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Cyclopedia of music and musicians (Volume 2) online

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MID-MANHATTAN LIBRARY MM

REFERENCE

Wot to b taken from the room.



NY PUBLIC LIBRARY . .THE BRANCH I L BRARIES



3 333302313 2489



V



THIS BOOK IS FOR RSFESENCB
USE GHLY AilD MAY HOT
F&OM .THS



CYCLOPEDIA OF

Music AND MUSICIANS



VOLUME II
EASTER- MYSTERES



CYCLOPEDIA OF

X i



Music AND MUSICIANS/



EDITED BY



JOHN DENISON CHAMPLIN, JR.

r*



CRITICAL EDITOR

WILLIAM FOSTER APTHORP



WITH MORE THAN ONE THOUSAND ILLUSTRATIONS



VOLUME II



NEW YORK
CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS

M DCCC LXXX \K



NEW TORE
PUBLIC LIBRARY



TOR, LENOX AND
TILDEN FOUNDATIONS

1916 L



Copyright,



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS



FULL-PAGE PORTRAITS



To Face
Page

1. CHARLEE GOUNOD

From a photograph by Nadar, Fein's, 48

2. GEORGE FRIDER1C HANDEL

From //'[ engraving by W '. Bromley, after tbe painting bv Hudson, . , 96

3.

From the engraving by Sicbling, after tbe painting by Rosier, . 144



4-

From tbe engraving by lobann Sadeler (1652),



5.

From a contemporary sketch by Renouard, ... . . 240



6- JEAN BAPTISTE LULLY TOP

Page

From the engraving by Jean Louis Ron/let, alter the fainting by I'anl Migihird, 288



7- HELIX .MENDELSSOHN-BARTHOLDY

From tbe engraving />r G. SeiJel , 1852 ......

8. GIACOAU) MEYERBEER

Fnn tbe litbograftb by Cb.



9- \\'( >LFGANG AMADEUS M( )/ART

From tbe engraving by Sicbting, after Ibe jointing by Tiscbbcin, . . 43

10. lolIN KNOWLES PAINE

/Vow a />/><>/<).,</.//>/> by Balt^ly, Cambridge, Mass ....... 4 8

11. GIOVANNI PIERLUIGI DA PALESTRINA

From tbe engraving bv Boettcber, after tbe fort i ait in Ibe l-'atiean. . 52



i-. HENRY PURCELL

.'/."// //>, engraving by Zobel, after tbe painting by Closlennan, . . <=,j6



PORTRAITS OF MUSICIANS.



DRAWN BY VAI/fiKIEN GRIBAY^DOFF.



1. Eberlin, Daniel 2

2. Eckert, Karl 4

3. Eddy, Clarence 5

4. Eichberg, Julius 8

5. Elvey, Sir George Job 15

G. Erust, Heiuricb Wilhelm 25

7. Fasch, Karl Friedi'icb Christian. . . 43

8. Faure, Jean Baptiste 45

9. Fesca, Friedrich Ernst 57

10. Ft-tis, Francois Joseph 59

11. Field, John 63

12. Fiorillo, Federigo 70

13. Floersheim, Otto 76

14. Flotow, Friedrich von 78

15. Foggia, Francesco 80

1C. Foster, Stephen Collins 85

17. Frederick the Great %

18. Frost, Charles Joseph 103

10. Gade, Niels 109

20. Gadsby, Henry Robert Ill

21. Garrett, George Mursell 121

22. Gaul, Alfred 125

23. Gemiuiani, Francesco 132

24 Gerber, Ernst Ludwig 134

25. Gericke, Wilhelm 135

26. Gernsheim, Friedrich 137

27. Gibbons, Christopher 143

28. Gibbons, Orlando 144

29. Gilbert, Thomas Bennett 146

30. Gilbert, Walter Bond 146

31. Gilchrist, William Wallace . ..... 146

32. Giovanelli, Ruggiero 150

33. Gladstone, Francis Edward 154



34. Gleasou, Frederic Grant 155

35. Glinka, Michail Ivauovitch 156

36. Glover, John William 157

37. Gluck, Christoph Willibald von. . . 158

38. Goes, Damiao de 1G4

39. Goetz, Hermann 164

40. Goldbeck, Robert 165

41. Goldmark, Karl 167

42. Goldschmidt, Otto 167

43. Gomez, Antonio Carlos 169

44. Gossec, Francois Joseph 172

45. Gottschalk, Louis Moreau 176

46. Gounod, Charles, in 1840 178

47. Gounod, Charles, in 1886 178

48. Graben-Huffmaun, Gustav 180

49. Gradeuer, Karl 181

50. Grammann, Carl 183

51. Graun, Karl Heiurich 186

52. Grotry, Andiv 192

53. Grieg, Edvard 194

54. Grisar, Albert 196

55. Grunfeld, Alfred 201

56. Grtttzmacber, Friedrich 201

57. Guignon, Jean Pierre 205

58. Gumbert, Ferdinand 208

59. Gumpeltzhaimer, Adam 208

60. Guug'l, Joseph 209

61. Habeneck, Franyois Autoine 211

62. Halevy, Fromeutal 215

63. Halle, Charles

64. Hainerik, Asger 218

65. Hammerschmidt, Andreas 220

66. Handel, George Frideric 221

67. Hartmauu, Emil 232



vil



PORTRAITS OF M I >'/< 7. 1 .V.V



68. Hartmann, Emil, elder 232 113.

69. Hartmann, Ludwig 233 114.

70. Hasse, Johaim Adolph 234 1 115.

71. Hassler, Hans Leo 236 116.

72. Hassler, Johann Wilhelm 237 117.

7:!. Hattou, John Liphot 237 US.

74. Hanptmann, Moritz 238 119.

75. Hauscr. Miska 240 120.

76. Hawes, William 241 121.

77. Haydn, Josef 241 122.

78. Haydu, Michael 247

79. Heap, Charles Swimierton 248 123.

80. Heller, Stephen 252 124.

81. Hellmesberger. Joseph 253 j 125.

82. Heuschel, Georg 25C 1 2(!.

83. Henselt, Adolf von 257 127.

84. Herbeck, Johann Franz TOD 25'.i 12S.

S5. Merman. Reiuhold Ludwig 260 129.

86. Herold, Louis 2(12 130.

87. Herve 2C5 131.

88. Herz, Henri 2CC L32.

89. Heymaun, Karl 269 1 - .

90. Hiles, Ibnry 270 134.

91. Hiller. Ferdinand 27o 135.

92. Hiller, Johann Adam 27:1 i:n;.

9:1. Hilton, John 274 137.

94. Himmel, Friedrich Heinrich 274 13S.

95. Hoffmann, Ei-nst 277 L39.

96. Hoffman, Richard 27!) 1 10.

97. Hofmann, Heinrich 2MI 111.

98. Holder, Joseph William 282 142.

99. Holmes, Henry 2s;; 1 :',.

100. Holstein, Fran/, von 2S4 144.

101. Homilius, Gottfried August 2*6 1 I ">.

102. Hook. James 287 146.

103. Hopkins, Jerome 2NS 117.

104. Hopkins, Edward John 28S IK

105. Horueman, Emil Cliristian 2!H)

106. Morsley, William 291 1 til.

107. Hummel, Johann Nepomuk 29S 150.

108. Hyllested. August 303 151.

152.

109. Iliffe. Frederick 306 153.

110. Isouard, Nicolo 316 151.

155.

111. Jadassohn, Salomon 321 15C.

112. Jaell, Alfred .".22 157.



Jakabowski, Eduard

Jeep, Joliann

Jekyll, Charles Sherwood

Jensen, Adolf

Joachim, Joseph

Jomnielli, Niccolo

Jonrieres, Victorin de

Joseffy, Rafael

Joze, Thomas Richard Gonzalve/.
Julien, Louis Autoine



Kalkbrenner, Friedrich.
Kalliwoda, Johann Wen/el.
Kerl, Johaun Kaspar von. . .

Kes, Willem

Kiel, Friedrich

KiiiU', Oliver

Kirclmer, Theodor

Kirnberger, Johann Philijip

Kjerulf, Halt'dan

Klein, Bruno Oscar

Klnghardt, August

Iv'hler, Louis

Koiitski, Autoine de

Korbay, Francis Al< -xander.

Krause, Anton

Ki t lis. Karl August. .



Ivretschmer, Edmund

Kreutzer, Konradin

Kreutzer, Rodolphe

Krieu'er, Adam

Kromnn-r, Franz

Kiickeu, Friedrich Wilhelm.

Kulio, Wilhelm

Kuhlau. Fi-iedrich

Kullak, Theodor

Kummer, Friedrich August .

Labitzky, Joseph

Lachner, Franz

Lahee, Henry

Lalande, Michel Richard de.

Lalo, iSdouard

Lalouette, Jean Francois. . . .
Lampe, Johann Friedrich. . .
Lang, Benjamin Johnson. . . .
Lauiere, Nicholas



PAQE

324
329
330
330
334
336
339
339
342
345

349
350
361
362
364
367
369
370
371
374
378
381
385
386
391
392
393
395
396
397
399
401
402
402
405
405

411
411
416
417
417
417
419
420
422



PORTRAITS OF MUSICIANS



158.
159.
160.
161.
162.
163.
164.
165.

166.
167.
168.
169.
170.
171.
172.
173.
174.
175.
176.
177.
178.
179.
180.
181.
182.
183.
184.
185.
186.
187.
188.



Lanuer, Joseph

Lasseii, Eduard

Lasso, Orlando

Lavallee, Calixa

Lawes, Henry

Leclair, Jean Marie

Lecocq, Charles

Lefebure-Wfly, Louis James Al-
fred "

Lejeuue, Claude

Leo, Leonardo

Leschetitzky, Theodor

Leslie, Henry

Lesueur, Jean Francois

Leveridge, Kichard

Liebling, Emil

Lindpaintner, Peter von

Lipiuski, Karl Joseph

Liszt, Franz, in 1844

Liszt, Franz, in 1886

Litolff, Henry

Lobe, Johann Christian

Lock, Matthew

Loder, Edward James

Loewe, Karl

Logier, Johanu Bernhard

Longhurst, William Henry

Lortziug, Albert

Lully, Jean Baptiste

Lumbye, Hans Christian

Luther, Martin

Lvoff, Alexis



PAftE

423


198.


4-25


199.


426


200.


434


201.


434


202.


437


203.


438


204.




205.


440


206.


444


207.



447 | 208.
450 I 209.
450 | 210.
451



454



211.



458 ' 212.
403 213.

466 214.

467 215.
46S 216.
470 217.
472 2 IS.
474 219.
474 I 220.

476 I 221.

477 , 222.
481

4S4 223.
, 224.
495'



189. Maas, Louis

190. Maccunn, Hamish

191. Macfarreu, Sir George Alexan-

der

192. Macirone, Clara Angela

193. Mackenzie, Alexander Campbell. .

194. Maclean, Charles Donald

195. Marcello, Benedetto

196. Marchand, Louis

197. Marchetti, Filippo



498



498

500



501



514
515
517



225.
226.
227.
228.
229.
230.
231.
232.
233.



234.



PAGE

Maretzek, Max 518

MarsrlmiT, Heinrich 524

Martini, Giovanni Battista 528

Marx, Adolph Bernhard 530

Marzials, Theophilus 531

Mason, Lowell 532

Masse, Victor 534

Massenet, Jules 534

Mattheson, Johann 539

Mayer, Charles 540

Mehul, Etienne Nicolas 547

Meinardus, Ludwig 549

Meudelssohn-Bartholdy, Felix, in

1821 ". 552

Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Felix . . . 553

Mercadante, Saverio 560

Merkel, Gustav 562

Mermet, Auguste 563

Methfessel, Albert Gottlieb 568

Mctra, Olivier 568

Meyerbeer, Giacoino 569

Miller, Edward 573

Millocker, Karl 574

Mills, Sebastian Bach 575

Molleuhauer, Edward 580

Mondonville, Jean Joseph Cas-

sanea de 580

Monk, Edwin George 581

Mousiguy, Pierre Alexandra 583

Monte, Philippe de 584

Morales, Cristofauo 586

Morgan, George Washbourn .... 587

M< isclieles, Ignaz 590

Mosel, Ignaz Franz von 593

Moszkowski, Moritz 594

Mottl, Felix 594

Mozart, Leopold 596

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, in

boyhood 596

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, in

1789 598

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, in

1790 . . 598



PORTRAITS OF SINGERS, AUTOGRAPHS, FACSIMILES,

ETC.



1. Autograph of Ludwig Ehlert, 1864

2. Persiani, as Adina

3. Portrait of Minna Peschka-Leut-

ner

4. Autograph of Heiurich Wilhelm

Ernst, 1843

5. Caroline Duprez, as Catherine ....

6. Battaille, as Pierre

7. Portrait of Hem-ietta Son tag

8. Portrait of Caffarelli

9. Autograph of Joliauu Friedrich

Fasch, 1713

10. Autograph of Jean Baptiste

Faure

11. Miolau-Carvalho, as Marguerite. . .

12. Rosine Stolz, as Leonore

13. Portrait of Jenny Lind

14. Portrait of Alexandrine Branchu . .

15. Autograph of Francois Joseph Fc-

tis, 1853

16. Portrait of Schroder-Devrient ....

17. Autograph of John Field, 1815 . . .

18. Max Stiigemann, as Dor Fliegeude

Hollander

19. Autograph of Friedrich von Flotow

20. Autograph of Johann Nicolaus For-

kel, 1804

21. Charles Santley, as Fra Diavolo. . .

22. Autograph of Melchior Franck,

1638

23. Facsimile of the MS. of Robert

Franz

24. Autograph of Robert Franz

25. Portrait of Therese Malten. .



26. Autograph of Girolamo Fresco-

13 baldi, 1608 99

27. Autograph of Johanu Jacob Fro-

19 I berger, 1656 102

28. Autograph of Johanu Joseph Fux,

25 1728 107

29 29. Autograph of Niels Gade 110

30 ; 30. Portrait of Violante Camporese ... 128
32 31. Autograph of Ernst Ludwig Ger-

41 ber, 1808 135

32. Autograph of Francois Auguste

43 Gevaert, 1877 139

33. Portrait of Senesino 153

45 34. Portrait of Marietta Brambilla 153

46 35. Autograph of Michail Ivauovitch

48 Glinka, 1845 150

51 36. Facsimile of Gluck's MS. : begin-

53 uing of the Overture to Alceste . 159

37. Autograph of Christoph Willibald

60 von Gluck, 1769 160

62 38. Autograph of Hermann Goetz,

64 1868 165

39. Autograph of Francois Joseph Gos-

75 sec, 1793 173

79 40. Materna, as Briiunhilde 174

41. Autograph of Charles Gounod,

83 1860 179

87 42. Autograph of Eduard Grell, 1884. 191

43. Autograph of Andre Ore-try 194

89 44. Autograph of Edvard Grieg, 1886 . 195

45. Portrait of Anastasia Robinson. . . . 197

93 46. Duprez, as Arnold 206

93 47. Autograph of Fromental Halevy. . 216
97 48. Faure, as Hamlet 219

xi



PORTRAITS OF



M'Tin; 1! APIIS, ETC.



PAGE

49. Nilssou, as Ophelie 21'J

50. Autograph of Andreas Haiumer-

schmidt, 1675 221

51. Facsimile of Handel's MS. : first

page of The Messiah 222

52. Birthplace of Handel 22:',

53. Handel's Harpsichord, South Ken-

sington Museum 22 1

54. Death-Mask of Handel 224

55. Handel Statue at Halle 225

50. Handbook-Plate, Commemoration,

1784 22ii

57. Autograph of Handd. 17:10 2 27

58. Autograph of Handel, 17.V.I, after

his blindness 227

59. Portrait of Eugen Gura 22s

GO. Autograph of Johaim Adolph

Hasse, 1757 236

61. Autograph of Hans Leo Hasslcr.

1C05 2:',i;

<>_'. Autograph of Jacob Has>l( r. li'.o'.l. l':;7
(111. Autograph of Moritz Hauptinanii,

L842 2:::'

64. Facsimile of Haydn's MS. : from
Divertimenti for String Instru-
ments 212

(;.">. Silhouette of Haydn 21::

66. I'.irthplact- of Haydn 21:!

(17. Haydn's Tomb. . '. 244

IIS. Autograph of .Inset' Haydn 246

69. Autograph of David Heinichen,

1710 2.-.H

70. Autograph of Stephen Heller,

1880 2.->::

71. Autograph of Adolf von Heuse.lt,

I vvj 258

72. Portrait of Adelaide Borgbi-Mamo. 250

73. AutM L .,-;,],l, df L.mis Hcn.ld, 1814. 2G4

71. Autograph of Herve 2GO

75. Autograph of Ferdinand Hiller,

1863 273

7<!. Autograph of Johann Adam Hiller,

1775 274

77. Autograph of Ernst Hoffmann,

1816 278

78. Autograph of Franz von Holstein,

1872.. 284



70. Autograph of Gottfried August
Honiilius, 1755 ...............

SO. Portrait of Giuseppe Mario ......

81. Autograph of Johaim Nepomuk

Hummel, 1826 ...............

82. Portrait of Sophie Arnould ......

83. Portrait of Rosalie Levasseur ....

84. Autograph of Heinrich Isaak,

1497 .......................

S.">. Autograph of Nicolo Isouard,

1807 ......................

86. Ellevion, as Jean do Paris .......

s7. Autograph of Adolf Jensen ......

88. Portrait of Matbilde Mallinger. ..
S9. Autograph of Niccolo Jommelli,

1752 .......................

'.HI. Falcon, as Rachel ..............

HI. Autograph of Friedrich Kalkbivn-

ner, 1828 ...................

'.'2 Autograph of Friedrich Kid,

1880 .......................

'.Cl. Autograph of Thcodor Kirdmer,



286
295

299
311
312

314

317
329
331
332

338
344

349
364
369



94. Autograph of Johann 1'hilipp

Kirnberger, 17SO ............ :l~n

95. Autograph of Kouradin Kivut/er.

1819 ....................... :i'.i:>

96. Autograph of Johann Philipp

Krieger, 1677 ............... 398

97. Autograph of Franz Lachuer,

1864 ....................... 412

98. L'Allemand, as Lakme .......... 416

9H. Autograph of Eduard Lassi n,

1S71 ........................ 425

100. Autograph of Orlando Las>o.

1573 ....................... 430

101. Autograph of Giovanni Legrenzi,

1665 ....................... 443

102. Autograph of Leonardo Leo,

1741 ....................... 448

!(>::. Autograph of Jean Frauyois Le-

sueur, 1828 ................. 453

104. Portrait of Annie Louise Gary ... 4(il

105. Autograph of Peter von Lind-

paintner, 1836 .............. 464

106. Facsimile of Liszt's MS. : from

Christus. . . 469



:.



PORTRAITS OF SINGERS, AUTOGRAPHS, ETC.



107. Autograph of Franz Liszt, 1830. .

108. Portrait of Anna Maria Crouch . .

1 09. Autograph of Karl Loewe, 1829. .

110. Autograph of Johami Bernhard

Logier, 1S20

111. Euril Goetz, as Lohengrin

112. Albani, as Elsa

11!!. Autograph of Albert Lortzing,

1850

114. Autograph of Antonio Lotti,

1739

115. Portrait of Dolores Nau

11G. Portrait of Therese Tietjens

1 1 7. Portrait of Anna de Lag-range . . .

118. Autograph of Jean Buptiste

Lully, 1072

11'.). Autograph of Alexis LvotT, ls.">7 .

120. Portrait of Marianne Brandt

121. Autograph of Benedetto Mareello,

1711

122. Autograph of Friedrich Wilhelni

Marpurg, 1757

123. Autograph of Heiurieh Marsrh-

ner

124. Portrait of Marzella Sembiirh. . .

125. Autograph of Giovanni Battista

Martini, 17G5

12G. Autograph of Jules Massenet ....

127. Portrait of Jean Elaine Martin . . .

12S. Portrait of Maria Felicita Mali-
bran

129. Autograph of Stanislao Mattel,

1817

130. Pasta, as Medea

131. Portrait of Alwina Valleria

132. Autograph of Etieune Nicolas

MOhul, 1800



PAGE

470


133.


475


477


134.




135.


477


130.


478




479






137.


484


138.


487


139.


490


140.


491


141.


492






142.


494


143.


498





Autograph of Jakob Meiland,

1570 548

Emil Fischer, as Hans Sachs .... 550

Mendelssohn's Birthplace 553

Facsimile of Mendelssohn's MS. :
Wer hat dich, du schouer

\Vald 55G

Autograph of Mendelssohn 558

Autograph of Saverio Merca-

dante, 1838 5G1

Portrait of Clara Novello 500

Portrait of Sims Reeves 500

Autograph of Giacomo Meyer-
beer, 1820 571

Sigrid Arnoldson, as Mignon .... 572
Autograph of Wilhelm Bernhard

Molique, 1831 579

507 144. Autograph of Pierre Alexandre

Mousigny, 1795 583

145. Autograph of Claudio Monte-

verde, 1017 585

14G. Autograph of Francesco Morlac-

clii 588

147. Tomb of Moscheles, Leipsic 590

148. Autograph of Moscheles, 1840 ... 591

149. Autograph of Moritz Moszkow-

ski 594

Autograph of Leopold Mozart,
1770 590

151. Facsimile of Mozart's MS. : Goe-
the's " Das Veilchen." 597

1.V2. Mozart's Birthplace 599

153. Mozart's Monument, Vienna 001

154. Mozart's Ear and Ordinary Ear. . 001

155. Autograph of Mozart, 1770 004

150. Autograph of August Gottlieb

Muffat, 1717 006



515
523

525
520



52S

535 150.

535 j



537

538
544
54G

548



TABLE OF ABBREVIATIONS.



A., Alto.

B., Bass, Basso, etc.

Bar., Baritone.

B. M. V., Beata Maria Virgo.

Biog , Biography, Biogratia, etc.

Catli., Cathedral.

Ch., Church.

Col., Collection.

Jo., ditto.

etc., et cetera.

et seq., et sequentia.

Fr., French.

Ger., German.

ib., ibidem.

ill., idem.

It., Italian.

L. of Honour, Legion of Honour.

Lib., Liber.



M., Monsiem'.

Mllo, Mademoiselle.

Mine, Madame.

MS., MSS., Manuscript, Manuscripts.

M. S., Mezzo-soprano.

Mus. Bac., Bachelor of Music.

Mas. Doc., Doctor of Music.

n. d., no date.

op., opus, opera.

R A. M., Royal Academy of Music.

S., Soprano.

S., Sta., San, Santa.

S. M., Santa Maria.

Sp., Spanish.

St., Saint.

T., Tenor.

Voc., Voces.

Vol., Volume.



***



Words in italics indicate the alphabetical jjlncc < if articles on the subjects



CYCLOPEDIA



OF



Music AND MUSICIANS.



E



ASTER ORATORIO. See Oster-Ora-
torium.
EBDON, THOMAS, born in Dur-



peln. Works Operas : Der Schntzgeist,
given in Berlin, 1798 ; Selico uud Borissa,
ib., 1798 ; Der Deserteur, Melida, ib., 1799 ;



ham, England, iu 1738, died there, Sept. 23, Der Brautigamsspiegel, Breslau, 1800 ; Das

1811. Organist of Durham Cathedral from Fest der Liebe, ib., 1801; Die Gaben des

1763 until his death. Works : 2 volumes of Genius, ib., 1802 ; Das Fesfc im Eichthale,

cathedral music (1790-1810) ; Collection of ib., 1807 ; Anacreon in Jonien, ib., 1810 ;

six glees (1780); 2 sonatas for the harpsi- Der Nachtwachter, ib., 1812 ; Music to the

chord (about 1780) ; Anthems and other tragedy Larnassa ; Die Unsterblichkeit, or-



church music iu MS. Grove ; Mendel.
EBELING, JOHANN GEORG, born in



atorio ; Wiederseheu, cantata ; Lob der
geselligen Freude, do. ; 2 funeral cantatas,



Liineburg about 1020, died in Stettin in and a birthday cantata (1801-3) ; Preis der
1676. He became in 1662 musical director Tonkunst, cantata ; 5 symphonies ; 2 con-
of the Hauptkirche in Berlin and Schulcol- certos for horn ; 2 polonaises concertantes
lege of the St. Nicolaikirche there, and in for violin and orchestra ; -4 quartets for
1668 professor of music at the Gymnasium violin, viola, and violoncello ; Mass for two
Carolinum of Stettin. Some of his church choruses ; Instrumental music, and songs
melodies are still sung. Allgem. d. Biogr., for one and several voices. He was also a
v. 525 ; Mendel ; Riemaun ; Schilling ; Fe- distinguished writer on music, and critic.
tis. Allgem. d. Biogr., v. 525 ; Allgem. Mus.-

EBELL, HEINRICH KARL, born at Zeitg. ; Fotis ; Hoffmann, Die Tonkiinstler
Neu-Ruppin, Mecklenburg, Dec. 30, 1775, Schlesiens (Breslau, 1830) ; Mendel ; Schil-
died at Oppeln, Silesia, March 12, 182-4. ling.

Amateur dramatic composer, chiefly self- EBERL, ANTON, born in Vienna, June
taught while a student at the University of 13, 1766, died there, March 11, 1807. His
Halle ; then in Berlin pupil of Reichardt, father destined him for the law, but he
who procured for him in 1801 the appoint- chose music and became a good pianist in
ment as musical director of the theatre at his boyhood. When sixteen years old he
Breslau, which he kept until 1803. He brought out in Vienna two operas, which
entered the government service in 1804, at gained him the friendship of Gluck and
Breslau, and in 1816 as councillor at Op- , Mozart. With the latter's widow he made



EBERLIX



a concert tour in Germany, and in 1796-
IS(K) he was Kapellmeister in St. Peters-
burg. He visited Russia again iu 1803,
and played in the chief cities of Germany in
1806. As a pianist his playing was marked
by fire and facility, and his compositions
displayed many beauties, with some con-
fused modulation and striving for effect.
Several of his works were published and
became popular under the name of Mozart.
Works Operas : Die Zigeuuer, Vienna,
1782 ; La marchaude de modes, ib., 1783 ;
Die Hexe Megara, ib., about 1800 ; Graf
lialduiu von Flandern, ib., about 1802; Py-
ramus und Thisbe, melodrama, ib., about
1711(1 ; Die Kunigiu der schwarzen Inselu,
ili., 1801 ; La gloria d' Imeueo, cantata ;
Symphonies ; Trios, quartets, a quintet, and
a sextet; Songs; Concertos; Variations;
Sonatas, and other pianoforte music. The
operas and some other compositions have
never been published. Allgem. d. Biogr.,
v. 572 ; Mendel ; Grove ; Fetis.

EBERLIN, DANIEL, born in Nurem-
berg about ir>:>o,

died ill Cassfl ill

1091. Violinist
and composer. He
had an adventu-
rous life ; was a mu-
sical s t n de n t in
Koine, captain of
Papal troops, later
librarian in Nu-
remberg, Kapellmeister in Cassel and Eise-
nach, banker iu Hamburg and Altoua, and
finally captain of militia in Cassel. Tele-
mann was his son-in-law. Though noted
in his time, his violin trios, published in
1675, are his only known works. Mendel ;
Allgem. d. Biogr., v. 574 ; Gerber ; Schil-
ling ; liieniann ; Fetis.

EBERLIN, JOHANN ERNST, born at
Jettenbach, Bavaria, March 27, 1702, died
in Salzburg, June 21, 1762. He was court
organist to the Archbishop of Sal/burg
about 1727, and later his Kapellmeister and
Truchsess or carver. Mozart studied his




compositions for their mastery of counter-
point, and copied thirteen of them, but later
wrote : " They really do not deserve a place
between Handel and Bach. All honour to his
four-part pieces, but his pianoforte fugues
are nothing but long-drawn-out versetti "
(Jahu's Mozart, i. 433. ; iii. 373). Works :
IX Toccate e fughe per 1' organo (Augsburg,
1747), several times republished ; Latin
dramas composed for the pupils of the
Benedictines in Salzburg, the words only
having survived ; 2 sonatas published by
Haffuer ; 2 motets published by Schott ; 5
pieces contributed to Leopold Mozart's Der
Morgen uud der Abend (Augsburg, 1759) ;
Masses, offertories, and other church mu-
sic iu MS., in the libraries of Vienna and
Berlin ; 13 oratorios in the Proske library,
the best known being the Componimento
sacro, performed in Salzburg in 1747.
Grove ; Fetis ; Mendel; Allgem. d. Biogr.,
v. 576 ; Schilling.

EBERS, KARL FRIEDRICH, born in
Cassel, March 25, 1770, died in Berlin,
Sept. 9, 1836. He entered the artillery
school in Berlin while young, but soon
turned his attention to music, which he
taught ; was vice-Kapellmeister at Schwerin
in 1799 ; and later musical director at the
theatre in Pesth. In 1814 he became di-
rector iu a military company, and in 1822
conducted a musical society in Magdeburg.
Works Operas : Bella und Fernando,
Pesth, 1796 ; Die Blumeninsel, Pesth, 1796 ;
Der Eremit von Foruientera, 1796 ; Der
Licbes-Compass, Pestb, 1797. Overtures ;
Sonatas ; Symphonies ; Wir sind die Konige
der Welt, and other songs. Mendel ; All-
gem, d. Biogr., v. 578 ; Grove ; Fetis.

EBERWEIN, KARL, born in Weimar,
Nov. 10, 1786, died there, March 2, 1868.
Violinist, pupil of his father and of his
brother, Traugott Maximilian ; became court
musician in 1803, and later director of the
court orchestra ; was a pupil of Zelter in
Berlin in 1808-10 ; and spent the rest of his
life in Weimar, teaching, singing, and direct-
ing the church music and the opera. In



EBEKWEIX



1849 he was pensioned. He was a contem-
porary and friend of Goethe, for whom he
composed some songs. Works Operas :
Die Heerschau, Weimar, about 1842 ; Dei-
Graf zu Gleichen, ib., about 1843 ; Music
for Leonore, and for Preciosa. Overture to
Goethe's Proserpina ; Entr'actes ; Cantatas ;
String quartet ; Songs ; Music for violin,
and for the flute. Mendel ; Allgem. d.
Biogr., v. 588 ; Schilling ; Fetis, Supple-
ment, i. 300.



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