John Davidson.

Inverurie and the earldom of the Garioch; a topographical and historical account of the Garioch from the earliest times to the revolution settlement, with a genealogical appendix of Garioch families flourishing at the period of the revolution settlement and still represented online

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Online LibraryJohn DavidsonInverurie and the earldom of the Garioch; a topographical and historical account of the Garioch from the earliest times to the revolution settlement, with a genealogical appendix of Garioch families flourishing at the period of the revolution settlement and still represented → online text (page 1 of 82)
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INVEEUEIE

AND

THE EARLDOM OF THE GARIOCH

A TOPOGEAPHICAL AND HISTOEICAL ACCOUNT OF
THE GAKIOCH

FEOM THE EAKLIEST TIjMES TO THE EEVOLUTIOISr SETTLEMENT

WITH A

GENEALOGICAL APPENDIX

OE GAEIOCH FAMILIES FLOUKISHING AT THE PEEIOD OF THE
EEVOLUTION SETTLEMENT AND STILL EEPEESENTED.

BY

The Eev. JOHl^" DAVIDSON, D.D.,

MINISTER OF I.N'VERUKIE.



EDINBURGH: DAVID DOUGLAS.
ABERDEEN: A. BROAVN & CO.

187 8.



1304318

PREFACE.



The following contribution to local liistory had its origin in a natural wish on
the part of the author to know as much as could be ascertained with certainty of
the early history of his own parish. The publications of the Spalding Club and
kindred antiquarian societies have suggested and facHitated many such inquiries.
In the present case the antiquities of a Eoyal Burgh, which had been obscure for
centuries among the Scottish municipalities, became a tempting subject of
research after the discovery that the burgh was in existence before a.d. 1200 ; to
which fact, as a piece of curious information, the author's attention was drawn by
the late Dr. Joseph Eobertson when that gentleman was editing Volume
IV. of the Spalding Club "Antiquities of the Shires of Aberdeen and
Banff." A minute examination of a number of the authentic documents printed
by the same Club, brought to light other highly interesting particulars respecting
individual dwellers in the Burgh of Inverurie, or its neighbourhood, in long past
times ; while other works by historical antiquarians and local discoveries of
prehistoric remains furnished matter introductory to a contiauous memoir of the
topography of Inverurie and the Garioch, and of recorded inhabitants of the
district from the time when Saxon civilisation was introduced into it by Malcolm
Canmore and Queen Margaret.

The peculiar position of the Earldom of the Garioch in Scottish history, led
to an investigation as to what families and estates were of local importance at
the successive epochs of David of Huntingdon's Earldom, and tlie battles of
Inverurie and Harlaw, and during the long period when the Lordship of the
Garioch was withheld, along with the Earldom of Mar, by the Stuart kings from
the hereditary claimants— the Erskines, descended from Elyue, daughter of
Gartney Earl of Mar, and Christian, Lady of the Garioch.



The local history of a large immediately succeeding period the author had
opportuniuity, from his position, of investigating by means of unpublished docu-
ments, ecclesiastical and municipal — the Eecords of local Chiirch Courts, and the
Court Books and Sasine Registers of the Burgh of Inverurie.

The information drawn from these ecclesiastical and burgh manuscripts, has,
as new material of history, been given in the form of literal extracts. It has not
been thought necessary to encumber the work with marginal references to the
very great mass of topographical and genealogical particulars obtained from the
Spalding Club books, and put into connection and liistorical position in this
volume, — the indices to these books affording sufficient means of verification.

With the object of making the Index of gi-eater value for genealogical refer-
ence, dates have been appended to individual names; and by the same means a
connected view is given of the proprietary of individual estates, which the chro-
nological arrangement of the work did not make otherwise possible. The Index
has also been taken advantage of to supplement in some particulars the details
of matters treated of in the text. The diversity in the spelling of proper names
that appears in the work has intentionally been allowed to remain, as itself a
liistorical feature of the periods described.

The author has had the advantage of extensive aid in the topographical and
genealogical portions of the work from several gentlemen, able from private
sources to enhance the value of the publication in these respects. Messrs
George Burnett, Lyon King of Arms, Alexander Johnston, and Charles Dalrymple,
have been at much pains in giving accuracy and interest to notices of family
history. The illustration at page 73, was obligingly furnished by Mr. Alexander
Walker, Dean of Guild of the City of Aberdeen, from his " Life of John
Kamsay," and the Genealogical Appendix has been enriched by historical par-
ticidars taken from his List of the Deans of Guild of that city.

The compilation of the materials, presented in historical connection in this
volume, has been the work of long time, and the inquiries rendered necessary
brought to the author's notice the existence of a great mass of hitherto un-
published and interesting matter. The records of the several Presbyteries of
Aberdeen and Banffshkes, and of some of the parishes, contain much that



Preface. vii

illustrates the condition of society in Scotland during a large portion of the
seventeenth century. Numerous particulars of family history are preserved in
local Eegisters of Sassine and the Protocol Books of notaries public ; and there
remain, even after the labours of the Spalding Club, charter chests that would
amply repay investigation. Two of them are repeatedly referred to in this
volume, — that of Balquhain, much of which was printed by the late Colonel
Leslie, and that of Bourtie, — portions of which possessing historical interest the
author has given in the following pages.



CONTENTS.



INTRODUCTION.



Primitive Inhabitation.— The Bass and Stanners of Inverurie— 1. Dunnideer— .\rdtannies— 2.

Remains of Stone Period— Cists, Urns, Cairns, and Tumuli — 3. Discovery at BroomenJ— 4.
Ancient Highways. — Fords of Don to Dunnideer — Tyrebagger to Inverurie — Stone Circles and

Sculptured Monoliths— 5. Invenirie to Monymusk— 6. Double Road from Broomend to

Drimniies and the Warders' Castle — Branch to Caskieben — 7. Leslie to Dunnideer— 8.

Inverurie to Jleldrum and Howford— The Roman Iter — 9.

Chapter I.
EARLY HISTORY DOWN TO THE BATTLE OF INVERURIE.

NRURIN. — Vernacular Names— 11. Dunnideer — King Arthur — 12.

Celtic CrviLisATiON.— lona— Pictish Kingdoms— Mormaories of Mar and Buchan — The Garioch and
Strathbogie in the Crown— King Aodh buried at Nrurin— 13. Gregory the Great— Culdees at
Monymusk— Chapel of ApoUinaris— Ard Tonies— Early Lords of Ardtannies — 14. Malcolm
Canmore— Robert, Prince of the Catti— Traces of the Danes— 15. Bartolf, ancestor of the
Leslies— "Grip Fast"— The Leslies— 16. Saxou Civilisation— The Romish Church— Parishes
and Monasteries— Culdee Stations— 17. Priory of Monymusk — The Durwards — 18.

The Earldom of the Garioch— 18. David Earl of Huntingdon and the Garioch— Earldom Lands,
original and alienated— Knockinglews — Earl David's Lands— 19. Coroner's Lands of Blakhall
—Style of Earl David— Ecclesiastical Gifts ante 1200—20. Local Priests— Tofts in Royal
Burghs given to Monasteries— Mixture of Population— Flemings— 21. Food- The Legate Galo
— Fortunes of Earl David — 22. His Death and Descendants — John the Scot — Isobel, wife of
Robert Bruce— 23. The Four Roberts— Close of the Earldom— 24.

The Kirk of Rothael and Burgh of Ixverthurin— 24. Papal Bulls to the Abbey of Lindores —
Earl David's Charter-Garioch Vicarages— 25. First Churches at Invenirie- The Abbey Toft
—26. The Vicar's Glebe— Date of the Burgh— 27. Burgh of Kintore- Limits of Inverurie
Royalty— 28. The Davo of Inverurie— 29. Lands of the Lord Superior of Regality— 30.

The Constables op Enroueie— 30. Wealth of Scotland circa 1200— Norman Immigrants— Malcolm,
Constable — Crosade — Private Estates — 31. Earl David's Preparation for the Crusade — Badi-
furrow — Sir Kenneth of Scotland— 32. Prominent Surnames — Norman, Constable — Rothie-
norman— Auchterless— Frcndraught— Slaveiy— Spital of Old Aberdeen- 33. Caskieben—
Noriuo, Constable— Isobel de Biuce and her Son— The Leslies of Fifeshire— The Braces— 34.
b



Contents.



Royal Visiits to Kintore— Thomas the Rhymer and the Bass of Inverarie— Vicarage Endowments
Ratified— 35. Functions of the Abbeys— Fettemear—Birse— 36. Garioch Priests and others,
1199-1262— Richard, Vicar of Inverurie— Bishop's Court at Inverurie- Sir Philip, First of the
Mcldi-ums— Schools of Aberdeen— Episcopal Estates— Glack and Fingask— Sir Norman de
Leslie, Adopter of the Sumame-37. Leslie in Fife— 38.

The AVau of Indei-endknce. —Contest for the Crown— Edward I. of England— 38. King Edward's
Claim of Overlordship— Selection of John Baliol— The Bruce— Bishop Cheyne— Submissions to
Edward I.— 39. Edward I. in Aberdeenshire— Chief Northern Highway— 40. "Wallace at
Fetternear— Tactics of Edward I.— Bruce and Earl of Badenoch— Donald and Gartney, Earls of
Mar— Marriages— 41. Andrew of Moray— Kildrummie Castle— Baliol Faction — 42. " Mak
Siccar" — Sir Thomas de LonguevUle — Companions of Bruce — His Coronation— 43. Loss of
Battle and Destitution— Flight by Aberdeen and Deeside to the West— 44. Kildrummie taken
by the English— Captivity and Suffering of the Royal Household— Successes— 45.

The Battle of Invekukie.— John Barbour — The King's Recovered Fortunes— Sick at Inverurie—
Carried to Strathbogie — 46. Cuinyn, Earl of Buehan — AVinter Encampment at Ardtannies — Yule
of 1308—47. " Bruce's Cave " — " Bruce's Camp " — " Bruce's Howe " — Companions in Camp
— Thomas, Vicar of Inverurie— Attack on Inverurie by Sir David of Brechin— 48. The King
Aroused — Pursuit and Onslaught at Barra — Subjugation of Buehan and the North — 49. Local
Individuals of the Period — 50. Memorials of the Battle of Inverurie— Cumyn's Camp— 51.
Old Meldrum in 1308-52.



FROM THE BATTLE OF INVERURIE TO THE BATTLE OF HARLAW.

The Regality of the Garioch — 53. Its Establishment, Alienation, and Seizure — The Lords of the
Garioch— 54. Ancient Earls of Mar, Domnhall in 1014 to Donald in 1332—55. Elyne of
Mar— Lords of the Garioch, Earls of Mar — Lines of Mar and of Erskine — 56. Christian, first
Lady of the Garioch — Thomas, Lord of the Garioch — Margaret, Lady of the Garioch— 57.
James, Lord of the Garioch— Isobel, Lady of the Garioch— Alexander Stewart, Earl of Mar and
of the Garioch — Bargain with the Crown— 58. Usurpation by the Crown against Sir Robert
Erskine— 'William St. Clair, Earl of Orkney, Lord of the Garioch — Lords nominated from
the Royal Family- The Erskiues, Heirs of the Earldom of Mar and Lordship of the Garioch—
Right of Lord Erskine acknowledged by Queen Mary — 59.

Lands akd Families in the Gakioch before the Battle of Harlaw. — Leslie Lands— Schyres of
Rayneand Daviot— Ardlar— Ledingham and MeUiuside-Caskieben— Norman, Constable— Con-
glass- Balhaggardy— 60. Rothmaise, Lentush, MiU of Eayne, Crossflat, Adam of Rayne to
Henry St. Michael— Newton— Tlirecpland—Bonnytown—Tillymorgan—Williamston—Wrang-
ham— OjTic, Thomas Menzies to Archibald Weschell— Hays of Errol- Constable of Scotland-
Castle of Slains- Cordyce, Sir James Garioch— Drum, WUliam Irvine— 61. Hall-forest, Sir
Robert Keith, Marischal of Scotland— Family of Hill of Kintore— Thanage of Kintore— The Earl
of Sutherland-John Dunbar, Eari of Moray— Thainston and FouUertouu— Glasgoforest, Robert
Glen— Balnacraig, Randolf, Earl of Murray to Robert Chalmers of Kintore-62. Caskieben,
Norman to Stephen the Clerk— Kinbroun and Badechash— Glack, Pilmar to Glaster— Sir Andrew
Jlurray of Bothwell— Meikle Wardes— Conglass, Balhaggardy, Boynds, Inveramsay, Drum-
dumoch, Pitskurry, Pitbee, Pittodiie, Newlands, Andrew Buttergask to Sir Robert Erskine— 63.
Bonrtie, Goblanch the Smith, to WUliam of Meldrum— Charters— John of Abernethie
to Barcky of Kerkow-The Barclays of Tolly and Gartly-64. Kemnay, Sir Norman Leslie to



Contents.



Andrew Melville— Pitfichie and Balnerosk, Henry of Monymusk to David Chalmers. The
Abercrombys— Harthill, Ardoyne, Roger Haye to Alexander de Abercromby— Jolin of Ports-
town — Aquliorties, Auquhorsk, and Blairdaff, Leslie to Abercromby — 65. First Leslie of
Balqnhain, Syde, and Braco — Leiths of Ediugarroch, Eothney, Harebogs and Blackbogs,
Urumrossie, William Leith— Kirklauds of Little Badechash— Mill of Folletlirule-Foleth-
blackwater— Meiklefolla— Adam Pyngle— Lethinty, Robert Bunrard to Forbes of Pitsligo—
Meldrum, Philip de Melgdrum to William Seton— 66. Fj-vie, Reginald Le Chene to Meldrum
—Forbes of Tolquhon— Fyvie Castle— Preston and Meldrum Towers— Bisset of Lessendrum—
Strachan of Glenkindy— 67.

HIST0EIC.4L Events.— Leading Individuals— 67. King Robert I— Bishop Cheyiie— Sir Robert Keith
—Sir James de Garviach— Christian Bruce- Sir Andrew Murray of Bothwell— 68. Donald, 12th
Earl of Mar— His Fortunes— Invasion by Edward Baliol— Battle of Dupplin-69. The English
Party— Siege of Kildrunmiie— Battle of Kilblene— 70. Relief of Kildrummie— Siege of Dun-
darg— Foundation of the Chapel of the Blessed Virgin of the Garioch— Famine and Pestilence-
Local Lairds and Priests — 71. David II.— Captivity and Hostages — Public Men — Provost
William Leith— John Leith— The Bell " Lourie "— 72. Norman de Leslie— League with
France— Sir Robert Erskine, Chamberlain of Scotland— 73. " Lang Jonnie More "—Laurence
Preston— William Earl of Douglas— Thomas Earl of Jlar, Lord of the Gaiiocli, Chamberlain of
Scotland — His Charters— Courtestoun, and Fleming Law — His English connection— 74. His
Journeys— Cameron of Brux — Stephen the Clerk, " Secretar to the Earl of Mar "—75.
Margaret, Lady of the Garioch, and William Earl of Douglas — Troubles of King David's Reign
—Sir Robert Erskine, Arbiter of the Throne— Sir John Swinton — 76. James of Douglas —
Battle of Otterburn — Priest Lundy — Hotspur — Ransom of Ralph Percy— Robert de Keith — 77.
The "Fecht at Bourtie" — Sir Henry Preston of Fyvie — Isobel, Lady of the Garioch — Sir
Malcolm Drumniond — Alexander Stewart — 78.

Ecclesiastical Events. —AVild Manners of the Clergj' — William de Dejm— 78. Endowments of tho
Garioch Churches in 1366 — 79. Endowment of the Six Chaplainries of the Chapel of Garioch
— 80. Archdeacon John Barbour, Parson of Rayne— 81.

Chai'Teii III.
THE BATTLE OF HAELAW A^TD ITS TIMES.

State OF Society.— Misrule of Regent Albany— Social Crimes— Marriages of Ladies of Rank— The
Ladies of the Garioch — S3. Contracts for Mutual Defence— Chivalry— Tournaments— Alexander
Stewart, Earl of Mar- 84. C'ateran Violence— Burning of Elgin — Battle of Glasclune — Duel
on the Inch of Pertli-85.

The Eakl of Mak. — His Popularity in Aberdeen — Robert Davidson — William Chalmers — 85. Seizure
of Kildrummie Castle and Marriage of Isabel Countess of Mar — Sanctioned under Bargain by
the Crown— Naval Exploits— 86. Expedition to France— Style in Paris— Siege of Liege —
Creation of Knights — Sir Alexander Keith, Sir John Menzies, Sir Alexander Irrine — Marriage
with the Lady of Duffle in Brabant — Importation of Flemish Horses— Christmas 1410 at Kil-
drnmmie — Bishop Greenlaw — Henry de Lichton — 87.

The Battle of Harlaw. — Albany's Wrong to Donald Lord of the Isles— Donald's Appeal to Arms —
His Progress towards Aberdeen— The Fjirl of Mar scut ag.ainst Him— 88. The Royal
Forces — Aberdeen Burgesses — Force from Angus and Mearns — Rendezvous at Inverurie — Royal
Vassals— Earldom Vassals— 89. Church Vassals— Inverurie Burgesses— The Marischal's Re-
tainers — Kemnay— 90. Bisset of Lessendrum — Lord Gordon — Formartine Vassals— The
Forbeses of Drumminnor, Brux, Pitsligo, and Tohiuhon — Donald's Ofticers — Maclean of Duart —



The Chief of Mackiatosh —Cameron of Lochiel— Scene of the Battle— 91. Mar's Lines of
March upon Harlaw— 92. The Struggle— Losses— Following up the Victory— The Hebrides-
Lowland Supremacy Secured— Tombstone of Gilbert Greenlaw— 93. Traditions of the Battle^
The Drum Stane— Rose of Kilravock— Provost Robert Davidson— Sir Alexander Keith— 94.
AVilliani Tullidaff of That Ilk— The Pleyfauld— The Ballad— 95. Sir James the Rose and Sir
John the Graeme-Northern Ballads— 98.



Chapteu IV.
THE GARIOCH FROM THE BATTLE OF HARLAW TO THE REFORMATION.

Rise of New Families.— Hereditary Sheriff— 99. Branches of Balquhaiu Family— Kincraigie,
Wardes, New Leslie, Pitcaple — Progress of Estates— Johnston of That Ilk and Caskieben
— Glack, Glaster to Elphinstone— 100. Setons of Meldrum, Blair, Barra, Bourtie, and
Pitmedden — Leith of Barues — Forbeses of Pitsligo, Kinaldy, and Lethinty — Reddendum for
Lethinty— Westhall— Mehil, Ramsay, Bishop Ingeram — Auchleven, Ogilvy to Leith— 101.
Reddendum for Auchleven — Ardoyne — Harlaw — Sir John Wemys — Duncauston and Glander-
ston— Lord Elphinstone — Kemnay — Melville, Auchinleck, Douglas — Little Warthill — Glaster,
Gordon, Cruickshank of Tillymorgan— Braco — Drimmies, Glascha, Wood of Drumcoutane —
Patrick Gordon of Methlic, ancestor of the Earls of Aberdeen^-Blakhall of That Ilk — Coroner
and Forester of the Garioch— Barra— 102. Blakhall of Barra — King of Barra Genealogy-
Thornton, Strachan of— 103. Lindores Estates — Badifurrow, Balbithan, Hedderwick, Crag-
forthie— Monymusk, Forbes— Fetternear, Earl of Huntly— Temple Lauds— Rothienorman—
Cushnie— Pitblaine, Thomson— Rothmaise and Lentush, Tullidaff- TuUidaff's Cairn- Close
of the Original Family of Leslie— lOi. Beginning of Leslies of Leslie— Social Position of Garioch
Lairds— Fortified Houses— The Erskiue Claims— Social Condition— 105. Comparative Wealth
of Scottish Nobles circa 1400—106.
State of Society. — Europe Distracted — Albany's Government — 106. Scotland and France — Con-
stalile Buchan— The Maid of Orleans— Rival Popes — Morals in Scotland — Insecurity of Life and
Property— Bastardy— The Wolf of Badenoch— Sir Andrew Leslie of Balquhain- Fortress of
Benachie— 107. Close of the Earl of Mar's History—" Young Waters "—108. King James at
Christ's Kirk— 109.
Local Government-109. New Lords of the Garioch— William St. Clair, Chamberlain of Scot-
land, ancestor of the Lords Sinclair and the Earls of Caithness— The Queen of James II.— John,
his son— Robert Cochrane— Alexander Duke of Albany, Earl of Mar and the Garioch— 110.
John Earl of Mar and the Garioch, .son of James III.— Alienation of Lands of Mar and Garioch
—Lord Elpliinstone— Thanage of Kintore and RegaUty Lands conveyed by James IV. to John
Leslie of Wardes— 111. Flodden Victims-St. Serve of Monkegy— 112.
The Seton Gordon, ancestor of the Dukes of Gordon- Lord Gordon-First Earl of Huntly-" Jock
and Tarn Gordons "— " Bow o' Meal " Gordons— 112. Family Alliances— Erskine and Forbes-
Origin of the Opposing Factions of the Gordons and Forbeses— 113.
The Buugh of Invehukie. -Southern and Northern Hanses— Laws of the Four Burghs-113. Con-
dition of Inverurie circa 1400— Neighbours— 114. Appearance of the Place— Residents—
Occupations-115. Offences and Penalties-116. Merchants co«<m Tradesmen— 117. Quali-
hcations of a Burgess-Provision for Children-Combinations and Strikes -Size of Burgh
I roperties-Walter YdiU, Vicar of Inverurie-118. Burgh Properties, 1464-76-119. Baillie,
Town and Pansh Clerk, and Sergeant-1 466 and 1 476-120. Weddings among Neighbouring
Lairds-Murdocb Glaster, aud Jauet Lichton— John de Johnston of Caskieben and Marjory



Lioliton, Gilbert de Johnston, and Elene Licliton — Bishop Lichton— Jolmston of Caskieben,
1428-1547—121. A Tocher in 1481— The Blakhalls, 1398-1491— Burning of tlie House of
Ardendraught — Kiotersin 1492— Parishioners ofKinkell in 1473 — Decreet of Stipend — William
Auchinleck, Parson — 122. Magistrates and Burgh Lairds of Kintore in 1498 — Piices in 1479
—123.

Sentiment^ Violence and Pious Services — 123. Pilgrimages— 124.

Local Clergy. — Vicars of Inverurie— Walter Ydill, William Scrogy, Eobert Howieson, George
Anderson, Andrew Bisset, Gilbert Cranstoun, 124. Parsons of Kiukell — Henry Lichton,
William Auchinleck, Adam of Gordon, James Ogilvie, Alexander Galloway, Henry and Thomas
Lumsden. Garioch Vicars — Kinkell, ccclcsia pkbania, and its Chaplainries of Kintore,
Kemnay, Skene, Kinnellar, Drumblade, and Dyce — Bishop Lichton's Buildings in the
Cathedral — 125. Parsons of Rayne, Archdeacons — Vicars of Bethelnie, Chancellors — Parsons of
Daviot, Treasurers— Monymusk Priory — Constitution, Rental, Priors, and Denes— 126. Vicars
of Monymusk — 127. Vicar of Kemnay — Kemnay House — Douglas of Kemnay — Collihill
Chaplainry Glebe — 128. Masses in the Chapel of the Blessed Virgin of the Garioch — Neigh-
bouring Priests— Bishops Tenants at Fetternear, in 1511 — 129. Tenant Right— 130.

Learning. — Foundation of the Universities of St. Andrews, Glasgow, and Aberdeen — Bishop Elpin-
stone and his College — 130. Aberdeenshire Families circa 1512 — Defects in the University — 131.
Bridge of Dee — Bishop Gavin Dunbar — Alexander Galloway, Parson of KinkeU — 132. Kirk of
Kinkell — 133. Philosophy and Art, circa 1500 — 134. Voyage to the Western Isles by the
Principal of King's College and the Parson of Kinkell — " On the Hebridean Isles and the Goose
bearing Trees " — 135. Works executed by Alexander Galloway — Cathedi'al Chartulary — Robbery
of Cathedral Jewels by Forbes of Corsindae — 136.

Life among the Bauons.— Feudal Power in Scotland- The Court of Session- Raid upon Aberdeen—
137. State of the Town — Castle of Balquhaiu Burned by the Forbeses— Difficult Reconciliation
— First Leslies of Wardes— Flodden and Pinkie— 133. The Douglases of Kemnay— Inter-
marriages— Slaughter of Seton of Meldrum by the Master of Forbes and his Followers— 139.
Estates of Lord Forbes, in 1552 — First Laird and Lady of Warthill— 140. JIanslauglter -Setons
of Mounie — Subdivision of farms before 1552 — Rental in money and kind with Grassums— 141.

Parochial M.atters in the Garioch.— Bisliops' Court at Rayne — 141. Quarrel at Insch — Election
of Parish Clerk of Inverurie— Inverurie Parishioners in 1536 — 142. James Kyd, Vicar Pen-
sioner — 143. Election of Parish Clerk of Daviot— Daviot Parishioners in 1550—144.

Eve of the Reformation. — Alienation of Church Property to Powerful Laymen — Commendators of
Deer and Lindores — 144. Fetternear Conveyed to William Leslie of Balquhain— State of
Preaching — Lives of the Clergy— Attempted Reformation — Rioters from the South — 145. Queen
Mary at Balquhain Castle— The Earl of Huntly's Designs— Battle of Corrichie— 146. Last
Days of the Chapel of the Blessed Virgin of the Garioch— The Chaplainries of Warthill, Pit-
gaveny, Collihill, and Kirkinglass erected into an Hospital of Balhaggardy— United Parish of
Logiedurno and Fetternear— 147. The Last of the Priests— Dr John Leslie, Parson of Oyiie,
Bishop of Ross, and Mary Queen of Scots— 148. The Black Acts— 149.



THE REFORMED KIKK AND KING JAMES'S EPISCOPACY.

Royal Charter op Novodamus to Inverurie.— Burgh Officials and Duties in 1580—150. Prices-
Manners among the Lairds-Feuds and Slaughter— 151. Demoncraft— 152.
The Beginning of the Refou.med Kiuk.— Paucity of Ministers in 1570—152. Garioch Parishes-



xiv Co7itenf..s'.



Superintendents— Patronage — Presbyteries of Inverurie and Mar— 153. Readers, Exhorters, and
Ministers— 15i. Professor Johnston- 155. New Parish of Chapel of Garioch— Hospital of
Balhaggardy — Papists — Jesuit Priests in 15S8— Nominal Bisliops— Succession of Church
Governraeuts — 156.

KiKG James's Kirk.s. — Vicarages of Lindores made Rectories— Lordship of Lindores— 156. The
Abbey Possessions in the Garioch — Stipends secured to the New Rectories— 157. History of
Stipends, 1560-1649— Institution at Inverurie— at Leslie— 159 ; at Premnay — at Bourtie — Mr.
James Mill, Rector of Inverurie — 160. Neighbouring Slinisters — Shakespeare at Aberdeen —
Bi.shop Blackburn — Bishop Alexander Forbes — 162. Bishop Patrick Forbes — Bishop Adam
Belleuden— 163.

State of Education. — Marischal College — The Franciscan Monastery, Aberdeen — Lord Altric —



Online LibraryJohn DavidsonInverurie and the earldom of the Garioch; a topographical and historical account of the Garioch from the earliest times to the revolution settlement, with a genealogical appendix of Garioch families flourishing at the period of the revolution settlement and still represented → online text (page 1 of 82)