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FIOEAVANTI



FIORAVANTI, VALENTINO, born in
Rome, November, 1770, died at Capua,
June 1C, 1837. Dramatic composer, pupil at
the Couservatorio della Pieta de' Turcbini,
Naples, under Sala. His first opera was
represented at the Pergola, Florence, in
1791, and was followed by about fifty others,
all comic. In 180G he was invited to Paris,
and produced there, Sept. 26, 1807, an
opera buffa in two acts. lu 1816 he suc-
ceeded Jannaconi as maestro di cappella at
St. Peter's, Rome, but his church music was
inferior to his operas. Like other Italian
composers Fioravanti, though popular in
his day, was eclipsed by Rossini. Works
Operas : Con i matti il savio la perde, rep-
resented at La Pergola, Florence, 1791 ;
Amor aguzza 1' ingegno, about 1792 ; L'
amore immagiuario, 1793 ; L' astuta, 1793 ;
La cantatrice bizzarra, about 1793 ; II furbo
contra il furbo, Turin, 1795 ; Lc cantatrici
villane, Turin, 1795 Paris, 1806, 1842;
Lisetta e Giannino, Naples, 1795 ; II fabro
parigino, Milan, 1796 ; Gli amanti comici,
Milan, 1796 ; La capricciosa peutita, Turin,
1797 ; L' iunocente ambizione, Venice,
1797 ; II matrimouio per magia, Naples,

1797 ; La fortunata combinazione, about

1798 ; L' inganno cade sopra 1' ingannatore,
about 1799 ; H bello piace a tutti, about
1800 ; I viaggiatori ridicoli, Naples, 1800 ;
La schiava fortunata, about 1800 ; H vil-
lauo in angustie, Naples, 1801 ; Amor e dis-
petto, Milan, 1802 ; I raggiri ciarlatanescbi,
Naples, 1802 ; L' orgoglio avvilito, Milan,
1803 ; La schiava di due padroni, Milan,
1803 ; II giudizio di Paride, about 1803 ;
Le avventure di Bertoldino, Rome, 1803 ;
I puntigli per equivoco, Naples, 1804 ; La
bella Carbonara, about 1804 ; L' Africano
generoso, 1804 ; Adelson e Salvina, 1804 ; L'
avaro, 1804 ; L' amor per interezza, about
1805 ; L' arubizioue pentita, about 1805 ;
Semplicita ed astuzia, Naples, 1806 ; Vir-
tuosi ambulanti, Paris, 1807 ; Lo sposo che
piu accommoda, Naples, about 1808 ; Ca-
milla, 1810 ; Adelaide e Comingio, Milan,
1810 ; Raoul di Crequi, Naples, 1811 ; La



foresta d' Hermannstadt, ib., 1812 ; II eia-
battino, ib., 1813 ; Inganni ed amore, ib.,
1814 ; Enrico IV. al passo della Mama,
Rome, 1818 ; Paolina e Suzetta, Naples,
1819 ; La moglie di due mariti, ib., 1820 ;
Ogni eccesso e vizioso, ib., 1823. Fiitis ;
Grove ; Larousse ; Mendel ; Biog. gen.,
xviii. 723.

FIORAVANTI, VINCENZO, born in
Rome, April 5, 1799, died in Naples, March
28, 1877. Dramatic composer, son of Va-
lentino Fioravanti and pupil of Januaconi
and of Donizetti. In 1833 he was maestro
di cappella of a church in Naples, and later
music director at the Albergo de' Poveri
there. Like his father, he wrote many
buffo operas, in the first of which, given in
Naples in 1819, the great basso Lablache
made his debut. Works Operas : La pul-
cinella molinara, Naples, 1819 ; La pasto-
rella rapita, ib., 1820 ; II sarcofago scozzese,
ib., 1820 ; Robinson Crusoe, ib., about
1825 ; Colombo alia scoperta delle Indio,
ib., about 1830 ; II folletto innamorato,
about 1830 ; and many others, a full list of
which is given in Pougiu's supplement to
Fetis. He wrote also two oratorios : Srilla,
and II sacrifizio di Jefte. Fetis, iii. 256 ;
do., Supplement, i. 333 ; Larousse ; Mendel,
iii. 534; Ergiinz., xii. 831.

FIOR D' ALIZA, opera-comique in four
acts and seven tableaux, text by Hippolyte
Lucas and Michel Carre, music by Victor
Masse, represented at the Opera Comique,
Paris, Feb. 5, 1866. The subject of the
libretto is from Lamartine's romance,
" Graziella." The cast was as follows :

Fior d' Aliza . . Mme Vandeuheuvel-Duprez.

Picciuina Mme Galli-MariO.

Gerouimo M. Achard.

Le moine M. Crosti.

FIORE, STEFANO ANDREA, born in
Milan, close of the 17th century. Compos-
er, maestro di cappella to the King of Sar-
dinia ; member of the Accademia Filarrno-
nica, Bologna. Quantz knew him in Tu-
rin, in 1726, where he enjoyed a brilliant



FIOEILLO




reputation. His XII Sonate da cliiesa a
due violiui, and bis opera II pentimento
generoso (1719), are his best compositions.
Fetis ; Mendel.

FIORLLLO, FEDEEIGO, born in Bruns-
wick in 1753, died
after 1823. Vio-
linist, son of Igua-
zio Fiorillo. He
went to Poland in
1780, conducted a
band at Riga,
1783-85, went to
Paris and was
heard at the Con-
certs Spirituals in 17S5, and iu 1788 went to
London, where he played the viola in Salo-
mon's quartet-party. His last appearance
in London was in 179-1 ; he went thence to
Amsterdam and was in Paris in 1823, after
which nothing is known of him. Of all his
works, that entitled Ktudes de violon has
survived as a classical work, of great service
to students. It is composed of 36 caprices,
which are equal to the classical studies of
Rode and Kreutzer. They have been pub-
lished lately by Ferdinand David (Leipsic),
after many previous editions. His other
music consists of duos for violins, for pi-
anoforte and violin ; Quartets, quintets,
concertos, etc., of which Ft'tis gives a list.
Fetis ; Mendel ; Grove ; Larousse.

FIORILLO, IGNAZIO, born in Naples,
May 11, 1715, died at Fritzlar, Hesse, June,
1787. Dramatic composer, pupil at the
Conservatorio, Naples, under Leo and Du-
rante. He brought out his first opera, at
Venice in 1736, became Hofkapellmeister in
Brunswick in 1754, and Kapellmeister in
Cassel in 1762. In 1780 he retired to Fritz-
lar. Works Operas : Mandane, opera seria,
given at Venice, 1736 ; Artamene, Milan,
1738 ; n vincitor di se stesso, ib., 1741 ;
Diana ed Eudimioue, Cassel, 1763 ; Arta-
serse, ib., 1765 ; Nitteti, ib., 1770 ; Andro-
meda, ib., 1771; Isacco, oratorio; 3 Te
Deurn ; Requiem. Fetis ; Mendel ; La-
rousse ; Rieniann.



FIORINI, IPPOLITO, born in Ferrara
about 1540, died about 1612. Madrigal
and church composer, sumamed 1' Augio-
letto ; composer and maestro di cappella to
Alfonso II., Duke of Ferrara. He pub-
lished church music and collections of son-
nets and madrigals. His madrigals are in
Lauro Verde (1586). Fetis ; Schilling ; Men-
del.

FIORONI, GIOVANNI ANDREA, born
in Pavia, 1704, died in Milan, 1779. Church
composer, pupil in Naples of Leo for fifteen
years ; maestro di cappella at Como, and
subsequently of the Cathedral of Milan,
where his compositions are preserved. He
had many celebrated pupils, Zucchiuetti,
Bonesi, and others. Fetis ; Mendel ; "Wurz-
bach.

FISCHER, ADOLPH, born at Ucker-
miinde, Pomerauia, June 23, 1827, still
living, 1889. Organist, first instructed in
Berlin by Elssler in singing, then at the
Royal Institute for Church Music pupil of
A. W. Bach on the organ, of Killitschgy on
the pianoforte, and of Grell iu counterpoint ;
finally (1850-51), of Rungeuhagen and Grell
in composition, for which he received the
grand medal. Meanwhile he had already
acted as organist for several years, and in
1853 went as chief organist and conductor
of the Siugakademie at Fraukfort-ou-the
Oder. In 1865 he received the title of
royal director of music, and in 1870 was
called to Breslau as first organist of the
Elizabethkirche. In 1880 he established
there the Silesian Conservatorium, which is
steadily growing. At the exposition in
Paris, 1867, he won the applause of Auber
and Rossini as a virtuoso on the organ.
Three symphonies of his composition have
been performed several times with success ;
he has published motets, songs, and organ
music.- Mendel, Ergiinz., 488.

FISCHER, ANTON, born at Ried, Sua-
bia, in 1777, died in Vienna, Dec. 1, 1808.
Dramatic composer, pupil of an elder brother
iu Augsburg ; went to Vienna, where he be-
came Kapellmeister in the Josephstiidter



70



FISCHER



Theater, and from 1800 in the Schikaneder
Theater. His works are in the style popu-
lar in Vienna in his time, and show little
originality. Works Operas and operettas :
Lunara, Kunigin des Palmenhains, Vienna,

1802 ; Die arme Familie, about 1800 ; Die
Eutlarvten, ib., 1804; Die Seheidewaud, ib.,

1803 ; Die Verwandhmgen, 1804 ; Der tra-
vestirte Aeneas ; Das Hausgesinde, 1805 ;
Swetard's Zauberthal ; Das Siugspiel auf
dem Dache ; Die Festung an der Elbe ; Das
Milchmadcheu von Bercy ; Theseus und Ari-
adne, a pantomime ; Der wohlthiitige Ge-
nius ; A children's operetta ; Two cantatas.
Mendel ; Fetis ; Schilling.

FISCHER, FERDINAND, born at Bruns-
wick in 1723, died there in 1805 (?). Vio-
linist, travelled in Germany and Holland,
and became court and city musician at
Brunswick, whither he returned in 1761.
Works : 6 trios for violins (Brunswick,
1763) ; 6 symphonies for nine instruments
(ib., 1765) ; 6 quartets for two violins, viola,
and bass ; Cantata for wind instruments
(1800); Concerto for do. (1803). Fetis ;
Mendel ; Schilling.

FISCHER, GOTTFRIED EMIL, born in
Berlin, Nov. 28, 1791, died there, Feb. 14,
1841. Vocal composer, pupil of Zelter in
1810-13, was professor of mathematics at
the Royal School of War in 1817-25, and
from 1818 instructor of vocal music at
the Grey Convent. He composed motets,
chorals, songs, and melodies to von der
Hagen's Miunesiinger, was a contributor to
the Allgemeiue musikalische Zeitung, and
wrote a treatise on singing. Mendel.

FISCHER, JOHANN, born in Suabia
about 1650, died at Schwedt, Pomerania,
about 1720. Virtuoso on the violin and
instrumental composer, pupil in composi-
tion of Kapellmeister Capricoruus at Stutt-
gart, then in Paris much influenced by
Lulli, for whom he copied music. He
seems afterwards to have travelled ; was
employed in the Church of the Barefooted
Friars at Augsburg in 1681, and, after long
wanderings through Germany and Courland,



became Kapellmeister at Schwerin in 1701 ;
having filled this position for a few years,
he went north and, after sojourns at Copen-
hao'en and Stockholm, entered the service

D

of the Margrave of Schwedt in Pomerauia.
He composed overtures, dances, madrigals,
solos, and variations for violin and viola,
songs, etc. Fetis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

FISCHER, JOHANN CHRISTIAN, born
at Freiburg in the Breisgau in 1733, died
in London, April 29, 1800. Virtuoso on
the oboe, was a member of the Dresden
court orchestra in 1760 ; visited Italy in
1765 ; went to England in 1768, and be-
came a member of the Queen's band. In
1786 he made a concert tour in Germany,
and in 1790 settled in London. He was
one of the best performers on his instru-
ment of the last century, and a minuet by
him has been made famous by Mozart's va-
riations on it. There is a fine portrait of
him at Hampton Court, by Gainsborough,
whose daughter Mary he married. Works :
10 hautboy concertos ; Quartets for flute,
violin, viola, and violoncello ; 6 duets for
two flutes ; 10 flute solos ; a concerto and
a rondo for pianoforte Mendel ; Fetis ;
Grove.

FISCHER, JOHANN GOTTFRIED, born
at Naundorf, near Freiberg, Saxony, Sept.
13, 1751, died at Freiberg, Sept, 7, 1821.
Church composer, studied at Leipsic, be-
came organist of St. Andrew's at Eisleben
in 1777, and director of music at Freiberg
in 1799. Works : Andante with variations
for pianoforte ; Caprice for do. ; 6 fugues for
organ and pianoforte ; Pater noster for sev-
eral voices ; Two oratorios for Good Friday ;
Psalms, and many other pieces of church
music. Fetis; Gerber, N. Lex.; Mendel;
Schilling.

FISCHER, JOHANN KASPAR FERDI-
NAND, born about 1672, died (?). One of
the best pianists of his time, Kapellmeister
to the Margrave of Baden about 1720.
Works : Le journal du printemps, airs and
ballets for five parts, and trumpets, op. 1
(Augsburg, 1696) ; Das musikalische Blu-



FISCHER



menbiischlein bestehend iu 8 Partien und
eiuer variirten Arie, op. 2 ; Psalmi vespertiui
pro toto anno, etc., op. 3 (ib., 1701) ; Ariadne
musica, etc. (ib., 1710) ; Der inusikalische
Parnassus (ib., 1738) ; Preludia et f ugse pro
organo per 8 tonos ecclesiasticos (ib.). Fc-
tis ; Gerber, N. Lex. ; Mendel.

FISCHER, JOSEPH, born in Vienna in
1780, died at Mauuheim in October, 1862.
Basso and vocal composer, sou and pupil of
the famous basso Ludwig Fischer (1745-
1825) and of Barbara Fischer, bom Strasser.
Having first appeared in concerts in Berlin,
he obtained an engagement at the theatre
in Mannheim in 1801, then at Cassel iu
1803, and two years after started on a
concert tour for Paris, then through Ger-
many to Italy, where he spent the greater
part of his life as singer and impresario ; in
the latter capacity he was last iu Palermo,
whence he retired to Mannheim. He pub-
lished ten or twelve books of songs. Fctis ;
Mendel ; Schilling.

FISCHER, KARL AUGUST, born at
Ebersdorf, near Chemnitz, Saxony, in 1829,
still living, 1889. Dramatic and instru-
mental composer, and one of the most emi-
nent organists of the present time ; pupil of
Anacker at Freiberg, made extensive con-
cert tours in 1852-55, and became organist
of the orphanage and English churches at
Dresden. Works : Loreley, opera ; Festi-
val mass ; Four symphonies for organ with
orchestra ; Three concertos for organ ; Two
suites for orchestra ; Compositions for vio-
lin and organ, and for violoncello and or-
gan. Mendel ; Riemaun.

FISCHER, KARL LUDWIG, born at
Kaiserslauteru, Bavaria, in 1810, died at
Hanover, Aug. 15, 1877. Violinist, pupil
of Eichhorn at Mauuheim in composition,
having appeared successfully in public at
the age of eight. He was musical director
at the theatres in Treves, Cologne, Aix-la-
Chapelle, Nuremberg, and Wiirzburg, Ka-
pellmeister at Mainz in 1847-52, then at
the royal theatre in Hanover assistant Ka-
pellmeister with Marschner, whom he suc-



ceeded in 1859. His songs and choral
works, but especially his male choruses,
have won him great reputation in Germany.
Mendel ; Riemauu.

FISCHER, MICHAEL GOTTHARDT,
born at Alach, near Erfurt, June 3, 1773,
died there, Jan. 12, 1829. Organist, pupil
at Erfurt of Johauu Christian Kittel, the
last disciple of Sebastian Bach. Having
lived for a short time at Jena, he was re-
called to Erfurt by Baron Dalberg in 1790
as Conzertmeister, organist at the Church of
the Barefooted Friars, and conductor of the
winter concerts. Afterwards he became
organist at the Predigerkirche, and in 1816
professor of thorough bass and the organ
at the seminary. Works : Two quartets
for violins, viola, and violoncello, op. 1
(Offenbach, 1799) ; Symphony in C, for
14 parts (Hamburg, Lau) ; Grand sonata
for pianoforte, op. 3 (Erfurt, Rudolphi) ;
12 organ pieces, dedicated to Kittel, op.
4 (ib., 1802) ; 4 symphonies for 11 and
14 parts, op. 5, 9, 13, 19 ; Quartet for pi-
anoforte, viola, and bass, op. 6 (Leipsic,
Breitkopf fc Hiirtel) ; Quintet for two violins,
two violas, and bass, op. 7 (ib.) ; Concerto for
bassoon and orchestra, op. 8 (ib.) ; Concerto
for clarinet, or oboe, and bassoon, op. 11 ;
Caprices, rondos, and exercises for piano-
forte ; Five motets ; Four arias for chorus in
four parts ; Evangelisches Choral-Melodien-
buch ; Eight chorals with accompanying
canons, for organ ; Twelve songs with piano-
forte ; About fifty works for the organ, many
of which are still in use. Fetis ; Mendel ;
Schilling.

FISCHETTI, MATTEO LUIGI, born at
Mart ina-Franra, Italy, Feb. 28, 1830, died at
Naples, December, 1887. Pianist and dra-
matic composer, pupil of Michele Cerimele
on the pianoforte, of Raejntroph, Petrella,
Moretti, Lillo, and Pappalardo, iu harmony
and composition ; taught the pianoforte and
published about 200 pieces for that instru-
ment. Other works Operas : A'ida di Sca-
fati, Naples, 1873 ; La Sorrentiua, ib., 1873 ;
Uu' ultra figlia di Madaina Angot, ib., Teatro



FISCHHOF



Mercadante, 1874 ; Vocal melodies. Fetis,
Supplement, i. 335 ; Mendel, Ergiinz., 105.

FISCHHOF, JOSEF, born at Butscho-
witz, Moravia, April 4, 1804, died in Vi-
enna, June 28, 1857. Pianist, pupil in Vi-
enna of Anton Halm, on the pianoforte, and
of Ignaz YOU Seyfried in composition ; soon
became one of tbe favorite pianoforte
teachers in Vienna, aud in 1833 was ap-
pointed professor at tbe Conservatorium.
He published also several literary works on
music. His compositions consist of rondos,
fantasias, variations, dances, and marches
for pianoforte ; Variations for flute witb
pianoforte, guitar, aud quartet ; String
quartet ; Songs, etc. Fetis ; Mendel ; Mo-
natschrift fiir Theater uud Musik (Vienna,
1857), iii. 460.

FISCHIETTI, DOMENICO, born in Na-
ples in 1729 (1725?), died at Salzburg after
1810. Dramatic composer, pupil at the
Conservatorio di San Onofrio. He went to
Dresden in 1766, and his first mass was
given there in that year. Subsequently
the Archbishop of Salzburg appointed him
his Kapellmeister. Works Operas : L' Ab-
bate Collaroue, given at Naples, 1749 ; II
fiuto fratello ; Solimano, Naples, 1753 ; Lo
speziale (with Pallavicini), Venice, 1755 ; li
ritorno di Londra, Naples, 1756 ; II Signer
Dottore, ib., 1758; II Siface, ib., 1761 ; H
mercato di Malmantile, Dresden, about
1766 ; La molinara, Naples, 1768 ; Ariana
e Teseo, Dresden, 1769 ; Nitteti, Naples,
1770 ; Les metamorphoses d' amour, inter-
mezzo. Fetis ; Mendel.

FISH, WILLIAM, born in Norwich, Eng-
land, in 1775, died about 1863 or 1864.
Violinist in tbe theatre at Norwich, then
principal oboist in tbe theatre, and leader
of the band at concerts. Composed songs,
glees, and concertos for various instruments.
Grove.

FISHER, JOHN ABRAHAM, born at
Dunstable, England, 1744, died ('?). Violin-
ist and dramatic composer, pupil on tbe vio-
lin of Pinto ; made bis first appearance in
1765 in a concert at tbe King's Theatre.



Becoming interested in Covent Garden The-
atre through his marriage with a daughter
of Powell the actor, be turned his attention
to dramatic composition. He was given
tbe degree of Mus. Doc. at Oxford in 1777,
on the performance there of bis oratorio,
Providence. On the death of his wife he
made a professional tour through Russia
and Germany, and in Vienna in 1784 mar-
ried the singer Anna Seliua Storace, but he
so ill-treated her that she left him, and the
Emperor ordered Fisher to quit bis domin-
ions. Works Operas : Tbe Monster of
tbe Wood, London, 1772 ; The Sylphs, ib.,
1774 ; Prometheus, 1776 ; The Norwood
Gypsies, 1777 ; Music for the opening of
Macbeth ; Symphonies ; Concertos for pi-
anoforte aud oboe ; Canzonets ; Violin and
flute music. Grove ; Fetis ; Mendel.

FISSOT, ALEXIS HENRY, born at Ai-
raines (Somnie), Oct. 24, 1843, still living,
1889. Pianist aud organist, pupil at the
Conservatoire, Paris, of Marmoutel for pi-
anoforte, Benoist for organ, Bazin for har-
mony, and of Ambroise Thomas for counter-
point and fugue. He won tbe 1st pianoforte
prize in 1855, 1st prize for fugue and organ
in 1859, and many other prizes. He be-
came one of the best organists and pianists
in Paris ; is organist of Saint-Vincent-de-
Paul. His pianoforte compositions are nu-
merous aud popular. Fetis, Supplement,
i. 336.

FITZWILLIAM, EDWARD FRANCIS,
born at Deal, England, in 1824, died in
London, Jan. 20, 1857. He became in 1853
director of music at the Haymarket Thea-
tre, London, where he produced an oper-
etta, Love's Alarms, and the music of sev-
eral minor pieces. He published a Te
Deum, four four-part songs (1855), hymns,
etc. Grove.

FIX'D IN HIS EVERLASTING SEAT,
double chorus in D major in Handel's Sam-
son, Part II.

FLACCOMIO, GIOVANNI PIETRO,
born at Milazzo in Sicily, died in Turin in
1617. Priest and church composer, maes-



73



FLADT



tro de cappella to Plrilip III., of Spain. He
published a collection of sacred music. Fe-
tis ; Gerber ; Mendel ; "\Valther ; Yiotta.

FLADT (Flad), ANTON, born in Mann-
heim in 1775, died in Munich, June 14,
1850. Oboist, pupil of Friedrich Rarnm
iu Munich, where he succeeded Lebrun in
the court orchestra in 1790. After many
concert tours in Germany, Italy, France, and
England, he returned to his Munich posi-
tion, from which he did not retire until
1842. Works : 3 concertinos for oboe and
orchestra ; 8 allemaudes and 4 waltzes for
two flageolets ; 24 minor pieces for do.
Mendel ; Fetis ; Grove.

FLATT'RING TONGUE, soprano air, in
B-flat, of Esther in Handel's Esther, Part III.

FLAVIO (Flavins), Italian opera in three
acts, text by Nicolo Francesco Haym, music
by Handel, first represented at the King's
Theatre, London, May 14, 1723. This
work, noted for the beauty of its melodies,
was sung with great success by Senesino,
Cuzzoui, Durastauti, and Mrs. Anastasia
Robinson. It contains a quintet, said to be
the first scenic quintet ever composed.
Characters represented : Flavio, Guido,
Emilia, Teodata, Vitige, Ugoue, Lotario.
The opera was revived in 1732, but without
success. The M.S., in Buckingham Palace,
is dated at the end, May 7, 1723. Published
first by Walsh ; full score by Handelgesell-
schaft (Leipsic, 1875). Rockstro, Handel,
139 ; Schcelcher, Handel, 70, 90 ; Chry-
sander, ii. 90.

FLECHA (Fleccia), MATTHAEUS, born
in Prades, Spain, died at the Benedictine
Abbey of Solsona, Feb. 20, 1604. A Car-
melite monk, he became maestro de capilla
to the Emperor Charles V., and, after the
abdication of that monarch, lived iu monas-
teries in Hungary and Bohemia. He re-
turned to Spain in 1559, and retired to the
Convent of Solsona. Works : Motets,
psalms, and other church music. He was
the author of a treatise, " Libro de Musica
de Punto " (Prague, 1581). Fetis, iii. 270 ;
Supplement, i. 336 ; Mendel ; Viotta.



FLECHI5, JEAN ANDRE, born at Mar-
seilles, April 23, 1779, died (?). Dramatic
composer ; was private secretary to Jerome
Bonaparte, and his chamberlain when King
of Westphalia. He went with him to Cas-
sel, and produced there in 1811 an opera,
Le troubadour. He wrote also music for
the pianoforte and violin, and romances for
the viola. Fetis ; Mendel.

FLEDERMAUS, DIE (The Bat), German
operetta in three acts, text by Haffuer and
Richard Genee, music by Johann Strauss,
first represented in Vienna, and at the
Friedrich- Wilhelmstadtisches Theater, Ber-
lin, July, 1874. The libretto is an adaptation
of Meilhac and Halevy's Le Reveillon. A
French version, text by Delacour and
Wilder, music partly from Die Fledermaus
and partly from Strauss's Cagliostro, with
some additions, was given in Paris, at the
Theatre de la Renaissance, Oct. 30, 1877,
under the title, La tzigaue. Hauslick,
Moderue Oper, 338.

FLEGIER, ANGE, born in Marseilles,
Feb. 22, 184G, still living, 1889. Dramatic
composer, pupil at the Marseilles, and in
1866 at the Paris Conservatoire, where he
studied under Bazin and Ambroise Thomas.
In 1870 he settled in Marseilles. Works:
Fatma, opera- comique in one act, text by
Devoisin, given at the Grand Theatre at
Marseilles, April, 1875 ; Franjoise de Ri-
mini, cantata ; Overtures ; Choruses ; Songs,
etc. Fetis ; Supplement, i. 336 ; Mendel,
Ergiinz., xii. 109.

FLEISCHER, FRIEDRICH GOTTLOB,
born at Cntheu, Anhalt, Germany, Jan. 14,
1722, died at Brunswick, April 4, 1806.
Pianist, organist, and dramatic and instru-
mental composer, was appointed chamber
musician at Brunswick in 1747, and after-
wards became there also organist at the
Church of Sts. Martin and Egidius, and
court pianist. He had the reputation of
being one of the greatest pianists of Bach's
school. Works : Das Orakel, opera, 1771 ;
Music to the drama Comala ; Cantatas
| (Brunswick, 1760) ; Minuets and polonaises

71



FLEISCHMANN



for pianoforte (ib.) ; Sonatas for do. ; Odes
for solo voice with pianoforte (ib., 1756).
Fetis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

FLEISCHMANN, FRIEDRICH, born at
Heideufeld, near Wiirzburg, Bavaria, July
18, 1766, died at Meiuiugen, Nov. 30, 1798.
Instrumental and vocal composer, self-
taught ; became secretary to the Duke of
Meiningeu ill 1789, and director of the
court orchestra in 1790. Works : Die Geis-
terinsel, opera, 1796 ; Several symphonies ;
Pieces for military baud ; Concertos for pi-
anoforte ; Symphonic coucertante for do.
and violin ; Variations, songs, etc. Fetis ;
Mendel ; Schilling.

FLEUR DE THIS, opera-bouffe in three
acts, text by Chivot and Duru, music by
Charles Lecocq, represented at the Athenee,
Paris, April 11, 1868. Sung by Desire,
Leouce, Sylter, and Miles Irnia Marie and
Lucie Cabel.

FLEURS DES L ANDES (Moorland
Flowers), 5 melodies for one or two voices
and chorus with pianoforte accompaniment,
on words by A. de Bouclon, Fondle Des-
champs, and Briseux, by Hector Berlioz, op.
13. I. Le matin (Morning) ; II. Petit oi-
seau (Little Bird) ; IK Le trebuchet (The
Trap) ; IV. Le jeuue patre breton (The
Young Breton Shepherd) ; V. Le chant des
bretons (Breton Song). Published in 1850
by Richault, Paris. The following are pub-
lished separately, with French and German



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