefficients. See also

the subject in question,
expansion ,

in reinforced concrete, 1110 (9),

1138.
safety. See the construction or

material in question,
uniformity, 947, 1135.
Cold,

effect of ,

on concrete, 1094 (57), 1102
(133), 1107 (44), 1138, 1191.
-twisted lug bar, 1131 (22).
-working of iron and steel, 1129

(9).
Column, Columns,

concrete, 1112, 1113, 1138,

1197.

footings for , 1114.
forms, 1095 (64).
hooped, 1113, 1198 (144, etc),
reinforced, 1112. See Col-
umns, reinforced concrete,
strength of , 1138.
eccentric loading, 1198.
footings, 1114.

hooped, 1113, 1198 (144, etc),
reinforced concrete , 1112, 1134,

1197.

footings for , 1114.
forms, 1095.
formula, Rankine's , 1113

(10).

hooped, 1113, 1198 (144).
reinforcement, 1134, 1197 (131,

etc).

Concrete, 1084. For adhesion, set-
ting and other properties per-
taining to mortar, see also under
Mortar, cement . See also
under structure in question.
See also Reinforced concrete,
abrasion, 1136.
absorption, 1137, 1206 (39).
acids, effect of, 1108 (69), 1138.
adhesion, 947 / (36), 947 j (67),
1090 (39), 1106 (37), 1111, 1126,
1128 (6), 1129 (9, 11, 16), 1139,
1196.

age, effect of, 947 i (64), 1137.
aggregates. See Aggregates,
air, effect of, 1138.



INDEX.



Concrete, alum Concrete, loads.



Concrete continued.

alum and soap treatment, 1105
(20), 1137.

arches, cost, 1210 (60).

asphalt, for waterproofing , 1105
(25).

beams. See Beams, concrete ;
Beams, reinfd concrete ;
and Floors.

behavior, 1137.

blocks,

hollow , for buildings, specfns,

1204.
practice, 1203.

bond. See Concrete, adhesion.

broken stone, 1084, 1085, 1088,
1137, 1207 (10). See also
under Aggregate, and Stone.

building blocks, specfns, 1204.

buildings, cost, 1210 (61-3).

burning, effect of, 1108 (62, 63,
65), 1138.

carbonic acid, effect of, 1138.

cement for , 930, 1086 (8).

chemical effects, 1108.

churning, specfns, 1189.

cinder, 1084 (8), 1103 (1), 1137,
1187 (12), 1197 (127).

clay in, 930, 947 /, 1084 (11),
1135, 1186 (6).

coefficient,

expansion, 1110 (9), 1138.

cold, effect of, 1094 (57), 1102
(133), 1107 (44), 1138, 1191.
See also Concrete, freezing.

coloring, 1103, (137).

columns. See Columns, con-
crete ; and Columns, rein-
forced concrete .

compacting, 1100, 1137, 1189,

1190 (44).
cost, 1210 (47, 48).

compressive strength, 1106 (32),
1193 (81,84,85).

conductivity, thermal , 1138.

consistency, 1090, 1094 (54), 1187
(22).

continuous beams, 1126, 1127,
1200.

contraction, 947 h (56).

coping, 1192 (76).

cost of , 1207.

cracks in , 1108 (61).

crusher dust, 947 e (25), 1186 (7).

cyclopean, 1085, 1090 (40),
1187 (15).

dehydration, 1108 (63).

density, 1088, 1089, 1137.

depositing. See Concrete, plac-
ing .

dry . See also Concrete, consis-
tency,
cost, 1210 (54).

ductility, 1111 (16), 1137.

dumping, 1093 (52). See also
Concrete, placing .

durability, 1137.



Concrete continued.

effect of air, etc, on . See Con-
crete, air, etc.

elastic limit, 1138.

elastic modulus, 1106, 1110, 1111,
1138, 1194.

electrolysis, 1108 (68), 1138, 1139.

elongation, 1111 (16).

expanded metal, 1132 (37).

expansion, 947 h (56), 1108, 1137,
1110 (9), 1138.

experiments, 1135.

fatigue, 1138.

finish, 1102, 1137, 1192.
cost, 1210 (50-52).

fire, effect of, 1108 (62, 63, 65),
1138, 1139.

floors. See Floors, and Beams,
reinforced concrete .

flow of, 1137.

forms. See Forms.

foundations, leveling, 1086 (5).

freezing, 1094 (57), 1102 (133),

1107 (44), 1138, 1191.
calcium chloride, 1107 (56).
forms, removal of, 1191 (58).
protection, 1107.

friction, 1139.

frost, see Concrete, freezing,
frozen , removal of , 1191 (55).
gases, effect of on, 1108 (72).
girders. See also Floors, con-
crete ; Beams, concrete .
forms, 1096.
grading, 1089.
gravel for . See Gravel,
grouting, 1102 (128), 1105 (22).
handling and mixing , 1090.
heat, effect of, 1106 (40), 1107,

1108 (62, 63, 65), 1138.
impermeability, 1088 (22), 1103,

1136, 1138, 1192, 1193 (78).
ingredients. See also under ma-
terial in question,
handling, 1090.
heating, 1107 (53).
measurement, 1091 (10), 1093

(38), 1187 (21).
required, 1087.
storage, 1091 (5).
inspection, cost, 1210 (49).
in iron cylinders, expansion, 1108

(60).
joints in, 1099, 1105 (21), 1108

(61), 1190.
laitance, 947 / (36), 947 k (71),

1137.
large stones in, 1085, 1090 (40),

1187 (15).

law of powers, 1138.
layers, 1094 (53), 1190 (40, 43,

44).

for leveling foundations, 1086 (5).
lifting, 1092 (24).
limit, elastic, 1138.
loads, allowable , specfns, 1193
(83).



INDEX.



Concrete, loam Concrete, stress.



Concrete continued,
loam in , 1084 (11).
manipulation, specfns, 1189. See
also Concrete, placing ; Con-
crete, mixing ; Concrete,
handling .
and masonry, in combination,

1086 (7).

mass , cost, 1210 (56).
materials. See Concrete ingre-
dients.

-metal. See Reinforced con-
crete, and Reinforcement,
metal in . See Reinforcement.

corrosion. 1110 (5), 1136.
mica in, 1135, 1186 (6).
mix, natural , 1087.
mixers, 1092, 1101 (125), 1208
(27). See also Concrete mix-
ing.

mixing, 1092, 1137, 1188.
batch, 1188 (29).
cost, 1208.

hand, 1188 (28, 30).
machine , 1092 (32), 1188 (28).

See also Concrete mixers,
measurement, 1187 (21).
mixers. See Concrete mixers,
for sidewalks, 1202.
water, 1090, 1136, 1187.
weather, effect of, 1092 (30).
wind, 1092 (30).
modulus,

elastic, -1106, 1110, 1111,

1138, 1194.
rupture , 1106 (38).
moistening, 1190 (38), 1191.
molded, 1204.
molds for . See Forms,
mortar for . See Mortar,
natural cement , 1086.
freezing, 1191 (56).
uses, 1086, 1186.
natural mix, 1087.
night work, specfns, 1189 (37).
oil, effect of, 1108 (71), 1138.
painting, 1103 (138), 1137.
paving, 1201.

percolation. See Concrete, per-
meability,
permeability, 1088 (22), 1103,

1136, 1138, 1192, 1193 (78).
permit, specfns, 1196.
picking, 1102 (129).
in piles, 1101 (124).
placing, 1093, 1137, 1189. See

also Concrete, handling,
cost, 1208, 1209.
for sidewalks, specfns, 1202.
underwater, 1100, 1190.

in bags, 1101 (119).
plain , 1086. See also other sub-
heads of concrete,
plants, 1090 (1), 1101 (125).
plastering, 1102 (127), 1192 (66),

1193 (79).
plasticity, 1137.



Concrete continued.

plums in, 1085, 1090 (40), 1187

(15).

Potenzgesetz, 1138.
powers, law of , 1138.
practice, 1135.
pressure, effect of , 1138.
proportions, 1086, 1089.
measurement, 1187 (21).
in reinforced work, 1087 (13).
protection, 1107.

for sidewalks, 1202, 1203.
rain, 1191.
rammers, 1189 (37).
ramming, 1100, 1137, 1189, 1190

(44).

cost, 1210 (47,48).
rehandling, specfns, 1189 (37).
rehydration, 1108 (63).
reinforced . See Reinforced con-
crete, and Reinforcement,
requirements, 1193.
resistance to fire, 1108 (62, 63, 65),

1138.

retaining walls, cost, 1210 (59).
re-tempering, 1137, 1189 (37).
salt in, 1107 (55), 1108 (67,

70).

sand. See Sand,
sea water, effect of , 947 k,

1108 (67), 1136, 1138.
setting, 1090 (39), 1106, 1137.

See also Mortar, setting,
sewage, effect of on , 1138.
shear in , 1123.
shearing strength, 1106 (36), 1138,

1173, 1193 (82).
shrinkage, 947 h (56), 1137.
sidewalks, specfns, 1201.
soap and alum treatment, 1105

(20), 1137.

soundness, 1137. See also Sound-
ness.

specifications, 1184, 1186.
spreading, cost, 1210 (47).
steam, effect of , 1138.
-steel. See Reinforced concrete,
steel for and in . See Rein-
forced concrete ; Reinforce-
ment,
stirrups, 1124, 1128 (3), 1139,

1199 (162).

stone for, 1084, 1085, 1088,
1137, 1207 (10). See also
under Aggregate and Stone,
storage, cost, 1208.
strength, 1106, 1137, 1138, 1193

(81, 84, 85).
compressive , 1106 (32), 1193

(81, 84, 85).
required, 1193.
shearing, 1106 (36), 1138,

1173, 1193 (82).
tensile, 1106 (31, 36), 1138.
torsional , 1173.
transverse , 1106 (38).
stress and stretch, 1138.



INDEX.



Concrete, stresses Form.



Concrete continued ,



allowable, 1193 (83).
stretch, 1111 (16).
subaqueous, 1100-
sunshine, effect of , 1138.
superintendence, cost, 1210 (49).
surface finish, 1102, 1137, 1192.
Sylvester process, 1105 (20), 1137.
temperature, effect of , 1094
(57), 1106 (40), 1107 (44), 1108
(62, 63, 65), 1138.
tensile strength, 1106 (31, 36),

1138.

tests, 1109, 1200.
thawing, 1107 (46, 47).
thermal conductivity, 1138.
tooling, 1102 (129).
torsional strength, 1173.
transportation, cost, 1208.
transverse strength, 1106 (38).
tremie, 1100 (116).
voids in , 1088, 1137
volume of mortar, 1137.
excess required, 1088.
walls,

forms for, 1096 (68).
retaining , cost, 1210 (59).
washing, cost, 1208 (18), 1210

(51).

in water, 947 k, 1100, 1190.
water,

effect of, 1138.

mixing, 1090, 1136, 1187.

salt, 1108 (67).

sea, 947 k, 1108 (67), 1136,

1138.

waterproofing, 1104, 1192, 1193
(78). See also Concrete, per-
meability,
watertightness. See Concrete,

permeability,
weather, 1191.
weight, 1103 (1).
wet, cost, 1210 (54).
wetness. See Concrete, consis-
tency.
Conductivity,

thermal, 1138, 1139.
Considere,

hopped columns, 1113 (15).
Consistency. See under Concrete

and Mortar.

normal, 943 (7), 947 g (43).
Continuous beams, 494 g, 1126, 1127,

1200.

Coping, 1192.
Copper,

effect of cement, mortar, etc,

on, 1136.
Corrugated

bars, 1131 (24).
Crusher, Crushers,

dust, 947 e (25), 1186 (7).
Cup bars, 1131 (25).
Cyclopean concrete, 1085, 1090 (40),
1187 (15).



Cylinder, Cylinders,

iron , concrete in , 1108 (60).

D.

Deformed bars, 1110 (6), 1129 (15,

16), 1139, 1194.

Depositing. See Concrete, placing.
Diagonal stresses in beams, 494 a,

494 e, 1125.

Diamond bar, 1131 (26).
Double reinforcement, 1127, 1199

(165-6).
Dumping concrete. See Concrete,

placing.
Dust,

crusher, 947 e (25), 1186 (7).



E.

Economy unit frame, 1133.
Effective size, 947.
Efflorescence, 947 j (69).
Electrolysis, 1108 (68), 1138, 1139.
Erz-cement, 933 (30).
Evaporation, from mortar, 1136.
Expanded metal, 1132 (37).
Expansion of concrete, 947 h (56),

1108, 1137.
Experiments, 1135, 1140.

F.

Factor,

lime, 934 (37).

safety . See the construction

or material in question.
Feret, R. , sand analysis, 947.
Fineness. See Cement, Sand, etc.
Fire, Fires,

effect on concrete, 1108 (62, 63,

65), 1138.
-proof work,

reinforced concrete in , 1196

(120).
Flashing, of cement, 936 (63), 947 h

(51).
Floor, Floors,

forms, 1096 (67), 1098 (93).
reinforced, 1198.
Footings,

for columns. See Columns.
Form, Forms.

for concrete, 1094, 1137, 1189.
adhesion, 1099.
beams, 1096.
for blocks, 1203 (3).
columns, 1095.
cost, 1209.

depreciation, 1209 (42).
floors, 1096.
for girders, 1096.
lagging, 1096, 1189 (34).
lumber for, 1097.
reinforced , 1095.
removal, 1099, 1191 (58, 61).
shifting, cost, 1209 (42).



INDEX.



Form-Mix.



Form, Forms continued,
sidewalks, 1202.
slabs, 1096.
strength, 1098.
tie-rods in, 1189 (36).
walls, 1096 (68).
Wiederholt system, 1096 (69).
Foundation,

leveling by concrete, 1086 (5).
Frame,

unit, 1133.
Freezing,

concrete. See Concrete, freezing.
Frost,

in concrete. See Concrete, freez-
ing,
forms, removal of , 1191 (58).



G.

Grading,

aggregate, 1088, 1089.

sand, 946.
Granite,

as aggregate, 1-137.
Granulometric analysis of sand, 946.
Gravel,

as aggregate, 1136, 1137.

in concrete, 1084, 1136, 1137.

-concrete, cost, 1210 (55).

cost, 1207 (9).

effective size, 947.

quartering, 946 (4).

screenings, 947 / (26), 946 (3),
1137.

uniformity coefficient, 947.
Grout, 1102 (128), 1105 (22).
Gypsum, 947 g (45 a), 947 h (55),
1135.

H.

Hardening, 930, 947 /, 947 h, 947 i.
Havemeyer bar, 1131 (27).
Heat,

effect on concrete, 1107 (44),

1108 (62, 63, 65), 1138.
Hooped columns, 1113, 1198 (144,

etc).
Horizontal

shear, 494 c, 494 e.
Hydraulic

index, 933 (33).

lime, 933 (31).

modulus, 933 (35).



I.

Incrustation

of walls, 947 j,
Index,

cementation , 934 (38).

hydraulic , 933 (33).
Iron,

cement, mortar, etc, effect of-
on , 1110, 1136, 1139.

-ore cement, 933 (30).



J.



Joint, joints, in concrete work, 1099
1105 (21), 1108 (61), 1190.

K.

Kahn trussed bar, 1133.



L.



for forms, 1096, 1189 (34).
Laitance, 947 / (36), 947 k (71),

1 137.
Lath,

rib, 1133.

wire , 1132.
Lead,

effect of cement, mortar, etc,

on , 1136.
Lime,

in cement, 930, 942 (8).

factor, 934 (37).

hydraulic, 933 (31).

in mortar, 947 e, 947/, 1135, 1136.

quick and slack , 931 (7),
947 e (11, 12).

stone. See Limestone.

sulphate, 947 g (45 a), 947 h (55),

1 13o.
Limestone,

as aggregate, 1137.

in cement manufacture, 930 (4).

crushed vs sand, 1135.

screenings, 947 / (26).
Loam,

in cement, 1135.

in concrete, 1084 (11).

in sand, 1135, 1186 (6).
test for, 947 c (32).
Lug bar, 1131 (22).



M.

Magnesia,

in cement, 930 (4), 940 (3), 942

(8).

in mortar, 947 e (14).
Masonry

and concrete in combination, 1086

(7).

incrustation of, 947 j.
mortar required for , 947 d.
pointing, 947 j (70).
Maximum stresses in beams, 494 a.

494 e.
Mechanical analysis of sand, etc,

946.

Melan system, 1133.
Metal, metals,

effect of cement, etc, on , 1110

(5), 1136, 1139.
expanded, 1132 (37).
rib, 1132 (41).
Mica, in mortar, 1135, 1186 (6).
Mix, natural , 1087.



INDEX.



Mixers Mortar.



Mixers, concrete , 1092, 1101

(125), 1208 (27).
Mixing,

concrete, 1092, 1137, 1188. See

also Concrete, mixing.
Modulus,

hydraulic, 933 (35).
Moist closet, 945.
Moisture,

in sand, 947 6, 1135, 1186 (6).
Molded concrete, 1204.
Molds. See Forms.
Moments,

in continuous beams, 494 g.
in reinfd beams, 1116 (7), 1117,
1118 (14, 17), 1121, 1122 (23,
30), 1123, 1200.
Monier system, 1132 (36).
Monolith bar, 1131 (29).
Mortar,

abrasion, 1136.
absorption, 1137, 1206 (39).
accelerated tests for , 938, 945.
acid in, 1135, 1136.
adhesion, 947 / (36), 947 j (67),
1090 (39), 1106 (37), 1111,
1126, 1128 (6), 1129 (9, 16),
1139, 1196.
aeration, 1136.
age, 947 i (64), 1137.
boiling test for, 938, 945.
briquet, 941 (4), 944 (10).
calcium chloride in , 947 gr, 1107

(56), 1135.

cement, 930, 947 d, 1136.
cement in , 947 d.
chemistry of , 947 d (2).
clay in , 947 /. 1135.
consistency, 947 /, 1136.

effect on adhesion, 947 / (36).
laitance, effect of on , 947 /

(36).

normal, 943 (7), 947 g (43).
contraction of ,947 h (56), 1137.
crusher dust in, 947 e (25), 1186

density 'of , 1136.
drying, 1108 (59).
efflorescence, 947 j (69).
evaporation from , 1136.
expansion of , 947 h (56) 1108,

1136, 1137.
experiments, 1136.
finish, 947 j, 1102, 1137, 1192.
freezing. See Concrete, freezing,
grading, 1136.
gypsum in, 947 g (45 a), 947 h

(55), 1135.

hardening, 930, 947 /, 947 h, 947 1.


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