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REYNOLDS HI'^TORICAL
OEBEALCKSY COLLECTl©N



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.LEN COUNTY PUBLIC UBRARY

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Digitized by tine Internet Arciiive

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MEMORIALS



Mauran Family



C()LI.ECTi;i) IN TART IIV

JAK4h:S iiDDY M AUK AN.



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JOHN C. STOCKBRIDGE.



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The Mauran Coat-of-Arms.



Pkovidi-nc E, n.



TO MY WIFE,

MARY T. (MAURAN) STOCKURIIX;]:,

TO WHOSE

DEEP INTEREST IN HER I'ATHER's FAMILY

THE INCEI'TION OF THIS WORK

WAS 1>UE, AND TO

WHOSE AID AND ENCOIIR AGEM ENT MIST BE LARGELY

ATTRIUUTED ITS FULFILMENT AND WHATEVER

MEASURE OF SUCCESS MAY FOLLOW

ITS rUULICATION,

THESE MEMORIALS OF THE

MAUKAN FAMILY-



ARE AFFECTIONATELY DEDICATED.



INTRODUCTION.



Thk statement is made on the title page of tliis volume
that tiic collection of the materials for the " iNIemorials of
the Mauran I*"amily " was made, "in part," by James Eddy
Mauran. It is due to Mr. Alauran to say that by far the
most important and valuable part of these materials was col-
lected by him. He spared no pains in his researches,
as will be readily seen by examining chapters one, two,
three, four, and si.\ of this volume.

It has been the aim of the con-jyiLr to select from the
large amount of manuscript placed in his hands after the
decease of I\Ir. James E. Mauran, such portions thereof as,
in his judgment, will be of greatest interest to the descend-
ants of Joseph Carlo Mauran.

The genealogical tables of the families of the sons and
daughters of Joseph Carlo Mauran arc not complete, not-
withstanding the earnest efforts made to obtain the desired
information, and it is probable that some errors will be found
among the hundreds of names and dates given. The com-
piler trusts, however, that a fair degree of accuracy has
been attained in all the details of the volume, for which re-
sult the compiler is greatly indebted to the advice and aid
rendered by Mr. VV. W. Chapin in correcting the proof sheets
as they were passing through the press.

J. C. StOCK.I!RIDGE.
' Pkovidknck, R. I.

237 Bcncjit St.,

1893.



CONTENTS.



I. Early Tkacks of the Mauran Family i

I[. TiiK Mauran Nami; ano Coat-ok-Arms ii

III. Maurans as Memi!i;rs of iuk (Jrijku of riiic KNUiiirs

OF Malta 19

IV. Gknealooical Records, from 1600 to 1748 2^

V. Genealoc;ical Rkcorus, from 174S to 1S93 31

\'I. Biographical Sketch of Joski'h Carlo Mauran . . iiy

VII. Visits of Suciiet, the So.v, and of I-'dward Carring-
TON, the Grandson, 10 the HiRTiirLACE of Joseph

Carlo Mauran 139

VIII. Letieks from Relatives in the Old World .... 147



EARLY TRACES



Mauran Family.



Early Traces of the Mauran Family,



A NUMBER of isolated cases of persons bearing tlie name
of Mauran — the spelling of the name slightly varying — are
to be found in several parts of the kingdom of France, but
more particularly at Toulouse in Languedoc. The oldest
instance in that province, thus far discovered, is Maurin, a
vassal of Louis le Debonnaire, who was appointed Avou<f,
or Defender, of the Monastery of Aniane. at Montpelier, A. D.
832. Whether he and others, hereafter to be mentioned,
belong to the same family, it is impossible to decide.

Maurin occurs as the name of several prelates from the
ninth to the twelfth century. Then follow Maurens and,
later, Maurand, or Mauran. Except Maurens, which seems
to have belonged to the North of France and also to Dauphine,
it is conjectured that the name in its several forms belonged
to one and the same race.

Bonus Mancipus Maurain was witness to a charter in Tou-
louse, A. D. 1 141.

Maurino, Archdeacon of the Abby of St. Anthony, at
Pamiers, is named in charters of A. D. 1 1 70 and A. D. 1172.

Allusion is made at some length in the biographical sketch
of Joseph Carlo Mauran to the celebrated heretic, Pierre
Mauran, and to the persecutions he endured about the mid-
dle of the twelfth century on account of his faith.

After Pierre we find Gulielme Maurini, Arch-deacon of
Maguelen, A. D. 11 82, and then A. D. 1200, 1201, and 12 14,
.another Mauran who was a capitoul of Toulouse, capitoul
having been the title at Toulouse of the municipal officer
who in other cities was called consul.



4 THE MAURAN FAMILY.

Raymond and Analric Maurand are referred to as capitouls,
A. D. 1192.

A. D. 1200, Gulielme de Alauran, at the head of his vas-
sals, was obliged to accept terms from the Toulousans.

Petrus Maurandus appears in a document A. D. 1204.

A. D. 1210, Bertramus Maurini is a witness to a homage of
a Seigneur d'Alais to the Comte de Toulouse.

At the battle of Muret, A D. 1213, won by Simon de
Montfort, three Alaurands were leaders of the infantry op-
posed to him. The inference is that some of the Maurans
of that period were Protestants.

A. D. 1217, one Maurano swore homage to Simon de
Montfort, before Toulouse.

A. D. 1228, Maurin II. was abbot of a monastery, over
which he presided for thirty years.

A. D. 1229, Moranus Raymv.ndus, or Raymond Alauran,
was a hostage for the treaty of peace between St. Louis and
Raymond VII., Comte de Toulouse.

A. D. 1244, Guirard Maurand, of Toulouse, was tried by
the Inquisition as an Albigensian. It will be remembered
that the Inquisition was organized at the twelfth Council of
Toulouse, held A. D. 1229, and that a special tribunal was
appointed later, designed to effect the complete e.xtermination
of the heretical Albigenses who had escaped the sword.

A. D. 1249, G. Maurini is mentioned among the Consnies
et probi Gallaici, in an oath of fidelity sworn to the Comte de
Toulouse.

A. D. 1250, Bonus Mancipus Maurandi, of Toulouse, Capi-
toul, A. D. 1246, is referred to as having been a witness to a
charter.

A. D. 1252, Mauronus de Maritis was one of the knights
who served in the Holy Land under Alfonse, Comte de
Toulouse.

A. D. 1270, Mauran de Belpuch was concerned in the seiz-
ure of the Earldom of Toulouse by the King of France in the
same year.



EARLV TRACES OF THE MAURAN FAMILY. 5

A. D. 1 27 1, Philip of France received the homage of
Gulielmus Petri de Maurens, or Maurini, for himself and his
brother. We find also the names of Dominus Gulielmus
de Maurens, Seigneur de S. Martino, and Dominus Sepanus
de Maurens, Knight de Vascania.

Another branch of the Mauran family, holding office in
Avignon, A. D. 1271, was represented by the following per-
sons, viz. :

Gulielmus Maurini, Consul of Bromio.
Gulielmus Maurini, Consul of Molluilla.
Geraldus Alaurini, Consul of Avellanto, and
Joannes Maurini, Notary of Villano Saccarici.

In the same year, 1271, Maurand de Belpuch appears as
one of the first capitouls of Toulouse.

On the roll of a muster held A. D. 1272, in Cotentin, in
Normandy, appears Jacobus de Maurini, an esquire.

We find, also, elsewhere :

A. D. 12S4, Pierre Maurand.

A. D. 12S6, Etienne de Maurand.

A. D. 1289, Armand Maurand.

A. D. 1290, Raimundi Moran, of Bergiers, in Languedoc.

A. D. 1294, Raymond Mauran was capitoul.

A. D. 1297, Pons IV. Maurin was Abbot of Valmagni,
and was transferred, A. D. 13 19, to Grandsalve, at Toulouse.

A. D. 1300, is mentioned Ramundus Athenis, son of Ra-
mundi Maurandi, and P^tienne Maurand was a capitoul of
Toulouse in the same year.

A. D. 1306, PItienne and Olderic Maurand were capitouls.

A. D. 1307, Raymond Bon. Mancip. and Aldric Maurand
were capitouls.

A. D. 1308, Gulielmus Maurand.

A. D. 1314, Aldric and Mancip. Mauran.

A. D. 1318, Gulielme Maurin.

A. D. 1 33 1, Guliel. de Maurens, Knight, served in the expe-
dition to reduce Lyons, and, A. D. 1335, on a roll of the army,



6 THE MAURAN FAMILY.

Pierre Maurin and others are mentioned, all of Voreppe, in
Dauphine.

A. D. 1339, Petrus de Mauran appears in a muster roll of
the forces of the Comte de Foise at Mount iMarsen. In the
same year Dom. Bertrandus de .Maurens, Knight, swore fidel-
ity to the King of France for his castle and town of Alaurens.
. Mr. James Eddy Mauran quotes from M. de Mege, editor
of the works of Dom. Vaissette, 1S44, who speaks of those
ancient Maurands who entered several times into the munic-
ipal magistracy of Toulouse, and whom Lafaille has placed
among the most ancient and most celebrated families of the
Earldom of Toulouse.

" The Maurans," remarks M. de Mcge, " were so called for
some reason now forgotten and lost, and not from their
lands: they did not have to imitate the noblemen of the first
families of Languedoc, who, cutting off the particle de of
their name in their proofs of nobility, wished thus to show
the antiquity of their race and prove that their names be-
longed to their families and not to their lands." He quotes
Lafaille as saying that "the Maurans made, A. D. 1747, con-
siderable donations to the Bishop of Toulouse. This family
was made up of several branches, which have been long since
extinct. A daughter of this house having married into that
of the Joannis de Gargas, the latter has kept the revenues
which the Maurands had in Toulouse, and even the arms
which are ' cheeky, or and azure. ' "

Lamothe-Langon, L Histoire de I' Inqinsition en France,
Paris, 1829, differs from Lafaille. He affirms that the arms
he had seen, both in the archives of Malta and in the Ms.
annals of Toulouse were " cheeky, or and gules." He adds,
" The houses of Mauran now existing in Languedoc have
nothing in common with the old race. This family was
counted among the most ancient and respectable of Langue-
doc. Public titles prove that it enjoyed an illustrious rank
at Toulouse so early as A. D. 1141. It claimed to have de-
scended from the Dukes of Aquitaine, and brought forward



EARLY TRACES OF THE MAURAN FAMILY. 7,

proofs which we have verified in the archives of the Order of
Malta at Toulouse."

M. de Mege says, "In those times husbands did not join
the arms of their wives to their own, unless they were heir-
esses of their houses. The mere fact of the family into
which the heiress of the IMaurans married retaining her arms
tends to display how large were her possessions."

"There yet remains," says Dom. Vaissette, " a grand monu-
ment of the dwelling-house of the illustrious family of the
Maurans. It is the great tower of the College of Perigord."
M. de Mege adds, "The base alone remains, and at this mo-
ment (1841) is being covered with a strong coat of white-
wash." The castle of Maurand extended over the vast space
occupied by the e.xisting Grand Seminary. It was the
ancient palace of Pierre Mauran, the celebrated Albigensian
heretic. It was sold by a member of the family. May g,
1363, to the Comte Talleyrand de Perigord. Lafaille says,
"The Cardinal Talairan," i.e. Talleyrand, "having com-
menced the foundations of a college in Toulouse, A. D. 1375,
had already bought the house with the big tower, which was
the ancient domicile of the Maurans." He adds, " We learn
from old titles that the dwellings of people of quality and of
wealthy persons of these times were built like the castles in
the country, the greater part isolated, with embattlements
and other marks of seigniory. There remain to this day a
few towers of this kind, such as the tower of Mauran, which
is a part of the College of Perigord." Further on he says, "The
house of Mauran, built of brick, was reduced to ashes by the
Catholics, A. D. 1561."

The name, it has already been remarked, occurs con-
stantly in the list of capitouls from A. D. 1 271 to A. D. 1453.
This office of capitoul was much sought after, those hold-
ing it having command over the troops of the city, and a
title of nobility was granted to the possessors and their
descendants, besides admission into all the orders of knight-



» THE MAURAN FAMILY,

hood. Its importance is verified by an old saying of the
twelfth century :

" De gran noblessa pren titol
Qiii de Tolosa es capitol."

The capitouls were confirmed in their nobility by letters
patent, dating from A. D. 1422 to A. D. 1772, (See Dom.
Vaissette, vol. vi., add. 50 to 61 and jj. Also, de la Roque,
Noblesse de Langucdoc, p. 115.)

The following list of capitouls is compiled from Lafaille
and Bremond :

Jourdain Maurand, Seigneur de Pompignon, or Pompinha,
was Capitoul of Toulouse. A. D. 1313, 1327 and 133S.

Bertrand Maurand, Seigneur de Gragnaigue, Capitoul A.
D. 1315 and 1331.

Odric, ou Aldric, Mauran, co-Seigneur dc Valsegur, Capi-
toul A. D. 1322, 1326 and 1330.

Aldric Maurand, Seigneur de Belveze, Capitoul A. D. 1319,
1323 and 1332.

Mancip. Maurand, Seigneur de Montrabe, Capitoul A. D.
1320, 1324 and 1340.

Aldric Maurand, Seigneur de Beauzelle, Capitoul A. D.
1320 and 1326.

Jean Mauran, Seigneur de Monts, Capitoul A. D. 1321 and
1326.

The name continues to appear very frequently in the list
of capitouls during the remainder of the fourteenth century.
Indeed, it does not disappear until A. D. 1434, according to
one writer, and A. D. 15 12, according to another. About this
time occurred, probably, the emigration from Languedoc to
Savoy, to which the so called heretics were forced by the per-
secutions of the Romish Church. The tradition is that not
far from the middle of the sixteenth century, Francois Mau-
rini, called Eustache, captain of the Protestants, was con-
demned to death at Toulouse for contumacy. In a French
poem written about this time, the writer, alluding to a noble



EARLY TRACES OF THE MAURAN FAMILY. 9

roll of Frenchmen, inhabitants of Savoy, introduces a eulogy
to a Doctor Morand, who, he says, "is dying daily for Christ."

" Tu as aussi le bon Docteur Morand,

Qiii est pour Christ, de jour en jour, iiiour.int :

Homme accomply en hi Tlieologie,

En Modecine et en Astrologie,

Et plus subtil que ces Sophistreaux

S'il fault parler des sept ars liberaux.

Ferine et constant comine le fort rocher,

Et rhomme ii qui on ne peult reprocher

Rien en sa vie ou doctrine atimirable."

At what time the Maurans, who, as we have seen, were,
for so manv years, citizens of Toulouse, came to Villef ranche,
we have not been able to ascertain.

The Maurans of Toulouse continued to be Protestants, we
have reason to believe, after the emigration to Villefranche;
but in the course of time and through intermarriage with
Catholics, they returned to their earlier faith.

The first Mauran of the Villefranche branch, of whom wc
have knowledge, was Giovanni, who must have been born
about the middle of the si.vteenth century, for it is recorded
in the parish register of Villefranche that his daughter,
Francesca, was married to Michele, son of Giachomo Inardi,
May 7, 1 60S.

The earliest known record of a member of the family, in
the same register, is that of Anna Maria Mauran, born
March 18, 1600, a certificate of whose baptism, made by the
curate of the parish in 1S77, was received by Mr. James E.
Mauran and is now among the papers which he left. Through
his own efforts, as well as those of other members of the fam-
ily, Mr. Mauran had obtained copies from the parish register,
of the records of the births of more than seventy members of
the family and of many of their marriages and deaths, and was
thus able to trace the descent of his grandfather, Joseph
Carlo Mauran, from Giovanni, the earliest known member of
the Villefranche branch of the family. The following is a
copy of the certificate of the baptism of Anna Maria Mauran :



lO THE MAURAN FAMILY.

Paroisse de St. Michel Arch.

VlLLEFRAXCHE-SUR->lER.

Extrait d'acte de naissance et de Baptcme du registre de I'etat civil de
la paioisse de St. Michel de VilletVanche, Alpes-inaritimes, France.

L'an de notre Seigneur, mil six cent, le Di\-luiit du mois de Mai-s, je
soussigHL', curedecette paroisse, ai baptisu une enfant, nOe :i Villefranche,
le Dix-huit Mars, fille de Maurand Constnntin et de Fran(;oise, son
epouse. laquelle enfant a rec,'u le nom de .\nne Marie. I.e parrain a ete
Honoru Maurand: la marraine a ete Marie, sa femme.

Sig-zit, ASSONO, Curt.

Copie et traduction du Latin confornies
V^illefranche, 17 Fevrier, 1S77.

C. SIGA, Viciiirc.

So far as appears, 1S37 was the date of the last entry of
the name of ^lauran in the register of St. Michel. Mr.
Mauran, referring to his list of rpembers of the family com-
piled from the Villefranche records, says: "I have omitted
to enter several other instances of the name, deeming them
not of sufficient importance. But the foregoing will show
how far back we can trace our lineage. They were un-
doubtedly branches of a very large family, but how related
to us is unfortunately lost."

Note. — The following is the conclusion of a historical sketch which
Mr. Mauran has given of Villefranche : "The Nizzards (inhabitants
of Nice; in Italian, Nizza) were quite as much Italian as the Genoese,
and their dialect was, if an3'thing, nearer the Tuscan than the harsh
dialect of Genoa. The province was as deeply attached to Italy as Alsace
and Lorraine were attached to France before the late German conquest.
I think we can consider our family to be of Italian origin, Villefranche at
the time of the disappearance of Joseph Carlo having been in the domin-
ions of the Duke of Savoy."



The Mauran Name



COAT OF ARMS.



The Mauran Name and Coat of Arms.



The compiler of these " Memorials of the Mauran Family "
lays no claim to a technical knowledge of the subject of
heraldry, nor does he pretend to be able to unravel the mys-
teries connected with "coats of arms." Fortunately these
were matters in which James Eddy Mauran took a deep in-
terest, and about which he could speak and write with a good
degree of authority. From the considerable mass of materials
which he collected, I shall select some of the speculations which
occurred to him, and also such of the facts, which by most
diligent research he had gathered together, as I think may
be interesting to those who are especially concerned in the
work I have undertaken.

Mr. Mauran says that in the course of his studies he has
read and e.x-amined agreat number of histories and pedigrees
of foreign families, but can recall none which in interest
compares with that of the Mauran family. This name is con-
nected in a twofold way with the early literature of the South
of Europe. In the institution of the Floral Games of Tou-
louse, A. D. 1324, which became so celebrated, both the
name and the armorial bearings appear. At these renowned
poetical trials, presided two of the house of Mauran, who
were at that time magistrates of the town. Both name and
arms are interwoven with the remote traditions and romances
of the Middle Ages. The giant, or Saracen, was the grand
feature of the traditions and romances of that early period,
and his discomfiture ever brought glory to his knightly
assailant.



I4-rAL THE MAURAN FAMILY.

"Although through lack of materials," remarks Mr. Mau-
ran, " I may fail to determine our origin and descent, numer-
ous examples of other families which have come under my
notice, will tend to show by analogy, how other houses ac-
quired their names and surnames. Meanwhile," he adds, "it
is a great satisfaction to know that the name still exists."
Laine, in \\\?, Reviczv of the Hall of the Cnisaders at Versailles,
1844, tells us that out of one hundred and ninety thou-
sand noble families of France since the reign of Philip
Augustus, four-fifths have passed away. Mr. Mauran says :
"As I have no certain clue to the origin either of the name of
Mauran or its coat of arms, I find myself at greater liberty
in indulging my fancies in speculations on the probable cause
of the first adoption of the name and also of the Moor's head
as an armorial bearing."

It is the opinion, as we learn from Mr. Mauran, of some
trustworthy writers on heraldry that names preceded and
gave rise to arms. This is the view taken by De La Roque,
who in his Traitt' de Vorigiue des noms, Paris, 1681, p. 34,
says : " It has been believed at the North that names have
been derived from arms. This belief is contrary to that of
other nations who have taken, most likely, their arms from
their names, according to an almost infinite number of ex-
amples."

The President Valbonais, in his Histoiie du Datiphinc, holds
the following view : " It is a general impression," he says,
"that before the year 1000, family names were not heredi-
tary and did not pass from parents to children. Neither
were surnames from lands in usage; and armorial bearings
were not introduced until a long time after."

Laine, in his Archives de la Noblesse de France, says that
"family names have been hereditary only since the year 1000.
Names of places are more ancient."

In the reign of William II. there is every reason to believe
that the heraldic distinctions began by degrees to be intro-
duced into England, and that in the time of Richard I.



THE MAURAN NAME AND COAT OF ARMS. 1 5

these had become hereditary. See Montagu's Guide to the
Study of Heraldry, London, 1840.

But names, or rather surnames, certainly must have pre-
ceded armorial bearings, and they were transferred to the
shield '\n armcs parlantes when it had become the custom to
ornament this with distinguishing and particular signs. See
Marq. de Magny's Livre d' or de la Xoblesse, Paris, 1846.
J. R. Blanche, in his Pursuivant of Anns, London, 1S52, p.
68, upholds the same theory.

The most ancient coats of arms, it has been justly remarked,
were formed of objects which had some relation, either near
or distant, to the names of their bearers. They were, fre-
quently, cold allusions and insipid plays upon words, and such
was necessarily the case among the people at the dawn of
the Middle Ages. All that nature or the arts could give
birth to in a rebus, was put under contribution. These arms
are called amies parlantes, ox "canting," as it is termed in
English heraldry, because they designate, as it were, the
family adopting them.

Italy seems, in particular, to surpass other countries, ac-
cording to the Art du Blasoii of the learned Pere Menestrier,
in the matter referred to. "There is," says he, "no nation
where there are so many amies parlantes as in Italy, because
there are but few whose names are more significant and
more proper to make 'canting' arms of."

It is scarcely possible to find an ancient coat that was not
originally "canting," or allusive, excepting, of course, those
displaying honorable ordinaries, a term in heraldry denoting
a class of plain devices, which took their rise from the orna-
mental strengthening of the shield.

It is not certain whence the name Mauran derived its
origin. It is supposed to be connected in some way with the
Moors, who left their names in the places where they re-
sided. On the Mauran coat of arms appears to be a Moor's
head in black. Dom. Vaissette says : " In Romance {langue
romane) the word niaure has the same significance as the



1 6 THE MAURAN FAMILY.

word 'black.'" At old Toulouse the peasants give the
name of viarcns to old medals blackened by age. A rock to
which time has given a sombre tint or which has it from
nature itself, receives the epithet of niaiirc, or black. It has
been the same with the walls of old castles. In Spain a
ridge of mountains is now called Sierra Morcna, or Black
Mountains. In fact, the term maiire was synonymous with
black, derived perhaps from the color of the former invaders
from Africa. In the Musee Universel of January, 1873,
appeared an article entitled Siin Burnt Faces, in which was
the following : " When a face was of a tanned brown, the
bearer, in former times, was called by the name of maure.
Ludovico Tvlaria Sforzo, Duke of Milan, was nicknamed il
mora, on account of the swarthy hue of his complexion, and
bore for his device a mulberry tree, which in Italian is termed
luoro. A horse of a brown color was called c/icval morel,
morenu, or viorieau. The name was given to both animate
and inanimate objects.

From Maure came Maurand, Maurant, Mauras, Mauraux,
Maurey, Maurice, Maurin, Maurio, Maury.

From More, which savors of Brittany, came Morain,
Morand, Morando, Morane, Morange, Morard, Moras, Morat,
Moratel, Moraux, Moreau, Moreaux, Moreno, ]\Ioret, More-
ton, Morey, Moria, Moricat, Morice, Morie, Morillet, Moril-
lon, Morinat, Morineau, Morinet, Morinot, Morrin, Morlat,
Mowry.

The number of the Morin and the Moreau is considerable;
that of the ]\Iaurel, Morel, Moreel, Morelli is not less. To


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