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11 Grande, given at Genoa; I due Forzati,
Leghorn ; H Gitauo, Marseilles, 1835 ; Le
chevalier de Cauolle, Paris, Opera Comique,
183G ; Amleto, not performed ; Choruses for
the Amalecites of Chateaubriand. Fetis;
do., Supplement, i. 342 ; Mendel.

FOOTE, AETHUK (WILLIAM), born, of
American parents, in Salem, Mass., March
f), LS53, still living, 1889. Graduated at
Harvard University in 1874, studied the
pianoforte and organ under B. J. Lang,
and harmony and composition under
Stephen A. Emery and John K. Paine. Has
IN i ii. since 1878, organist of the First Uni-
tarian Church, Boston. Works Vocal :
The Fareirell of Hiawatha, for male chorus
and orchestra, Boston, May 12, 1886 ; The
II '/(/ of the Hesperus, for soli, mixed
chorus, and orchestra, ib., Jan. 2C, 1887 ;
Numerous songs and part-songs. Instru-
mental : String quartet in G minor, op. 4 ;
Trio for pianoforte, violin, and violoncello
in C minor, op. 5 ; Serenade for strings, op.

12 ; Overture, In the Mountains, op. 14 ;
Concerto for violoncello and orchestra ;
Si'M-ral fugitive pieces for pianoforte, for
violin, and for violoncello.

FOKAN SYDENS KLOSTER (Before
the South Convent), cantata for soli, female
chorus, and orchestra, by Edvard Grieg,
op. 20. Subject from Bjorustjerue BjiJrn-
son's "Aruljot Gelline." Translated into
German as Vor der Klosterpforte, by F. von
Holstein, and published by E. W. Fritzsch
(Loipsic, 1877). Wochcnblatt (1877), 226.

FOE, AS IN ADAM ALL DIE, short
chorus in D minor, in Handel's Messiah,
Part HI. ; usually sung as an unaccompa-
nied quartet of solo voices.

FORBES, GEORGE, born in London,
July 1, 1813, died there, Sept, 11, 1883.
Pianist, pupil of his brother Henry and of
Sir George Smart. He gave concerts with
his brother in London in 1831-44 and after-
wards on his own account. Works : Sonata



in C for pianoforte ; Marche des Guides ;
Larghetto and rondo capriccioso in E ; La
pluie de perles ; Nocturnes, waltzes, and
other works for pianoforte. Brown.

FORBES, HENRY, born in London in
1804, died there, Nov. 24, 1859. Pianist
and organist, brother of George Forbes,
pupil of Sir George Smart, Hummel, Mo-
scheles, and Herz. He was conductor of
the Societa Annomca and organist of St.
Luke's, Chelsea. Works: The Fairy Oak,
opera, given at Drury Lane, London, 1845 ;
Ruth, oratorio, London, 1847 ; National
Psalmody, a collection of psalm tunes for
four voices ; Songs, etc. Grove.

FORD, THOMAS, English composer of
17th century, buried, London, Nov. 17,
1(!48. He was one of the musicians of
Prince Henry, son of James I., and also of
Charles I. He published a work entitled,
" Musicke of Suudrie Kindes, set forth in
two Bookes. The first whereof are Aires for
4 Voices to the Lute, Orpharion, or Basse-
Viol, etc. The second are Pavens, Galiards,
Thumpes and such like for two Basse Viols,
the Liera Way," etc. This work contains
the beautiful four-part songs : " Since first I
saw your face," and, "There is a ladie sweet
and kind." He contributed to Leighton's
" Toares or Lameutacious of a Sorrowfull
Soule " (1614) ; and composed canons and
rounds which are printed in Hilton's
" Catch that Catch Can," and an anthem in
the Anthems by Madrigal Composers of the
Music Antiquarian Society. Grove ; Fetis ;
Mendel.

FORGUES, VICTOR ESPRIT EMILE,
born in Paris, Sept. 26, 1823, still living,
1889. Pianist, pupil at the Conservatoire
under Goblin, Laurent, Ziuimermann, and
Leborne. He won the 1st prize for piano-
forte in 1840 ; has played with great success
at concerts in Paris and other cities. He
has published morceaux de genre, and a col-
lection of 12 Eludes. Fetis, Supplement,
i. 343.

FOR HE SHALL GIVE HIS ANGELS.
See Denn er hat seiueu Engelu.



FORKEL



FORKEL, JOHANN NICOLAUS, horn
at Meeder, near Coburg, Feb. 22, 1749,
died in GOttiugen, March 17, 1818. The
son of a shoemaker, he received some in-
struction from a chorister of his native place
and then taught himself. He became choir-
boy at Liineburg in 1762, and Chorprufect
at Schwerin in 17G6 ; went to Gottingen in
1709 to study law, but soon devoted him-
self to music again, and was appointed or-
ganist of the University Church, and in 1778
musical director to the university, which
gave him the doctor's degree in 1780. He
was the earliest of the musical historians
of Germany, and showed great energy in
amassing materials with, sometimes, a want
of the critical faculty in digesting them.
Works : Hiskias, oratorio ; 2 cantatas : Die
Macht derHarmonie and DieHirteu bei der
Krippe zu Bethlehem ; Choruses ; Sympho-
nies, concertos, and pianoforte sonatas.
Among his historical and critical writings
are : " Ueber die Theorie der Musik " (Giit-
tingen, 177-4) ; " Musikalisch-kritische Bibli-
othek " (Gotha, 1778) ; " Musikalischer Alma-
nach fur Deutschland " (Leipsic, 1782, 1783,
1784, 1789); "Allgemeiue Geschichte tier
Musik " (ib., 1788-1801), his greatest work,
though unfinished ; " Allegemeine Litera-
tur der Musik" (ib.,
1792), the first biblio-
graphical attempt of
the kind; "Johanu
Sebastian Bach's Leb-
en, Kunst mid Kunst-
werke" (ib., 1802, English translation,
London, 1820). Mendel ; Schilling ; Fetis ;
Grove ; Allgem. d. Biogr., vii. 155.

FOENARI, VINCENZO, born at Naples,
May 11, 1848, still living, 1889. Dramatic
composer, pupil of Luigi Siri on the piano-
forte and of Battista in composition. His
opera, Maria di Torre, was given at Naples,
Teatro Filarinonico, 1871. Fetis, Supple-
ment, i. 343.

FORNASINI, NICOLA, born at Bari,
Aug. 17, 1803, died at Naples, June 24,
1861. Dramatic composer, pupil at the







Conservatorio, Naples, of Furno, Tritto, and
Ziugarelli, became bandmaster of a regi-
ment, and afterwards was appointed direc-
tor of music of the royal army, also inspec-
tor of the classes in wind instruments at
the Conservatorio. Works : Oh ! quante
imposture, opera buft'a, Naples, Teatro
Nuovo, 1829 ; Un matrimouio per medicina,
ib., 1829 ; L'avvocato in angustie, farce, ib.,
1831 ; La vedova scaltra, ib., 1831 ; Ro-
berto di Costanzo, ib., Teatro Sail Carlo,
1839 ; Several ballets, ib. ; Masses, vespers,
litanies, a Te Deum, and other church mu-
sic. Fetis, Supplement, i. 343.

FORONI, JACOPO, born at Verona, July
25, 1825, died at Stockholm, Sept. 8, 1858.
Dramatic and instrumental composer, son
and probably pupil of Domeuico Foroui,
church composer (1796-1853) ; introduced
the symphony for orchestra into Italy, and
composed several meritorious works in this
form. In 1849 he was called to Stockholm
as royal director of music. Works : Mar-
gherita, opera, given in Milan, 1847 ; Les
gladiateurs, do., Stockholm, about 1855 ;
L'avocat Patheliu, do. (unfinished) ; Three
overtures for grand orchestra ; Several sym-
phonies for do. ; Pianoforte pieces. Fetis ;
Mendel.

FORSTER, ALBAN, boru at Reichen-
bach, Saxony, Oct. 23, 1849, still living,
1889. Pupil of R. Blurne and, at the Con-
servatorium, Dresden (1866-69), of Rietz in
composition, of Lauterbach on the violin,
and of During on the pianoforte. Having
held positions at Carlsbad, Breslau and
Stettin, he went as court musician to Neu-
Strelitz in 1871. Besides an operetta, Das
Fliistern, given at Neu-Strelitz, 1875, he has
written 2 string quartets, 2 trios, soli for
violin and for violoncello, some orchestral
works, and pianoforte pieces and songs.
Mendel, Ergiinz., 111.

FORSTER, CHRISTOPH, born at Bebra,
Thuringia, Nov. 30, 1693, died at Rudol-
stadt, Dec. 6, 1745. Organist, pupil in his
native town of the organist Pitzler on the
pianoforte and organ, then at Weissenfels



FORSTER



of Heinichen in thorough bass and compo-
sition, and at Merseburg of Kauffinann in
counterpoint. In 1719 he went to Dresden,
was in Prague during the coronation festiv-
ities in 1723, and became Kapellmeister at
Rudolstadt in 1745. He composed over
300 works, consisting of cantatas, sympho-
nies, overtures, and pianoforte and organ
pieces. Fi'tis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

FORSTER, EMANUEL ALOYS, born at
Niederstein (at Neurath, according to Men-
del), Silesia, Jan. 26, 1748, died in Vienna,
Nov. 12, 1823. Self-taught, he went to Vi-
enna in 177G, and became a very successful
teacher of thorough bass and composition.
Beethoven esteemed him highly. Works :
48 string quartets and quintets ; Quartets
for pianoforte and strings ; Pianoforte so-
natas and pieces ; Cantata and songs ; Va-
riations on an air from Sarti's opera, I finti
Eredi, which were long attributed to Mozart.
He was the author of " Anleituug zum Ge-
neralbass" (1802, 1805, 1824), with 146 ex-
amples, a work of considerable value. Men-
del ; Ft'tis ; Wurzbach.

FORTIA DE PILES, Comte AL-
PHONSE, born in Marseilles, Aug. 18,
1758, died at Sisteron, Feb. 18, 1826.
Dramatic composer, pupil of Ligori. The
last member of the noble family of his
name, he was an officer of the regiment du
Roy and governor of Marseilles before the
Revolution. Works Operas : La foe Ur-
gele, Nancy, 1784 ; Vt'nus et Adonis, ib.,
ITS 4 ; Le pouvoir de 1'amour, ib., 1785 ;
L'officier francais ii Tarmee, ib., 1786 ; 8 so-
natas for pianoforte, with violin and violon-
cello ; Trios for violin ; Quartets for violin ;
Symphony for full orchestra. Fi-tis ; La-
rousse ; Biog. Gon., xviii. 221; Mendel.

FORTSCH, JOHANN PHILIPP, born at
Wertheim, Franconia, May 14, 1652, died
atLiibeck after 1708. Dramatic composer,
pupil at Weissenfels of Johann Philipp
Krieger, and completed his musical train-
ing under different masters while studying
medicine at Frankfort, Jena. Helinstadt,
Erfurt, and Altdorf. Having travelled in



Germany, Holland, and France, he entered,
in 1671, the Chapel of the Council at Ham-
burg as tenor singer, and a few years later
was engaged for the theatre there, as singer,
composer, and poet. In 1680 he became
Kapellmeister to the Duke of Schleswig at
Gottorp, went in the same year to Kiel, to
take his diploma as doctor, and practised
medicine at Husuru, Schleswig, etc. ; was
made court physician to the aforenamed
duke in 1689, and to the Bishop of Eutin in
1694, living at Liibeck from 1705. Works
Operas : Criisus, given at Hamburg, 1684 ;
Das unmogliche Ding, ib., 1685 ; Alexander
in Sidon, Eugenia, Polyeiict, ib., 1688 ; Kaiu
und Abel, Xerxes, Cimbria, ib., 1689 ; Tha-
lestris, Aucile Romano, Bajazeth und Tam-
erlan, Don Quixote, ib., 1690. Concertos
for harpsichord. Fetis ; Mendel ; Schilling.

FORTUNATI, GIOVANNI FRANCES-
CO, born at Parma, Feb. 24, 1746, died (?).
Dramatic composer, pupil of Omoboni Ni-
colini the elder, and in Bologna of Padre
Martini. He brought out his first opera in
Parma, 1769, was made maestro di cappella
to the court, vocal instructor to the Arch-
duchess Amalia, and director of the opera.
Having composed operas for many Italian
cities, he went to Germany, lived in Dres-
den, and finally went to Berlin, as com-
poser to Friedrich Wilhelm II. On his
return to Parma he resumed his former
position at the court and the principal the-
atre, and held them until the death of
Louis Ferdinand in 1802. He was one of
the original members of the musical sec-
tion of the Academy of Arts and Sciences in
Italy, founded in 1810. Works : I caccia-
tori e la vendilatte, given at Parma, 1769 ;
L'incontro inaspettato, ib., about 1800 ; La
coutessa per equivoco ; Ipermestra. Fe-
tis ; Mendel.

FOR UNTO US A CHILD IS BORN,
chorus in G major, in Handel's Messiah,
Part I.

FORZA DEL DESTLNO, LA, Italian op-
era seria in four acts, text by Piave, music
by Verdi, first represented in St. Peters-



84



FOSSA



burg, Nov. 10, 18C2. The libretto is adapted
from a romantic drama of the same title,
in five acts, by Don Angelo Saavedra, duque
de Eivas, played in Madrid in 1835. The
opera was produced in London, at Her Maj-
esty's Theatre, June 22, 1867 ; and in Paris,
at the Theatre Italien, Oct. 31, 1876, with a
new overture and changes in the text by
Verdi. The action takes place in Spain.
Don Alvarez, son of the viceroy of Peru,
enamoured of Donna Leonora de Vargas,
daughter of the Marchese di Calatrava, acci-
dentally kills the marquis, who tries to pre-
vent their elopement. Donna Leonora re-
tires into a convent and Don Carlos, her
brother, vows vengeance against Don Alva-
rez. After having been sworn friends in
the war in Italy, both being under assumed
names, Don Carlos at last discovers his iden-
tity and forces him to fight him. Don Car-
los is wounded and Don Alvarez goes into a
monastery under the name of Padre Raffaele.
Don Carlos, recovered from his wound, seeks
his retreat and endeavours, by every insult,
to make him fight again. Padre Raffaele
bears his taunts with saintly patience, but
at last, goaded beyond endurance, seizes the
sword Don Carlos offers him and, going
without the monastery walls, fights and
mortally wounds him. Leonora, who has
witnessed the combat from her window,
rushes upon the scene as her brother falls
and, while offering aid, is stabbed by him,
and Don Alvarez, losing his reason at the
dreadful sight, throws himself from a prec-
ipice. In the final form of the opera, as
given in Paris, the denouement is changed
so that Alvarez does not kill himself. Hans-
lick, Moderne Oper, 242 ; Larousse, viii.
631.

FOSSA (Defossa), JOANNES DE, born in
the Netherlands in the 16th century, died at
Munich in 1603. Church composer, became
assistant Kapellmeister at Munich in 1569,
under Orlando Lasso, after whose death
he acted as Ober-Kapellmeister from 1594
until 1602. Masses and motets of his com-
position are in the royal library of Munich ;



they show great delicacy and original con-
ception. Mendel.

FOSSA (de Fossis, De Cii Fossis, Da Fos-
sa), PIERRE DE, Flemish composer of the
16th century, died in Rome in 1527. He is
the first recorded maestro di cappella of S.
Marco, Venice, having immediately preceded
Adrien Willaert of Bruges. He had pre-
viously been a singer in the papal choir from
about 1485, and in 1491 was director of the
music of the chapel and of the maitrise.
He was thus the first chorodidascalus and
first phonascus of that celebrated church.
Though noted in his day as a composer,
none of his works have survived. He is
celebrated by Pietro Contarini in " Argo
vulgare " for his songs, and he is said to
have written a cantata for the marriage of
Anne Gondola of Aquitaiue with Ladislas,
King of Hungary and Bohemia, 1502, which
was preserved in the archives of that queen.
Van der Straeten, La Musique au Pays
Bas, vi. 182 ; Mendel ; Viotta.

FOSSEY, LEON, born in Paris, March
17, 1829, died there in February, 1877.
Dramatic composer, pupil of Elwart at the
Conservatoire, where he took the second
prize for harmony in 1849. He was for
many years chef d'orchestre of the Theatre
de la Gaite. Works : Pomme d'api, ope-
retta, Gaite, 1859 ; Marcel et Cie, do., Bouffrs
Parisiens, 1867. Fetis, Supplement, i. 345.

FOSTER, STEPHEN COLLINS, born,
of American parent-
age, in Lawrenceville
(now part of Pitts-
burgh), Pennsylvania,
July 4, 1826, died in
New York, Jan. 13,
1864. His early mu-
sical education was
acquired at home,
and later he had
some instruction
from local teachers,
and was, in his own

way, a close student of the works of the
great composers. During 1850-51 he lived




FOUQUE



for a time in New York and Hoboken, but
in 1851 returned to Pittsburgh ; in I860 lie
again went to New York, where lie remained
until his death. Foster occupies a place
of his own among American song-writers ;
few musical compositions appeal so directly
to the popular heart as his, and none have
become more universally known or been in
more general use. His first published com-
position, written when he was about seven-
teen years old, was a serenade, Open thy
lattice, love (1842). The Old Folks at
Home, often called The Suwanee Kiver, was
composed in the summer of 1851, and was
purchased by the negro-minstrel Edwin P.
Christy, who published it as "written and
composed by" himself. More than half a
million copies of it were sold, and it still
has a steady sale. Works : Foster com-
posed about 150 songs in all, and in most
cases wrote the words as well as the music.
Among the bettor known are : Old Uncle
Ned ; Oh, Susanna : Nelly was a lady
(1849) ; Old Folks at Home ; Oh, boys,
carry me 'long !; Gentle Annie; My Old
Kentucky Home ; Nelly Ely ; Nancy Till ;
( >M Dog Tray ; Willie, we have missed you ;
Come where my love lies dreaming (4
voices) ; Massa's in the cold, cold ground ;
Maggie by my side ; Old Black Joe, 1861 ;
Beautiful Dreamer, 1804.

FOUQUK. O'lr.IlRE) OCTAVE, bom at
Pau (Basses-Pyrenees), Nov. 12, 1844, died
there, Sept. 22, 1883. Dramatic, instru-
mental, and vocal composer, pupil in Paris
of Reiuhold Becker in harmony, of Chauvet
in counterpoint, and of Ambroise Thomas
in composition. He is more important as a
writer on music. Works : L'avocat noir,
operetta, given at the Alcazar, 1874 ; Deux
vieux coqs, do. ; Prelude for orchestra,
Concerts Danbe, 1874 ; Preludes, nocturnes,
morceaux de genre, etc., for pianoforte ;
Songs, and choruses. Fetis, Supplement,
i. 345 ; Mendel, Ergiiuz., 112.

FOWLE, THOMAS LLOYD, born at
Amesbury, Wilts, England, Oct. 16, 1827,
still living, 1889. Church composer and



organist, self-taught ; was organist at Ames-
bury, then at Crawley, Sussex, and from
1856 engaged as editor and publisher. Re-
sides at Ryde, Isle of Wight. Works : Five
cantatas ; Four volumes of anthems ; do. of
organ voluntaries ; Twelve marches for
special seasons ; Two services, etc.

FRA DIAVOLO, ou 1'hotellerie de Ter-
raciue (The Inn of Terraciiia), opera-co-
niiquo in three acts, text by Scribe, music by
Auber, first represented at the Opera Co-
mique, Paris, Jan. 28, 1830. Fra Diavolo
was the sobriquet of Miehele Pezza, a Cala-
brian bandit, who was pardoned in 1799 and
became a colonel in the Neapolitan army,
but was captured in 1806 by General Hugo
(father of Victor Hugo) and hanged in
Naples. Scribe took little more than the
title for his libretto, the incidents of which
are derived chiefly from La Cauerne of
Lesueur, which in turn is founded on an
episode in " Gil Bias." A spectacular
drama, entitled Fra Diavolo chef du bri-
gands dans les Alpes, by Cuvelier and Frau-
coiii, was given in Paris in 1808, and a Ger-
man version, Die Riiuber in den Abruzzen,
in Vienna in 1822. Auber's Fra Diavolo
was produced in Vienna in 1830 ; an Eng-
lish version at Drury Lane, Nov. 3, 1831,
and an Italian version at the Lyceum, Lon-
don, July 9, 1857. It was first given in
New York, April, 1832. In the first act of
the opera, Lord and Lady Kokbourg, Eng-
lish travellers, after a narrow escape from
Fra Diavolo's band, during which the lady
loses her diamonds, enter the inn at Terra-
cina, kept by Matteo, whose daughter Zer-
liue loves Lorenzo, an officer in command of
carabineers searching for the bandits. Fra
Diavolo himself, who has followed the trav-
ellers disguised as the Marquis de San
Marco, hearing how they have deceived his
men, tries to perfect his plans for robbing
them by ingratiating himself with Zerliue
and Lady Kokbourg. Lorenzo, after a sad
parting from Zerline, who is promised by
her father to a rich farmer, goes in search
of the bandits, defeats them, and recovers



->.



FKA



the diamonds, winning the offered reward
of 10,000 francs, and becoming thus as
wealthy as his rival. In the second act
Fra Diavolo and his companions Beppo and
Giacomo conceal themselves in a closet in
Zerliue's room. Their plans of robbery are
interrupted by the return of the carabineers,
and Fra Diavolo boldly comes out of the
closet and declares to Lord Kokbourg that
he is there by appointment with his wife
and to Lorenzo that it is by invitation of
Zerliue. With two duels on his hands, Fra




Charles Santley, as Fra Diavolo.

Diavolo promises satisfaction in the morning
and coolly walks out, leaving his two rivals
confounded and in despair. His compan-
ions, however, are captured and agree to
betray their chief to secure their own safety.
In the third act, where the scene is trans-
ferred to the mountains, Fra Diavolo is en-
snared, and meets death at the hands of the
carabineers, after acknowledging Zerliue's
innocence, and the lovers are made happy.
The music, which made Auber's reputation,
is bright and sparkling and as inspiring as
the libretto. In the first act the principal



numbers are : Pamela's, " Ah ! quel voyage
abominable ! " ; Lord Kokbourg's, " Je vou-
lais bien, je voulais bien ; " the quintet be-
tween the two travellers, the sham Marquis,
Zerliue, and Matteo, " Que vois-je, c'est
elle!"; Zerliue's air, "Voyez sur cette
roche ; " the scene between the Marquis and
Pamela, " Gondolier ficK-le ; " and the buffo
trio between these two and Lord Kokbourg,
" Je n'aimais pas le musique." In the sec-
ond act the air of Zerliue, " Quel bouheur,
je respire ; " the barcarolle, " Agues la jou-
vencelle ; " the cavatina in Zerliue's room,
" Oui, c'est demain qu'on me marie ; " and
the chorus, "Oui, la prudence." In the
third act, Fra Diavolo's grand air, " Je vois
marcher sous ma banuiere ; " the chorus,
" C'est aujourd'hui P:\ques Henries ; " Lo-
renzo's romanza, " Pour toujours, disait-
elle," and the final scene. Hanslick, Mod-
erne Oper, 132 ; Larousse, viii. 697.

FKA I DUE LITIGANTI IL TERZO
GODE (Between two quarrellers a third
party profits), Italian comic opera, text by
Lorenzi, music by Sarti, given at Turin,
1780. The unpublished score of this work,
which was very successful, is in the library
of the Conservatoire, Paris. Mozart took a
theme from this opera for the table-music
in the second act of Don Giovanni.

FKANCESCA DA RIMINI, German op-
era in three acts, text and music by Her-
mann GOtz, represented in Mannheim, Sept.
10, 1877. Gutz died before finishing the
work, and the third act was instrumented,
from the composer's sketches, by G. Frank.
The music is dramatic and was well re-
ceived.

FKANCESCA DA KIMINI, symphonic
poem for orchestra, by Peter Iljitsch Tschai-
kowsky, op. 32, composed in 1877, first per-
formed in Warsaw in 1878.

FKANCESCHINI, PETRONIO, born in
Bologna, lived in the second half of the 17th
century. Dramatic composer, brother of
the painter Marco Antonio Franceschini ;
pupil of Lorenzo Perti, and at Narni of
Giuseppe Corso. In 1673 he was elected



87



FRANCESCO



principe of the Accadernia Filarmonica,
Bologna. Works : Oroiite di Memfi, Bo-
logna, Teatro Formagliari, 1G76 ; Arsinoe,
ib., 1677 ; Apollo in Tessaglia, musical
drama, ib., 1679 ; Dionisio, ovvero la virtu
trionfante del vizio (with Parteuio), Venice,
1681. Fetis ; do., Supplement, i. 347.

FRANCESCO DA MILANO (Francesco
Milanese) ; organist, early part of 16th cen-
turv. He was a member of the Navizzi-
aui family of Milan and was a poet as well
as musician. About 1530 he became or-
ganist of the Cathedral of Milan. Accord-
ing to Doni and Picciuelli he was the author
of several rare collections of organ and Into
music, entitled : Intabolatura di orgauo,
lib. i. ; Intabolatura di liuto (Milan, 1540).
Some of his pieces for lute are in a collec-
tion entitled, Intabolatura di linto di di-
versi autori, etc. (Milan, 1556), which went
through several editions under different
titles ; and others are in Hortus Musarum
(Louvaiu, 1552). Fetis ; Schilling.

FRANCHI, GIOVANNI PIETRO, born
at Pistoja about the middle of the 17th
century. He was maestro concertaute to
the Duke Rospigliosi di Zagarolo. He pub-
lished Duetti da camera (Bologna, IfiS'.i) ;
Duetti del 1' amore col basso numerate (ib.,
1(589); Motets; Psalms; Sonatas, etc. Fe-
tis ; Mendel ; Viotta.

FRANCHOMME, AUGUSTE, born at
Lille, April 10, 1808, died in Paris, Jan. 21,
1884. Violoncellist, pupil at the Paris Con- i
servatoire of Levasseur and of Norblin ; and
in 1826 won the first prize for violoncello.
He was a member of the orchestra of the
Ambigu Coniique in 1825-26, of the Ope-
ra in 1827, and of the Theatre Italien in
1828. With Alard and Charles Halle he
founded a society for classical quartets.
The intimate friend of Chopin, he wrote
with him a duo for pianoforte and violon-
cello on Robert le Diable. He also wrote
a duo with variations in collaboration with
Bertoni, and a third with Osborne. In 1846
he became professor of the violoncello at
the Paris Conservatoire. Works : Theme



varie pour violoncello avec orchestra, op. 1
(Paris) ; Theme original, op. 3 ; Theme
original varie avec orchestre, op. 4 ; Fan-
taisie sur des themes russes et ecossaises,
avec quatuor ou orchestre, op . 6 ; Romance



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